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See detailAtlas linguistique de la Wallonie. Tome 17. Famille, vie et relations sociales
Baiwir, Esther ULg

Book published by PULg - Presses universitaires de Liège - Sciences Humaines (2011)

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See detailPreparation of Spherical Submicronic Barium Zirconate particles in Highly Basic Solution below 100°C
Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg

in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (2011)

In this study, a new method has been developed to produce pure crystalline BaZrO3 powders from Ba+Zr solution or weakly soluble reactants by using precipitation route in highly basic aqueous solution. The ... [more ▼]

In this study, a new method has been developed to produce pure crystalline BaZrO3 powders from Ba+Zr solution or weakly soluble reactants by using precipitation route in highly basic aqueous solution. The influence of several synthesis parameters is studied. At high OH- concentration ([NaOH] = 20 mol/l), it is possible to obtain the well-crystallized stoichiometric perovskite phase at relatively low temperature (~80°C), after a short reaction time (15 minutes) and without requiring any precaution to avoid the presence of CO2. This synthesis method yields spherical particles, whose size can be controlled by changing the concentration of the Ba+Zr solution. No calcination treatment is necessary since the precipitate is crystalline. Suitable choice of the synthesis parameters ([NaOH] = 20 mol/l, [Ba+Zr] = 1 mol/l, reaction time = 15 minutes) yields a sub-micron precipitate. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon and nitrogen flows during a bloom of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi: Modelling a mesocosm experiment
Joassin, Pascal ULg; Delille, Bruno ULg; Soetaert, Karline et al

in Journal of Marine Systems (2011), 85

A dynamic model has been developed to represent biogeochemical variables and processes observed during experimental blooms of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi induced inmesocosms over a period of 23 ... [more ▼]

A dynamic model has been developed to represent biogeochemical variables and processes observed during experimental blooms of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi induced inmesocosms over a period of 23 days. The model describes carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) cycling through E. huxleyi and the microbial loop, and computes pH and the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) from dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA). The main innovations are: 1) the representation of E. huxleyi dynamics using an unbalanced growthmodel in carbon and nitrogen, 2) the gathering of formulations describing typical processes involved in the export of carbon such as primary production, calcification, cellular dissolved organic carbon (DOC) excretion, transparent exopolymer (TEP) formation and viral lyses, and 3) an original and validated representation of the calcification process as a function of the net primary production with a modulation by the intra-cellular N:C ratio mimicking the effect of nutrients limitation on the onset of calcification. It is shown that this new mathematical formulation of calcification provides a better representation of the dynamics of TA, DIC and calcification rates derived from experimental data compared to classicaly used formulations (e.g. function of biomass or of net primary production without anymodulation term). In a first step, the model has been applied to the simulations of present pCO2 conditions. It adequately reproduces the observations for chemical and biological variables and provides an overall view of carbon and nitrogen dynamics. Carbon and nitrogen budgets are derived from the model for the different phases of the bloom, highlighting three distinct phases, reflecting the evolution of the cellular C:N ratio and the interaction between hosts and viruses. During the first phase, inorganic nutrients are massively consumed by E. huxleyi increasing its biomass. Uptakes of carbon and nitrogen are maintained at a constant ratio. The second phase is triggered by the exhaustion of phosphate (PO4 3−). Uptake of carbon and nitrogen being uncoupled, the cellular C:N ratio of E. huxleyi increases. This stimulates the active release of DOC, acting as precursors for TEP. The third phase is characterised by an enhancement of the phytoplankton mortality due to viral lysis. A huge amount of DOC has been accumulated in the mesocosm. [less ▲]

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See detailSource parameters of the 2008 Bukavu-Cyangugu earthquake estimated from InSAR and teleseismic data
d'Oreye, Nicolas; Gonzalez, P.; Shuler, A. et al

in Geophysical Journal International (2011)

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See detailDie Narrenburg im Waldwinkel. Theodor Storms Auseinandersetzung mit Adalbert Stifter
Leyh, Valérie ULg

in Sprachkunst. Beiträge zur Literaturwissenschaft (2011), 42(1), 1-28

Comme l'ont déjà évoqué plusieurs chercheurs, la nouvelle "Waldwinkel" (1874) de Theodor Storm montre de nombreuses correspondances avec le récit "Die Narrenburg" (1842) d'Adalbert Stifter. Or jusqu'à ... [more ▼]

Comme l'ont déjà évoqué plusieurs chercheurs, la nouvelle "Waldwinkel" (1874) de Theodor Storm montre de nombreuses correspondances avec le récit "Die Narrenburg" (1842) d'Adalbert Stifter. Or jusqu'à présent, ce rapport étroit entre ces deux textes narratifs n'a pas encore été étudié en profondeur. Cet article vise dès lors à analyser les continuités et discontinuités entre ces deux récits. Une étude minutieuse des stratégies narratives ainsi qu'une analyse comparative des personnages principaux permettent de constater que la nouvelle de Storm fait, certes, renaître le monde de Stifter, mais pour le faire apparaître comme un non-lieu, une utopie. La noblesse, qui chez Stifter parvient encore à se renouveler en s'alliant à la bourgeoisie, est ainsi, chez Storm, vouée au déclin. Le monde représenté dans "Waldwinkel" est, quant à lui, marqué par la réalité du capitalisme et du combat de tous contre tous. [less ▲]

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See detailComputation of bounded feed-forward control for underactuated multibody systems using nonlinear optimization
Seifried, Robert; Guimaraes Bastos Junior, Guaraci ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Volume 1, Special Issue: 82nd Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (GAMM) (2011)

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See detailVarying the alveoli slopes of Piano key Weirs: Interests and limitations
Machiels, Olivier ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Pina, C.; Portela, E.; Gomes, J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 6th International conference on dam engineering (2011)

Piano Key Weir is a cost effective solution for rehabilitation as well as for new dam project with a high level of constraints (space, flood discharge, reservoir level). Its labyrinth shape permits the ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weir is a cost effective solution for rehabilitation as well as for new dam project with a high level of constraints (space, flood discharge, reservoir level). Its labyrinth shape permits the evacuation of discharges till four times more important than ogee-crested weirs with the same length at the dam crest, when the use of overhangs permits the building of the auto-equilibrated structure directly on dam crest. If the efficiency of the Piano Key Weir has already been well demonstrated, the definition of its optimal geometry has been still poorly approached. In order to improve the design of the complex geometry of this structure, the study of the influence of the mean geometrical parameters on the discharge capacity is an essential stage. Following a former experimental study of the flow over Piano Key Weirs, highlighting the mean influence of three geometrical parameters, this paper presents the results of an experimental parametric study. These results highlight the influence of the alveoli bottom slopes on the Piano Key Weir release capacity. In this paper, the interests and limitations of the variation of the slopes are explained. Recommendations directly linked to the observation of the experimental models are also provided to improve the design of PKW. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Panorama and the Labyrinth
Szanto, Catherine ULg

in Proceedings of the 4th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Landscape Architecture (2011)

The experience of gardens is often analyzed in function of the views the garden affords. The actual walk leading to the views is treated as secondary. Yet the views cannot be experienced without the walk ... [more ▼]

The experience of gardens is often analyzed in function of the views the garden affords. The actual walk leading to the views is treated as secondary. Yet the views cannot be experienced without the walk. The paper presents the paradigm of “panorama and labyrinth” to offer an analysis of both aspects of the experience of a garden. [less ▲]

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See detailFormes et fonctions de l'astérisque dans les papyrus littéraires grecs et latins
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

in Segno e Testo : International Journal of Manuscripts and Text Transmission (2011), (9),

Le présent article confronte les informations fournies par les sources littéraires antiques et médiévales à propos de l'astérisque avec l'emploi des différents "signes de l'étoile" dans les papyrus ... [more ▼]

Le présent article confronte les informations fournies par les sources littéraires antiques et médiévales à propos de l'astérisque avec l'emploi des différents "signes de l'étoile" dans les papyrus littéraires grecs et latins. [less ▲]

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See detailPancreas preservation for pancreas and islet transplantation: a minireview
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg; LeDinh, Hieu; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43

Pancreas preservation by cold storage using University of Wisconsin solution was the <br />mainstay method used for pancreas transplantation during the past 2 decades. Other <br />solutions, such as HTK ... [more ▼]

Pancreas preservation by cold storage using University of Wisconsin solution was the <br />mainstay method used for pancreas transplantation during the past 2 decades. Other <br />solutions, such as HTK, Celsior, and SCOT 15, could not demonstrate any advantage for <br />short preservation periods. But the advent of clinical islet transplantation and the larger <br />use of controlled non–heart-beating donors have prompted the transplantation community <br />to develop methods for increasing pancreas graft quality while preventing ischemic <br />reperfusion damages. Oxygenation by 1- or 2-layer methods during pancreas preservation, <br />as well as the use of perfluorocarbons, might increase the islet yield. Based on the former <br />methods, there is a renewed interest in machine perfusion and oxygenation in pancreas <br />preservation for pancreas transplantation and islet preparation. [less ▲]

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See detailCouverture de pertes de substance du tibia distal par lambeau pedicule perforant en helice : deux cas cliniques.
Bous, Aurélie ULg; Ronsmans, C.; NIZET, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Annales de Chirurgie Plastique Esthetique (2011)

Distal lower leg soft tissue defect is frequently a challenge to repair, particularly on the tibial crest. The coverage of this kind of lesion has some limitations because of regional minimal blood supply ... [more ▼]

Distal lower leg soft tissue defect is frequently a challenge to repair, particularly on the tibial crest. The coverage of this kind of lesion has some limitations because of regional minimal blood supply and paucity of local soft-tissue flaps. The perforator pedicled propeller (PPP) method tries to find a new place in lower leg reconstruction in bringing similar tissues at the recipient site and avoiding long and difficult free flap transfer or muscular sacrifice. The authors report on the use of PPP method for a tibial crest exposure after trauma and for a soft tissue defect with osteomyelitis on the tibial crest. [less ▲]

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See detailProfil des vendeurs de viande de chasse et évaluation de la biomasse commercialisée dans les marchés municipaux de Brazzaville, Congo.
Mbete, Roger Albert; Banga-Mboko, Henri; Ngokaka, Christophe et al

in Tropical Conservation Science (2011), 4(2), 203-217

The consumption of wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban population in Congo. A survey on bushmeat trade was undertaken in 21 municipal markets during four weeks, in ... [more ▼]

The consumption of wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban population in Congo. A survey on bushmeat trade was undertaken in 21 municipal markets during four weeks, in Brazzaville. The objective of this study was to define the traders’ profile and to evaluate the quantities of games and meat merchandised on the municipal markets. The study methodology combined two approaches: a quantitative one using a questionnaire as principal tool for collecting data, and a qualitative one associating informal survey methods via individual or group interviews. The results showed that women were the most involved in this trade (52%). Markets trader’s monthly income was estimated at 210,428 (US$420) ± 49,128 (US$98,256) FCFA. On average, the bushmeat traders’ were 39 ± 10 years old and 69% of them attended the two levels of secondary education. During four weeks, 3,711 animal carcasses were recorded on the 21 surveyed markets, representing almost 35,790 kg of biomass. Overall, 35 animal species were identified, including 9 the hunting of which was prohibited. The mammals constituted 93.8% of total number of hunted animals, with three dominant orders as the artiodactyls (49.2%), the rodents (22.6%) and the primates (17.7%), of which the Cephalophus, the Potamochoerus, the Atherurus and the Cercopithecus were the most represented. It was also noticed that trapping, an activity which leads to great losses, becomes very important, followed by be helpful alternatives to meet Congolese demand for bushmeat. For a sustainable management of the Congo’s faunic resources, this study suggests the introduction gun-hunting. The Congo-Ocean Railway and the National Road n°2 were used regularly in the transportation of game, to a 72% level. The district of Niari, Lekoumou, Sangha and Pool were the main sources of supply. At the present time, the meat quantities offered in Brazzaville markets don’t seem to be reduced because hunting areas extend always further, often to the detriment of protected areas. Despite the fact that such business squarely growths and shows evidence of overexploitation, activities promoting game farming and breeding of domestic species, in Brazzaville suburbs, are needed to mitigate the impact of bushmeat trade. [less ▲]

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See detailRés. CE 212.819, Smolcic - 212.989, Vanderlinden - 212.991, Fernandez-Grandjean
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Aménagement - Environnement (2011), 4

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See detailMaîtrise de la situation d’enseignement-apprentissage et savoirs professionnels des futurs enseignants
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

in Maubant, Philippe; Martineau, Stéphane (Eds.) Fondements des pratiques professionnelles des enseignants (2011)

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See detailLeibniz et la question du possible
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULg

in À l'émergence de la modernité : Histoire des idées au XVIIe siècle (2011)

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See detailLe syndrome d'oedeme medullaire de la tete femorale.
Vande Berg, B.; Lecouvet, F.; Koutaissoff, S. et al

in Journal de Radiologie (2011), 92(6), 557-66

Transient bone marrow edema of the hip is characterized by moderate homogeneous low MR signal intensity with ill-defined margins that involves at least a portion of the femoral head. Spin echo T1-weighted ... [more ▼]

Transient bone marrow edema of the hip is characterized by moderate homogeneous low MR signal intensity with ill-defined margins that involves at least a portion of the femoral head. Spin echo T1-weighted images are helpful to exclude other underlying diseases (tumor, infection, necrosis from systemic origin...), for which marrow edema is secondary or no epiphyseal in location. High-resolution fat-suppressed T2-weighted or proton density images allow evaluation of the articular cartilage, subchondral bone and subchondal marrow: if the articular cartilage is abnormal, the lesion is irreversible (arthrosis or necrosis); if the subchondral bone is focally interrupted and/or if the femoral is no longer spherical, the lesion is irreversible (necrosis); if a focal linear fluid collection is present under the subchondral bone, the lesion is irreversible (necrosis). Finally, subchondral changes may provide useful prognostic information: the absence of any abnormality other than marrow edema typically indicates that complete resolution is likely; the presence of a focal T2-weighted hypointense lesion immediately next to the subchondral bone suggests an irreversible lesion, especially if it is equal to or thicker than 4mm or the joint space. In some instances, prognosis cannot be reliably determined requiring the need for follow-up imaging. [less ▲]

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See detailIs there really an Azores diversity enigma? Insights from the phylogeography of the heather Erica scoparia s.l.
Desamore, Aurélie ULg

Poster (2011)

The Azorean flora, in contrast to that of other archipelagos, is characterized by a paucity of evolutionary radiations and the widespread distribution of most endemics. Several hypotheses, including ... [more ▼]

The Azorean flora, in contrast to that of other archipelagos, is characterized by a paucity of evolutionary radiations and the widespread distribution of most endemics. Several hypotheses, including isolation from the continent, recent age, ecological homogeneity, and limited paleoclimatic variations, have been proposed to account for this pattern. These hypotheses are tested here within the context of the molecular phylogeography of the heather Erica scoparia s.l., a Mediterraneo-Atlantic species complex distributed across Macaronesia, North Africa and southwestern Europe. The marked molecular radiation of this species in the Azores, including an array of single-island endemics, suggests that the apparent homogeneity of the Azorean flora might, in fact, conceal undetected patterns of endemism that are similar to those observed in the Canarian flora for morphological data. Haplotype richness was higher in the Azores than in the Canaries and extensive dispersal mediated allopatry is apparent at the molecular level. The Azores were colonized at least twice independently by E. scoparia, whereas the Canarian haplotypes are monophyletic, suggesting that the greater distance between the Azores and the continent does not necessarily hamper the chances of successful colonization. [less ▲]

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See detailThree-dimensional void space structure of activated carbon packed beds
Almazan Almazan, Maria Del Carmen; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Job, Nathalie ULg et al

in Journal of Porous Materials (2011), 18

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See detailPlasma phospholipid long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and body weight change.
Jakobsen, Marianne U.; Dethlefsen, Claus; Due, Karen M. et al

in Obesity facts (2011), 4(4), 312-8

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the proportion of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in plasma phospholipids from blood samples drawn at enrollment and subsequent change ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the proportion of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in plasma phospholipids from blood samples drawn at enrollment and subsequent change in body weight. Sex, age, and BMI were considered as potential effect modifiers. METHOD: A total of 1,998 women and men participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) were followed for a median of 4.9 years. The associations between the proportion of plasma phospholipid long-chain n-3 PUFA and change in weight were investigated using mixed-effect linear regression. RESULTS: The proportion of long-chain n-3 PUFA was not associated with change in weight. Among all participants, the 1-year weight change was -0.7 g per 1% point higher long-chain n-3 PUFA level (95% confidence interval: -20.7 to 19.3). The results when stratified by sex, age, or BMI groups were not systematically different. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the proportion of long-chain n-3 PUFA in plasma phospholipids is not associated with subsequent change in body weight within the range of exposure in the general population. [less ▲]

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