References of "2010"
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See detailWhy Protocolised care works in my unit?
Shaw, GM; Chase, JG; Pfeiffer, L et al

in Proceedings of the Australia-New Zealand Intensive Care Society Scientific Meeting (ANZICS 2010) (2010)

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See detailDeveloping Countries facing Global Warming: a Post-Kyoto Assessment.
De Dapper, Morgan; Swinne, Danielle; Ozer, Pierre ULg

Book published by United Nations / KAOW-ARSOM (2010)

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See detailPalatoschisis in the dog: developmental mechanisms and etiology
Van Den Berghe, Femke ULg; Cornillie, Pieter; Stegen, Ludo et al

in Vlaams Diergeneeskunde Tijdschift = Flemish Veterinary Journal (2010)

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See detailCinéma//Vidéo//Art contemporain: les territoires du passeur
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in Klein, Anabelle; Thixon, Axel (Eds.) La communication audio-visuelle : entre réalité et fiction (2010)

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See detailBiomolecules in multilayer film for antimicrobial and easy-cleaning stainless steel surface applications
Vreuls, Christelle ULg; Zocchi, Germaine ULg; Garitte, Geoffrey ULg et al

in Biofouling (2010), 26(6), 645-656

Microorganisms are able to attach to, grow on, and ultimately form biofilms on a large variety of surfaces, such as industrial equipment, food contact surfaces, medical implants, prostheses and operating ... [more ▼]

Microorganisms are able to attach to, grow on, and ultimately form biofilms on a large variety of surfaces, such as industrial equipment, food contact surfaces, medical implants, prostheses and operating rooms. Once organized into biofilms, bacteria are difficult to remove and kill, which increases the risk of cross-contamination and infection. One way to address the problem may thus be to develop antibacterial, anti-adhesion, ‘easy cleaning’ surfaces. In this study, stainless steel (SS) surfaces with antibacterial properties were created by embedding several antimicrobial peptides in a multilayer film architecture. The biocidal effect of these surfaces was demonstrated against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria according to two ISO tests. Also, coating SS surfaces with either mucin or heparin led to a reduction of <i>S. epidermidis</i> adhesion of almost 95% <i>vs</i> the bare substratum. Finally, by combining both antibacterial and anti-adhesion biomolecules in the same multilayer film, SS surfaces with better cleanability were produced. This surface coating property may help to delay the buildup of a dead bacterial layer which is known to progressively reduce exposure of the coating, leading to an undesirable decrease in the antibacterial effect of the surface. [less ▲]

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See detailL’extraction des huiles essentielles par micro-ondes : Quels avantages ?
Ramdani, M.; Benchat, N.; Amhamdi, H. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailCarbonate chemistry in the coastal zone responds more strongly to eutrophication than to ocean acidification
Borges, Alberto ULg; Gypens, N.

in Limnology & Oceanography (2010), 55(1), 346-353

The accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean has altered carbonate chemistry in surface waters since preindustrial times and is expected to continue to do so in the coming centuries. Changes in ... [more ▼]

The accumulation of anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean has altered carbonate chemistry in surface waters since preindustrial times and is expected to continue to do so in the coming centuries. Changes in carbonate chemistry can modify the rates and fates of marine primary production and calcification. These modifications can in turn lead to feedback on increasing atmospheric CO2. We show, using a numerical model, that in highly productive nearshore coastal marine environments, the effect of eutrophication on carbon cycling can counter the effect of ocean acidification on the carbonate chemistry of surface waters. Also, changes in river nutrient delivery due to management regulation policies can lead to stronger changes in carbonate chemistry than ocean acidification. Whether antagonistic or synergistic, the response of carbonate chemistry to changes of nutrient delivery to the coastal zone (increase or decrease, respectively) is stronger than ocean acidification. [less ▲]

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See detailInfection models for dermatophytes research
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailFertilité des sols, agriculture durable de conservation pour préserver la planète
Mergeai, Guy ULg; Aloni Komanda, Jules

in La voix du Congo profond, le magazine d'un congo rural en marche (2010)

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See detailPétitions et rapports médicaux
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2010)

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See detailA randomized, open-label, multicenter study evaluating the efficacy of peginterferon alfa-2a versus interferon alfa-2a, in combination with ribavirin, in naïve and relapsed chronic hepatitis C patients.
Nevens, F.; Van Vlierberghe, H.; D'Heygere, F. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2010), 73

Background/Aims : A large multicenter trial to compare the efficacy of peginterferon alfa-2a with interferon alfa-2a, in combination with ribavirin, in chronic hepatitis C patients. Efficacy data for ... [more ▼]

Background/Aims : A large multicenter trial to compare the efficacy of peginterferon alfa-2a with interferon alfa-2a, in combination with ribavirin, in chronic hepatitis C patients. Efficacy data for prior relapsers are reported because treatment recommendations for this patient population are not well defined. Patients and methods : This study was a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial. The primary efficacy endpoint was sustained virologic response in naïve patients (n = 348) and relapsers (n = 95). Results : Sustained virologic response rates were similar in naïve patients and relapsers, both for non-pegylated and pegylated interferon (respectively 27 and 26% and 54 and 43%). Pegylated interferon given for 48 weeks did not improved the relapse rate : 15.9 and 27.3% for non-pegylated and 16.7 and 30.4% for pegylated interferon, naïve vs relapsers respectively. Stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between slow response (detectable HCV RNA at week 12 and undetectable at week 24) and relapse in patients with an end-of-treatment response (55% versus 13% respectively ; p = 0.02 ; odds ratio = 6.07). Conclusions : This trial confirms the value of using peginter - feron alfa-2a in both naïve and relapsed patients and provides support for a more tailored approach to treatment for relapsers and particulary for patients with a slow viral response. (Acta gastro enterol. belg., 2010, 73, 223-228). [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of lead-210 measurement in peat using polonium extraction. A procedural comparison
De Vleeschouwer, François; Sikorski, Jarek; Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in Geochronometria (2010)

Two chemical treatments for lead-210 measurement were compared on the sub-surface samples of a core from an ombrotrophic bog from East Belgium. The classical procedure involves a concentrated acid ... [more ▼]

Two chemical treatments for lead-210 measurement were compared on the sub-surface samples of a core from an ombrotrophic bog from East Belgium. The classical procedure involves a concentrated acid extraction of polonium. However, this treatment represents substantial health risks together with unknowns regarding both the degree of cleanliness and the Po extraction rate, and most importantly, is rather time consuming. We developed here an improved procedure involving an ashing step prior to acid extraction. This allows substantial improvements such as: 1/ the use of a relatively small amount of acid compared to the classical procedure and 2/ the substantial reduction of a total sample digestion time. Measurements of 210Pb concentrations were conducted by alpha spectrometry. Results show a good agreement of unsupported 210Pb activity obtained for both procedures, although some unknowns remain concerning the adsorption of 210Po on the plastic test tube, the volatilization of a small amount of ash, or the absorption of alpha particle at the alpha source surface. This however should not affect the 210Pb measurement as all the samples are spiked prior to ashing (i.e. the recoveries are fully monitored). Through this study, we are suggesting researchers to follow this new procedure in order to increase safety, cleanliness, better recovery and substantial time gain. [less ▲]

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See detailUn soir d’avril du côté d’Orval
Metzmacher, Maxime ULg

Learning material (2010)

Concert de chants d'oiseaux enregistré à Orval (Belgique)

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See detailLa critique néokantienne de Kant et l'instauration d'une théorie descriptiviste de la perception
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Dialogue : Canadian Philosophical Review = Dialogue : Revue Canadienne de Philosophie (2010), 49(3), 413-433

This paper contributes to explore the historical background of contemporary conceptualism. It suggests that a step forward toward a more promising understanding of this historical background can be made ... [more ▼]

This paper contributes to explore the historical background of contemporary conceptualism. It suggests that a step forward toward a more promising understanding of this historical background can be made if we focus, not on the much-discussed, controversial position of Kant, but rather on the straightforward position of some main representatives of classical neo-Kantianism. My main hypothesis is that criticisms of Kant’s transcendantal aesthetics coming from Paul Natorp (1854–1924) and Bruno Bauch (1877–1942) may be regarded as a significant historical source for the so-called “content” conceptualism (especially in McDowell’s version), insofar as they imply that the contents of perception are conceptual contents. [less ▲]

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See detailTerminologies, informatique et soins primaires. Belgique 1980-2010
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Report (2010)

La mise en place de systèmes d’information de santé, cohérents et évolutifs, nécessite l’adoption de terminologies de référence dans le domaine de la santé. Nous examinons ici les différentes approches ... [more ▼]

La mise en place de systèmes d’information de santé, cohérents et évolutifs, nécessite l’adoption de terminologies de référence dans le domaine de la santé. Nous examinons ici les différentes approches terminologiques disponibles dans les logiciels belges, l’effort d’une terminologie centralisée connue sous le nom de 3BT, la tendance internationale autour d’un produit anglo-saxon dénommé SNOMED-CT et nous indiquons la voie qui nous parait la plus adéquate pour le développement d’une informatique médicale plus fluide dans les années à venir, condition indispensable pour l’analyse ultérieure de données de morbidité. [less ▲]

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See detailDigestibility and Metabolic Utilization and Nutritional Value of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Leaves Meal Incorporated in the Diets of Indigenous Senegal Chickens
Ayssiwede, Simplice Bosco; Dieng, Abdoulaye; Chrysostome, Christophe et al

in International Journal of Poultry Sciences (2010), 9(8), 767-776

In the prospect of the Leuceana leucocephala leaves meal using as a protein ingredient source for indigenous Senegal chickens diets, a study was carried out to determine their nutrient utilization and ... [more ▼]

In the prospect of the Leuceana leucocephala leaves meal using as a protein ingredient source for indigenous Senegal chickens diets, a study was carried out to determine their nutrient utilization and nutritional value when incorporated at various levels in the diets. Twenty adult indigenous chickens with an average body weight of 1.22 kg were conducted in metabolic cages and allocated in four groups of five birds each. The groups were corresponded to four dietary treatments (LL0, LL7, LL14 and LL21) containing respectively 0, 7, 14 and 21% of Leuceana leaves meal. During the trial, birds were weighed at the beginning and at the end. Feed offered and refused, collected fresh excreta were weighed daily and the droppings were oven-dried at 60oC and ground per bird for six days. The ingredients and experimental diets used and collected excreta were subjected to chemical analyses. Results showed that the Leuceana leaves were relatively rich in protein (24.9% DM), ether extract (6.4% DM), crude fiber (14.2% DM) and Neutral detergent fiber (22.4% DM). It contained respectively 43.1% and 11.4% DM of nitrogen free extract and ash, particularly calcium (1.8%) and potassium (1.1% DM) and 2573.8 kcal/kg DM of metabolizable energy. The results of the trial showed that the inclusion of L. leucocephala leaves meal in the diet at 21% level, has no significant adverse effect on feed intake, average daily weight gain, feed conversion ratio and nutrients utilization (except ether extract) of adult indigenous Senegal chickens. It has significantly (p<0.05) improved the crude protein and metabolizable energy utilization in birds fed the 7% level inclusion diet (LL7). [less ▲]

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