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See detailPiezocision-assisted orthodontic treatment in adult patient: A case report
CHARAVET, Carole ULg; LAMBERT, France ULg; LECLOUX, Geoffrey ULg et al

Conference (2012, December 07)

The duration of orthodontic treatments in adult patient remains a barrier for some patients. The recent scientific reports describing piezocision technique involving minimally invasive corticotomies, seem ... [more ▼]

The duration of orthodontic treatments in adult patient remains a barrier for some patients. The recent scientific reports describing piezocision technique involving minimally invasive corticotomies, seem to be of interest for these particular cases. The present communication describes the clinical case of a 20-year-old patient presenting a class I bilateral, an overcrowding of front areas with the superior canine in mesio-infraclusion and a deviated lower median line. An excellent multidisciplinary approach is mandatory for the planification of such cases. Under local anesthesia, the surgical technique involves vertical minimal incision around the teeth that need to be moved. Trough the minimal incisions, 5mm vertical alveolar osteotomies are performed using ultrasonic surgical device. No suture is necessary. The orthodontic activation is applied 1 week before the surgical procedure and the patient is recalled every 15 days to activate the orthodontic appliance. In this case self-ligating brackets were used to reduce the friction. Post-operative outcomes were painless for the patient and the complete orthodontic procedure took 7 months. The overall treatment appeared to be faster than a conventional orthodontic treatment. However, even if animal studies seem to confirm the clinical feeling described in this case report, further clinical studies including randomized controlled trials are needed to validate this treatment approach. [less ▲]

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See detailSoutien aux aidants des patients souffrant de la maladie d'Alzheimer: Apport de la neuropsychologie
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 07)

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See detailCan we use Electrical Resistivity Tomography to measure root zone moisture dynamics in fields with multiple crops?
Garré, Sarah ULg; Coteur, Ine; Wongleecharoen, Chalemchart et al

in 2012 Scientific program (2012, December 07)

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See detailnon invasive estimation of left atrial pressure and mitral valve area waveforms during an entire cardiac cycle
Paeme, Sabine ULg; Pironet, Antoine ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg et al

in proceeding of 11th national day of the National Committee on Biomedical Engineering (2012, December 07)

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See detailEfficient ALE mesh management for 3D quasi-Eulerian problems
Boman, Romain ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2012), 92(10), 857-890

In computational solid mechanics, the ALE formalism can be very useful to reduce the size of finite element models of continuous forming operations such as roll forming. The mesh of these ALE models is ... [more ▼]

In computational solid mechanics, the ALE formalism can be very useful to reduce the size of finite element models of continuous forming operations such as roll forming. The mesh of these ALE models is said to be quasi-Eulerian because the nodes remain almost fixed—or almost Eulerian—in the main process direction, although they are required to move in the orthogonal plane in order to follow the lateral displacements of the solid. This paper extensively presents a complete node relocation procedure dedicated to such ALE models. The discussion focusses on quadrangular and hexahedral meshes with local refinements. The main concern of this work is the preservation of the geometrical features and the shape of the free boundaries of the mesh. With this aim in view, each type of nodes (corner, edge, surface and volume) is treated sequentially with dedicated algorithms. A special care is given to highly curved 3D surfaces for which a CPU-efficient smoothing technique is proposed. This new method relies on a spline surface reconstruction, on a very fast weighted Laplacian smoother with original weights and on a robust reprojection algorithm. The overall consistency of this mesh management procedure is finally demonstrated in two numerical applications. The first one is a 2D ALE simulation of a drawbead, which provides similar results to an equivalent Lagrangian model yet is much faster. The second application is a 3D industrial ALE model of a 16-stand roll forming line. In this case, all attempts to perform the same simulation by using the Lagrangian formalism have been unsuccessful. [less ▲]

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See detailLa littérature scientifique dans la formation des bioingénieurs à Gembloux. Vingt années d'évolution du concept d'Information Literacy
Pochet, Bernard ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

In the education of bioengineers at Gembloux, the concept of information literacy was chosen as a guide for information literacy education. This concept describes a set of skills that allow individuals to ... [more ▼]

In the education of bioengineers at Gembloux, the concept of information literacy was chosen as a guide for information literacy education. This concept describes a set of skills that allow individuals to recognize an information need and enable them to locate, evaluate and use information needed. The concept of information literacy has evolved over the last two decades. This essay traces, through five articles and a review of the literature on the subject, the evolution of the concept. It also presents ways to implement information literacy education with a methodological approach, starting by the identification of the need of information to solve a problem to the production of a scientific communication (a homework, a conference, a scholarly paper...). This work addresses also the question of the relative invisibility of the concept of information literacy outside information specialists such as librarians. The major objective is to demonstrate that information literacy education is going well beyond the library. The skills involved are also intellectual, social and cultural skills. They include media and new information technologies and are not limited to technical or technological skills. Information literacy has become an autonomous discipline, with specific content, evolving, to talk about a didactic. Information literacy courses held in Gembloux should be considered as tools to improve the training of bioengineers and particularly the quality of their scientific publications. [less ▲]

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See detailGrimm-Rezeption in Maurice Maeterlincks Drama "Pelléas et Mélisande"
Küpper, Achim ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 07)

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See detailLes trois premiers miliards d’années d’évolution de la vie
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2012, December 07)

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See detailGermanistik in der Benelux: Kasus Belgien
Küpper, Achim ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 07)

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See detailShoulder injury prevention in sports using 3D motion capture
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; HAZEE, Amandine ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg et al

Poster (2012, December 07)

In sports, where regular and intensive training could progressively lead to traumatic situations, accurate measurement of kinematic parameters can help to predict and anticipate injuries. Overhead ... [more ▼]

In sports, where regular and intensive training could progressively lead to traumatic situations, accurate measurement of kinematic parameters can help to predict and anticipate injuries. Overhead throwing athletes may develop an increased stiffness of the shoulder capsule. The resulting diminution of the gleno-humeral range of motion is usually associated with decreased performance and injury risks. This study illustrates the detection of these situations that put the athlete at risk. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Methods for Comparing CFD Results to Experimental Measurements
Andrianne, Thomas ULg; Guissart, Amandine ULg; Terrapon, Vincent ULg et al

Scientific conference (2012, December 07)

This work presents a method for quantitative comparison of numerical results to experimental measurements. It is based on the concept of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition. This technique is selected in ... [more ▼]

This work presents a method for quantitative comparison of numerical results to experimental measurements. It is based on the concept of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition. This technique is selected in order to compare the unsteady aerodynamic flows around static and oscillating bodies obtained from wind tunnel testing and numerical simulations. Two dimensional Time-resolved Particle Image Velocimetry measurements are carried out on the upper surface a 4:1 rectangular cylinder. Simulations are performed using unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes and an unsteady Discrete Vortex Method. It is demonstrated that the proposed technique is a good preliminary step for comparing the main characteristics of unsteady aerodynamic data. [less ▲]

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See detailMens immobilis. Recherches sur le corpus latin des actes et passions d'Afrique romaine (IIe-VIe siècles)
Fialon, Sabine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

This thesis focuses on a corpus of thirty hagiographical texts from Roman North Africa, dated from the second to the sixth century. None synthesis on this corpus had been made since P. Monceaux’s work in ... [more ▼]

This thesis focuses on a corpus of thirty hagiographical texts from Roman North Africa, dated from the second to the sixth century. None synthesis on this corpus had been made since P. Monceaux’s work in the early twentieth century. In the first part, all the latin texts were collected, together with a translation and an exhaustive research of the sources : for many of them I gave a new critical edition, and a new text, the long recension of the Passion of Marciana, has been discovered. This corpus is then studied from an historical point of view. The first two sections examine these texts as evidence of the christianization of Africa, through the study of the complex phenomenon of persecutions and martyrdom. The third part illustrates the multiple potentialities of hagiographic discourse, which tends to make a new Christian hero, combination of pagan hero and of the theme of Judeo-Hellenistic Just suffering. The latter addresses the corpus as evidence of the literary culture of African elites and contributes to the cultural history of North Africa and of the circulation of ideas and works. It also discusses the question of the africitas, according to the methods of the LASLA of the University of Liège, methods applied to three passions of Caesarean Mauretania. [less ▲]

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See detailLe "basileion", les reines et Actium
Veymiers, Richard ULg

Conference (2012, December 07)

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See detailQuelques constats sur le devenir des métiers industriels
Remy, Céline ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailINFLUENCE OF MYELOPEROXIDASE ACTIVITY ON EQUINE POST-THAW SEMEN QUALITY
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg et al

in Edeas, Marvin (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd ISANH World congress on Fertility and Antioxidants (2012, December 06)

This study confirms that active MPO is associated with cellular fraction of the ejaculate, as previously suggested for total MPO concentration in thawed semen (2). However, active MPO concentrations were ... [more ▼]

This study confirms that active MPO is associated with cellular fraction of the ejaculate, as previously suggested for total MPO concentration in thawed semen (2). However, active MPO concentrations were dramatically lower than total MPO concentrations observed in equine semen (3), which could be explained by presence of inactive MPO subunits in semen. MPO activity in sperm-rich pellet can be used as a predictive marker of post-thaw semen quality. Moreover, methods to inhibit MPO should be investigated in semen. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure et fonction des communautés phytoplanctoniques en milieux côtiers marin et lagunaire (Méditerranée – Corse) dans une optique de gestion
Garrido, Marie ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Les écosystèmes côtiers contribuent de manière importante à la production primaire des océans. De par leur position géographique, ils sont particulièrement sensibles à l’eutrophisation. Le compartiment ... [more ▼]

Les écosystèmes côtiers contribuent de manière importante à la production primaire des océans. De par leur position géographique, ils sont particulièrement sensibles à l’eutrophisation. Le compartiment phytoplanctonique y joue un rôle prépondérant au regard de sa position dans la chaîne tropique, mais également en termes de diversité. Il est également capable d’intégrer et/ou de refléter les changements environnementaux qui s’opèrent à court, moyen et long terme. Cette thèse vise à renforcer les connaissances sur la dynamique et la fonction des communautés phytoplanctoniques par rapport aux conditions environnementales dans deux écosystèmes côtiers, en utilisant des techniques traditionnelles comme la microscopie, l’HPLC et d’autres plus récentes comme le Phyto-PAM et la FluoroProbe. Le littoral corse a été choisi comme site d’étude. En effet, ses 1 047 km de côtes regorgent d’écosystèmes particulièrement dynamiques, d’une richesse biologique importante et de zones d’interfaces productives (e.g. structure frontale, milieu lagunaire). Malgré cela, il existe peu de données concernant la dynamique et la fonction de ces micro-algues, aussi bien en milieu marin côtier que lagunaire. Une fréquence d’échantillonnage appropriée à l’échelle d’observation a été utilisée selon les écosystèmes étudiés et le type d’étude menée (in situ ou expérimentale), allant de prélèvements mensuels à des prélèvements journaliers. Dans un premier temps, nous avons poursuivi les efforts engagés depuis plusieurs années concernant l’amélioration des méthodes d’analyses spectrofluorimétriques nécessaires pour l’étude de la dynamique et l’analyse fonctionnelle des communautés phytoplanctoniques. Des recommandations concernant les conditions de conservation des échantillons (i.e. durée, température) ont été dégagées pour l’analyse au Phyto-PAM, afin d’affiner les limites d’utilisation de cet outil. Nous avons également testé l’utilisation de la FluoroProbe dans les écosystèmes côtiers en Méditerranée. Dans un second temps, nous avons étudié la variabilité spatio-temporelle des communautés phytoplanctoniques en milieu marin côtier (Calvi et Bastia) et en milieu lagunaire eutrophisé (Réserve Naturelle de Biguglia). Les résultats ont mis en avant une succession écologique et une structure des peuplements phytoplanctoniques différentes dans les deux écosystèmes marins côtiers étudiés, présentant des spécificités locales propres et comparés à l’échelle des zones côtières en Méditerranée. Nous avons démontré que des événements météorologiques pouvaient influencer les variations observées, agissant directement sur l’abondance des espèces ou indirectement sur les conditions du milieu (e.g. nutriments). Au niveau lagunaire, les actions de gestion mises en œuvre ont impacté la structure et l'efficacité photosynthétique des communautés phytoplanctoniques. Les modifications des flux hydrologiques ont exacerbé le caractère confiné de la lagune et des efflorescences successives d’espèces opportunistes et non profitables au réseau trophique supérieur ont été observées. Ces études ont permis de fournir une aide scientifique en ce qui concerne la prise de décision qui incombe aux acteurs de l’environnement et plus particulièrement les gestionnaires, dans une optique de gestion. [less ▲]

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