References of "2011"
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See detailInventaire des archives de la Compagnie générale des Conduites d'Eau (1865-1965)
Delvaux, Anne-Catherine ULg

Book published by Archives générales du Royaume (2011)

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See detailPredictive modelling of the combined effect of temperature and water activity (aw) on the in vitro growth of Erwinia spp infecting potato tubers in Belgium
Moh, Augustin; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Lahlali, Rachid et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 378-386

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See detailDoes Tribolium brevicornis cuticular chemistry deter cannibalism and predation of pupae?
Alabi, Taoffic; Dean, Jennifer; Michaud, Jean-Pierre et al

in Journal of Insect Science [=JIS] (2011), 11

The cuticular hydrocarbons of insects are species-specific and often function as semiochemicals. The activity of Tribolium brevicornis cuticular hydrocarbons as feeding deterrents that ostensibly function ... [more ▼]

The cuticular hydrocarbons of insects are species-specific and often function as semiochemicals. The activity of Tribolium brevicornis cuticular hydrocarbons as feeding deterrents that ostensibly function to prevent pupal cannibalism and predation was evaluated. The cuticular hydrocarbons of T. brevicornis pupae were characterized and flour disk bioassays conducted with individual and combined extract components incorporated into artificial diets on which Tribolium adults fed for six days. Feeding by T. brevicornis and T. castaneum on flour disks containing cuticular extracts of T. brevicornis pupae resulted in reduced consumption and weight loss relative to feeding on control flour disks. In both cases, feeding deterrence indices exceeded 80% suggesting that T. brevicornis cuticular hydrocarbons could function to deter cannibalism and predation of pupae by larvae and adult beetles. Sixteen different cuticular hydrocarbons were identified in T. brevicornis pupal extracts. Eight of the commercially available linear alkanes were tested individually in feeding trials with eight Tribolium species. One compound (C28) significantly reduced the amount of food consumed by three species compared to control disks, whereas the compounds C25, C26, and C27elicited increased feeding in some species. Four other compounds had no effect on consumption for any species. When four hydrocarbon mixtures were tested for synergistic deterrence on T. brevicornis and T. castaneum, none significantly influenced consumption. Our results indicate that the cuticular chemistry of T. brevicornis pupae could serve to deter predation by conspecific and congeneric beetles. [less ▲]

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See detailLa négociation des contrats publics en cours d'exécution et le droit communautaire
Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

in Jaarboek Overheidsopdrachten (2011)

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See detailIdentification and characterization of novel galectin-9 splice variants in endothelial cells
Heusschen, Roy ULg; De Bree, Martijn; Griffioen, Arjan et al

in Cancer Research (2011)

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See detailGenou douloureux de l'enfant sportif
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Learning material (2011)

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See detailAvantages matrimoniaux. Notion, clauses dissymétriques, impact fiscal
Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg

in Van Gysel, A. (Ed.) Conjugalité et décès (2011)

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See detailA coupled two-scale computational scheme for the failure of periodic quasi-brittle thin planar shells and its application to masonry
Mercatoris, Benoît ULg; Massart, T. J.

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2011), 85(9), 1177-1206

This paper presents a multi-scale framework for the failure of periodic quasi-brittle thin planar shells. The failure behavior of textured or periodic heterogeneous materials is strongly influenced by ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a multi-scale framework for the failure of periodic quasi-brittle thin planar shells. The failure behavior of textured or periodic heterogeneous materials is strongly influenced by their mesostructure. Their periodicity and the quasi-brittle nature of their constituents result in complex behaviors such as damage-induced anisotropy properties with localization of damage, which are difficult to model by means of macroscopic closed-form constitutive laws. A computational homogenization procedure is used for the in-plane and out-of-plane behavior of such planar shells, and is combined with an acoustic tensor-based failure detection adapted to shell kinematics to detect the structural-scale failure. Based on an assumption of single period failure, the localization of damage at the structural scale is represented by means of mesostructurally informed embedded strong discontinuities incorporated in the macroscopic shell description. A new enhanced scale transition is outlined for shell failure, based on an approximate energy consistency argument to objectively upscale the energy dissipation. The corresponding multi-scale framework results are compared with direct fine-scale modeling results used as a reference for the case of masonry, showing good agreement in terms of the load-bearing capacity, of failure mechanisms and of associated energy dissipation. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailInventaire des archives de la Société anonyme métallurgique d'Espérance-Longdoz (1806-1971)
Delvaux, Anne-Catherine ULg

Book published by Archives générales du Royaume (2011)

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See detailProblèmes du bilinguisme dans l'Antiquité gréco-romaine
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Genet, Jean-Philippe (Ed.) Langues et histoire. Actes du colloque de l'Ecole doctorale d'histoire de Paris 1 INHA, 20 et 21 octobre 2006 (2011)

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See detailA hybrid bioregulatory model of angiogenesis during bone fracture healing
Peiffer, Veronique; Gerisch, Alf; Vandepitte, Dirk et al

in Biomechanics & Modeling in Mechanobiology (2011), 10(3), 383-395

Bone fracture healing is a complex process in which angiogenesis or the development of a blood vessel net work plays a crucial role. In this paper, a mathematicalmodel is presented that simulates the ... [more ▼]

Bone fracture healing is a complex process in which angiogenesis or the development of a blood vessel net work plays a crucial role. In this paper, a mathematicalmodel is presented that simulates the biological aspects of fracture healing including the formation of individual blood vessels. The model consists of partial differential equations, several of which describe the evolution in density of the most important cell types, growth factors, tissues and nutrients. The other equations determine the growth of blood vessels as a result of themovement of leading endothelial (tip) cells. Branching and anastomoses are accounted for in the model. The model is applied to a normal fracture healing case and subjected to a sensitivity analysis. The spatiotemporal evolution of soft tissues and bone, as well as the development of a blood vessel network are corroborated by comparison with experimental data. Moreover, this study shows that the proposed mathematical framework can be a useful tool in the research of impaired healing and the design of treatment strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailTelomere deregulations possess cytogenetic, phenotype, and prognostic specificities in acute leukemias.
CAPRARO, Valérie ULg; Zane, Linda; Poncet, Delphine et al

in Experimental Hematology (2011), 39(2), 195-2022

OBJECTIVE: Telomeres are protected by tightly regulated factors and elongated by telomerase. Short and/or deprotected chromosomes are recombinogenic and thereby cancer prone. MATERIALS AND METHODS ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Telomeres are protected by tightly regulated factors and elongated by telomerase. Short and/or deprotected chromosomes are recombinogenic and thereby cancer prone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Together with the quantification of telomerase activity (TA), measuring telomere length (TL) and expression of the genes that govern telomere protection and elongation are useful for assessing telomere homeostasis. RESULTS: By these means we demonstrate that TL, hTERT, and TA are in the order acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) > T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) > B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) > T-ALL > AML, and B-ALL > AML > T-ALL. AML0 and AML3 display the lowest amounts of hTERT transcripts, and ALL and AML cells with cytogenetic abnormalities possess the shortest telomeres. hTERT expression includes phenotype-specific RNA maturation and correlates with TA but not with TL. A wide ratio of TA to hTERT expression between leukemia subtypes suggests phenotype-specific hTERT post-transcriptional deregulations. B- and T-ALL overexpress Ku70 and Pinx1, T-ALL PTOP and RAP1, and B-ALL TRF2, the expression of which is significantly higher in cases with abnormal karyotype. hTERT transcription and TL correlate with response to intensive chemotherapy, and hTERT and RAD50 are independent prognostic factors for survival. CONCLUSIONS: Each leukemia subtype possesses specific telomere dysregulations that rely on phenotype, karyotype, response to treatment, and survival. [less ▲]

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See detailMaîtrise de la situation d’enseignement-apprentissage et savoirs professionnels des futurs enseignants
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

in Maubant, Philippe; Martineau, Stéphane (Eds.) Fondements des pratiques professionnelles des enseignants (2011)

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See detailIn Memoriam : Charles Christians (30.10.1930 - 20.05.2011)
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2011), 57

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See detailLa chirurgie oncoplastique du sein.
BOUS, Aurélie ULg; NARDELLA, Daniele ULg; MAWEJA, Sylvie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2011), 66(5-6), 341-50

Oncoplastic surgery combines large lumpectomy and defect remodeling by different plastic surgery methods. These procedures improve the cosmetic result after partial mastectomy and widens the possibilities ... [more ▼]

Oncoplastic surgery combines large lumpectomy and defect remodeling by different plastic surgery methods. These procedures improve the cosmetic result after partial mastectomy and widens the possibilities for conservative treatment. Different techniques are used from simple glandular remodeling to more difficult techniques for breast plasties with or without simultaneous controlateral symetrisation procedure. The surgical option depends especially on the ratio between the volume of the tumor and the volume of the breast and the position of the tumor. This more effective conservative treatment facilitates also postoperative radiotherapy, reduces the sequellae and the psychological impact of breast cancer treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailMathematical modeling of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion in tissue engineering using continuum models
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Gerisch, A.

in Geffen, A. (Ed.) Cellular and Biomolecular Mechanics and Mechanobiology (2011)

Key factors in the formation of cell aggregates in tissue engineering and other fields are the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Other important factors are culture conditions such as nutrient and ... [more ▼]

Key factors in the formation of cell aggregates in tissue engineering and other fields are the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Other important factors are culture conditions such as nutrient and oxygen supply and the characteristics of the environment (medium versus hydrogel). As mathematical models are increasingly used to investigate biological phenomena, it is important that processes such as cell adhesion are adequately described in the models. Recently a technique was developed to incorporate cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion in continuum models through the use of non-local terms. In this study we apply this technique to model adhesion in a cell-in-gel culture set-up often found in tissue engineering applications. We briefly describe the biological issues underlying this study and the various modeling techniques used to capture adhesive behaviour. We furthermore elaborate on the numerical techniques that were developed in the course of this study. Finally, we consider a tissue engineering model that describes the spatiotemporal evolution of the concentration of cells, matrix, hydrogel, matrix degrading enzymes and oxygen/nutrients in a cell-in-gel culture system. Sensitivity analyses indicate a clear influence of the different adhesive processes on the final cell and collagen density and distribution, demonstrating the significance of cell adhesion in tissue engineering and the potential of the proposed mathematical technique. [less ▲]

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See detailLes choix d'études supérieures sont-ils liés à l'établissement secondaire fréquenté ?
Dupont, Virginie ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Bildungswissenschaften = Rivista Svizzera di Scienze dell' Educazione = Revue Suisse des Sciences de l'Education (2011), 3(33), 461-478

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