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See detailChemical Composition, Cytotoxic and Antioxydant Activity of The Essential Oil of Lavandula dentata
Imelouane, B.; El Bachiri, A.; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in World Journal of Chemistry (2010), 5(2), 103-110

The composiiton of the essential oil from aerial part and flowers of lavandula dentate, collected in eastern Morocco (Taforalt, Talazart), were analysed by GC/FID and GC-MS.

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See detailMarker imputation with low-density marker panels in Dutch Holstein cattle.
Zhang, Zhiyan; Druet, Tom ULg

in Journal of Dairy Science (2010), 93(11), 5487-94

The availability of high-density bovine genotyping arrays made implementation of genomic selection possible in dairy cattle. Development of low-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panels will ... [more ▼]

The availability of high-density bovine genotyping arrays made implementation of genomic selection possible in dairy cattle. Development of low-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panels will allow the extension of genomic selection to a larger portion of the population. Prediction of ungenotyped markers, called imputation, is a strategy that allows using the same low-density chips for all traits (and for different breeds). In the present study, we evaluated the accuracy of imputation with low-density genotyping arrays in the Dutch Holstein population. Five different sizes of genotyping arrays were tested, from 384 to 6,000 SNP. According to marker density, the overall allelic imputation error rate obtained with the program DAGPHASE, which relies on linkage disequilibrium and linkage, ranged from 11.7 to 2.0%, and that obtained with the program CHROMIBD, which relies on linkage and the set of all genotyped ancestors, ranged from 10.7 to 3.3%. However, imputation efficiency was influenced by the relationship between low-density and high-density genotyped animals. Animals with both parents genotyped had particularly low imputation error rates: <1% with 1,500 SNP or more. In summary, missing marker alleles can be predicted with 3 to 4% errors with approximately 1 SNP/Mb (approximately 3,000 markers). The CHROMIBD program proved more efficient than DAGPHASE only at lower marker densities or when several genotyped ancestors were available. Future studies are required to measure the effect of these imputation error rates on accuracy of genomic selection with low-density SNP panels. [less ▲]

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See detailDe rol van de aardrijkskunde in de koloniale wetenschappen.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Bulletin des Séances de l’Académie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer = Mededelingen der Zittingen van de Koninklijke Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen (2010), 56(2), 105-120

In this lecture various aspects of geography as an “imperial science” in the 19th century are discussed, especially with regard to the Belgian colonial history of that period. We follow geography’s ... [more ▼]

In this lecture various aspects of geography as an “imperial science” in the 19th century are discussed, especially with regard to the Belgian colonial history of that period. We follow geography’s development from von Humboldt’s time, when the exploration of the world still had to lead towards a better comprehension of all physical phenomena in “Cosmos”, up to the first decades of Belgian presence in Congo, when geography was on the forefront of a highly utilitarian and materialistic exploration. This transition can be seen in all sorts of institutions. While science academies in the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century still gave instructions to travelers in order to systematize exploration as an instrument of science, specialized geographical societies in the second half of the 19th century developed a discourse of economic expansionism that expressed itself in exploratory missions with a political and economical agenda. The Belgian geographical movement was a world where colonial ideas could grow, and where the geographical societies of Antwerp and Brussels became propaganda instruments in the service of King Leopold’s African enterprise. Although geography marched ahead in the process of knowledge transfer, the encounter with reality on the field ended in a confrontation with geography’s limitations. Other scientific disciplines such as medicine, botany and geology got more and more involved in the colonial enterprise. [less ▲]

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See detailA new type of cubic-stacked layer structure in anthoinite, AlWO3(OH3)
Grey, I.; Madsen, I.; Mills et al

in American Mineralogist (2010), 95

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See detailL'etude clinique du mois. ACCORD-LIPID et ACCORD-EYE: vers un nouveau positionnement du fenofibrate chez le patient diabetique de type 2.
Scheen, André ULg; Van Gaal, L. F.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(9), 533-9

Fenofibrate has been evaluated in the ACCORD trial, in combination with a statin, to prevent vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes. In ACCORD-Lipid, the addition of fenofibrate was not ... [more ▼]

Fenofibrate has been evaluated in the ACCORD trial, in combination with a statin, to prevent vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes. In ACCORD-Lipid, the addition of fenofibrate was not able to significantly reduce the incidence of a composite cardiovascular endpoint (no positive effect was also observed with the intensification of blood glucose or blood pressure control in this population). However, an interaction effect was observed according to basal lipid profile, suggesting a better protection by fenofibrate in patients with hypertriglyceridaemia and low HDL cholesterol (so-called atherogenic dyslipidaemia). In ACCORD-Eye, the addition of fenofibrate to a basal statin therapy resulted in a significant reduction of the progression of diabetic retinopathy, in a similar manner as that observed with intensifying blood glucose control (but with a good safety profile and without increasing the risk of hypoglycaemia). These observations, confirming earlier results from FIELD also with this fibrate, open new perspectives for a useful prescription of fenofibrate in patients with type 2 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation de la végétation et de la biodiversité ligneuse de la réserve de biosphère de la Boucle du Baoulé au Mali.
Diallo, H; Faye, E H; Lejoly, J et al

in Bois et Forêts des Tropiques (2010), 303(1), 25-39

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See detailCompte rendu de M.-F. Baslez, Les persécutions dans l'Antiquité. Victimes, héros, martyrs, Paris, 2007.
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULg

in Kernos : Revue Internationale et Pluridisciplinaire de Religion Grecque (2010), 23

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See detailTowards calibration and characterization of high-energy beams using charged particle retrodiffusion on a double thin carbon foil system
Chene, Grégoire ULg; Mathis, François ULg; Dupuis, Thomas ULg et al

in Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (2010), 268(11-12), 2015-2018

The cyclotron of the IPNAS-CEA laboratory of the University of Liege (Belgium) has built a new high-energy, high-resolution beam line based on the use of a pair of 900 bending magnets showing a energy ... [more ▼]

The cyclotron of the IPNAS-CEA laboratory of the University of Liege (Belgium) has built a new high-energy, high-resolution beam line based on the use of a pair of 900 bending magnets showing a energy resolution of Delta E = 1.9 +/- 0.4 keV comparable to that of electrostatic IBA installations. In the 6-20 MeV energy range the contribution of non-Rutherford events to scattering spectra became important and are not very well known. In order to improve our knowledge in that field, a new vacuum chamber especially dedicated to differential cross-section measurements has been constructed. First results obtained with the new set-up are presented. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement d'un modèle tertiaire pour la prédiction de la croissance de Listeria monocytogenes et Salmonella spp. dans la viande hachée de porc
Delhalle, Laurent ULg; Adolphe, Ysabelle ULg; Jasick, Adeline ULg et al

in Viandes et Produits Carnés (2010), Hors-série

Tertiary models are proposed in order to predict the growth of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. in pork minced meat packaged under stretch film. The models have been calculated from challenge ... [more ▼]

Tertiary models are proposed in order to predict the growth of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. in pork minced meat packaged under stretch film. The models have been calculated from challenge-tests at 8°C (L. monocytogenes) and 12°C (Salmonella), the meat being artificially contaminated at 2 log cfu pathogen/g. In a second step, they have been validated at 5, 8 and 10°C for L. monocytogenes (r² : 0.94, 0.98 and 0.95) and 8, 10 and 12°C for Salmonella (r³ : 0.80, 0.92 and 0.98). [less ▲]

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See detailUne réforme pour un meilleur fonctionnement et une plus grande transparence
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale; Durant, Isabelle; Mostin, Corinne (Eds.) La copropriété par appartements : la réforme de 2010 (2010)

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See detailClinical characteristics and therapeutic responses in patients with Germ-line AIP mutations and pituitary adenomas : An international collaborative study
Daly, Adrian ULg; Tichomirowa, Maria A.; Petrossians, Patrick ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2010), 95(11),

Context: AIP mutations (AIPmut) give rise to a pituitary adenoma predisposition that occurs in familial isolated pituitary adenomas and less often in sporadic cases. The clinical and therapeutic features ... [more ▼]

Context: AIP mutations (AIPmut) give rise to a pituitary adenoma predisposition that occurs in familial isolated pituitary adenomas and less often in sporadic cases. The clinical and therapeutic features of AIPmut-associated pituitary adenomas have not been studied comprehensively. <br />Objective: The objective of the study was to assess clinical/therapeutic characteristics of AIPmut pituitary adenomas. <br />Design: This study was an international, multicenter, retrospective case collection/database analysis. <br />Setting: The study was conducted at 36 tertiary referral endocrine and clinical genetics departments. <br />Patients: Patients included 96 patients with germline AIPmut and pituitary adenomas and 232 matched AIPmut-negative acromegaly controls. <br />Results: The AIPmut population was predominantly young and male (63.5%); first symptoms occurred as children/adolescents in 50%. At diagnosis, most tumors were macroadenomas (93.3%); extension and invasion was common. Somatotropinomas comprised 78.1% of the cohort; there were also prolactinomas (n = 13), nonsecreting adenomas (n = 7), and a TSH-secreting adenoma. AIPmut somatotropinomas were larger (P = 0.00026), with higher GH levels (P = 0.00068), more frequent extension (P = 0.018) and prolactin cosecretion (P = 0.00023), and occurred 2 decades before controls (P < 0.000001). Gigantism was more common in the AIPmut group (P < 0.000001). AIPmut somatotropinoma patients underwent more surgical interventions (P = 0.00069) and had lower decreases in GH (P = 0.00037) and IGF-I (P = 0.028) and less tumor shrinkage with somatostatin analogs (P < 0.00001) vs. controls. AIPmut prolactinomas occurred generally in young males and frequently required surgery or radiotherapy. <br />Conclusions: AIPmut pituitary adenomas have clinical features that may negatively impact treatment efficacy. Predisposition for aggressive disease in young patients, often in a familial setting, suggests that earlier diagnosis of AIPmut pituitary adenomas may have clinical utility. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de G. Martin, Divine Talk. Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes. Oxford, 2009.
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULg

in Kernos : Revue Internationale et Pluridisciplinaire de Religion Grecque (2010)

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See detailComplex subordinators derived from noun complement clauses
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Davidse, Kristin

in Acta Linguistica Hafniensia : International Journal of Linguistics (2010), 42(2), 101-116

In this article, we investigate the development of complex subordinators from noun complement clauses in English, basing ourselves on the analysis of synchronic data from the COBUILD corpus. We first ... [more ▼]

In this article, we investigate the development of complex subordinators from noun complement clauses in English, basing ourselves on the analysis of synchronic data from the COBUILD corpus. We first present a breadth study of complex subordinators originating in “in þ NP þ that/of-clause”- syntagms and show how these align themselves with oppositions within the causal, temporal and comparative subordinator paradigms. We then offer an in-depth study of the cluster of strings “in (the) hope(s) that/of”, arguing that the subordinators they yield enter as marked members into the subparadigm of purposive conjunctions, which they semantically enrich through lexical and structural persistence. [less ▲]

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See detailLe biomimétismeau service du développement durable
Jaminon, Martine ULg; Theyskens, Benoît; Vercheval, Catherine et al

Learning material (2010)

Plaquette de l'expositon " Biomimétisme au service du développement durable" : 16 thèmes

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See detailIMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC), Newsletter 5
Williams, Pete; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Pasero, Marco et al

in Mineralogical Magazine (2010), 74(5), 899-902

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See detailOvercoming problems with adherence to osteoporosis medication.
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research (2010), 10(6), 677-89

Nonadherence to pharmacological treatment in osteoporosis is a well-recognized problem. As in other chronic diseases, adherence to osteoporosis treatment is poor, resulting in enormous burden on patients ... [more ▼]

Nonadherence to pharmacological treatment in osteoporosis is a well-recognized problem. As in other chronic diseases, adherence to osteoporosis treatment is poor, resulting in enormous burden on patients and healthcare resources. Most importantly, low adherence rates consistently result in increased rates of fractures. However, it seems that efforts to evaluate and improve rates of both compliance and persistence are increasing. The extension of dosing intervals may be an element, among others, allowing improvements in therapeutic adherence. Improved patient education, enhancing healthcare provider-patients interaction, taking into account patient's preferences and involving them in treatment decisions may improve adherence. [less ▲]

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See detailD’une perte de vitesse de la fonction des rituels familiaux et ses conséquences dans l’irreprésentabilité du divorce : crise identitaire familiale et thérapie palliative.
Bullens, Quentin ULg

in Thérapie Familiale (2010), 31(2), 151-166

Among the numerous changes which the notion of family has known over time, we are interested here in the normalization/acceptability of the divorce (or separation). We postulate that, in a context where ... [more ▼]

Among the numerous changes which the notion of family has known over time, we are interested here in the normalization/acceptability of the divorce (or separation). We postulate that, in a context where these modifications are less and less ritualized and thus, less and less representable, the family (whose achronic character we shall differentiate from the diachronic) has no access to a social representability/acceptability of its separations. According to us, the family suffers then from an identity crisis of which the child, sometimes on top of his individual sufferings, can be the symptom. Then it remains for the therapists to make up for this lack of representability of separations, while remaining lucid about the limits of their interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailA statistical validation for the cycles found in air temperature data using a Morlet wavelet-based method
Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Mabille, Georges ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg et al

in Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (2010), 17

Recently, new cycles, associated with periods of 30 and 43 months, respectively, have been observed by the authors in surface air temperature time series, using a wavelet-based methodology. Although many ... [more ▼]

Recently, new cycles, associated with periods of 30 and 43 months, respectively, have been observed by the authors in surface air temperature time series, using a wavelet-based methodology. Although many evidences attest the validity of this method applied to climatic data, no systematic study of its efficiency has been carried out. Here, we estimate confidence levels for this approach and show that the observed cycles are significant. Taking these cycles into consideration should prove helpful in increasing the accuracy of the climate model projections of climate change and weather forecast. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectrométrie de masse MALDI-TOF en bactériologie clinique ou comment identifier une bactérie en une minute
MEEX, Cécile ULg

in Spectrométrie de masse MALDI-TOF en bactériologie clinique ou comment identifier une bactérie en une minute (2010)

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