References of "2011"
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See detailOral salt supplementation and long-distance exercise
Lehance, Cédric ULg; Rodriguez de la Cruz, Carlos ULg; Counet, Laurence ULg et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (2011), 45

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See detailLe ciel est bleu comme une horloge...
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailcompte rendu de : Giuseppe ARICÒ – Massimo RIVOLTELLA (Ed.), La riflessione sul teatro nella cultura romana
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2011)

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See detailDeforestation in Central and West Africa: landscape dynamics, anthropogenic effects and ecological consequences.
Barima, Y S S; Djibu, J P; Alongo, S et al

in Daniels, J A (Ed.) Advances in Environmental Research - Volume 7 (2011)

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See detailBRYOPHYTES DU PARC NATIONAL DU MERCANTOUR : METHODES ET RESULTATS DE LA CAMPAGNE D'INVENTAIRES 2010 ATBI+M
Saatkamp, Arne; Aleffi, Michele; de Biaggi, Marta et al

in Biocosme Mesogeen (2011), 28(2), 23-50

During the All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory + Monitoring programme (ATBI+M) in the Mercantour and Alpi Marittime National Parks, our inventories of bryophytes identified 234 taxa (mosses and liverworts ... [more ▼]

During the All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory + Monitoring programme (ATBI+M) in the Mercantour and Alpi Marittime National Parks, our inventories of bryophytes identified 234 taxa (mosses and liverworts). This work completes the previous field campaigns, notably those of Jean-Pierre Hebrard (I MEP, Marseille) since 1965, and the ATBI bryophyte inventories in 2007. This number is based on four days of inventories in the central and peripheric territory of both National Parks, in four days in July and August 2010, together with previous data the 565 taxa known from the area still underestimate the number of species actually present. Our observations in 2010 added several new species for this area, including several rare and remarkable species such as Haplomitrium hookeri or species listed under the Habitats Directive as Buxbaumia viridis and Orthotrichum rogeri. Given the rarity of their habitats species from snow beds, large block boulders and high altitude wetlands are most remarkable. [less ▲]

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See detailTropical forest carbon stocks estimates. Is tree aboveground biomass variability at the landscape scale really non-significant in a REDD+ context?
Bastin, Jean-François ULg; Bogaert, Jan ULg; De Cannière, C

in Research Priorities in Tropical Silviculture: Towards New Paradigms? (2011)

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See detailComparison of the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness and Glasgow Liege Scale/Glasgow Coma Scale in an Intensive Care Unit Population.
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; LEDOUX, Didier ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg et al

in Neurocritical Care (2011), 15(3), 447-53

BACKGROUND: The Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) has been proposed as an alternative for the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)/Glasgow Liege Scale (GLS) in the evaluation of consciousness in severely brain ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) has been proposed as an alternative for the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)/Glasgow Liege Scale (GLS) in the evaluation of consciousness in severely brain-damaged patients. We compared the FOUR and GLS/GCS in intensive care unit patients who were admitted in a comatose state. METHODS: FOUR and GLS evaluations were performed in randomized order in 176 acutely (<1 month) brain-damaged patients. GLS scores were transformed in GCS scores by removing the GLS brainstem component. Inter-rater agreement was assessed in 20% of the studied population (N = 35). A logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, and etiology was performed to assess the link between the studied scores and the outcome 3 months after injury (N = 136). RESULTS: GLS/GCS verbal component was scored 1 in 146 patients, among these 131 were intubated. We found that the inter-rater reliability was good for the FOUR score, the GLS/GCS. FOUR, GLS/GCS total scores predicted functional outcome with and without adjustment for age and etiology. 71 patients were considered as being in a vegetative/unresponsive state based on the GLS/GCS. The FOUR score identified 8 of these 71 patients as being minimally conscious given that these patients showed visual pursuit. CONCLUSIONS: The FOUR score is a valid tool with good inter-rater reliability that is comparable to the GLS/GCS in predicting outcome. It offers the advantage to be performable in intubated patients and to identify non-verbal signs of consciousness by assessing visual pursuit, and hence minimal signs of consciousness (11% in this study), not assessed by GLS/GCS scales. [less ▲]

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See detailComputation of induced fields into the human body by using dual formulations
Scorretti, Riccardo; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Morel, L. et al

(2011)

In this work we present the use of two dual formulations to compute Extremely Low frequency (ELF) induced fields into the human body. This allows to estimate the numerical error, as well as rigorously ... [more ▼]

In this work we present the use of two dual formulations to compute Extremely Low frequency (ELF) induced fields into the human body. This allows to estimate the numerical error, as well as rigorously bound the (global) co-energy. This method is here applied to the classical case of the exposure to a homogeneous magnetic field. [less ▲]

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See detailBulletin de la Commission royale pour la publication des Anciennes Lois et Ordonnances de Belgique
Marchandisse, Alain ULg

Book published by Ministère de la Justice (2011)

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See detailDioxin2011 Highlights
Focant, Jean-François ULg

Report (2011)

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See detailTravailler moins pour travailler plus longtemps
Cremer, Helmuth; Dedonder, Philippe; Maldonado, Dario et al

in Annales d’Economie et de Statistique = Annals of Economics and Statistics (2011), 2(101/102), 257-270

Nous développons un modèle dans lequel les travailleurs peuvent avoir tendance à trop travailler quand ils sont jeunes, parce qu’ils ne peuvent ou ne veulent pas voir les conséquences que cela peut avoir ... [more ▼]

Nous développons un modèle dans lequel les travailleurs peuvent avoir tendance à trop travailler quand ils sont jeunes, parce qu’ils ne peuvent ou ne veulent pas voir les conséquences que cela peut avoir sur leur santé et sur leur capacité à travailler longtemps. Pour les obliger à mieux répartir leurs efforts sur leur cycle de vie, une taxe sur les revenus du travail en début de vie et une subvention de l’épargne sont souhaitables. Si la subvention de l’épargne n’est pas disponible, la taxe optimale arbitre entre quatre considérations différentes. Nous étudions également la taxe optimale quand les individus diffèrent en productivité. [less ▲]

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See detailPrincipaux modèles utilisés en régression logistique
Gillet, Adeline; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 425-433

Regression is a commonly used technique for describing the relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variables. When the response variable is a categorical variable, usual ... [more ▼]

Regression is a commonly used technique for describing the relationship between a response variable and one or more explanatory variables. When the response variable is a categorical variable, usual regression based on ordinary least squares should be replaced by logistic regression. Binary logistic regression should be used to perform a regression on a dichotomous response. Nominal polytomous logistic regression applies to a categorical response variable that has more than two levels with a natural ordering. And ordinal polytomous logistic regression is used when the response is a categorical variable that has more than two levels with a natural ordering. This note gives an overview of these logistic regression methods and describes three models commonly used when performing ordinal logistic regression. These models are illustrated by an example related to oak decline in the Walloon Region (Belgium). [less ▲]

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See detailEuler
Dupont, Pascal ULg

in Courtois, Luc; Pirotte, Jean (Eds.) Mémoires de Wallonie : Les rues de Louvain-la-Neuve racontent... (2011)

Biographical notice of Leonhard Euler.

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See detailLa contradiction des motifs : réflexions à partir du droit belge
Henry, Frédéric ULg; Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Revue de l'Arbitrage (2011)

La contradiction des motifs d'une sentence arbitrale ne devrait pas être assimilée à l'absence de ses motifs et ne pas conduire à l'annulation de la sentence

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See detailOptimizing early nutritional support based on recent recommendations in VLBW infants and postnatal growth restriction
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (2011), 53(5), 536-542

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See detailRepresenting real numbers in a generalized numeration system
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Le Gonidec, Marion; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Journal of Computer & System Sciences (2011), 77

We show how to represent an interval of real numbers in an abstract numeration system built on a language that is not necessarily regular. As an application, we consider representations of real numbers ... [more ▼]

We show how to represent an interval of real numbers in an abstract numeration system built on a language that is not necessarily regular. As an application, we consider representations of real numbers using the Dyck language. We also show that our framework can be applied to the rational base numeration systems. [less ▲]

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See detailA study of institutional environment and household food security at local level in Rwanda
Mathai, Jose A.; Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Niwemahoro, Celine et al

in Rwanda Journal (2011), 22(Série B : Social Sciences), 96-128

The study looked into the current scenario of food security in Rwanda. After analysing the national level institutional and food security scenarios by using available secondary data, the researchers used ... [more ▼]

The study looked into the current scenario of food security in Rwanda. After analysing the national level institutional and food security scenarios by using available secondary data, the researchers used primary data that have been collected from a random sample of 200 households spreading over six sectors of the Huye district by using structured interview schedule, as well using a case study of a rice cooperative in Huye district. Focus group discussions with all stake holders concerned with food security at local level enriched the data that we collected by other means. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to attain the food security at local level in Rwanda lot more to be done. Among other things, strengthening existing local institutions like farmer cooperatives, improving agricultural production technology, diversifying household income sources for better access, and genuine integration of food security concerns in the district development plans. The researchers come out with certain policy recommendations that may make the local level food security more sustainable which includes, among others, the orientation of the households well into the new modes of agricultural production and planning of household income. The need for much more local level institutional support in many areas is highlighted. On the whole, the study addressed the concerns of food access among rural households in Rwanda, and also the much wanted institutional support being exposed. [less ▲]

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