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See detailPincer nails associated with pamidronate
FAILLA, Valérie ULg; RICHERT, BERTRAND; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in Clinical & Experimental Dermatology (2010)

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See detailClaiming workers' rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo: the case of the Collectif des ex-agents de la Gécamines
Rubbers, Benjamin ULg

in Review of African Political Economy (2010), 37(125), 329-344

Within the context of its strategy for the reform of public companies in Africa, the World Bank became involved in redundancies of questionable legality. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, for example ... [more ▼]

Within the context of its strategy for the reform of public companies in Africa, the World Bank became involved in redundancies of questionable legality. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, for example, the Bank arranged and financed a voluntary severance programme in 2003, whereby 10,000 employees of the mining company Gécamines, some 45% of its workforce, left in return for an arbitrarily fixed lump-sum payment. Based on ethnographic research, this paper discusses the history of the protest movement which emerged from this mass redundancy programme, the arguments deployed by the movement and the resources available to it. On the basis of this case study, the paper goes on to offer some thoughts on the conditions for social criticism in a transitional regime, heir to an authoritarian tradition of long standing, and operating under the tutelage of foreign donors. [less ▲]

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See detailMoney giveth, money taketh away: The dual effect of wealth on happiness
Quoidbach, Jordi ULg; Dunn, Elisabeth W; Petrides, K. V. et al

in Psychological Science (2010), 21

The present study provides the first evidence that money impairs people’s ability to savor everyday positive emotions and experiences. In a sample of working adults, wealthier individuals reported lower ... [more ▼]

The present study provides the first evidence that money impairs people’s ability to savor everyday positive emotions and experiences. In a sample of working adults, wealthier individuals reported lower savoring ability. Moreover, the negative impact of wealth on savoring undermined the positive effects of money on happiness. Supporting the causal influence of money on savoring, experimentally exposing participants to a reminder of wealth produced the same deleterious effect on savoring as did actual individual differences in wealth. Finally, moving beyond self-report, participants exposed to a reminder of wealth spent less time savoring a piece of chocolate and exhibited reduced enjoyment of it. The present research supplies evidence for the previously untested notion that having access to the best things in life may actually undercut the ability to reap enjoyment from life’s small pleasures. [less ▲]

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See detailChimie (2e partie)
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Learning material (2010)

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See detailDiversity Management in Belgium
Cornet, Annie ULg; Zanoni

Conference (2010)

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See detailFuran formation from vitamin C in a starch-based model system: Influence of the reaction conditions
Owczarek-Fendor, Agnieska; De Meulenaer, Bruno; Scholl, Georges ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2010), 121(4), 1163-1170

The generation of furan from vitamin C during thermal treatment of a starch-based model system, which simulated baby food, was studied. Results indicated that the amount of sample heated in the vial ... [more ▼]

The generation of furan from vitamin C during thermal treatment of a starch-based model system, which simulated baby food, was studied. Results indicated that the amount of sample heated in the vial influenced the furan generation from ascorbic acid. Increasing the amount of heated sample from 5% to approximately 98% of the total vial volume, drastically reduced furan formation from 70 ppb to 16 ppb. Changes in ascorbic acid concentrations from 0.1 to 4.5 mg/g did not influence furan concentration nor did different ascorbic/dehydroascorbic acid molar ratios. Interestingly, waxy corn starch itself considerably enhanced furan generation from ascorbic acid. Under the same conditions, 13.2 ppb of furan was generated in starch-based samples, while in ascorbic acid buffered solutions only 0.4 ppb of furan was formed. Application of other matrices, in particular agar and hydrolysed starch, resulted in similar furan concentrations as for native starch, while in polyol solutions furan concentrations were comparable to those obtained for the buffered ascorbic acid solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential research on marine mammals
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Coignoul, Freddy ULg

in Animal inside and outside the laboratory (2010)

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See detailUVIS observations of the FUV OI and CO 4P Venus dayglow during the Cassini flyby
Hubert, Benoît ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Gustin, Jacques ULg et al

in Icarus (2010), 207

We analyze FUV spatially-resolved dayglow spectra obtained at 0.37 nm resolution by the UVIS instrument during the Cassini flyby of Venus. We use a least-squares fit method to determine the brightness of ... [more ▼]

We analyze FUV spatially-resolved dayglow spectra obtained at 0.37 nm resolution by the UVIS instrument during the Cassini flyby of Venus. We use a least-squares fit method to determine the brightness of the OI emissions at 130.4 and OI 135.6 nm, and of the bands of the CO fourth positive system which are dominated by fluorescence scattering. We compare the brightness observed along the UVIS foot track of the two OI multiplets with that deduced from a model of the excitation of these emissions by photoelectron impact on O atoms and resonance scattering of the solar 130.4 nm emission. The large optical thickness 130.4 nm emission is accounted for using a radiative transfer model. The airglow intensities are calculated along the foot track and found to agree with the observed 130.4 nm brightness within ˜10%. The modeled OI 135.6 nm brightness is also well reproduced by the model. The oxygen density profile of the VTS3 model is found to be consistent with the observations. We find that self-absorption of the (0, v″) bands of the fourth positive emission of CO is important and we derive a CO vertical column of about 6.4 × 10[SUP]15[/SUP] cm[SUP]‑2[/SUP] in close agreement with the value provided by the VTS3 empirical atmospheric model. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing body condition score to select for better reproductive performance
Bastin, Catherine ULg; Loker, Sarah; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailModes de résolutions de conflits politiques
Kabamba, Bob ULg

Learning material (2010)

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See detailEn las montañas de la locura
Lovecraft, Howard Phillips; Willson, Patricia ULg

Book published by Libros del Zorro Rojo (2010)

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See detailL'alimentation du furet (Mustela furo) : rationnement pratique et pathologie nutritionnelle
Piazza, Stéphanie; Diez, Marianne ULg

in Pratique médicale & chirurgicale de l'animal de compagnie (2010), 45

Ferret's nutritional needs are not discussed, but practical feeding is controversial. The use of dry food is practical while feeding fresh meat or whole prey seems to be most adapted to the physiology of ... [more ▼]

Ferret's nutritional needs are not discussed, but practical feeding is controversial. The use of dry food is practical while feeding fresh meat or whole prey seems to be most adapted to the physiology of this animal. Dry foods contain carbohydrates in large quantities, while the ferret does not need it. Informations read on the labels do not give the source, quality or digestibility coefficients of the ingredients, so it is necessary to go into detail about commercial products. Dry foods should be of high quality, they should contain high protein and fat levels, low rates of nitrogen-free extract (calculated), and ingredients of animal origin should be at the head of the list. Fresh meat based food is an alternative and its use is already widespread in some countries. Frozen whole prey as day-old chicks or small rodents, are sold by specialized companies who provide zoo and carnivore’s owners. Meat based diets containing muscles, organs, bones, and other animal products may be an alternative to whole preys if they are balanced. The microbiological risk is greater than for dry food, but it remains low if basic principles of food safety are respected. Diseases such as dental disease, gastrointestinal diseases, insulinoma, urolithiasis, nutrient deficiencies and excesses, are diseases of the ferret that may have a nutritional origin. It is therefore important to focus on the choice of the diet for this animal. [less ▲]

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See detailExhaled nitric oxide thresholds associated with a sputum eosinophil count >=3% in a cohort of unselected patients with asthma.
Schleich, FLorence ULg; Seidel, Laurence ULg; Sele, Jocelyne ULg et al

in Thorax (2010), 65(12), 1039-1044

Background It has been claimed that exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) could be regarded as a surrogate marker for sputum eosinophil count in patients with asthma. However, the FeNO threshold value that ... [more ▼]

Background It has been claimed that exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) could be regarded as a surrogate marker for sputum eosinophil count in patients with asthma. However, the FeNO threshold value that identifies a sputum eosinophil count >/=3% in an unselected population of patients with asthma has been poorly studied. Methods This retrospective study was conducted in 295 patients with asthma aged 15-84 years recruited from the asthma clinic of University Hospital of Liege. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and logistic regression analysis were used to assess the relationship between sputum eosinophil count and FeNO, taking into account covariates such as inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), smoking, atopy, age and sex. Results Derived from the ROC curve, FeNO >/=41 ppb gave 65% sensitivity and 79% specificity (AUC=0.777, p=0.0001) for identifying a sputum eosinophil count >/=3%. Using logistic regression analysis, a threshold of 42 ppb was found to discriminate between eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic asthma (p<0.0001). Patients receiving high doses of ICS (>/=1000 mug beclometasone) had a significantly lower FeNO threshold (27 ppb) than the rest of the group (48 ppb, p<0.05). Atopy also significantly altered the threshold (49 ppb for atopic vs 30 ppb for non-atopic patients, p<0.05) and there was a trend for a lower threshold in smokers (27 ppb) compared with non-smokers (46 ppb, p=0.066). Age and sex did not affect the relationship between FeNO and sputum eosinophilia. When combining all variables into the logistic model, FeNO (p<0.0001), high-dose ICS (p<0.05) and smoking (p<0.05) were independent predictors of sputum eosinophilia, while there was a trend for atopy (p=0.086). Conclusion FeNO is able to identify a sputum eosinophil count >/=3% with reasonable accuracy and thresholds which vary according to dose of ICS, smoking and atopy. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of Hospital Administrative Dataset for adverse event screening.
Verelst, S.; Jacques, Jessica ULg; Van den Heede, K. et al

in Quality & Safety in Health Care (2010)

Objective To assess whether the Belgian Hospital Discharge Dataset (B-HDDS) is a valid source for the detection of adverse events in acute hospitals. Design, setting and participants Retrospective review ... [more ▼]

Objective To assess whether the Belgian Hospital Discharge Dataset (B-HDDS) is a valid source for the detection of adverse events in acute hospitals. Design, setting and participants Retrospective review of 1515 patient records in eight acute Belgian hospitals for the year 2005. Main outcome measures Predictive value of the B-HDDS and medical record reviews and degree of correspondence between the B-HDDS and medical record reviews for five indicators: pressure ulcer, postoperative pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis, postoperative sepsis, ventilator-associated pneumonia and postoperative wound infection. Results Postoperative wound infection received the highest positive predictive value (62.3%), whereas postoperative sepsis and ventilator-associated pneumonia were rated as only 44.2% and 29.9% respectively. Excluding present on admission from the screening substantially decreased the positive predictive value of pressure ulcer from 74.5% to 54.3%, as pressure ulcers present on admission were responsible for more B-HDDS-medical record mismatches than any other indicator. Over half (56.8%) of false-positive cases for postoperative sepsis were due to a lack of specificity of the ICD-9-CM code, whereas in 58.6% of false-positive cases for ventilator-associated pneumonia, clinical criteria appeared to be too stringent. Conclusions The B-HDDS has the potential to accurately detect some but not all adverse events. Adding a code 'present on admission' and improving the ICD-9-CM codes might already partially improve the correspondence between the B-HDDS and the medical record review. [less ▲]

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See detailChimie (3e partie)
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Learning material (2010)

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See detailTemas de historia y civilización latinoamericanas
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

Book published by Plantyn - 3ème édition augmentée et actualisée (2010)

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See detailAxion-like particles and circular polarisation of active galactic nuclei
Payez, Alexandre ULg; Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

in Jaeckel, Joerg; Lindner, Axel; Redondo, Javier (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Patras Workshop on Axions, WIMPs and WISPs PATRAS 2009 (2010)

The measurements of the linear polarisation of visible light from quasars give strong evidence for large-scale coherent orientations of their polarisation vectors in some regions of the sky. We show that ... [more ▼]

The measurements of the linear polarisation of visible light from quasars give strong evidence for large-scale coherent orientations of their polarisation vectors in some regions of the sky. We show that these observations can be explained by the mixing of the photons with very light pseudoscalar (axion-like) particles in extragalactic magnetic fields during their propagation. We present a new treatment in terms of wave packets and discuss the circular polarisation. [less ▲]

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