References of "2011"
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See detailClostridium difficile in farm and slaughterhouse animals: prevalence and typing
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; van Broeck, Johan et al

Scientific conference (2011, December 09)

Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic gram-positive spore-forming bacillus identified as a severe pathogenic agent in animals and humans. Its recent isolation in foods opens up the occurrence of ... [more ▼]

Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic gram-positive spore-forming bacillus identified as a severe pathogenic agent in animals and humans. Its recent isolation in foods opens up the occurrence of alimentary origin infections. The objective of the study is to establish if there is a reservoir of bacteria in animals engaged to human feed and consequent true risk of transmission to humans through the food chain. A total of 437 fecal samples were analyzed. Stools (202 from beef and 194 from pigs) were collected at the slaughterhouse and from breeding farms (18 from calves and 23 from piglets). Enrichment culture was carried out using a cycloserine cefoxitin fructose taurocholate broth. Isolates were identified by PCR detection of tpi, tcdA, tcdB and cdtA genes. Toxic activity was confirmed by a fecal cytotoxin inmmunoessay. Further characterization was performed by PCR ribotyping. Clostridium difficile was cultured from 8% (35/437) of the total samples: 14 from beef at slaughterhouse (6,9%), 17 from piglets (73,9%) and 4 from calves (22,2%) at breeding farms. Thirty-two of the total strains were toxin positive. Sixteen different PCR ribotypes were identified with type 078 predominant in breeding farms of calves (75%) and pigs (64,7%). Isolates from beef presented widest range in ribotypical variety. Present study proves the presence of Clostridium difficile in animals engaged to food in Belgium. The presence of the bacteria at the slaughterhouse and the high prevalence of pathogenic strains states a true risk of contamination to humans through the food chain. [less ▲]

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See detailZoonotic diseases in pet birds -a short review
Boseret, Géraldine ULg

Poster (2011, December 09)

The term « Pet bird » designates birds housed and breeded for an exclusively ornamental use. This category includes mainly Passeriformes (canaries, finches…) and Psittaciformes (parrots, parakeets…), and ... [more ▼]

The term « Pet bird » designates birds housed and breeded for an exclusively ornamental use. This category includes mainly Passeriformes (canaries, finches…) and Psittaciformes (parrots, parakeets…), and is a not-so-well known vet’s clientship fraction. Many families indeed own their « kitchen canary », which represent a lucrative business for pet shops or local breeders (e.a. via birds fairs and markets). Besides, some birds are bred for their very high value; for example, in the case of canaries, male and female reproductors with recognized genetic potential are presented in international contests for their posture (the Bossu Belge : fig 1a), their colour (red mosaic: fig 1b) and for their song (Harzer: fig 1c) and sold for rising prices. Finally, exotic birds like parrots (ara, cockatoo…), legally or illegaly traded from Asia, are however very popular pets and profusely represented in zoos and parks. Notwithstanding these economic facts, these animals are potential carriers and/or transmitters of zoonotic diseases. Some of them could have an important impact on human health, like ornithosis, salmonellosis or even H5N1 high pathogenic avian influenza. This review, although non exhausive, has as aim to enlighten, by the description of several cases of birds-humans transmission the risks encountered by birds owners, including children, and on another point of view to assess the potential economic consequences. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychrotrophic and psychrophylic Clostridium responsible for meat spoilage
Rodrigues, A.; Daube, Georges ULg

Poster (2011, December 09)

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See detailRetrospective analysis of a Listeria monocytogenes contamination episode of cheese made from raw goat’s milk using quantitative microbial risk assessment
Delhalle, Laurent; Ellouze, M.; Yde, M. et al

Poster (2011, December 09)

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See detailEvaluation environnementale de la production d'électricité photovoltaïque par Analyse du Cycle de Vie
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Poster session - Quelles approches transversales pour intégrer le développement durable dans la recherche? Exemples en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles - Recueil des Abstracts (2011, December 08)

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See detailEtude sur les pratiques de formation des "nouveaux entrants" au sein du secteur Agoria
Remy, Céline ULg

Conference (2011, December 08)

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See detailLong-term biogeochemical impacts of liming the ocean
Ilyina, Tatiana; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter; Munhoven, Guy ULg et al

Conference (2011, December 08)

Fossil fuel CO2 emissions result in large-scale long-term perturbations in seawater chemistry. Oceans take up atmospheric CO2, and several geo-engineering approaches have been suggested to mitigate ... [more ▼]

Fossil fuel CO2 emissions result in large-scale long-term perturbations in seawater chemistry. Oceans take up atmospheric CO2, and several geo-engineering approaches have been suggested to mitigate impacts of CO2 emissions and resulting ocean acidification that are based on this property. One of them is to enhance weathering processes to remove atmospheric CO2. This method involves dissolving rocks (i.e. limestone) or adding strong bases (i.e. calcium hydroxide) in the upper ocean and is termed as liming the oceans. The net effect of this approach is to increase ocean alkalinity, thereby increasing the oceanic capacity to store anthropogenic CO2. Another effect of adding alkalinity would be to drive seawater to higher pH values and thus counteract the ongoing ocean acidification. However, whereas adding bases only alter alkalinity of seawater, dissolution of carbonates perturb both, alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon budgets. Thus, on longer time scales, these two methods will likely have different biogeochemical effects in the ocean. Here we test enduring implications of the two approaches for marine carbon cycle using the global ocean biogeochemical model HAMOCC. In our model scenarios we add alkalinity in the amounts proportional to fossil fuel emissions. We compare the longterm effectiveness of the two geo-engineering approaches to decrease atmospheric CO2. [less ▲]

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See detailTable ronde autour de "La matrice de la race" (E. Dorlin)
Pieret, Denis ULg

Scientific conference (2011, December 08)

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See detailCaractérisation des coposés volatils des huiles d'olive produites dans des coopératives de la région orientale du Maroc
Tanouti, K.; Serghini-Caid, H.; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

in 5èmes Journées Internationales d'Etude sur les Lipides - JIEL 2011 : Graisses alimentaires, Lipides marins, Nutrition et Santé (2011, December 08)

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See detailChitosan-based biomimetic scaffolds and methods for preparing the same
Filée, Patrice; Freichels, Astrid ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Patent (2011)

The invention concerns chitosan biomimetic scaffolds and methods for modulating their intrinsic properties such as rigidity, elasticity, resistance to mechanical stress, porosity, biodegradation and ... [more ▼]

The invention concerns chitosan biomimetic scaffolds and methods for modulating their intrinsic properties such as rigidity, elasticity, resistance to mechanical stress, porosity, biodegradation and absorbance of exudates. Therefore, the present invention relates to a layered chitosan scaffold wherein said layered scaffold comprises at least two fused layers, wherein at least one of the fused layers comprises a chitosan nanofiber membrane and the other fused layer comprises a porous chitosan support layer. Moreover, the present invention provides a layered chitosan scaffold characterized by (i) a good adhesion between the porous and nanofiber layers, (ii) a tuneable porosity of the nanofiber layer by tuning the distance between the nanofibers, (iii) a stable nanofibers and porous morphology even when immersed in water or other solvents and a process for the preparation of such layered chitosan scaffold. Finally, the present invention provides the use of the layered electrospun chitosan scaffold of the invention or the layered electrospun chitosan scaffold produced by the process of the invention as a wound dressing, in tissue engineering or for biomedical applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (5 ULg)
See detailComment: Global virtues, EU vices? European economic and social governance in a post-crisis atmosphere
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Scientific conference (2011, December 08)

I commented on panelists' presentations on the viability of the EU's economic and social integration approaches in the wake of crisis.

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See detailLe projet de recherches SAFE
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; De Meester, Tatiana; De Herde, André et al

Poster (2011, December 08)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (10 ULg)