References of "2010"
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See detailFormación de compuestos raciales de maíz precoz (Zea mays L.) para comunidades altas de Cusco
Cosio, Pompeyo; Catalán, Wilfredo; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Primer Congreso Peruano de Mejoramiento Genético y Biotecnología Agricola (2010)

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See detailFunctionalization of carbon xerogels for the preparation of Pd/C catalysts by grafting of Pd complex
Diverchy, Chantal; Hermans, Sophie; Job, Nathalie ULg et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2010), 175

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See detailOvercoming problems with adherence to osteoporosis medication.
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research (2010), 10(6), 677-89

Nonadherence to pharmacological treatment in osteoporosis is a well-recognized problem. As in other chronic diseases, adherence to osteoporosis treatment is poor, resulting in enormous burden on patients ... [more ▼]

Nonadherence to pharmacological treatment in osteoporosis is a well-recognized problem. As in other chronic diseases, adherence to osteoporosis treatment is poor, resulting in enormous burden on patients and healthcare resources. Most importantly, low adherence rates consistently result in increased rates of fractures. However, it seems that efforts to evaluate and improve rates of both compliance and persistence are increasing. The extension of dosing intervals may be an element, among others, allowing improvements in therapeutic adherence. Improved patient education, enhancing healthcare provider-patients interaction, taking into account patient's preferences and involving them in treatment decisions may improve adherence. [less ▲]

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See detailThe IMA-CNMNC dominant-constituent rule revisited and extended
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Burke, Ernst

in Elements (2010), 6

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See detailDECONSTRUCTION ARCHITECTURALE; PORTRAIT D’UN MONDE TEXTOCENTRIQUE. Approche théorique et philosophique d'un new paradigm, 1988 – 2010
Bodart, Céline ULg

Master's dissertation (2010)

L'enjeu de ce mémoire était d'approcher, à travers la pensée de la déconstruction derridienne, l'interdisciplinarité établie entre architecture et philosophie comme l'origine d'un travail subversif ... [more ▼]

L'enjeu de ce mémoire était d'approcher, à travers la pensée de la déconstruction derridienne, l'interdisciplinarité établie entre architecture et philosophie comme l'origine d'un travail subversif aujourd'hui responsable de la crise sémantique traversée par l'art de la construction. Nous avons donc, à travers un parcours historique, reconstruit la genèse de ce phénomène à partir des théories écrites par ses architectes protagonistes et réévalué la filiation qu'on leur attribuait avec la philosophie de Jacques Derrida. Ensuite, nous avons étudié comment la pression médiatique s'est emparée de cette « pseudo-théorie », simplifiant et caricaturant l'ambition de son véritable discours. En définitive, ce mémoire, portrait d'une architecture devenue tour à tour hôte et victime de la subversion, a tenu l'hypothèse de l'existence en architecture d'un glissement référentiel semblable à celui de l'art vers le non-art. Nous avons tenté de démontrer que la déconstruction, se faisant expérience architecturale, a redessiné la carte des limites disciplinaires traditionnellement tenues par l'art de la construction. [less ▲]

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See detailNAVA enhances ventilatory variability and diaphragmaticactivity/tidal volume coupling
Moorhead, K.; Piquilloud, L.; Desaive, Thomas ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2010), 36(2), 326-326

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See detailCes nombres qu'on dit imaginaires sont-ils des nombres ?
Rosseel, Hilda; Schneider-Gilot, Marguerite ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2010)

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See detailMise en évidence d’un faciès céramique dans le nord-ouest de la Belgique romaine
Deru, Xavier ULg

in Rivet, Lucien (Ed.) Actes de la Société française d’étude de la céramique en Gaule, Chelles 2010 (2010)

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See detailNumerical simulation of two-dimensional and three-dimensional axisymmetric advection-diffusion systems with complex geometries using finite-volume methods
Ashbourn, J. M. A.; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Gerisch, A. et al

in Proceedings : Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences (2010), 466(2118), 1621-1643

A finite-volume method has been developed that can deal accurately with complicated, curved boundaries for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional axisymmetric advection-diffusion systems. The ... [more ▼]

A finite-volume method has been developed that can deal accurately with complicated, curved boundaries for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional axisymmetric advection-diffusion systems. The motivation behind this is threefold. Firstly, the ability to model the correct geometry of a situation yields more accurate results. Secondly, smooth geometries eliminate corner singularities in the calculation of, for example, mechanical variables and thirdly, different geometries can be tested for experimental applications. An example illustrating each of these is given: fluid carrying a dye and rotating in an annulus, bone fracture healing in mice, and using vessels of different geometry in an ultracentrifuge. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrotomographic investigation of a yeast grain porous structure
Debaste, Frédéric; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Halloin, Véronique et al

in Journal of Food Engineering (2010), 97

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See detailHistory effect of light and temperature on monoterpenoid emissions from Fagus sylvatica L.
Demarcke, M.; Schoon, N.; Van Langenhove, H. et al

in Atmospheric Environment (2010), 44(27), 3261-3268

Monoterpenoid emissions from Fagus sylvatica L trees have been measured at light- and temperature-controlled conditions in a growth chamber, using Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) and ... [more ▼]

Monoterpenoid emissions from Fagus sylvatica L trees have been measured at light- and temperature-controlled conditions in a growth chamber, using Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) and the dynamic branch enclosure technique. De novo synthesized monoterpenoid Standard Emission Factors, obtained by applying the G97 algorithm (Guenther, 1997), varied between 2 and 32 mu g g(-1)DW h(-1) and showed a strong decline in late August and September, probably due to senescence. The response of monoterpenoid emissions to temperature variations at a constant daily light pattern could be well reproduced with a modified version of the MEGAN algorithm (Guenther et al., 2006), with a typical dependence on the average temperature over the past five days. The diurnal emissions at constant temperature showed a typical hysteretic behaviour, which could also be adequately described with the modified MEGAN algorithm by taking into account a dependence on the average light levels experienced by the trees during the past 10-13 h. The impact of the past light and temperature conditions on the monoterpenoid emissions from E sylvatica L was found to be much stronger than assumed in previous algorithms. Since our experiments were conducted under low light intensity, future studies should aim at confirming and completing the proposed algorithm updates in sunny conditions and natural environments. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection and identification of hydrophilic selenium compounds in selenium-rich yeast by size exclusion-microbore normal-phase HPLC with the on-line ICP-MS and electrospray Q-TOF-MS detection
Far, Johann ULg; Preud'homme, Hugues; Lobinski, Ryszard

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2010), 657(2),

Normal-phase HPLC and hydrophilic interaction HPLC (HILIC) were investigated for the separation of selenometabolites in a water extract of Se-rich yeast prior to their detection by ICP-MS and ... [more ▼]

Normal-phase HPLC and hydrophilic interaction HPLC (HILIC) were investigated for the separation of selenometabolites in a water extract of Se-rich yeast prior to their detection by ICP-MS and identification by electrospray MS/MS. The targeted fraction was a low-abundant fraction co-eluting with salt and sulfur analogues in size-exclusion chromatography which has so far been inaccessible to Se speciation studies. The optimization of the separation conditions resulted in the highest separation efficiency when HILIC was used and elution was carried out isocratically with a low concentration ammonium acetate buffer (1 mM ammonium acetate/10mM acetic acid) in 80% acetonitrile. Out of 15 peaks observed with the Se-specific ICP-MS detection 12 was identified by electrospray Q-TOF MS/MS (2,3-dihydroxypropionyl (DHP)-Se-methylselenocysteine [M+H](+): 272, Se-methyl-gamma-glutamyl-selenocysteinylglycine dioxide [M+H](+): 402, gamma-glutanlyl-Se-methylselenocysteine[M+H](+): 313; isomers of gamma-glutamylselenocystathionine [M+H](+): 400; Se-methyl-selenoglutathione [M+H](+): 370, isomers of N-acetylselenocystathionine [M+H](+): 313, 2,3-DHP-selenohomolanthionine [M+H](+): 373, isomers of 2,3-DHP-seienocystathionine[M+H](+): 359,2,3-DHP-selenolanthionine [M+H](+): 345 and selenohomolanthionine [M+H](+): 285). (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCathodic electrografting of acrylics: From fundamentals to functional coatings
Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

in Progress in Polymer Science (2010), 35

Promoting permanent adhesion between so dissimilar materials as polymers and metals is a very challenging target and a severe brake to the implementation of many potential applications. However, synthetic ... [more ▼]

Promoting permanent adhesion between so dissimilar materials as polymers and metals is a very challenging target and a severe brake to the implementation of many potential applications. However, synthetic polymers can now be chemisorbed onto a variety of conducting surfaces by cathodic electrografting of acrylic monomers. The first part of this review will focus on the fundamental aspects of this emerging technology, thus from the historical discovery to experimental and theoretical developments, with the purpose to better comprehend the electrografting phenomenon. Once firmly established, this concept has been exploited in order to make polymeric coatings with specific functionality chemisorbed onto more diversified substrates in more convenient liquid media. This remarkable progress that largely relies on advanced controlled polymerization processes will be the topic of the second part of the review, with a special emphasis on the more recent development of smart coatings, particularly stimuli responsive coatings very well-suited to nanotechnologies. [less ▲]

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See detailMarker imputation with low-density marker panels in Dutch Holstein cattle.
Zhang, Zhiyan; Druet, Tom ULg

in Journal of Dairy Science (2010), 93(11), 5487-94

The availability of high-density bovine genotyping arrays made implementation of genomic selection possible in dairy cattle. Development of low-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panels will ... [more ▼]

The availability of high-density bovine genotyping arrays made implementation of genomic selection possible in dairy cattle. Development of low-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panels will allow the extension of genomic selection to a larger portion of the population. Prediction of ungenotyped markers, called imputation, is a strategy that allows using the same low-density chips for all traits (and for different breeds). In the present study, we evaluated the accuracy of imputation with low-density genotyping arrays in the Dutch Holstein population. Five different sizes of genotyping arrays were tested, from 384 to 6,000 SNP. According to marker density, the overall allelic imputation error rate obtained with the program DAGPHASE, which relies on linkage disequilibrium and linkage, ranged from 11.7 to 2.0%, and that obtained with the program CHROMIBD, which relies on linkage and the set of all genotyped ancestors, ranged from 10.7 to 3.3%. However, imputation efficiency was influenced by the relationship between low-density and high-density genotyped animals. Animals with both parents genotyped had particularly low imputation error rates: <1% with 1,500 SNP or more. In summary, missing marker alleles can be predicted with 3 to 4% errors with approximately 1 SNP/Mb (approximately 3,000 markers). The CHROMIBD program proved more efficient than DAGPHASE only at lower marker densities or when several genotyped ancestors were available. Future studies are required to measure the effect of these imputation error rates on accuracy of genomic selection with low-density SNP panels. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une approche moins invasive de la voie transoburatrice de dedans en dehors (TVT-O) pour le traitement de l’incontinence urinaire féminine: dissection réduite et bandelette plus courte
Waltregny, David ULg; Thomas, Alexandre ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg

in Andrologic (2010), 6

Plusieurs essais randomisés et méta-analyses récentes ont montré que la voie transobturatrice est, à moyen terme, aussi efficace et plus sécurisante que la voie rétropubienne pour la mise en place d’une ... [more ▼]

Plusieurs essais randomisés et méta-analyses récentes ont montré que la voie transobturatrice est, à moyen terme, aussi efficace et plus sécurisante que la voie rétropubienne pour la mise en place d’une bandelette sous-urétrale pour traiter l’incontinence urinaire d’effort (IUE) féminine. En effet, la voie transobturatrice est associée à des taux de guérison subjective de l’IUE similaires (±85-90%) mais à un risque moindre de de saignement, de perforation vésicale et de troubles mictionnels postopératoires. La voie transobturatrice de dedans en dehors (‘Tension-free Vaginal Tape - Obturator’, TVT-O) a été développée en 2003 par Jean de Leval dans le but de réduire le risque de perforation de la vessie et de l’urètre tout en minimisant la dissection chirurgicale nécessaire pour insérer la bandelette. A ce jour, plus de 50 études cliniques, incluant 18 essais randomisés et 3 registres nationaux réalisés en France, Autriche, et Norvège, ont largement démontré les excellents résultats à moyen terme (2 à 5 ans de suivi) de la technique TVT-O. Plus récemment, nous avons apporté deux modifications à la procédure TVT-O, à savoir l’utilisation d’une bandelette plus courte, de 12 cm de long, insérée sans perforer la membrane obturatrice par les ciseaux ou le guide. Nos travaux anatomiques sur cadavres ont montré que cette bandelette plus courte est ancrée dans les muscles obturateurs et la membrane obturatrice mais évite dans une large mesure les muscles adducteurs. D’un point de vue clinique, nous avons comparé l’approche TVT-O originale à la version modifiée, potentiellement moins invasive, au travers d’un essai clinique prospectif randomisé. Les résultats de cet essai, présentés au congrès conjoint de l’International Continence Society (ICS) et de l’International Urogynecology Association (IUGA) à Toronto, ont montré qu’après suivi minimal d’1 an, les 2 approches génèrent des taux de guérison de l’IUE élevés et des taux de complications postopératoires très faibles, similaires pour les 2 procédures, la procédure modifiée étant néanmoins associée à une incidence et à une sévérité de douleurs de cuisse postopératoires immédiates significativement moindres. [less ▲]

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See detailAppui à l'Assemblée provinciale de Maniema et Sud-Kivu
Kabamba, Bob ULg

Report (2010)

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See detailComics, Trauma, and Cultural Memory(ies) of 9/11
Dony, Christophe ULg; Van Linthout, Caroline ULg

in Goggin, Joyce; Hassler-Forest, Dan (Eds.) The Rise and Reason of Comics and Graphic Literature: Critical Essays on the Form (2010)

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See detailMutations in GRIN2A and GRIN2B encoding regulatory subunits of NMDA receptors cause variable neurodevelopmental phenotypes.
Endele, Sabine; Rosenberger, Georg; Geider, Kirsten et al

in Nature Genetics (2010), 42(11), 1021-6

N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian brain. Two glycine-binding NR1 subunits and two glutamate-binding NR2 subunits each form highly Ca(2 ... [more ▼]

N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian brain. Two glycine-binding NR1 subunits and two glutamate-binding NR2 subunits each form highly Ca(2)(+)-permeable cation channels which are blocked by extracellular Mg(2)(+) in a voltage-dependent manner. Either GRIN2B or GRIN2A, encoding the NMDA receptor subunits NR2B and NR2A, was found to be disrupted by chromosome translocation breakpoints in individuals with mental retardation and/or epilepsy. Sequencing of GRIN2B in 468 individuals with mental retardation revealed four de novo mutations: a frameshift, a missense and two splice-site mutations. In another cohort of 127 individuals with idiopathic epilepsy and/or mental retardation, we discovered a GRIN2A nonsense mutation in a three-generation family. In a girl with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy, we identified the de novo GRIN2A mutation c.1845C>A predicting the amino acid substitution p.N615K. Analysis of NR1-NR2A(N615K) (NR2A subunit with the p.N615K alteration) receptor currents revealed a loss of the Mg(2)(+) block and a decrease in Ca(2)(+) permeability. Our findings suggest that disturbances in the neuronal electrophysiological balance during development result in variable neurological phenotypes depending on which NR2 subunit of NMDA receptors is affected. [less ▲]

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