References of "2010"
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See detailManagement effects on European cropland respiration
Eugster, W.; Moffat, A. M.; Ceschia, E. et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2010), 139

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See detailWhich rules shape EU's external governance? The patterns of rule selection in foreign and security policies
Barbé, Esther; Costa, Oriol; Herranz-Surrallés, Anna et al

in Lavenex, Sandra; Schimmelfennig, Frank (Eds.) EU External Governance: Projecting EU Rules beyond Membership (2010)

This article addresses a particular aspect of EU external governance: rule selection. Drawing on institutionalist and power-based explanations we put forward an account for the choice of the specific ... [more ▼]

This article addresses a particular aspect of EU external governance: rule selection. Drawing on institutionalist and power-based explanations we put forward an account for the choice of the specific rules that guide policy convergence between the EU and third countries. The proposed analytical framework broadens the scope of the studies examining the externalization of EU rules beyond its borders, in that we claim that the EU can promote policy convergence using rules other than the EU's. More specifically, the EU also promotes policy convergence on the basis of international and bilaterally developed rules. These analytical claims for explaining rule selection are checked against empirical data. We compare policy convergence between the EU and four neighbouring countries (Morocco, Ukraine, Georgia, and Russia) in three subfields within foreign and security policy: foreign policy dialogue, control of export of dual-use goods in the context of non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and crisis management. [less ▲]

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See detailCerebral folate deficiency and CNS inflammatory markers in Alpers disease.
Hasselmann, Oswald; Blau, Nenad; RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg et al

in Molecular Genetics & Metabolism (2010), 99(1), 58-61

We describe a 3.5-year-old female with Alpers disease with a POLG genotype of p.A467T/p.G848S and with a lethal outcome. Laboratory investigation revealed elevated CSF neopterin, IL-6, IL-8, IFN-gamma ... [more ▼]

We describe a 3.5-year-old female with Alpers disease with a POLG genotype of p.A467T/p.G848S and with a lethal outcome. Laboratory investigation revealed elevated CSF neopterin, IL-6, IL-8, IFN-gamma, reduced CSF 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF), and increased serum as well as CSF folate receptor blocking autoantibodies. Treatment with oral Leucovorine (5-formyl-tetrahydrofolate) was initiated at 0.25mg/kg bid, and later increased to 4mg/kg bid. Under treatment CSF levels of 5MTHF, seizure frequency and communicative abilities improved. Over a time span of 17months, CSF levels of IL-6 and IFN-gamma decreased, levels of folate receptor blocking autoantibodies continued to raise, whereas CSF IL-8 remained elevated 1500-fold above normal. The child died without apparent stress at the age of 5.5years. Alpers disease, a neurodegenerative disease usually presents in the first years of life as a progressive encephalopathy with multifocal myoclonic seizures, developmental regression, cortical blindness and early death. The underlying genetic defect has been attributed to mutations of the catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial DNA polymerase-gamma leading to an organ-specific mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome with reduced activity of respiratory chain enzyme complexes in the brain and the liver. A curative therapy is not available. This case report of Alpers disease provides new insights into the pathophysiology of Alpers disease, where mitochondrial dysfunction in conjunction with inflammatory cytokines and blocking folate receptor autoantibodies may lead to a secondary cerebral folate deficiency syndrome. The treatment of the latter provides relief to the patient without stopping the underlying disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLes donations de terrains a batir en Flandre
Douny, Raphaël ULg

in Manuel de planification patrimoniale (2010)

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See detailEchec a l'echec diagnostique et therapeutique dans les pertes de cheveux.
Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(5-6), 413-9

Hair loss, also called hair effluvium is often considered as an ancillary complaint. However, this situation is quite common in both genders. It is part of numerous clinical presentations in internal ... [more ▼]

Hair loss, also called hair effluvium is often considered as an ancillary complaint. However, this situation is quite common in both genders. It is part of numerous clinical presentations in internal medicine and dermatology. Obviously, any correlation between a biologic abnormality and hair loss does not prove a relationship of causality. In absence of pathogenic diagnosis and causality criteria, chances are low to control adequately hair effluvium by a treatment given by the whims of fate. In addition, the risk and frequency of therapeutic inertia are increased. When the hair loss is not controlled and/or compensated by growth of new hairs, several types of alopecia inexorably develop. [less ▲]

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See detailSignspeak--understanding, recognition, and translation of sign languages
Dreuw, Philippe; Forster, Jens; Gweth, Yannick et al

in 4th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Corpora and Sign Language Technologies (2010)

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See detailPositive impact of compliance to strontium ranelate on the risk of nonvertebral osteoporotic fractures.
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2010), 21(12), 1993-2002

Adherence is now one of the major issues in the management of osteoporosis. This paper relates the relationship existing between adherence to strontium ranelate and the risk of subsequent nonvertebral ... [more ▼]

Adherence is now one of the major issues in the management of osteoporosis. This paper relates the relationship existing between adherence to strontium ranelate and the risk of subsequent nonvertebral fracture among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate compliance to strontium ranelate (SR) therapy and the impact of compliance on the risk of nonvertebral fractures among women with osteoporosis. METHODS: This study was a post-hoc analysis of pooled data from two international, phase III, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind studies (the Spinal Osteoporosis Therapeutic Intervention and Treatment Of Peripheral Osteoporosis). A nested case-control study was performed in the strontium ranelate-treated population. Compliance was quantified using the medication possession ratio (MPR). RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-five nonvertebral fracture cases (hip fx n = 70; major nonvertebral fx n = 213) were identified and matched to 1,425 controls. The mean MPR was 86.8% for controls and 82.6% for cases (p < 0.001). Women who were compliant to SR had a 38% reduction in all nonvertebral fractures compared with those who were not (OR = 0.62; 95%CI[0.47-0.81; p < 0.001). Considering hip fractures only, the risk was reduced by 50% for compliant patients compared to noncompliant patients (OR = 0.50; 95%CI[0.28-0.88]; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our analyses emphasize the importance of good compliance to treatment in order to reduce the risk of osteoporotic fractures. In particular, there was a greater reduction in the risk of nonvertebral and hip fractures with increase compliance. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctionalization of carbon xerogels for the preparation of Pd/C catalysts by grafting of Pd complex
Diverchy, Chantal; Hermans, Sophie; Job, Nathalie ULg et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2010), 175

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See detailQuand un format devient une forme. Le moment Marabout
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Mollier, Jean-Yves; Trunel, Lucile (Eds.) Du « poche » aux collections de poche. Histoire et mutations d'un genre (2010)

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See detailOn a class of micromechanical damage models with initial stresses for geomaterials
Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg et al

in Mechanics Research Communications (2010), 37

In this paper, we extend a class of micromechanical damage models by including initial stresses. The proposed approach is based on the solution of the Eshelby inhomogeneous inclusion problem in the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we extend a class of micromechanical damage models by including initial stresses. The proposed approach is based on the solution of the Eshelby inhomogeneous inclusion problem in the presence of a prestress (in the matrix), adapted for elastic voided media. The closed form expression of the corresponding energy potential is used as the basis of various isotropic damage models corresponding to three standard homogenization schemes. These models are illustrated by considering isotropic tensile loadings with different initial stresses. Finally, still in the isotropic context, we provide an interpretation of the macroscopic damage model formulated by Halm-Dragon (1996) by briefly connecting it to the present study. [less ▲]

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See detailHydro-mechanical modelling of the Excavation Damaged Zone around an underground excavation at Mont Terri Rock Laboratory
Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Frieg, Bernd et al

in International Journal of Rock Mechanics & Mining Sciences (2010), 47(3), 414-425

A zone with significant irreversible deformations and significant changes in flow and transport properties is expected to be formed in indurated clay around underground excavations. The stress ... [more ▼]

A zone with significant irreversible deformations and significant changes in flow and transport properties is expected to be formed in indurated clay around underground excavations. The stress perturbation around the excavation could lead to a significant increase of the permeability, related to diffuse and/or localized crack propagation in the material. The main objective of the study is to model these processes at large scale in order to assess their impacts on the performance of radioactive waste geological repositories. This paper concerns more particularly the hydro-mechanical modelling of a long term dilatometer experiment performed in Mont Terri Rock Laboratory in Switzerland within the Selfrac Project. The proposed model defines the permeability as a function of the aperture of the cracks that are generated during the excavation. With this model, the permeability tensor becomes anisotropic. Advantages and drawbacks of this approach are described thanks to the results of the Selfrac long term dilatometer experiment. [less ▲]

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See detailAllemand : Lire les textes
Gerrekens, Louis ULg; Letawe, Céline ULg; Seron, Nathalie

Book published by De boeck - Université (2010)

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See detailBrainstem specific warping improves locus coeruleus functional imaging in humans
Balteau, Evelyne ULg; Schmidt, Christina ULg; Maquet, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ... Scientific Meeting and Exhibition. International Society For Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Scientific Meeting and Exhibition (2010)

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See detailExplicit Solution to the Full Nonlinear Problem for Satellite Formation-keeping
Cho, Hancheol ULg; Udwadia, Firdaus

in Acta Astronautica (2010), 67(3-4), 369-387

This paper presents simple and exact formation-keeping guidance schemes that use a new method that is rooted in some recent advances in analytical dynamics. As a result of this new approach, explicit ... [more ▼]

This paper presents simple and exact formation-keeping guidance schemes that use a new method that is rooted in some recent advances in analytical dynamics. As a result of this new approach, explicit control inputs to exactly maintain a given formation configuration are easily determined using continuous thrust propulsion systems. The complete nonlinear problem is addressed, and no linearizations and/or approximations are made. The approach provides a marked improvement over existing results in that the control forces, which cause geometric formation-keeping constraints to be exactly satisfied for arbitrary reference orbits, are found in closed form. For Keplerian reference orbits, a much simpler and explicit expression for the control needed to exactly satisfy formation-keeping constraints than hereto available is obtained. The paper also includes explicit control results when the follower is inserted into orbit with incorrect initial conditions, as usually happens in practice. The Hill reference frame, which is often more intuitive for formation-keeping, is used in the analysis. While this paper takes an example of a projected circular formation, the methodology that is developed can be applied to any desired configuration or orbital requirements. Extensive computational simulations are performed to demonstrate the ease of implementation, and the numerical accuracy provided by the approach developed herein. [less ▲]

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See detailThe California Verbal Learning Test and other standard clinical neuropsychological tests to predict conversion from mild memory impairment to dementia.
Lekeu, Françoise ULg; Magis, Delphine ULg; Marique, Patricia et al

in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (2010), 20

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See detailIntroduction
Drouguet, Noémie ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2010), 5

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