References of "2010"
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See detailLes médecins scolaires en quête d'une nouvelle identité professionnelle
Govers, Patrick ULg; Saglimbene, Concetta ULg

in Education Santé (2010), (262), 4-6

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See detailRenal transplantation from living related donors: a single center experience in viet nam.
Ledinh, H.; Detry, Olivier ULg; Pham, M. S. et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(10), 4389-91

INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease is a major public health problem in Viet Nam. A cooperative project between the University of Liege, Belgium, and the University of Medicine Pham Ngoc Thach, Ho Chi ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease is a major public health problem in Viet Nam. A cooperative project between the University of Liege, Belgium, and the University of Medicine Pham Ngoc Thach, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, has permitted the establishment of an autonomous program of renal transplantation from living-related donors at the Peoples' Hospital No 115. The aim of this paper was to report the primary results of the project and to draw conclusions for the future. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2004 to July 2008, we performed 33 living-related renal transplantations. Mean ages of donors and recipients were 31.8 +/- 9.5 and 41.6 +/- 13.5 years, respectively. Laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed in 6 donors. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of three drugs associated with induction therapy using anti-interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibody. RESULTS: The 33 donors are in good health at follow-up. Four developed major intra- or postoperative hemorrhage necessitating transfusion, with a surgical re-exploration in 1 donor. Wound infection occurred in 2 donors. Posttransplant recipient and graft survivals at 1 versus 3 years were 82% and 73% versus 82% and 65%, respectively. Eight recipients presented 13 biopsy-proven acute rejection episodes that were reversible in 7, but 1 patient lost his graft due to an irreversible rejection. Two recipients developed cancer. CONCLUSIONS: These initial results have encouraged us to continue the program of renal transplantation from living-related donors. However, they also pointed out the need to develop other donor sources. [less ▲]

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See detailVaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated lesions induces collaboration between natural killer and dendritic cells in vitro.
Langers, Inge ULg; Reschner, Anca ULg; Renoux, Virginie ULg et al

Poster (2010, December)

Cervical cancer, the second most frequent gynaecological malignancy in the world, is caused by infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV). HPV16 and/or 18 are detected in more than 70% of these ... [more ▼]

Cervical cancer, the second most frequent gynaecological malignancy in the world, is caused by infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV). HPV16 and/or 18 are detected in more than 70% of these tumours. Prophylactic HPV-L1 virus like particle (VLP) vaccines are highly efficient to protect against HPV16 and HPV18 infection, but not against established infection. In this context, we study the effect of HPV-VLP on natural killer cells (NK) and on the crosstalk between NK and Dendritic Cells (DC). In order to know if HPV-VLP are able to enter in NK cells, we used fluorescent HPV-VLP with flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. HPV-VLP were internalised more rapidly in NK cells than in DC. They were already detected inside NK cells after 10 min of contact at 37°C. We also observed in CD107 assays, that HPV-VLP induce degranulation of NK cytotoxic granules. Previous works have shown that HPV-VLP were able to activate DC. We confirmed these results and observed an increase of CD69 cell surface expression and IFN-γ production by NK cells in the presence of DC activated by VLP. Interestingly, NK cells seemed to further activate DC in the presence of VLP as shown by an up-regulation of HLA-DR and CD86 on DC. Moreover, NK cells in the presence of HPV-VLP induced the production of IL12p70, but not the immunosuppressive cytokine IL10. Our results suggest that NK cells could play a role in the activation of DC induced by HPV-VLP during the vaccination against cervical cancer. Supported by the Belgian FNRS-Télévie [less ▲]

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See detailContribution of donors after cardiac death to the deceased donor pool: 2002 to 2009 university of liege experience.
Ledinh, H.; Meurisse, Nicolas ULg; Delbouille, Michèle ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(10), 4369-72

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have evaluated the organ procurement and transplantation activity from donors after cardiac death (DCD) at our institution over an 8-year period. Our aim was to determine ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have evaluated the organ procurement and transplantation activity from donors after cardiac death (DCD) at our institution over an 8-year period. Our aim was to determine whether this program influenced transplantation programs, or donation after brain death (DBD) activity. METHODS: We prospectively collected our procurement and transplantation statistics in a database for retrospective review. RESULTS: We observed an increasing trend in potential and actual DCD number. The mean conversion rate turning potential into effective donors was 58.1%. DCD accounted for 16.6% of the deceased donor (DD) pool over 8 years. The mean age for effective DCD donors was 53.9 years (range, 3-79). Among the effective donors, 63.3% (n = 31) came from the transplant center and 36.7% (n = 18) were referred from collaborative hospitals. All donors were Maastricht III category. The number of kidney and liver transplants using DCD sources tended to increase. DCD kidney transplants represented 10.8% of the DD kidney pool and DCD liver transplants made up 13.9% of the DD liver pool over 8 years. The DBD program activity increased in the same time period. In 2009, 17 DCD and 33 DBD procurements were performed in a region with a little >1 million inhabitants. CONCLUSION: The establishment of a DCD program in our institution enlarged the donor pool and did not compromise the development of the DBD program. In our experience, DCD are a valuable source for abdominal organ transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic Susceptibility, Correlations and Paleozoic Environments
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

Book published by Geologica Belgica (2010)

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See detailBressol et Chaverot: la non décision de la Cour de Justice de l'UE
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2010), 42

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See detailSustainable social enterprise : model and development strategy
Phang, Hanam; Eum, Hyung Sik ULg

Report (2010)

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See detailPrécis de néonatologie
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Book (2010)

précis de néonatologie pour la pratique courante de néonatolgoie intermédiare

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See detailSatellite Accounts for Cooperatives and Mutuals in Belgium. First elaboration (SATACBEL)
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Ben Sedrine, Wafa; Sak, Barbara

Report (2010)

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See detailA GPS/GNSS dense network used to monitor ionospheric positioning error
Wautelet, Gilles ULg; Lejeune, Sandrine; Warnant, René ULg

Poster (2010, December)

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de G. Sena Chiesa (dir.), Gemme dei Civici Musei d’Arte di Verona
Veymiers, Richard ULg

in Bryn Mawr Classical Review [=BMCR] (2010), 2010.12.33

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See detailConsensus in non-commutative spaces
Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; Sarlette, Alain ULg; Rouchon, Pierre

in Proceedings of the 49th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2010, December)

Convergence analysis of consensus algorithms is revisited in the light of the Hilbert distance. The Lyapunov function used in the early analysis by Tsitsiklis is shown to be the Hilbert distance to ... [more ▼]

Convergence analysis of consensus algorithms is revisited in the light of the Hilbert distance. The Lyapunov function used in the early analysis by Tsitsiklis is shown to be the Hilbert distance to consensus in log coordinates. Birkhoff theorem, which proves contraction of the Hilbert metric for any positive homogeneous monotone map, provides an early yet general convergence result for consensus algorithms. Because Birkhoff theorem holds in arbitrary cones, we extend consensus algorithms to the cone of positive definite matrices. The proposed generalization finds applications in the convergence analysis of quantum stochastic maps, which are a generalization of stochastic maps to non-commutative probability spaces. [less ▲]

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See detailKalman-filter based decoder in spiking neural networks
Dethier, Julie ULg

Report (2010)

The initial focus of the project is on implementing an existing Kalman-filter based decoder algorithm that controls a 2D computer cursor [GIL2010] into Neurogrids 2D silicon- neuron arrays. Neurogrid ... [more ▼]

The initial focus of the project is on implementing an existing Kalman-filter based decoder algorithm that controls a 2D computer cursor [GIL2010] into Neurogrids 2D silicon- neuron arrays. Neurogrid realizes such functions at negligible energetic cost [BOA2010]. This document gives the necessary background for a Kalman-filter based decoder implementation in a spiking neurl network (SNN). [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time synchronization feedbacks for single-atom frequency standards: V- and Lambda-structure systems
Mirrahimi, Mazyar; Sarlette, Alain ULg; Rouchon, Pierre

in Proceedings of the 49th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2010, December)

This paper proposes simple feedback loops, inspired from extremum-seeking, that use the photon emission times of a single quantum system following quantum Monte-Carlo trajectories in order to lock in real ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes simple feedback loops, inspired from extremum-seeking, that use the photon emission times of a single quantum system following quantum Monte-Carlo trajectories in order to lock in real time a probe frequency to the system’s transition frequency. Two specific settings are addressed: a 3-level system coupling one ground to two excited states (one highly unstable and one metastable) and a 3-level system coupling one excited to two ground states (both metastable). Analytical proofs and simulations show the accurate and robust convergence of probe frequency to system-transition frequency in the two cases. [less ▲]

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See detailDa Crono agli eroi. Ordine e disordine, violenza e homonoia nelle Argonautiche di Apollonio Rodio
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Andò, Valeria; Cusumano, Nicola (Eds.) Come bestie? Forme e paradossi della violenza tra mondo antico e disagio contemporaneo (2010)

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See detailDiagnosis and Screening for Cytomegalovirus Infection in Pregnant Women in Cuba as Pronostic Markers of Congenital Infection in Newborns: 2007-2008
Kouri, Vivian; Correa, Consuelo B; Verdasquera, Denis et al

in The Pediatrics Infectious Disease Journal (2010), 29(12), 1105-1110

Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has established itself as the most significant cause of congenital infection in the developed world. The objective of this research was prenatal identification of ... [more ▼]

Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has established itself as the most significant cause of congenital infection in the developed world. The objective of this research was prenatal identification of pregnant women at risk for developing active infection due to HCMV as well as to diagnose congenitally infected newborns. Methods: A diagnostic algorithm based on specific immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and, IgG avidity was used to screen serum from 1131 pregnant women enrolled prospectively from 3 municipalities from Havana City, Cuba during 2007–2008. Qualitative multiplex nested PCR and quantitative real time-based PCR testing for HCMV DNA were performed on urine and saliva specimens from women detected with active infection and from their newborns. Results: Most women were seropositive to HCMV (92.7%), with 2.38% (27 women) having active infection. Primary infection was detected in 20 pregnant women (1.77%) while 7 patients (0.62%) had active nonprimary infection. HCMV DNA was detected in specimens from 9 of the 27 pregnant women by both PCR methods. HCMV congenital infection was diagnosed in 12 (1.06%) of the 26 live children born from 25 mothers with active infection, for a vertical transmission rate of 46.2%. Two fetal deaths were reported from 2 women with active infection; furthermore 2 newborns were symptomatic at birth and 2 showed sequelae during the follow-up done until 6 months age. Conclusions: Mothers with active infection during the pregnancy and with HCMV excretion had significant risks, RR = 1.16 and RR = 1.35, respectively, to have congenitally infected children. [less ▲]

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See detailLe mythe de la jeunesse : Sartre et les générations des Trente Glorieuses
Sindaco, Sarah ULg

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailYouths groups’ networks in illegal economy
Witvrouw, Line ULg

Scientific conference (2010, December)

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein and Progesterone Concentrations during Pregnancy Failure in Bedouin Goat from the Southwest of Algeria.
Charallah, Salima; Amirat, Z.; Sulon, Joseph et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2010), 45(6), 213-238

Contents Thirteen female Bedouin goats living in arid land of Algeria Sahara desert were used in this study. These goats were pregnant but they sustained an abortion because of unidentified causes. None ... [more ▼]

Contents Thirteen female Bedouin goats living in arid land of Algeria Sahara desert were used in this study. These goats were pregnant but they sustained an abortion because of unidentified causes. None of the goats showed any signs of general disease. Plasma concentrations of caprine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (cPAGs) and progesterone (P4) were determined during pregnancy using radioimmunoassay. The cPAGs concentration was undetectable (<0.8 ng/ml) throughout the first 2 weeks of gestation. From week 3 after mating, cPAGs concentration was detectable with significant individual variations (p < 0.05) reaching a maximum secretion (436.1 ng/ml). Throughout gestation, cPAGs concentration remained relatively constant but decreased few days before abortion, on an average of 9.2 +/- 1.2 days (n = 11), except for two females where the concentrations decreased later (1-2 days before abortion). One or two peaks of cPAGs concentrations (in 4/13 and in 9/13 females, respectively) have been measured few weeks before abortion (77-124 days after mating), when a decline of cPAGs was detected. The P4 concentration increased after mating, and was high from the first week till the end of pregnancy. The P4 concentration (9.1 +/- 0.9 ng/ml) decreased rapidly (<0.5 ng/ml) after 4 +/- 0.7 days (n = 6) or 9.4 +/- 1.6 days (n = 7) before abortion. A positive relationship (p < 0.01) was found between P4 and cPAGs concentrations during gestation. Results indicate that cPAGs and P4 measurements can be used for monitoring gestation and for abortion prediction. [less ▲]

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See detailFINE-SCALE HABITAT SELECTION BY TWO SPECIALIST WOODPECKERS OCCURRING IN BEECH AND OAK-DOMINATED FORESTS IN SOUTHERN BELGIUM
Delahaye, Laurence; Monticelli, David; Lehaire, François ULg et al

in Ardeola (2010), 57(2), 339-362

We studied the identification of key habitat parameters for two specialist woodpecker species (middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius and lesser spotted woodpecker D. minor) associated with mature ... [more ▼]

We studied the identification of key habitat parameters for two specialist woodpecker species (middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius and lesser spotted woodpecker D. minor) associated with mature broadleaved forests ecosystems in Europe, and the modelling of their specific requirements with a view to assist forest managers. The study was conducted in four beech and oak-dominated forests (Haut-Fays, Halma, Gembes and Croix-Scaille) located in the Ardennes Region of Southern Belgium. The study sites covered a total area of ca. 20 km². A census of woodpecker occurrence (presenceabsence) was implemented from 2000 to 2003 within 255 1-ha plots. Habitat variables describing stand age, tree density, snag density, stand composition and vertical vegetation structure were also sampled at the same plots to develop both logistic and autologistic regression models describing habitat use.Middle spotted woodpecker (MSW) uses the oak-rich locations (mean basal area of 15.6 m²/ha), with selection of areas with the largest, oldest oak trees (mean circumference > 150 cm), and with a high diversity of tree species in the overstory. Similarly, the lesser spotted woodpecker (LSW) was detected in areas presenting the highest percentage cover of oak trees but with a selection of younger stands, with a high density of snags and dead wood (mean of 9 m³/ha). The integration of an autocorrelation term improved model performance for the LSW but not for MSW. Our results highlight the importance of a high disponibility of oak trees for these two sympatric species. The climax forest in northwest Europe is beech so that public and private owners must develop appropriate forest management plans to prevent the conversion of oak to beech forests. In particular, forest managers can promote an active oakregeneration management to obtain a balanced representation of age classes. They must also aim to maintain/increase the volume of dead wood resources by reserving all trees produced by storms or any other cause of natural mortality. [less ▲]

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