References of "2011"
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See detailToxicokinetics of selenium in Chelonians: trophic exposure in Trachemys scripta scripta
Dyc, Christelle ULg; Greco, Anaïs; Das, Krishna ULg

(2011, December)

Background. Se is primordial for all development stages in oviparous species but can induce cellular damages (e.g. oxidative stress, histopathotoxicity) , embryo- and immunotoxicity (Usdi 1998; Hoffman ... [more ▼]

Background. Se is primordial for all development stages in oviparous species but can induce cellular damages (e.g. oxidative stress, histopathotoxicity) , embryo- and immunotoxicity (Usdi 1998; Hoffman 2002) , even at low concentration. Unlike birds and fishes, little is currently known on Se toxicology in reptiles, such as turtles. Most studies reported tissue burdens from field-captured or death animals but rarely provided an understanding of the dose, duration or pathway of exposure. Our present study aims to investigate toxicokinetic of Se through an in vivo and per os exposure of the yellow-bellied slider turtle Trachemys scripta scripta. Furthermore relationship between Se concentration in internal tissues (liver, kidney, muscle ) and external tissues (carapace, skin, blood) will evaluate usefulness of these last in the framework of non-invasive sampling in protected turtle species. Methodology. 160 yellow-bellied slider turtles, around four weeks old, were acquired in September 2010 and placed by pair in individual tank for a six-month acclimatization period. Lengths, as straight carapace length SCL, ranged from 1.7 to 6.4 cm. Three groups of 42 individuals each were designed. The feeding trial consisted in an eight-week supplementation period followed by a four-week depuration period. At some intervals during that time scale, six individuals per group were sacrificed and tissues were collected (carapace, scutes, skin, blood, liver, kidney, muscle) for selenium analysis. During the supplementation period, turtles were fed with diet containing 0 (control) , 23 or 47 µg.g-1 of selenium as seleno-L-methionine. During the depuration period, the remaining individuals were fed with non-supplemented control diet. Total selenium was investigated by ICPMS. Results and discussion. The Se-concentration in all collected tissues increased in a dose-dependent way over the course of the supplementation period. Se accumulation had no effect on survival, diet behavior or growth. Higher Se levels were observed in kidney, followed by muscle and blood. During the recovery period, Se levels decreased in tissues in a significantway except in blood, muscle and carapace. Blood, skin and carapace Se levels were positively correlated to those in kidney and muscle. Such relationships were also observed between liver and carapace, and blood. Results suggested a Se transfer through the food intake and the potential use of carapace and skin as relevant tools in non-invasive biomonitoring studies. [less ▲]

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See detailLayering of Size and Type Noun Constructions in English
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

Book published by Mouton de Gruyter - 1st (2011)

On the basis of synchronic and diachronic data analysis, the volume takes a close look at the synchronic layers of binominal size noun and type noun uses (a bunch/a load of X; a sort of X; a Y type of X ... [more ▼]

On the basis of synchronic and diachronic data analysis, the volume takes a close look at the synchronic layers of binominal size noun and type noun uses (a bunch/a load of X; a sort of X; a Y type of X) and reconsiders the framework of grammaticalization in view of issues raised by the phrases under discussion. As a result, a construction grammar-approach to grammaticalization is developed which does justice to the syntagmatic lexical, or collocational, reclustering observed in the data within an eclectic cognitive-functional approach. Prices subject to change. Shipping costs will be added. Current pricing is based [less ▲]

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See detailInstruments de gestion économique des crises sanitaires touchant les animaux de production en Europe
Vandeputte, Sébastien ULg; Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg et al

in Revue Scientifique et Technique / Office International des Epizooties = Revista Cientifica y Tecnica / Officina Internacional de Epizootias = Scientific and Technical Review / International Office of Epizootics (2011), 30(3), 683-701

The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed ... [more ▼]

The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed compensation schemes. Economic losses resulting from diseases may be direct and indirect. If a disease is covered by European Union regulations then countries have a legal obligation to partly compensate farmers for direct losses, either directly through the national budget, or through a specific fund. The European Veterinary Fund also cofinances these losses. Only a few countries provide compensation for indirect losses. The private insurance sector also provides protection against some direct and indirect losses but the risks covered are variable. To encourage farmers to subscribe to this kind of insurance, some public authorities provide subsidies to help pay the premium. Insurance companies do not generally cover the risks linked to contagious diseases, but some companies do extend cover to include this type of risk. Several alternatives, such as mutual funds, are available to improve risk coverage. There is a lack of harmonisation among the various compensation schemes of different countries. Public authorities cannot provide full compensation, but mutual funds and private insurance companies are alternatives that should be further investigated and their use should be extended to other countries. A classification of diseases would harmonise the situation at the European level. [less ▲]

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See detailIs hepatitis E virus zoonotic?
Thiry, Damien ULg

Conference (2011, December)

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See detailArchéologie et géomatique
Billen, Roland ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailGolden-headed lion tamarin research in the 21st century: Recent advances and potential areas of future research
Raghunathan, Poornima ULg

in Neotropical Primates (2011), 18(2), 72-76

On 7 and 8 December 2011, students, researchers, and conservationists with a vested interest in golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas; GHLTs) gathered at the State University of Santa ... [more ▼]

On 7 and 8 December 2011, students, researchers, and conservationists with a vested interest in golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas; GHLTs) gathered at the State University of Santa Cruz (UESC; Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil) for the symposium `Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin Research in the 21st Century: Recent Advances and Potential Areas of Future Research´ with the aim of sharing recent work and discussing potential future avenues for research. Within the last 5 years, several doctoral dissertations and masters theses were completed that focused on the biology, ecology, and/or conservation of GHLTs in addition to the ongoing work of established scientists who have devoted their professional lives to the study of this species and the Atlantic Forest. However, language barriers and the fact that many members of the GHLT community are based at institutions throughout the world have complicated widespread access to these results and collaborations among researchers. The primary goals of this symposium were to (1) promote the exchange of existing information, (2) contribute towards a better synchronization of research efforts, and (3) identify important steps for more efficient/ collaborative conservation efforts for GHLTs and their habitat. This symposium brought together 30 participants from 12 institutions in Brazil, Belgium and the USA and allowed for the dissemination of information to the global GHLT community, compilation of recent advances in research, and identification of gaps in knowledge of GHLT biology, ecology and conservation, which ultimately fostered discussions on how attendees could collaborate to fill knowledge gaps. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphological and histological studies of sheep’s brain
Salouci, Moustafa ULg; Engelen, Virginie; Jacqmot, Olivier ULg et al

Poster (2011, December)

Introduction: The study of normal structures of the sheep’s brain is very important to understand pathological changes caused by the bluetongue virus in the fetus’s brain at various stages of the ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The study of normal structures of the sheep’s brain is very important to understand pathological changes caused by the bluetongue virus in the fetus’s brain at various stages of the gestation. Bluetongue is an arthropod-borne viral disease of domestic and wild ruminants. The serotype 8 is responsible for outbreaks in Northern Europe in 2006. This virus causes lesions in the brain of fetuses as hydrancephaly and porencephaly. The aim of this work is to improve knowledge of anatomy and histology of the central nervous system of the sheep. Methods: Seven heads of adult sheep and one from a fetus aged 4,5 months were used. All heads were first opened in the frontal area using bone’s saw and immerged in a formalin solution for 10 days. After a good fixation, the brains were extracted and sectioned. Transversal, frontal and sagittal sections were realized. The sections of two brains were stained with Berlin-blue and treated to be embedded in methylmetacrylate for gross morphology. The different parts of the 6 resting brains were then embedded in paraffin, cut and the histological sections were stained with haematoxylin/eosin, cresyl violet or by use of silver impregnation. Results: Gross morphological examination of the brains embedded in methylmetacrylate showed the detailed anatomy of the different parts. The staining with haematoxylin/eosin permitted to differentiate the grey matter, the different nucleus and the layers of cerebral and cerebellum cortex. The cresyl violet technique permitted to visualize the Nissl bodies and the silver impregnation revealed nerve fibers. In the fetus brain, blood vessels were very numerous in the brainstem, the cerebellum and the cerebrum. The grey matter was less organized and looser. Conclusion: This work establishes an anatomical and histological approach allowing future studies in ovine fetuses with and without brain lesions potentially caused by the bluetongue virus. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence des traitements de steam explosion sur la dégradation thermique des fibres de cellulose
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Quievy, Nicolas; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2011), 101

The aim of this study is to identify the impact of different steam explosion treatments on the thermal degradation of cellulose fibers. The intensities of the treatments were defined by a severity factor ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to identify the impact of different steam explosion treatments on the thermal degradation of cellulose fibers. The intensities of the treatments were defined by a severity factor (SF), based on the residence time and the process temperature. The results obtained show that thermal degradation of cellulose fibers is limited when the severity factor value is below 4.0. At higher intensities, determination of thermal degradation products shows a significant increase of the hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) amount when increasing the intensity of the treatment. When the severity factor reached 5.2, TGA analysis shows that the increase of degradation products is coupled to an increase of the char level meaning a strong degradation of the cellulose. [less ▲]

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See detailLa gestion de la performance des entreprises sociales
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Mouchamps, Hugues ULg

in Davagle, Michel (Ed.) La bonne gouvernance dans les ASBL (2011)

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See detailFounding Rome Anew. Pope Sixtus IV and the Foundation of the Ponte Sisto, 1473
Schraven, Minou ULg

in Delbeke, Maarten; Schraven, Minou (Eds.) Foundation, Dedication and Consecration in Early Modern Europe (2011)

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See detailSeed dispersal by Western lowland gorillas (G.g.gorilla) in South East Cameroon
Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Tagg, Nikki; Beudels-Jamar, Roseline et al

in Primate Tidings (2011), 25

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See detailEvolution récente de l'incidence des fractures de hanche et de la consommation de médicaments anti-ostéoporotiques en Belgique
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Roberfroid, D. et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2011, December), 78(Suppl. 5), 43-44

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-516

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See detailMath et Manips à l'école primaire. Favoriser l'apprentissage des grandeurs par des manipulations
Guissard, Marie-France; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Losanges (2011), 15

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See detailThe Clinical characteristics of pituitary adenomas in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) with and without MEN1 mutation
Rostomyan, Liliya ULg; Tichomirowa, M.; Kirdyankina, N. et al

in ENEA Munich - abstract book (2011, December)

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See detailCredit rating agencies, the Sovereign Debt Crisis and Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in European Competition Journal (2011), 7(3),

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See detailTesting for one-sided alternatives in nonparametric censored regression
Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Pardo Fernandez, Juan Carlos

Conference (2011, December)

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See detailPreliminary insight into seed effectiveness of western lowland gorilla (Gorilla g.gorilla)
Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Tagg, Nikki; Beudels-Jamar, Roseline et al

in Primate Tidings (2011, December), 25

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See detailCharged poly(D,L-lactide) nanofibers: towards customized surface properties
Croisier, Florence ULg; Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Malherbe, Cédric ULg et al

in Macromolecular Symposia (2011), 309/310(1), 20-27

Surface-charged nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning technique (ESP). For this purpose, a copolymer bearing carboxylic acid functions was added to a poly(D,L-lactide) solution just before ESP ... [more ▼]

Surface-charged nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning technique (ESP). For this purpose, a copolymer bearing carboxylic acid functions was added to a poly(D,L-lactide) solution just before ESP process. In a basic medium, negative charges were therefore revealed on fiber surface. By deposition of positively charged particles or polyelectrolytes, surface properties of the fibers could be tailor-made for a specific application. This versatile method can, for example, be applied to the preparation of new biomedical scaffolds. [less ▲]

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