References of "2011"
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See detailClosure to "Energy Dissipation and Turbulent Production in Weak Hydraulic Jumps" by E. Mignot and R. Cienfuegos
Mignot, E.; Peltier, Yann ULg; Cienfuegos, R.

in Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (2011), 137(8), 862-863

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See detailLarge carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) in Western Europe: a review
Dekeirsschieter, Jessica ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 425-437

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic ... [more ▼]

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic context and investigations. However, some Silphidae present the desirable characteristics of some Diptera used in postmortem estimates and thus may extend the minimum postmortem interval (PMImin). We review here the taxonomy and distribution of Western Palearctic Silphidae. The anatomical and morphological characteristics of both subfamilies are described for adults and larvae. The biology and ecology of silphids are also summarized for Silphinae and Nicrophorinae. A specific chapter gives an overview of the current uses of Silphidae in forensic entomology as postmortem indicator. [less ▲]

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See detailA partial hybrid stress solid-shell element for the analysis of laminated composites
Rah, Kamran; Van Paepegem, Wim; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineerinrg (2011), 200(49-52), 35263539

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has ... [more ▼]

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has eight nodes with only displacement degrees of freedoms, and three-dimensional constitutive models can be directly employed in the present formulation without any additional treatment. The assumed interlaminar stress field provides very accurate interlaminar stress calculation through the element thickness. These elements can be stacked on top of each other to model multilayer structures, fulfilling the interlaminar stress continuity at the interlayer surfaces and zero traction conditions on the top and bottom surfaces of the laminate. The present solid-shell does not show the transverse shear, trapezoidal and thickness locking phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detail"Interculturalité et didactique des langues étrangères"
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Defays, Jean-Marc (Ed.) Plurilinguisme et diversité culturelle dans les relations internationales; Points de vue russes et belges (2011)

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See detailIdentifying the default-mode component in spatial IC analyses of patients with disorders of consciousness.
Soddu, Andrea ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Human Brain Mapping (2011)

Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers ... [more ▼]

Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers. We here aimed to identify the DMN in the challenging patient population of disorders of consciousness encountered following coma. Experimental design: A spatial independent component analysis-based methodology permitted DMN assessment, decomposing connectivity in all its different sources either neuronal or artifactual. Three different selection criteria were introduced assessing anticorrelation-corrected connectivity with or without an automatic masking procedure and calculating connectivity scores encompassing both spatial and temporal properties. These three methods were validated on 10 healthy controls and applied to an independent group of 8 healthy controls and 11 severely brain-damaged patients [locked-in syndrome (n = 2), minimally conscious (n = 1), and vegetative state (n = 8)]. Principal observations: All vegetative patients showed fewer connections in the default-mode areas, when compared with controls, contrary to locked-in patients who showed near-normal connectivity. In the minimally conscious-state patient, only the two selection criteria considering both spatial and temporal properties were able to identify an intact right lateralized BOLD connectivity pattern, and metabolic PET data suggested its neuronal origin. Conclusions: When assessing resting-state connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness, it is important to use a methodology excluding non-neuronal contributions caused by head motion, respiration, and heart rate artifacts encountered in all studied patients. Hum Brain Mapp, 2011. (c) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailCoping with Minority Status: Responses to Exclusion and Inclusion
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Contemporary Sociology: a Journal of Reviews (2011), 40(2), 158-159

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See detailNotched Specimens Fracture Prediction with an Advanced GTN Model
Fansi Tchonko, Joseph ULg; Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg; Balan, Tudor et al

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2011), 488-489

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See detailLa tradizione fiorentina della Supplicatione d’Italia al re di Francia. Con una nuova edizione critica
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Filologia e Critica (2011), XXXV(2), 1-33

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See detailLe Michelsberg de Pont-de-Bonne (province de Liège, Belgique)
Delye, Emmanuel ULg; Gilson, Simon-Pierre; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Revue Archéologique de Picardie (2011)

Since the beginning of research on the éperon barré of Pont-de-Bonne (Modave, Belgium), we have recovered artefacts attributed to the Middle Neolithic. More recently, during excavation of the entrance ... [more ▼]

Since the beginning of research on the éperon barré of Pont-de-Bonne (Modave, Belgium), we have recovered artefacts attributed to the Middle Neolithic. More recently, during excavation of the entrance system of the fortification, a pot hole and a waste accumulation zone have been analysed. These structures contained abundant archaeological material (ceramic sherd, lithic and bone artefact and fauna). Three radiometric dates have been obtained. The ceramic assemblage is typical of the Belgian Michelsberg and a decorated vase shows Bischheim affinities. [less ▲]

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See detailRapid, High Quality DNA Isolation from Tunisian Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivars and Optimization of the RAPD Marker Technique
Ghaffari, Sana; Hasnaoui, Nejib ULg; Ferchichi, Ali

in Romanian Biotechnological Letters (2011), 16(1), 5881-5890

Various problems are encountered during DNA extraction from Vitis species, harbouring high levels of secondary metabolites and polysaccharides. A simple and highly efficient protocol for isolating large ... [more ▼]

Various problems are encountered during DNA extraction from Vitis species, harbouring high levels of secondary metabolites and polysaccharides. A simple and highly efficient protocol for isolating large quantities (0.5±0.3 mg.g-1 of leaf tissue) of high-quality DNA, from dry young Vitis vinifera leaves, is described in the present study. Thus, three different DNA extraction protocols were examined. The isolated DNA is essentially free of polysaccharides, polyphenols, and other major contaminants as judged by viscosity, clear color, A260/280 ratio, and RAPD suitability. Moreover, the RAPD profiling from the isolated DNA was optimized to produce scorable and clear amplicons in all studied cultivars. [less ▲]

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See detailLa construction de l’ “écrivain francophone” : analyse comparée de deux structures médiatrices
Provenzano, François ULg

in Alvès, Audrey; Pourchet, Maria (Eds.) Les médiations de l'écrivain : les conditions de la création littéraire (2011)

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See detailLe ciel est bleu comme une horloge...
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailBrain functional integration decreases during propofol-induced loss of consciousness.
Schrouff, Jessica ULg; Perlbarg, Vincent; Boly, Mélanie ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2011), 57(1), 198-205

Consciousness has been related to the amount of integrated information that the brain is able to generate. In this paper, we tested the hypothesis that the loss of consciousness caused by propofol ... [more ▼]

Consciousness has been related to the amount of integrated information that the brain is able to generate. In this paper, we tested the hypothesis that the loss of consciousness caused by propofol anesthesia is associated with a significant reduction in the capacity of the brain to integrate information. To assess the functional structure of the whole brain, functional integration and partial correlations were computed from fMRI data acquired from 18 healthy volunteers during resting wakefulness and propofol-induced deep sedation. Total integration was significantly reduced from wakefulness to deep sedation in the whole brain as well as within and between its constituent networks (or systems). Integration was systematically reduced within each system (i.e., brain or networks), as well as between networks. However, the ventral attentional network maintained interactions with most other networks during deep sedation. Partial correlations further suggested that functional connectivity was particularly affected between parietal areas and frontal or temporal regions during deep sedation. Our findings suggest that the breakdown in brain integration is the neural correlate of the loss of consciousness induced by propofol. They stress the important role played by parietal and frontal areas in the generation of consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of affective valence on DRM false memories in younger and older adults
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Laroi, Frank; Van der Linden, Martial

Poster (2011)

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See detailCharacterization of the response of GFP microbial biosensors sensitive to substrate limitation in scale-down bioreactors
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Brognaux, Alison ULg; Gorret, Nathalie et al

in Biochemical Engineering Journal (2011), 55(2), 131-139

The dynamics of microbial stress response in intensive cultivation conditions remains not completely understood. In this work, two green fluorescent protein (GFP) transcriptional reporters have been used ... [more ▼]

The dynamics of microbial stress response in intensive cultivation conditions remains not completely understood. In this work, two green fluorescent protein (GFP) transcriptional reporters have been used as biosensors of the heterogeneities generated in a two-compartment scale-down reactor. The stress promoters have been chosen for their responsiveness to carbon limitation corresponding to the global substrate profiles encountered in intensive fed-batch cultures. From our results, it can be concluded that the exposure of microbial cells to substrates heterogeneities tends to decrease the GFP expression level in fed-batch mode. Fluorescence intensities have been monitored at the single cell level by using flow cytometry. During the course of the fed-batch culture, a drop at the level of the intracellular GFP content has been observed for the two scale-down operating conditions and for the two promoters sensitive to substrate limitation (rpoS and csiE). The fluorescence drop can be attributed to the repression of these promoters but also to the release of GFP to the extracellular medium according to the increase of the fluorescence level of the supernatant. This leakage has been observed for all the operating conditions, i.e. the scale-down reactors and the culture operating in the normal mode, i.e. in a well-mixed bioreactor. Interestingly, GFP leakage is more pronounced in the case of the cultures operated in the normal mode. Indeed, staining by propidium iodide tends to be more elevated for the microbial cells cultured under the normal mode by comparison with those cultured in scale-down conditions, indicating a higher permeability of the membrane. These results suggest that GFP microbial biosensors could be used to detect simultaneously mixing imperfections and their impact on the viability of microorganisms. [less ▲]

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See detailcompte rendu de : Giuseppe ARICÒ – Massimo RIVOLTELLA (Ed.), La riflessione sul teatro nella cultura romana
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2011)

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See detail392 poster INTERNATIONAL IMRT CREDENTIALING BY PHYSICAL PHANTOM IRRADIATION: THE EORTC ROG EXPERIENCE
Fairchild, Alysa; GULYBAN, Akos ULg; Denis, J. M. et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (2011), 99

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See detailModel of the Jovian magnetic field topology constrained by the Io auroral emissions
Hess, S. L. G.; Bonfond, Bertrand ULg; Zarka, P. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics (2011), 116

The determination of the internal magnetic field of Jupiter has been the object of many studies and publications. These models have been computed from the Pioneer, Voyager, and Ulysses measurements. Some ... [more ▼]

The determination of the internal magnetic field of Jupiter has been the object of many studies and publications. These models have been computed from the Pioneer, Voyager, and Ulysses measurements. Some models also use the position of the Io footprints as a constraint: the magnetic field lines mapping to the footprints must have their origins along Io's orbit. The use of this latter constraint to determine the internal magnetic field models greatly improved the modeling of the auroral emissions, in particular the radio ones, which strongly depends on the magnetic field geometry. This constraint is, however, not sufficient for allowing a completely accurate modeling. The fact that the footprint field line should map to a longitude close to Io's was not used, so that the azimuthal component of the magnetic field could not be precisely constrained. Moreover, a recent study showed the presence of a magnetic anomaly in the northern hemisphere, which has never been included in any spherical harmonic decomposition of the internal magnetic field. We compute a decomposition of the Jovian internal magnetic field into spherical harmonics, which allows for a more accurate mapping of the magnetic field lines crossing Io, Europa, and Ganymede orbits to the satellite footprints observed in UV. This model, named VIPAL, is mostly constrained by the Io footprint positions, including the longitudinal constraint, and normalized by the Voyager and Pioneer magnetic field measurements. We show that the surface magnetic fields predicted by our model are more consistent with the observed frequencies of the Jovian radio emissions than those predicted by previous models. [less ▲]

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See detailStrategic Analysis of Risk-Shifting Incentives with Convertible Debt
François, Pascal; Hübner, Georges ULg; Papageorgiou, Nicolas

in Quarterly Journal of Finance (2011), 1(2), 293-321

Convertible debt eliminates asset substitution in a one-period setting (Green, 1984). But convertible debt terms are usually set before the asset substitution opportunity. This allows shareholders and ... [more ▼]

Convertible debt eliminates asset substitution in a one-period setting (Green, 1984). But convertible debt terms are usually set before the asset substitution opportunity. This allows shareholders and convertible debtholders to play a strategic noncooperative game. Two risk-shifting Nash equilibria are attainable: pure asset substitution when, despite no conversion, shareholders benefit from shifting risk, and strategic conversion when, despite early conversion, convertible debtholders expropriate wealth from straight debtholders. Even when initial convertible debt is designed to minimize the risk-shifting likelihood, the risk of asset substitution remains economically substantial — contrasting with the agency theoretic rationale for issuing convertible debt. [less ▲]

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See detailL'automne de Black Market International (événement + plasticité = performance)
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in Culture, le magazine culturel de l'Université de Liège (2011)

À l'occasion de ses 25 ans, le collectif de performeurs Black Market International (BMI) proposait cet automne un « anniversary tour » à travers la Pologne et l'Allemagne, qui devait finir au Performance ... [more ▼]

À l'occasion de ses 25 ans, le collectif de performeurs Black Market International (BMI) proposait cet automne un « anniversary tour » à travers la Pologne et l'Allemagne, qui devait finir au Performance Art Festival « Bone 13 » à Berne en Suisse. Dans le cadre de cette tournée créative, BMI présentait à Cologne – en marge des milieux les plus courus par les amateurs d'art – une session de performance art très remarquée à l'Orangerie – Theater im Volksgarten (24 nov. 2010). À ceux qui peinent parfois à saisir l'intérêt du genre de la performance, on ne saurait que conseiller une immersion de plusieurs heures dans l'univers décalé de BMI. Il reste qu'une définition claire du medium n'en découlera pas nécessairement puisque les pratiques du performance art sont extrêmement variées : les performeurs ne cessent de transformer eux-mêmes les modes d'utilisation des langages artistiques. On partira donc d'une description minimale : dans un certain espace-temps, des artistes se mettent en mouvement et présentent des actions (portant soit sur des objets, soit sur l'espace, soit sur leur propre corps). Mais replonger dans cette soirée du 24 novembre permettra d'étoffer quelque peu ce point de départ. [less ▲]

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