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See detailAssociation of admission plasma D-dimer concentration with diagnosis and outcome in horses with colic.
Cesarini Latorre, Carlota ULg; Monreal, L.; Armengou, L. et al

in Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2010), 24(6), 1490-7

BACKGROUND: Coagulopathies detected in horses with gastrointestinal problems seem to be associated with poor outcome. Plasma D-Dimer concentration is a sensitive test for assessing coagulopathies ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Coagulopathies detected in horses with gastrointestinal problems seem to be associated with poor outcome. Plasma D-Dimer concentration is a sensitive test for assessing coagulopathies. HYPOTHESIS: Plasma D-Dimer concentration tested on admission is related to diagnosis and outcome in horses with colic. ANIMALS: Four hundred and ninety three horses referred for evaluation of abdominal pain. METHODS: Prospective observational clinical study. Horses were grouped according to diagnosis (medical and surgical intestinal obstructions, ischemic disorders with and without intestinal resection, enteritis, peritonitis), outcome (survivors, nonsurvivors), and number of coagulopathies (normal profile, 1 or 2 coagulopathies, subclinical disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC]). Blood samples were collected on admission and plasma D-Dimer concentration, clotting times (PT and aPTT), and antithrombin activity were determined. Positive likelihood ratios (LR+) were calculated for evaluation of D-Dimer cut-off values, which were later tested in a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Horses with enteritis or peritonitis had significantly (P<.001) higher plasma D-Dimer concentrations and more severe coagulopathies on admission than horses with other diagnoses. Nonsurvivors also had significantly (P<.001) higher plasma D-Dimer concentrations at presentation than did survivors, and those horses with subclinical DIC on presentation had an odds ratio (OR) 8.6 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3-22.5, P<.001) for nonsurvival. Finally, D-Dimer concentrations>4,000 ng/mL had a LR+ of 5.9 and an OR 8.8 (95% CI, 4.5-17.1, P<.001) for nonsurvival. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Plasma D-Dimer concentration measured on admission can be used to facilitate diagnosis and outcome prediction in horses with colic. A potential cut-off value for nonsurvival was found at approximately 4,000 ng/mL. [less ▲]

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See detailNondestructive Detection of Delaminations in Concrete Bridge Decks: A First Experimental Study
Van der Wielen, Audrey ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg

in Proceedings of the XIII International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (2010)

To detect delaminations in concrete bridge decks, nondestructive techniques (NDT) permit a frequent and large inspection of the slabs without damaging structures. This research was devoted to detect ... [more ▼]

To detect delaminations in concrete bridge decks, nondestructive techniques (NDT) permit a frequent and large inspection of the slabs without damaging structures. This research was devoted to detect simulated defects in twelve repaired concrete slabs. These were scanned with high frequency ground penetrating radar (GPR) with the common offset (CO) and common midpoint (CMP) methods. The electromagnetic waves speed was determined from CMPs. A 3D visualization program was also created to display the CO measurements. The visibility of the inserted defects revealed to be dependent on their lateral extension, their thickness and their constitutive material. [less ▲]

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See detailAcid-base imbalances during a 120 km endurance race compared by traditional and simplified strong ion difference methods.
Viu, J.; Jose-Cunilleras, E.; Armengou, L. et al

in Equine veterinary journal. Supplement (2010), (38), 76-82

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Acid-base disturbances are traditionally assessed using the Henderson-Hasselbach equation. The simplified strong ion approach describes more accurately the complex acid-base ... [more ▼]

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Acid-base disturbances are traditionally assessed using the Henderson-Hasselbach equation. The simplified strong ion approach describes more accurately the complex acid-base and electrolyte abnormalities present in endurance horses. OBJECTIVE: To describe acid-base and electrolytes changes in fit horses competing in a FEI*** 120 km endurance race and to compare the traditional vs. strong ion approaches. METHODS: Thirty horses were initially enrolled in the study. Venous blood samples were obtained before the race (n = 25), at the second (n = 29; 65.4 km) and third vet-gates (n = 23, 97.4 km) and upon race completion (n = 17). Blood gas analysis was performed to determine pH, PCO(2), PO(2), Na(+), K(+) and iCa(++), and calculate HCO(3)(-), base excess and tCO(2). Packed cell volume and total protein, globulin, albumin, lactate, phosphate, glucose and creatinine concentrations, as well as muscle enzymes activities, were also determined. Calculated variables included strong ion difference (SIDm), strong ion gap (SIG) and nonvolatile buffer concentration (A(tot)). A longitudinal linear model using the general estimating equation methodology was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Mild but significant increases in PCO(2), SIDm, lactate, plasma protein, globulins and A(tot), as well as a decrease in potassium concentrations were observed from the second vet-gate to race finish when compared to prerace values (P < 0.05). Using the strong ion approach, 67% samples showed acid-base disturbances vs. 70% when using the traditional method, but their interpretations only matched in 24% of measurements. CONCLUSIONS: A complex acid-base imbalance characterised by a mild strong ion alkalosis (hypochloraemia attenuated by hyperlactataemia), nonvolatile buffer acidosis and compensatory mild respiratory acidosis were present in most horses, although pH did not significantly change during a 120 km endurance race. The strong ion approach to interpretation of acid-base balance should be favoured over the traditional approach in endurance horses, given the frequent and complex alterations in PCO(2), SIDm and A(tot) during a race. [less ▲]

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See detailDes intentions aux actes : la volition en conseil d'orientation
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in L'Orientation Scolaire et Professionnelle (2010)

A model limited to motivation construct to explain the way from setting a vocational goal to its achievement cannot claim to give an account of how to overcome regulatory problems during goal striving. A ... [more ▼]

A model limited to motivation construct to explain the way from setting a vocational goal to its achievement cannot claim to give an account of how to overcome regulatory problems during goal striving. A model linking volition to motivation is needed. In particular, implementation intentions have been proved to be effective in helping the initiation of goal striving, shielding goal pursuit from unwelcome influences, and disengagement from not successful courses of action. It is proposed to extend the application of this volitional cognitive tool to career counselling. [less ▲]

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See detailConférences: Les rencontres du CEA en 2009
Van Ruymbeke, Muriel ULg

Report (2010)

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See detailUna declaración de intenciones: La UE y los países vecinos en la política exterior y de seguridad
Natorski, Michal ULg

in Barbé, Esther (Ed.) La Unión Europea más allá de sus fronteras ¿Hacia la transformación del Mediterráneo y Europa oriental? (2010)

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See detailQuebec Back Pain Disability Scale was responsive and showed reasonable interpretability after a multidisciplinary treatment
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Ostelo, Raymond; Knottnerus, André J. et al

in Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2010), 63(11), 1249-1255

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See detailESC TEXTBOOK OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING
ZAMORANO, J.L.; BAX, J.J.; KNUUTI, J. et al

Book published by Oxford University Press (2010)

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See detailA General Method for the Analysis and the Logical Generation of Discrete Mathematical Systems in Programmable Logical Controller
Dubois, Daniel ULg; Mascia, Antonio

in Trappl, Robert (Ed.) CYBERNETICS AND SYSTEMS 2010 (2010)

This paper deals with a general method for the analysis and the logical generation of discrete systems in Programmable Logical Controller (PLC). The Boolean operators are implemented with a generic and ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with a general method for the analysis and the logical generation of discrete systems in Programmable Logical Controller (PLC). The Boolean operators are implemented with a generic and unique algebraic model as event-dependent discrete equations, which can be executed in a sequential order. With this method, a generator of sequential logical tables can be designed, simulated and executed for implementing discrete dynamical systems. The purpose of this research is to design self-rewrite operating systems in PLC, which automatically checks the logic of the implemented discrete dynamical systems, for simulation and execution of sequential operations. [less ▲]

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See detailConrad's Kurtz in Heart of Darkness and Phillips's Nash in Crossing the River: A Discursive Approach
Najar, Imen ULg

in Gyssels, Kathleen; Ledent, Bénédicte (Eds.) Présence africaine en Europe et au-delà / African Presence in Europe and Beyond (2010)

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See detailLes indicateurs de l'enseignement
Baye, Ariane ULg; Danhier, Julien; Deny, Eric et al

Report (2010)

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See detailEffects of fibrates on cardiovascular outcomes.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Lancet (2010), 376(9746), 1051

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See detailBreaking the Mould: Escaping the term "Black British Poetry" in the Work of Jackie Kay and Bernardine Evaristo
Burkitt, Katharine ULg

in Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses (2010), 60

This article will discuss the work of Bernardine Evaristo and Jackie Kay in the context of "black British" poetry. I will argue that in both poets' work the discussion of identities which are hybrid ... [more ▼]

This article will discuss the work of Bernardine Evaristo and Jackie Kay in the context of "black British" poetry. I will argue that in both poets' work the discussion of identities which are hybrid, complex and conflicted in terms of race and nation are further complicated as the exploration of gender and sexuality focuses on the personal and disrupts all classifications that are collective. Focussing on poems from Jackie Kay's Darling: New and Selected Poems (2007) and Bernardine Evaristo's verse-novels Lara (1997) and The Emperor's Babe (2001) I will argue that as gender, sexuality, family relationships and motherhood, linguistic, cultural and poetic differences replace discussion of race and nation these writers present a post-racial and transnational understanding of the UK in the context of which easy labels, like "Black British" poetry are always up for debate. Furthermore, I will also suggest that Kay and Evaristo adapt poetic forms and push at their boundaries in order to accommodate their anomalous standpoints. Therefore just as "Black" and "British" become uncertain terms, so "Poetry" is also debated. [less ▲]

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See detailIn their Fathers' Footsteps: Performing Masculinity and Fatherhood in the Work of Les Murray and Michael Ondaatje
Burkitt, Katharine ULg

in Emig, Rainer; Rowland, Antony (Eds.) Performing Masculinity (2010)

At the turn of the twentieth-century the portrayal of masculinity in a postcolonial context has become increasingly complex. As the remnants of empires, those most masculine of Victorian pursuits, lie ... [more ▼]

At the turn of the twentieth-century the portrayal of masculinity in a postcolonial context has become increasingly complex. As the remnants of empires, those most masculine of Victorian pursuits, lie decrepit, so the assurances of the old relationships are dispelled and complicated by new forms of globalisation and neo-colonisation. In this context, postcolonial masculinity, a term which is itself fraught with contention, has been figured in various ways: Saladin Chamcha, the cloven-hoofed monstrous colonial of Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses, the male-dominated violence of gang-land Rio de Janeiro in Fernando Meirelles' film City of God, the aged and sexually inert immigrant male in the later works of Hanif Kureishi, and the problematic return to an authentically historicised and indigenous male identity that Derek Walcott explores in Omeros. These examples, and many others, consider the difficulty involved in articulating a coherent and positive masculine identity in a world that is fractured and characterised by disparate social contexts that are related to colonialism. I will consider this difficulty in the work of Les Murray, an Australian poet whose exploration of masculine identity is inherently linked to his conceptualisation of national identity and Australia's fractious racial politics. In Murray's work postcolonial masculinity is a myth of empire-building hubris, or curtailed, victimised and essentially feminised. This is in contrast to the work of others, including the Sri Lankan/Canadian writer Michael Ondaatje, for whom some versions of postcolonial masculinity offer a potent spirituality which prevails optimistically against the bleakness of a fragmentary and brutal world. In my discussion of these writers, I will consider the implications of their representation of masculinity in a postcolonial context, and draw attention to the way in which the writers’ constructions of postcolonial masculinities which cross the borders of time, nation, gender and sexuality are deployed to represent the singularity of their own postcolonial experiences. [less ▲]

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