References of "2012"
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See detailEnjeux, obstacles et atouts d'un modèle de soins aux contours indéterminés
Thunus, Sophie ULg

in Revue de l'Observatoire (2012), 72

Cette contribution porte sur les enjeux que soulève la réforme des soins de santé mentale en Belgique, au carrefour de l’évolution socio-historique du secteur, et d’un modèle des soins inscrit au sein de ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution porte sur les enjeux que soulève la réforme des soins de santé mentale en Belgique, au carrefour de l’évolution socio-historique du secteur, et d’un modèle des soins inscrit au sein de tendances internationales. Précisément, l’objectif est de mettre en tension l’indétermination du modèle, au sens où il renvoie à un ensemble d’expériences étrangères plus qu’un un corpus de savoirs; et la configuration d’une offre de soins encore déterminée par ses frontières institutionnelles. [less ▲]

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See detailTimbre description of the sound of air-treatment systems for predicting acoustic confort
Minard, Antoine; Billon, Alexis ULg; Goujard, B. et al

Poster (2012, April)

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See detailAutomated procedures in ISO17025 routine dioxin laboratory: impact on throughput
Focant, Jean-François ULg

Scientific conference (2012, April)

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See detailVideos in motion: Processes of Transnationalization in the Southern Nigerian Video Industry: Networks, Discourses, Aesthetics
Jedlowski, Alessandro ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

On the ground of a three years-long multi-sited, ethnographic research conducted in Southern Nigeria, Italy and the United Kingdom, my PhD dissertation analyzes the processes of transnationalization that ... [more ▼]

On the ground of a three years-long multi-sited, ethnographic research conducted in Southern Nigeria, Italy and the United Kingdom, my PhD dissertation analyzes the processes of transnationalization that have affected the southern Nigerian video film industry (Nollywood) during the first decade of the 2000s, and interpret their significance in relation to the industry’s history and recent developments. Transnationalization processes have affected the industry at different levels, which include its economic and social organization, its international representation, and the narrative and aesthetic features of the films it produces. The dissertation analyzes these different levels through three separated, but interrelated, sections: 1) The Nigerian video industry has experienced a transnational success since its early stages. Thanks to the informality of Nollywood’s network of distribution, pirated copies of Nigerian videos have circulated throughout the world since the mid 90s. Informal and pirated networks of circulation made videos travel long distances and create for the industry a wide transnational audience. However, as this section argues, informal production and distribution strategies and their vulnerability to piracy progressively eroded the industry’s economy. This section then argues that, once the internal Nigerian video market has started to implode because of the excess of informality and the lack of a proper distribution framework, an important section of the industry has explicitly decided to target the transnational audience generated by the global informal circulation of Nigerian video films. New modes of production and circulation emerged, which mainly target local elites and diasporic audiences. A new wave of high budget productions saw the light. The videos’ patterns of mobility transformed and, this impacted on video films’ economic accessibility for local popular audiences. 2) The second section analyzes the way videos’ discursive circulation (that is, the way in which videos, and the video phenomenon in general, have been portrayed, discussed and analyzed both in Nigeria and elsewhere) impacted on the video industry’s transformation. As with the material and economic circulation analyzed in the first section, videos’ discursive circulation interacted with the video phenomenon in at least two ways. On the one hand it made videos travel. It made them cross boundaries and reach audiences they did not even envisaged to reach. On the other hand, it opened for the video industry a field of dynamic confrontation. Nollywood has been compared to other global film industries (such as Bollywood and Hollywood), and it has been criticized for its low production quality standards. The video phenomenon has been celebrated for some of its achievement, and mocked for some of its weaknesses. This complex interaction with the global cinema arena has produced numerous effects on the video industry. Videos entrepreneurs reacted to criticism and engaged into active processes of transformation aimed at making the video industry reach international production quality standards, and escape the marginal position within which much of the mentioned discursive constructions positioned it. 3) The third section looks at videos’ aesthetics and narrative structures. The transnational mobility of the videos impacted on them in multiple ways. On the one hand, as a result of the encounter of both transnational and local aesthetic and narrative aspects, videos developed a particular aesthetic and narrative openness which made them able to address dispersed audiences and reconstitute them into a pan-African public. Through their specific film language, contents, and forms of address videos activated a debate on what it means to be African today, and shaped it around the social, cultural and historic specificities of the post-colonial, post-Structural-Adjustment era in Nigeria and, more generally, in sub-Saharan Africa. On the other hand, mobility intervened in the reformulation of videos’ narrative and aesthetic patterns. The video phenomenon has been adopted and reinterpreted by Nigerian diaporic groups in Europe and elsewhere. The specific social and economic conditions associated with the experience of living in the diaspora interacted with the videos’ production strategies and defined particular narrative and aesthetic solutions. When the Nigerian video industry entered the production crisis diasporic production companies found themselves in the position of an avant-garde in what concerns the industry’s transnational expansion: they had already experimented with economic and aesthetic solutions that could open Nigerian productions to global audiences. As a result, they became the bridge able to connect the Nigerian video film industry to transnational, non-African audiences. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilial pituitary adenomas : current concepts and perspectives
jaffrain-Rea, ML; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Abstract book - National Symposium in Endocrinology - Romanian Society of Endocrinology (2012, April)

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See detailVers une plus grande intégration des outils de conception?
Habran, Maxime ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2012)

Mise en évidence des principes relatifs à deux outils de conception, le schéma de développement de l'espace communautaire (SDEC) et le schéma de développement de l'espace régional (SDER)

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See detailLa globalisation : cinq thèses et trois scénarios
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Conference (2012, April)

La communication reprend l'idée de Zaki Laïdi, selon laquelle au-delà de l'accélération des flux économiques, la globalisation doit être considérée comme un transformation des représentations du monde. Il ... [more ▼]

La communication reprend l'idée de Zaki Laïdi, selon laquelle au-delà de l'accélération des flux économiques, la globalisation doit être considérée comme un transformation des représentations du monde. Il propos d'apppliquer cette logique à quelques grands travaux sociologiques récents sur la globalisation et montrer comment ces travaux eux-mêmes contribuent à faconner des "imaginaires" au sens de Zaki Laïdi [less ▲]

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See detailRevealing MPLS Tunnels Obscured from Traceroute
Donnet, Benoît ULg; Luckie, Matthew; Mérindol, Pascal et al

in Computer Communication Review (2012), 42(2), 87-93

Operators have deployed Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) in the Internet for over a decade. However, its impact on Internet topology measurements is not well known, and it is possible for some MPLS ... [more ▼]

Operators have deployed Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) in the Internet for over a decade. However, its impact on Internet topology measurements is not well known, and it is possible for some MPLS configurations to lead to false router-level links in maps derived from traceroute data. In this paper, we introduce a measurement-based classification of MPLS tunnels, identifying tunnels where IP hops are revealed but not explicitly tagged as label switching routers, as well as tunnels that obscure the underlying path. Using a large-scale dataset we collected, we show that paths frequently cross MPLS tunnels in today's Internet: in our data, at least 30% of the paths we tested traverse an MPLS tunnel. We also propose and evaluate several methods to reveal MPLS tunnels that are not explicitly flagged as such: we discover that their fraction is significant (up to half the explicit tunnel quantity) but most of them do not obscure IP-level topology discovery. [less ▲]

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See detailSalivary Glucose Oxidase from Caterpillars Mediates the Induction of Rapid and Delayed-Induced Defenses in the Tomato Plant
Tian, Donglan; Peiffer, Michelle; Shoemaker, Erica et al

in PLoS ONE (2012), 7(4), 36168

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See detailLa fréquence des élections
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg

in Bouhon, Frédéric; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Les systèmes électoraux de la Belgique (2012)

Ce chapitre vise à présenter les règles juridiques qui déterminent le rythme électoral. Il commence par une courte discussion sur la question de savoir quel laps de temps peut être considéré comme une ... [more ▼]

Ce chapitre vise à présenter les règles juridiques qui déterminent le rythme électoral. Il commence par une courte discussion sur la question de savoir quel laps de temps peut être considéré comme une durée raisonnable pour une législature. Il se poursuit par le passage en revue les normes qui établissent, pour chacune des assemblées élues du pays, la durée qui sépare en principe deux élections , et par l'examen des cas où la législature est écourtée par l’organisation d’élections anticipées. Enfin, le chapitre s'achève par une brève réflexion sur l’opportunité d’une synchronisation des différentes échéances électorales. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction générale
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg

in Bouhon, Frédéric; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Les systèmes électoraux de la Belgique (2012)

Cette introduction ouvre un ouvrage collectif consacré aux systèmes électoraux de la Belgique. Elle insiste sur le caractère multidisciplinaire de l'étude des questions électorales qui est proposée dans ... [more ▼]

Cette introduction ouvre un ouvrage collectif consacré aux systèmes électoraux de la Belgique. Elle insiste sur le caractère multidisciplinaire de l'étude des questions électorales qui est proposée dans le livre et en présente le plan. [less ▲]

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See detailGiacomo Casanova: Histoire de ma vie, extraits. Divers extraits de livre. Traductions effectuées pour la mise en scène de "Casanova, Theater mit Figuren"
Casanova, Giacomo; Flem, Lydia; Le Bitouzé, Corinne et al

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailLe vote obligatoire
Reuchamps, Min ULg; Caluwaerts, Didier; Bouhon, Frédéric ULg

in Bouhon, Frédéric; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Les systèmes électoraux de la Belgique (2012)

S’il est un élément précoce de la socialisation politique des jeunes Belges, c’est la connaissance de l’obligation de voter dans ce pays. Peu de Belges ignorent, en effet, que le vote y est obligatoire et ... [more ▼]

S’il est un élément précoce de la socialisation politique des jeunes Belges, c’est la connaissance de l’obligation de voter dans ce pays. Peu de Belges ignorent, en effet, que le vote y est obligatoire et donc qu’une obligation de se rendre aux urnes, sous peine de sanctions – généralement peu ou mal connues –, incombe à chaque électeur du Royaume, même si dans les faits tous ne participent au scrutin. Pourtant, le vote obligatoire n’est pas une caractéristique commune des systèmes électoraux à travers le monde. À ce jour, on ne retrouve une telle obligation, assortie ou non de sanction, que dans trente et un États ou partie d’État. La Belgique fut précurseur en la matière et, même si ce pays ne s’est pas détourné du vote obligatoire en plus de cent ans d’existence, cette obligation continue de susciter un véritable débat. Dans la première partie de ce chapitre, nous revenons sur l’introduction du vote obligatoire en Belgique en présentant les arguments de ce débat. La deuxième partie aborde les principes et les sanctions consacrés par le droit positif tandis que la troisième partie explore les conséquences politiques du vote obligatoire. Tout naturellement, la conclusion de ce chapitre se penchera sur son avenir en Belgique. [less ▲]

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See detailThe oxygen nightglow emissions of Venus: vertical distribution and role of collisional quenching
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Soret, Lauriane ULg; Migliorini, Alessandra et al

Conference (2012, April)

The oxygen nightglow emissions of Venus: vertical distribution and role of collisional quenching J.-C. Gérard (1), L. Soret (1), A. Migliorini (2), G. Piccioni (2), and P. Drossart (3) (1) LPAP ... [more ▼]

The oxygen nightglow emissions of Venus: vertical distribution and role of collisional quenching J.-C. Gérard (1), L. Soret (1), A. Migliorini (2), G. Piccioni (2), and P. Drossart (3) (1) LPAP - Université de Liège - Belgium (jc.gerard@ulg.ac.be, 0032 4 366 9711), (2) INAF - Rome, Italy, (3) LESIA, Observatoire de Paris - Meudon, France Three-body recombination of atomic oxygen produces O2 molecules excited in different electronic states such as a 1∆g, b 1 􏰀+g , A 3 􏰀+u , c 1 􏰀uand A’ 3∆u, each with a specific quantum efficiency. When they radiate, optical transitions are observed in a wide range of wavelengths extending from the ultraviolet to the near infrared. In planetary atmospheres, spontaneous radiative deexcitation compete with collisional quenching with ambient molecules and atoms. As a consequence, the corresponding airglow emission profiles may significantly differ from each other in brightness and altitude of the emitting layer. We model the volume emission rates and limb profiles of the O2 Atmospheric Infrared (a 1∆-X 3 􏰀), Herzberg I (A 3 􏰀-X 3 􏰀), Herzberg II (c 1 􏰀-X 3 􏰀), Chamberlain (A’ 3∆-a 1∆) bands expected on the Venus night side. The quenching rates are taken from laboratory and observational planetary data and we apply two different methods to determine the oxygen and CO2 density profiles. One is based on recent analysis of data collected by instruments on board the Venus Express mission. The second one uses a one-dimensional chemical-diffusive model where the free parameters are the strength of turbulent transport and the downward flux of O atoms. Both approaches indicate that the calculated intensities of each transition range over several orders of magnitude and that differences are expected in the altitude of the maximum emission. These predictions will be compared with VIRTIS/Venus Express limb observations, which make it possible to derive the vertical distribution of the O2 emissions in the visible and infrared. These measurements suggest that no difference is observed between the altitude of the peak of the IR Atmospheric and Herzberg II bands. Conclusions will be drawn about the validity of the current set of quenching coefficients used in the model. [less ▲]

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See detailBiological variations during a race cycling
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Goffaux, Sébastien et al

in Biomedica 2012 (2012, April)

Background: The metabolic and cardiac impact of a cycling effort on blood biology is not very well described in the literature. We aimed to measure the concentration of different biomarkers (cardiac and ... [more ▼]

Background: The metabolic and cardiac impact of a cycling effort on blood biology is not very well described in the literature. We aimed to measure the concentration of different biomarkers (cardiac and metabolic) released during an international cycling race. Materials and Methods: Venous blood samples of 15 young men (25.1 ± 6.4 y.o.) were collected just before (T1), just after (T2), 3 hours (T3) after an international cycling race of 176 kilometers in Belgium for the determination of cardiac and metabolic biomarkers: red blood cells (RBC) haemoglobin (HgB) creatinin (Cr) highly sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) myoglobin (MYO) NT-proBNP All automated assays were performed according to the manufacter’s specifications. For the statistical analysis, an Anova calculated with the Statistica Software version 9.1 was used. Results: •RBC and HgB levels varied significantly between T0 and T3 (respectively p=0.0026, and p=0.002) (Fig. 1 and 2). • Cr concentration also varied significantly between all times (T0-T1:p<0.0001, T1-T3:p=0.0326 and T0-T3 p=0.0001)(Fig.3). These changes might be related to renal flow depletion during exercise. •MYO increased significantly between T0 and T1 (p<0.0001), but quickly decreased between T1 and T3, however the T3 level stay higher than T0 (p=0.014) (Fig.4). •The stress delivered from the physical activity performed during the race induced a significant variation of hsTnT which increased significantly between T0 and T1 (p<0.0001) and stayed higher 3 hours after the end of the exercise (T0-T3: p<0.0001) (Fig.5) . •The intense exercise delivery by the race induced a significant variation of NT-proBNP, that followed the same kinetic of hsTnT but in smaller proportion. We noticed variations statistically significant between T0 and T1 and between T0 and T3 for NT-proBNP (Fig.6). •These increases of cardiac biomarkers were significant but reasonable and could not allow us to talk about cellular necrosis or irreversible injury. Conclusions: Our results show that stress generated by a cycling race could be the cause for the different metabolic variations observed. Troponin T stays without a doubt the most specific marker for stress related to myocardial tissue. Its increase can then be considered as being of interest. [less ▲]

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