References of "2010"
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See detailDermatophytoses : actualités épidémiologiques et diagnostiques
Mignon, Bernard ULg

in Pratique Vet (2010), 45

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See detailContrasting response of European forest and grassland energy exchange to heatwaves
Teuling, A. J.; Seneviratne, S. I.; Stöckli, R. et al

in Nature Geoscience (2010), 3(10), 722-727

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See detailStructures et fonctionnements des marchés du carbone
Xhignesse, Guillaume ULg

Master's dissertation (2010)

This study is interested in the theoretical and actual functioning of the emissions trading systems resulting from the coming into force of the Kyoto protocol in 2005 and the implementation of the ... [more ▼]

This study is interested in the theoretical and actual functioning of the emissions trading systems resulting from the coming into force of the Kyoto protocol in 2005 and the implementation of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) in 2002. The first part of the work is devoted to a literature-based analysis of the Kyoto flexible mechanisms: Emissions Trading (ET), Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI). These mechanisms allow the protocol's parties to achieve their objectives at the lowest cost, using a "cap and trade" strategy. Concerning ET, the issues of the surplus of emissions rights (called "hot air") and the effects of the economic crisis are tackled. An analysis of the spatial and sectoral distribution of CDM and JI is also conducted. The second part concerns the EU ETS, the coordinated emissions trading system of the European Union. With this system, companies with a high level of emissions established in at least one of the member countries directly support a part of the global constraint resulting from the involvement of the EU in the Kyoto protocol. The system also use a "cap and trade" strategy and has been progressively spatially and sectorally extended. As for Kyoto flexible mechanisms, an analysis of the structure and the functioning of this market is done on the basis of the literature. In addition, the implementation of this system within the firms is described through actual business cases and is compared with theoretical observations. In particular, we focus on emissions monitoring and portfolio optimization. In the third part of the work, we conduct and in-depth qualitative analysis of the impact of EU ETS on the competititveness of firms subject to the constraint in Belgium. Interviews has been done with heads of four companies selected for their differences in terms of size, emissions level, sector and environmental policy. The answers collected are systematically compared with the multinational survey of the independent specialized consultant PointCarbon (2010). Results show that opinions about the impact on the competitiveness are strongly influenced by sector and size of the firms. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctionalization of carbon xerogels for the preparation of Pd/C catalysts by grafting of Pd complex
Diverchy, Chantal; Hermans, Sophie; Job, Nathalie ULg et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2010), 175

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See detailSelected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Rath, Jan

Book published by Amsterdam University Press - IMISCOE Textbooks (2010)

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See detailNon-isothermal infiltration in plastic bentonite
François, Bertrand ULg; Laloui, Lyesse

in Alonso, Edouardo; Gens, Antonio (Eds.) Unsaturated Soils (2010)

In deep geological repository involving a multi-barrier system, the engineered materials, generally made of bentonite, constitute an important mechanical, thermal and hydraulic barrier to prevent the ... [more ▼]

In deep geological repository involving a multi-barrier system, the engineered materials, generally made of bentonite, constitute an important mechanical, thermal and hydraulic barrier to prevent the interaction between wastes and biosphere. To better understand the THM (thermo-hydro-mechanical) processes in the clayey confining system, experimental tests must be simulated by the means of advance numerical tools. A unified thermo-mechanical constitutive model for unsaturated soils, ACMEG-TS, has been developed and implemented in the finite element code LAGAMINE. Material is considered as tri-phase non-isothermal thermo-plastic medium. The results of numerical simulations of non-isothermal infiltration tests through FEBEX bentonite are compared with the available sensors measurements and interpreted in the light of elasto-thermo-plasticity of unsaturated soils. Through those simulations, the advancements in the understanding of the involved processes brought by the ACMEG-TS model are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPalatoschisis in the dog: developmental mechanisms and etiology
Van Den Berghe, Femke ULg; Cornillie, Pieter; Stegen, Ludo et al

in Vlaams Diergeneeskunde Tijdschift = Flemish Veterinary Journal (2010)

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See detailLe Comité France-Amérique et l’Alliance française à Montréal
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

in Luneau, Marie-Pier; Mellot, Jean-Dominique; Montreuil, Sophie (Eds.) et al Passeurs d'histoire(s). Figures des relations France-Québec en histoire du livre (2010)

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See detailThe IMA-CNMNC dominant-constituent rule revisited and extended
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Burke, Ernst

in Elements (2010), 6

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See detailLa fonction guidage en micromécanique
Merken, Patrick; Debongnie, Jean-François ULg

Book published by DEBONGNIE (JEAN-FRANCOIS) (2010)

1) Modelling the stiffness of a circular notch hinge subjected to flexure, torsion or shear : asymptotic values for a vanishing thickness and correction factors for the general case. 2) Flexible membrane ... [more ▼]

1) Modelling the stiffness of a circular notch hinge subjected to flexure, torsion or shear : asymptotic values for a vanishing thickness and correction factors for the general case. 2) Flexible membrane : stiffness for vanishing radius ratio and correction factor for the general case. 3) Conclusion. 4) Appendices, including a summary of useful formulae. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticenter Study of 19 Aortopulmonary Window parathyroid Tumors : The callenge of Embryologic origin
Arnault, Vincent; Beaulieu, Anthony; Lifante, Jean-Christophe et al

in World Journal of Surgery (2010), 34

Background Ectopic abnormal parathyroid glands are relatively common in the superior mediastinum but are rarely situated in the aortopulmonary window (APW). The embryological origin of these abnormal ... [more ▼]

Background Ectopic abnormal parathyroid glands are relatively common in the superior mediastinum but are rarely situated in the aortopulmonary window (APW). The embryological origin of these abnormal parathyroid glands is controversial. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate the embryological origin and the surgical management of abnormal parathyroid glands situated in the APW. Methods The databases of patients operated on for primary, secondary, and tertiary hyperparathyroidism at eight European medical centers with a special interest in endocrine surgery were reviewed to identify those with APW adenomas. Demographic features, localization procedures, and perioperative and pathology findings were documented. The embryological origin was determined based on the number and position of identified parathyroid glands. Results Nineteen (0.24%) APW parathyroid tumors were identified in 7,869 patients who underwent an operation for hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and 181 patients (2.3%) with mediastinal abnormal parathyroid glands. Ten patients had primary, eight had secondary, and one had tertiary HPT. Sixteen patients had undergone previous unsuccessful cervical exploration. In three patients, an APW adenoma was suspected by preoperative localization studies and was cured at the initial operation. Sixteen patients had persistent HPTof whom 15 were reoperated, resulting in 6 failures. Evaluation of 17 patients who had bilateral neck exploration allowed us to determine the most probable origin of the APW parathyroid tumors: 12 were supernumerary, 4 appeared to originate from a superior, and 1 from an inferior gland. Conclusions Abnormal parathyroid glands situated in the APW are rare and usually identified after an unsuccessful cervical exploration. Preoperative imaging of the mediastinum and neck are essential. The origin of these ectopically situated tumors is probably, as suggested by our data, from a supernumerary fifth parathyroid gland or from abnormal migration of a superior parathyroid gland during the embryologic development. [less ▲]

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See detailVaccinations in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.
Rahier, Jean-Francois; Moutschen, Michel ULg; Van Gompel, Alfons et al

in Rheumatology (2010), 49(10), 1815-27

Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as RA, IBD or psoriasis, are at increased risk of infection, partially because of the disease itself, but mostly because of treatment with ... [more ▼]

Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) such as RA, IBD or psoriasis, are at increased risk of infection, partially because of the disease itself, but mostly because of treatment with immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive drugs. In spite of their elevated risk for vaccine-preventable disease, vaccination coverage in IMID patients is surprisingly low. This review summarizes current literature data on vaccine safety and efficacy in IMID patients treated with immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory drugs and formulates best-practice recommendations on vaccination in this population. Especially in the current era of biological therapies, including TNF-blocking agents, special consideration should be given to vaccination strategies in IMID patients. Clinical evidence indicates that immunization of IMID patients does not increase clinical or laboratory parameters of disease activity. Live vaccines are contraindicated in immunocompromized individuals, but non-live vaccines can safely be given. Although the reduced quality of the immune response in patients under immunotherapy may have a negative impact on vaccination efficacy in this population, adequate humoral response to vaccination in IMID patients has been demonstrated for hepatitis B, influenza and pneumococcal vaccination. Vaccination status is best checked and updated before the start of immunomodulatory therapy: live vaccines are not contraindicated at that time and inactivated vaccines elicit an optimal immune response in immunocompetent individuals. [less ▲]

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See detailLiquid hold-up measurement in Mellapak Plus 752Y packed bed using X-ray tomography
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Viva, Aurora ULg; Brunazzi, Elisabetta et al

in VCIPT (Ed.) Proceedings of 6th World Congress On Industrial Process Tomography (WCIPT6), Beijing, China, 6-9 Septembre 2010 (2010)

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See detailNumerical simulation of two-dimensional and three-dimensional axisymmetric advection-diffusion systems with complex geometries using finite-volume methods
Ashbourn, J. M. A.; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Gerisch, A. et al

in Proceedings : Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences (2010), 466(2118), 1621-1643

A finite-volume method has been developed that can deal accurately with complicated, curved boundaries for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional axisymmetric advection-diffusion systems. The ... [more ▼]

A finite-volume method has been developed that can deal accurately with complicated, curved boundaries for both two-dimensional and three-dimensional axisymmetric advection-diffusion systems. The motivation behind this is threefold. Firstly, the ability to model the correct geometry of a situation yields more accurate results. Secondly, smooth geometries eliminate corner singularities in the calculation of, for example, mechanical variables and thirdly, different geometries can be tested for experimental applications. An example illustrating each of these is given: fluid carrying a dye and rotating in an annulus, bone fracture healing in mice, and using vessels of different geometry in an ultracentrifuge. [less ▲]

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See detailConsolidation institutionnelle et démocratisation en RDC
Kabamba, Bob ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2010)

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See detailThe commonality of neural networks for verbal and visual short-term memory.
Majerus, Steve ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Martinez Perez, Trecy ULg et al

in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (2010), 22(11), 2570-2593

Although many neuroimaging studies have considered verbal and visual short-term memory (STM) as relying on neurally segregated short-term buffer systems, the present study explored the existence of shared ... [more ▼]

Although many neuroimaging studies have considered verbal and visual short-term memory (STM) as relying on neurally segregated short-term buffer systems, the present study explored the existence of shared neural correlates supporting verbal and visual STM. We hypothesized that networks involved in attentional and executive processes, as well as networks involved in serial order processing, underlie STM for both verbal and visual list information, with neural specificity restricted to sensory areas involved in processing the specific items to be retained. Participants were presented sequences of nonwords or unfamiliar faces, and were instructed to maintain and recognize order or item information. For encoding and retrieval phases, null conjunction analysis revealed an identical fronto-parieto-cerebellar network comprising the left intraparietal sulcus, bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and the bilateral cerebellum, irrespective of information type and modality. A network centered around the right intraparietal sulcus supported STM for order information, in both verbal and visual modalities. Modality-specific effects were observed in left superior temporal and mid-fusiform areas associated with phonological and orthographic processing during the verbal STM tasks, and in right hippocampal and fusiform face processing areas during the visual STM tasks, wherein these modality effects were most pronounced when storing item information. The present results suggest that STM emerges from the deployment of modality-independent attentional and serial ordering processes toward sensory networks underlying the processing and storage of modality-specific item information. [less ▲]

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