References of "2010"
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See detailEffect of an electric field on an intermittent granular flow
Mersch, Eric ULg; Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Boschini, Frédéric ULg et al

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2010), 81

Granular gravity driven flows of glass beads have been observed in a silo with a flat bottom. A dc high electric field has been applied perpendicularly to the silo to tune the cohesion. The outlet mass flow ... [more ▼]

Granular gravity driven flows of glass beads have been observed in a silo with a flat bottom. A dc high electric field has been applied perpendicularly to the silo to tune the cohesion. The outlet mass flow has been measured. An image subtraction technique has been applied to visualize the flow geometry and a spatiotemporal analysis of the flow dynamics has been performed. The outlet mass flow is independent of voltage, but a transition from funnel flow to rathole flow is observed. This transition is of probabilistic nature and an intermediate situation exists between the funnel and the rathole situations. At a given voltage, two kinds of flow dynamics can occur: a continuous flow or an intermittent flow. The electric field increases the probability to observe an intermittent flow. [less ▲]

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See detailNAVA enhances ventilatory variability and diaphragmaticactivity/tidal volume coupling
Moorhead, K.; Piquilloud, L.; Desaive, Thomas ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2010), 36(2), 326-326

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See detailSelective epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor on large-area Si substrate for advanced logic CMOS technologies
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Brammertz, Guy; Wang, Gang et al

Conference (2010)

The continued downscaling of the metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor for sub-22 nm logic circuits with boosted performance will require the introduction of new channel materials with carrier ... [more ▼]

The continued downscaling of the metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor for sub-22 nm logic circuits with boosted performance will require the introduction of new channel materials with carrier mobility higher than that of Si, such as Ge for pMOS. The use of III-V compounds for nMOS devices poses however additional challenges related to the hetero-epitaxial growth of a polar semiconductor on a non-polar surface. Furthermore, these high-mobility materials have to be fabricated on large-area Si substrates, in the perspective of application in a standard low-cost very-large-scale integration scheme. In this work, we report on the successful growth of GaAs on 200 mm Si wafers by means of metal-organic vapor deposition using a modified Crius Close-Coupled Showerhead system from AIXTRON AG. We used Si (100) wafers with off-axis orientation (6° miscut towards <111>) in order to avoid the formation of anti-phase domains which lead to Ga-Ga and As-As bonds at their boundaries that have strong detrimental effects on the electrical conduction. In our approach, based on Ge virtual substrates with low threading dislocation (TD) density, the lattice mismatch between Si and GaAs is accommodated and, thus, no additional TD is introduced in the deposited III-V film. Our results show that smooth GaAs layers can be epitaxially grown on large-area Si substrates with high wafer-scale thickness uniformity. The excellent quality of the deposited GaAs was confirmed by photoluminescence and electron microscopy. Our process also demonstrates very high selectivity on patterned wafers with SiO2 mask and enabled the fabrication of capacitor structures using an integration process flow very similar to standard high volume Si manufacturing lines. The capacitance-voltage characteristics were similar to the ones obtained on a bulk GaAs substrate, and showed extremely tight within-wafer and wafer-to-wafer distributions as is standard to Si manufacturing. [less ▲]

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See detailLes petites chambres de l'école Ste Odile
Guillaume, Jean-François ULg

Article for general public (2010)

L'organisation du travail scolaire, tant du côté des élèves que des enseigannts, tend à distinguer deux lieux essentiels : la classe et le domicile. Or dans un contete de remodelage de la place et des ... [more ▼]

L'organisation du travail scolaire, tant du côté des élèves que des enseigannts, tend à distinguer deux lieux essentiels : la classe et le domicile. Or dans un contete de remodelage de la place et des missions des institutions éducatives, il convient de s'interroger sur les pratiques les plus habituelles. La segmentation des espaces et leur affectation sont de celles-là. [less ▲]

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See detailL'engagement est-il soluble dans les médias ?
Jacquemain, Marc ULg; Italiano, Patrick ULg; Matagne, Geoffroy ULg

in Jacquemain, Marc; Delwit, Pascal (Eds.) Engagements actuels actualité des engagements (2010)

The paper shows that if television is globally a deterrent of public involvement (but not at the level often supposed by social scientists), reading newspaper fosters involvement and Internet is more ... [more ▼]

The paper shows that if television is globally a deterrent of public involvement (but not at the level often supposed by social scientists), reading newspaper fosters involvement and Internet is more ambiguous. [less ▲]

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See detailMars ultraviolet dayglow variability: SPICAM observations and comparison with airglow model
Cox, Cédric ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Hubert, Benoît ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets (2010), 115

Dayglow ultraviolet emissions of the CO Cameron bands and the CO[SUB]2[/SUB][SUP]+[/SUP] doublet in the Martian atmosphere have been observed with the Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of ... [more ▼]

Dayglow ultraviolet emissions of the CO Cameron bands and the CO[SUB]2[/SUB][SUP]+[/SUP] doublet in the Martian atmosphere have been observed with the Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars on board the Mars Express spacecraft. A large amount of limb profiles has been obtained which makes it possible to analyze variability of the brightness as well as of the altitude of the emission peak. Focusing on one specific season (Ls = [90,180] °), we find that the average CO peak brightness is equal to 118 ± 33 kR, with an average peak altitude of 121.1 ± 6.5 km. Similarly, the CO[SUB]2[/SUB][SUP]+[/SUP] emission shows a mean brightness of 21.6 ± 7.2 kR with a peak located at 119.1 ± 7.0 km. We show that the brightness intensity of the airglows is mainly controlled by the solar zenith angle and by solar activity. Moreover, during Martian summer of year 2005, an increase of the airglow peak altitude has been observed between Ls = 120° and 180°. We demonstrate that this variation is due to a change in the thermospheric local CO[SUB]2[/SUB] density, in agreement with observations performed by stellar occultation. Using a Monte Carlo one-dimensional model, we also show that the main features of the emission profiles can be reproduced for the considered set of data. However, we find it necessary to scale the calculated intensities by a fixed factor. [less ▲]

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See detailIII-V Devices for Advanced CMOS
Waldron, Niamh; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Lin, Dennis et al

in 217th ECS Meeting (2010)

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See detailAnalysis of the high affinity IgE receptor genes reveals epistatic effects of FCER1A variants on eczema risk
Mahachie John, Jestinah ULg; Baurecht, H.; Rodriguez, E. et al

in Allergy (2010), 65(7), 875-882

To cite this article: Mahachie John JM, Baurecht H, Rodriguez E, Naumann A, Wagenpfeil S, Klopp N, Mempel M, Novak N, Bieber T, Wichmann H-E, Ring J, Illig T, Cattaert T, Van Steen K, Weidinger S ... [more ▼]

To cite this article: Mahachie John JM, Baurecht H, Rodriguez E, Naumann A, Wagenpfeil S, Klopp N, Mempel M, Novak N, Bieber T, Wichmann H-E, Ring J, Illig T, Cattaert T, Van Steen K, Weidinger S. Analysis of the high-affinity IgE receptor genes reveals epistatic effects of FCER1A variants on total IgE levels and eczema risk. Allergy 2009; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.02297.x. Abstract Background: High levels of total and allergen-specific IgE levels are a key feature in allergic diseases. The high-affinity receptor for IgE, which is composed of one alpha (FCER1A), one beta (FCER1B), and two gamma (FCER1G) subunits, represents the central receptor of IgE-induced reactions. In a genome-wide association scan, we recently identified associations between functional FCER1A variants and total serum IgE levels. Previous studies had reported linkage and association of FCER1B variants with IgE and atopic traits. The FCER1G gene has not yet been investigated with regard to atopy. Filaggrin (FLG) is the strongest known risk gene for eczema, in particular the allergic subtype of eczema. Methods: We investigated the association of FCER1A, FCER1B, and FCER1G variants with IgE in a large population-based cohort (n = 4261) and tested for epistatic effects using the model-based multifactor dimensionality reduction (MB-MDR) method. In addition, we investigated a potential interaction between FLG and FCER1A variants in a large collection of eczema cases (n = 1018) and population controls. Results: Three strongly correlated FCER1A polymorphisms were significantly associated with total and specific IgE levels as well as allergic sensitization. No associations were seen for FCER1B and FCER1G. After adjustment for FLG effects, a significant epistatic effect of the FCER1A variants rs10489854 and rs2511211 on eczema risk was detected. Conclusions: These results suggest that FCER1A variants by themselves and in combination influence IgE levels and act synergistically to influence eczema risk. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement effects on net ecosystem carbon and GHG budgets at European crop sites
Ceschia, E.; Beziat, P.; Dejoux, J. F. et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2010), 139

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See detailCombined PIXE/PIGE and IBIL with external beam applied to the analysis of Merovingian glass beads
Mathis, François ULg; Othmane, G.; Vrielynck, Olivier et al

in Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (2010), 268(11-12), 2078-2082

New improvements on our archaeometry line at the cyclotron of the Institute of Nuclear and Atomic Physics and of Spectrometry of the University of Liege have allowed the use of PIXE/PIGE and IBIL in-air ... [more ▼]

New improvements on our archaeometry line at the cyclotron of the Institute of Nuclear and Atomic Physics and of Spectrometry of the University of Liege have allowed the use of PIXE/PIGE and IBIL in-air for the analysis of cultural heritage objects. The extraction is performed through a 100 nm thick Si3N4 window. The detection set-up consists now of two X-ray and one gamma-ray detectors, together with a fiber optic UV-visible spectrometer. This set-up has already been tested for the analysis of modern corundum [1] and is now adapted to the analysis of archaeological artefacts. In this work, we have used it to analyse 216 out of the 5000 Merovingian glass beads that come from the necropolis of Bossut-Gottechain (Belgium), one of the most important ever found in Belgium. The IBA analyses confirmed the typological division of different beads groups through chemical composition that gives us new insights on fabrication techniques of glass matrices and colorants. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement effects on European cropland respiration
Eugster, W.; Moffat, A. M.; Ceschia, E. et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2010), 139

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See detailL’hyperglycémie provoquée par voie orale (HGPO) revisitée 2e partie : Indices d’insulinosécrétion, d’insulinosensibilité et de disposition orale
SCHEEN, André ULg; LUYCKX, Françoise ULg

in Médecine des Maladies Métaboliques (2010), 4(6), 684-690

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been widely used for the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes. Simultaneous measurements of plasma glucose and insulin ... [more ▼]

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been widely used for the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes. Simultaneous measurements of plasma glucose and insulin (or more rarely C-peptide) levels allow to derive indices of insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity that are helpful for the understanding of disturbances in glucose metabolism and, especially, for the prediction of progression from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes. Certain indices, quite simple, may be used in clinical practice (“insulinogenic index” to assess early insulin secretion, Matsuda index to assess insulin sensitivity) while others, more complex (and most often based on modelling procedures), are essentially used in research. The oral disposition index, a recently introduced marker that integrates insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity, raises increasing interest, more particularly for the prediction of type 2 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnic Leadership, ethnic communities’ political powerlessness and the state in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Rath, Jan

in Martiniello, Marco; Rath, Jan (Eds.) Selected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation (2010)

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See detailUnified description of fission in fusion and spallation reactions
Mancusi, Davide ULg; Charity, R. J.; Cugnon, Joseph ULg

in Physical Review. C : Nuclear Physics (2010), 82

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See detailMal de dos ? Stop aux idées reçues.
Henrotin, Yves ULg

Article for general public (2010)

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