References of "2011"
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See detailÉnergie nécessaire au broyage de la biomasse et des produits densifiés
Temmerman, Michaël ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011)

La littérature concernant la consommation énergétique du broyage dans les industries minières montre que cette problématique a été, et est encore, étudiée par de nombreux auteurs. Différents modèles de ... [more ▼]

La littérature concernant la consommation énergétique du broyage dans les industries minières montre que cette problématique a été, et est encore, étudiée par de nombreux auteurs. Différents modèles de broyage sont donc disponibles pour ces industries, en particulier pour le broyage des minerais. Les principaux modèles et certaines de leurs évolutions sont repris dans la présente revue. Le broyage de la biomasse quant à lui a été bien moins étudié. Quelques études ont néanmoins porté sur la mesure des consommations énergétiques engendrées par le broyage de biomasses particulières, dans des systèmes particuliers. Rares sont celles qui prennent en compte suffisamment de paramètres relatifs à la matière entrante et sortante (granulométrie, humidité, origine, etc.) ou les caractéristiques du système de broyage. Pratiquement, aucun modèle de broyage de la biomasse n’a donc été proposé. Concernant le broyage des produits densifiés, aucune donnée ne semble disponible. À la lueur des théories de broyage de l’industrie minière, cette étude propose donc les paramètres à prendre en compte pour une éventuelle modélisation du broyage de la biomasse et des produits densifiés. Mots-clés. Broyage, biomasse, pellets, briquettes, théories [less ▲]

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See detailLe Moyen Âge. Revue d'histoire et de philologie
Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Dumont, Jonathan ULg

Book published by De Boeck (2011)

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See detailX-ray CT study of the influence of liquid viscosity on fluid phase distribution in modular catalytic packings
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Viva, Aurora; Brunazzi, Elisabetta et al

in Chemical Engineering Transactions (2011), 24

In the frame of the present study, the influence of liquid viscosity on liquid holdup distribution in a packed column equipped with the modular catalytic packing Katapak-SP 11 is measured. Water and an ... [more ▼]

In the frame of the present study, the influence of liquid viscosity on liquid holdup distribution in a packed column equipped with the modular catalytic packing Katapak-SP 11 is measured. Water and an aqueous solution of glycerine, the viscosity of which equals 10 cP, are used as feed liquids. The estimation of liquid holdup is of great interest due to its strong influence on pressure drop, on solid wetting and on heat and mass transfer coefficients. The experimental technique used is high energy X-ray tomography, which is a unique technique to visualize the local liquid distribution inside the complex structure of packings and to quantify the liquid holdup at different scales. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Greenland and Antarctic ice sheet interactions on climate sensitivity
Goelzer, H.; Huybrechts, P.; Loutre, M.-F. et al

in Climate Dynamics (2011), 37(5-6), 1005-1018

We use the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM to show the effect of coupling interactive ice sheets on the climate sensitivity of the model on a millennial time scale. We compare the ... [more ▼]

We use the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM to show the effect of coupling interactive ice sheets on the climate sensitivity of the model on a millennial time scale. We compare the response to a 2xCO2 warming scenario between fully coupled model versions including interactive Greenland and Antarctic ice sheet models and model versions with fixed ice sheets. For this purpose an ensemble of different parameter sets have been defined for LOVECLIM, covering a wide range of the model's sensitivity to greenhouse warming, while still simulating the present-day climate and the climate evolution over the last millennium within observational uncertainties. Additional freshwater fluxes from the melting ice sheets have a mitigating effect on the model's temperature response, leading to generally lower climate sensitivities of the fully coupled model versions. The mitigation is effectuated by changes in heat exchange within the ocean and at the sea-air interface, driven by freshening of the surface ocean and amplified by sea-ice-related feedbacks. The strength of the effect depends on the response of the ice sheets to the warming and on the model's climate sensitivity itself. With the ensemble approach in this study we cover a wide range of possible model responses. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-DNA release mediates the adjuvant effects of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, Denis et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailExploration of serial structure procedural learning in children with language impairment.
Gabriel, Audrey ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg; Guillaume, mélody et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (2011), 17

Recent studies on specific language impairment (SLI) have suggested that language deficits are directly associated with poor procedural learning abilities. Findings from our previous work are contrary to ... [more ▼]

Recent studies on specific language impairment (SLI) have suggested that language deficits are directly associated with poor procedural learning abilities. Findings from our previous work are contrary to this hypothesis; we found that children with SLI were able to learn eight-element-long sequences as fast and as accurately as children with normal language (NL) on a serial reaction time (SRT) task. A probabilistic rather than a deterministic SRT paradigm was used in the current study to explore procedural learning in children with SLI to mimic real conditions of language learning. Fifteen children with or without SLI were compared on an SRT task including a probabilistic eight-element-long sequence. Results show that children with SLI were able to learn this sequence as fast and as accurately as children with NL, and that similar sequence-specific learning was observed in both groups. These results are novel and suggest that children with SLI do not display global procedural system deficits. (JINS, 2011, 17, 1-8). [less ▲]

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See detailThe utilization of polysaccharides by heterotrophic bacterioplankton in the Bay of Biscay (North Atlantic Ocean)
Piontek, Judith; Händel, Nicole; De Bodt, Caroline et al

in Journal of Plankton Research (2011), 33(11), 1719-1735

This study investigates the turnover of polysaccharides by heterotrophic bacterioplankton in the northern Bay of Biscay, a productive marine system on the shelf-break of the temperate Atlantic Ocean ... [more ▼]

This study investigates the turnover of polysaccharides by heterotrophic bacterioplankton in the northern Bay of Biscay, a productive marine system on the shelf-break of the temperate Atlantic Ocean. Field studies were conducted along the shelf-break south of Ireland and west of France (47° 07' 83'' N, 6° 92' 01'' E and 51° 34' 42'' N, 10° 49' 95'' E) during the development of phytoplankton blooms in late spring. Bacterial biomass production (BBP) near the surface ranged from 0.5 to 27.4 nmol C L-1 h-1 in both years. A direct relationship between BBP and the concentration of total polysaccharides strongly suggests the dependence of bacterial growth on the availability of semi-labile organic matter. Concentrations of combined glucose as well as rate constants of extracellular glucosidase activity and glucose uptake were determined to estimate the actual carbon fluxes from bacterial polysaccharide turnover. Results reveal that the degradation of polysaccharides n the upper 100 m of the water column sustained on average a glucose flux of 2.6 mmol C m-2 d-1 i that was available for bacterial uptake. The mean turnover time for polysaccharides was 170 and 165 days for alpha- and beta-glycosidic linked polymers, respectively. Free glucose, the labile hydrolysate of polysaccharides, had a mean turnover time of 4.5 days and supported 2.2 to 18.4% of BBP. The incorporation of glucose into bacterial biomass was stimulated by the availability of inorganic nitrogen. Overall, our results demonstrate that the bacterial recycling of polysaccharides in the Bay of Biscay generates a relevant flux of organic carbon in microbial food-webs and biogeochemical processes. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical modelling of overbank flows with a groyne set on the floodplain
Peltier, Yann ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

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See detailOptimizing early nutritional support based on recent recommendations in VLBW infants and postnatal growth restriction
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (2011), 53(5), 536-542

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See detailLattice dynamics in the FeSb3 skutterudite
Moechel, A.; Sergueev, I.; Long, Gary J. et al

in Physical Review (2011), 84(6),

Thin films of FeSb3 were characterized by electronic transport magnetometry, x-ray diffraction, Fe-57 and Sb-121 nuclear inelastic scattering, and Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy. Resistivity and ... [more ▼]

Thin films of FeSb3 were characterized by electronic transport magnetometry, x-ray diffraction, Fe-57 and Sb-121 nuclear inelastic scattering, and Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy. Resistivity and magnetometry measurements reveal semiconducting behavior with a 16.3(4) meV band gap and an effective paramagnetic moment of 0.57(6) mu(B) respectively. A systematic comparison of the lattice dynamics with CoSb3 and EuFe4Sb12 reveals that the Fe4Sb12 framework is softer than the Co4Sb12 framework, and that the observed softening and the associated lowering of the lattice thermal conductivity in the RFe4Sb12 filled skutterudites are not only related to the filler but also to the Fe4Sb12 framework. [less ▲]

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See detailThe original versus a modified inside-out transobturator procedure: 1-year results of a prospective randomized trial.
De Leval, Jean ULg; Thomas, Alexandre ULg; Waltregny, David ULg

in International Urogynecology Journal & Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (2011), 22(2), 145-156

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study is to compare a modified inside-out transobturator procedure with its original counterpart [inside-out transobturator (TVT-O)] for the treatment of ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study is to compare a modified inside-out transobturator procedure with its original counterpart [inside-out transobturator (TVT-O)] for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A prospective, randomized trial in women suffering from SUI was used. The modified procedure consisted of a shorter tape whilst the scissors or guide no longer perforated the obturator membrane. The primary outcome was the resolution of subjective and objective SUI at 1 year. Secondary outcome measures included adverse events, quality of life measures, and groin pain. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-five patients were randomized. No intraoperative complications were recorded. The SUI cure rate was 91.7% versus 90.7% (original versus modified, respectively; p = 0.824). Incidence and intensity of groin pain was higher in the original TVT-O group on day 0 and 1 (p < 0.05), requiring more analgesics (p = 0.015) but not thereafter. CONCLUSIONS: At 1 year follow-up, the modified inside-out transobturator tape procedure was as efficient and safe as the original technique but associated with less immediate postoperative groin pain. [less ▲]

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See detailHerschel PACS and SPIRE Observations of comet 103P/Hartley 2
Bockelee-Morvan, D.; Swinyard, B.; Vandenbussche, B. et al

in EPSC Abstracts 2011 (2011)

The ESA Herschel Space Observatory [8] used its full complement of state-of-the-art instruments to observe the far-infrared and submillimetre spectrum and to image the thermal dust radiation of the ... [more ▼]

The ESA Herschel Space Observatory [8] used its full complement of state-of-the-art instruments to observe the far-infrared and submillimetre spectrum and to image the thermal dust radiation of the Jupiter family comet 103P/Hartley 2 in the 70-672 μm spectral range. The observations were carried out in the period 24 October to 17 November 2010, as part of the Herschel Guaranteed Time Key program "Water and related chemistry in the Solar System" (HssO) [6]. We present here observations of H2O lines and of the dust coma made with the Photodetector Array and Camera (PACS) [9] and the Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver (SPIRE) [5]. [less ▲]

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See detailResequencing of positional candidates identifies low frequency IL23R coding variants protecting against inflammatory bowel disease.
Momozawa, Yukihide ULg; Mni, Myriam ULg; Nakamura, Kayo ULg et al

in Nature Genetics (2011), 43(1), 43-7

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified dozens of risk loci for many complex disorders, including Crohn's disease. However, common disease-associated SNPs explain at most approximately 20 ... [more ▼]

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified dozens of risk loci for many complex disorders, including Crohn's disease. However, common disease-associated SNPs explain at most approximately 20% of the genetic variance for Crohn's disease. Several factors may account for this unexplained heritability, including rare risk variants not adequately tagged thus far in GWAS. That rare susceptibility variants indeed contribute to variation in multifactorial phenotypes has been demonstrated for colorectal cancer, plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, blood pressure, type 1 diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia and, in the case of Crohn's disease, for NOD2 (refs. 14,15). Here we describe the use of high-throughput resequencing of DNA pools to search for rare coding variants influencing susceptibility to Crohn's disease in 63 GWAS-identified positional candidate genes. We identify low frequency coding variants conferring protection against inflammatory bowel disease in IL23R, but we conclude that rare coding variants in positional candidates do not make a large contribution to inherited predisposition to Crohn's disease. [less ▲]

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See detailBiophysical studies of trigger factors adapted to extreme biological temperatures
Struvay, Caroline; Piette, Florence; Feller, Georges ULg

Poster (2011)

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See detailK-type geomagnetic index nowcast with data quality control
Stankov, Stanimir; Stegen, Koen; Warnant, René ULg

in Annals of Geophysics = Annali di Geofisica (2011), 54(3), 285-295

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See detailFaut-il interdire le Bisphenol A dans les récipients destinés à contenir des aliments ?
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg

in Culture, le magazine culturel en ligne de l'Université de Liège - DOSSIER/ Controverses scientifiques - http://culture.ulg.ac.be/jcms/prod_494506/dossier/-controverses-scientifiques?section=cdu_5047 (2011)

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See detailGalectin-9 splice variants in endothelial cells: identification of novel variants and functional characterization
Heusschen, Roy ULg; De Bree, Martijn; Griffioen, Arjan et al

in Angiogenesis (2011)

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See detailOptimal and robust event-related designs for fMRI
Maus, Bärbel ULg; van Breukelen, Gerard J P; Goebel, R et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailClosure to "Energy Dissipation and Turbulent Production in Weak Hydraulic Jumps" by E. Mignot and R. Cienfuegos
Mignot, E.; Peltier, Yann ULg; Cienfuegos, R.

in Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (2011), 137(8), 862-863

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See detailH1N1 vaccines in a large observational cohort of patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with immunomodulators and biological therapy.
Rahier, Jean-Francois; Papay, Pavol; Salleron, Julia et al

in Gut (2011), 60(4), 456-62

BACKGROUND: Safety data are lacking on influenza vaccination in general and on A (H1N1)v vaccination in particular in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receiving immmunomodulators and/or ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Safety data are lacking on influenza vaccination in general and on A (H1N1)v vaccination in particular in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receiving immmunomodulators and/or biological therapy. AIMS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a multicentre observational cohort study to evaluate symptoms associated with influenza H1N1 adjuvanted (Pandemrix, Focetria, FluvalP) and non-adjuvanted (Celvapan) vaccines and to assess the risk of flare of IBD after vaccination. Patients with stable IBD treated with immunomodulators and/or biological therapy were recruited from November 2009 until March 2010 in 12 European countries. Harvey-Bradshaw Index and Partial Mayo Score were used to assess disease activity before and 4 weeks after vaccination in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Vaccination-related events up to 7 days after vaccination were recorded. RESULTS: Of 575 patients enrolled (407 CD, 159 UC and nine indeterminate colitis; 53.9% female; mean age 40.3 years, SD 13.9), local and systemic symptoms were reported by 34.6% and 15.5% of patients, respectively. The most common local and systemic reactions were pain in 32.8% and fatigue in 6.1% of subjects. Local symptoms were more common with adjuvanted (39.3%) than non-adjuvanted (3.9%) vaccines (p < 0.0001), whereas rates of systemic symptoms were similar with both types (15.0% vs 18.4%, p = 0.44). Among the adjuvanted group, Pandemrix more often induced local reactions than FluvalP and Focetria (51.2% vs 27.6% and 15.4%, p < 0.0001). Solicited adverse events were not associated with any patient characteristics, specific immunomodulatory treatment, or biological therapy. Four weeks after vaccination, absence of flare was observed in 377 patients with CD (96.7%) and 151 with UC (95.6%). CONCLUSION: Influenza A (H1N1)v vaccines are well tolerated in patients with IBD. Non-adjuvanted vaccines are associated with fewer local reactions. The risk of IBD flare is probably not increased after H1N1 vaccination. [less ▲]

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