References of "2010"
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See detailLa portée critique de l'analyse des idées d'existence et de néant
Caeymaex, Florence ULg

in François, Arnaud (Ed.) L'évolution créatrice de Bergson (2010)

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See detailVaccinations in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.
Rahier, Jean-Francois; Moutschen, Michel ULg; Van Gompel, Alfons et al

in Rheumatology (2010), 49(10), 1815-27

Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as RA, IBD or psoriasis, are at increased risk of infection, partially because of the disease itself, but mostly because of treatment with ... [more ▼]

Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as RA, IBD or psoriasis, are at increased risk of infection, partially because of the disease itself, but mostly because of treatment with immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive drugs. In spite of their elevated risk for vaccine-preventable disease, vaccination coverage in IMID patients is surprisingly low. This review summarizes current literature data on vaccine safety and efficacy in IMID patients treated with immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory drugs and formulates best-practice recommendations on vaccination in this population. Especially in the current era of biological therapies, including TNF-blocking agents, special consideration should be given to vaccination strategies in IMID patients. Clinical evidence indicates that immunization of IMID patients does not increase clinical or laboratory parameters of disease activity. Live vaccines are contraindicated in immunocompromized individuals, but non-live vaccines can safely be given. Although the reduced quality of the immune response in patients under immunotherapy may have a negative impact on vaccination efficacy in this population, adequate humoral response to vaccination in IMID patients has been demonstrated for hepatitis B, influenza and pneumococcal vaccination. Vaccination status is best checked and updated before the start of immunomodulatory therapy: live vaccines are not contraindicated at that time and inactivated vaccines elicit an optimal immune response in immunocompetent individuals. [less ▲]

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See detailSelective epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor on large-area Si substrate for advanced logic CMOS technologies
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Brammertz, Guy; Wang, Gang et al

Conference (2010)

The continued downscaling of the metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor for sub-22 nm logic circuits with boosted performance will require the introduction of new channel materials with carrier ... [more ▼]

The continued downscaling of the metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor for sub-22 nm logic circuits with boosted performance will require the introduction of new channel materials with carrier mobility higher than that of Si, such as Ge for pMOS. The use of III-V compounds for nMOS devices poses however additional challenges related to the hetero-epitaxial growth of a polar semiconductor on a non-polar surface. Furthermore, these high-mobility materials have to be fabricated on large-area Si substrates, in the perspective of application in a standard low-cost very-large-scale integration scheme. In this work, we report on the successful growth of GaAs on 200 mm Si wafers by means of metal-organic vapor deposition using a modified Crius Close-Coupled Showerhead system from AIXTRON AG. We used Si (100) wafers with off-axis orientation (6° miscut towards <111>) in order to avoid the formation of anti-phase domains which lead to Ga-Ga and As-As bonds at their boundaries that have strong detrimental effects on the electrical conduction. In our approach, based on Ge virtual substrates with low threading dislocation (TD) density, the lattice mismatch between Si and GaAs is accommodated and, thus, no additional TD is introduced in the deposited III-V film. Our results show that smooth GaAs layers can be epitaxially grown on large-area Si substrates with high wafer-scale thickness uniformity. The excellent quality of the deposited GaAs was confirmed by photoluminescence and electron microscopy. Our process also demonstrates very high selectivity on patterned wafers with SiO2 mask and enabled the fabrication of capacitor structures using an integration process flow very similar to standard high volume Si manufacturing lines. The capacitance-voltage characteristics were similar to the ones obtained on a bulk GaAs substrate, and showed extremely tight within-wafer and wafer-to-wafer distributions as is standard to Si manufacturing. [less ▲]

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See detailStructures in Fire. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference
Kodur, Venkatesh; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Book published by DEStech Publications, Inc (2010)

These proceedings contains 122 papers. The covered topics are: steel structures, concrete structures, composite structures, timber structures, connections and fire safety engineering and practice.

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See detailAdaptive and Rational Anticipations in Risk Management Systems and Economy
Dubois, Daniel ULg; Holmberg, Stig C.

in Dubois, Daniel (Ed.) COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS (2010)

The global financial crisis of year 2009 is explained as a result of uncoordinated risk management decisions in business firms and economic organisations. The underlying reason for this can be found in ... [more ▼]

The global financial crisis of year 2009 is explained as a result of uncoordinated risk management decisions in business firms and economic organisations. The underlying reason for this can be found in the current financial system. As the financial market has lost much of its direct coupling to the concrete economy it provides misleading information to economic decision makers at all levels. Hence, the financial system has moved from a state of moderate and slow cyclical fluctuations into a state of fast and chaotic ones. Those misleading decisions can further be described, but not explained, by help of adaptive and rational expectations from macroeconomic theory. In this context, AE, the Adaptive Expectations are related to weak passive Exo-anticipation, and RE, the Rational expectations can be related to a strong, active and design oriented anticipation. The shortcomings of conventional cures, which builds on a reactive paradigm, have already been demonstrated in economic literature and are here further underlined by help of Ashby's “Law of Requisite Variety”, Weaver's distinction between systems of “Disorganized Complexity” and those of “Organized Complexity”, and Klir's “Reconstructability Analysis”. Anticipatory decision-making is hence here proposed as a replacement to current expectation based and passive risk management. An anticipatory model of the business cycle is presented for supporting that proposition. The model, which is an extension of the Kaldor-Kalecki model, includes both retardation and anticipation. While cybernetics with the feedback process in control system deals with an explicit goal or purpose given to a system, the anticipatory system discussed here deals with a behaviour for which the future state of the system is built by the system itself, without explicit goal. A system with weak anticipation is based on a predictive model of the system, while a system with strong anticipation builds its own future by itself. Numerical simulations on computer confirm the feasibility of this approach. Hence, functional differential equations with both retardation and anticipation are found to be useful tools for modelling financial systems. [less ▲]

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See detailGabriel Naudé entre bibliothèque docte et cabinet de curiosités
Decoster, Sara ULg

in Histoire et Civilisation du Livre : Revue Internationale (2010), VI

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See detailA grid for a precise analysis of daily activities
Wojtasik, Vinciane ULg; Olivier, Catherine ULg; Lekeu, Françoise ULg et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2010), 20

Assessment of daily living activities is essential in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Most current tools quantitatively assess overall ability but provide little qualitative information on individual ... [more ▼]

Assessment of daily living activities is essential in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Most current tools quantitatively assess overall ability but provide little qualitative information on individual difficulties. Only a few tools allow therapists to evaluate stereotyped activities and record different types of errors. We capitalised on the Kitchen Activity Assessment to design a widely applicable analysis grid that provides both qualitative and quantitative data on activity performance. A cooking activity was videotaped in 15 patients with dementia and assessed according to the different steps in the execution of the task. The evaluations obtained with our grid showed good correlations between raters, between versions of the grid and between sessions. Moreover, the degree of independence obtained with our analysis of the task correlated with the Kitchen Activity Assessment score and with a global score of cognitive functioning. We conclude that assessment of a daily living activity with this analysis grid is reproducible and relatively independent of the therapist, and thus provides quantitative and qualitative information useful for both evaluating and caring for demented patients. [less ▲]

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See detailOperational Risk and Reputation in the Financial Industry
Gillet, Roland; Hübner, Georges ULg; Plunus, Séverine ULg

in Journal of Banking and Finance (2010), 34

By examining stock market reactions to the announcement of operational losses by financial companies, this paper attempts to disentangle operational losses from reputational damage. Our analysis deals ... [more ▼]

By examining stock market reactions to the announcement of operational losses by financial companies, this paper attempts to disentangle operational losses from reputational damage. Our analysis deals with 154 events coming from the FIRST database of OpVantage. Events occurred between 1990 and 2004 in companies belonging to the financial sector and that are listed on the major European and US Stock Exchanges. Results show significant, negative abnormal returns at the announcement date of the loss, along with an increase in the volumes of trade. In cases of internal fraud, the loss in market value is greater that the operational loss amount announced, which is interpreted as a sign of reputational damage. Negative impact is proportionally greater when the loss amount represents a larger share in the company’s net profit. [less ▲]

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See detailBreakdown of within- and between-network resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging connectivity during propofol-induced loss of consciousness.
Boveroux, Pierre ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg et al

in Anesthesiology (2010), 113(5), 1038-53

BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of anesthesia-induced loss of consciousness remain poorly understood. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging allows investigating whole-brain connectivity changes ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of anesthesia-induced loss of consciousness remain poorly understood. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging allows investigating whole-brain connectivity changes during pharmacological modulation of the level of consciousness. METHODS: Low-frequency spontaneous blood oxygen level-dependent fluctuations were measured in 19 healthy volunteers during wakefulness, mild sedation, deep sedation with clinical unconsciousness, and subsequent recovery of consciousness. RESULTS: Propofol-induced decrease in consciousness linearly correlates with decreased corticocortical and thalamocortical connectivity in frontoparietal networks (i.e., default- and executive-control networks). Furthermore, during propofol-induced unconsciousness, a negative correlation was identified between thalamic and cortical activity in these networks. Finally, negative correlations between default network and lateral frontoparietal cortices activity, present during wakefulness, decreased proportionally to propofol-induced loss of consciousness. In contrast, connectivity was globally preserved in low-level sensory cortices, (i.e., in auditory and visual networks across sedation stages). This was paired with preserved thalamocortical connectivity in these networks. Rather, waning of consciousness was associated with a loss of cross-modal interactions between visual and auditory networks. CONCLUSIONS: Our results shed light on the functional significance of spontaneous brain activity fluctuations observed in functional magnetic resonance imaging. They suggest that propofol-induced unconsciousness could be linked to a breakdown of cerebral temporal architecture that modifies both within- and between-network connectivity and thus prevents communication between low-level sensory and higher-order frontoparietal cortices, thought to be necessary for perception of external stimuli. They emphasize the importance of thalamocortical connectivity in higher-order cognitive brain networks in the genesis of conscious perception. [less ▲]

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See detailClaude Lévi-Strauss. Notice nécrologique pour L'Année sartrienne
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Cormann, Grégory (Ed.) L'Année sartrienne, n° 24 (2010)

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See detailAn Extended Shallow-water-like Model Applied to Flows in Environmental and Civil Engineering
Kerger, François ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Hirsch, Gerhard; Kappel, Bernd (Eds.) Hydraulic Engineering: Structural Applications, Numerical Modeling and Environmental Impacts (2010)

Objective of this text is to rigorously develop a unified mathematical model to simulate a wide range of environmental flows. Particular emphasis is placed on flows relevant in civil and environmental ... [more ▼]

Objective of this text is to rigorously develop a unified mathematical model to simulate a wide range of environmental flows. Particular emphasis is placed on flows relevant in civil and environmental engineering. [less ▲]

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See detailQingheiite-(Fe2+), Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Sebastião Cristino pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Baijot, Maxime ULg; Philippo, Simon et al

in European Journal of Mineralogy (2010), 22

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See detailDosage par GC/QQQ de huit pesticides organochlorés dans le sérum
Dubois, Nathalie ULg; Elbaz, A.; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65(1), 58-64

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See detailLe droit européen de la concurrence au banc des accusés
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2010), (2),

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See detailA statistical validation for the cycles found in air temperature data using a Morlet wavelet-based method
Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Mabille, Georges ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg et al

in Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (2010), 17

Recently, new cycles, associated with periods of 30 and 43 months, respectively, have been observed by the authors in surface air temperature time series, using a wavelet-based methodology. Although many ... [more ▼]

Recently, new cycles, associated with periods of 30 and 43 months, respectively, have been observed by the authors in surface air temperature time series, using a wavelet-based methodology. Although many evidences attest the validity of this method applied to climatic data, no systematic study of its efficiency has been carried out. Here, we estimate confidence levels for this approach and show that the observed cycles are significant. Taking these cycles into consideration should prove helpful in increasing the accuracy of the climate model projections of climate change and weather forecast. [less ▲]

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See detailComponent-resolved diagnosis in peanut and hazelnut allergy.
Gadisseur, Romy ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg et al

in Allergy (2010), 65(Suppl.92), 106

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See detailPreliminary experiments: High-energy alpha PIXE in archaeometry
Dupuis, Thomas ULg; Chene, Grégoire ULg; Mathis, François ULg et al

in Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (2010), 268(11-12), 1911-1915

This paper describes the work realized at the "Centre Europeen d'Archeometrie" to highlight the utility of high-energy alpha PIXE in the particular field of archaeometry and to introduce the developments ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the work realized at the "Centre Europeen d'Archeometrie" to highlight the utility of high-energy alpha PIXE in the particular field of archaeometry and to introduce the developments done and to be clone to complete the knowledge of high-energy alpha PIXE. It starts with the comparison of the yield and the noise background between several alpha particle beams and the comparison between alpha particle and proton beams on different thick and thin references. After, this paper depicts the developments done at the "Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Atomique et Spectroscopie" to perform such high-energy experiments, first on standards and later on cultural heritage objects. Moreover, it introduces the problematics of such beams for the quantification in PIXE by the intermediary of the knowledge of the ionization and X-ray production cross-sections and also the developments done to answer to this serious lack in the databases. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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