References of "2011"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEssential Oil Composition of Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. from Algeria
Brada, M.; Khelifa, L. H.; Achour, D. et al

in Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants [=JEOBP] (2011), 14(6), 810-814

The constituents of essential oils isolated by hydrodistillation of the overground parts of Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. from Algeria were examined by GC and GC-MS. A total of 46 and 43 ... [more ▼]

The constituents of essential oils isolated by hydrodistillation of the overground parts of Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. from Algeria were examined by GC and GC-MS. A total of 46 and 43 components were identified accounting for 99.4 % and 97.7 % of O. basilicum and O. gratissimum oils, respectively. The oil of O. basilicum contained, as main components, linalool (44.7 %), linalyl acetate (14.0 %), 1,8-cineole (6.7 %), myrcene (5.6 %), α-terpineol (5.1 %), geranyl acetate (4.0 %), alloocimene (2.4 %), neryl acetate (2.4 %), elemol (2.1 %) and β-caryophyllene (1.3 %). Major compounds in the essential oil of O. gratissimum were eugenol (54.8 %), β-elemene (10.9 %), 1,8 cineole (4.1 %), α-humulene (3.8 %) linalool (2.1 %) and α-amorphene (2.1 %). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 157 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailX-ray CT study of the influence of liquid viscosity on fluid phase distribution in modular catalytic packings
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Viva, Aurora; Brunazzi, Elisabetta et al

in Chemical Engineering Transactions (2011), 24

In the frame of the present study, the influence of liquid viscosity on liquid holdup distribution in a packed column equipped with the modular catalytic packing Katapak-SP 11 is measured. Water and an ... [more ▼]

In the frame of the present study, the influence of liquid viscosity on liquid holdup distribution in a packed column equipped with the modular catalytic packing Katapak-SP 11 is measured. Water and an aqueous solution of glycerine, the viscosity of which equals 10 cP, are used as feed liquids. The estimation of liquid holdup is of great interest due to its strong influence on pressure drop, on solid wetting and on heat and mass transfer coefficients. The experimental technique used is high energy X-ray tomography, which is a unique technique to visualize the local liquid distribution inside the complex structure of packings and to quantify the liquid holdup at different scales. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (9 ULg)
Full Text
See detailReview of Dear Charles, Dear Janet: Frame and Brasch in Correspondence
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Commonwealth : Essays and Studies (2011), 33.2(Spring 2011), 151-153

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelf-DNA release mediates the adjuvant effects of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, Denis et al

Poster (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMiradas que se cruzan desde España. El entusiasmo de Manuel Vázquez Montalbán y la crítica de Ignacio Vidal-Folch
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Vanden Berghe, Kristine; Huffshmid, Anne; Lefere, Robin (Eds.) EL EZLN y sus intérpretes. Resonancias del zapatismo en la academia y en la literatura. (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (3 ULg)
See detailPhysical modelling of overbank flows with a groyne set on the floodplain
Peltier, Yann ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimizing early nutritional support based on recent recommendations in VLBW infants and postnatal growth restriction
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (2011), 53(5), 536-542

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEFFECT OF DIFFERENT WARMING-UP PROTOCOLS ON TIME TO EXHAUSTION AT MAXIMAL AEROBIC SPEED
Rodriguez de la Cruz, Carlos ULg; Brennenraedts, C.; Bury, Thierry ULg

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (2011), 45

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (19 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMixing in two magnetic OB stars discovered by the MiMeS collaboration
Morel, Thierry ULg

in IAU Symposium 272: Active OB Stars: Structure, Evolution, Mass Loss and Critical Limits (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailProspects for harmonized biodiversity assessments using national forest inventory data
McRoberts, Ronald E.; Chirici, Gherardo; Winter, Susanne et al

in Chirici, Gherardo; Winter, Susanne; McRoberts, Ronald E. (Eds.) National Forest Inventories - contributions to Forest Biodiversity Assessments (2011)

After selection of the 13 biodiversity variables (Sect. 2.3) based on their importance and feasibility for assessment by NFIs, responses were solicited from participating countries regarding the degree to ... [more ▼]

After selection of the 13 biodiversity variables (Sect. 2.3) based on their importance and feasibility for assessment by NFIs, responses were solicited from participating countries regarding the degree to which the variables are now assessed. Two conclusions were evident: (1) most countries currently assess most of the variables, but (2) consensus is lacking on assessment methods and necessary field crew expertise, suggesting that harmonization would require emphasis on field operations. For each of the seven essential features into which the 13 variables were grouped, more detailed assessments were conducted. For forest categories, the conclusion was that the only major difference in classification systems used by European NFIs was whether potential or actual vegetation was used to define classes. Thus, the prospects for harmonization of forest categories are considered excellent. For forest structure, the prospects depend on the variable. For tree species, the prospects are excellent because the variable is assessed in the same manner by all NFIs. For dbh and height, considerable variability in measurementthresholds were found, but otherwise the harmonization prospects are good. For social position, definitions of classes varied, but harmonized estimates of proportions for dominant, intermediate, and suppressed classes are considered possible. Prospects for harmonized estimates of layers are consideraly poorer because of different definitions, thresholds and the uncertainty associated with visual assessment methods. Harmonized estimation of forest age is impeded by the increasing proportion of uneven-aged stands for which age is often not assessed, different definitions, and different assessment methods. However, agreement on dominant age as a reference definition would greatly increase the prospects. Deadwood is becoming an increasingly popular indicator of sustainable forest management. Unfortunately, considerable variability was found in deadwood definitions, components (e.g., stumps, limbs), sampling methods, and measurement thresholds. Thus, harmonized deadwood estimation will require development of bridges. Harmonization of regeneration estimates faces challenges due to differences in assessment approaches such as presence/absence versus coverage and all species versus dominant species. Harmonized estimation may be restricte to change in regeneration success. Harmonized estimation for ground vegetation also faces serious challenges due to differences in the components assessed (e.g., small trees, shrubs, herbs, bryophytes, lichens), difference in height thresholds, and differences in categories for which ground vegetation is reported. Forest naturalness integrates many of the other essential feature. However, many countries do not assess naturalness, and among those that do, assessment variables, methods, and reporting classes vary considerably. For harmonized assessment using NFI variables, the hemeroby approach, which emphasizes indications of human influence, is extremely sensitive to plot size. Harmonization using the ecosystem processes approach requires a common dbh threshold and similar plot sizes. The overall conclusion is that harmonization will be considerably easier for some essential features than for others. The factors leading to difficulties often are related to different definitions, different reporting classes, different measurement thresholds, and different features of sampling protocols such as plot sizes and configurations. Nevertheless, construction of reference definitions and bridges greatly facilitate harmonization for all essential features as is illustrated in Chap. 5. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 138 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa percée de l'entrepreneuriat social: clarifications conceptuelles
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Juris Associations (2011), 436(avril), 18-23

Detailed reference viewed: 325 (25 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGeneration of all symmetric as well as all total angular momentum eigenstates in photonic or matter qubits
von Zanthier, J.; Maser, A.; Wiegner, R. et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailModélisation pré-normative de pratiques agricoles et agro-environnementales en vue des plans de gestion des eaux de surface et souterraines en Région wallonne à l’aide du modèle EPICgrid-Qualvados
Sohier, Catherine ULg; Degre, Aurore ULg

Report (2011)

Le présent Rapport synthétise et conclut les travaux réalisés dans le cadre de la Convention Qualvados 2 (Convention SPGE - ULg GxABT) : « Modélisation pré-normative de pratiques agricoles et agro ... [more ▼]

Le présent Rapport synthétise et conclut les travaux réalisés dans le cadre de la Convention Qualvados 2 (Convention SPGE - ULg GxABT) : « Modélisation pré-normative de pratiques agricoles et agro-environnementales en vue des plans de gestion des eaux de surface et souterraines en Région wallonne à l’aide du modèle EPICgrid-Qualvados ». [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (26 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimal and robust event-related designs for fMRI
Maus, Bärbel ULg; van Breukelen, Gerard J P; Goebel, R et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRobust maximum weighted independent-set problems on interval graphs
Talla Nobibon, Fabrice ULg; Leus, Roel

Report (2011)

We study the maximum weighted independent-set problem on interval graphs with uncertainty on the vertex weights. We use the absolute robustness criterion and the min-max regret criterion to evaluate ... [more ▼]

We study the maximum weighted independent-set problem on interval graphs with uncertainty on the vertex weights. We use the absolute robustness criterion and the min-max regret criterion to evaluate solutions. For a discrete scenario set, we nd that the problem is NP-hard for each of the robustness criteria; we also provide pseudo-polynomial time algorithms when there is a constant number of scenarios and show that the problem is strongly NP-hard when the set of scenarios is unbounded. When the scenario set is a Cartesian product, we prove that the problem is equivalent to a maximum weighted independent-set problem on the same interval graph but without uncertainty for the rst objective function and that the scenario set can be reduced for the second objective function. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA partial hybrid stress solid-shell element for the analysis of laminated composites
Rah, Kamran; Van Paepegem, Wim; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineerinrg (2011), 200(49-52), 35263539

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has ... [more ▼]

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has eight nodes with only displacement degrees of freedoms, and three-dimensional constitutive models can be directly employed in the present formulation without any additional treatment. The assumed interlaminar stress field provides very accurate interlaminar stress calculation through the element thickness. These elements can be stacked on top of each other to model multilayer structures, fulfilling the interlaminar stress continuity at the interlayer surfaces and zero traction conditions on the top and bottom surfaces of the laminate. The present solid-shell does not show the transverse shear, trapezoidal and thickness locking phenomenon. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnd of life care in the operating room for non-heart-beating donors: organization at the University Hospital of Liege.
JORIS, Jean ULg; KABA, Abdourahmane ULg; LAUWICK, Séverine ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43(9), 3441-4

Non-heart-beating (NHB) organ donation has become an alternative source to increase organ supply for transplantation. A NHB donation program was implemented in our institution in 2002. As in many ... [more ▼]

Non-heart-beating (NHB) organ donation has become an alternative source to increase organ supply for transplantation. A NHB donation program was implemented in our institution in 2002. As in many institutions the end of life care of the NHB donor (NHBD) is terminated in the operating room (OR) to reduce warm ischemia time. Herein we have described the organization of end of life care for these patients in our institution, including the problems addressed, the solution proposed, and the remaining issues. Emphasis is given to our protocol elaborated with the different contributors of the chain of the NHB donation program. This protocol specifies the information mandatory in the medical records, the end of life care procedure, the determination of death, and the issue of organ preservation measures before NHBD death. The persisting malaise associated with NHB donation reported by OR nurses is finally documented using an anonymous questionnaire. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 144 (24 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHigh correlation between the Roche COBAS(R) AmpliPrep/COBAS(R) TaqMan(R) HIV-1, v2.0 and the Abbott m2000 RealTime HIV-1 assays for quantification of viral load in HIV-1 B and non-B subtypes.
Karasi, Jean Claude ULg; Dziezuk, F; Quennery, L et al

in Journal of Clinical Virology (2011), 52(3), 181-6

BACKGROUND: HIV-1 viral load assays are critical tools to monitor antiretroviral therapy efficacy in HIV-infected patients. Two assays based on real-time PCR are available, the Abbott Real-Time HIV-1 ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: HIV-1 viral load assays are critical tools to monitor antiretroviral therapy efficacy in HIV-infected patients. Two assays based on real-time PCR are available, the Abbott Real-Time HIV-1 assay (Abbott assay) and the new Roche COBAS((R)) AmpliPrep/COBAS((R)) TaqMan((R)) HIV-1 test, v. 2.0 (TaqMan((R)) test v2.0). OBJECTIVES: We have compared the performance of the two assays in 546 clinical plasma specimens of group M strains from Luxembourg and Rwanda. STUDY DESIGN: Our analyses focused on subtype inclusivity and platforms accuracy for 328 low level viremia samples. RESULTS: Strong agreement and linear correlation were observed between the two assays (R(2) = 0.95) over a wide dynamic range. Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean difference of 0.04 log 10 indicating minimal overall viral load quantification differences between both platforms. One subtype C was severely underquantified by TaqMan((R)) test v2.0 for which sequence analysis revealed multiple mismatches between the viral sequence and the primer/probe regions. A non significant lower quantification of the Abbott assay was shown for subtype A1 with a mean log 10 difference of 0.24. For specimens under 200 cp/mL, the overall agreement was 90% at the cut-off of 50 cp/mL and 67% at assay's lower limit of detection of 20 and 40 cp/mL. 309 samples were retested by the COBAS((R)) AMPLICOR((R)) HIV-1 MONITOR Test, v. 1.5 and a lack of agreement between the three assays around their lower limit of quantification was revealed. CONCLUSIONS: Both real-time tests were closely comparable in the quantification of viral load specimens of ten HIV-1 subtypes and recombinant forms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (0 ULg)