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See detailDe la participation au projet à l’implication dans le territoire
Dawance, Sophie ULg; Ribeiro Amélia, De Rijck Kim

Scientific conference (2010, December 01)

Nul ne nie aujourd’hui l’intérêt d’associer les habitants et usagers au processus d’élaboration d’un projet de rénovation de leur quartier. Cependant, force est de constater que les délais et modalités de ... [more ▼]

Nul ne nie aujourd’hui l’intérêt d’associer les habitants et usagers au processus d’élaboration d’un projet de rénovation de leur quartier. Cependant, force est de constater que les délais et modalités de la participation classique ne permettent pas à certains types de public de s’exprimer et ne laissent pas le temps de la maturation et de l’appropriation. Il faut donc inventer des formes d’intervention qui permettent l’implication des habitants dans la ville dans la durée et qui participent à l’émergence d’une véritable culture de la participation. Community land trust, potager collectif, urbanisme temporaire, budgets participatifs… autant de projets qui permettent aux citoyens de devenir acteur et de tisser des liens intimes avec leur territoire. [less ▲]

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See detailInteractions in Massive Binary Systems
Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Prša, Andrej; Zejda, Miloslav (Eds.) Binaries - Key to Comprehension of the Universe (2010, December 01)

In binary systems consisting of two massive stars, the interaction of the powerful stellar winds of the two components produces signatures over a broad range of wavelengths. Many observational and ... [more ▼]

In binary systems consisting of two massive stars, the interaction of the powerful stellar winds of the two components produces signatures over a broad range of wavelengths. Many observational and theoretical studies of this phenomenon have been performed over the last two decades. In very close massive binary systems, mass exchange due to Roche lobe overflow can also occur and the signatures of the two phenomena are sometimes hard to distinguish. In this review, I discuss some recent developments in the study of both phenomena. [less ▲]

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See detailOscillations in rapidly rotating stars
Reese, Daniel ULg

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010, December 01), 331

Spurred by the spectroscopic and interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars and the highly accurate pulsation data coming from asteroseismology space missions, theoreticians have spent many ... [more ▼]

Spurred by the spectroscopic and interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars and the highly accurate pulsation data coming from asteroseismology space missions, theoreticians have spent many years developing models for such stars and studying their oscillations. This has led to the discovery of new phenomena and new types of pulsation modes. In what follows, a review is given of the different methods used to model the effects of rotation on stellar pulsations, as well as a description of these effects on inertial, gravito-inertial, r and acoustic modes. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of solar-type stars with Kepler: III. Ground-based data
Molenda-Żakowicz, J.; Bruntt, H.; Sousa, S. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010), 331

We report on the ground-based follow-up program of spectroscopic and photometric observations of solar-like asteroseismic targets for the Kepler space mission. These stars constitute a large group of more ... [more ▼]

We report on the ground-based follow-up program of spectroscopic and photometric observations of solar-like asteroseismic targets for the Kepler space mission. These stars constitute a large group of more than a thousand objects which are the subject of an intensive study by the Kepler Asteroseismic Science Consortium Working Group 1 (KASC WG-1). In the current work we will discuss the methods we use to determine the fundamental stellar atmospheric parameters using high-quality stellar spectra. These provide essential constraints for the asteroseismic modelling and make it possible to verify the parameters in the Kepler Input Catalogue (KIC). [less ▲]

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See detailGround-based follow-up in relation to Kepler asteroseismic investigation
Uytterhoeven, K.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Bruntt, H. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010), 331

The Kepler space mission, successfully launched in March 2009, is providing continuous and high-precision photometry of thousands of stars simultaneously. The uninterrupted time-series of stars of all ... [more ▼]

The Kepler space mission, successfully launched in March 2009, is providing continuous and high-precision photometry of thousands of stars simultaneously. The uninterrupted time-series of stars of all known pulsation types are a precious source for asteroseismic studies. The Kepler data do not provide information on the physical parameters, such as T_eff, log g, metallicity, and v sin i, which are crucial for successful asteroseismic modelling. Additional ground-based time-series data are needed to characterize mode parameters in several types of pulsating stars. Therefore, ground-based multi-colour photometry and mid/high-resolution spectroscopy are needed to complement the space data. We present ground-based activities within KASC on selected asteroseismic Kepler targets of several pulsation types. Based on observations made with the Isaac Newton Telescope and William Herschel Telescope operated by the Isaac Newton Group, with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated by the Fundación Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica), and with the Mercator telescope, operated by the Flemish Community, all on the island of La Palma at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). Based on observations made with the IAC-80 operated on the island of Tenerife by the IAC at the Spanish Observatorio del Teide. Also based on observations taken at the observatories of Sierra Nevada, San Pedro Mártir, Vienna, Xinglong, Apache Point, Lulin, Tautenburg, McDonald, Skinakas, Pic du Midi, Mauna Kea, Steward Observatory, Mt. Wilson, Białków Observatory of the Wrocław University, Piszkésteto Mountain Station, and Observatoire de Haute Provence. Based on spectra taken at the Loiano (INAF - OA Bologna), Serra La Nave (INAF - OA Catania) and Asiago (INAF - OA Padova) observatories. Also based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). We acknowledge with thanks the variable star observations from the AAVSO International Database contributed by observers worldwide and used in this research. Funding for the Kepler mission is provided by NASA's Science Mission Directorate. We thank the entire Kepler team for the development and operations of this outstanding mission. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of OB stars with CoRoT
Degroote, P.; Aerts, C.; Samadi, R. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010), 331

The CoRoT satellite is revolutionizing the photometric study of massive O-type and B-type stars. During its long runs, CoRoT observed the entire main sequence B star domain, from typical hot β Cep stars ... [more ▼]

The CoRoT satellite is revolutionizing the photometric study of massive O-type and B-type stars. During its long runs, CoRoT observed the entire main sequence B star domain, from typical hot β Cep stars, via cooler hybrid p- and g-mode pulsators to the SPB stars near the edge of the instability strip. CoRoT lowers the sensitivity barrier from the typical mmag-precision reached from the ground, to the μmag-level reached from space. Within the wealth of detected and identified pulsation modes, relations have been found in the form of multiplets, combination of frequencies, and frequency- and period spacings. This wealth of observational evidence is finally providing strong constraints to test current models of the internal structure and pulsations of hot stars. Aside from the expected opacity driven modes with infinite lifetime, other unexpected types of variability are detected in massive stars, such as modes of stochastic nature. The simultaneous observation of all these light curve characteristics implies a challenge for both observational asteroseismology and stellar modelling. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthèse sur l’évolution des paléoenvironnements de l’Afrique occidentale atlantique depuis la fin de la dernière période glaciaire. Influences climatiques et anthropiques.
Assi Kaudjhis, Chimène Cloche M ULg; DIGBEHI, Bruno Zéli; ROCHE, Emile et al

in Revue Internationale de Géologie, de Géographie et d'Ecologie Tropicales (2010), 34

This paper gets together palynological informations issued from 34 sites from Atlantic West Africa for making, with the aid of an exhaustive bibliography, the synthesis of the palaeoecological evolution ... [more ▼]

This paper gets together palynological informations issued from 34 sites from Atlantic West Africa for making, with the aid of an exhaustive bibliography, the synthesis of the palaeoecological evolution of the area during the last 20 000 years. From the collected data, the following progressive process was established: the period going from 20 000 to 15 500 yrs BP, characterized by a maximum of aridity, is marked by an important expansion of savannahs. During the post-glacial transition, between 15 500 and 12 000 yrs BP, an increase of heat and moisture results in the renewal of the Guineo-Congolese rainforest in the lowlands and of the afro-mountainous forest in the highlands. From 8000 to 6000 yrs BP, a wet and warm optimum favours the rise of lakes levels and a wide forests’ expansion. Then, a major change of gradual climatic drying out, recorded towards 4000 yrs BP and extended until 2500 yrs BP allows the retreat of forests and the opening of some clumps. From 2500 yrs BP, the climate evolves gradually towards its current stage, with warmer and wetter characters but it presents a certain instability in touch with the global changes of the last two millennia. Human influence on environment in Atlantic West Africa increases principally from 2000 yrs BP interfering during the last millennium with climate-related events, de effects of which it can mask. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma Motion and Kinematics in Cool and Hot Stars
Güdel, Manuel; Nazé, Yaël ULg

in Space Science Reviews (2010), 157

The environments of both hot and cool stars are the sites of highly dynamic processes involving motion of gas and plasma in winds, flows across shocks, plasma motions in closed magnetic fields, or streams ... [more ▼]

The environments of both hot and cool stars are the sites of highly dynamic processes involving motion of gas and plasma in winds, flows across shocks, plasma motions in closed magnetic fields, or streams along magnetospheric accretion funnels. X-ray spectroscopy has opened new windows toward the study of these processes. Kinematics are evident in line shifts and line broadening, and also more indirectly through the analysis and interpretation of density-sensitive lines. In hot stellar winds, expanding-wind kinematics are directly seen in broadened lines although the broadening has turned out to often be smaller than anticipated, and some lines are so narrow that coronal models have been revived. Although X-ray spectra of cool stars have shown line shifts and broadening due to the kinematics of the entire corona, e.g., in binary systems, intrinsic mass motions are challenging to observe at the presently available resolution. Much indirect evidence for mass motion in magnetic coronae is nevertheless available. And finally, spectral diagnostics has also led to a new picture of X-ray production in accreting pre-main sequence stars where massive accretion flows collide with the photospheric gas, producing shocks in which gas is heated to high temperatures. We summarize evidence for the above mechanisms based on spectroscopic data from XMM-Newton and Chandra. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards ensemble asteroseismology of the young open clusters χ Persei and NGC 6910
Saesen, S.; Pigulski, A.; Carrier, F. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010), 331

As a result of the variability survey in χ Persei and NGC 6910, the number of β Cep stars that are members of these two open clusters is increased to twenty stars, nine in NGC 6910 and eleven in χ Persei ... [more ▼]

As a result of the variability survey in χ Persei and NGC 6910, the number of β Cep stars that are members of these two open clusters is increased to twenty stars, nine in NGC 6910 and eleven in χ Persei. We compare pulsational properties, in particular the frequency spectra, of β Cep stars in both clusters and explain the differences in terms of the global parameters of the clusters. We also indicate that the more complicated pattern of the variability among B-type stars in χ Persei is very likely caused by higher rotational velocities of stars in this cluster. We conclude that the sample of pulsating stars in the two open clusters constitutes a very good starting point for the ensemble asteroseismology of β Cep-type stars and maybe also for other B-type pulsators. [less ▲]

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See detailRank-constrained linear regression: a Riemannian approach
Meyer, Gilles ULg; Bonnabel, Silvère; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

Poster (2010, December)

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See detailRehabilitation in osteoporosis
Bruyère, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings of the annual congress of the Royal Belgian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation medicine (2010, December)

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See detailL'enclave volontaire, une affaire à suivre...
Boufflette, Sophie ULg

in Revue Générale de Droit Civil Belge = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Burgerlijk (2010), (10), 499

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See detailUne identité tranquille
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Article for general public (2010)

L'article défend l'idée que l'identité wallonne s'appuie historiquement sur une revendication sociale plutôt que culturelle: disposer d'une autonomie de gestion pour mener une politique économique plus ... [more ▼]

L'article défend l'idée que l'identité wallonne s'appuie historiquement sur une revendication sociale plutôt que culturelle: disposer d'une autonomie de gestion pour mener une politique économique plus favorable à la région. Cette histoire protège l'identité wallonne de la "passion nationaliste" qui gangrène beaucoup de régions d'Europe et lui donne son contenu spécifique : le consensus social-démocrate. [less ▲]

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See detailOPTIMIZACIÓN DE BIOMATERIALES PARA MODIFICACIÓN DE LA SUPERFICIE CELULAR
Cerda-Cristerna, B.I.; Flores, H; Pozos, A et al

Poster (2010, December)

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See detailOrgan donation in Belgium 2009: 20% of donation after cardiocirculatory death.
Detry, Olivier ULg; Troisi, Roberto

in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(10), 4365-6

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See detailMagnetic Susceptibility, Correlations and Paleozoic Environments
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

Book published by Geologica Belgica (2010)

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