References of "2012"
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See detailLa querelle territoriale entre Samos et Priène : réponse à une invitation au débat
Famerie, Etienne ULg

Scientific conference (2012, April 03)

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See detailÉduCoP case study: the Community of Practice of learners in Educational Sciences at the University of Liège.
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Bomgart, Marie-Laure ULg

in Hodgson; Jones, C; de Laat, J (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Networked Learning 2012 (2012, April 03)

The concept of Community of Practice (CoP) takes nowadays a great part in the formal or informal learning domain. In addition, computerised tools are often used to sustain the activities of these ... [more ▼]

The concept of Community of Practice (CoP) takes nowadays a great part in the formal or informal learning domain. In addition, computerised tools are often used to sustain the activities of these communities (Wenger, White & Smith, 2009). The ÉduCoP case study deals with the creation and the animation process of a CoP that was launched in 2010 at the University of Liège. Initiated by a master student in educational sciences, it aims at developing and making durable a community of practice composed of learners in this field and supported by Information and Communication Technologies. This paper presents several actions undertaken to develop this CoP: the analysis of the potential members' needs, stakes and motivations of students to enrol in this project; the choice of useful and usable technological tools to provide them (here, the eGroupWare platform) and the training sessions linked to its efficient uses; the activities conducted to develop the CoP's members identity and to lead them to debate about common topics, to produce and share resources. The CoP's evolution was observed through qualitative and quantitative data collection processes (e.g. interviews about the members' implication and roles, support from animator, obstacles, feeling to belong to a CoP, analysis of the topics presented in the posted documents and messages, uses of the technological tools, frequency of connection...). The results are discussed here and perspectives are evoked for this CoP. If the actions undertaken show encouraging results, neverthless obstacles to the creation and the evolution of such a CoP have been identified (e.g. lack of technological culture among some members, reluctance to share personal productions). Some perspectives are considered to overcome these problems. Since October 2011, this initiative has been recognised at the institutional level: the university is interested in lessons learned in order to implement CoP into other faculties that would be willing to start networking and create communities of learners or of practice. [less ▲]

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See detailStochastic Dimension Reduction Techniques for Uncertainty Quantification of Multiphysics Systems
Phipps, Eric; Arnst, Maarten ULg; Constantine, Paul et al

Conference (2012, April 02)

Uncertainty quantification of multiphysics systems represents numerous mathematical and computational challenges. Indeed, uncertainties that arise in each physics in a fully coupled system must be ... [more ▼]

Uncertainty quantification of multiphysics systems represents numerous mathematical and computational challenges. Indeed, uncertainties that arise in each physics in a fully coupled system must be captured throughout the whole system, the so-called curse of dimensionality. We present techniques for mitigating the curse of dimensionality in network-coupled multiphysics systems by using the structure of the network to transform uncertainty representations as they pass between components. Examples from the simulation of nuclear power plants will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailInstitutional Change and Legislative Stability: Explicit and Contested Decision-Making in the EU Council (1995-2010)
Van Aken, Wim ULg

E-print/Working paper (2012)

In contrast to general expectations the growth of EU membership as well as European treaty reform has not had any significant impact on the Council’s overall legislative and roll call activity. On the ... [more ▼]

In contrast to general expectations the growth of EU membership as well as European treaty reform has not had any significant impact on the Council’s overall legislative and roll call activity. On the basis of a new dataset representing the total population of public roll calls and recorded votes in the Council this paper explains why the EU Council has been so successful in guaranteeing legislative and roll call stability between 1995 and 2010. The quantitative and qualitative analysis finds that frontloading legislation, changing voting behaviour, reinforcement of existing coalition patterns and the successful adjustment of newer Member States to the EU Council have contributed to the EU Council’s decision-making capacity during the observed 16 years. In explaining the apparent contradiction between institutional change and the Council’s legislative stability this paper contributes to our knowledge of the functioning, the decision-making processes and the geography of contestation in the EU Council. [less ▲]

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See detailDimension Reduction and Measure Transformation in Stochastic Multiphysics Modeling
Arnst, Maarten ULg; Ghanem, Roger; Phipps, Eric et al

Conference (2012, April 02)

We present a computational framework based on stochastic expansion methods for the efficient propagation of uncertainties through multiphysics models. The framework leverages an adaptation of the Karhunen ... [more ▼]

We present a computational framework based on stochastic expansion methods for the efficient propagation of uncertainties through multiphysics models. The framework leverages an adaptation of the Karhunen-Loeve decomposition to extract a low-dimensional representation of information passed from component to component in a stochastic coupled model. After a measure transformation, the reduced-dimensional interface thus created enables a more efficient solution in a reduced-dimensional space. We demonstrate the proposed approach on an illustration problem from nuclear engineering [less ▲]

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See detailLes dysphasies : sémiologie et hypothèses explicatives
Maillart, Christelle ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailNanotechnologies. Qu'est devenu le principe de précaution?
Thoreau, François ULg; Feltz, Bernard

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailSimuler la ressource forestière à l'échelle d'un massif : application de SIMMEM et GYMNOS
Ligot, Gauthier ULg; Vallet, Patrick; Perin, Jérôme ULg et al

Conference (2012, April 02)

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See detailQuels modes de gouvernance pour la PMI tunisienne? Les enseignements de la littérature
Ghorbel, Jihene ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

Conference (2012, April 02)

Les Petites et Moyennes Entreprises (PME), et tout particulièrement les Petites et Moyennes Industries (PMI), constituent un des piliers de l’économie tunisienne. Néanmoins, malgré l’abondance des études ... [more ▼]

Les Petites et Moyennes Entreprises (PME), et tout particulièrement les Petites et Moyennes Industries (PMI), constituent un des piliers de l’économie tunisienne. Néanmoins, malgré l’abondance des études consacrées aux PME dans le monde, rares sont les recherches scientifiques qui portent sur les spécificités des PME industrielles dans ce contexte géographique donné. Simultanément, face au phénomène de mondialisation croissante de l'économie et aux crises économiques et financières qui marquent la vie économique mondiale en cette première décennie du nouveau millénaire, un consensus émerge dans la littérature conduisant au constat que les PME et les PMI doivent impérativement renforcer et améliorer à la fois leurs systèmes de contrôle et de gouvernance si elles veulent jouer un rôle majeur dans leur tissu économique respectif et si elles souhaitent consolider leur crédibilité auprès de l'ensemble de leurs partenaires externes (banquiers, Pouvoirs Publics, organes de contrôle externes, ...). Notre contribution se propose dès lors, à partir d’une analyse de la littérature relativement limitée spécifique à l'objet de recherche particulier que constitue la PMI tunisienne, de mettre en évidence les spécificités de la PMI tunisienne et ses conséquences sur le design d'un système de gouvernance qui permettrait d'asseoir leur crédibilité et donc leur assise dans le paysage économique tunisien. [less ▲]

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See detailMilk production of Holsteins under Mediterranean conditions: case of the Tunisian population
Ben Gara, Abderrahmen; Borni, Jemmali; Hammami, Hedi ULg et al

in Rekik, Boulbaba (Ed.) Milk Production (2012)

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See detailDes racines au faîte : Hubert Nyssen romancier
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Bon-A-Tirer : Revue Littéraire en Ligne (2012), 156

Aspects esthétiques et politiques de l'imaginaire romanesque d'Hubert Nyssen, par ailleurs fondateur des éditions Actes Sud.

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See detailCLUPI, a high-performance imaging system on the ESA-NASA rover of the 2018 ExoMars mission to discover biofabrics on Mars
Josset, J.-L.; Westall, F.; Hofmann, B. A. et al

in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (2012, April 01)

The scientific objectives of the ESA-NASA rover of the 2018 mission of the ExoMars Programme are to search for traces of past or present life and to characterise the near-sub surface. Both objectives ... [more ▼]

The scientific objectives of the ESA-NASA rover of the 2018 mission of the ExoMars Programme are to search for traces of past or present life and to characterise the near-sub surface. Both objectives require study of the rock/regolith materials in terms of structure, textures, mineralogy, and elemental and organic composition. The 2018 rover ExoMars payload consists of a suite of complementary instruments designed to reach these objectives. CLUPI, the high-performance colour close up imager, on board the 2018 ESA-NASA Rover plays an important role in attaining the mission objectives: it is the equivalent of the hand lens that no geologist is without when undertaking field work. CLUPI is a powerful, highly integrated miniaturized (<700g) low-power robust imaging system, able to operate at very low temperatures (-120°C). CLUPI has a working distance from 10cm to infinite providing outstanding pictures with a color detector of 2652x1768. At 10cm, the resolution is 7 micrometer/pixel in color. The focus mechanism and the optical-mechanical interface are a smart assembly in titanium that can sustain a wide temperature range. The concept benefits from well-proven heritage: Proba, Rosetta, MarsExpress and Smart-1 missions… Because the main science objective of ExoMars concerns the search for life, whose traces on Mars are likely to be cryptic, close up observation of the rocks and granular regolith will be critical to the decision as whether to drill and sample the nearby underlying materials. Thus, CLUPI is the essential final step in the choice of drill site. But not only are CLUPI's observations of the rock outcrops important, but they also serve other purposes. CLUPI, could observe the placement of the drill head. It will also be able to observe the fines that come out of the drill hole, including any colour stratification linked to lithological changes with depth. Finally, CLUPI will provide detailed observation of the surface of the core drilled materials when they are in the sample drawer at a spatial resolution of 15 micrometer/pixel in color. The close-up imager CLUPI on the ESA-NASA rover of the 2018 mission will be described together with its capabilities to provide important information significantly contributing to the understanding of the geological environment and could identify outstanding potential biofabrics (stromatolites...) of past life on Mars. [less ▲]

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See detailGlobal Modeling of X-Ray Spectra Produced in O-type Star Winds
Hervé, Anthony ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Nazé, Yaël ULg et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2012), 748

High-resolution X-ray spectra of O-type stars revealed less wind absorption than expected from smooth winds with conventional mass-loss rates. Various solutions have been proposed, including porous winds ... [more ▼]

High-resolution X-ray spectra of O-type stars revealed less wind absorption than expected from smooth winds with conventional mass-loss rates. Various solutions have been proposed, including porous winds, optically thick clumps, or an overall reduction of the mass-loss rates. The latter has a strong impact on the evolution of the star. Our final goal is to analyze high-resolution X-ray spectra of O-type stars with a multi-temperature plasma model in order to determine crucial stellar and wind parameters such as the mass-loss rate, the CNO abundances, and the X-ray temperature plasma distribution in the wind. In this context we are developing a modeling tool to calculate synthetic X-ray spectra. We present here the main ingredients and physics necessary for such a work. Our code uses the most recent version of the AtomDB emissivities to compute the intrinsic emissivity of the hot plasma as well as the CMFGEN model atmosphere code to evaluate the opacity of the cool wind. Following the comparison between two formalisms of stellar wind fragmentation, we introduce, for the first time in X-rays, the effects of a tenuous inter-clump medium. We then explore the quantitative impact of different model parameters on the X-ray spectra such as the position in the wind of the X-ray emitting plasma. For the first time, we also show that the two formalisms of stellar wind fragmentation yield different results, although the differences for individual lines are small and can probably not be tested with the current generation of X-ray telescopes. As an illustration of our method, we compare various synthetic line profiles to the observed O VIII λ18.97 line in the spectrum of ζ Puppis. We illustrate how different combinations of parameters can actually lead to the same morphology of a single line, underlining the need to analyze the whole spectrum in a consistent way when attempting to constrain the parameters of the wind. [less ▲]

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