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See detailÉnergie nécessaire au broyage de la biomasse et des produits densifiés
Temmerman, Michaël ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011)

La littérature concernant la consommation énergétique du broyage dans les industries minières montre que cette problématique a été, et est encore, étudiée par de nombreux auteurs. Différents modèles de ... [more ▼]

La littérature concernant la consommation énergétique du broyage dans les industries minières montre que cette problématique a été, et est encore, étudiée par de nombreux auteurs. Différents modèles de broyage sont donc disponibles pour ces industries, en particulier pour le broyage des minerais. Les principaux modèles et certaines de leurs évolutions sont repris dans la présente revue. Le broyage de la biomasse quant à lui a été bien moins étudié. Quelques études ont néanmoins porté sur la mesure des consommations énergétiques engendrées par le broyage de biomasses particulières, dans des systèmes particuliers. Rares sont celles qui prennent en compte suffisamment de paramètres relatifs à la matière entrante et sortante (granulométrie, humidité, origine, etc.) ou les caractéristiques du système de broyage. Pratiquement, aucun modèle de broyage de la biomasse n’a donc été proposé. Concernant le broyage des produits densifiés, aucune donnée ne semble disponible. À la lueur des théories de broyage de l’industrie minière, cette étude propose donc les paramètres à prendre en compte pour une éventuelle modélisation du broyage de la biomasse et des produits densifiés. Mots-clés. Broyage, biomasse, pellets, briquettes, théories [less ▲]

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See detailTolerability of shortened infliximab infusion times in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a single center cohort study
Breynaert, C; Ferrante, F; Fidder, H et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011)

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See detailX-ray CT study of the influence of liquid viscosity on fluid phase distribution in modular catalytic packings
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Viva, Aurora; Brunazzi, Elisabetta et al

in Chemical Engineering Transactions (2011), 24

In the frame of the present study, the influence of liquid viscosity on liquid holdup distribution in a packed column equipped with the modular catalytic packing Katapak-SP 11 is measured. Water and an ... [more ▼]

In the frame of the present study, the influence of liquid viscosity on liquid holdup distribution in a packed column equipped with the modular catalytic packing Katapak-SP 11 is measured. Water and an aqueous solution of glycerine, the viscosity of which equals 10 cP, are used as feed liquids. The estimation of liquid holdup is of great interest due to its strong influence on pressure drop, on solid wetting and on heat and mass transfer coefficients. The experimental technique used is high energy X-ray tomography, which is a unique technique to visualize the local liquid distribution inside the complex structure of packings and to quantify the liquid holdup at different scales. [less ▲]

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See detailSubtrochanteric fractures after long-term treatment with bisphosphonates: a European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis, and International Osteoporosis Foundation Working Group Report.
Rizzoli, R.; Akesson, K.; Bouxsein, M. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011), 22

This paper reviews the evidence for an association between atypical subtrochanteric fractures and long-term bisphosphonate use. Clinical case reports/reviews and case-control studies report this ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the evidence for an association between atypical subtrochanteric fractures and long-term bisphosphonate use. Clinical case reports/reviews and case-control studies report this association, but retrospective phase III trial analyses show no increased risk. Bisphosphonate use may be associated with atypical subtrochanteric fractures, but the case is yet unproven. INTRODUCTION: A Working Group of the European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis and the International Osteoporosis Foundation has reviewed the evidence for a causal association between subtrochanteric fractures and long-term treatment with bisphosphonates, with the aim of identifying areas for further research and providing recommendations for physicians. METHODS: A PubMed search of literature from 1994 to May 2010 was performed using key search terms, and articles pertinent to subtrochanteric fractures following bisphosphonate use were analysed. RESULTS: Several clinical case reports and case reviews report a possible association between atypical fractures at the subtrochanteric region of the femur in bisphosphonate-treated patients. Common features of these 'atypical' fractures include prodromal pain, occurrence with minimal/no trauma, a thickened diaphyseal cortex and transverse fracture pattern. Some small case-control studies report the same association, but a large register-based study and retrospective analyses of phase III trials of bisphosphonates do not show an increased risk of subtrochanteric fractures with bisphosphonate use. The number of atypical subtrochanteric fractures in association with bisphosphonates is an estimated one per 1,000 per year. It is recommended that physicians remain vigilant in assessing their patients treated with bisphosphonates for the treatment or prevention of osteoporosis and advise patients of the potential risks. CONCLUSIONS: Bisphosphonate use may be associated with atypical subtrochanteric fractures, but the case is unproven and requires further research. Were the case to be proven, the risk-benefit ratio still remains favourable for use of bisphosphonates to prevent fractures. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-DNA release mediates the adjuvant effects of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, Denis et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailK-type geomagnetic index nowcast with data quality control
Stankov, Stanimir; Stegen, Koen; Warnant, René ULg

in Annals of Geophysics = Annali di Geofisica (2011), 54(3), 285-295

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See detailPhysical modelling of overbank flows with a groyne set on the floodplain
Peltier, Yann ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

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See detailL'évolution du comble à la lecture des traités français d'architecture du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle
Gilles, Isabelle ULg

in Hoffsummer, Patrick (Ed.) Les charpentes du XIe au XIXe siècle: Grand Ouest de la France. (2011)

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See detailOptimizing early nutritional support based on recent recommendations in VLBW infants and postnatal growth restriction
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (2011), 53(5), 536-542

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See detailEarly effect of hyaluronic acid intra-articular injections on serum and urine biomarkers in patients with knee osteoarthritis: An open-label observational prospective study.
Conrozier, T.; Balblanc, J. C.; Richette, P. et al

in Journal of Orthopaedic Research (2011)

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) intra articular injections (IA) on osteoarthritis (OA) biomarkers in patients with knee OA. Prospective open label study. Fifty ... [more ▼]

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) intra articular injections (IA) on osteoarthritis (OA) biomarkers in patients with knee OA. Prospective open label study. Fifty-one patients with unilateral symptomatic K-OA received IA injections of 2mL of HA on days (D) 1, 7, 14 and were followed 3 months. At D-15 patients were examined and X-rays performed, to exclude patients with bilateral K-OA, or those with more than three symptomatic OA joints. From 15 days (D-15) before the first injection to D90 concomitant therapies were unchanged. Walking pain (WP) on VAS was obtained at each visit. Urine (U) and serum (S) samples were obtained at D-15, D1, D30, and D90. S-C2C, S-Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein, S-HA, S-CS 846 epitope, S-type II collagen propeptide, and U-type II collagen C telopeptide (U-CTX II/creatinin) were assayed. Predictive factors of response were analyzed using logistic regression. Correlations between variables were obtained using Spearman test. Forty-five patients were analyzed. Between D-15 and D1 there was no difference for any biomarkers At D1, WP (SD) was correlated with U-CTX II/creat (p = 0.006). Between D1 and D90: U-CTX II/creat decreased significantly. After adjustment for confounding variables there was a significant correlation between clinical response and U-CTX II/creat variation. U-CTX II and S-HA at baseline were independently predictive of clinical response. This study showed that 90 days after HA IA injections, U-CTX II levels significantly decrease compared to baseline, suggesting a slowdown of type II collagen degradation. (c) 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res. [less ▲]

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See detailBenthic remineralization in the northwest European continental margin (northern Bay of Biscay)
Suykens, Kim; Schmidt, Sabine; Delille, Bruno ULg et al

in Continental Shelf Research (2011), 31

We report a dataset of sediment characteristics and biogeochemical fluxes at the watersediment interface at the northwest European continental margin (northern Bay of Biscay). Cores were obtained in June ... [more ▼]

We report a dataset of sediment characteristics and biogeochemical fluxes at the watersediment interface at the northwest European continental margin (northern Bay of Biscay). Cores were obtained in June 2006, May 2007 and 2008, at 18 stations on the shelf break (120 to 180 m), and at 2 stations on the continental slope (520 m and 680 m). Water-sediment fluxes of dissolved oxygen (O2), total alkalinity (TA), nitrate (NO3-), and dissolved silicate (DSi) were measured at a total of 20 stations. Sediment characteristics include: grain size, chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) and phaeopigment (Phaeo) content, particulate organic (POC) and inorganic (PIC) carbon content, and lead-210 (210Pb) and thorium-234 (234Th) activities. Sediments were sandy (fine to coarse) with organic matter (OM) (1.0 - 4.0 %) and Chl-a (0.01 - 0.95 μg g-1) contents comparable to previous investigations in the same region, and a relatively high PIC fraction (0.8 - 10.2 %). Water-sediment O2 fluxes (-2.4 to -8.4 mmol O2 m-2 d-1) were low compared to other coastal environments and correlated well with OM and Chl-a content. 234Th activity profiles indicated that Chl-a sediment content was mainly controlled by physical mixing processes related to local hydrodynamics. The correlation between water-sediment fluxes of O2 and NO3- indicated a close coupling of nitrification/denitrification and total benthic organic carbon degradation. Dissolution of biogenic silica (0.05 to 0.95 mmol m-2 d-1) seemed uncoupled from organic carbon degradation, as characterized by water-sediment O2 fluxes. The link between water-sediment fluxes of TA and O2 indicated the occurrence of metabolic driven dissolution of calcium carbonates (CaCO3) in the sediments (~ 0.33 ± 0.47 mmol m-2 d-1) which represented ~ 1 % of the pelagic calcification rates due to coccolithophores measured during the cruises. These CaCO3 dissolution rates were below those reported in sediments of continental slopes and of the deep ocean, probably due to the high over-saturation with respect to CaCO3 of the water column overlying the continental shelf sediments of the northern Bay of Biscay. Rates of total benthic organic carbon degradation were low compared to water column rates of primary production and aphotic community respiration obtained during the cruises. [less ▲]

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See detailA new Barremian (Early Cretaceous) ichthyosaur from western Russia
Fischer, Valentin ULg; Masure, Edwige; Arkhangelsky, Maxim et al

in Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (2011), 31(5), 1010-1025

A new ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur, Sveltonectes insolitus gen. et sp. nov., is described from a sub-complete and three-dimensionally preserved specimen from the late Barremian of western Russia. This new ... [more ▼]

A new ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur, Sveltonectes insolitus gen. et sp. nov., is described from a sub-complete and three-dimensionally preserved specimen from the late Barremian of western Russia. This new taxon is supported by 11 cranial, dental, and postcranial autapomorphies, and is also characterized by features previously considered as autapomorphic for some other Ophthalmosauridae, such as a processus narialis on the prefrontal and relatively long hindfins with pre- and postaxial accessory digits. We conducted a new phylogenetic analysis of Thunnosauria, which supports a ‘Stenopterygius-origin’ for Ophthalmosauridae. Sveltonectes is regarded as the sister taxon of Aegirosaurus, which shares a similar skull roof construction. Contrary to most other Cretaceous ichthyosaurs, Sveltonectes is characterized by delicate and sharply pointed teeth, confirming that the Ophthalmosauridae were ecologically highly diversified during the Early Cretaceous [less ▲]

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See detailEthologie et psychiatrie : hommage au travail du Docteur Albert Demaret
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2011), 111(4), 8-12

Albert Demaret (1933-2011) is one of the pioneers of evolutionary psychiatry and of an ethological conception of psychopathology. In this paper, the authors propose a summary of the epistemological ... [more ▼]

Albert Demaret (1933-2011) is one of the pioneers of evolutionary psychiatry and of an ethological conception of psychopathology. In this paper, the authors propose a summary of the epistemological context of his work and detail its approach to anorexia nervosa and bipolar disorder. [less ▲]

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See detailPont aux ânes
Dupont, Pascal ULg

in Courtois, Luc (Ed.) Mémoires de Wallonie : Les rues de Louvain-la-Neuve racontent... (2011)

A short note about Pythagoras' theorem.

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See detailRelationship between bone mineral density changes and risk of fractures among patients receiving calcium with or without vitamin D supplementation: a meta-regression
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2011), 22

Surrogate measures of fracture risk, such as effects on bone mineral density, may be of great interest to assess the efficacy of available osteoporosis treatments. Our results suggest that bone mineral ... [more ▼]

Surrogate measures of fracture risk, such as effects on bone mineral density, may be of great interest to assess the efficacy of available osteoporosis treatments. Our results suggest that bone mineral density (BMD) changes cannot be used as a surrogate of anti-fracture efficacy, among patients receiving calcium, with or without vitamin D. Introduction: The purpose of this study is to examine the association between changes in bone mineral density with reduction in the risk of fractures in patients receiving calcium with or without vitamin D. Methods: We selected all randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials of calcium with or without vitamin D supplementation. To be included in this analysis, the studies were required to report both BMD (hip/proximal femur and/or lumbar spine) and the incidence of fractures. Metaregression analyses were used to examine the associations of changes in BMD with reduction in risk of fracture over the duration of each study. The change in BMD was the difference between changes (from baseline) observed in the active treatment group and placebo group. Results: A total of 15 randomized trials (n=47,365) were identified, most of whom (77%) came from the Women’s Health Initiative trial. Results show that larger increases in BMD at the lumbar spine were not associated with greater reduction in fracture risk. Concerning hip BMD changes, we found a statistically significant relationship between hip BMD changes and reduction in risk. However, results were not quite significant after excluding the both largest studies, in which BMD changes were measured in very small subset of patients. These points may have largely biased our results. Conclusions: In conclusion, there was no evidence of a relationship between BMD changes and reduction in risk of fractures among patients receiving calcium with or without vitamin D supplementation. Calcium and/or Vitamin D may reduce fracture rates through a mechanism independent of bone density. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal and robust event-related designs for fMRI
Maus, Bärbel ULg; van Breukelen, Gerard J P; Goebel, R et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailIs there really an Azores diversity enigma? Insights from the phylogeography of the heather Erica scoparia s.l.
Desamore, Aurélie ULg

Poster (2011)

The Azorean flora, in contrast to that of other archipelagos, is characterized by a paucity of evolutionary radiations and the widespread distribution of most endemics. Several hypotheses, including ... [more ▼]

The Azorean flora, in contrast to that of other archipelagos, is characterized by a paucity of evolutionary radiations and the widespread distribution of most endemics. Several hypotheses, including isolation from the continent, recent age, ecological homogeneity, and limited paleoclimatic variations, have been proposed to account for this pattern. These hypotheses are tested here within the context of the molecular phylogeography of the heather Erica scoparia s.l., a Mediterraneo-Atlantic species complex distributed across Macaronesia, North Africa and southwestern Europe. The marked molecular radiation of this species in the Azores, including an array of single-island endemics, suggests that the apparent homogeneity of the Azorean flora might, in fact, conceal undetected patterns of endemism that are similar to those observed in the Canarian flora for morphological data. Haplotype richness was higher in the Azores than in the Canaries and extensive dispersal mediated allopatry is apparent at the molecular level. The Azores were colonized at least twice independently by E. scoparia, whereas the Canarian haplotypes are monophyletic, suggesting that the greater distance between the Azores and the continent does not necessarily hamper the chances of successful colonization. [less ▲]

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See detailA partial hybrid stress solid-shell element for the analysis of laminated composites
Rah, Kamran; Van Paepegem, Wim; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineerinrg (2011), 200(49-52), 35263539

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has ... [more ▼]

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has eight nodes with only displacement degrees of freedoms, and three-dimensional constitutive models can be directly employed in the present formulation without any additional treatment. The assumed interlaminar stress field provides very accurate interlaminar stress calculation through the element thickness. These elements can be stacked on top of each other to model multilayer structures, fulfilling the interlaminar stress continuity at the interlayer surfaces and zero traction conditions on the top and bottom surfaces of the laminate. The present solid-shell does not show the transverse shear, trapezoidal and thickness locking phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailNew pre-conception immune biomarkers for clinical practice: interleukin-18, interleukin-15 and TWEAK on the endometrial side, G-CSF on the follicular side.
Lédée, Nathalie; Petitbarat, M.; Rahmati, M. et al

in Journal of Reproductive Immunology (2011), 88(2), 118-123

dentification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology ... [more ▼]

dentification of biomarkers of optimal uterine receptivity to the implanting embryo as well as biomarkers of oocyte competence would undoubtedly improve the efficiency of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Expression of IL-15 and IL-18 has been shown to be different in patients with failed implantation after IVF/ICSI compared with fertile controls and both correlate with local uNK (CD56+) recruitment and angiogenesis. Tumor necrosis factor weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) has been described in mice as a potent early immune regulator able to protect the conceptus. The results of our studies in human suggest that TWEAK modulates the IL-18 related cytotoxicity of uNK cells. Quantification of IL-18, TWEAK and IL-15 mRNA expression by real-time PCR in endometrial tissue collected in mid-luteal phase of non-conception cycles allowed documentation of physiological events that occur at the time of uterine receptivity. Such information may be useful for the physician especially in patients where embryos fail to implant. Cytokine quantification may assist in understanding the mechanisms leading to repeated IVF/ICSI failure: either depletion of cytokines necessary for the apposition-adhesion, or an excess of cytokines leading to local cytotoxicity, may impair the implantation of the embryo. Other new data suggest that a pre-conception dialogue mediated by the oocyte and the follicular fluid and the oocyte may contribute to later implantation success. Follicular concentration of G-CSF appears as a useful biomarker of oocyte competence before fertilization. Moreover both in human and animal models, evidence of a role of the endometrium as a biosensor of the embryo is emerging. [less ▲]

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