References of "2011"
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See detailQuality control of Citri reticulatae pericarpium: Exploratory analysis and discrimination.
Tistaert, Christophe; Thierry, Line; Szandrach, Andrzej et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2011), 705(1-2), 111-22

Extracts of Citri reticulatae pericarpium (PCR) are commonly used in the Traditional Chinese Medicine. The quality control of PCR is currently performed by single marker analysis, which can hardly ... [more ▼]

Extracts of Citri reticulatae pericarpium (PCR) are commonly used in the Traditional Chinese Medicine. The quality control of PCR is currently performed by single marker analysis, which can hardly describe the complexity of such natural samples. In this study, a fingerprint methodology for PCR based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed and validated. A total of 69 fingerprints of authenticated PCR samples, commercial PCR samples, mixed peel samples, and other Citrus peels were recorded. Exploratory data analysis allowed optimizing the extraction procedure and detecting mixed peel samples. Once the optimizations were performed and the method validated, discrimination between the authentic PCR samples and all other samples was performed by p-Discriminant Partial Least Squares. The established model was able to differentiate between classes with a high reliability for each sample. Furthermore, evaluation of the score and loading plots of the model indicated nobiletin, tangeretin, naringin and hesperidin as important markers for the quality control of PCR. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of municipal waste management in Belgium (Liège) for the last thirty years
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Renzoni, Roberto ULg; Digneffe, Jean-Marc et al

in SETAC Europe 17th LCA Case Studies Symposium : "Sustainable lifestyles", Budapest 28 February - 1 March 2011 (2011)

Waste is considered as a major concern of our century. Management tools were provided to help municipalities to reduce their emissions and to find the best way to valorize their waste. Life cycle ... [more ▼]

Waste is considered as a major concern of our century. Management tools were provided to help municipalities to reduce their emissions and to find the best way to valorize their waste. Life cycle assessment methodology was used jointly by the University of Liège and by Intradel, inter-municipal of the region of Liège (Belgium) to evaluate the impact of their activities and their improvement through years. [less ▲]

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See detailRetrouver à qui parler ?
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Lettre de l'AIRDF (2011), 50

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See detailThe reduction of the stress response by jasmonic acid and putrescine has a beneficial effect on in vitro tuber formation and development of yam
Kevers, Claire ULg

in Plant Abiotic Stress: From Systems Biology to Sustainable Agriculture 4th International Workshop - Cost Action FA0605 17-17 November 2011 (2011)

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See detailWriting Gender, Re-writing Nation: Wide Sargasso Sea, Annie John, Jane and Louisa Will Soon Come Home, and Myal
Romdhani, Rebecca ULg

in Bucknor, Michael; Donnell, Alison (Eds.) The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature (2011)

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See detailImpact of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) : a survey from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Labopin, Myriam; Niederwieser, Dietger et al

in Blood (2011), 118

The goal of RIC allo-SCT is to harness the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect, while minimizing toxicities and the risk of GVHD. However, prior studies have shown a lower risk of relapse in AML patients ... [more ▼]

The goal of RIC allo-SCT is to harness the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect, while minimizing toxicities and the risk of GVHD. However, prior studies have shown a lower risk of relapse in AML patients (pts) who experienced chronic GVHD after RIC allo-SCT versus in those who did not. Here, we investigated the impact of occurrence of GVHD on transplantation outcomes in a large cohort of AML pts given allogeneic PBSC after RIC conditioning. Data from 1859 AML pts in first (n=1439) or second (n=420) CR transplanted between 2000 and 2009 following a RIC regimen at EBMT affiliated centres were analyzed. Pts were given PBSC from HLA-identical sibling (MRD, n=1208), or from HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUD, n=651). Median pt age at transplantation was 56 y (range, 18–77). 338 male pts were given grafts from female donors. RIC was based on low-dose TBI in 520 (28%) pts, while the remaining pts received chemotherapy-based RIC. ATG was given in 269 (22%) MRD and in 267 (41%) MUD recipients, respectively, while 151 (13%) MRD and 165 (25%) MUD recipients received in-vivo T cell depletion with alemtuzumab. The impact of chronic GVHD on relapse risk, non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and overall survival (OS) was assessed using time-dependent multivariate Cox models and in a landmark analysis at 18 months after transplant. Three-year incidences of relapse, NRM, LFS and OS were 34±1%, 15±1%, 51±2% and 60±2% in MRD recipients, respectively, and 34±2% (p=NS), 24±2% (P<0.001), 42±2% (P=0.001) and 47±2% (P=0.001) in MUD recipients, respectively. Grade II, III and IV acute GVHD were observed in 133 (11%), 61 (5%) and 30 (2%) MRD recipients and in 119 (18%), 41 (6%) and 24 (4%) MUD recipients, respectively. The 3-y cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 47%. Fifty-three percent of patients with chronic GVHD had extensive chronic GVHD, while the remaining 47% had limited chronic GVHD. In multivariate analyses, occurrence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.8; P=0.04), a higher risk of chronic (HR=2.2; P<0.001) and extensive chronic GVHD (HR=2.8; P<0.001), a higher risk of NRM (HR=2.4 P<0.001), a worsened LFS (HR=1.3; P=0.01), and a worsened OS (HR=1.5; P<0.001). In multivariate time-dependent analyses, occurrence of limited chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.7; P=0.05), comparable NRM (HR=1.4; P=0.16), comparable LFS (HR=0.9; P=0.29) and better OS (HR=0.5; P<0.001), while occurrence of extensive chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.6; P=0.01), higher NRM (HR=3.2; P<0.001), a trend for worsened LFS (HR=1.3; P=0.06) and comparable OS (HR=0.9; P=0.34). The median interval from transplantation to occurrence of chronic GVHD was 163 (range, 100–1545) days. To further assess the graft-versus-leukemia effect of chronic GVHD, we performed a landmark analysis in patients who were leukemia-free at 18 months after transplantation (n=776). Median follow-up from this landmark time-point was 24 (range, 0.1–112) months. Two-year relapse, NRM, LFS and OS were 16±2%, 2.5±1%, 82±2%, and 89±2%, respectively, in patients without chronic GVHD before the landmark time-point, versus 9±1% (P=0.001), 8±1% (P<0.001), 83±2% (P=0.65), and 86±2% (P=0.38), respectively, in patients with chronic GVHD before the landmark time-point.In conclusion, in this cohort of AML patients transplanted in remission, occurrence of chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse that translated to better OS in patients with limited chronic GVHD but not in those with extensive chronic GVHD who experienced higher long term NRM, highlighting the need for long term prospective assessment of long term effects and quality of life in patients receiving RIC allo-SCT. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of clay in limestone fillers for self compacting cement based composites
Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Piérard, Julie

in Construction & Building Materials (2011), 25

High workability together with a good resistance to segregation is needed for cement based composites, specifically fresh Self-Compacting Mortars (SCM); in this prospect, the amount of coarse materials ... [more ▼]

High workability together with a good resistance to segregation is needed for cement based composites, specifically fresh Self-Compacting Mortars (SCM); in this prospect, the amount of coarse materials has to be reduced and replaced by fine material. Several limestone fillers are here compared and analysed. These by-products are issued from different industrial sectors, such as the aggregate and lime production industry (quarrying operations) and the ornamental stones industry (sawing operations). Particular attention has been paid to clay content, as consistency of fresh mortars was varying, while other physical characteristics like granulometry remained the same. Relationship between the physico-chemical properties of the fillers and the properties of fresh and hardened mortars are brought forward. Even if it may affect fresh properties of mortars, results clearly show that clay type and content has minor influence than limestone filler itself. [less ▲]

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See detailcompte rendu de : S. Douglas OLSON (Ed.), Athenaeus. The Learned Banqueters. Books 12-13.594b
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2011), 80

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See detailEtude de l'activité antifongique des bactéries lactiques isolées de produits alimentaires fermentés et caractérisation de leurs métabolites inhibiteurs
Ndagano, Dora ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

Summary: The aim of this present research was to study the antifungal properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented Mill flour and fermented cassava in order to use them for ... [more ▼]

Summary: The aim of this present research was to study the antifungal properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented Mill flour and fermented cassava in order to use them for biopreservation. Antifungal activity of these LAB were assessed in MRS solid medium against food spoilage moulds as Aspergillus niger MUCL 28699, Aspergillus niger CWBIF194, Aspergillus tubingensis MP1 and Penicillium crustosum MY1. Three strains, Lactobacillus plantarum VE56, Weissella cibaria FMF4B16 and Weissella paramesenteroides LC11 were selected among 116 for their strongest inhibitory activity and their broad inhibitory spectrum against food moulds. The 4-fold concentrated supernatant of L. plantarum VE56 and W. paramesenteroides LC11 had the strongest inhibitory activity to compare to W. cibaria FMF4B16. The antifungal activity of the cell-free supernatant was pH dependent and insensitive to proteolytic enzymes action suggesting that the inhibitory activity was due to other compounds than proteins. The identification of antifungal compounds by chromatographic studies highlighted the production of phenyllactic acid by the three strains. In addition, 2-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid and 2-hydroxy-4-methylpentanoic acid were produced by L. plantarum VE56 and W. paramesenteroides LC11. However, the concentration assessed in the supernatant was lower than the minimal inhibitory concentration showing a synergic action of all these produced compounds. The effect of the antifungal supernatant of L. plantarum VE56 and W. paramesenteroides LC11 on Aspergillus flavus NRRL 3357 resulted to an inhibition of conidial development and aflatoxin B1 production which was reflected in decreased gene expression of brlA (conidiophore specific transcription factor) and laeA (global regulator of secondary metabolism). These two bacteria also delayed Penicillium expansum MUCL 14498 conidial development in bread. [less ▲]

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See detailActors' benefit analysis on value chain of fresh dairy milk in Vietnam
Tran Huu; Bui, Thi Nga ULg

in Journal of Economics & Development (2011), (169(II)), 32-38

Vietnam locates in the Asia-the most active region, where gains the highest economic growth rate and highest milk consumption in the world. Vietnam also ranks the second among the highest milk ... [more ▼]

Vietnam locates in the Asia-the most active region, where gains the highest economic growth rate and highest milk consumption in the world. Vietnam also ranks the second among the highest milk productivity in the Asia and milk consumption is increasing rapidly. However, the dairy industry in Vietnam is currently able to meet only 22% of domestic demand; the remaining amount has been imported (VOV/VNA, 2008). In addition, raw milk price is very low while retail price is too high. It leads to low effective in the production of the whole chain. This paper is based on the value chain approach within both quantitative and qualitative methods to evaluate a typical fresh value chain in the North of Vietnam in (Moc Chau platation) in 2008 - 2010. The findings show that the dairy plant is the most powerful actor in the chain and it drives the whole chain while power of dairymen is very weak. The value added of the chain is distributed unequally among its actors in whom more benefitable for non-dairy cow producers. In particular, the value added in dairy cow stage would be much lower. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) in Western Europe: a review
Dekeirsschieter, Jessica ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 425-437

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic ... [more ▼]

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic context and investigations. However, some Silphidae present the desirable characteristics of some Diptera used in postmortem estimates and thus may extend the minimum postmortem interval (PMImin). We review here the taxonomy and distribution of Western Palearctic Silphidae. The anatomical and morphological characteristics of both subfamilies are described for adults and larvae. The biology and ecology of silphids are also summarized for Silphinae and Nicrophorinae. A specific chapter gives an overview of the current uses of Silphidae in forensic entomology as postmortem indicator. [less ▲]

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See detailOnderneming en recht. Bedrijfsfiscaliteit
Peeters, Bart ULg

Book published by Knops Publishing (2011)

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See detailBespreking HvJ 18 maart 2010
Peeters, Bart ULg

in Rechtskundig Weekblad (2011)

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See detailTraumatologie du golf
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg

Learning material (2011)

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See detailLa main de Gilliatt-Sumner ou le syndrome de défilé cervicothoracique neurogène vrai. A propos de sept cas opérés.
DUBUISSON, Annie ULg; NGUYEN KHAC, Minh-Tuan ULg; SCHOLTES, Félix ULg et al

in Neuro-Chirurgie (2011), 57(1), 9-14

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical picture of hand atrophy related to a cervical rib or elongated C7 transverse process was well described in the modern literature by Gilliatt and Sumner; in 1970, they ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical picture of hand atrophy related to a cervical rib or elongated C7 transverse process was well described in the modern literature by Gilliatt and Sumner; in 1970, they reported a series of nine patients whose motor status was stabilized following brachial plexus decompression. We report here seven patients suffering from thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), who developed hand atrophy, sometimes because of diagnostic delay. METHODS: The patient's charts were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: The seven patients were all female; the mean age was 43 years. The first complaints were arm pain and paresthesias lasting six months to 5 years. Three patients were treated with C56/C67 discectomy plus disc prosthesis (one patient), ulnar neurolysis at the elbow (the same patient), carpal tunnel release (one patient), and intravenous immunoglobulins (one patient) before TOS diagnosis. Hand atrophy, severe in five patients, was present at presentation. All patients underwent brachial plexus decompression by the anterior (four), posterior (two), or transaxillary (one) approach. This last approach was completed 18 months later by brachial plexus neurolysis via the anterior approach. Postoperatively, motor deficit was improved in two patients and stabilized in five patients. CONCLUSIONS: Physicians' unfamiliarity with TOS diagnosis or their reluctance to accept the diagnosis without electrical confirmation can lead to hand atrophy. Brachial plexus decompression at this stage usually stabilizes the deficit. [less ▲]

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See detailThe hidden function of NIK (NF-κB-Inducing Kinase) in cell death
Boutaffala, Layla; Bertrand, Mathieu; Remouchamps, Caroline ULg et al

Conference (2011)

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