References of "2009"
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See detailThe roles of lipopeptides in the biocontrol activity of Bacillus subtilis
Ongena, MARC ULg; Henry, Guillaume; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Plant Pathology in the 21st Century, Recent developments in disease management (2009)

Bacillus subtilis species are well-known and extensively-used beneficial rhizobacteria for biocontrol of plant diseases. Their interest arises from their ability to generate a broad array of bioactive ... [more ▼]

Bacillus subtilis species are well-known and extensively-used beneficial rhizobacteria for biocontrol of plant diseases. Their interest arises from their ability to generate a broad array of bioactive metabolites among which three families of cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs). These CLPs display a huge diversity of structures and physico-chemical and biological properties which probably account for an important part of the biocontrol potential of the producing strains. Beside their antimicrobial properties, they are also involved in colonization and motility as well as in the systemic stimulation of immune system of the host plant. We summarize here the current knowledge of CLPs activities and focus on the recent findings in the context of biocontrol [less ▲]

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See detailContribution to the study of semiochemical slow release formulations. Development of flash chromatographic methods.
Heuskin, Stéphanie ULg; Farmakidis, Julien; Lorge, Stéphanie et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailReseña de América Latina en la “literatura mundial”, de Ignacio Sánchez-Prado (ed.)
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Iberoamericana (2009), 9(34), 223-226

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See detailFormation littéraire et compétences. Notes pour un débat.
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailElevated GH and normal IGF-1 : Discrepant biochemical results
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2009)

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See detailImpaired respiration discloses the physiological significance of state transitions in Chlamydomonas.
Cardol, Pierre ULg; Alric, Jean; Girard-Bascou, Jacqueline et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2009), 106(37), 15979-84

State transitions correspond to a major regulation process for photosynthesis, whereby chlorophyll protein complexes responsible for light harvesting migrate between photosystem II and photosystem I in ... [more ▼]

State transitions correspond to a major regulation process for photosynthesis, whereby chlorophyll protein complexes responsible for light harvesting migrate between photosystem II and photosystem I in response to changes in the redox poise of the intersystem electron carriers. Here we disclose their physiological significance in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii using a genetic approach. Using single and double mutants defective for state transitions and/or mitochondrial respiration, we show that photosynthetic growth, and therefore biomass production, critically depends on state transitions in respiratory-defective conditions. When extra ATP cannot be provided by respiration, enhanced photosystem I turnover elicited by transition to state 2 is required for photosynthetic activity. Concomitant impairment of state transitions and respiration decreases the overall yield of photosynthesis, ultimately leading to reduced fitness. We thus provide experimental evidence that the combined energetic contributions of state transitions and respiration are required for efficient carbon assimilation in this alga. [less ▲]

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See detailReaching the schools
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Poster (2009)

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See detailUnderstanding of optical readout accuracy with micromechanical sensor cantilever monitored by surface plasmon resonanc
Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Renotte, Yvon ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg et al

in Optics Communications (2009), 282

This paper reports a concept of micromechanical sensing of environmental condition using the surface plasmon resonance phenomenon. We calculate the resolution in the cantilever bending monitoring using ... [more ▼]

This paper reports a concept of micromechanical sensing of environmental condition using the surface plasmon resonance phenomenon. We calculate the resolution in the cantilever bending monitoring using the transfer matrix numerical method. We show that the cantilever deflection can be monitored with a resolution in the nanometer range. The SPs resonance behavior of the multilayer stack in the case of gold cantilever is discussed. We believe that this concept permits a low cost and ease of fabrication for a large bi-dimensional array of sensors with an enhanced signal-to-noise ratio. [less ▲]

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See detailLaboratory findings in respiratory fluids of the poorly-performing horse
Richard, Eric ULg; Fortier, Guillaume; Lekeux, Pierre ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2009)

Any disorder impairing a performance horse’s ability to ventilate its lungs and exchange oxygen compromises exercise performance in any discipline. Since bronchoalveolar lavage was described in horses in ... [more ▼]

Any disorder impairing a performance horse’s ability to ventilate its lungs and exchange oxygen compromises exercise performance in any discipline. Since bronchoalveolar lavage was described in horses in the early 1980s, laboratory evaluation of respiratory fluids, along with clinical and functional assessment of the respiratory system, has become a relevant step in the diagnosis of respiratory disease affecting performance. The aim of this review is to provide objective information to assist clinicians in interpreting laboratory findings by (1) summarising published cytological references values in both clinically healthy horses and those with various airway diseases, (2) assessing the influence of physiological circumstances, such as exercise, on the cytological evaluation, (3) discussing the relationship between cytological and microbiological analyses, clinical signs and respiratory function, and (4) suggesting how this latter relationship may affect performance. [less ▲]

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See detailDes dépendances qui nous enchainent aux liens qui nous déchainent
Farbos, Julie; Servais, Catherine; Noirfalise, Stéphanie et al

in Revue des Hôpitaux de Jour Psychiatriques et des Thérapies Institutionnelles (2009), 11

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See detailDe meisje heeft de boek niet gelezen, maar wel het krant. Genus in het Nederlands van anderstaligen
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe

Conference (2009)

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See detailCellular source and amount of vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor in tumors determine response to angiogenesis inhibitors.
Sennino, Barbara; Kuhnert, Frank; Tabruyn, Sébastien ULg et al

in Cancer Research (2009), 69(10), 4527-36

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and their receptors are important targets in cancer therapy based on angiogenesis inhibition. However, it is unclear ... [more ▼]

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and their receptors are important targets in cancer therapy based on angiogenesis inhibition. However, it is unclear whether inhibition of VEGF and PDGF together is more effective than inhibition of either one alone. Here, we used two contrasting tumor models to compare the effects of inhibiting VEGF or PDGF alone, by adenovirally generated soluble receptors, to the effects of inhibiting both together. In RIP-Tag2 tumors, VEGF and PDGF inhibition together reduced tumor vascularity and abundance of pericytes. However, VEGF inhibition reduced tumor vascularity without decreasing pericyte density, and PDGF inhibition reduced pericytes without reducing tumor vascularity. By contrast, in Lewis lung carcinomas (LLC), inhibition of VEGF or PDGF reduced blood vessels and pericytes to the same extent as did inhibition of both together. Similar results were obtained using tyrosine kinase inhibitors AG-013736 and imatinib. In LLC, VEGF expression was largely restricted to pericytes and PDGF was largely restricted to endothelial cells, but, in RIP-Tag2 tumors, expression of both growth factors was more widespread and significantly greater than in LLC. These findings suggest that inhibition of PDGF in LLC reduced pericytes, and then tumor vessels regressed because pericytes were the main source of VEGF. The vasculature of RIP-Tag2 tumors, in which most VEGF is from tumor cells, was more resistant to PDGF inhibition. The findings emphasize the interdependence of pericytes and endothelial cells in tumors and the importance of tumor phenotype in determining the cellular effects of VEGF and PDGF inhibitors on tumor vessels. [less ▲]

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See detailLa traduction dans l'antiquité
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailMaintenance, entretien et réparation des constructions en béton
Courard, Luc ULg

Learning material (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (4 ULg)
See detailNonparametric Mean Preservation in Censored Regression
Heuchenne, Cédric ULg

Book published by VDM Verlag (2009)

The aim of this book is to estimate the conditional mean of some functions depending on the response variable Y (moments, distributions...) in regression models where this response is possibly censored ... [more ▼]

The aim of this book is to estimate the conditional mean of some functions depending on the response variable Y (moments, distributions...) in regression models where this response is possibly censored. In parametric regression, polynomial and nonlinear conditional means are estimated in a new way while, in nonparametric regression, some new estimators are provided to approximate general L-functionals (conditional mean, trimmed mean, quantiles...). The ideas developed in those methods lead to establish more general results in nonparametric estimation of the conditional mean of functions depending on Y and other variables and where the response can follow other schemes of incomplete data (not only censored but also missing or length-biased data). For each procedure, asymptotic properties are established while finite sample behavior is studied via simulations. Examples from a variety of areas highlight the interest of using the proposed methodologies in practice. [less ▲]

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See detailHumanizing the Clinical Gaze: Movies and the Empathic Understanding of Psychosis
Raballo, A.; Laroi, Frank ULg; Bell, V.

in Family Medicine (2009), 41(6), 387-388

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See detailMédiatiser ou médi-attiser le crime?
Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2009), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (11 ULg)