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See detailDiscovery of English Grain Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Biotypes in China
Xu, Zhao-Huan; Chen, Julian; Cheng, Deng-Fa et al

in Journal of Economic Entomology (2011), 104(3), 1080-1086

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See detailReciprocal interactions between wakefulness and sleep influence global and regional brain activity
Muto, Vincenzo ULg; Mascetti, Laura ULg; Matarazzo, Luca et al

in Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry (2011), 11(19), 2403-13

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See detailInfluence of zirconia framework thickness on residual stress profile in veneering ceramic: Measurement by hole-drilling.
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Schajer, G. S.; Vanheusden, Alain ULg et al

in Dental Materials (2011)

OBJECTIVES: Framework design is reported to influence chipping in zirconia-based restorations, which is an important cause of failure of such restorations. Residual stress profile in the veneering ceramic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Framework design is reported to influence chipping in zirconia-based restorations, which is an important cause of failure of such restorations. Residual stress profile in the veneering ceramic after the manufacturing process is an important predictive factor of the mechanical behavior of the material. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of framework thickness on the stress profile measured in zirconia-based structures. METHODS: The stress profile was measured with the hole-drilling method in bilayered disc samples of 20mm diameter with a 1.5mm thick veneering ceramic layer. Six different framework thicknesses from 0.5mm to 3mm were studied. Two different cooling procedures were also investigated. RESULTS: Compressive stresses were observed in the surface, and tensile stresses in the depth of most of the samples. The slow cooling procedure was found to promote the development of interior tensile stresses, except for the sample with a 3mm thick framework. With the tempering procedure, samples with a 1.5mm thick framework exhibited the most favorable stress profile, while thicker and thinner frameworks exhibited respectively in surface or interior tensile stresses. Significance: The measurements performed highlight the importance of framework thickness, which determine the nature of stresses and can explain clinical failures encountered, especially with thin frameworks. The adequate ratio between veneering ceramic and zirconia is hard to define, restricting the range of indications of zirconia-based restorations until a better understanding of such a delicate veneering process is achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de Hubertus NEUHAUSEN, "Der Zweite Alkibiades. Untersuchungen zu einen pseudoplatonischen Dialog"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2011), 80

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See detailOptimisation du procédé de captage de CO2 dans des solvants aminés
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2011), 101

Post-combustion carbon capture in amine solvents is currently one of the most promising technologies to prevent large quantities of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere. Two models (equilibrium and ... [more ▼]

Post-combustion carbon capture in amine solvents is currently one of the most promising technologies to prevent large quantities of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere. Two models (equilibrium and kinetics) have been built using the Aspen Plus software in order to optimise the capture process. A sensitivity study at constant CO2 capture rate has shown that the solvent concentration, its flow rate and its regenerating pressure have the largest influence on the process energy requirement. Different process flowsheet modifications such as the lean vapor compression, an absorber inter-cooling and the split-flow configuration have been simulated as well, decreasing the energy cost of the process. Tests on a pilot installation will be made that will help to validate this model. [less ▲]

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See detailPathophysiology and prevention of postoperative peritoneal adhesions.
Arung, Willy; Meurisse, Michel ULg; DETRY, Olivier ULg

in World Journal of Gastroenterology (2011), 17(41), 4545-53

Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be ... [more ▼]

Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be considered as the pathological part of healing following any peritoneal injury, particularly due to abdominal surgery. The balance between fibrin deposition and degradation is critical in determining normal peritoneal healing or adhesion formation. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity resulting in multiple complications, many of which may manifest several years after the initial surgical procedure. In addition to acute small bowel obstruction, peritoneal adhesions may cause pelvic or abdominal pain, and infertility. In this paper, the authors reviewed the epidemiology, pathogenesis and various prevention strategies of adhesion formation, using Medline and PubMed search. Several preventive agents against postoperative peritoneal adhesions have been investigated. Their role aims in activating fibrinolysis, hampering coagulation, diminishing the inflammatory response, inhibiting collagen synthesis or creating a barrier between adjacent wound surfaces. Their results are encouraging but most of them are contradictory and achieved mostly in animal model. Until additional findings from future clinical researches, only a meticulous surgery can be recommended to reduce unnecessary morbidity and mortality rates from these untoward effects of surgery. In the current state of knowledge, pre-clinical or clinical studies are still necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of the several proposed prevention strategies of postoperative peritoneal adhesions. [less ▲]

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See detailMitotic spindle: focus on the function of huntingtin
Godin, Juliette ULg; Humbert, Sandrine

in International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology (2011), 43(6), 852-856

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See detailCombining intercropping with semiochemical releases: optimization of alternative control of Sitobion avenae 1 in wheat crops in China
Wang, Guang; Cui, Liang-Liang; Dong, Jie et al

in Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2011)

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See detailImpact of aortic stiffness on left ventricular function and B-type natriuretic peptide release in severe aortic stenosis.
Rosca, M.; Magne, Julien ULg; Calin, A. et al

in European Journal of Echocardiography (2011), 12(11), 850-856

Aims: In aortic stenosis (AS), both reduced systemic arterial compliance and increased valvular load have been shown to contribute to impaired left ventricular (LV) function. However, the relationship ... [more ▼]

Aims: In aortic stenosis (AS), both reduced systemic arterial compliance and increased valvular load have been shown to contribute to impaired left ventricular (LV) function. However, the relationship between LV function and aortic stiffness has not yet been investigated. We aimed to assess the relationship between aortic stiffness and LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), LV filling pressures (E/E′) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in AS. <br />Methods and results : A comprehensive echocardiogram was performed in 48 consecutive patients with severe AS (,0.6 cm2/m2) and preserved LV ejection fraction (≥50%). Aortic stiffness index (beta) was calculated based on aortic diameters measured by echocardiography and blood pressure. Systemic arterial compliance (SAC) and valvulo-arterial impedance (Zva) <br />were also determined. Aortic beta index was significantly correlated with Zva (r ¼ 0.30, P ¼ 0.03) and SAC (r ¼ 20.29, P ¼ 0.04). GLS (r ¼ 0.45, P ¼ 0.001), E/E′ (r ¼ 0.48, P ¼ 0.001) and BNP levels (r ¼ 0.45, P ¼ 0.001) were significantly related to aortic beta index. No significant correlation was found between GLS or E/E′ and SAC or Zva. In multivariate regression analysis, aortic beta index remained correlated with GLS, E/E′, and BNP levels. <br />Conclusions : In patients with severe AS and preserved LV ejection fraction, independently of the valvular load, an increase in aortic rigidity, as assessed by aortic beta index, is independently correlated with reduced LV longitudinal function, increased LV filling pressures, and BNP levels. [less ▲]

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See detailForming forces in single point incremental forming: prediction by finite element simulations, validation and sensitivity
Henrard, Christophe; Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Eyckens, P. et al

in Computational Mechanics (2011), 47

The aim of this article is to study the accuracy of finite element simulations in predicting the tool force occurring during the single point incremental forming (SPIF) process. The forming of two cones ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to study the accuracy of finite element simulations in predicting the tool force occurring during the single point incremental forming (SPIF) process. The forming of two cones in soft aluminum was studied with two finite element (FE) codes and several constitutive laws (an elastic–plastic law coupled with various hardening models). The parameters of these laws were identified using several combinations of a tensile test, shear tests, and an inverse modeling approach taking into account a test similar to the incremental forming process. Comparisons between measured and predicted force values are performed. This article shows that three factors have an influence on force prediction: the type of finite element, the constitutive law and the identification procedure for the material parameters. In addition, it confirms that a detailed description of the behavior occurring across the thickness of the metal sheet is crucial for an accurate force prediction by FE simulations, even though a simple analytical formula could provide an otherwise acceptable answer. [less ▲]

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See detailFinal results of NKTR-102, a topoisomerase I inhibitor-polymer conjugate, in patients (Pts) with pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC) demonstrating significant antitumor activity
Garcia, A; Awada, A; Chan, S et al

in Journal of Clinical Oncology (2011), 29(supplement 27),

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See detailFlow cytometric detection of myeloperoxidase in horse neutrophils: a novel technique in equine diagnostic research.
Wauters, Jella; Franck, Thierry ULg; Pille, Frederik et al

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2011), 144(3-4), 417-22

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a protein of interest due to its involvement in equine pathologies. Until now, results in equine diagnostic research were achieved through extracellular MPO detection. However ... [more ▼]

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a protein of interest due to its involvement in equine pathologies. Until now, results in equine diagnostic research were achieved through extracellular MPO detection. However, studying the cellular MPO content in neutrophils has revealed important insights in human diseases. This study aimed to develop a technique for the specific detection of MPO on the single cell level defining a flow cytometric protocol for the detection of both equine surface-bound and cellular MPO. Both indirect and direct labeling techniques are described which include the comparison of two secondary antibodies and two linking-fluorochromes, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailPresent day carbon dioxide fluxes in the coastal ocean and possible feedbacks under global change
Borges, Alberto ULg

in da Silva Duarte, P. M.; Santana Casiano, J. M. (Eds.) Oceans and the atmospheric carbon content (2011)

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See detailcompte rendu de : S. Douglas OLSON (Ed.), Athenaeus. The Learned Banqueters. Books 12-13.594b
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2011), 80

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See detailScreening for colorectal cancer in asymptomatic average risk patients: role of imaging.
Hock, D.; Ouhadi, R.; Materne, R. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011), 74(1), 70-6

Early detection of colorectal cancer or advanced adenomas is a public health priority in many industrialized countries. There are various methods of screening average risk individuals for colorectal ... [more ▼]

Early detection of colorectal cancer or advanced adenomas is a public health priority in many industrialized countries. There are various methods of screening average risk individuals for colorectal cancer, and their effectiveness may depend on subjective parameters like local expertise and patient's preferences. This paper reviews these tests with special emphasis regarding imaging techniques that aim to provide less-invasive alternatives to optical colonoscopy (OC) which is the standard of reference. Both Double-Contrast Barium Enema (DCBE) and Virtual Colonoscopy (VC) have >90% sensitivity compared to OC in the detection of clinically relevant colonic lesions. Nevertheless, VC may have an edge over DCBE for technical and reproductivity reasons, as well as greater learning opportunities. Imaging techniques criticisms regarding diminutive and flat lesions, cost, radiation exposure and effects on gastroenterological practice are addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear Normal Modes: A Finite Element Approach
Renson, Ludovic ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Conference (2011)

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See detailCas de pneumonie interstitielle référés à l’université de Liège
Borde, Laura ULg; Araújo Pequito, Manuel; Molitor, Céline et al

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (2011), 43(171), 1-10

La pneumonie interstitielle est une maladie rare chez le cheval adulte. Une étude rétrospective propose de revenir sur 9 cas référés entre 1998 et 2009.

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See detailCaryl Phillips: The Dignity of the Examined Life
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Bucknor, Michael A.; Donnell, Alison (Eds.) The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature (2011)

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