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See detailOn Vershikian and I-cosy random variables and filtrations
Laurent, Stéphane ULg

in Teoriya Veroyatnostei i ee Primeneniya (2010), 55

We prove that the equivalence between Vershik’s standardness criterion and the I-cosiness criterion for a filtration in discrete, negative time, holds separately for each random variable. This gives a ... [more ▼]

We prove that the equivalence between Vershik’s standardness criterion and the I-cosiness criterion for a filtration in discrete, negative time, holds separately for each random variable. This gives a strengthening and a more direct proof of the global equivalence between these two criteria. We also provide more elementary original propositions on Vershik’s standardness criterion, while emphasizing that similar statements for I-cosiness are sometimes not so obvious. [less ▲]

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See detailFibromyalgia and related conditions: Electromyogram profile during isometric muscle contraction
Maquet, Didier ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Dupont, Catherine ULg et al

in Joint Bone Spine (2010), 77

Objectives: To evaluate electromyogram (EMG) profiles in patients with three related conditions: fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and depression. Methods: We studied 44 healthy volunteers, 22 ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To evaluate electromyogram (EMG) profiles in patients with three related conditions: fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and depression. Methods: We studied 44 healthy volunteers, 22 patients with fibromyalgia, 11 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, and 10 patients admitted for depression. The trapezius electromyogram was recorded during maximally sustained, bilateral, 90◦ abduction of the shoulders. EMG signal frequency and amplitude were measured throughout the test. Results: In the fibromyalgia group, isometric contraction duration was significantly shorter than in the other two patient groups (P < 0.001) and the EMG frequency and amplitude pattern indicated premature discontinuation of the muscle contraction. Findings in the chronic fatigue patients were similar to those in the healthy controls. The patients with depression had a distinctive EMG profile characterized by excessive initial motor-unit recruitment with a shift in the frequency spectrum. Conclusions: Fibromyalgia was associated with a specific EMG pattern indicating premature discontinuation of the muscle contraction. Therefore, maximal voluntary muscle contraction tests may be of limited value for assessing function in fibromyalgia patients. Chronic fatigue syndrome patients had similar EMG findings to those in the healthy controls. The EMG alterations in the patients with depression were consistent with manifestations of psychomotor retardation. [less ▲]

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See detailImplicit Real Vector Automata
Boigelot, Bernard ULg; Brusten, Julien ULg; Degbomont, Jean-François ULg

in Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science [=EPTCS] (2010), 39

This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the symbolic representation of non-convex real polyhedra, i.e., sets of real vectors satisfying arbitrary Boolean combinations of linear constraints. We develop an original data structure for representing such sets, based on an implicit and concise encoding of a known structure, the Real Vector Automaton. The resulting formalism provides a canonical representation of polyhedra, is closed under Boolean operators, and admits an efficient decision procedure for testing the membership of a vector. [less ▲]

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See detailDiversity-function relationship of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in soils among functional groups of grassland species under climate warming
Malchair, Sandrine ULg; De Boeck, H. J.; Lemmens, CMHM et al

in Applied Soil Ecology (2010), 44

Although warming and plant diversity losses have important effects on aboveground ecosystem functioning, their belowground effects remain largely unknown. We studied the impact of a 3 °C warming and of ... [more ▼]

Although warming and plant diversity losses have important effects on aboveground ecosystem functioning, their belowground effects remain largely unknown. We studied the impact of a 3 °C warming and of three plant functional groups (forbs, grasses, legumes) on ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) diversity (polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, PCR-DGGE) and their function (potential nitrification) in artificial grasslands. Warming did not influence AOB diversity and function. Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene fragments retrieved from DGGE gel revealed that they were all related to Nitrosospira-like sequences. Clustering analysis of DGGE profiles resulted in two nodes, separating AOB community structure under legumes from all other samples. Decreased AOB richness (number of DGGE bands) and concurrent increased potential nitrification were also observed under legumes. We hypothesized that ammonium availability was the driving force regulating the link between aboveground and belowground communities, as well as the AOB diversity and function link. The results document that the physiology of AOB might be an important regulator of AOB community structure and function under plant functional groups. This study highlights the major role of the microbial community composition in soil process responses to changes in the functional composition of plant communities. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure and properties of a complex of alpha-synuclein and a single-domain camelid antibody.
De Genst, Erwin J; Guilliams, Tim; Wellens, Joke et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (2010), 402(2), 326-43

The aggregation of the intrinsically disordered protein alpha-synuclein to form fibrillar amyloid structures is intimately associated with a variety of neurological disorders, most notably Parkinson's ... [more ▼]

The aggregation of the intrinsically disordered protein alpha-synuclein to form fibrillar amyloid structures is intimately associated with a variety of neurological disorders, most notably Parkinson's disease. The molecular mechanism of alpha-synuclein aggregation and toxicity is not yet understood in any detail, not least because of the paucity of structural probes through which to study the behavior of such a disordered system. Here, we describe an investigation involving a single-domain camelid antibody, NbSyn2, selected by phage display techniques to bind to alpha-synuclein, including the exploration of its effects on the in vitro aggregation of the protein under a variety of conditions. We show using isothermal calorimetric methods that NbSyn2 binds specifically to monomeric alpha-synuclein with nanomolar affinity and by means of NMR spectroscopy that it interacts with the four C-terminal residues of the protein. This latter finding is confirmed by the determination of a crystal structure of NbSyn2 bound to a peptide encompassing the nine C-terminal residues of alpha-synuclein. The NbSyn2:alpha-synuclein interaction is mediated mainly by side-chain interactions while water molecules cross-link the main-chain atoms of alpha-synuclein to atoms of NbSyn2, a feature we believe could be important in intrinsically disordered protein interactions more generally. The aggregation behavior of alpha-synuclein at physiological pH, including the morphology of the resulting fibrillar structures, is remarkably unaffected by the presence of NbSyn2 and indeed we show that NbSyn2 binds strongly to the aggregated as well as to the soluble forms of alpha-synuclein. These results give strong support to the conjecture that the C-terminal region of the protein is not directly involved in the mechanism of aggregation and suggest that binding of NbSyn2 could be a useful probe for the identification of alpha-synuclein aggregation in vitro and possibly in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailNéerlandais / Presse radio
Yans, Baudoin ULg; Engelen, Nicole ULg; Nachtergaele, Lutgarde

Book published by De Boeck Université (2010)

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See detailBovine herpesvirus 4 infection
Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Lefèvre, P. C.; Blancou, J.; Chermette, R. (Eds.) et al Infectious and Parasitic Diseases of Livestock (2010)

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See detailEnseigner la biologie en premier BAC sciences dans le cadre du projet 123...Sciences
Thiry, Marc ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2010)

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See detailLe dilemme de Cournot
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente (2010), 135

Cournot, le père fondateur de l'économie mathématique, a écrit son oeuvre dans un langage mathématique, puis, 25 ans plus tard, a reformulé les mêmes idées dans un langage littéraire. Dans cet article ... [more ▼]

Cournot, le père fondateur de l'économie mathématique, a écrit son oeuvre dans un langage mathématique, puis, 25 ans plus tard, a reformulé les mêmes idées dans un langage littéraire. Dans cet article sont comparées ces deux présentations pour un même problème. [less ▲]

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See detailSteel Hollow Columns filled with self compacting Concrete under Fire Conditions
Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg; Chu, Thi Binh; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in The third International Congress and Exhibition - Proceedings Disc (2010)

Concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns can carry important loads and therefore are used extensively in the construction of high-rise buildings. Steel hollow sections are filled usually with ... [more ▼]

Concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns can carry important loads and therefore are used extensively in the construction of high-rise buildings. Steel hollow sections are filled usually with ordinary concrete, but filling problems may arise with small cross sections and dense reinforcement or hollow sections (tubes) surrounding another profile (tube or H section) when the distance between the two profiles is small. For such a configuration, self-compacting concrete can be recommended. Ten columns filled with self-compacting concrete embedding another steel profile have been tested in the Fire Engineering Laboratory of the University of Liege - Belgium. The non linear finite element software SAFIR developed at the University of Liege has been used to simulate the thermal and structural behavior under fire conditions. A good agreement between numerical and experimental results has been obtained. This shows that SAFIR code can predict well the behavior of CFSHS columns and that the properties of self-compacting concrete at high temperatures can be considered to be the same as those of ordinary concrete. Another purpose of this study was to give practical tools to consulting engineers. [less ▲]

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See detailCinéma et vidéo : utopie et réalité.
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in Delhalle, Nancy; Dubois, Jacques; Klinkenberg, Jean-Marie (Eds.) Le tournant des années 1970 : Liège en effervescence (2010)

The birth of cinema and video in Liège (Belgium) during the seventies

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See detailNuclear Export Control in the European Union
Michel, Quentin ULg

Learning material (2010)

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See detailEnquêtes sectorielles: complément ou substitut de l'action des autorités de concurrence? Le "couteau suisse" du droit européen de la concurrence?
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Lousberg, Charlotte ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2010), (2), 19-28

The present article seeks to determine whether sector inquiries are a “substitute” or a "complement” to conventional competition enforcement techniques. The analysis shows that not unlike a “Swiss knife” ... [more ▼]

The present article seeks to determine whether sector inquiries are a “substitute” or a "complement” to conventional competition enforcement techniques. The analysis shows that not unlike a “Swiss knife”, sector inquiries constitute a convenient, multifunctional tool, which serves a variety of purposes. Sector inquiries indeed entitle the Commission to (i) lower the minimal procedural requirements which must be met to launch investigations; (ii) extend the substantive scope of its inquiries beyond mere infringements to Article 101 and 102 TFEU; and (iii) incentivize firms to spontaneously comply with the antitrust rules. In light, however, of a number of shortcomings arising from the Commission’s sector inquiries’ practice, this article formulates several “best practices” (which are also relevant for other competition authorities with similar powers). [less ▲]

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See detailL'engagement est-il soluble dans les médias ?
Jacquemain, Marc ULg; Italiano, Patrick ULg; Matagne, Geoffroy ULg

in Jacquemain, Marc; Delwit, Pascal (Eds.) Engagements actuels actualité des engagements (2010)

The paper shows that if television is globally a deterrent of public involvement (but not at the level often supposed by social scientists), reading newspaper fosters involvement and Internet is more ... [more ▼]

The paper shows that if television is globally a deterrent of public involvement (but not at the level often supposed by social scientists), reading newspaper fosters involvement and Internet is more ambiguous. [less ▲]

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See detailVertical distribution of ammonia-oxidizing crenarchaeota and methanogens in the epipelagic waters of Lake Kivu (Rwanda-Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Llirós, M.; Gich, F.; Plasencia, A. et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (2010), 76(20), 6853-6863

Four stratified basins in Lake Kivu (Rwanda-Democratic Republic of theCongo) were sampled in March 2007 to investigate the abundance,distribution, and potential biogeochemical role of planktonic archaea ... [more ▼]

Four stratified basins in Lake Kivu (Rwanda-Democratic Republic of theCongo) were sampled in March 2007 to investigate the abundance,distribution, and potential biogeochemical role of planktonic archaea. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization with catalyzed-reported deposition microscopic counts (CARD-FISH), denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprinting, and quantitative PCR (qPCR) of signature genes for ammonia-oxidizingarchaea (16S rRNA for marine Crenarchaeota group 1.1a [MCG1] and ammonia monooxygenase subunit A [amoA]). Abundance of archaea ranged from 1 to 4.5% of total DAPI (4'6- diamidino-2-phenylindole) counts with maximal concentrations at theoxic-anoxic transition zone (∼50-m depth). Phylogenetic analysis of the archaeal planktonic community revealed a higher level of richnessof crenarchaeal 16S rRNA gene sequences (21 of the 28 operational taxonomic units [OTUs] identified [75%]) over euryarchaeotal ones (7 OTUs). Sequences affiliated with the kingdom Euryarchaeota were mainly recovered from the anoxic water compartment and mostly grouped into methanogenic lineages (Methanosarcinales and Methanocellales). In turn, crenarchaeal phylotypes were recovered throughout the sampled epipelagic waters (0- to 100-m depth), with clear phylogenetic segregation along the transition from oxic to anoxic water masses. Thus, whereas in the anoxic hypolimnion crenarchaeotal OTUs were mainly assigned to the miscellaneous crenarchaeotic group, the OTUs from the oxic-anoxic transition and above belonged to Crenarchaeota groups 1.1a and 1.1b, two lineages containing most of the ammonia-oxidizing representatives known so far. The concomitant vertical distribution of both nitrite and nitrate maxima and the copy numbers of both MCG1 16S rRNA and amoA genes suggest the potential implication of Crenarchaeota in nitrification processes occurring in the epilimnetic waters of the lake. © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. [less ▲]

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See detailNéerlandais Presse Radio
Nachtergaele, Lutgarde ULg; Yans, Baudoin ULg; Engelen, Nicole ULg

Book published by De Boeck Université (2010)

method to improve the listening comprehension for the Dutch language (advanced level) - methode om de luistervaardigheid te verbeteren (de methode is gebaseerd op uitzendingen van de Vlaamse en ... [more ▼]

method to improve the listening comprehension for the Dutch language (advanced level) - methode om de luistervaardigheid te verbeteren (de methode is gebaseerd op uitzendingen van de Vlaamse en Nederlandse radio) [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation of xanthan gum production by palm date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) juice by-products using response surface methodology
Ben Salah, Riadh; Chaari, Kacem; Besbes, Souhail et al

in Food Chemistry (2010), 121(2), 627-633

The present study was undertaken investigate and optimise the possibility of xanthan gum production by Xanthomonas campestris NRRL B-1459 in batch experiments on date palm juice by-products. Using an ... [more ▼]

The present study was undertaken investigate and optimise the possibility of xanthan gum production by Xanthomonas campestris NRRL B-1459 in batch experiments on date palm juice by-products. Using an experimental Response Surface Methodology complemented with a Central Composite Orthogonal Design, three major independent variables (date juice carbon source, nitrogen source and temperature) were evaluated for their individual and interactive effects on biomass and xanthan gum production. The optimal conditions selected were: 84.68 g/l for carbon source, 2.7 g/l for nitrogen source, and 30.1 degrees C for temperature. The experimental value obtained for xanthan production under these conditions was about 43.35 g/l, which was close to the 42.96 g/l value predicted by the model. Higher yields of biomass production could be obtained at 46.68 g/l for carbon source, 4.58 g/l for nitrogen source and 30 degrees C for temperature. The maximum value obtained for biomass production was 3.35 g/l, which was higher than the 2.98 g/l value predicted by the model. The xanthan formed was subjected to HPLC and TLC analyses and its molecular weight as well as pyruvate content were identified. The findings indicated that this polysaccharide contained glucose, glucoronic acid and mannose. Overall, the date palm juice by-products presented in the current study seem to exhibit promising properties that can open new pathways for the production of efficient and cost-effective xanthan gum. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAblatif absolu et effacement de l'agent en latin
Longrée, Dominique ULg

in Daviet-Taylor, F, Bottineau, D (Ed.) L’impersonnel. La personne, le verbe, la voix : du partage des fonctions et de leur sémantisme dans les (2010)

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