References of "2011"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelf-DNA release mediates the adjuvant effects of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, Denis et al

Poster (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRelaxed skin tension lines imaging.
CAUCANAS, Marie ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg; FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg

in Treatment Strategies. Dermatology (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPrise en charge de la douleur chronique en Belgique : passé, présent et futur
Berquin, Anne; FAYMONVILLE, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Deseure, Kristof et al

Report (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 132 (8 ULg)
See detailPhysical modelling of overbank flows with a groyne set on the floodplain
Peltier, Yann ULg

Doctoral thesis (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'évolution du comble à la lecture des traités français d'architecture du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle
Gilles, Isabelle ULg

in Hoffsummer, Patrick (Ed.) Les charpentes du XIe au XIXe siècle: Grand Ouest de la France. (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimizing early nutritional support based on recent recommendations in VLBW infants and postnatal growth restriction
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (2011), 53(5), 536-542

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
See detailHet geïntegreerde contrastieve onderzoeksdesign onder de loep
Hiligsmann, Philippe; Rasier, Laurent ULg

in Rasier, Laurent; Van Heuven, Vincent; Defrancq, Bart (Eds.) et al Nederlands in het perspectief van uitspraakverwerving en contrastieve taalkunde (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detail'Tu manges aujourd’hui, tu ne manges pas le lendemain, ça c’est la pauvreté'. L’incertitude alimentaire à Bamako
de Suremain, Charles-Edouard; Razy, Elodie ULg

in Arditi, P.; Janin, P.; Marie, A. (Eds.) "La lutte contre l'insécurité alimentaire au Mali. Réalités et faux semblants" (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe role of form and meaning in the processing of written morphology: A priming study in French developing readers
Quemart, Pauline ULg; Casalis, Séverine; Colé, Pascale

in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (2011), 109(4), 478-496

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
See detailVies et mort de la francophonie. Une politique française de la langue et de la littérature
Provenzano, François ULg

Book published by Les Impressions nouvelles (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of Greenland and Antarctic ice sheet interactions on climate sensitivity
Goelzer, H.; Huybrechts, P.; Loutre, M.-F. et al

in Climate Dynamics (2011), 37(5-6), 1005-1018

We use the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM to show the effect of coupling interactive ice sheets on the climate sensitivity of the model on a millennial time scale. We compare the ... [more ▼]

We use the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM to show the effect of coupling interactive ice sheets on the climate sensitivity of the model on a millennial time scale. We compare the response to a 2xCO2 warming scenario between fully coupled model versions including interactive Greenland and Antarctic ice sheet models and model versions with fixed ice sheets. For this purpose an ensemble of different parameter sets have been defined for LOVECLIM, covering a wide range of the model's sensitivity to greenhouse warming, while still simulating the present-day climate and the climate evolution over the last millennium within observational uncertainties. Additional freshwater fluxes from the melting ice sheets have a mitigating effect on the model's temperature response, leading to generally lower climate sensitivities of the fully coupled model versions. The mitigation is effectuated by changes in heat exchange within the ocean and at the sea-air interface, driven by freshening of the surface ocean and amplified by sea-ice-related feedbacks. The strength of the effect depends on the response of the ice sheets to the warming and on the model's climate sensitivity itself. With the ensemble approach in this study we cover a wide range of possible model responses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailWaremme
Pirlet, Pierre-François ULg

in Histoire & Patrimoine des communes de Belgique, Province de Liège (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigating Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in case-control or cohort studies or meta-analysis.
Ziegler, Andreas; Van Steen, Kristel ULg; Wellek, Stefan

in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (2011), 128(1), 197-201

Yu et al. (Breast Cancer Res Treat 117:675-677, 2009) recently stated that testing for deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) is necessary to identify systematic genotyping errors in case-control ... [more ▼]

Yu et al. (Breast Cancer Res Treat 117:675-677, 2009) recently stated that testing for deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) is necessary to identify systematic genotyping errors in case-control studies. They criticized a meta-analytic study for the deviation from HWE in the case group of one study. The aim of this article is twofold. First, we derive recommendations on how to test for deviations from HWE in different study designs. Second, we develop a meta-analytic framework for assessing compatibility with HWE or measuring deviation from HWE. The authors sketch the possible reasons behind deviation from HWE and provide guidelines for proper investigation of HWE deviations in different study designs. The authors argue that the standard HWE chi(2) lack of fit test is logically flawed and provide a logically unflawed approach for measuring deviation from HWE using confidence intervals. The proposed method is applicable to meta-analyses of both case-control or cohort association studies. The proposed approach is illustrated using the meta-analysis criticized by Yu et al. Heterogeneity between studies can be assessed. The critique of Yu et al. to the article of Frank et al. (Breast Cancer Res Treat 111:139-144, 2008) can be refuted. Even more, validity of HWE can be proven for the pooled control sample. The authors advocate the use of a confidence interval-based approach to assess HWE. The latter should only be investigated in control populations. In multicenter studies or meta-analysis, deviation from HWE should be analyzed using a meta-analytic approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimal and robust event-related designs for fMRI
Maus, Bärbel ULg; van Breukelen, Gerard J P; Goebel, R et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClosure to "Energy Dissipation and Turbulent Production in Weak Hydraulic Jumps" by E. Mignot and R. Cienfuegos
Mignot, E.; Peltier, Yann ULg; Cienfuegos, R.

in Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (2011), 137(8), 862-863

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of a formic/acetic acid treatment of beech wood on delignification and chemical structure of lignins
Simon, Mathilde ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg et al

Conference (2011)

Lignocellulosic substrates constitute a promising alternative resource for the sustainable production of energy (biofuels), biobased products and organic compounds. In the past, the extraction and the ... [more ▼]

Lignocellulosic substrates constitute a promising alternative resource for the sustainable production of energy (biofuels), biobased products and organic compounds. In the past, the extraction and the valorization of cellulose (into fermentescible glucose) constituted the central axis of lignocellulosic biorefinery processes. Degraded hemicelluloses and lignins were however recovered as side-products with no possibilities of high-added value applications. Within the context of an integrated biorefinery, and for economic reasons, the recovery and the non-energetic transformation of lignins have opened recently new horizons. Lignin is a cross-linked phenolic polymer and is considered as a potential alternative to petrochemical polymers or as a source of antioxidants for cosmetics and food industry, resins, chelating agent... As the final application of lignin is dependent of both extraction process and type of lignocellulosic sources, the development of fast and efficient physicochemical characterization methods is thus a prerequisite to optimize extraction processing conditions. In this study, beech wood particles (Fagus sylvatica L.) collected in the region of Gaume (Belgium) were delignified at atmospheric pressure by a mixture of formic acid/acetic acid/water. The effect of cooking time and temperature was evaluated on delignification and on chemical structure of lignins obtained by precipitation from the black liquor after treatments. To study the delignification, a central composite design and response surface methodology were used for the optimization of two treatments parameters, i.e. time (between 1h30 and 4h30) and temperature (from 87 to 107°C). These two variables were optimized for delignification yield, pulp yield, concentration of degradation products (furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural) and for the amount of residual linkages between lignin constitutive units. On the basis of our results, higher delignification yields were obtained when cooking time and temperature increased. However, for high cooking times and temperatures, pulp yield decreased because hemicelluloses and cellulose were hydrolyzed and the production of furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural was augmented. The structural and physico-chemical features of extracted lignins were investigated with different analytical tools, namely infrared spectrometry, thermogravimetric analysis, size-exclusion chromatography, mono-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR 1H and NMR 13C) and bidimensional NMR (heteronuclear HSQC experiments). The characterization of lignins indicated the occurrence of a repolymerization phenomenon when both cooking time and temperature increased. Indeed, HSQC NMR spectra presented oxidized syringyl units. Otherwise, thermogravimetric analysis and HSQC analysis showed the presence of hemicelluloses in lignin samples from soft treatments (1h30, 87°C). Some linkages between lignin and hemicelluloses were not cleaved under these experimental conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (18 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA partial hybrid stress solid-shell element for the analysis of laminated composites
Rah, Kamran; Van Paepegem, Wim; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineerinrg (2011), 200(49-52), 35263539

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has ... [more ▼]

In this paper a low order partial hybrid stress solid-shell element based on the composite energy functional for the analysis of laminated composite structures is presented. This solid-shell element has eight nodes with only displacement degrees of freedoms, and three-dimensional constitutive models can be directly employed in the present formulation without any additional treatment. The assumed interlaminar stress field provides very accurate interlaminar stress calculation through the element thickness. These elements can be stacked on top of each other to model multilayer structures, fulfilling the interlaminar stress continuity at the interlayer surfaces and zero traction conditions on the top and bottom surfaces of the laminate. The present solid-shell does not show the transverse shear, trapezoidal and thickness locking phenomenon. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailK-type geomagnetic index nowcast with data quality control
Stankov, Stanimir; Stegen, Koen; Warnant, René ULg

in Annals of Geophysics = Annali di Geofisica (2011), 54(3), 285-295

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPour le discours incitatif. Qu'apprendre aux maitres à dire à leurs élèves pour inciter ces derniers à lire les oeuvres littéraires en leur prêtant la qualité d'attention requise par l'intention artistique ?
Van Beveren, Julien ULg; Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg; Dispy, Micheline ULg

in Repères : Recherches en Didactique du Français Langue Maternelle (2011), 43

L’apprentissage de l’expression d’un « jugement de gout motivé » et celui de l’expression d’un « jugement de valeur argumenté » sont, pour nous, à compter au nombre des activités de classe et de formation ... [more ▼]

L’apprentissage de l’expression d’un « jugement de gout motivé » et celui de l’expression d’un « jugement de valeur argumenté » sont, pour nous, à compter au nombre des activités de classe et de formation des maitres relatives à la lecture littéraire. L’énoncé de ces jugements peut se couler dans le moule du discours incitatif, engageant un public déterminé à lire ou à ne pas lire une œuvre littéraire donnée, voire un fragment de l’œuvre en question. Après avoir dit pourquoi il nous parait souhaitable d’aguerrir les futurs maitres à cette activité, nous faisons état d’une investigation portant sur des discours incitatifs produits par des enseignants, par de futurs formateurs d’enseignants et par de futurs enseignants, ces trois catégories œuvrant ou étant sur le point d’œuvrer à des niveaux d’études couvrant l’ensemble de la scolarité obligatoire. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (2 ULg)