References of "2011"
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See detailDiastematomyelia: pre- and postnatal multimodal diagnostic approach.
Passoglou, V.; Tebache, M.; Collignon, L. et al

in Journal Belge de Radiologie (1924) (2011), 94(6), 333-5

Diastematomyelia is a relatively rare congenital abnormality presenting as a sagittal separation of the spinal cord. Although cases of diastematomyelia have been previously reported, fully documented ... [more ▼]

Diastematomyelia is a relatively rare congenital abnormality presenting as a sagittal separation of the spinal cord. Although cases of diastematomyelia have been previously reported, fully documented approaches by both prenatal and postnatal diagnostic workup are rare in the literature. We present a fully studied case of diastematomyelia type I investigated by prenatal US and MRI and postnatal US, MRI and radiography. [less ▲]

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See detailFuran Formation from Lipids in Starch-Based Model Systems, As Influenced by Interactions with Antioxidants and Proteins.
Owczarek-Fendor, A.; De Meulenaer, B.; Scholl, Georges ULiege et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2011), 59(6), 2368-2376

The formation of furan upon sterilization of a lipid-containing starch gel was investigated in the presence of various antioxidants, namely, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, and ascorbic acid, with and ... [more ▼]

The formation of furan upon sterilization of a lipid-containing starch gel was investigated in the presence of various antioxidants, namely, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, and ascorbic acid, with and without proteins. Results indicated that alpha-tocopherol did not significantly influence furan formation from oxidized lipids. beta-Carotene, suggested previously to be a furan precursor itself, did influence the generation of furan in a concentration-dependent manner, although to a limited extent. Surprisingly, the presence of lipids seemed to limit the furan generation from beta-carotene. Interestingly, the addition of ascorbic acid to the emulsions containing soybean or sunflower oils considerably enhanced the formation of furan from these oils. This was also the case when fresh oils were applied, shown previously to be nearly unable to generate furan. This observation can be explained by an intensified ascorbic acid degradation stimulated by the presence of lipids. [less ▲]

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See detailLe trésor des rois de France de François Ier à Henri IV
Fagnart, Laure ULiege

in Jullian, Martine (Ed.) Catalogue de l'exposition D'ombre et de lumière. Trésors sacrés, trésors profanes (Musée de Saint-Antoine-l'Abbaye, 10 juillet-9 octobre 2011) (2011)

À la Renaissance, le trésor ne disparaît pas au profit de la collection, telle qu’elle se (re)déploie à partir de la seconde moitié du XIVe siècle. En témoigne le trésor que les rois de France ont détenu ... [more ▼]

À la Renaissance, le trésor ne disparaît pas au profit de la collection, telle qu’elle se (re)déploie à partir de la seconde moitié du XIVe siècle. En témoigne le trésor que les rois de France ont détenu au XVIe siècle. Sous le règne de François Ier, les pièces précieuses et coûteuses sont conservées dans le château de Blois, puis dans la chambre du trésor des bagues de Fontainebleau. Sous Charles IX, quand sévissent les guerres de religion, le trésor est mis à l’abri dans la forteresse de la Bastille. Il n’en n’est pas pour autant progressivement démembré : donnés ou envoyés à la fonte, de nombreux objets quittent alors le domaine royal. Quand Henri IV monte sur le trône de France, le trésor des rois Valois a pratiquement disparu. Pour le reconstituer, le premier Bourbon puise dans le trésor des rois de Navarre, qui devient ainsi le trésor des rois de France. Comme auparavant, tout en donnant à voir le faste de la cour et sa puissance, le trésor constitue donc une réserve de matières précieuses que l’on peut, au besoin, monnayer, offrir, fondre ou mettre en gage. Progressivement toutefois, il convient de démontrer aussi son savoir culturel. Dès lors, d’autres objets forcent l’admiration. Il s’agit de petites antiquités, de naturalia, d’objets exotiques, mais aussi de tableaux et de sculptures, c’est-à-dire des pièces dont la valeur est désormais plutôt déterminée par l’esthétique ou par l’origine lointaine et mystérieuse que par la préciosité du matériau utilisé pour sa confection. [less ▲]

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See detailThe study of larger basidiomycetes, especially polypores, in the Malesian region and the role of the Singapore Botanic Gardens
Demoulin, Vincent ULiege

in Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore (2011), 63(1 & 2), 175188

The development of the study of larger basidiomycetes, especially polypores, in the Malesian region is presented. The historical importance of the botanical gardens in Bogor and Singapore is emphasised ... [more ▼]

The development of the study of larger basidiomycetes, especially polypores, in the Malesian region is presented. The historical importance of the botanical gardens in Bogor and Singapore is emphasised and an overview of the mycological collection in Singapore is given. This includes several isotypes of taxa described by G.E. Massee, C.G. Lloyd and N. Patouillard, as well as paratypes and holotypes of taxa described by E.J.H. Corner. The problems linked to Corner’s material are discussed in the light of studies made in both Singapore and Edinburgh. The polypore collection in Singapore is a valuable resource for studying any geographical variation of fungal floras in the Malesian region and a unique tool for examining any temporal change in this flora, given the continuity of collections in the island since H.N. Ridley in 1892. [less ▲]

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See detailThe pregnancy-associated glycoproteins. Clinical applications for pregnancy follow-up in ruminant species.
Barbato, O.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULiege; Canali, C. et al

in Revista română de medicină veterinară (2011), 21(2), 117-126

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminant and embryonic mortality has a substantial impact on the fertility of demestic animals. This article focus on the use of ... [more ▼]

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminant and embryonic mortality has a substantial impact on the fertility of demestic animals. This article focus on the use of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins for pregnancy follow-up. [less ▲]

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See detailA new placoderm fish (Acanthothoraci) from the Early Devonian Jauf Formation (Saudi Arabia)
Olive, Sébastien ULiege; Goujet, Daniel; Lelièvre, Hervé et al

in Geodiversitas (2011), 33(3), 393-409

An exceptionally well-preserved new acanthothoracid (placoderm fish) presenting complete endocranium and skull roof, from Saudi Arabia (Qasr Limestone Member, Jauf Formation), Early Devonian in age, is ... [more ▼]

An exceptionally well-preserved new acanthothoracid (placoderm fish) presenting complete endocranium and skull roof, from Saudi Arabia (Qasr Limestone Member, Jauf Formation), Early Devonian in age, is described as Arabosteus variabilis n. gen. n. sp. Compared to other Acanthothoraci, the new taxon exhibits a skull roof variable in its dermal plate distribution (e.g. a supernumerary plate: the posterior central plate) and sensory line pattern. Even the different specimens of this taxon show such variability between them. Arabosteus variabilis enlarges the scope of our knowledge of Acanthothoraci and Placodermi in general. Traditionally, the Arthrodira, one of the historically earliest described groups, provide the standard reference model for the placoderm skull roof pattern. The interpretation of the acanthothoracid skull roof pattern of the Saudi taxon from an arthrodiran model and the establishment of homologies is impossible to resolve unless based on prior assumptions (e.g. hypothesis of fragmentation or fusion for the paranuchal plate complex). The lateral line system of A. variabilis is unstable (e.g. presence or absence of the postmarginal sensory line canal) making it ambiguous to define bone homology and terminology. Consequently spatial distribution of skull roof plates has been retained for such a task with a minimal reference to the instable features of the sensory line groove distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailFinding good acoustic features for parrot vocalizations: The feature generation approach
Giret, Nicolas; Roy, Pierre; Albert, Aurélie ULiege et al

in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2011), 129

A crucial step in the understanding of vocal behavior of birds is to be able to classify calls in the repertoire into meaningful types. Methods developed to this aim are limited either because of human ... [more ▼]

A crucial step in the understanding of vocal behavior of birds is to be able to classify calls in the repertoire into meaningful types. Methods developed to this aim are limited either because of human subjectivity or because of methodological issues. The present study investigated whether a feature generation system could categorize vocalizations of a bird species automatically and effectively. This procedure was applied to vocalizations of African gray parrots, known for their capacity to reproduce almost any sound of their environment. Outcomes of the feature generation approach agreed well with a much more labor-intensive process of a human expert classifying based on spectrographic representation, while clearly out-performing other automated methods. The method brings significant improvements in precision over commonly used bioacoustical analyses. As such, the method enlarges the scope of automated, acoustics-based sound classification. [less ▲]

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See detailCinéma (De l’irrévérence du cinéma au Pays de Liège)
Tomasovic, Dick ULiege

in Delaunois, Alain; Joiret, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) Petit guide de l’irrévérence (au Pays de Liège) (2011)

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See detailDPP-4 inhibitors in the management of type 2 diabetes: A critical review of head-to-head trials.
SCHEEN, André ULiege

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2011)

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors offer new options for the management of type 2 diabetes. Direct comparisons with active glucose-lowering comparators in drug-naive patients have demonstrated that ... [more ▼]

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors offer new options for the management of type 2 diabetes. Direct comparisons with active glucose-lowering comparators in drug-naive patients have demonstrated that DPP-4 inhibitors exert slightly less pronounced HbA(1c) reduction than metformin (with the advantage of better gastrointestinal tolerability) and similar glucose-lowering effects as with a thiazolidinedione (TZD; with the advantage of no weight gain). In metformin-treated patients, gliptins were associated with similar HbA(1c) reductions compared with a sulphonylurea (SU; with the advantage of no weight gain, considerably fewer hypoglycaemic episodes and no need for titration) and a TZD (with the advantage of no weight gain and better overall tolerability). DPP-4 inhibitors also exert clinically relevant glucose-lowering effects compared with a placebo in patients treated with SU or TZD (of potential interest when metformin is either not tolerated or contraindicated), and as oral triple therapy with a good tolerability profile when added to a metformin-SU or pioglitazone-SU combination. Several clinical trials also showed a consistent reduction in HbA(1c) when DPP-4 inhibitors were added to basal insulin therapy, with no increased risk of hypoglycaemia. Because of the complex pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes and the complementary actions of glucose-lowering agents, initial combination of a DPP-4 inhibitor with either metformin or a glitazone may be applied in drug-naive patients, resulting in greater efficacy and similar safety compared with either drug as monotherapy. However, DPP-4 inhibitors were less effective than GLP-1 receptor agonists for reducing HbA(1c) and body weight, but offer the advantage of being easier to use (oral instead of injected administration) and lower in cost. Only one head-to-head trial demonstrated the non-inferiority of saxagliptin vs sitagliptin. Clearly, more trials of direct comparisons between different incretin-based therapies are needed. Because of their pharmacokinetic characteristics, pharmacodynamic properties (glucose-dependent glucose-lowering effect) and good overall tolerability profile, DPP-4 inhibitors may have a key role to play in patients with renal impairment and in the elderly. The role of DPP-4 inhibitors in the therapeutic armamentarium of type 2 diabetes is rapidly evolving as their potential strengths and weaknesses become better defined mainly through controlled clinical trials. [less ▲]

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See detailRésultats des analyses en ergonomie cognitive et architecturologie des expérimentations en coprésence et à distance outillée
Ben Rajeb, Samia ULiege; Lecourtois, Caroline; Guéna, François

Report (2011)

Cette dernière partie de notre recherche rend compte des analyses architecturologiques menées sur les données recueillies à l’occasion d’expérimentations réalisées en laboratoire selon le protocole ... [more ▼]

Cette dernière partie de notre recherche rend compte des analyses architecturologiques menées sur les données recueillies à l’occasion d’expérimentations réalisées en laboratoire selon le protocole présenté par nos partenaires du Limsi-CNRS dans le livrable précédent (T24). Notre étude architecturologique ne s’intéressant qu’à la collaboration distante outillée, nous nous sommes alors focalisés exclusivement sur les enregistrements concernant les expérimentations distantes via le SDC.Cette partie est constituée de trois chapitres visant à caractériser les mécanismes cognitifs spécifiques à des situations de conception architecturale collaborative à distance : • Le premier chapitre expose les méthodologies architecturologiques, en termes de classes d’opérations et d’opérations de conception ; • Le second chapitre comporte deux sous-chapitres : - le premier chapitre présente un exemple détaillé d’une analyse architecturologique appliquée à une de ces expérimentations; - le deuxième expose les principaux résultats issus des analyses architecturologiques de l’ensemble des expérimentations ; • Le troisième chapitre synthétise l’ensemble de ces résultats sous la forme d’un modèle théorique permettant de comprendre les spécificités d’une situation de conception architecturale collaborative à distance outillée par le SDC. [less ▲]

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See detailCation partitioning between minerals of the triphylite ± graftonite ± sarcopside association in granitic pegmatites
Roda-Robles, Encarnacion ULiege; Galliski, Migule; Nizamoff, Jim et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailLes phéromones d'alarme dans le règne animal
Verheggen, François ULiege; Haubruge, Eric ULiege

in Entomologie Faunistique = Faunistic Entomology (2011), 63(4), 259-274

Many animals respond to predation by releasing alarm signals that warn other individuals of the presence of danger in order to reduce the success of predators. While alarm signals may be visual or ... [more ▼]

Many animals respond to predation by releasing alarm signals that warn other individuals of the presence of danger in order to reduce the success of predators. While alarm signals may be visual or auditory as well as chemical, alarm pheromones are common, especially among insects and aquatic organisms. In this paper we discuss our current understanding of chemical alarm signaling in a variety of animal groups (including social and pre-social insects, marine invertebrates, fish, and mammals). We also briefly discuss the exploitation of alarm pheromones as foraging cues for natural enemies. [less ▲]

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See detailFEED INGREDIENTS, PATHOGEN COLONIZATION AND GUT HEALTH IN PIGS
Van Kessel, Andrew; Pieper, Robert; Bindelle, Jérôme ULiege et al

in Proceeding of the 47th Eastern Nutrition Conference (2011)

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See detailPre-Surgical Hand Antisepsis: Concepts and Current Habits of Veterinary Surgeons
Verwilghen, Denis ULiege; Grulke, Sigrid ULiege; Kampf, Günther

in Veterinary Surgery : The Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (2011), 40(5), 515-521

Objective: To assess current habits for surgical hand preparation amongst veterinary surgical specialists and to compare data with current guidelines for hand asepsis techniques. Study design: Survey of ... [more ▼]

Objective: To assess current habits for surgical hand preparation amongst veterinary surgical specialists and to compare data with current guidelines for hand asepsis techniques. Study design: Survey of veterinary surgical specialists Sample Population: Diplomates of the American (ACVS) and European Colleges of Veterinary Surgeons (ECVS). Methods: An internet based survey of hand preparation methods before surgical procedures was conducted of 1300 listed ACVS and ECVS Diplomates. Results: A 42.6% response rate was obtained. Approximately 80% of respondents use disinfecting soaps as a primary method for hand antisepsis. Of those, 81% use chlorhexidine based scrubs and 7% use a neutral soap followed by a hydroalcoholic solution. Conclusions: Contrary to current recommendations of the World Health Organization and scientific evidence supporting use of hydro-alcoholic rubs for presurgical hand preparation, veterinary surgical specialists still use surgical scrub solutions containing disinfecting soaps. [less ▲]

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See detailPathologies et réparations structurales des constructions
Plumier, André ULiege

Learning material (2011)

Le document est le support powerpoint du cours. On y met en évidence des actions sous estimée et des conceptions défectueuses; il décrit des techniques et problèmes de calcul spécifiques aux réparations ... [more ▼]

Le document est le support powerpoint du cours. On y met en évidence des actions sous estimée et des conceptions défectueuses; il décrit des techniques et problèmes de calcul spécifiques aux réparations, puis présente des techniques de renforcement structural pour les constructions en béton armé, en maçonnerie, en bois, en acier, ainsi que dans le cas de problèmes de fondation. [less ▲]

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See detailRELATIONS ENTRE GAIN BARO-REFLEXE ET STRESS PULSATILE CHEZ LE PATIENT DIABETIQUE DE TYPE 1
SCHEEN, André ULiege; MARCHAND, Monique ULiege; PHILIPS, Jean-Christophe ULiege

in Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux (2011), hors série 3

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See detailVu de Paris : la France officielle face à la dimension wallonne des grèves de l’hiver 60-61
Lanneau, Catherine ULiege

in Francq, Bernard; Courtois, Luc; Tilly, Pierre (Eds.) Mémoire de la Grande grève de l'hiver 1960-1961 en Belgique (2011)

Evénement majeur, aux retombées sociales, économiques et politiques évidentes, le grand mouvement de grèves de l’hiver 1960-1961 a également été observé par l’étranger et, singulièrement, par la France ... [more ▼]

Evénement majeur, aux retombées sociales, économiques et politiques évidentes, le grand mouvement de grèves de l’hiver 1960-1961 a également été observé par l’étranger et, singulièrement, par la France officielle. Tout en exposant brièvement le regard porté sur les grèves par le Quai d’Orsay, les consulats et l’ambassade de France, cette contribution s’attache surtout à étudier dans quelle mesure la perception des revendications politiques et économiques wallonnes par la France officielle a pu être modifiée, à court et moyen terme, par les grandes grèves et comment les mouvements wallons, à commencer par le Mouvement Populaire Wallon (MPW), ont espéré capitaliser sur ces grèves pour mieux diffuser leur message outre-Quiévrain et y nouer des contacts. Elle envisage enfin les démarches entreprises par la Belgique pour contrer cet "entrisme" du mouvement wallon. [less ▲]

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See detail"Interculturalité et didactique des langues étrangères"
Defays, Jean-Marc ULiege

in Defays, Jean-Marc (Ed.) Plurilinguisme et diversité culturelle dans les relations internationales; Points de vue russes et belges (2011)

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