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See detailEuropean perspectives on nurse education: system, aspirations and policy
Dury, Cécile ULg

Conference (2012, October)

The Conference: the Ninth International Guanghua Nursing Conference, and the first to be held outside China. The conference has been designed to maximise shared learning of nursings contribution to health ... [more ▼]

The Conference: the Ninth International Guanghua Nursing Conference, and the first to be held outside China. The conference has been designed to maximise shared learning of nursings contribution to health delivery, education and international collaboration. It provides a unique opportunity for international and national agencies, health policy and workforce analysts, regulators, universities, academics, academic and professional nurses and health professionals to contribute to analyses of nursing across continents. The conference will be of particular interest to Chinese, UK and European universities that have an interest in participating in the ambitious Guanghua Nurse Fund scheme to enhance nursing standards in China through engaging with European universities, a scheme which is a legacy of a Prime Ministers Initiative project funded by the British Council. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the oxygen probe location in the furnace on the measured oxygen rate
Dumont, Fabien ULg

Conference (2012, October)

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See detailExpansions of Nanotechnology
van Lente, Harro; Coenen, Christopher; Fleischer, Torsten et al

in van Lente, Harro; Coenen, Christopher; Fleischer, Torsten (Eds.) et al Little by Little: Expansions of Nanoscience and Emerging Technologies (2012)

Little by little, nanotechnology has emerged amid enormous anticipations and fantastic promises of new materials, aspiring to manipulate our world “atom by atom.” While these grand visions continue to ... [more ▼]

Little by little, nanotechnology has emerged amid enormous anticipations and fantastic promises of new materials, aspiring to manipulate our world “atom by atom.” While these grand visions continue to capture the imaginations of various audiences—and continue to be contested, as well—nanotechnology has developed into more than that. During the last two decades, many research programs and industrial R&D expenditures have resulted in actual products and tangible innovations. Nanotechnology, it seems, is expanding. But what does it mean to say that nanotechnology is expanding? [less ▲]

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See detailAutofiction et métafiction dans la littérature hispanique contemporaine: le cas de Javier Cercas
Taormina, Alizé ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (2012), 3

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See detailEncoded haplotype data as input to ipPCA can better resolve population clustering
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULg; Pongsakorn, Wangkumhang; Anunchai, Assawamakin et al

Poster (2012, October)

Background Studies in population genetics are mainly based on the analysis of genetic variations among different populations. With the advent of advanced genotyping technology, large number of Single ... [more ▼]

Background Studies in population genetics are mainly based on the analysis of genetic variations among different populations. With the advent of advanced genotyping technology, large number of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) can be used to capture the underlying population variations. Iterative pruning principal component analysis (ipPCA) is a very powerful tool to cluster subpopulations based on their SNP profiles. However, when several similar populations are considered in the analysis, differentiating these populations can become very challenging. Haplotype has been known to capture more segregation information and higher power than SNP but due to high inference complexity, this concept has not been widely used. Recently, haplotype sharing (HS) was reported as a good alternative method to evaluate variation among populations. HS interrogates the entire genotyping without estimating haplotype block, making it computational efficient, yet retaining population profile. Adopting HS technique and introducing a new haplotype encoding as the input to ipPCA to perform population clustering can yield very good outcomes. Results In this study we transformed an indigenous Thai SNP genotyping data, obtained from Pan Asian SNP consortium, into encoded haplotype profiles. The dataset include 13 indigenous populations (245 individuals) composing of approximately 54K SNPs for each individual. To do this, an encoded haplotype matrix was constructed by inferring overlapping haplotype based on sliding window approach in BEAGLE, an efficient haplotype inference tool. We fed this encoded haplotype matrix to ipPCA to cluster these individuals into sub-groups using only their genetic profiles. We compared the results obtained from standard protocol of ipPCA with the one that use the encoded haplotype matrix in terms of numbers of clustered subpopulations as well as the accuracy to correctly assign an individual to a correct subpopulation. Using the encoded haplotype matrix as input to ipPCA rendered the exact 13 subpopulations to be clustered with 99.18% of individual assignment accuracy, whereas the conventional ipPCA identified only 10 subpopulations with 93.47% of individual assignment accuracy. Conclusions Our result demonstrated the great potential of using the encoded haplotype matrix with ipPCA for population genetics studies. This new protocol can promote the clustering of individuals using only their genetic profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailProposition de Règlement europén régimes matrimoniaux : le choix de la loi applicable
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Conference (2012, October)

In this presentation I review the provisions of the EU Draft Proposed Regulation on Matrimonial Property, focusing on the choice of law, in the light of the amendments suggested by the EP. Based on this ... [more ▼]

In this presentation I review the provisions of the EU Draft Proposed Regulation on Matrimonial Property, focusing on the choice of law, in the light of the amendments suggested by the EP. Based on this critical review, I offer some suggestions for amendment of the Draft Proposal. [less ▲]

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See detailCord blood for allogeneic use: Clinical and scientific aspects?
BAUDOUX, Etienne ULg; BEGUIN, Yves ULg; Benoit, Yves et al

Report (2012)

In this science-policy advisory report, the Superior Health Council issues advice on cord blood as an allogeneic source of stem cells for human clinical use

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See detailCarbon nanotube synthesis by CCVD process: kinetic study on a Ni-Mo/MgO catalyst
Douven, Sigrid ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Chan, Fang-Yue et al

Poster (2012, October)

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See detailLe territoire, foyer de croissance intelligente et durable
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Les Hors-série de Politique (2012), HS 20

L'article discute d'abord de quelques concepts : territoire, croissance intelligente, durabilité, ressources puis présente les nouveaux facteurs de développement et les nouveaux modèles de développement ... [more ▼]

L'article discute d'abord de quelques concepts : territoire, croissance intelligente, durabilité, ressources puis présente les nouveaux facteurs de développement et les nouveaux modèles de développement. Il propose ensuite quelques pistes à explorer pour "reterritorialiser" l'économie et revoir les choix de développement [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a quantitative approach to measure phospholipids in dried drops by Raman spectroscopy
Malherbe, Cédric ULg; Jadoul, Laure; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2012, October)

We present here the results obtained during our tentative to analyse quantitatively dried drops of phospholipidic solutions by Raman spectroscopy. Drops of different solutions of phospholipid were deposed ... [more ▼]

We present here the results obtained during our tentative to analyse quantitatively dried drops of phospholipidic solutions by Raman spectroscopy. Drops of different solutions of phospholipid were deposed onto different material supports. The spots were then analyses by confocal Raman microspectroscopy. Experimental settings have been optimised and the analysis of the intensity profile of the Raman signal inside the spot allows the establishment of a calibration curve for the determination of the phospholipids amount within a 1 µL solution. [less ▲]

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See detailTendinopathies et plasma riche en plaquettes : applications cliniques
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

in 5ème Congrès Commun SFMES & SFTS (2012, October)

Les lésions tendineuses représentent au sein d’une population sportive ou de travailleurs de force une proportion élevée des lésions de surcharge. Leur incidence atteint 30% des pathologies musculo ... [more ▼]

Les lésions tendineuses représentent au sein d’une population sportive ou de travailleurs de force une proportion élevée des lésions de surcharge. Leur incidence atteint 30% des pathologies musculo-squelettiques ; la douleur limite régulièrement les capacités fonctionnelles et athlétiques (1). Actuellement, ces tendinopathies demeurent un défi thérapeutique car certaines évoluent selon un mode désespérément chronique en raison de leur caractère rebelle aux différentes thérapeutiques conservatrices classiques (anti-inflammatoires, rééducation, ondes de choc...). Les infiltrations de plasma riche en plaquettes (PRP) pourraient représenter une alternative espoir thérapeutique suite aux résultats de diverses expérimentations in vitro et animales (2). Les résultats favorables relatés par les médias sportifs contrastent parfois singulièrement avec les études cliniques. Le PRP ne figure plus sur la liste des produits dopants depuis janvier 2011 (www.wada-ama.org) contrairement aux produits sanguins labiles (3).Cette revue actualise le traitement des lésions tendineuses (épicondylite, tendinopathies de coiffe, patellaire et calcanéenne) ainsi que les fasciites plantaires par plasma riche en plaquettes (3). Etant donné le caractère récent de ce traitement dans le domaine médico-sportif, les études cliniques réalisées à ce jour n’ont pas confirmé les effets bénéfiques obtenus in vitro. Certaines études démontrent une amélioration de la symptomatologie suite au traitement par PRP, mais d’autres études apparaissent contradictoires. Cependant, il est communément admis qu’après l’infiltration, une (auto-)rééducation excentrique sous-maximale progressive améliore la qualité de la cicatrisation tendineuse. Le PRP initie un processus cicatriciel, secondairement développé par le vecteur des forces excentriques (4). L’avenir du PRP nécessite une standardisation de la procédure de recueillement permettant d’éviter la collecte des globules rouges et blancs pouvant être délétères au processus cicatriciel (chaque technique produit un PRP différent (5)), ainsi que la réalisation de protocoles standardisés permettant de comparer les futurs travaux. De plus, le type de tendon exercerait-il un effet sur la réponse de guérison ? Celle-ci serait-elle différente entre certains tendons volumineux (calcanéen, patellaire) et les autres (épicondyliens, coiffe des rotateurs...) ? Références: Kaux et al. Current opinion on tendinopathy. Journal of Sports Sciences and Medicine, 2011; 10:238-253. Kaux et al. Effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of Achilles tendons of rats. Wound Repair and Regeneration, 2012 ; 5: 748-756. Smets et al. Applications cliniques du plasma riche en plaquettes (PRP) dans les lésions tendineuses : revue de la littérature. Science & Sport, 2012; 27:141-153 Kaux et al. Eccentric training improves tendon biomechanical properties: a rat model. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 2012; DOI: 10.1002/jor.22202 Kaux et al. Etude comparative de cinq techniques de préparation plaquettaire (platelet-rich plasma). Pathologie-Biologie, 2011; 59: 157-160. Plus de références sur orbi.ulg.ac.be [less ▲]

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See detailPulsational Mode Identification Based on Chromatic Amplitude Behaviour: Recent Results for Rapidly Oscillating Subdwarf B Stars
Randall, S.K.; Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2012, October), 462

We present recent results from mode identification based on the amplitude-wavelength behaviour for three rapidly pulsating subdwarf B stars: HS 2201+2610, EC 11583–2708 and EC 20338–1925.

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See detailPolicy search in a space of simple closed-form formulas: towards interpretability of reinforcement learning
Maes, Francis ULg; Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg et al

in Discovery Science 15th International Conference, DS 2012, Lyon, France, October 29-31, 2012. Proceedings (2012, October)

In this paper, we address the problem of computing interpretable solutions to reinforcement learning (RL) problems. To this end, we propose a search algorithm over a space of simple losed-form formulas ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we address the problem of computing interpretable solutions to reinforcement learning (RL) problems. To this end, we propose a search algorithm over a space of simple losed-form formulas that are used to rank actions. We formalize the search for a high-performance policy as a multi-armed bandit problem where each arm corresponds to a candidate policy canonically represented by its shortest formula-based representation. Experiments, conducted on standard benchmarks, show that this approach manages to determine both efficient and interpretable solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailConceptualizing, Measuring and Financing the Legacy Costs in an NDC Reform
Jousten, Alain ULg; Holzmann, Robert

in Journal of Pension Economics & Finance (2012), 11(4), 606-630

The paper provides a framework for the conceptualization, definition and measurement of the legacy costs that needs to be addressed in a reform that transforms an unfunded (or non‐financial) defined ... [more ▼]

The paper provides a framework for the conceptualization, definition and measurement of the legacy costs that needs to be addressed in a reform that transforms an unfunded (or non‐financial) defined benefit (NDB) scheme into an equally unfunded notional (or non‐financial) defined contribution (NDC) scheme. During a transition from NDB to NDC a financing gap typically arises due to accrued to date liabilities from the old system in excess of the NDC scheme’s sustainable flow of benefits. This gap ‐ or legacy cost ‐ needs to be estimated and financed. We illustrate different techniques to gauge the scope of the cost. The paper applies the proposed approach to a hypothetical NDC reform in China. [less ▲]

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See detailA design for living: metaleptic devices and trends of gnostic imagination in contemporary science-fiction
Claisse, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2012, October)

As a narrative pattern and a cultural motif, the confusion between fictional worlds and reality traditionally leads to metaphysical arguments about liberty and destiny. Despite their drawing heavily on ... [more ▼]

As a narrative pattern and a cultural motif, the confusion between fictional worlds and reality traditionally leads to metaphysical arguments about liberty and destiny. Despite their drawing heavily on scientific imagination and technoscientific artefacts, science fiction movies exploring that theme never really broke with the way it has been treated since Calderon de la Barca’s Life is a dream: the hero’s quest leads him to doubt his own identity and dispute the ontological status of the world he lives in, leaving him and the viewer perplexed as to the ultimate nature of things. Yet, in the last fifteen years, an increasing number of science-fiction movies renewed that interrogation, notably by placing the issue of design at the centre of the plot: fictional worlds are not only denounced as fictional, but also shown as works in progress, literally rebuilt according to the plan of not-so-hidden designers acting as demiurges. In Dark City, Vanilla Sky or, more recently, Inception and The Adjustment Bureau, the emphasis on design and architecture together with the use of computational metaphors result in the promotion of one particular world to the status of “reference” universe, to be held as more “real” than other, fabricated and computed worlds made accessible by sophisticated devices operating as metaleptic instruments (such as Neo’s cable plug or the “bio-ports” in ExistenZ). This paper wishes to explore this shift towards “gnostic", Matrix-like science-fictional narratives, particularly in relation to the dramatic development of networking and surveillance capabilities that occurred during the same period. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilial Pituitary Syndromes
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2012, October)

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See detailLettre d'information trimestrielle N°7 Projet Dacefi
Meunier, Quentin; Boldrini, Sylvie ULg; Boukouendji, B. et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

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