References of "2011"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFertility Preferences and Level of Family Planning in Rwanda : Case of Huye District
Niwemahoro, Celine; Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Banamwana, Leonidas

in Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS) (2011), 2(3), 168-174

The eradication of poverty and hunger is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established by the United ations. One of the Rwanda’s commitments is the fulfillment of this goal as indicated ... [more ▼]

The eradication of poverty and hunger is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established by the United ations. One of the Rwanda’s commitments is the fulfillment of this goal as indicated in its own long term Vision 2020 aimed at enabling Rwandans to emerge from under-development and poverty status by achieving economic growth objectives in combination with social indicators objectives. As it has been researched that the major cause of poverty in developing countries is the high rate of their population growth, this paper is aimed at assessing the fertility preferences and the level of family planning in Rwanda as a tool to poverty eradication. The paper also presents some challenges and some other pathways to improve the socioeconomic welfare of Rwandan population. In this paper descriptive methods have been used to present and analyze data and a Pearson Chi square test has been used to study the association between variables. The results shows that the knowledge of contraception is universal (99%) but the use of contraception methods for family planning is still very low (37%). On the average fertility preferences are 3.2 children which are good if realized. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to reduce poverty, family planning is a must but lot more are to be done. Among other things, a focus on increasing rural income and agriculture output. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRelation entre défaillances vitales précédant l'infection acquise aux soins intensifs et gravité de celle-ci
MARECHAL, Hugues; LEDOUX, Didier ULg; NYS, Monique ULg et al

in Réanimation (2011), 20(Suppl 1), 108102

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Taxonomy of Multi-Area State Estimation Methods
Gomez-Exposito, Antonio; de la Villa Jaen, Antonio; Gomez-Quiles, Catalina et al

in Electric Power Systems Research (2011), 81(4), 1060-1069

This paper presents a critical review of the state of the art in Multi-Area State Estimation (MASE) methods, which are currently gaining renewed interest due to their capability of properly tracking multi ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a critical review of the state of the art in Multi-Area State Estimation (MASE) methods, which are currently gaining renewed interest due to their capability of properly tracking multi-TSO transactions and accommodating highly redundant information systems. Based on several classification criteria, a taxonomy of MASE methods is first proposed. Two main categories, namely two-step or hierarchical versus decentralized, are identified. Then, for each class of methods, the resulting model structure and area interactions are discussed and a brief presentation is made of a selected subset of references. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 238 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComputation of bounded feed-forward control for underactuated multibody systems using nonlinear optimization
Seifried, Robert; Guimaraes Bastos Junior, Guaraci ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Volume 1, Special Issue: 82nd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM) (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe hidden function of NIK (NF-κB-Inducing Kinase) in cell death
Boutaffala, Layla; Bertrand, Mathieu; Remouchamps, Caroline ULg et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKorpusrecherche in der Dudenredaktion. Ein Werkstattbericht
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Konopka, Marek; Kubczak, Jacqueline (Eds.) Grammatik und Korpora 2009 (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLandscape Capacity and Social Attitudes towards Wind Energy Projects in Belgium
Van Rompaey, Anton; Schmitz, Serge ULg; Kesteloot, Chris et al

Book published by Belgian Science Policy (2011)

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research ... [more ▼]

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research project is to analyse and assess the landscape capacity and social attitudes towards wind energy parks in Belgium, especially in non-urban and non-industrial sites. This research project starts from the observation that a sustainable production of energy, relying on renewable resources, should go hand in hand with a sustainable societal support for the use of these renewable sources. Experiences from neighbouring countries showed that the societal support depends of the regional landscape capacity and the social attitudes towards wind energy parks. In this research project both quantitative and qualitative research techniques will be used to: (1) measure the landscape capacity in relation to the location of wind energy parks in Belgium, (2) to gain insight in the way attitudes towards wind energy parks are socially constructed and reproduced. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 287 (20 ULg)
See detailL'idéalité du sens. Levinas interprète de Husserl
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHanche douloureuse de l'enfant sportif
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Learning material (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPlasma phospholipid long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and body weight change.
Jakobsen, Marianne U.; Dethlefsen, Claus; Due, Karen M. et al

in Obesity facts (2011), 4(4), 312-8

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the proportion of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in plasma phospholipids from blood samples drawn at enrollment and subsequent change ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the proportion of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in plasma phospholipids from blood samples drawn at enrollment and subsequent change in body weight. Sex, age, and BMI were considered as potential effect modifiers. METHOD: A total of 1,998 women and men participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) were followed for a median of 4.9 years. The associations between the proportion of plasma phospholipid long-chain n-3 PUFA and change in weight were investigated using mixed-effect linear regression. RESULTS: The proportion of long-chain n-3 PUFA was not associated with change in weight. Among all participants, the 1-year weight change was -0.7 g per 1% point higher long-chain n-3 PUFA level (95% confidence interval: -20.7 to 19.3). The results when stratified by sex, age, or BMI groups were not systematically different. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the proportion of long-chain n-3 PUFA in plasma phospholipids is not associated with subsequent change in body weight within the range of exposure in the general population. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPancreas preservation for pancreas and islet transplantation: a minireview
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg; LeDinh, Hieu; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43

Pancreas preservation by cold storage using University of Wisconsin solution was the <br />mainstay method used for pancreas transplantation during the past 2 decades. Other <br />solutions, such as HTK ... [more ▼]

Pancreas preservation by cold storage using University of Wisconsin solution was the <br />mainstay method used for pancreas transplantation during the past 2 decades. Other <br />solutions, such as HTK, Celsior, and SCOT 15, could not demonstrate any advantage for <br />short preservation periods. But the advent of clinical islet transplantation and the larger <br />use of controlled non–heart-beating donors have prompted the transplantation community <br />to develop methods for increasing pancreas graft quality while preventing ischemic <br />reperfusion damages. Oxygenation by 1- or 2-layer methods during pancreas preservation, <br />as well as the use of perfluorocarbons, might increase the islet yield. Based on the former <br />methods, there is a renewed interest in machine perfusion and oxygenation in pancreas <br />preservation for pancreas transplantation and islet preparation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoûts et valeur ajoutée dans la commercialisation des perches de teck au Sud-Bénin
Aoudji, Augustin K. N.; Adégbidi, Anselme; Agbo, Valentin et al

in Cahiers Agricultures (2011), 20(6 (Novembre-Décembre 2011)), 480-486

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (7 ULg)
See detailOverview of CO2 dynamics within sea ice
Delille, Bruno ULg; Geilfus, Nicolas-Xavier ULg; Vancoppenolle, M. et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMolecular data challenge traditional subgeneric divisions in the leafy liverwort Radula
Devos, Nicolas; Renner, MAM; Gradstein, SR et al

in Taxon (2011), 60

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA non-invasive approach to study lifetime exposure and bioaccumulation of PCBs in protected marine mammals: PBPK modeling in harbor porpoises
Weijs, Liesbeth; Covaci, Adrian; Yang, Raymond S. H. et al

in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology (2011), 256

In the last decade, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models have increasingly been developed to explain the kinetics of environmental pollutants in wildlife. For marine mammals specifically ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models have increasingly been developed to explain the kinetics of environmental pollutants in wildlife. For marine mammals specifically, these models provide a new, non-destructive tool that enables the integration of biomonitoring activities and in vitro studies. The goals of the present study were firstly to develop PBPK models for several environmental relevant PCB congeners in harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena), a species that is sensitive to pollution because of its limited metabolic capacity for pollutant transformation. These models were tested using tissue data of porpoises from the Black Sea. Secondly, the predictive power of the models was investigated for time trends in the PCB concentrations in North Sea harbor porpoises between 1990 and 2008. Thirdly, attempts were made to assess metabolic capacities of harbor porpoises for the investigated PCBs. In general, results show that parameter values from other species (rodents, humans) are not always suitable in marine mammal models, most probably due to differences in physiology and exposure. The PCB 149 levels decrease the fastest in male harbor porpoises from the North Sea in a time period of 18†years, whereas the PCB 101 levels decrease the slowest. According to the models, metabolic breakdown of PCB 118 is probably of lesser importance compared to other elimination pathways. For PCB 101 and 149 however, the presence of their metabolites can be attributed to bioaccumulation of metabolites from the prey and to metabolic breakdown of the parent compounds in the harbor porpoises. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (9 ULg)