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See detailWhich rules shape EU's external governance? The patterns of rule selection in foreign and security policies
Barbé, Esther; Costa, Oriol; Herranz-Surrallés, Anna et al

in Lavenex, Sandra; Schimmelfennig, Frank (Eds.) EU External Governance: Projecting EU Rules beyond Membership (2010)

This article addresses a particular aspect of EU external governance: rule selection. Drawing on institutionalist and power-based explanations we put forward an account for the choice of the specific ... [more ▼]

This article addresses a particular aspect of EU external governance: rule selection. Drawing on institutionalist and power-based explanations we put forward an account for the choice of the specific rules that guide policy convergence between the EU and third countries. The proposed analytical framework broadens the scope of the studies examining the externalization of EU rules beyond its borders, in that we claim that the EU can promote policy convergence using rules other than the EU's. More specifically, the EU also promotes policy convergence on the basis of international and bilaterally developed rules. These analytical claims for explaining rule selection are checked against empirical data. We compare policy convergence between the EU and four neighbouring countries (Morocco, Ukraine, Georgia, and Russia) in three subfields within foreign and security policy: foreign policy dialogue, control of export of dual-use goods in the context of non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and crisis management. [less ▲]

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See detailLes modèles etiologiques de la dépression
Desseilles, Martin ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2010), 110(4), 34-42

La dépression est une maladie psychique fréquente, récurrente et invalidante pour la personne qui en souffre et son entourage. En deux siècles de psychiatrie, l’étiologie exacte de la dépression reste ... [more ▼]

La dépression est une maladie psychique fréquente, récurrente et invalidante pour la personne qui en souffre et son entourage. En deux siècles de psychiatrie, l’étiologie exacte de la dépression reste inconnue. C’est pourquoi différentes hypothèses étiologiques ont été et sont toujours proposées. Cette revue a pour but de présenter différent modèles étiologiques de la dépression : le modèle psychanalytique, le modèle comportemental et les théories environnementales, le modèle cognitif, le modèle systémique, le modèle biologique et neuropsychologique, et le modèle éthologique. [less ▲]

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See detailA new type of cubic-stacked layer structure in anthoinite, AlWO3(OH3)
Grey, I.; Madsen, I.; Mills et al

in American Mineralogist (2010), 95

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See detailIntroduction : migration and ethnic studies in Europe
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Rath, Jan

in Martiniello, Marco; Rath, Jan (Eds.) Selected Studies in International Migration and Immigrant Incorporation (2010)

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See detailL’édition pour la jeunesse en Belgique francophone : de la nécessité faite vertu à la mondialisation
Habrand, Tanguy ULg

in Pinhas, Luc; Foucault, Jean; Manson, Michel (Eds.) L'édition de jeunesse francophone face à la mondialisation (2010)

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See detailLes défis du droit romain et du droit privé comparé
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Gosselin, Antoinette; Langevin, Caroline; Wautelet, Patrick (Eds.) L'avenir de la recherche: Réflexions à l'occasion des leçons inaugurales 2010 (2010)

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See detailSignspeak--understanding, recognition, and translation of sign languages
Dreuw, Philippe; Forster, Jens; Gweth, Yannick et al

in 4th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Corpora and Sign Language Technologies (2010)

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See detailAnxiety in adult female mice following perinatal exposure to chlorpyrifos.
Braquenier, Jean-Baptiste; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg et al

in Neurotoxicology & Teratology (2010), 32

Epidemiologic studies suggested a possible link between prenatal exposure to organophosphate insecticides (OP) and long-term mental delay and some behavioral troubles. Experimental studies in rats and ... [more ▼]

Epidemiologic studies suggested a possible link between prenatal exposure to organophosphate insecticides (OP) and long-term mental delay and some behavioral troubles. Experimental studies in rats and mice have confirmed that a relatively short exposure to low doses of OP such as chlorpyrifos (CPF) during specific perinatal periods decreased anxiety-like behaviors. In the present study, we report that chronic perinatal exposure (GD15-PND14) to low doses of CPF leads to an increase (and not a decrease) in anxiety-like behaviors of female mouse offspring. Pregnant or lactating female mice were exposed to CPF (0.2; 1; or 5 mg/kg day) by oral treatment during 18 consecutive days. Following a recovery period of several weeks, the anxiety of adult female offspring was determined using neurobehavioral tests (elevated plus-maze and light/dark box tests). Our results showed that CPF-exposed female offspring were more anxious than controls. In addition, the magnitude of anxiety profile alterations depended on the level of exposure to CPF during gestation and lactation with a maximal effect observed at the 1 mg/kg day dose. Our results confirm that OP exposure during the perinatal period can induce long-term alterations in mouse anxiety-like behaviors and suggest that the routes of administration and the duration of OP exposure during brain development may be factors to consider when studying the development of anxiety. [less ▲]

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See detailOn a class of micromechanical damage models with initial stresses for geomaterials
Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg et al

in Mechanics Research Communications (2010), 37

In this paper, we extend a class of micromechanical damage models by including initial stresses. The proposed approach is based on the solution of the Eshelby inhomogeneous inclusion problem in the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we extend a class of micromechanical damage models by including initial stresses. The proposed approach is based on the solution of the Eshelby inhomogeneous inclusion problem in the presence of a prestress (in the matrix), adapted for elastic voided media. The closed form expression of the corresponding energy potential is used as the basis of various isotropic damage models corresponding to three standard homogenization schemes. These models are illustrated by considering isotropic tensile loadings with different initial stresses. Finally, still in the isotropic context, we provide an interpretation of the macroscopic damage model formulated by Halm-Dragon (1996) by briefly connecting it to the present study. [less ▲]

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See detailHydro-mechanical modelling of the Excavation Damaged Zone around an underground excavation at Mont Terri Rock Laboratory
Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Frieg, Bernd et al

in International Journal of Rock Mechanics & Mining Sciences (2010), 47(3), 414-425

A zone with significant irreversible deformations and significant changes in flow and transport properties is expected to be formed in indurated clay around underground excavations. The stress ... [more ▼]

A zone with significant irreversible deformations and significant changes in flow and transport properties is expected to be formed in indurated clay around underground excavations. The stress perturbation around the excavation could lead to a significant increase of the permeability, related to diffuse and/or localized crack propagation in the material. The main objective of the study is to model these processes at large scale in order to assess their impacts on the performance of radioactive waste geological repositories. This paper concerns more particularly the hydro-mechanical modelling of a long term dilatometer experiment performed in Mont Terri Rock Laboratory in Switzerland within the Selfrac Project. The proposed model defines the permeability as a function of the aperture of the cracks that are generated during the excavation. With this model, the permeability tensor becomes anisotropic. Advantages and drawbacks of this approach are described thanks to the results of the Selfrac long term dilatometer experiment. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-molecular-weight heparin dosage in newborn foals.
Armengou, L.; Monreal, L.; Delgado, M. A. et al

in Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2010), 24(5), 1190-5

BACKGROUND: Heparin is used in humans as prophylaxis of hypercoagulable states and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, babies need a higher heparin dose than do adults. Septic neonate ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Heparin is used in humans as prophylaxis of hypercoagulable states and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). However, babies need a higher heparin dose than do adults. Septic neonate foals are at high risk of hypercoagulable state and DIC, and there is limited objective information about heparin dose for equine neonates. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether neonate foals require higher dosages of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) than adults. ANIMALS: Eighteen healthy and 11 septic neonate foals. METHODS: Experimental and clinical studies. Firstly, healthy foals were randomly distributed in 2 groups, 1 receiving 50 IU/kg SC of dalteparin and the 2nd group receiving 100 IU/kg SC of dalteparin, once daily for 3 days. Blood samples were collected before and 3, 6, 27, and 51 hours after the 1st LMWH administration. Plasma antifactor-Xa activity was measured, together with hemostatic and hematologic parameters used to assess the risk of bleeding. Subsequently, septic foals were treated blindly either with placebo (saline) or 100 IU/kg of dalteparin for 3 days. Plasma antifactor-Xa activity and other hemostatic parameters were determined before and after treatment. RESULTS: Plasma antifactor-Xa activity in healthy foals was below prophylactic activity when using the adult dosage (50 IU/kg), whereas prophylactic activities were achieved when using the double dosage (100 IU/kg). No hemorrhagic events and erythrocyte-related complications were observed with either dosage. In the clinical study, only 4/6 septic foals had plasma antifactor-Xa activity adequate for prophylaxis. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Equine neonates require higher dosages of LMWH compared with adults to reach prophylactic heparinemia. [less ▲]

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See detailBrainstem specific warping improves locus coeruleus functional imaging in humans
Balteau, Evelyne ULg; Schmidt, Christina ULg; Maquet, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ... Scientific Meeting and Exhibition. International Society For Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. Scientific Meeting and Exhibition (2010)

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See detailExplicit Solution to the Full Nonlinear Problem for Satellite Formation-keeping
Cho, Hancheol ULg; Udwadia, Firdaus

in Acta Astronautica (2010), 67(3-4), 369-387

This paper presents simple and exact formation-keeping guidance schemes that use a new method that is rooted in some recent advances in analytical dynamics. As a result of this new approach, explicit ... [more ▼]

This paper presents simple and exact formation-keeping guidance schemes that use a new method that is rooted in some recent advances in analytical dynamics. As a result of this new approach, explicit control inputs to exactly maintain a given formation configuration are easily determined using continuous thrust propulsion systems. The complete nonlinear problem is addressed, and no linearizations and/or approximations are made. The approach provides a marked improvement over existing results in that the control forces, which cause geometric formation-keeping constraints to be exactly satisfied for arbitrary reference orbits, are found in closed form. For Keplerian reference orbits, a much simpler and explicit expression for the control needed to exactly satisfy formation-keeping constraints than hereto available is obtained. The paper also includes explicit control results when the follower is inserted into orbit with incorrect initial conditions, as usually happens in practice. The Hill reference frame, which is often more intuitive for formation-keeping, is used in the analysis. While this paper takes an example of a projected circular formation, the methodology that is developed can be applied to any desired configuration or orbital requirements. Extensive computational simulations are performed to demonstrate the ease of implementation, and the numerical accuracy provided by the approach developed herein. [less ▲]

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See detailThe California Verbal Learning Test and other standard clinical neuropsychological tests to predict conversion from mild memory impairment to dementia.
Lekeu, Françoise ULg; Magis, Delphine ULg; Marique, Patricia et al

in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (2010), 20

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See detailUveal inflammation in septic newborn foals.
Leiva, M.; Pena, T.; Armengou, L. et al

in Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2010), 24(2), 391-7

BACKGROUND: Septicemia in humans is described as a leading cause of uveitis, which eventually can induce blindness. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Uveal inflammatory findings could be related to sepsis severity ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Septicemia in humans is described as a leading cause of uveitis, which eventually can induce blindness. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Uveal inflammatory findings could be related to sepsis severity in newborn foals and might be used as an indirect indicator for survival. ANIMALS: Seventy-four septic foals, 54 nonseptic foals, and 42 healthy foals. METHODS: Prospective observational clinical study. A detailed blinded, ophthalmic examination was performed by boarded ophthalmologists on all admitted newborn foals. Foals were grouped as septic (when blood culture resulted positive or the sepsis score was > or =14), nonseptic, and controls. Based on blood culture results, the septic group was subdivided into bacteremic and nonbacteremic foals. RESULTS: Blood culture was performed in 62/74 septic foals, from which 35 (56%) were bacteremic and 27 (44%) were non-bacteremic. Anterior uveitis was diagnosed in a significantly (P < .005) higher number of septic/bacteremic foals (14/35, 40%) than in septic/nonbacteremic foals (5/27, 19%), nonseptic foals (4/54, 7%), and control foals (0%). Anterior chamber fibrin was only observed in 4/14 (29%) septic/bacteremic foals with anterior uveitis. Anterior uveitis was also associated with posterior uveitis in 6/35 (19%) septic/bacteremic foals. The diagnosis of uveitis was related to nonsurvival (P = .001, odds ratio = 6.2, 95% confidence interval = 2.1-18.2). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Anterior uveitis is highly prevalent in septic newborn foals, especially in those with a positive blood culture, and it should be considered as a survival prognostic factor. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cycle de Guillaume d’Orange ou les Aliscans rajeunis
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Cazanave, Caroline; Houssais, Yvon (Eds.) Grands textes du Moyen Âge à l'usage des petits (2010)

Examen d'une douzaine de versions de récritures de la geste de Guillaume d'Orange parues entre 1905 et 1995 et destinées à la jeunesse

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