References of "2010"
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See detailAntibubble lifetime: influence of the bulk viscosity and of the surface modulus of the mixture
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULiege; Delhalle, René ULiege; Dujardin, Julien ULiege et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2010)

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See detailGuidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation: the Task Force for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).
Camm, A John; Kirchhof, Paulus; Lip, Gregory Y H et al

in Europace : European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology : Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2010), 12(10), 1360-420

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See detailComparison of active and electrostimulated recovery strategies after fatiguing exercise
Vanderthommen, Marc ULiege; Makrof, Souleyma; Demoulin, Christophe ULiege

in Journal of Sports Science & Medicine (2010), 9

The purpose of this study was to compare an electrostimulated to an active recovery strategy after a submaximal isometric fatiguing exercise. Nineteen healthy men completed three sessions (separated by at ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to compare an electrostimulated to an active recovery strategy after a submaximal isometric fatiguing exercise. Nineteen healthy men completed three sessions (separated by at least 4 weeks) which included a knee extensors provocation exercise consisting of 3 sets of 25 isometric contractions. Contraction intensity level was fixed respectively at 60%, 55% and 50% of previously determined maximal voluntary contraction for the first, second and third sets. This provocation exercise was followed by either an active (AR) recovery (25 min pedaling on a cycle ergometer), an electrostimulated (ESR) recovery (25-min continuous and nontetanic (5 Hz) stimulation of the quadriceps) or a strictly passive recovery (PR). Peak torques of knee extensors and subjective perception of muscle pain (VAS, 0-10) were evaluated before (pre-ex), immediately after the provocation exercise (post-ex), after the recovery period (post-rec), as well as 75 minutes (1h15) and one day (24h) after the exercise bout. Time course of peak torque was similar among the different recovery modes: ~ 75% of initial values at post-ex, ~ 90% at post-rec and at 1h15. At 24h, peak torque reached a level close to baseline values (PR: 99.1 ± 10.7%, AR: 105.3 ± 12.2%, ESR: 104.4 ± 10.5%). VAS muscle pain scores decreased rapidly between post-ex and postrec (p < 0.001); there were no significant differences between the three recovery modes (p = 0.64). In conclusion, following a submaximal isometric knee extension exercise, neither electrostimulated nor active recovery strategies significantly improved the time course of muscle function recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailLeadership et genre : regard croisé de la gestion et de la psychanalyse
Cornet, Annie ULiege; Cadalen, Sophie

in Gazette Cournot (La) (2010), 47

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See detailShould patients under long-term anti-TNF therapies be followed for tuberculosis contamination?
Reenaers, Catherine ULiege; Belaiche, Jacques ULiege; Louis, Edouard ULiege

in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2010), 16(8), 1271-2

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See detailLes successions d'entreprises en region wallonne
Douny, Raphaël ULiege

in Manuel de planification patrimoniale (2010)

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See detailModeling of a Magnetic Shunt and an Aluminum Screen Using the Perturbation Finite Element Method
Ferreira da Luz, Mauricio V.; Dular, Patrick ULiege; V Sabariego, Ruth ULiege et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010)

In this paper the perturbation technique is developed for modeling of the magnetic shunt and an aluminum screen in large power transformers. The problem is first studied using either a simplified ... [more ▼]

In this paper the perturbation technique is developed for modeling of the magnetic shunt and an aluminum screen in large power transformers. The problem is first studied using either a simplified analytical or a finite element model. A more elaborated model is then defined to take into account its structural details. The calculation of iron losses and of the minimum clearance between bus bars leading current and magnetizable steel parts for a frequency range is performed. The modeling takes into account the eddy currents in magnetic shunt laminations due to the magnetic field in the shunt. [less ▲]

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See detailDe novo lipogenesis protects cancer cells from free radicals and chemotherapeutics by promoting membrane lipid saturation.
Rysman, Evelien; Brusselmans, Koen; Scheys, Katryn et al

in Cancer Research (2010), 70(20), 8117-26

Activation of de novo lipogenesis in cancer cells is increasingly recognized as a hallmark of aggressive cancers and has been implicated in the production of membranes for rapid cell proliferation. In the ... [more ▼]

Activation of de novo lipogenesis in cancer cells is increasingly recognized as a hallmark of aggressive cancers and has been implicated in the production of membranes for rapid cell proliferation. In the current report, we provide evidence that this activation has a more profound role. Using a mass spectrometry-based phospholipid analysis approach, we show that clinical tumor tissues that display the lipogenic phenotype show an increase in the degree of lipid saturation compared with nonlipogenic tumors. Reversal of the lipogenic switch in cancer cells by treatment with the lipogenesis inhibitor soraphen A or by targeting lipogenic enzymes with small interfering RNA leads to a marked decrease in saturated and mono-unsaturated phospholipid species and increases the relative degree of polyunsaturation. Because polyunsaturated acyl chains are more susceptible to peroxidation, inhibition of lipogenesis increases the levels of peroxidation end products and renders cells more susceptible to oxidative stress-induced cell death. As saturated lipids pack more densely, modulation of lipogenesis also alters lateral and transversal membrane dynamics as revealed by diffusion of membrane-targeted green fluorescent protein and by the uptake and response to doxorubicin. These data show that shifting lipid acquisition from lipid uptake toward de novo lipogenesis dramatically changes membrane properties and protects cells from both endogenous and exogenous insults. These findings provide important new insights into the role of de novo lipogenesis in cancer cells, and they provide a rationale for the use of lipogenesis inhibitors as antineoplastic agents and as chemotherapeutic sensitizers. [less ▲]

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See detailGuided vortex motion and vortex ratchets in nanostructured superconductors
Silhanek, Alejandro ULiege; Van de Vondel, J.; Moshchalkov, V.V.

in Moshchalkov, V.V.; Woerdenweber, R.; Lang, W. (Eds.) Nanoscience and Engineering in Superconductivity (2010)

In type II superconductors, an external magnetic field can partially penetrate into the superconducting phase in the form of magnetic flux lines or vortices. The repulsive interaction between vortices ... [more ▼]

In type II superconductors, an external magnetic field can partially penetrate into the superconducting phase in the form of magnetic flux lines or vortices. The repulsive interaction between vortices makes them to arrange in a triangular lattice, known as Abrikosov vortex lattice. This periodic vortex distribution is very fragile and can be easily distorted by introducing pinning centers such as local alterations of the superconducting condensate density. The dominant role of the vortex-pinning site interaction not only permits to control the static vortex patterns and to enhance the maximum dissipationless current sustainable by the superconducting material but also allows one to gain control on the dynamics of vortices. Among the ultimate motivations behind the manipulation of the vortex motion are the better performance of superconductor-based devices by reducing the noise in superconducting quantum interference-based systems, development of superconducting terahertz emitters, reversiblemanipulation of local field distribution through flux lenses, or even providing a way to predefine the optical transmission through the system. In this chapter, we discuss two relevant mechanisms used in most envisaged fluxonics devices, namely the guidance of vortices through predefined paths and the rectification of the average vortex motion. The former can be achieved with any sort of confinement potential such as local depletion of the order parameter or local enhancements of the current density. In contrast, rectification effects result from the lack of inversion symmetry of the pinning landscape which tends to favor the vortex flow in one particular direction. We also discuss a new route for further flexibility and tunability of these fluxonics components by introducing ferromagnetic pinning centers interacting with vortices via their magnetic stray field. [less ▲]

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See detailDe l’alliance franco-lombarde à l’alliance franco-pontificale : Sur la mention de l’appel de Grégoire III (739) dans l’historiographie carolingienne
Close, Florence ULiege

in Francia. 1, Mittelalter (2010), 37(1), 1-24

Vers 739, le pape Grégoire III lança à Charles Martel un vibrant appel à l’aide pour qu’il délivrât Rome des Lombards qui assiégeaient la ville. Il lui aurait proposé, en retour, de se détourner de la ... [more ▼]

Vers 739, le pape Grégoire III lança à Charles Martel un vibrant appel à l’aide pour qu’il délivrât Rome des Lombards qui assiégeaient la ville. Il lui aurait proposé, en retour, de se détourner de la protection byzantine pour s’en remettre à celle des Francs. Le maire du palais éluda cette requête ; l’épisode est bien connu. Les sources, relativement nombreuses pour l’époque, trahissent, cependant, le malaise des historiographes carolingiens appelés à commémorer l’événement. Après un rappel synthétique du contexte politique et religieux international dans lequel fut lancé cet appel à l’aide, passant en revue les témoignages de la première continuation de la chronique de Frédégaire, des Annales Mettenses Priores, du Codex Carolinus et du Liber Pontificalis, l'auteur souligne les divergences d’interprétation de l’événement à Rome et en Francia sous le règne de Charlemagne. Cet article propose quelques réflexions sur cette évolution de la perception et de l’interprétation de cet appel de 739, première tentative avortée d’alliance franco-pontificale. [less ▲]

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See detailThe second European evidence-based Consensus on the diagnosis and management of Crohn's disease: Definitions and diagnosis.
Van Assche, Gert; Dignass, Axel; Panes, Julian et al

in Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis [=JCC] (2010), 4(1), 7-27

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See detailRole of wild animals in epidemiology of paratuberculosis
Linden, Annick ULiege

in Paratuberculosis of ruminants (2010)

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See detailLe système de contrôle du chant des passériformes : un modèle d’étude de la plasticité neuronale
Boseret, Géraldine ULiege; Beckers, Jean-François ULiege

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2010), 154(1), 48-60

In many songbirds species, wherein we can find the domestic canary (Serinus canaria), singing is generally produced either to defend a territory or to attract a mate. The Song Control System is a neural ... [more ▼]

In many songbirds species, wherein we can find the domestic canary (Serinus canaria), singing is generally produced either to defend a territory or to attract a mate. The Song Control System is a neural specialization, mostly located in telencephalic regions of the brain and associated to the control of song learning, perception and production. External factors such as testosterone (T), photoperiod and social cues have been described to modulate singing behaviour. Parallel to the song behaviour, some of the song control system nuclei (HVC, RA and Area X) demonstrate a puzzling amount of seasonal plasticity. Their volumes varies seasonally based on changes in cell spacing, neuropile size, dendritic arborisation and in the case on the nidopallial nucleus HVC on the incorporation of newborn neurons. We present here a review of this curious phenomenon of adult neuroplasticity associated to a complex behaviour, which doesn’t occur as far as we know in the mammalian adult brain [less ▲]

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See detailDouble emulsion in a compound droplet
Terwagne, Denis ULiege; gilet, tristan; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULiege et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2010), 365(1-3), 178

A compound drop is made of a millimetric water drop encapsulated in an oil shell. They are obtained by merging one drop of each component (water and oil). Afterwards, they are laid on a high viscosity oil ... [more ▼]

A compound drop is made of a millimetric water drop encapsulated in an oil shell. They are obtained by merging one drop of each component (water and oil). Afterwards, they are laid on a high viscosity oil bath which is vertically vibrated. When the forcing acceleration is higher than a given threshold Γth, compound drops can bounce on the surface. We show that above a second threshold Γe > Γth some oil contained in the shell enters in the inner water droplet forming a stable double emulsion. [less ▲]

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See detailDroit médical et biomédical
Genicot, Gilles ULiege

Book published by Larcier (2010)

Le droit médical et biomédical belge se présente en 2010 sous la forme d'un ensemble de textes modernes, équilibrés et respectueux de la personne, dont les droits fondamentaux sont mis au premier plan. Au ... [more ▼]

Le droit médical et biomédical belge se présente en 2010 sous la forme d'un ensemble de textes modernes, équilibrés et respectueux de la personne, dont les droits fondamentaux sont mis au premier plan. Au cours de la dernière décennie, appuyé par une jurisprudence et une doctrine progressistes, le législateur s'est employé à redessiner les contours juridiques de la relation de soins et des divers actes dont le corps humain peut faire l'objet, dans un but thérapeutique ou scientifique. Si certaines inquiétudes demeurent, l'essentiel est d'affirmer que chacun a la maîtrise de son propre corps, tout en balisant cette prérogative d'indispensables limites juridiques et éthiques. Le droit (bio)médical contemporain combine ainsi l'autonomie de la personne et la protection dont elle doit bénéficier. Le législateur belge a notamment fait oeuvre courageuse et humaniste en concevant la fin de vie sous l'angle de l'autodétermination du malade, plutôt qu'à l'aune des obligations du médecin. Parallèlement, plusieurs interventions de la Cour de cassation ont contribué à clarifier le paysage de la responsabilité médicale, qu'il y aura lieu d'articuler, à l'avenir, avec le nouveau régime plus objectif d'indemnisation des accidents médicaux. L'ouvrage dresse un panorama complet du droit médical et biomédical belge actuel : aspects juridiques de la relation entre médecins et patients, responsabilité médicale et réglementation de diverses interventions corporelles, de la naissance à la mort. Les règles et le raisonnement juridiques qu'il décrit, inspirés par une vision moderne et tolérante, rendent la personne maître de son corps et de son destin, suffisamment protégée contre les abus et toujours libre de ses choix. [less ▲]

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