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See detailPrincipal disease and Insect pests of Jatropha curcas L. in the lower valley of the Senegal river
Terren, Marieke ULg; Mignon, Jacques ULg; De Clerck, Caroline ULg et al

in Tropicultura (2012), 30(4), 222-229

Jatropha curcas L. seed oil is proven to be toxic to many microorganisms, insects and animals. Despite its toxicity, Jatropha is not pest and disease resistant. The following major pests and diseases ... [more ▼]

Jatropha curcas L. seed oil is proven to be toxic to many microorganisms, insects and animals. Despite its toxicity, Jatropha is not pest and disease resistant. The following major pests and diseases affecting Jatropha in the lower valley of the Senegal river have been identified: the leaf miner Stomphastis thraustica (Meyrick, 1908) (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), the leaf and stem miner Pempelia morosalis (Saalmuller, 1880) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) and the shield-backed bug Calidea panaethiopica (Kirkaldy, 1909) (Heteroptera, Scutelleridae), which can cause flower and fruit abortion. Damage from these pests was particularly great during the second year after the plantations were set up (2009) and before later receding. Nevertheless, the worst attacks were caused by a vascular disease transmitted through the soil, which killed 65% of the plants in four years. It is mainly characterised by collar and root rot, which causes foliage to yellow and wilt, before the plant eventually dies. These threats should increase if larger areas are planted with Jatropha. Considering the scale of the damage caused by these attacks in Bokhol, the development of an integrated pest management programme adapted to the local context should be considered. [less ▲]

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See detailAttempted cultivation of Jatropha curcas L. in the lower Senegal river valley: story of a failure
Terren, Marieke ULg; Saverys; Jacquet de Haveskercke, Paul et al

in Tropicultura (2012), 30(4), 204-208

With the objective of determining whether it would be possible to sustainably produce Jatropha curcas L. seeds on the marginal land situated close to the Senegal River, a 6-hectare pilot plantation was ... [more ▼]

With the objective of determining whether it would be possible to sustainably produce Jatropha curcas L. seeds on the marginal land situated close to the Senegal River, a 6-hectare pilot plantation was cultivated under drip irrigation between September 2007-November 2011, close to the village of Bokhol (Lat. 16°31’N, Long. 15°23’W). A series of tests were conducted on this plot, in order to identify the best cultivation methods for the area (date, density and method of planting, appropriate type of pruning, fertilisers to be applied, irrigation method, etc.). The average yields obtained at this site, after four years of cultivation (less than 500 kg.ha-1 of dry seed), using the best known production techniques, are significantly lower than anticipated, compared to the available figures for the irrigated cultivation of Jatropha in other parts of the world. The main causes of this failure are the plant’s limited useful vegetation period of six months per year, instead of twelve, and the scale of attacks by a soilborne vascular disease, which destroyed over 60% of the plantation within four years. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of Production and Preliminary Characterization of New Exopolysaccharides from Gluconacetobacter hansenii LMG1524
Valepyn, Emmanuel ULg; Berezina, Nathalie; Paquot, Michel ULg

in Advances in Microbiology (2012), 2(4), 488-496

The influence of different carbon and nitrogen sources, of ethanol concentration, the optimal pH, temperature and me-dium composition were evaluated on extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) synthesis and ... [more ▼]

The influence of different carbon and nitrogen sources, of ethanol concentration, the optimal pH, temperature and me-dium composition were evaluated on extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) synthesis and bacterial growth of Gluconace-tobacter hansenii LMG1524, and preliminary characterization of EPS was investigated. The highest EPS yields were obtained using glycerol and ammonium sulphate as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. The increase of ethanol concentration in the medium did not influence the EPS synthesis but reduced the bacterial growth. The optimum tem-perature and pH for polysaccharides production were respectively 25 °C and 5; whereas for cell growth were respec-tively 30 °C and 4. The optimal culture medium composition was determined as follows : 10 g/L sucrose, 0.892 g/L (NH4)2SO4, 0.34 g/L NaNO3, 3 mL acetic acid, 1.5 g/L KH2PO4, 1.5 g/L K2HPO4 and 0.6 g/L MgSO4. The polysaccha-rides produced were of 14 and 10 polymerization degrees (DP) and constituted mainly of glucose, galactose and man-nose, in relative percent of 36.36, 33.94 and 22.42, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailAlzheimer: la qualité de vie peut être préservée
Missotten, Pierre ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2012)

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See detailEl escritor más importante de la España contemporánea
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailEl madrileñismo: análisis de un movimiento contradictorio
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailWIP1 deficiency inhibits HTLV-1 Tax oncogenesis: novel therapeutic prospects for treatment of ATL?
Gillet, Nicolas ULg; Carpentier, Alexandre ULg; Barez, Pierre-Yves ULg et al

in Retrovirology (2012), 9(1), 115

Attenuation of p53 activity appears to be a major step in Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax transformation. However, p53 genomic mutations are late and rather infrequent events in HTLV-1 ... [more ▼]

Attenuation of p53 activity appears to be a major step in Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax transformation. However, p53 genomic mutations are late and rather infrequent events in HTLV-1 induced Adult T cell leukemia (ATL). The paper by Zane et al. shows that a mediator of p53 activity, Wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1), contributes to Tax-induced oncogenesis in a mouse model. Wip1 may therefore be a novel target for therapeutic approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailVisualisation et mathématisation
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg; Badir, Sémir ULg

Book published by Pulim (2012)

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See detailRépétition, isotopie, tensivité
Lindenberg Lemos, Carolina ULg

in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2012)

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See detailEtude chémo-écologique et comportementale du parasitoïde, Nasonia vitripennis Walker (Hym., Pteromalidae), en vue de son utilisation comme biodétecteur en entomologie forensique
Frederickx, Christine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Most reports published in the field of forensic entomology are focused on Diptera, mostly on Calliphoridae. However, Hymenoptera are part of the entomofaunal colonisation of a dead body. Despite their ... [more ▼]

Most reports published in the field of forensic entomology are focused on Diptera, mostly on Calliphoridae. However, Hymenoptera are part of the entomofaunal colonisation of a dead body. Despite their significant presence in crime scenes, parasitoids are largely ignored due to their small size and the paucity of biological and behavioral information available in the ecosystem of corpse. The use of Hymenoptera parasitoids in forensic entomology can be relevant to many applications such as development of a biodectector. The objectives of this thesis were (1) to identify the Hymenoptera community parasitizing necrophagous Diptera, (2) to identify volatile organic compounds emitted by decaying process and by hosts which facilitate host-habitat and host location by female Nasonia vitripennis Walker (3) to evaluate the species N. vitripennis as biodectector of corpses. The faunistic study has identified five species of Hymenoptera in cadaver ecosystem. Alysia manducator was the most abundant Braconidae species. However, N. vitripennis was chosen as insect model; because over the last 50 years, this wasp has been intensely investigated in the subject of genetic, ecological and evolutionary research. A chemo-ecological approach, combining EAG and behavioral studies, was used on N. vitripennis with selected compounds from the decay process and their hosts. Firstly, we have demonstrated that host- habitat location and host location were dependent on the concentration of volatile organic compounds tested. In addition, dimethyldisulfide, a key component of decomposition and also released by Calliphora vicina Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera, Calliphoridae) pupae, has a biological activity. Secondly, we have showed that rate of parasitism was based on the age of pupa, depth and substrate in which larvae burrow. This rate is the most important when pupae were six day-old, on the surface of soil and in a soil with a granulometry greater than 1mm. Moreover, N. vitripennis expanded our potential resource in biosensor used in forensic science. Females demonstrated a capacity for learning and memory. [less ▲]

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See detailDystopies de fin du monde. Une poétique littéraire du désastre
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in Culture, le Magazine Culturel de l'Université de Liège (2012)

Le récit d’anticipation négatif développe une réflexion sur la cohésion d’une société à travers l’histoire d’une communauté humaine dont l’organisation collective et les bases sociales sont fragilisées ... [more ▼]

Le récit d’anticipation négatif développe une réflexion sur la cohésion d’une société à travers l’histoire d’une communauté humaine dont l’organisation collective et les bases sociales sont fragilisées, voire détruites. Ce genre littéraire ne s’apparente pas seulement au roman cataclysmique ou aux multiples scénarios de la guerre future. Il se rapproche aussi des ambitions de la politique-fiction et des procédés de l’anticipation scientifique. Entre 1830, date des premières anti-utopies constituées en récit, et 1950, moment de convergence de ces récits avec la science-fiction naissante, la production dystopique francophone s’avère riche, complexe et encore peu étudiée. D’Albert Robida à René Barjavel, nombreux sont pourtant les récits à (re-)considérer sous cet angle. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact des services publics et sociaux sur le revenu des ménages belges
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Fortemps, Françoise ULg; Sak, Barbara

in D'autres Repères (2012)

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See detailConférence-débat "Comment enseigner les médias en secondaire ?"
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 20)

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See detailHyperuricémie et risque cardiovasculaire dans la maladie rénale chronique
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 20)

Plusieurs études de populations ont noté qu’une hyperuricémie peut favoriser l’apparition d’une insuffisance rénale. Par ce biais, l’hyperuricémie participerait au risque CV de l’IRC! Acide urique accru ... [more ▼]

Plusieurs études de populations ont noté qu’une hyperuricémie peut favoriser l’apparition d’une insuffisance rénale. Par ce biais, l’hyperuricémie participerait au risque CV de l’IRC! Acide urique accru: bon, mauvais ou indifférent? Rôle antioxydant à concentration normale A concentration élevée, épidémiologie en faveur d’un rôle délétère sur le plan CV et rénal (marqueur ou acteur?). Participe à la dysfonction endothéliale, à la stimulation du SRA, au stress oxydant et à l’inflammation, tous facteurs de risque CV. Rôle dans l’initiation et la progression de l’IRénale Cependant, EBM non prouvé de l’intérêt du traitement IXO Manque cruel d’études multicentriques, randomisées, contrôlées sur l’intérêt d’une baisse de l’acide urique par un IXO pour la protection CV et rénale ! [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the physiological component involved in the development of crown rot in bananas and the role of phenolics in susceptibility variation mechanisms
Ewane, Cécile ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Crown rot is a post-harvest disease caused by a broad unspecific and opportunistic parasitic complex, which affects the quality of export bananas in Cameroon, as well as in most of the production areas ... [more ▼]

Crown rot is a post-harvest disease caused by a broad unspecific and opportunistic parasitic complex, which affects the quality of export bananas in Cameroon, as well as in most of the production areas around the world. The originality of this research is that it is sets out, not only to investigate on the conditions surrounding the development of the disease and the variable factors of fruit’s susceptibility, but equally to characterize the phenolic content of the banana crown with differential susceptibility levels. The study therefore aims at showing the influence of abiotic and biotic factors on the fruit’s physiological component at harvest and the involvement of phenolic compounds in the mechanism staked in fruit’s susceptibility variations to this pathology. At the end of this study, it appears that abiotic and biotic factors influence the fruit’s physiological component at harvest, affecting thus its susceptibility level and therefore favours the development of crown rot disease. The reliability of internal necrosis surface (INS) assessments method was improved. The influence of abiotic factors (production area and harvest date) on fruit susceptibility was demonstrated without season influence. Fruits grown in high altitudes (Ekona, 500 m) were less susceptible to crown rot than the ones grown in low altitudes (Dia-Dia, Koumba, 80 m). It was noticed that at certain harvest dates within the rainy season, fruit susceptibility was higher in plantations with low altitudes. Concerning biotic factors, Mycosphaerella leaf spot disease’s influence was shown in two geographical areas. In Cameroon, black leaf streak disease significantly influenced banana’s sensitivity to crown rot (P< 0.001). In Guadeloupe, Sigatoka disease had no effect (P> 0.05) on banana’s susceptibility to the development of crown rot disease. The influence of the source-sink ratio variations, an abiotic factor, on fruit physiology could explain these differences. The influence of severe source-sink ratio modification on fruit susceptibility to crown rot was shown. Fruits with low source-sink ratio were the most susceptible. Bananas of extreme modalities (12leaves/1hand, 1leaf/8hands) and with differential susceptibility (S-, S+) to crown rot were used for the biochemical characterization of their phenolic content at two stages: the day of harvest before inoculation (dhbi) and 13 days post-inoculation (13dpi) by chromatographic methods (GC-MS, HPLC, LC-MS). Dopamine was identified as the major secondary metabolite (phenolic alkaloid) in banana crown. Norepinephrine and normetanephrine levels were high in the dhbi, especially in the S+ crowns. Hydroxycinnamic acids (ferulic acid, coumaric acid and their derivatives) and other unidentified compounds were accumulated in highly significant quantities (P <0.001) in the dhbi in the less susceptible crown (S-) as compared to the susceptible ones (S+), with decreased 13dpi mostly in the susceptible fruits (S+). These results suggest a possible role of these phenolics in banana crown biochemical defense. However, the main role of each phenolic detected in the susceptibility variations mechanism remains unclear. This study is the starting point to understanding the function(s) of phenolics in banana crown defense. This is a pioneer study on the influence of abiotic and biotic factors on the banana fruit’s physiological component at harvest through the assessment of their incidence on crown rot development. This work appears to be the first to link the level of fruit’s susceptibility at two stages (dhbi and13dpi) with their crown phenolic content. [less ▲]

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