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See detailEntre ressentiment et ré-éducation. L'Armée belge d'Occupation et les Allemands, 1945-1952
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Cahiers d'Histoire du Temps Présent = Bijdragen tot de Eigentijdse Geschiedenis (2011), 23

For six decades, between 1945 and 2005, Belgian officers and soldiers carried out part of their career or of their military service in Germany. Created as the Belgian Occupation Army, the name changed in ... [more ▼]

For six decades, between 1945 and 2005, Belgian officers and soldiers carried out part of their career or of their military service in Germany. Created as the Belgian Occupation Army, the name changed in the early 1950s to Belgian Forces in Germany, a symbolic name change that marked the beginning of an evolution during which the former enemy became a partner in the framework of NATO in 1955. The article focuses on the first years of this presence in Germany, when the memory of the Second World War and of the second occupation of Belgium by Germany was still fresh. It questions the representation of Germany and the Germans among the soldiers and the officers, but also among those who outlined Belgian military policies in Germany. It shows the “moral superiority complex” of many Belgians towards the defeated, but also towards the British ally who was suspected of being lenient towards the Germans and failed to understand their mentality. Furthermore, the relations between Belgians, British and Germans were conditioned by the Allied refusal to confer the political competences of the military government to the Belgians and by a unilateral British decision to extend the Belgian divisional area to Westphalia, two hundred kilometres east of the Rhine. The principal objective of the Belgian participation in the occupation, the guarantee of the Belgian interests with respect to the defeated Germany, then seemed impossible to reach. Two geographical areas are at the centre of the analysis : the border region, subject to claims of Belgian reparations, and the city of Cologne which the Belgian troops occupied at the expense of French aspirations on the Rhineland. The article also seeks to understand the very difficult introduction of a Belgian cultural propaganda, which illustrates the tense terrain of Belgian politicy towards Germany. If the government adopted a moderate position with regard to the reparations relatively early on, it maintained a hard line where the relations between Belgians and Germans were concerned, fearing a public opinion little disposed to accept a rapprochement. However, the reality on the ground often defied this attitude. [less ▲]

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See detailPancreas preservation for pancreas and islet transplantation: a minireview
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg; LeDinh, Hieu; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43

Pancreas preservation by cold storage using University of Wisconsin solution was the <br />mainstay method used for pancreas transplantation during the past 2 decades. Other <br />solutions, such as HTK ... [more ▼]

Pancreas preservation by cold storage using University of Wisconsin solution was the <br />mainstay method used for pancreas transplantation during the past 2 decades. Other <br />solutions, such as HTK, Celsior, and SCOT 15, could not demonstrate any advantage for <br />short preservation periods. But the advent of clinical islet transplantation and the larger <br />use of controlled non–heart-beating donors have prompted the transplantation community <br />to develop methods for increasing pancreas graft quality while preventing ischemic <br />reperfusion damages. Oxygenation by 1- or 2-layer methods during pancreas preservation, <br />as well as the use of perfluorocarbons, might increase the islet yield. Based on the former <br />methods, there is a renewed interest in machine perfusion and oxygenation in pancreas <br />preservation for pancreas transplantation and islet preparation. [less ▲]

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See detailCouverture de pertes de substance du tibia distal par lambeau pedicule perforant en helice : deux cas cliniques.
Bous, Aurélie ULg; Ronsmans, C.; NIZET, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Annales de Chirurgie Plastique Esthetique (2011)

Distal lower leg soft tissue defect is frequently a challenge to repair, particularly on the tibial crest. The coverage of this kind of lesion has some limitations because of regional minimal blood supply ... [more ▼]

Distal lower leg soft tissue defect is frequently a challenge to repair, particularly on the tibial crest. The coverage of this kind of lesion has some limitations because of regional minimal blood supply and paucity of local soft-tissue flaps. The perforator pedicled propeller (PPP) method tries to find a new place in lower leg reconstruction in bringing similar tissues at the recipient site and avoiding long and difficult free flap transfer or muscular sacrifice. The authors report on the use of PPP method for a tibial crest exposure after trauma and for a soft tissue defect with osteomyelitis on the tibial crest. [less ▲]

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See detailProfil des vendeurs de viande de chasse et évaluation de la biomasse commercialisée dans les marchés municipaux de Brazzaville, Congo.
Mbete, Roger Albert; Banga-Mboko, Henri; Ngokaka, Christophe et al

in Tropical Conservation Science (2011), 4(2), 203-217

The consumption of wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban population in Congo. A survey on bushmeat trade was undertaken in 21 municipal markets during four weeks, in ... [more ▼]

The consumption of wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban population in Congo. A survey on bushmeat trade was undertaken in 21 municipal markets during four weeks, in Brazzaville. The objective of this study was to define the traders’ profile and to evaluate the quantities of games and meat merchandised on the municipal markets. The study methodology combined two approaches: a quantitative one using a questionnaire as principal tool for collecting data, and a qualitative one associating informal survey methods via individual or group interviews. The results showed that women were the most involved in this trade (52%). Markets trader’s monthly income was estimated at 210,428 (US$420) ± 49,128 (US$98,256) FCFA. On average, the bushmeat traders’ were 39 ± 10 years old and 69% of them attended the two levels of secondary education. During four weeks, 3,711 animal carcasses were recorded on the 21 surveyed markets, representing almost 35,790 kg of biomass. Overall, 35 animal species were identified, including 9 the hunting of which was prohibited. The mammals constituted 93.8% of total number of hunted animals, with three dominant orders as the artiodactyls (49.2%), the rodents (22.6%) and the primates (17.7%), of which the Cephalophus, the Potamochoerus, the Atherurus and the Cercopithecus were the most represented. It was also noticed that trapping, an activity which leads to great losses, becomes very important, followed by be helpful alternatives to meet Congolese demand for bushmeat. For a sustainable management of the Congo’s faunic resources, this study suggests the introduction gun-hunting. The Congo-Ocean Railway and the National Road n°2 were used regularly in the transportation of game, to a 72% level. The district of Niari, Lekoumou, Sangha and Pool were the main sources of supply. At the present time, the meat quantities offered in Brazzaville markets don’t seem to be reduced because hunting areas extend always further, often to the detriment of protected areas. Despite the fact that such business squarely growths and shows evidence of overexploitation, activities promoting game farming and breeding of domestic species, in Brazzaville suburbs, are needed to mitigate the impact of bushmeat trade. [less ▲]

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See detailRés. CE 212.819, Smolcic - 212.989, Vanderlinden - 212.991, Fernandez-Grandjean
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Aménagement - Environnement (2011), 4

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See detailPartenariats en matière de lutte contre l'érosion hydrique et les inondations par ruissellement
Dogot, Thomas ULg

in Réseau wallon de Développement Rural (Ed.) « Erosion, ruissellement, coulées boueuses et inondations » : Actes de l’Atelier régional – Meux, 13 mai 2011 (2011)

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See detailLeibniz et la question du possible
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULg

in À l'émergence de la modernité : Histoire des idées au XVIIe siècle (2011)

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See detailTraining on the alert phone CPR protocol in belgium : evaluation of the dispatchers
El Fassi, Mehdi; Skivee, V.; STIPULANTE, Samuel ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2011), 66(2), 9

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See detailFertility Preferences and Level of Family Planning in Rwanda : Case of Huye District
Niwemahoro, Celine; Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Banamwana, Leonidas

in Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS) (2011), 2(3), 168-174

The eradication of poverty and hunger is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established by the United ations. One of the Rwanda’s commitments is the fulfillment of this goal as indicated ... [more ▼]

The eradication of poverty and hunger is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established by the United ations. One of the Rwanda’s commitments is the fulfillment of this goal as indicated in its own long term Vision 2020 aimed at enabling Rwandans to emerge from under-development and poverty status by achieving economic growth objectives in combination with social indicators objectives. As it has been researched that the major cause of poverty in developing countries is the high rate of their population growth, this paper is aimed at assessing the fertility preferences and the level of family planning in Rwanda as a tool to poverty eradication. The paper also presents some challenges and some other pathways to improve the socioeconomic welfare of Rwandan population. In this paper descriptive methods have been used to present and analyze data and a Pearson Chi square test has been used to study the association between variables. The results shows that the knowledge of contraception is universal (99%) but the use of contraception methods for family planning is still very low (37%). On the average fertility preferences are 3.2 children which are good if realized. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to reduce poverty, family planning is a must but lot more are to be done. Among other things, a focus on increasing rural income and agriculture output. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma phospholipid long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and body weight change.
Jakobsen, Marianne U.; Dethlefsen, Claus; Due, Karen M. et al

in Obesity facts (2011), 4(4), 312-8

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the proportion of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in plasma phospholipids from blood samples drawn at enrollment and subsequent change ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between the proportion of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in plasma phospholipids from blood samples drawn at enrollment and subsequent change in body weight. Sex, age, and BMI were considered as potential effect modifiers. METHOD: A total of 1,998 women and men participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) were followed for a median of 4.9 years. The associations between the proportion of plasma phospholipid long-chain n-3 PUFA and change in weight were investigated using mixed-effect linear regression. RESULTS: The proportion of long-chain n-3 PUFA was not associated with change in weight. Among all participants, the 1-year weight change was -0.7 g per 1% point higher long-chain n-3 PUFA level (95% confidence interval: -20.7 to 19.3). The results when stratified by sex, age, or BMI groups were not systematically different. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the proportion of long-chain n-3 PUFA in plasma phospholipids is not associated with subsequent change in body weight within the range of exposure in the general population. [less ▲]

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See detailRelation entre défaillances vitales précédant l'infection acquise aux soins intensifs et gravité de celle-ci
MARECHAL, Hugues; LEDOUX, Didier ULg; NYS, Monique ULg et al

in Réanimation (2011), 20(Suppl 1), 108102

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See detailVortex Dynamics in a Superconducting Film with a Kagome and a Honeycomb Pinning Landscape
Cuppens, J.; Ataklti, G. W.; Gillijns, W. et al

in Journal of Superconductivity & Novel Magnetism (2011), 24(1-2), 7-11

The vortex dynamics in a superconducting thin Al film with a periodic Honeycomb or Kagome array of antidots has been investigated by electrical transport measurements. The large values of the ... [more ▼]

The vortex dynamics in a superconducting thin Al film with a periodic Honeycomb or Kagome array of antidots has been investigated by electrical transport measurements. The large values of the superconducting coherence length and penetration depth of the Al films guarantee a maximum of one flux quantum trapped per pinning site. This allows us to directly compare the experimental results with previous theoretical investigations based on molecular dynamics simulations. For the Kagome lattice, two submatching features not anticipated theoretically at H/H (1)=1/3 and 2/3, where H (1) is the field at which the number of vortices coincides with the number of pinning sites, are observed. Possible corresponding stable vortex patterns are suggested. For the Honeycomb pinning landscape, the commensurability effects are in agreement with the theoretical expectations. A preliminary analysis of the vortex mobility in this lattice shows the presence of a weak vortex guidance. [less ▲]

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See detailKorpusrecherche in der Dudenredaktion. Ein Werkstattbericht
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Konopka, Marek; Kubczak, Jacqueline (Eds.) Grammatik und Korpora 2009 (2011)

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See detailPresent and future climates of the Greenland ice sheet according to the IPCC AR4 models
Franco, Bruno ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg et al

in Climate Dynamics (2011), 36

The atmosphere–ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs) used for the IPCC 4th Assessment Report (IPCC AR4) are evaluated for the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) current climate modelling. The most suited ... [more ▼]

The atmosphere–ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs) used for the IPCC 4th Assessment Report (IPCC AR4) are evaluated for the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) current climate modelling. The most suited AOGCMs for Greenland climate simulation are then selected on the basis of comparison between the 1970–1999 outputs of the Climate of the twentieth Century experiment (20C3M) and reanalyses (ECMWF, NCEP/NCAR). This comparison indicates that the representation quality of surface parameters such as temperature and precipitation are highly correlated to the atmospheric circulation (500 hPa geopotential height) and its interannual variability (North Atlantic oscillation). The outputs of the three most suitable AOGCMs for present-day climate simulation are then used to assess the changes estimated by three IPCC greenhouse gas emissions scenarios (SRES) over the GrIS for the 2070–2099 period. Future atmospheric circulation changes are projected to dampen the zonal flow, enhance the meridional fluxes and therefore provide additional heat and moisture to the GrIS, increasing temperature over the whole ice sheet and precipitation over its northeastern area. We also show that the GrIS surface mass balance anomalies from the SRES A1B scenario amount to −300 km3/year with respect to the 1970–1999 period, leading to a global sea-level rise of 5 cm by the end of the 21st century. This work can help to select the boundaries conditions for AOGCMs-based downscaled future projections. [less ▲]

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See detailLandscape Capacity and Social Attitudes towards Wind Energy Projects in Belgium
Van Rompaey, Anton; Schmitz, Serge ULg; Kesteloot, Chris et al

Book published by Belgian Science Policy (2011)

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research ... [more ▼]

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research project is to analyse and assess the landscape capacity and social attitudes towards wind energy parks in Belgium, especially in non-urban and non-industrial sites. This research project starts from the observation that a sustainable production of energy, relying on renewable resources, should go hand in hand with a sustainable societal support for the use of these renewable sources. Experiences from neighbouring countries showed that the societal support depends of the regional landscape capacity and the social attitudes towards wind energy parks. In this research project both quantitative and qualitative research techniques will be used to: (1) measure the landscape capacity in relation to the location of wind energy parks in Belgium, (2) to gain insight in the way attitudes towards wind energy parks are socially constructed and reproduced. [less ▲]

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See detailL'idéalité du sens. Levinas interprète de Husserl
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

Conference (2011)

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See detailAllogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after reduced intensity conditioning
SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Transfusion & Apheresis Science (2011), 44

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following myeloablative (conventional) conditioning regimen is associated with a high incidence of transplant-related morbidity and mortality ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following myeloablative (conventional) conditioning regimen is associated with a high incidence of transplant-related morbidity and mortality, limiting its use to younger patients without medical co-morbidities. Over the past few years, it has become more evident that the alloreactivty of transplanted donor immunocompetent cells against host tumor cells (graft-versus-tumor effects, GVT effects) plays a major role in eradicating malignancies after allogeneic HSCT. Based on these observations, several groups of investigators have developed reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens allowing patients who are ineligible for conventional HSCT to benefit from the potentially curative GVT effects of allogeneic transplantation. Retrospective studies have suggested that, in comparison with myeloablative allogeneic HSCT, in patient aged 40-60 years, RIC HSCT was associated with a higher risk of relapse but a lower incidence of transplant-related mortality leading to similar progression-gree and overall survivals. Prospective studies are ongoing to define which patients might most benefit from RIC HSCT, and to increase the anti-tumoral activity of the procedure while reducing the incidence and the severity of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this article, we review the current status and perspectives of RIC HSCT. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementing quantum algorithms in hyperfine levels of ultracold polar molecules by optimal control
Pellegrini, Philippe; Vranckx, Stéphane; Desouter, Michèle ULg

in Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics [=PCCP] (2011), 13

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