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See detailGrupurile informale : primii pasi in actiunea colectiva
Teclu, Codrat Alin ULg

in Lambru, Mihaela; Vamescu, Ancuta; Kivu, Mircea (Eds.) Romania 2010 : Sectorul neguvernamental - profil, tendinte, provocari (2010)

L'ouvrage se propose de dresser un portrait quantitatif et qualitatif du secteur non-gouvernemental roumain 10 ans après la dernière grande enquête sur le sujet. Les principaux défis des ONG sont ... [more ▼]

L'ouvrage se propose de dresser un portrait quantitatif et qualitatif du secteur non-gouvernemental roumain 10 ans après la dernière grande enquête sur le sujet. Les principaux défis des ONG sont également abordés. Notre contribution sur les groupes informels de citoyens se trouve en pp. 90-93. [less ▲]

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See detailLa formation en organisations : mise en perspective des approches psychosociologiques et ergonomiques
Faulx, Daniel ULg; Petit, Lucie

in Relations Industrielles = Industrial Relations (2010), 3

Faced with new challenge from globalization, technological and demographic changes, today organizational training takes a crucial importance in the development of human resources in organizations. From ... [more ▼]

Faced with new challenge from globalization, technological and demographic changes, today organizational training takes a crucial importance in the development of human resources in organizations. From both a scientific and practical point of view, two major currents presently seem to rule this field: a psychosociological current and an ergonomic current. The contributions of each of them in organizational human resources development are unquestionable, but we have observed significant levels of misunderstanding between the two, as well as a lack of dialogue and scientific objectivity. The present paper intends to initiate this dialogue with an eye towards developing training practices. Thanks to a better understanding of these main approaches, our aim is to help those who seek to train personnel to better orientate their choice of training. From this perspective, based as much on historical research as on more recent works, several common points are obvious. (1) There is a wish to develop new learning strategies which draws substance from scientific research, and which breaks with school-based models. (2) There is a strong link between theory and action, together with practices that combine doing and knowledge. (3) There is also a vision of learning as the result of action combined with reflection on action. In contrast with these shared foundations, several differences leading to fruitful exchange have been identified. (1) Focus on group from psychosociological approaches, as opposed to focus on work from ergonomic perspectives; (2) concentration on functional and specific aspects of work in the ergonomic approach and emphasis on relational and transversal aspects in the psychosociological approach; (3) four points on which technical exchanges would be profitable; (4) a major controversy on the question of whether the link between work and training is necessary or not. By becoming aware of the complementarity of the two approaches (compatible and different), we become convinced that it is essential to begin a dialogue in order to make organizational training practices more understandable and more effective. [less ▲]

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See detailLes charpentes de deux abbatiales prémontrées, Floreffe et Bonne-Espérance: l'apport de la dendrochronologie à l'histoire des techniques
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Plouvier, Martine (Ed.) Actes officiels des 31e et 32e colloques du Centre d'études et de recherches prémontrées, Loir-et-Cher 2005, Mont)Saint)Martin (Aisne), Leffe (Belgique), 200§, circarie de Floreffe (2010)

This a prensation of the typochronology of roof-framing in architecture of Prémontrés in Belgium. The examples a re coming fro different periods: 12th century, 13h century, 17th century, 18th century

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See detailDesigning a new scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament tissue engineering
Laurent, Cédric ULg

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2010)

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See detailApproche multirisque du patient diabetique de type 2: desaccord sur les valeurs cibles suite a l'etude ACCORD.
Scheen, André ULg; Paquot, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2010), 6(260), 1582-7

The ACCORD trial investigated the effects of intensifying the global management of 10,251 type 2 diabetic patients, with established cardiovascular disease or at least two other cardiovascular risk ... [more ▼]

The ACCORD trial investigated the effects of intensifying the global management of 10,251 type 2 diabetic patients, with established cardiovascular disease or at least two other cardiovascular risk factors, on a composite endpoint (non fatal myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death). The attempt to reduce HbA1c level below 6% was associated with an increased cardiovascular mortality (despite a reduction in non fatal myocardial infarcts); lowering systolic blood pressure below 120 mmHg instead of 140 mmHg did not provide any additional benefit; finally, the control of atherogenic dyslipidaemia, with fenofibrate added to a statin, did not modify the composite endpoint (despite a positive effect in the subgroup of patients with high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol). These rather disappointing results should be interpreted to provide practical guidelines. [less ▲]

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See detailDes reins pas comme les autres...
Detry, Olivier ULg

E-print/Working paper (2010)

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See detailPréface
Bonnet, Marc; Pichault, François ULg

in Gérer les ressources humaines en Afrique. Entre processus sociaux et pratiques organisationnelles (2010)

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See detailComplex subordinators derived from noun complement clauses
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Davidse, Kristin

in Acta Linguistica Hafniensia : International Journal of Linguistics (2010), 42(2), 101-116

In this article, we investigate the development of complex subordinators from noun complement clauses in English, basing ourselves on the analysis of synchronic data from the COBUILD corpus. We first ... [more ▼]

In this article, we investigate the development of complex subordinators from noun complement clauses in English, basing ourselves on the analysis of synchronic data from the COBUILD corpus. We first present a breadth study of complex subordinators originating in “in þ NP þ that/of-clause”- syntagms and show how these align themselves with oppositions within the causal, temporal and comparative subordinator paradigms. We then offer an in-depth study of the cluster of strings “in (the) hope(s) that/of”, arguing that the subordinators they yield enter as marked members into the subparadigm of purposive conjunctions, which they semantically enrich through lexical and structural persistence. [less ▲]

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See detailM-type channels selectively control bursting in rat dopaminergic neurons
Drion, Guillaume ULg; Bonjean, Maxime; Waroux, Olivier ULg et al

in European Journal of Neuroscience (2010), 31

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. A propos d'un cas de maladie de von Hippel-Lindau
Bourguignont, A.; Blaise, Pierre ULg; Janin, Nicolas ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(2), 62-6

von Hippel-Lindau disease is an inherited multisystemic familial cancer syndrome caused by mutations of the VHL gene. The spectrum of clinical manifestations is broad and includes central nervous system ... [more ▼]

von Hippel-Lindau disease is an inherited multisystemic familial cancer syndrome caused by mutations of the VHL gene. The spectrum of clinical manifestations is broad and includes central nervous system hemangioblastomas and visual benign and malignant tumors. The various manifestations can be demonstrated by means of different imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and fluorescein retinal hemangiography. A systematic approach must be followed for repeated screening in patients at risk, since many lesions in VHL disease are treatable. [less ▲]

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See detailMaths & Manips
Henry, Valérie ULg; Guissard, Marie-France; Lambrecht, Pauline

in Losanges (2010), 7

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See detailClinical evidence of benefits of a dietary supplement containing probiotic and carotenoids on ultraviolet-induced skin damage.
Bouilly-Gauthier, D.; Jeannes, C.; Maubert, Y. et al

in British Journal of Dermatology (2010)

Summary Background Lactobacillus johnsonii (La1) has been reported to protect skin immune system homeostasis following ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Objectives To assess the effects of a dietary supplement ... [more ▼]

Summary Background Lactobacillus johnsonii (La1) has been reported to protect skin immune system homeostasis following ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Objectives To assess the effects of a dietary supplement (DS) combining La1 and nutritional doses of carotenoids on early UV-induced skin damage. Methods Three clinical trials (CT1, CT2, CT3) were performed using different UV sources: nonextreme UV with a high UVA irradiance (UV-DL, CT1), extreme simulated solar radiation (UV-SSR, CT2) and natural sunlight (CT3). All three clinical trials were carried out in healthy women over 18 years of age with skin type II-IV. In CT1, early markers of UV-induced skin damage were assessed using histology and immunohistochemistry. In CT2, the minimal erythemal dose (MED) was determined by clinical evaluation and by chromametry. Chromametry was also used to evaluate skin colour. Dermatologists' and subjects' assessments were compiled in CT3. Results A 10-week DS intake prevented the UV-DL-induced decrease in Langerhans cell density and the increase in factor XIIIa+ type I dermal dendrocytes while it reduced dermal inflammatory cells. Clinical and instrumental MED rose by 20% and 19%, respectively, and skin colour was intensified, as shown by the increase in the DeltaE* parameter. The efficacy of DS was confirmed by dermatologists and subjects under real conditions of use. Conclusions Nutritional supplementation combining a specific probiotic (La1) and nutritional doses of carotenoids reduced early UV-induced skin damage caused by simulated or natural sun exposure in a large panel of subjects (n = 139). This latter result might suggest that DS intake could have a beneficial influence on the long-term effects of UV exposure and more specifically on skin photoageing. [less ▲]

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See detailTHE NORMAL ANATOMICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOAL FOOT DESCRIBED WITH MULTI DETECTOR COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (MDCT)
Van Thielen, B.; Murray, R.; Van Dooren, J. P. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailL'arrêt Grunkin-Paul, confirmation de la jurisprudence Garcia-Avello ou nouvelle étape vers une reconnaissance automatique du statut personnel?
Pfeiff, Silvia ULg

in Revue Générale de Droit Civil Belge = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Burgerlijk (2010)

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See detailGlial but not neuronal development in the cochleo-vestibular ganglion requires Sox10.
Breuskin, Ingrid ULg; Bodson, Morgan ULg; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Neurochemistry (2010), 114(6), 1827-39

The cochleo-vestibular ganglion contains neural crest-derived glial cells and sensory neurons that are derived from the neurogenic otic placode. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms that ... [more ▼]

The cochleo-vestibular ganglion contains neural crest-derived glial cells and sensory neurons that are derived from the neurogenic otic placode. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms that regulate the tightly orchestrated development of this structure. Here, we report that Sox10, a high-mobility group DNA-binding domain transcription factor that is required for the proper development of neural crest cell derivatives, is specifically expressed in post-migratory neural crest cells in the cochleo-vestibular ganglion. Using Sox10-deficient mice, we demonstrate that this transcription factor is essential for the survival, but not the generation, of the post-migratory neural crest cells within the inner ear. In the absence of these neural crest-derived cells, we have investigated the survival of the otocyst-derived auditory neurons. Surprisingly, auditory neuron differentiation, sensory target innervation and survival are conserved despite the absence of glial cells. Moreover, brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression is increased in the hair cells of Sox10-deficient mice, a compensatory mechanism that may prevent spiral ganglion neuronal cell death. Taken together, these data suggest that in the absence of neural crest-derived glial cells, an increase trophic support from hair cells promotes the survival of spiral ganglion neurons in Sox10 mutant mice. [less ▲]

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See detailGeriatric day hospital: opportunity or threat? A qualitative exploratory study of the referral behaviour of Belgian general practitioners.
Vanden Bussche, Piet; Desmyter, Fien; Duchesnes, Christiane ULg et al

in BMC Health Services Research (2010), 10

BACKGROUND: In order to address the challenges of an ageing population the Belgian government decided to allocate resources to the creation of geriatric day hospitals (GDHs). Although GDHs are meant to be ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In order to address the challenges of an ageing population the Belgian government decided to allocate resources to the creation of geriatric day hospitals (GDHs). Although GDHs are meant to be a strategy to support general practitioners (GPs) caring for the frail elderly, few Belgian GPs seem to refer to a GDH. This study aims to explore the barriers and facilitating factors of GPs' referral to GDHs. METHODS: A qualitative study using focus group discussions (FGDs) was conducted. Fifteen FGDs were organized in the different Belgian regions (Flanders, Wallonia, Brussels). RESULTS: Contextual factors such as the unsatisfactory cooperation between hospital and GPs and organizational barriers such as the lack of communication on referral procedures between hospital and primary health care (PHC) were identified. Lack of basic knowledge about the concept or the local organization of GDH seemed to be a problem. Unclear task descriptions, responsibilities and activities of a GDH formed prominent points of discussion in all FGDs. Nevertheless a lot of possible advantages and disadvantages of GDHs for the patient and for the GP were mentioned. CONCLUSIONS: In the case of poor referral to GDHs, focusing on improving overall collaboration between primary and secondary health care is essential. This can be achieved by actively delivering adequate information, permanent communication and more involvement of PHC in the organization and functioning of GDHs. The absence of a transparent health care system with delineated role definitions, seems to hinder the integration of new initiatives like GDHs in the care process. Strategies to enhance referral to GDHs should use a comprehensive approach. [less ▲]

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