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See detailReproduction assistée dans l’espèce équine : collecte, évaluation, maturation et utilisations d’ovocytes équins
Deleuze, Stefan ULg; Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Hanzen, Christian ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2009), 153(1), 22-30

Malgré le faible nombre d’ovocytes équins disponibles pour la recherche, des techniques de reproduction assistée récemment développées dans cette espèce permettent maintenant de produire des embryons en ... [more ▼]

Malgré le faible nombre d’ovocytes équins disponibles pour la recherche, des techniques de reproduction assistée récemment développées dans cette espèce permettent maintenant de produire des embryons en utilisant des étalons et des juments subfertiles ou même de sauvegarder leur potentiel génétique après leur mort. Cette revue de littérature décrit les aspects cliniques de la collecte d’ovocytes ex vivo ou in vivo, leur évaluation, leur maturation in vitro et leur utilisation pour le transfert intra-folliculaire ou salpyngien et l’injection intra-cytoplasmique de spermatozoïde. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of lateral mobility of channels at different spatial and time scales (Ardenne massif, Belgium)
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Van Campenhout, Jean ULg; Hallot, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2009)

Lateral mobility of Ardenne rivers has been studied at different scales using three complementary methods. We firstly compared the layout of channels on topographic maps (since the 18th century) and ... [more ▼]

Lateral mobility of Ardenne rivers has been studied at different scales using three complementary methods. We firstly compared the layout of channels on topographic maps (since the 18th century) and aerial pictures. Given that these documents have different scales and projection systems, they were transformed into a common referencing system. This method allowed us to study the lateral shifting of channels, however, as the mobility of Ardenne rivers is relatively low, the errors of geometric rectifications are often more important than lateral displacements. Therefore, to visualize these deformations, georeferenced documents were overlaid with a regular grid of points. We represented the imprecision vector based on x and y residual components for each point. These vectors show the direction of the deformation and its amplitude. Large quantities of iron slag are present in the sediments of Ardenne rivers. These waste products come from hundreds of ironworks built close to rivers since the 14th century. Analyses of slag concentrations in alluvial deposits allowed us to delimitate the sectors of floodplains eroded by rivers during the last centuries. In these sectors, slag elements are present at the contact with the gravel sheet. Finally, we analysed the topography of floodplains from a DEM-LIDAR. This digital elevation model has been established by the Walloon Region for the cartography of flood risk in floodplains. It presents a Z mean error of only 15 cm and a X-Y resolution of 1 m. In order to reveal paleochannels and topographic alluvial units, we subtracted a surface, corresponding to the longitudinal water surface slope, extracted from the DEM. By using this method, we are able to obtain the relative height of any point of the floodplain with regard to the water surface, projected perpendicularly to the layout, on this point. This procedure reveals paleochannels even if they are almost infilled and allows us to delimitate, for several kilometres, alluvial units, which have been formed at different periods. [less ▲]

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See detailL’aménagement du territoire et Environnement – Problématiques et impacts
Michel, Quentin ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailReseña de América Latina en la “literatura mundial”, de Ignacio Sánchez-Prado (ed.)
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Iberoamericana (2009), 9(34), 223-226

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See detailSchaefer Karl R., Enigmatic Charms. Medieval Arabic Block Printed Amulets in American and European Libraries and Museums.
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bulletin Critique des Annales Islamologiques (2009), 25

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See detailCompte rendu de Heinz-Günther NESSELRATH (Hg.), "Platon. Kritias"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2009), 78

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See detailL'actualité du droit des pratiques unilatérales
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Petites Affiches, la Loi (2009), 251

L’actualité 2008 du droit des abus de position dominante est clairement dominée par la publication d’une communication portant "orientations sur les priorités retenues par la Commission pour l’application ... [more ▼]

L’actualité 2008 du droit des abus de position dominante est clairement dominée par la publication d’une communication portant "orientations sur les priorités retenues par la Commission pour l’application de l’article 82 du Traité CE aux pratiques d’éviction abusives des entreprises dominantes". Toutefois, l'actualité de 2008 ne s'y arrête pas. Après avoir présenté cette communication, cet article evoquera donc plusieurs arrêts et décisions de 2008. [less ▲]

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See detailMachine Perfusion or cold storage in deceased-donor kidney transplantation
Moers, C.; Smits, J.; Maathuis, M. H. et al

in New England Journal of Medicine [=NEJM] (2009), 360

BACKGROUND Static cold storage is generally used to preserve kidney allografts from deceased donors. Hypothermic machine perfusion may improve outcomes after transplantation, but few sufficiently powered ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND Static cold storage is generally used to preserve kidney allografts from deceased donors. Hypothermic machine perfusion may improve outcomes after transplantation, but few sufficiently powered prospective studies have addressed this possibility. METHODS In this international randomized, controlled trial, we randomly assigned one kidney from 336 consecutive deceased donors to machine perfusion and the other to cold storage. All 672 recipients were followed for 1 year. The primary end point was delayed graft function (requiring dialysis in the first week after transplantation). Secondary end points were the duration of delayed graft function, delayed graft function defined by the rate of the decrease in the serum creatinine level, primary nonfunction, the serum creatinine level and clearance, acute rejection, toxicity of the calcineurin inhibitor, the length of hospital stay, and allograft and patient survival. RESULTS Machine perfusion significantly reduced the risk of delayed graft function. Delayed graft function developed in 70 patients in the machine-perfusion group versus 89 in the cold-storage group (adjusted odds ratio, 0.57; P = 0.01). Machine perfusion also significantly improved the rate of the decrease in the serum creatinine level and reduced the duration of delayed graft function. Machine perfusion was associated with lower serum creatinine levels during the first 2 weeks after transplantation and a reduced risk of graft failure (hazard ratio, 0.52; P = 0.03). One-year allograft survival was superior in the machine-perfusion group (94% vs. 90%, P = 0.04). No significant differences were observed for the other secondary end points. No serious adverse events were directly attributable to machine perfusion. CONCLUSIONS Hypothermic machine perfusion was associated with a reduced risk of delayed graft function and improved graft survival in the first year after transplantation. (Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN83876362.) [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement automatique des langues et langues anciennes
Denooz, Joseph ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

in Traitement automatique des langues (2009), 50

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See detailQuestions sur le questionnement des pratiques
Van Beveren, Julien ULg

in La Lettre de l'AIRDF (2009), 44

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See detail"Kadenzen des ganzen Körpers" - Das Sich-Bewegen des Musikers.
Viehöver, Vera ULg; Wunsch, Stephan

in Görling, Reinhold; Skrandies, Timo; Trinkaus, Stephan (Eds.) Geste - Bewegungen zwischen Film und Tanz (2009)

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See detailScedosporium apiospermum septicemia following a wedge excision of an ingrown toenail.
Vanhooteghem, Olivier ULg; Gillard, Patricia ULg; Dezfoulian, Bita ULg et al

in International Journal of Dermatology (2009), 48(10), 1137-1139

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See detailMycophenolate mofetil versus cyclophosphamide for induction treatment of lupus nephritis
Appel, Gerald B; Contreras, Gabriel; Dooley, Mary Anne et al

in Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (2009), 20(5), 1103-1112

Recent studies have suggested that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may offer advantages over intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) for the treatment of lupus nephritis, but these therapies have not been compared ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have suggested that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may offer advantages over intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) for the treatment of lupus nephritis, but these therapies have not been compared in an international randomized, controlled trial. Here, we report the comparison of MMF and IVC as induction treatment for active lupus nephritis in a multinational, two-phase (induction and maintenance) study. We randomly assigned 370 patients with classes III through V lupus nephritis to open-label MMF (target dosage 3 g/d) or IVC (0.5 to 1.0 g/m(2) in monthly pulses) in a 24-wk induction study. Both groups received prednisone, tapered from a maximum starting dosage of 60 mg/d. The primary end point was a prespecified decrease in urine protein/creatinine ratio and stabilization or improvement in serum creatinine. Secondary end points included complete renal remission, systemic disease activity and damage, and safety. Overall, we did not detect a significantly different response rate between the two groups: 104 (56.2%) of 185 patients responded to MMF compared with 98 (53.0%) of 185 to IVC. Secondary end points were also similar between treatment groups. There were nine deaths in the MMF group and five in the IVC group. We did not detect significant differences between the MMF and IVC groups with regard to rates of adverse events, serious adverse events, or infections. Although most patients in both treatment groups experienced clinical improvement, the study did not meet its primary objective of showing that MMF was superior to IVC as induction treatment for lupus nephritis. [less ▲]

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See detailAntigone et Manon s’invitent en droit social. Quelques propos sur la légalité de la preuve
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Revue Critique de Jurisprudence Belge (2009), 3

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See detailLa traduction dans l'antiquité
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailEvaluating a calibration method for the estimation of fragmented rocks 3D-size-distribution out of 2D images
Outal, Souhail; Schleifer, Jacques; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Sanchidrian, J. A. (Ed.) Fragblast 9 (2009)

Image analysis is a tool having great potential for the quantification of fragmented rocks size-distribution. This recent technique should be validated according to sieving measurements. Current acquisi ... [more ▼]

Image analysis is a tool having great potential for the quantification of fragmented rocks size-distribution. This recent technique should be validated according to sieving measurements. Current acquisi-tion allows the obtaining of only 2D information from images. In addition, the 3D passage is extremely prob-lematic. Firstly, the usual stereological methods do not work because the reasoning is carried out on non-random projections. Secondly, estimated sizes differ from those measured by sieving. Last, a quantity of mat-terial measured during sieving remains inaccessible by image analysis, due to masking and segregation. This paper evaluates a method directly connecting 2D raw data to 3D sieving measurements. The cited problems are reduced as much as possible thanks to the adoption of an isotropic 2D sorting criterion, and thanks to samples without masking and segregation. Important results have been obtained. Firstly, the characteristic size is correctly estimated in 2D, giving access to computing the uniformity index through known models. Secondly, the stereological approach, bringing into play proportions, is not sufficiently robust to reconstruct easily volume distributions. Limits of this kind of methods, which are, unfortunately, currently used in several granulometric applications, are analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailHumanizing the Clinical Gaze: Movies and the Empathic Understanding of Psychosis
Raballo, A.; Laroi, Frank ULg; Bell, V.

in Family Medicine (2009), 41(6), 387-388

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