References of "2012"
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See detailIntroduction générale : les organisations régionales dans les relations internationales
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Santander, Sébastian (Ed.) Relations internationales et régionalisme. Entre dynamiques internes et projections mondiales (2012)

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See detailConcept of a mobile automatic milking system and first results at grazing
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg

in Proceedings 2nd meeting EGF Working Group Grazing - Innovation in grazing (2012, October)

In Europe, farmers have to manage larger herds but, at the same time, want to have a normal social life. So, the automatic milking system (AMS) can bring solutions. This technology implies in most cases ... [more ▼]

In Europe, farmers have to manage larger herds but, at the same time, want to have a normal social life. So, the automatic milking system (AMS) can bring solutions. This technology implies in most cases, the cessation of grazing although grazing is appreciated by the consumers who consider it to be a natural practice. At the experimental farm of the University of Liege, the concept of a mobile milking robot has been developed with a private company. The prototype is used indoors during the winter season and is moved outdoors during the grazing season in pastures romote from the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailCultiver d’autres expertises sur les sciences et les technologies
Thoreau, François ULg

in Revue Nouvelle (2012), 10

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See detailCharacterisation of pregnancy losses after embryo transfer by measuring plasma progesterone and bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 concentrations
Breukelman, S. P.; Perényi, Z.; Taverne, M. A. M. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2012), 194(1), 71-76

The aim of this analysis was to determine whether pregnancy loss (PL) after embryo transfer (ET) in cattle was related to maternal progesterone (P4) concentrations during and shortly after ET, and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this analysis was to determine whether pregnancy loss (PL) after embryo transfer (ET) in cattle was related to maternal progesterone (P4) concentrations during and shortly after ET, and maternal bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (bPAG-1) concentrations in plasma at days 25–35 of gestation. Embryos (n = 260) were produced either in vivo after superovulation (n = 115), or in vitro from oocytes (obtained with ovum pick-up) in co-culture (n = 44) or cultured in a synthetic medium (n = 101). Overall, PL was 56.9% (148) and no significant differences occurred in calving rate among the three embryo production groups. There was no difference in P4 concentrations on days 7–14 of gestation in the three groups, nor between ongoing and interrupted pregnancies. Between days 25 and 35 of pregnancy, bPAG-1 concentrations were unaffected by embryo production, but in cattle that had PL between days 26 and 120, four bPAG-1 profiles could be detected. Between days 25 and 32, bPAG-1 concentrations were influenced by PL, and concentrations were significantly lower in animals in which PL occurred between days 26 and 120 than in those animals that aborted later or calved at term. Early P4 concentrations suggested that maternal luteal factors were not responsible for PL which appeared to be caused by impaired conceptus development (regardless of embryo type) as reflected by low maternal bPAG-1 concentrations prior to embryonic death [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of a new thermo-mechanical model for the study of the nuclear waste disposal in clay rocks
Dizier, A.; François, B.; Collin, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2012, October)

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See detailGalaxy counterparts of intervening high-z sub-DLAs/DLAs and Mg ii absorbers towards gamma-ray bursts
Schulze, steve; Letawe, Géraldine ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2012), 546(A20),

We present the first search for galaxy counterparts of intervening high-z (2 < z < 3.6) sub-damped Lyα absorbers (sub-DLAs) and DLAs towards gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Our final sample comprises five ... [more ▼]

We present the first search for galaxy counterparts of intervening high-z (2 < z < 3.6) sub-damped Lyα absorbers (sub-DLAs) and DLAs towards gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Our final sample comprises five intervening sub-DLAs and DLAs in four GRB fields. To identify candidate galaxy counterparts of the absorbers we used deep optical- and near-infrared imaging, and low-, mid- and high-resolution spectroscopy acquired with 6-m to 10-m class telescopes, the Hubble and the Spitzer Space Telescopes. Furthermore, we used the spectroscopic information and spectral-energy-distribution fitting techniques to study them in detail. Our main result is the detection and spectroscopic confirmation of the galaxy counterpart of the intervening DLA at z = 3.096 in the field of GRB 070721B (zGRB = 3.6298) as proposed by other authors. We also identify good candidates for the galaxy counterparts of the two strong Mg ii absorbers at z = 0.6915 and 1.4288 towards GRB 050820A (zGRB = 2.615). The properties of the detected DLA galaxy are typical for Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) at similar redshifts; a young, highly star-forming galaxy that shows evidence for a galactic outflow. This supports thehypothesis that a DLA can be the gaseous halo of an LBG. In addition, we report a redshift coincidence of different objects associated with metal lines in the same field, separated by 130–161 kpc. The high detection rate of three correlated structures on a length scale as short as ~150 kpc in two pairs of lines of sight is intriguing. The absorbers in each of these are most likely not part of the same gravitationally bound structure. They more likely represent groups of galaxies. [less ▲]

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See detailEUV high resolution imager on-board Solar Orbiter: optical design and detector performances.
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Mazzoli, Alexandra ULg; Rochus, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2012, October)

The EUV high resolution imager (HRI) channel of the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board Solar Orbiter will observe the solar atmospheric layers at 17.4 nm wavelength with a 200 km resolution. The ... [more ▼]

The EUV high resolution imager (HRI) channel of the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board Solar Orbiter will observe the solar atmospheric layers at 17.4 nm wavelength with a 200 km resolution. The HRI channel is based on a compact two mirrors off-axis design. The spectral selection is obtained by a multilayer coating deposited on the mirrors and by redundant Aluminum filters rejecting the visible and infrared light. The detector is a 2k x 2k array back-thinned silicon CMOS-APS with 10 µm pixel pitch, sensitive in the EUV wavelength range. Due to the instrument compactness and the constraints on the optical design, the channel performance is very sensitive to the manufacturing, alignments and settling errors. A trade-off between two optical layouts was therefore performed to select the final optical design and to improve the mirror mounts. The effect of diffraction by the filter mesh support and by the mirror diffusion has been included in the overall error budget. Manufacturing of mirror and mounts has started and will result in thermo-mechanical validation on the EUI instrument structural and thermal model (STM). Because of the limited channel entrance aperture and consequently the low input flux, the channel performance also relies on the detector EUV sensitivity, readout noise and dynamic range. Based on the characterization of a CMOS-APS back-side detector prototype, showing promising results, the EUI detector has been specified and is under development. These detectors will undergo a qualification program before being tested and integrated on the EUI instrument. [less ▲]

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See detailLes risques naturels
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Fallon, Catherine; Ozer, Pierre (Eds.) et al Articuler risques, planification d'urgence et gestion de crise (2012)

Un aléa important, ici un séisme, devient une catastrophe naturelle majeure car la vulnérabilité sociétale et technique se conjugue à une très faible capacité de réponse (ou résilience) sur les court ... [more ▼]

Un aléa important, ici un séisme, devient une catastrophe naturelle majeure car la vulnérabilité sociétale et technique se conjugue à une très faible capacité de réponse (ou résilience) sur les court, moyen et long termes face à une crise. Les pages qui suivent décortiquent comment un risque naturel se transforme en catastrophe et les différentes possibilités qui s’offrent à nos sociétés pour réduire tant l’aléa que la vulnérabilité. [less ▲]

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See detailSaint Jean Baptiste in disco
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg; Baert, Barbara; Vanhauwaert, Soetkin

in Liège Museum : Bulletin des Musées de la Ville de Liège (2012), hors série

Ce numéro hors série de "Liège Museum" a été publié à l'occasion du dépôt d'une oeuvre exceptionnelle de Jan van Steffeswert, au Musée Grand Curtius (Liège). Dans un premier chapitre, Barbara Baert et ... [more ▼]

Ce numéro hors série de "Liège Museum" a été publié à l'occasion du dépôt d'une oeuvre exceptionnelle de Jan van Steffeswert, au Musée Grand Curtius (Liège). Dans un premier chapitre, Barbara Baert et Soetkin Vanhauwaert traitent des plateaux de saint Jean Baptiste en général en tant que "phénomène médiéval". Dans un second chapitre, Benoît Van den Bossche se penche plus précisément sur l'oeuvre désormais conservée au musée. [less ▲]

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See detailRaymond Lemaire et les débuts de la rénovation urbaine à Bruxelles
Houbart, Claudine ULg

in Urban History Review / Revue d'histoire urbaine (2012), XLI(2), 37-56

Since the end of the 1960s, the archaeologist Raymond Lemaire, professor at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, has contributed to the questioning of the urban renovation methods adopted by the ... [more ▼]

Since the end of the 1960s, the archaeologist Raymond Lemaire, professor at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, has contributed to the questioning of the urban renovation methods adopted by the technical department of the City of Brussels administration for the most ancien districts of the historic centre. Through his role as an expert for the association « Quartier des Arts », he is entrusted with several studies aiming at the adoption of normative plans for some building blocks of high heritage interest. This allows him to put the principles he contributes to define, at the same moment, within international organizations such as ICOMOS or the Council of Europe, to the test of reality. Our contribution aims, through the significant example of the renovation of the « Sainte-Anne district », to throw light on this key moment of Brussels urbanism’s recent history and to take a critical look at Raymond Lemaire’s work. [less ▲]

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See detailInvariances et ruptures dans le Mercosur
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Santander, Sébastian (Ed.) Relations internationales et régionalisme. Entre dynamiques internes et projections mondiales (2012)

Cette contribution se penche sur le mode de gouvernance régionale mis en place au travers du Marché commun du sud (Mercosur). En vingt ans d’existence, ce dernier est parvenu à se doter d’une série de ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution se penche sur le mode de gouvernance régionale mis en place au travers du Marché commun du sud (Mercosur). En vingt ans d’existence, ce dernier est parvenu à se doter d’une série de stratégies et d’institutions communes. Il se démarque par sa nature multidimensionnelle et partant se veut une forme de laboratoire des modes de coopération dans des domaines aussi variés que l’économie, le commerce, l’enseignement ou le politique. Toutefois, l’intégration régionale est définie et contrôlée principalement par les États qui la composent et la défense des intérêts nationaux se fait souvent au détriment des engagements communautaires occasionnant d’âpres conflits intrarégionaux. Cette situation révèle les grandes difficultés des instances régionales à résoudre sereinement les différends entre États. Enfin, contrairement aux prédictions, le nationalisme économique et radicalisme politique de cette dernière décennie ne favorisent pas la consolidation de l’intégration et la cohésion régionale. [less ▲]

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See detailHepatitis E virus infection in domestic swine, wild boar and human in Belgium
Thiry, Damien ULg; Mauroy, Axel ULg; Brochier, Bernard et al

Conference (2012, October)

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See detailRelations internationales et régionalisme. Entre dynamiques internes et projections mondiales
Santander, Sébastian ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2012)

Le concept de régionalisme tel qu’appréhendé dans cet ouvrage se réfère à des régions mondiales qui constituent une dimension médiane entre l’échelon étatique et le système mondial. Depuis l’Après-guerre ... [more ▼]

Le concept de régionalisme tel qu’appréhendé dans cet ouvrage se réfère à des régions mondiales qui constituent une dimension médiane entre l’échelon étatique et le système mondial. Depuis l’Après-guerre, le monde a fait face à plusieurs vagues et types de régionalismes. Toutefois, c’est dans le contexte post-bipolaire et de l’accélération de la mondialisation que le régionalisme devient un phénomène à l’échelle mondiale. Aucun continent n’est épargné. Il s’agit d’un phénomène complexe et multiple qui ne se développe pas de manière uniforme. Il est dotés de stratégies collectives, investit par des acteurs tant publics que privés et/ou habités par des institutions et règles communes. Il peut être un simple espace d’action ou se transformer en acteur de la scène internationale. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relationships between anomia and short-term memory deficits
Verhaegen, Clémence ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg

Poster (2012, October)

Anomia is the most common symptom of language dysfunction occurring in aphasia. Moreover, verbal short-term memory (STM) impairments are a frequent characteristic of aphasic syndromes. However, the nature ... [more ▼]

Anomia is the most common symptom of language dysfunction occurring in aphasia. Moreover, verbal short-term memory (STM) impairments are a frequent characteristic of aphasic syndromes. However, the nature of these deficits and their relationships to language production impairments in these patients are still debated. Recent STM models have been proposed incorporating relationships between language representations and STM, including distinct capacities for temporary storage of phonological and lexical-semantic information (N. Martin & Saffran, 1992; R. Martin, Lesch, & Bartha, 1999). This study explores the relationships between anomia and STM deficits. We assume that a naming impairment may be related to either a phonological STM impairment with preserved lexical-semantic STM or to an impaired lexical-semantic STM with preserved phonological STM. We tested these predictions in two aphasic patients, BN and TM. Phonological STM was assessed using a rhyme-probe task (R. Martin et al., 1999) and a lexical-decision task, each target word being preceded by a phonologically related prime word. Lexical-semantic STM was assessed by a category-probe task and a lexical-decision task with semantically related primes. BN was impaired on the rhyme-probe task and presented a reversed phonological priming effect, suggesting phonological STM impairment. However, she presented normal performance on the category-probe task and a normal semantic priming effect. By contrast, TM performed normally on the rhyme-probe and phonological lexical-decision tasks but was impaired on the category-probe task and presented no semantic priming effect, indicating lexical-semantic STM impairment. Moreover, both patients’ word retrieval capacity, as assessed with a picture naming task, was impaired. BN produced phonological paraphasias, repetitive self-corrections and presented an increased length effect. We assume that BN’s errors and effects may be related to her phonological STM deficit. TM instead produced semantic paraphasias, omissions and circumlocutions and presented an increased frequency effect. These errors and effects may be related to his lexical-semantic STM deficit. Results show a double dissociation between phonological and lexical-semantic STM deficits. Furthermore, the patients’ naming patterns seem to indicate that their naming impairment may be related to a selective STM deficit. The results are discussed within the STM framework of N. Martin and Saffran (1992). Martin, N., & Saffran, E. (1992). A computational account of deep dysphasia: evidence from a single case study. Brain and Language, 43(1), 240-274. Martin, R. C., Lesch, M. F., & Bartha, M. C. (1999). Independence of input and output phonology in word processing and short-term memory. Journal of Memory and Language, 41(1), 3-29. [less ▲]

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See detailCobalt-mediated radical (co)polymerization of vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate
Piette, Yasmine; Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2012), 3(10), 2880-2891

The cobalt mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl chloride (VC) in the presence of bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) (Co(acac)2) as a controlling agent is presented for the first time. Using an ... [more ▼]

The cobalt mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) of vinyl chloride (VC) in the presence of bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) (Co(acac)2) as a controlling agent is presented for the first time. Using an alkyl-Co(III) compound (R0–(CH2–CHOAc)<4–Co(acac)2; R0 = (H3C)2(OCH3)C–CH2–C(CH3)(CN)–) as an initiator, the bulk polymerization under non-isotherm conditions is controlled. 1H NMR spectra of the resulting PVC show that the CMRP process does not significantly affect the level of defects compared to a PVC prepared by a conventional free radical polymerization at the same temperature. Using the same alkyl-cobalt(III) compound, the copolymerization of VC and VAc is controlled at 40 °C provided that enough VAc (about 40 mol%) is present in the polymerization medium to moderate the VC polymerization. In line with reactivity ratios, VC is preferentially incorporated in the polymer at the early stages of the polymerization, leading to copolymers with a high VC content at moderate conversions. This is the first report of a CMRP of VC and of the synthesis of well-defined statistical PVC-co-PVAc copolymers by this technique. [less ▲]

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See detailCapitalisme, Accumulation et Lutte de Classes (Argumentaire séminaire du GRM 2012-2013)
Cavazzini, Andrea ULg; Carlino, Fabrizio; Rampazzo Bazzan, Marco et al

Diverse speeche and writing (2012)

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