References of "2011"
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See detailMolecular data challenge traditional subgeneric divisions in the leafy liverwort Radula
Devos, Nicolas; Renner, MAM; Gradstein, SR et al

in Taxon (2011), 60

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See detailHaemodynamic changes during a squat test, pulsatile stress and indices of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with long-duration type 1 diabetes.
PHILIPS, Jean-Christophe ULg; MARCHAND, Monique ULg; SCHEEN, André ULg

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2011)

AIM: Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and pulsatile stress are considered to be independent cardiovascular risk factors. This study compared haemodynamic changes during an active orthostatic test ... [more ▼]

AIM: Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and pulsatile stress are considered to be independent cardiovascular risk factors. This study compared haemodynamic changes during an active orthostatic test in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), using low versus high RR E/I ratios as a marker of CAN. METHODS: A total of 20 T1DM patients with low RR E/I ratios were compared with 20 T1DM patients with normal RR E/I ratios, matched for gender (1/1 ratio), age (mean: 46years) and diabetes duration (22-26years); 40 matched healthy subjects served as controls. All subjects were evaluated by continuous monitoring of arterial blood pressure (Finapres((R))) and heart rate using a standardized posture test (1-min standing, 1-min squatting, 1-min standing), thus allowing calculation of baroreflex gain. RESULTS: Compared with controls, T1DM patients showed lower RR E/I ratios, reduced baroreflex gains, higher pulsatile stress (pulse pressurexheart rate), greater squatting-induced pulse pressure rises, orthostatic hypotension and reduced reflex tachycardia. Compared with T1DM patients with preserved RR E/I ratios, T1DM patients with low RR E/I ratios showed reduced post-standing reflex tachycardia and baroreflex gain, and delayed blood pressure recovery, but no markers of increased pulsatile stress. Interestingly, decreased baroreflex gain was significantly associated with both pulsatile stress and microalbuminuria. CONCLUSION: The use of RR E/I ratios to separate T1DM patients allows the detection of other CAN markers during an orthostatic posture test, but with no significant differences in pulsatile stress or microalbuminuria. In this context, squatting-derived baroreflex gain appears to be more informative. [less ▲]

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See detailArchitectuurprijs West-Vlaanderen: Laureaten 2011
De Visscher, Lisa ULg

in Prijs voor architectuur van de provincie West-Vlaanderen 2011 (2011)

With this quadrennial Provincial Prize for Architecture, the province of West Flanders wishes to support architects and builders who contribute to its heritage. By searching, selection and disclosure of ... [more ▼]

With this quadrennial Provincial Prize for Architecture, the province of West Flanders wishes to support architects and builders who contribute to its heritage. By searching, selection and disclosure of exemplary buildings they not only stimulate innovation and contemporary creations, but also open up to a wider audience. The increasing awareness of the different facets of the built environment is in fact the first step to a larger public support for qualitative architecture and urban planning. The winners of this edition are Noa Architects and TV Dierendonckblanckearchitecten - Onraet - Callebaut - Desmyter. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial : Questionner le tourisme rural
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Decroly, Jean Michel

in Schmitz, Serge; Decroly, Jean Michel (Eds.) Questionner le tourisme rural (2011)

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See detailExpression of the helicase-like transcription factor and its variants during carcinogenesis of the uterine cervix: implications for tumour progression.
Capouillez, Aurelie; Noel, Jean*-Christophe; Arafa, Mohammad et al

in Histopathology (2011), 58(6), 984-8

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See detailThe Ri chicken breed and livelihoods in North Vietnam: characterisation and prospects
Moula, Nassim ULg; Do Duc, Luc ULg; Pham Kim, Dang et al

in Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (2011), 112(1), 57-69

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See detailX-rays nanotomography in a scanning electron microscope–capabilities and limitations for materials research
Pyka, Grzegorz; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Pauwels, Bart et al

in Abstract book SkyScan User Meeting 2011 (2011)

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See detailEffect of pH and water activity on the growth limits of Listeria monocytogenes in a cheese matrix at two contamination levels.
Schvartzman Echenique, Maria Sol ULg; Belessi, C.; Butler, F. et al

in Journal of food protection (2011), 74(11), 1805-13

Listeria monocytogenes can proliferate at the beginning of cheesemaking as the conditions favor growth. The objective of this study was to establish the growth limits of L. monocytogenes in a cheese ... [more ▼]

Listeria monocytogenes can proliferate at the beginning of cheesemaking as the conditions favor growth. The objective of this study was to establish the growth limits of L. monocytogenes in a cheese matrix, in case of potential contamination of the milk prior to cheese manufacture. A semisoft laboratory scale model cheese system was made at different initial pH and water activity (a(w)) levels with a mix of two strains of L. monocytogenes. A factorial design of five pH values (5.6 to 6.5), four a(w) values (0.938 to 0.96), and two L. monocytogenes inoculation levels (1 to 20 CFU/ml and 500 to 1,000 CFU/ml) was carried out. Each combination was evaluated in six independent replicates. In order to determine if there was a dominant strain, isolated colonies from the cheeses were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The data relating to growth initiation were fitted to a logistic regression model. The a(w) of milk influenced the probability of growth initiation of L. monocytogenes at both low and high contamination levels. The pH, at the concentrations tested, had a lower effect on the probability of growth initiation. At pH 6.5 and a(w) of 0.99 for low contamination levels and pH 6.5 and a(w) of 0.97 for high contamination levels, increases in population of up to 4 and 2 log were observed at low and high contamination levels, respectively. This shows that if conditions are favorable for growth initiation at the early stages of the cheesemaking process, contamination of milk, even with low numbers, could lead to L. monocytogenes populations that exceed the European Union's microbiological limit of 100 CFU/g of cheese. [less ▲]

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See detailCubeSat Activities at the University of Liège
Denis, Amandine ULg; Pisane, Jonathan ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailEvidence Based Practice
Bruyère, Olivier ULg

Learning material (2011)

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See detailProblèmes du bilinguisme dans l'Antiquité gréco-romaine
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Genet, Jean-Philippe (Ed.) Langues et histoire. Actes du colloque de l'Ecole doctorale d'histoire de Paris 1 INHA, 20 et 21 octobre 2006 (2011)

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See detailThe Herschel view of nebulae around evolved massive stars
Vamvatira-Nakou, Chloi ULg; Royer, P.; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

Conference (2011)

The detailed study of the nebulae ejected from Luminous Blue Variables and the circumstellar bubbles around Wolf-Rayet stars, which radiate strongly in the IR due to the heating of dust, is crucial for ... [more ▼]

The detailed study of the nebulae ejected from Luminous Blue Variables and the circumstellar bubbles around Wolf-Rayet stars, which radiate strongly in the IR due to the heating of dust, is crucial for understanding the massive stars evolution. With Herschel, the largest telescope ever flown in space, we are able to study the gas and the dust in these circumstellar environments in the full far-infrared waveband. In the context of 'Mass-loss of Evolved StarS' Herschel guaranteed time key programme, we have obtained imaging and spectroscopic observations of nebulae associated with Luminous Blue Variable and Wolf-Rayet stars using PACS, one of the three instruments onboard Herschel. A description of these observations and first results of the data analysis are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a New Canadianness: Re(-)Membering Canada in Lawrence Hill’s Any Known Blood (1997) and David Chariandy’s Soucouyant (2007)
Mergeai, Mathilde ULg

in Canada and Beyond: A Journal of Canadian Literary and Cultural Studies (2011), 1(1-2), 83-103

This article examines the representation of Canadian multiculturalism in Lawrence Hill’s Any Known Blood (1997) and David Chariandy’s Soucouyant (2007). I argue that these novels can be regarded as ... [more ▼]

This article examines the representation of Canadian multiculturalism in Lawrence Hill’s Any Known Blood (1997) and David Chariandy’s Soucouyant (2007). I argue that these novels can be regarded as revisions of Canada’s official policy towards minorities, because they both creatively rewrite silenced parts of national history, and attempt to remap the connections between Canada and the world beyond the national frontiers. Hill’s and Chariandy’s revision of the past and redrawing of the present are made particularly clear in their novels through the representation of Canadian space, more specifically in their distancing from the image of urban centres as areas of cosmopolitanism. This idea of setting the narrative in conventionally Canadian (rural) topographies is also a way of locating their Black characters in a geographical environment traditionally seen as White, which thus allows the writers to question the very elements constitutive of Canadian identity and, by extension, of the Canadian nation. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-mortem examination and laboratory-based analysis for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis among dairy cattle in Ecuador
Proano-Perez, F.; Benitez-Ortiz, Washington; Desmecht, Daniel ULg et al

in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (2011), 101(1-2), 65-72

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See detail2D-Vertical Model for Free Surface Incompressible Flows: Validation and Applications
Detrembleur, Sylvain; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg

in Proc. 34th IAHR World Congress - Balance and Uncertainty (2011)

Efficient design of hydraulic structures such as weirs and bottom outlets requires a detailed description of the complex turbulent flows occurring on these structures. Compared to laboratory experiments ... [more ▼]

Efficient design of hydraulic structures such as weirs and bottom outlets requires a detailed description of the complex turbulent flows occurring on these structures. Compared to laboratory experiments, numerical modeling offers more flexibility and cost-effectiveness to test different designs. The non-hydrostatic 2D-vertical model presented here solves the RANS equations for incompressible flows in the vertical plane. It is based on the projection method for pressure-velocity coupling, while free surface tracking is conducted by means of the level set technique and Sussman’s velocity extension algorithm. It enables to predict accurately the flow pattern in the vertical plane and deals with multiple interfaces (jets, drops…). The solver has been validated for both steady and unsteady free surface flows, based on theoretical and experimental data. The paper will detail the application of the model to a pressurized flow and to a sloshing tank. [less ▲]

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