References of "2009"
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See detailCaractère reconnaissable d'ensembles de polynômes à coefficients dans un corps fini
Waxweiler, Laurent ULg

Doctoral thesis (2009)

Nous nous plaçons dans le cadre de l'anneau des polynômes sur un corps fini. Si P est un polynôme de degré au moins 1, tout polynôme Q se décompose de manière unique sous la forme d'une combinaison ... [more ▼]

Nous nous plaçons dans le cadre de l'anneau des polynômes sur un corps fini. Si P est un polynôme de degré au moins 1, tout polynôme Q se décompose de manière unique sous la forme d'une combinaison linéaire de puissances de P, dont les coefficients sont des polynômes dont le degré est strictement inférieur à celui de P. À une telle décomposition, nous associons un mot que nous appelons la P-représentation du polynôme Q. Un ensemble de polynômes est alors qualifié de P-reconnaissable si il existe un automate fini déterministe qui accepte l'ensemble des P-représentations de ses éléments. Dans cette thèse, nous montrons que les ensembles P-reconnaissables sont exactement ceux qui sont définissables par une formule du premier ordre dans une certaine structure S(P) basée sur un prédicat dépendant du polynôme P. Nous donnons aussi une caractérisation des ensembles P-reconnaissables en terme de suites P-automatiques. Nous apportons également une réponse partielle à la question de savoir quels sont les ensembles reconnaissables simultanément dans toutes les bases de degré au moins 1. Finalement, nous montrons que si P et Q sont deux polynômes de degré au moins 1 et multiplicativement indépendants, alors la multiplication est définissable dans la réunion des structures S(P) et S(Q). [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of Murid gammaherpesvirus 4 infection in mice and in its natural host, the bank voles.
François, Sylvie ULg; Vidick, Sarah ULg; Koteja, Pawel et al

Poster (2009, December 11)

Gammaherpesviruses are the archetypes of persistent viruses that have been identified in a range of animals from mice to man. They are host-range specific and establish persistent, productive infections ... [more ▼]

Gammaherpesviruses are the archetypes of persistent viruses that have been identified in a range of animals from mice to man. They are host-range specific and establish persistent, productive infections of immunocompetent hosts. Thus, infected individuals simultaneously both elicit antiviral protective immune response and secrete infectious virions. The best studied gammaherpesviruses are Human herpesvirus 4 and Human herpesvirus 8. As these viruses have no well-established in vivo infection model, related animal gammaherpesviruses are an important source of information. We are studying Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4), a virus that has originally been isolated from bank voles (Myodes glareolus). Although MuHV-4 has not been isolated from house mice (Mus musculus), infection of inbred laboratory mouse strains is commonly accepted as a good model for studying gammaherpesviruses in vivo. It has however never been possible to monitor viral reexcretion and virus transmission in this species suggesting that this model could be imperfect. In this study, we therefore characterized MuHV-4 infection in its natural host, the bank voles, through classical virological methods but also through global luciferase imaging for an anatomical complete view of the infection. Results obtained show that, after intra-nasal infection, the natural route of infection is similar in mice and voles. Following nasal productive infection, the virus spreads to the lung where the infection is accompanied by massive cellular infiltrates. By opposition to extensive viral replication observed in mice, the different analyses indicated that the viral replication was ~1000 fold lower in bank voles. This lower replication did however not affect colonization of latency sites in superficial cervical lymph nodes and spleen as measured by real-time PCR quantification of viral genomes in these organs. In conclusion, this study revealed that MuHV-4 can experimentally infect bank voles, the supposed natural host, but with a lower replicative power. As, gammaherpesvirus epidemiology indicates that transmission correlates with the latent load, our results suggest that gammaherpesviruses may have evolved to infect their hosts without extensive lytic spread. In the future, establishment of experimental transmission in a population of Myodes glareolus should help us to better understand mechanisms used by gammaherpesviruses to evade immune response. [less ▲]

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See detailInherited defects in Belgian blue cattle
Sartelet, Arnaud ULg

Scientific conference (2009, December 11)

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See detailHydrological modeling of the EU Nitrates Directive Actions Programme:
Sohier, Catherine ULg; Dautrebande, Sylvia; Degre, Aurore ULg

Poster (2009, December 11)

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See detailLaboratoire et allergologie : nouvelles applications
Gadisseur, Romy ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg

Conference (2009, December 11)

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See detailChangement climatique et gestion du risque d'inondation
Dewals, Benjamin ULg

in Interview on the Belgian radio program RTBF (2009)

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See detailCommencer par la fin. La radicalité dans le théâtre du Groupov
Delhalle, Nancy ULg

Conference (2009, December 11)

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See detailEx vivo bioluminescent detection of alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 infection during malignant catarrhal fever induced in rabbits
Dewals, Benjamin G ULg; Myster, Françoise ULg; Massart, François et al

Poster (2009, December 11)

Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1), carried by wildebeest asymptomatically, causes malignant catarrhal fever (WD-MCF) when cross-species transmitted to a variety of susceptible species of the Artiodactyla ... [more ▼]

Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1), carried by wildebeest asymptomatically, causes malignant catarrhal fever (WD-MCF) when cross-species transmitted to a variety of susceptible species of the Artiodactyla order. Experimentally, WD-MCF can be reproduced in rabbits. The lesions observed are very similar to those described in natural host species. Recently, we demonstrated that WD-MCF induced by AlHV-1 in rabbits is associated with the proliferation of CD8+ cells supporting a latent type of infection. In the present study, we investigated whether the virus could be detected ex vivo in the tissues of rabbits developing WD-MCF. Taking advantage of the recent cloning of the AlHV-1 genome as a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC), we produced a recombinant plasmid encoding a firefly luciferase (LUC) expression cassette inserted in a non-coding region of the AlHV-1 genome. In vitro, the reconstituted AlHV-1 LUC strain replicated comparably to the parental strain in permissive cells and was able to induce a bioluminescent signal. In vivo, rabbits infected with the AlHV-1 LUC strain developed WD-MCF similarly to the parental wild-type strain with hyperthermia, increased CD8/CD4 ratio and viral genomic charge over time in PBMC and in lymph nodes at time of death. To identify the presence of AlHV-1 infection ex vivo, various organs of infected rabbits developing WD-MCF were analysed by bioluminescent imaging. Luciferase activity could be detected macroscopically at the time of death in most of analyzed organs including lung, popliteal and mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen, liver, kidney and appendix. Infectious virus could be isolated following co-cultures of lymph node and permissive cells, and the isolated virus retained the ability to induce a bioluminescent signal. In conclusion, we produced an AlHV-1 LUC recombinant and we were able to detect the AlHV-1 infection ex vivo in many organs at the time of death. [less ▲]

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See detailNavigating Polyfunctionality in the Lexicon
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2009, December 10)

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See detailEvolution des pratiques d'évaluation : le cas des sciences astrophysiques
Surdej, Jean ULg

Conference (2009, December 10)

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See detailForeseeing nitrate concentration in groundwater: A review of available modelling approaches
Orban, Philippe ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Conference (2009, December 10)

In the scientific community, increasing concerns on groundwater quality and quantity have motivated the development of numerical models for groundwater management since the 1970’s. Mathematical and ... [more ▼]

In the scientific community, increasing concerns on groundwater quality and quantity have motivated the development of numerical models for groundwater management since the 1970’s. Mathematical and numerical models are, for example, promising tools for prediction of concentration and they can be used to make the dynamic link between nitrogen manure and the resulting evolution of nitrate concentration in groundwater. However, from a practical and managerial perspective, there have been very few real attempts of developing efficient calibrated and validated transport models in particular at the scale of the groundwater body, which is the management unit of groundwater resource in the European Union. Actually two main challenges remains, (1) performing numerical tools are not really available and (2) parametrisation of such transport models at the regional scale is difficult due to the large amount of data required. Generally speaking models can be grouped in different categories ranging from black box models to physically based distributed models. The black box models such as transfer function are simple but attractive because they require relatively less data but with the drawback that modelling result are not spatially distributed while the predictive capability of these models is questionable due to the semi-analytical nature of the process descriptions. On the contrary, physically based distributed model require more data but, due to a more advanced description of ongoing processes, such models are expected to have better predictive capabilities than the black box models. Black box model and physically based distributed model approaches have all proved their utilities and have all their justifications, advantages and disadvantages regarding the development of regional scale groundwater model. A new flexible methodology (the Hybrid Finite Element Mixing Cell method) has been developed that allows combining in a single model, and in a fully integrated way, different mathematical approaches of various complexities for groundwater in complex environment. This method has been implemented in the SUFTD, a finite element groundwater flow and solute transport numerical model. Combining on the one hand the use of a spatially distributed groundwater flow and solute transport model taking advantages of this Hybrid Finite Element Mixing Cell Approach method and on the other hand spatial datasets of tritium and nitrate contents, an illustration on the problem of nitrate trend assessment and forecasting for an important groundwater resource located in the Geer groundwater body (480 km²) in the Walloon Region of Belgium will be proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailNeural correlates of personal goal processing when envisioning future events
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2009, December 10)

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See detailLes salariés impliqués dans les organes de direction d'une société commerciale
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux du Travail (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (5 ULg)
See detailMultifunctional coatings
Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Charlot, Aurelia et al

Patent (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (21 ULg)
See detailTraitements orthophoniques des pathologies bénignes
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Estienne, Françoise

in Dulguerov, Pavel (Ed.) Précis d'audiophonologie et de déglutition - Tome 2 - Les voies aérodigestives supérieures (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (19 ULg)
See detailRetroconversion of a Complex Etymological Dictionary
Renders, Pascale ULg; Briquet, Cyril

Scientific conference (2009, December 10)

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See detailMultifunctional coatings
Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

Patent (2009)

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a ... [more ▼]

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a first type of identical or different units (A) each comprising one or more dihydroxyphenyl groups such that sidechains are present along the backbone of the polyelectrolyte copolymer which contain at least one dihydroxyphenyl group each; and (b1) a second type of identical or different units (B1) each comprising a cationic moiety, or (b2) a second type of identical or different units (B2) each comprising an anionic moiety. [less ▲]

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See detailRétroconversion automatique du Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (FEW)
Renders, Pascale ULg

Poster (2009, December 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)