References of "2011"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailTropical forest carbon stocks estimates. Is tree aboveground biomass variability at the landscape scale really non-significant in a REDD+ context?
Bastin, Jean-François ULg; Bogaert, Jan ULg; De Cannière, C

in Research Priorities in Tropical Silviculture: Towards New Paradigms? (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMathematical modeling of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion in tissue engineering using continuum models
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Gerisch, A.

in Geffen, A. (Ed.) Cellular and Biomolecular Mechanics and Mechanobiology (2011)

Key factors in the formation of cell aggregates in tissue engineering and other fields are the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Other important factors are culture conditions such as nutrient and ... [more ▼]

Key factors in the formation of cell aggregates in tissue engineering and other fields are the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Other important factors are culture conditions such as nutrient and oxygen supply and the characteristics of the environment (medium versus hydrogel). As mathematical models are increasingly used to investigate biological phenomena, it is important that processes such as cell adhesion are adequately described in the models. Recently a technique was developed to incorporate cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion in continuum models through the use of non-local terms. In this study we apply this technique to model adhesion in a cell-in-gel culture set-up often found in tissue engineering applications. We briefly describe the biological issues underlying this study and the various modeling techniques used to capture adhesive behaviour. We furthermore elaborate on the numerical techniques that were developed in the course of this study. Finally, we consider a tissue engineering model that describes the spatiotemporal evolution of the concentration of cells, matrix, hydrogel, matrix degrading enzymes and oxygen/nutrients in a cell-in-gel culture system. Sensitivity analyses indicate a clear influence of the different adhesive processes on the final cell and collagen density and distribution, demonstrating the significance of cell adhesion in tissue engineering and the potential of the proposed mathematical technique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe growth function of S-recognizable sets
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Rampersad, Narad

in Theoretical Computer Science (2011), 412(39), 5400-5408

A set X ⊆ N is S-recognizable for an abstract numeration system S, if the set rep_S (X) of its representations is accepted by a finite automaton. We show that the growth function of an S-recognizable set ... [more ▼]

A set X ⊆ N is S-recognizable for an abstract numeration system S, if the set rep_S (X) of its representations is accepted by a finite automaton. We show that the growth function of an S-recognizable set is always either Θ((log(n))^(c−df) n^f ) where c, d ∈ N and f ≥ 1, or Θ(n^r θ^(Θ(n^q))), where r, q ∈ Q with q ≤ 1. If the number of words of length n in the numeration language is bounded by a polynomial, then the growth function of an S-recognizable set is Θ(nr ), where r ∈ Q with r ≥ 1. Furthermore, for every r ∈ Q with r ≥ 1, we can provide an abstract numeration system S built on a polynomial language and an S-recognizable set such that the growth function of X is Θ(n^r ). For all positive integers k and ℓ, we can also provide an abstract numeration system S built on an exponential language and an S-recognizable set such that the growth function of X is Θ((log(n))^k n^ℓ). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDioxin2011 Highlights
Focant, Jean-François ULg

Report (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTravailler moins pour travailler plus longtemps
Cremer, Helmuth; Dedonder, Philippe; Maldonado, Dario et al

in Annales d’Economie et de Statistique = Annals of Economics and Statistics (2011), 2(101/102), 257-270

Nous développons un modèle dans lequel les travailleurs peuvent avoir tendance à trop travailler quand ils sont jeunes, parce qu’ils ne peuvent ou ne veulent pas voir les conséquences que cela peut avoir ... [more ▼]

Nous développons un modèle dans lequel les travailleurs peuvent avoir tendance à trop travailler quand ils sont jeunes, parce qu’ils ne peuvent ou ne veulent pas voir les conséquences que cela peut avoir sur leur santé et sur leur capacité à travailler longtemps. Pour les obliger à mieux répartir leurs efforts sur leur cycle de vie, une taxe sur les revenus du travail en début de vie et une subvention de l’épargne sont souhaitables. Si la subvention de l’épargne n’est pas disponible, la taxe optimale arbitre entre quatre considérations différentes. Nous étudions également la taxe optimale quand les individus diffèrent en productivité. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBespreking HvJ 18 maart 2010
Peeters, Bart ULg

in Rechtskundig Weekblad (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrincipaux modèles utilisés en régression logistique
Gillet, Adeline; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 425-433

Regression is a commonly used technique for describing the relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variables. When the response variable is a categorical variable, usual ... [more ▼]

Regression is a commonly used technique for describing the relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variables. When the response variable is a categorical variable, usual regression based on ordinary least squares should be replaced by logistic regression. Binary logistic regression should be used to perform a regression on a dichotomous response. Nominal polytomous logistic regression applies to a categorical response variable that has more than two levels with a natural ordering. And ordinal polytomous logistic regression is used when the response is a categorical variable that has more than two levels with a natural ordering. This note gives an overview of these logistic regression methods and describes three models commonly used when performing ordinal logistic regression. These models are illustrated by an example related to oak decline in the Walloon Region (Belgium). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRefinement of Non-Linear Magnetic Models via a Finite Element Subproblem Method
Dular, Patrick ULg; Krähenbühl, Laurent; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

(2011)

Model refinements of non-linear magnetic circuits are performed via a finite element subproblem method. A com- plete problem is split into subproblems to allow a progression from 1-D to 3-D including ... [more ▼]

Model refinements of non-linear magnetic circuits are performed via a finite element subproblem method. A com- plete problem is split into subproblems to allow a progression from 1-D to 3-D including linear to non-linear model corrections. Its solution is then expressed as the sum of the subproblem solu- tions supported by different meshes. A convenient and robust correction procedure is proposed allowing independent overlapping meshes for both source and reaction fields. It simplifies both meshing and solving processes, and quantifies the gain given by each refinement on both local fields and global quantities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 ULg)
See detailLa société : contrat ou institution ?
Corbisier, Isabelle ULg

Book published by Bruylant (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailObservations
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Journal des Juges de Paix = Tijdschrift van de Vrederecters (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA study of institutional environment and household food security at local level in Rwanda
Mathai, Jose A.; Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Niwemahoro, Celine et al

in Rwanda Journal (2011), 22(Série B : Social Sciences), 96-128

The study looked into the current scenario of food security in Rwanda. After analysing the national level institutional and food security scenarios by using available secondary data, the researchers used ... [more ▼]

The study looked into the current scenario of food security in Rwanda. After analysing the national level institutional and food security scenarios by using available secondary data, the researchers used primary data that have been collected from a random sample of 200 households spreading over six sectors of the Huye district by using structured interview schedule, as well using a case study of a rice cooperative in Huye district. Focus group discussions with all stake holders concerned with food security at local level enriched the data that we collected by other means. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to attain the food security at local level in Rwanda lot more to be done. Among other things, strengthening existing local institutions like farmer cooperatives, improving agricultural production technology, diversifying household income sources for better access, and genuine integration of food security concerns in the district development plans. The researchers come out with certain policy recommendations that may make the local level food security more sustainable which includes, among others, the orientation of the households well into the new modes of agricultural production and planning of household income. The need for much more local level institutional support in many areas is highlighted. On the whole, the study addressed the concerns of food access among rural households in Rwanda, and also the much wanted institutional support being exposed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElectron-deficient 1- and 2-aza-1,3-dienes: a comprehensive survey of their synthesis and reactivity
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg; Masschelein, Kurt; Stevens, Christian

in Chemical Society Reviews (2011), 40

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailInterface cerveau-ordinateur : une aide à la communication ?
Chatelle, Camille ULg; Lugo, Zulay; Noirhomme, Quentin ULg et al

in Schnakers, Caroline; Laureys, Steven (Eds.) Coma et états de conscience altérée (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDirect nano-in-micropatterning of TiO2 thin layers and TiO2/Pt nanoelectrode arrays by deep X-ray lithography
Faustini, M.; Marmiroli, B.; Malfatti, L. et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2011), 21

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamiliarité spatiale dans deux communes périurbaines belges
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cahiers de Géographie du Quebec (2011), 55(154), 51-65

Analysing spatial familiarity aims to measure how places included in the life-world and in the cognitive map are familiar. Based on the study of Gale, Golledge, Halperin & Couclelis (1990), this paper ... [more ▼]

Analysing spatial familiarity aims to measure how places included in the life-world and in the cognitive map are familiar. Based on the study of Gale, Golledge, Halperin & Couclelis (1990), this paper explores the spatial familiarity of the inhabitants of two municipalities at the fringe of Liege (Belgium): it questions the links between the cognitive dimensions (visual, nominal, localisation) and themselves and the behavioural dimension (passing). It seeks new relevant places for the population of these urban fringe as well as the favourable factors to a good familiarity of a place. Finally, it scrutinizes the influence of people's mobility – period of residence, commuting to work, modes of transport – on spatial familiarity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (51 ULg)
Full Text
See detailErnest de Bavière et la musique
Corswarem, Emilie ULg

in Halleux, Robert; Xhayet, Geneviève (Eds.) Ernest de Bavière (1554-1612) et son temps. L’automne flamboyant de la Renaissance entre Meuse et Rhin (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
See detailL’hypertrophie bénigne de la prostate
Andrianne, Robert ULg; Sempels, Maxime ULg

in opsomer, reinier; De Leval, Jean (Eds.) Incontinences Urinaires de L'Homme (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (2 ULg)