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See detailDuration perception: A Developmental Semiology from 2:6 to 13 Years, General Population versus Atypical, Assessment by Parental Questionnaire
SCHOLL, Jean-Marc ULg; Philippe, Paule; Gérard, Paul ULg et al

Conference (2012, December 20)

Introduction Perception of duration has a major impact on the child’s ability to manage everyday life. Usually, the perception of time is considered in its sequential component. To our knowledge, possible ... [more ▼]

Introduction Perception of duration has a major impact on the child’s ability to manage everyday life. Usually, the perception of time is considered in its sequential component. To our knowledge, possible semiological markers for the capacity to apprehend temporal duration have not yet been explored. There are thus no existing tools either for its evaluation (in everyday life) or for the description of its development during childhood. We are thus largely in the dark about how the perception of duration develops during childhood. Hypothesis 1) It is possible to track perception of duration using semiological markers in everyday life; 2) Children with developmental disorders can be expected to develop difficulties in this domain. Method We designed a questionnaire for parents using a Likert scale. The questionnaire was administered to 2 samples from 2:6 to 13 years: 827 in a general population and 297 in a mixed-psychopathological population recruited from the Mental Health Services network. We carried out a multinomial logistic regression and used percentiles curves (P5,50,95). Results In the general population, perception of duration is gradually acquired and full competence is attained by 9 years. The apprehension of sequential time is achieved by 4 years. In the psychopathological sample, mean perception of temporal duration is delayed by 18 months and significant difficulties remain even at 13 years. The apprehension of sequential time is also delayed: even at 13 years it remains low (at percentile 95). We have found no sex-related differences. Discussion Perception of duration is an important developmental feature which has not been taken into account until now. Semiological markers can be used to differentiate typically developing children from clinical populations as to their respective capacities to perceive temporal duration. [less ▲]

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See detailConférence-débat "Comment enseigner les médias en secondaire ?"
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 20)

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See detailHyperuricémie et risque cardiovasculaire dans la maladie rénale chronique
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 20)

Plusieurs études de populations ont noté qu’une hyperuricémie peut favoriser l’apparition d’une insuffisance rénale. Par ce biais, l’hyperuricémie participerait au risque CV de l’IRC! Acide urique accru ... [more ▼]

Plusieurs études de populations ont noté qu’une hyperuricémie peut favoriser l’apparition d’une insuffisance rénale. Par ce biais, l’hyperuricémie participerait au risque CV de l’IRC! Acide urique accru: bon, mauvais ou indifférent? Rôle antioxydant à concentration normale A concentration élevée, épidémiologie en faveur d’un rôle délétère sur le plan CV et rénal (marqueur ou acteur?). Participe à la dysfonction endothéliale, à la stimulation du SRA, au stress oxydant et à l’inflammation, tous facteurs de risque CV. Rôle dans l’initiation et la progression de l’IRénale Cependant, EBM non prouvé de l’intérêt du traitement IXO Manque cruel d’études multicentriques, randomisées, contrôlées sur l’intérêt d’une baisse de l’acide urique par un IXO pour la protection CV et rénale ! [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic shielding with YBCO coated conductors: influence of the geometry on its performances
Wera, Laurent ULg; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Levin, G. A. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (2012), 23(3),

A superconducting magnetic shield can be built as a stack of several sections of milled 2G coated conductors. Each section consists of a closed loop where persistent currents can flow and provide a strong ... [more ▼]

A superconducting magnetic shield can be built as a stack of several sections of milled 2G coated conductors. Each section consists of a closed loop where persistent currents can flow and provide a strong attenuation of external dc magnetic fields. The purpose of the present work is to study experimentally several geometries of such magnetic shields made out of YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) coated conductors from SuperPower. Our aim is to investigate in detail the influence of the aspect ratio and the number of layers of the assembly on the magnetic shielding properties. In order to do so, the magnetic shield is subjected to an axial quasi-static (“dc”) magnetic field ramped slowly at a fixed sweep rate. A Hall probe is used to measure the local magnetic induction inside the assembly as a function of the appliedmagnetic induction. Results show that the shielding factor, SF, (defined as the ratio between the appliedmagnetic induction and the magnetic induction measured inside the shield) is improved for increasing aspect ratios of the global coated conductor assembly and that the threshold magnetic induction (defined for SF = 10) increases with the number of layers. Using a double layer of 18 sections at T = 77 K, dc magnetic fields up to 56 mT can be shielded by a factor larger than 10. Finally, the effect of an air gap of constant width between coated conductor sections is also characterized.(C) 2012 IEEE [less ▲]

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See detailBrazil in Africa: strategic issues
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in African Geopolitics (2012), 45

Africa seems to be a preferred area of activity for the so-called "emerging countries". Brazil is interested in having closer relations with african countries. It has developed economic, trade, diplomatic ... [more ▼]

Africa seems to be a preferred area of activity for the so-called "emerging countries". Brazil is interested in having closer relations with african countries. It has developed economic, trade, diplomatic and cultural links with Africa. It also tends to develop relations in the field of energy with Nigeria, Angola or even with Algeria as well as a military cooperation with countries like Namibia or South Africa. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact des services publics et sociaux sur le revenu des ménages belges
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Fortemps, Françoise ULg; Sak, Barbara

in D'autres Repères (2012)

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See detailEvaluation des ressources en eau souterraine dans le bassin de Dargol (Liptako - Niger)
Abdou Babaye, Maman Sani ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Located in the southwestern part of Niger, the Dargol basin belongs to the region of Precambrian Liptako. In this area, most of the groundwater resources are stored in fractured aquifers of Precambrian ... [more ▼]

Located in the southwestern part of Niger, the Dargol basin belongs to the region of Precambrian Liptako. In this area, most of the groundwater resources are stored in fractured aquifers of Precambrian basement. Since the late 1980s, major rural water supply programs were interested in these aquifers and thousands of boreholes were drilled to cover the water needs of the growing population. However, many of them dry up during the dry season, forcing villagers to walk kilometers to fetch water their families. To increase the success rate of drilling, it is important to improve the knowledge on the functioning of these aquifers. The present study is carried out in this context. Its main objective is to identify and characterize fractured reservoirs in order to quantify and improve groundwater resources management methods of in semi-arid. A multidisciplinary methodology is developed to achieve this goal. Its combines lineaments maps, major element geochemistry and isotopic analyzes of drill logs. The lineaments cartography are made from the satellite imagery analysis. It is completed by field measurements, geological and geophysical data analysis. This study helped to understand the influence of the directions of fractures in the yield of the boreholes. New field investigations, particularly piezometric measurements, analyze of water and structural measurements were performed. The chemistry of water in this area revealed three sources of main ions which are from entropic origins, dissolution of gypsum and weathering of silicates minerals. Approximately 19% of boreholes recorded a high content of nitrates exceeding WHO standards (50 mg / l). To better understand the modes of recharge of these fissured aquifers, isotopic approaches were used. Stable isotope ratios (δ18O, δ2H) indicate two groundwater recharge mechanisms: direct recharge waters with little or no rain evaporated and indirect recharge which are infiltration surface water and water from stream channels beds. The analysis of the tritium content of the water indicates that recharge is new at most of the points investigated. In contrast, in area of low levels of tritium, the renewal rate appears to be low or even zero. On the basis of these data, a multi-criteria analysis was performed to produce maps of potential recharge areas and productivity index. These maps are validated using independent data and can be used as a pragmatic tool for water resources management and for future surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailConférence intitulée « Elites, Leadership and Power in Ethnic Communities »
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 19)

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See detailAchromatization of nonimaging Fresnel lenses for photovoltaic solar concentration using refractive and diffractive patterns
Languy, Fabian ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

In the field of concentrated photovoltaics, the main disadvantage of lenses compared to mirrors lies in their chromaticity: Snell's law is related to the refractive index which is wavelength dependent ... [more ▼]

In the field of concentrated photovoltaics, the main disadvantage of lenses compared to mirrors lies in their chromaticity: Snell's law is related to the refractive index which is wavelength dependent. Consequently, even for purely collimated beams under normal incidence, the maximum concentration achievable with typical lenses made of PMMA is limited to ~1000×. This maximum value becomes even lower when considering Sun's angular aperture. Since the law of reflection is not wavelength dependent, mirrors can theoretically achieve the thermodynamic limit of concentration which is about 46'000×. This thesis aims at the design and the manufacturing of an achromatic Fresnel lens suitable for photovoltaic solar concentration, i.e. combining high concentration, low production cost and tolerance to manufacturing errors. Firstly, we investigated a hybrid lens made of a refractive lens and a diffractive lens. The investigations showed that the concentration ratio could be multiplied by 4. A full chapter is dedicated to the optimisation of blazed diffraction gratings to finally achieve the design of the diffractive lens. Nevertheless, a bilayer diffractive lens is needed to obtain a high diffraction efficiency which makes the diffractive lens highly sensitive to manufacturing errors and consequently not suitable for photovoltaic solar concentration. Purely refractive achromatic Fresnel doublets were then investigated and several designs were compared. They allow for very high concentration ratios in the case of collimated beams under normal incidence, higher than 100'000×. Therefore, contrary to singlets, Fresnel doublets are much more affected by the angular size of the source than by the chromatic aberration. Moreover, it was shown that they are tolerant to manufacturing error, change of temperature and uncertainty on the refractive index. It emerges from this thesis that the concept of achromatic doublets is a tolerant and low-cost production solution to achieve a highly concentrated white flux. Although bilayer diffractive lenses are not suitable for concentrated photovoltaics, the combination of refractive with diffractive structures seems to be promised to a bright future for spectrum splitting applications, including spectrum splitting for concentrated photovoltaics. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional nanogels as platforms for imparting antibacterial, antibiofilm, and antiadhesion activities to stainless steel
Faure, Emilie ULg; Falentin, Céline ULg; Svaldo Lanero, Tiziana ULg et al

in Advanced Functional Materials (2012), 22(24), 5271-5282

In this work, long-term antibacterial, antiadhesion, and antibiofilm activities are afforded to industrial stainless steel surfaces following a green and bio-inspired strategy. Starting from catechol ... [more ▼]

In this work, long-term antibacterial, antiadhesion, and antibiofilm activities are afforded to industrial stainless steel surfaces following a green and bio-inspired strategy. Starting from catechol bearing synthetic polymers, the film cross-linking and the grafting of active (bio)molecules are possible under environmentally friendly conditions (in aqueous media and at room temperature). A bio-inspired polyelectrolyte, a polycation-bearing catechol, is used as the film-anchoring polymer while a poly(methacrylamide)-bearing quinone groups serves as the cross-linking agent in combination with a polymer bearing primary amine groups. The amine/quinone reaction is exploited to prepare stable solutions of nanogels in water at room temperature that can be easily deposited to stainless steel. This coating provides quinonefunctionalized surfaces that are then used to covalently anchor active (bio) molecules (antibiofi lm enzyme and antiadhesion polymer) through thiol/ quinone reactions. [less ▲]

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See detail« Une ethnographie des ateliers de théâtre-action »
Brahy, Rachel ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 19)

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See detailEUCAST Where are we Today? What’s New? A difficult road in Belgium.
MELIN, Pierrette ULg

Conference (2012, December 19)

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See detailIncidence du burnout parmi les radiothérapeutes belges
Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Hansez, Isabelle ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg et al

Poster (2012, December 18)

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See detailDémarches qualité en agro-alimentaire: retour d'expérience des AOP/IGP.
Sindic, Marianne ULg

Conference (2012, December 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
See detailPhénoménologie des troubles de l'humeur
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 18)

Dans les classifications nosographiques modernes (DSM-IV et CIM-10), comme dans la littérature spécialisée (Akiskal, 2001 ; Akiskal et al., 2006 ; Kasper & Hirschfeld, 2005), la mélancolie et la manie ... [more ▼]

Dans les classifications nosographiques modernes (DSM-IV et CIM-10), comme dans la littérature spécialisée (Akiskal, 2001 ; Akiskal et al., 2006 ; Kasper & Hirschfeld, 2005), la mélancolie et la manie font partie des troubles de l’humeur. Si l’on se met d’accord sur une définition solide de l’humeur , la place de celle-ci, et plus généralement de l’émotion, au sein de ces manifestations psychopathologiques est incontestable. Cependant, doit-on considérer qu’il s’agit de l’« organisateur structurel » de ces deux entités ? Nous pensons que non et tâcherons de démontrer que la mélancolie et la manie sont avant tout des pathologies de l’identité. [less ▲]

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See detailClostridium difficile in young farm animals and slaughter animals in Belgium
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Vandebroek, Johan et al

in Anaerobe (2012), 18(6), 621-625

Faecal carriage of Clostridium difficile in healthy animals has been reported recently, especially in piglets and calves. However there is limited data about carriage in animals just prior to slaughter in ... [more ▼]

Faecal carriage of Clostridium difficile in healthy animals has been reported recently, especially in piglets and calves. However there is limited data about carriage in animals just prior to slaughter in Europe. The main objective of this study was to determine the presence of C. difficile in pigs and cattle at the slaughterhouse. C. difficile was isolated in 6.9% of the cattle at the slaughterhouse. None of the pig slaughter samples were positive for C. difficile after an enrichment time of 72 h. For complementary data, a short study was conducted in piglets and calves at farms. C. difficile was more prevalent in piglets (78.3%) than in calves (22.2%) on the farms. Regarding the piglet samples, 27.8% of the positive samples were detected without enrichment of stools. The PCR ribotype 078 was predominant in farm animals. Samples isolated from slaughter cattle presented the widest range in PCR-ribotype variety, and the most prevalent PCR ribotype was 118a UCL. The results of this study confirm that C. difficile is present in slaughter animals in Belgium with a large percentage of toxigenic strains also commonly found in humans. [less ▲]

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See detailLe ProtiWanze, une alternative économique aux tourteaux de soja et de colza dans l'alimentation des bovins
Lessire, Françoise ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

Suite à une conscientisation de plus en plus forte de la problématique environnementale, la production de biocarburants s’est développée un peu partout dans le monde. C’est en Wallonie que la plus grande ... [more ▼]

Suite à une conscientisation de plus en plus forte de la problématique environnementale, la production de biocarburants s’est développée un peu partout dans le monde. C’est en Wallonie que la plus grande usine de production de bioéthanol de Belgique, BioWanze, a été inaugurée, en décembre 2008. Le ProtiWanze® est différent des autres co-produits issus de la fabrication de bioéthanol. En effet, il est élaboré à partir d’un substrat unique, le froment alors que le plus souvent les usines de production de biocarburants utilisent comme matières premières le maïs, le seigle, l’orge, la canne à sucre, seuls ou en mélanges en proportions variables suivant les prix du marché. Par conséquent, ces co-produits destinés à l’alimentation animale ont des caractéristiques variant au gré des mélanges sélectionnés alors que le ProtiWanze® est relativement stable. Les principaux atouts du ProtiWanze® sont sa teneur en énergie (1130 VEM) et sa teneur en protéines (280 g Matière azotée totale/kg de matière sèche en moyenne). Il est pauvre en matière sèche (teneur moyenne de 27%) et se présente sous forme liquide, ce qui réduit sa valeur d’encombrement au niveau du rumen. L’incorporation du ProtiWanze® dans l’alimentation des bovins en Wallonie a fait l’objet d’un suivi par l’Université de Liège et a été testé chez les vaches laitières, les vaches allaitantes et les taureaux à l’engrais et ce 2 années consécutives. Les résultats tant zootechniques qu’économiques liées à l’utilisation de cet aliment font l’objet de cette présentation. [less ▲]

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See detailProfessionalization of human resource management: analytical framework’s proposal
Moreau, Charlotte ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 18)

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See detailMémoire et Science politique
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)