References of "2011"
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See detailTropfenpopulationsbilanzen zur Auslegung von Extraktionskolonnen
Adinata, Donni; Ayesteran, José M.; Buchbender, Florian et al

in Chemie Ingenieur Technik (2011), 83(7), 952964

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See detailLes Codes La Charte. Droit international conventionnel et Droit administratif
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Behrendt, Christian ULg; Lewalle, Paul ULg et al

Book published by La Charte (2011)

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See detailReciprocal interactions between wakefulness and sleep influence global and regional brain activity
Muto, Vincenzo ULg; Mascetti, Laura ULg; Matarazzo, Luca et al

in Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry (2011), 11(19), 2403-13

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See detailInfluence of zirconia framework thickness on residual stress profile in veneering ceramic: Measurement by hole-drilling.
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Schajer, G. S.; Vanheusden, Alain ULg et al

in Dental Materials (2011)

OBJECTIVES: Framework design is reported to influence chipping in zirconia-based restorations, which is an important cause of failure of such restorations. Residual stress profile in the veneering ceramic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Framework design is reported to influence chipping in zirconia-based restorations, which is an important cause of failure of such restorations. Residual stress profile in the veneering ceramic after the manufacturing process is an important predictive factor of the mechanical behavior of the material. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of framework thickness on the stress profile measured in zirconia-based structures. METHODS: The stress profile was measured with the hole-drilling method in bilayered disc samples of 20mm diameter with a 1.5mm thick veneering ceramic layer. Six different framework thicknesses from 0.5mm to 3mm were studied. Two different cooling procedures were also investigated. RESULTS: Compressive stresses were observed in the surface, and tensile stresses in the depth of most of the samples. The slow cooling procedure was found to promote the development of interior tensile stresses, except for the sample with a 3mm thick framework. With the tempering procedure, samples with a 1.5mm thick framework exhibited the most favorable stress profile, while thicker and thinner frameworks exhibited respectively in surface or interior tensile stresses. Significance: The measurements performed highlight the importance of framework thickness, which determine the nature of stresses and can explain clinical failures encountered, especially with thin frameworks. The adequate ratio between veneering ceramic and zirconia is hard to define, restricting the range of indications of zirconia-based restorations until a better understanding of such a delicate veneering process is achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of the error density in a semi-parametric transformation model.
Samb, Rawane; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Van Keilegom, Ingrid

E-print/Working paper (2011)

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See detailLa construction de l’ “écrivain francophone” : analyse comparée de deux structures médiatrices
Provenzano, François ULg

in Alvès, Audrey; Pourchet, Maria (Eds.) Les médiations de l'écrivain : les conditions de la création littéraire (2011)

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See detailMitotic spindle: focus on the function of huntingtin
Godin, Juliette ULg; Humbert, Sandrine

in International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology (2011), 43(6), 852-856

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See detailCombining intercropping with semiochemical releases: optimization of alternative control of Sitobion avenae 1 in wheat crops in China
Wang, Guang; Cui, Liang-Liang; Dong, Jie et al

in Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2011)

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See detailExposition
Desvallées, André; Schärer, Martin; Drouguet, Noémie ULg

in Mairesse, François; Desvallées, André (Eds.) Dictionnaire encyclopédique de muséologie (2011)

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See detailAn extended thermodynamic model of transient heat conduction at sub-continuum scales
Lebon, Georgy ULg; Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Grmela, M. et al

in Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences (2011), 467

A thermodynamic description of transient heat conduction at small length and timescales is proposed. It is based on extended irreversible thermodynamics and the main feature of this formalism is to ... [more ▼]

A thermodynamic description of transient heat conduction at small length and timescales is proposed. It is based on extended irreversible thermodynamics and the main feature of this formalism is to elevate the heat flux vector to the status of independent variable at the same level as the classical variable, the temperature. The present model assumes the coexistence of two kinds of heat carriers: diffusive and ballistic phonons. The behaviour of the diffusive phonons is governed by a Cattaneo-type equation to take into account the high-frequency phenomena generally present at nanoscales. To include non-local effects that are dominant in nanostructures, it is assumed that the ballistic carriers are obeying a Guyer–Krumhansl relation. The model is applied to the problem of transient heat conduction through a thin nanofilm. The numerical results are compared with those provided by Fourier, Cattaneo and other recent models. [less ▲]

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See detailFlow cytometric detection of myeloperoxidase in horse neutrophils: a novel technique in equine diagnostic research.
Wauters, Jella; Franck, Thierry ULg; Pille, Frederik et al

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2011), 144(3-4), 417-22

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a protein of interest due to its involvement in equine pathologies. Until now, results in equine diagnostic research were achieved through extracellular MPO detection. However ... [more ▼]

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a protein of interest due to its involvement in equine pathologies. Until now, results in equine diagnostic research were achieved through extracellular MPO detection. However, studying the cellular MPO content in neutrophils has revealed important insights in human diseases. This study aimed to develop a technique for the specific detection of MPO on the single cell level defining a flow cytometric protocol for the detection of both equine surface-bound and cellular MPO. Both indirect and direct labeling techniques are described which include the comparison of two secondary antibodies and two linking-fluorochromes, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailStable isotopes of captive Cetaceans (Killer Whales and Bottlenose dolphins)
Caut, Stéphane; Laran, Sophie; Garcia-Hartmann, Emmanuel et al

in Journal of Experimental Biology (2011), 214

There is currently a great deal of interest in using stable-isotope methods to investigate diet, trophic level and migration movement in wild cetaceans. Fundamental to the interpretation of these methods ... [more ▼]

There is currently a great deal of interest in using stable-isotope methods to investigate diet, trophic level and migration movement in wild cetaceans. Fundamental to the interpretation of these methods is the need to understand how diet isotopic values are reflected in consumer tissues. In this study, we investigated patterns of isotopic discrimination between diet and blood constituents of two species of cetaceans (killer whale, Orcinus orca and 19 bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncutus) fed with controlled diets during 350 days. Diet discrimination factors ( ) for plasma were estimated to 13C =2.3‰ and 1520 N =1.8‰ respectively for both species and to 13C =2.7‰ and 1521 N =0.5‰ for red blood cells (RBC). Delipidation had no significant effect on carbon and nitrogen isotopic values of blood constituents, confirming that cetacean blood no serving as reservoirs of lipids. In contrast, carbon isotopic values are higher in delipidated samples of blubber, liver and muscle of orca tissues. The mean half life for plasma was 32.9 days for killer whales and 27.2 days for bottlenose dolphin and for RBC was greater than 175 days. The potential for conflict between fisheries and cetaceans has heightened the need for trophic information about this taxa within those ecosystems. These results provide the first published stable isotope turnover rates and discrimination factors for cetaceans, which are essential if conclusions are to be drawn on issues concerning trophic structures, carbon sources and diet reconstruction. [less ▲]

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See detailWriting Gender, Re-writing Nation: Wide Sargasso Sea, Annie John, Jane and Louisa Will Soon Come Home, and Myal
Romdhani, Rebecca ULg

in Bucknor, Michael; Donnell, Alison (Eds.) The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature (2011)

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See detailcompte rendu de : S. Douglas OLSON (Ed.), Athenaeus. The Learned Banqueters. Books 12-13.594b
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2011), 80

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See detailIntroduction
Breux, Sandra; Reuchamps, Min ULg

in Breux, Sandra; Reuchamps, Min; Loiseau, Hugo (Eds.) Carte mentale et science politique : Regards et perspectives critiques sur l’emploi d’un outil prometteur (2011)

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See detailScreening for colorectal cancer in asymptomatic average risk patients: role of imaging.
Hock, D.; Ouhadi, R.; Materne, R. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011), 74(1), 70-6

Early detection of colorectal cancer or advanced adenomas is a public health priority in many industrialized countries. There are various methods of screening average risk individuals for colorectal ... [more ▼]

Early detection of colorectal cancer or advanced adenomas is a public health priority in many industrialized countries. There are various methods of screening average risk individuals for colorectal cancer, and their effectiveness may depend on subjective parameters like local expertise and patient's preferences. This paper reviews these tests with special emphasis regarding imaging techniques that aim to provide less-invasive alternatives to optical colonoscopy (OC) which is the standard of reference. Both Double-Contrast Barium Enema (DCBE) and Virtual Colonoscopy (VC) have >90% sensitivity compared to OC in the detection of clinically relevant colonic lesions. Nevertheless, VC may have an edge over DCBE for technical and reproductivity reasons, as well as greater learning opportunities. Imaging techniques criticisms regarding diminutive and flat lesions, cost, radiation exposure and effects on gastroenterological practice are addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear Normal Modes: A Finite Element Approach
Renson, Ludovic ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Conference (2011)

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See detailLarge carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) in Western Europe: a review
Dekeirsschieter, Jessica ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 425-437

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic ... [more ▼]

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic context and investigations. However, some Silphidae present the desirable characteristics of some Diptera used in postmortem estimates and thus may extend the minimum postmortem interval (PMImin). We review here the taxonomy and distribution of Western Palearctic Silphidae. The anatomical and morphological characteristics of both subfamilies are described for adults and larvae. The biology and ecology of silphids are also summarized for Silphinae and Nicrophorinae. A specific chapter gives an overview of the current uses of Silphidae in forensic entomology as postmortem indicator. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentifying the default-mode component in spatial IC analyses of patients with disorders of consciousness.
Soddu, Andrea ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Human Brain Mapping (2011)

Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers ... [more ▼]

Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers. We here aimed to identify the DMN in the challenging patient population of disorders of consciousness encountered following coma. Experimental design: A spatial independent component analysis-based methodology permitted DMN assessment, decomposing connectivity in all its different sources either neuronal or artifactual. Three different selection criteria were introduced assessing anticorrelation-corrected connectivity with or without an automatic masking procedure and calculating connectivity scores encompassing both spatial and temporal properties. These three methods were validated on 10 healthy controls and applied to an independent group of 8 healthy controls and 11 severely brain-damaged patients [locked-in syndrome (n = 2), minimally conscious (n = 1), and vegetative state (n = 8)]. Principal observations: All vegetative patients showed fewer connections in the default-mode areas, when compared with controls, contrary to locked-in patients who showed near-normal connectivity. In the minimally conscious-state patient, only the two selection criteria considering both spatial and temporal properties were able to identify an intact right lateralized BOLD connectivity pattern, and metabolic PET data suggested its neuronal origin. Conclusions: When assessing resting-state connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness, it is important to use a methodology excluding non-neuronal contributions caused by head motion, respiration, and heart rate artifacts encountered in all studied patients. Hum Brain Mapp, 2011. (c) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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