References of "2009"
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See detailBiodiversity of three representative groups of the Antarctic zoobenthos - Coping with change (BIANZO II)
Raes, Maarten; Vanreusel, Ann; Pasotti, Francesca et al

Report (2009)

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See detailLes codes correcteurs
Rigo, Michel ULg

Learning material (2009)

Qu'on le veuille ou non, nous vivons dans un monde où les informations et les moyens de communication sont omniprésents. Les exemples où se mêlent informatique et télécommunications sont nombreux. Que ce ... [more ▼]

Qu'on le veuille ou non, nous vivons dans un monde où les informations et les moyens de communication sont omniprésents. Les exemples où se mêlent informatique et télécommunications sont nombreux. Que ce soit l'Internet, la musique achetée en ligne ou gravée sur CD, les baladeurs de type iPod et autres appareils portables, les supports mémoire de tout type, la photographie numérique, la présence d'ordinateurs de bord sophistiqués dans nos voitures, etc. Sans code correcteur, le CD (implémentant un code correcteur de type Reed-Solomon) et de nombreux autres produits n'auraient probablement jamais connu le succès ! [less ▲]

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See detailA short series of antidiabetic sulfonylureas exhibit multiple ligand PPARgamma-binding patterns
Arrault, Alban; Rocchi, Stéphane; Picard, Frédéric et al

in Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy (2009), 63

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See detailNew R/S-3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyrans as KATP channel openers: modulation of the 4-position
Florence, Xavier ULg; Sebille, Sophie; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (2009), 17

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See detailUsing Artificial Vision for the Microscopic Identification of Ores with Reflected Light: Preliminary Results.
Castroviejo, Ricardo; Brea, Carolina; Perez-Barnuevo, Laura et al

in Proceedings 10th Biennial SGA Meeting (2009)

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See detailBIOLOGIE MOLECULAIRE APPLIQUEE A L’HOMME
Noël, Agnès ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailInformation du patient lombalgique : de la recherche à la pratique
Marty, Marc; Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2009), 76

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See detailTe Visioscan driven ULEV and SELS methods
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Handbook of cosmetic science and technology (2009)

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See detailCoumarinic derivatives show anti-inflamatory effects on alveolor macrophages, but their anti-elastase activity is essential to reduce lung inflammation in vivo
Bissonnette, E. Y.; Tremblay, G. M.; Turmel, V. et al

in International Immunopharmacology (2009), 9

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See detailEtude hydrologique et hydrodynamique du bassin versant de la Berwinne
Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Khuat Duy, Bruno; Pirotton, Michel ULg

Report (2009)

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See detailAntibiotic prescribing in dental practice in Belgium.
Mainjot, Amélie ULg; D'Hoore, W.; Van Heusden, Alain ULg et al

in International Endodontic Journal (2009), 42(12), 1112-7

AIM: To assess the types and frequency of antibiotic prescriptions by Belgian dentists, the indications for antibiotic prescription, and dentists' knowledge about recommended practice in antibiotic use ... [more ▼]

AIM: To assess the types and frequency of antibiotic prescriptions by Belgian dentists, the indications for antibiotic prescription, and dentists' knowledge about recommended practice in antibiotic use. METHODOLOGY: In this cross-sectional survey, dental practitioners were asked to record information about all antibiotics prescribed to their patients during a 2-week period. The dental practitioners were also asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire regarding demographic data, prescribing practices, and knowledge about antibiotic use. A random sample of 268 Belgian dentists participated in the survey. RESULTS: During the 2-week period, 24 421 patient encounters were recorded; 1033 patients were prescribed an antibiotic (4.2%). The median number of prescriptions per dentist for the 2 weeks was 3. Broad spectrum antibiotics were most commonly prescribed: 82% of all prescriptions were for amoxycillin, amoxycillin-clavulanic acid and clindamycin. Antibiotics were often prescribed in the absence of fever (92.2%) and without any local treatment (54.2%). The most frequent diagnosis for which antibiotics were prescribed was periapical abscess (51.9%). Antibiotics were prescribed to 63.3% of patients with periapical abscess and 4.3% of patients with pulpitis. Patterns of prescriptions were confirmed by the data from the self-reported practice. CONCLUSIONS: Discrepancies between observed and recommended practice support the need for educational initiatives to promote rational use of antibiotics in dentistry in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Integrated Assessment Frame as Science Policy Interface for Decisions on (Environment-Related) Risks - SCOPE - Report Phase 1
TORFS, RUDI; Zwetkoff, Catherine ULg; Fallon, Catherine ULg

Report (2009)

Classical risk assessment paradigms no longer suffice to deal with complex, uncertain and ambiguous risks. Therefore, new approaches to prevent, control, communicate, and deal with the causes of these ... [more ▼]

Classical risk assessment paradigms no longer suffice to deal with complex, uncertain and ambiguous risks. Therefore, new approaches to prevent, control, communicate, and deal with the causes of these risks and with public anxieties about risks are necessary. In phase 1 we analyzed the available concepts to integrate risk and economical assessment with social aspects in one framework, and discussed the relevant criteria that need to be considered in order to develop a final risk assessment framework. Furthermore, still in phase 1, empirical work was performed in the form of case studies to analyze and define a framework, or to select criteria. We are in the process of reviewing, selecting, and testing tools and instruments that can be used in this appraisal framework, to go from concepts to practice. To grasp the full complexity of controversial, uncertain and immature risks, to cope with different values and views, and to develop a good communication we consider the appraisal framework as a procedural decision making process. It requires a more participative approach as the legal rational approach does not deliver adequate public management tools for handling these issues. We propose a sequential model, going through a series of steps, that can be used both in cases of strategic planning and management, and in the management of local projects usually related to siting conflicts. In each phase of the model integrated assessment tools and methods can be applied up to the point where consensus or a clear representation of different values and views (ideal in very uncertain and ambiguous problems), or an optimal balance between different criteria (in more simple cases) is achieved. All together our Appraisal Framework [is shaped] as a process, structuring and supporting the decision-making process. • To promote and organize a mutual learning of all actors entering into the policy cycle spiralling up through the different phases. • In the context of local siting conflicts, local contamination issues and urban planning topics (all with very close relationships with individuals), including regional, global E&H issues (food, climate, air, transport…) It’s a policy cycle, focused around a certain problem, organised to formulate and evaluate policy options, with stakeholders involved at different phases and steps of the process. Here the AF is structured as a learning network composed of all the players entering into the decision-making process at different stages. The quality of the decision making process can be appreciated either on the basis of its outcomes or on the process itself. Our framing falls under the latter. It also rests on the procedural equity feeling and its impact on the acceptability of the effects of the decision (Joss S. and Brownlea A., 1999). Such an approach opens the way to a greater legitimacy of decisions whose substantive effects or outcomes are essentially dubious – a fortiori in the context of the precaution. It encourages a reflection on the manner of combining the opening of the decision-making process through participative methods with others meta-tools such as strategic management, integrated and comparative approach of the risk, or the evaluative method. These meta-tools structure the participative step, giving it objectives, precise questions and ad hoc means. It contributes to the technical quality of the decision and to its social acceptability, particularly when it is the product of a decision-making process which the actors consider precautionary and adapted to the context of great scientific uncertainty. [less ▲]

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See detailLes cas cliniques, une vision panachee de la medecine: de la simple anecdote a l'enseignement pratique.
Lefebvre, Pierre ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(7-8), 357

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See detailCHARACTERIZATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF PEPTIDE ENCAPSULATION IN PEGYLATED LIPOSOMES
Ducat, Emilie ULg; Brion, Michael; Evrard, Brigitte ULg et al

Poster (2009)

Purpose: Print 3G is a peptidic antagonist of oncoprotein involved in breast cancer, containing 25 amino acids. The purpose of this work is to study the peptide encapsulation into PEGylated liposomes. Two ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Print 3G is a peptidic antagonist of oncoprotein involved in breast cancer, containing 25 amino acids. The purpose of this work is to study the peptide encapsulation into PEGylated liposomes. Two formulations composed of SPC:CHOL:mPEG-750-DSPE (47:47:6) or SPC:CHOL:mPEG-2000-DSPE (47:47:6) were investigated. Methods: Unilamellar vesicles containing either mPEG750 or mPEG2000 were prepared by hydration of lipid films method. Unfortunately, a loss of Print 3G was observed during the different steps of this manufacturing technique giving rise to encapsulation efficiencies close to 0 %. Thus, the freeze-thawing method was used to enhance the amount of Print 3G encapsulated into blank liposomes prepared using the above procedure. Because many factors may influence the peptide entrapment into the vesicles (number of freeze-thawing cycles, lipid concentration, peptide concentration, mixing time and liposome composition), a design of experiment was performed (for the screening, a Plackett and Burman plan; for the optimization, a central composite design). Results: The encapsulation efficiencies obtained by the freeze-thawing method in standard conditions, varied between 17.26 ± 0.46 % (n=3) for liposomes containing mPEG750 and 26.20 ± 7.98 % (n=3) for those comprising mPEG2000. Among the different considered factors, the screening permitted to identify two factors having a positive and significant influence on the encapsulation efficiencies: the number of freeze-thawing cycles and the lipid concentration, while the presence of mPEG2000 or mPEG750 had a relatively weak effect on the encapsulation. Concerning the peptide concentration and the mixing time, no influence was revealed. For the second part of the DOE, the positive factors were optimized for the liposomes containing mPEG2000. The obtained results for liposomes containing mPEG2000 revealed a theoretical optimum at 64.75 ± 3.55 % when 11 freeze-thawing cycles were applied and for the following lipid concentrations: 36.1 mM SPC, 36.1 mM CHOL and 4mM mPEG-2000-DSPE. The experimental results showed an encapsulation efficiency of 62.68 ± 2.93 %. Conclusion: Changing the manufacturing technique permitted a significant encapsulation of Print 3G into liposomes. The DOE led to a significant improvement of encapsulation efficiencies for the liposomes containing mPEG2000. Thereafter, an optimization design for liposomes containing mPEG750 will be started. Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Ministry of the Walloon Region. [less ▲]

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See detailSlope stability analyses in loess deposits in Fergana Valley (Kyrgyzstan)
Mamyrova, Raushan; Bourdeau, Céline; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailLes sartans, une arme de choix dans le traitement de l'hypertension artérielle (6)
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal de Cardiologie [= JDC] = Tijdschrift voor Cardiologie [= TVC] (2009), 319

Le Pr Jean-Marie Krzesinski (Ulg) souligne que la situation en matière d'hypertension artérielle dans notre pays ne s'est pas tellement améliorée ces dernières années.

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See detailPartager des corpus et leurs analyses à l'heure du Web 2.0
Bénel, Aurélien; Lejeune, Christophe ULg

in Degrés : Revue de Synthèses à Orientation Sémiologique (2009), 36-37(136-137), 1-20

En se focalisant sur les documents, l'interprétation et l'intersubjectivité, les technologies du Web 2.0 présentent de surprenantes analogies avec l'herméneutique philosophique, théorie de l ... [more ▼]

En se focalisant sur les documents, l'interprétation et l'intersubjectivité, les technologies du Web 2.0 présentent de surprenantes analogies avec l'herméneutique philosophique, théorie de l'interprétation des textes. L'herméneutique philosophique fut obtenue par généralisation de l'herméneutique biblique par Dilthey au XIXe siècle pour être choisie comme alternative au positivisme dans la fondation de l'épistémologie et des méthodes des sciences de l'homme et de la société. Le présent article tente de montrer en quoi les technologies du Web 2.0 semblent plus adaptées aux besoins des sciences de l'homme et de la société que l'informatique traditionnelle, historiquement liée au positivisme logique. Des illustrations sont fournies en archéologie et en sociologie, deux disciplines qui furent des précurseurs dans l'utilisation de la mécanographie et des ordinateurs. [less ▲]

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