References of "2009"
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See detailUnderstanding of optical readout accuracy with micromechanical sensor cantilever monitored by surface plasmon resonanc
Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Renotte, Yvon ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg et al

in Optics Communications (2009), 282

This paper reports a concept of micromechanical sensing of environmental condition using the surface plasmon resonance phenomenon. We calculate the resolution in the cantilever bending monitoring using ... [more ▼]

This paper reports a concept of micromechanical sensing of environmental condition using the surface plasmon resonance phenomenon. We calculate the resolution in the cantilever bending monitoring using the transfer matrix numerical method. We show that the cantilever deflection can be monitored with a resolution in the nanometer range. The SPs resonance behavior of the multilayer stack in the case of gold cantilever is discussed. We believe that this concept permits a low cost and ease of fabrication for a large bi-dimensional array of sensors with an enhanced signal-to-noise ratio. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning from recombinant GH treatment in obesity
Vandeva, S.; Rixhon, M.; Tichomirova, M. A. et al

in Obesity and Metabolism (2009), 5(3/4), 156-166

Obese and untreated growth hormone deficiency (GHD) patients have a number of similar clinical and biological abnormalities. Treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in GHD patients has ... [more ▼]

Obese and untreated growth hormone deficiency (GHD) patients have a number of similar clinical and biological abnormalities. Treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in GHD patients has proven effective in beneficially modulating body composition and certain cardiovascular risk factors, thus leading to the hypothesis that administration of rhGH in obese patients could show similar beneficial results. Hyperinsulinism and increased free fatty acid levels are the main factors causing reduced GH release in the setting of obesity. We reviewed the outcomes of 25 adult and paediatric clinical studies carried out in 1987-2009 that examined the effects of rhGH administration in the obese state. Body composition showed mainly a reduction in visceral abdominal fat, whereas total bodyweight increased or remained unchanged. Effects of rhGH on lipid and carbohydrate metabolic profiles in obese patients were heterogeneous. The increasing burden of obesity on one hand, the absence of definitive medical treatment on the other, give rise to grounds for considering rhGH as a possible therapeutic option if not in the general obese population, at least in patients with higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailGamma interferon production correlates negatively with plasma levels of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) during gestation in dairy cows naturally infected with Neospora caninum
Lopez-Gatius, F.; Almeria, S.; Yániz, J. L. et al

in O’Leary, M.; Arnett, J. (Eds.) Pregnancy Protein Research (2009)

Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) production has been ascribed a role in protecting cows infected with Neospora caninum against abortion. The present study analyzes the interaction between IFN-γ production and ... [more ▼]

Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) production has been ascribed a role in protecting cows infected with Neospora caninum against abortion. The present study analyzes the interaction between IFN-γ production and levels of plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1), as a marker of placental/fetal well-being, throughout gestation in naturally Neospora-infected dairy cows. Data were obtained from 88 pregnant cows from two herds: 62 seropositive and 26 seronegative for the parasite. Blood sample collection was performed on days 40, 90, 120, 150, 180 and 210 of gestation. Plasma was tested for antibodies against N. caninum, PAG-1 and IFN-γ. Twenty five (28.4%) pregnancies were recorded after AI using Holstein-Friesian semen (19 in seronegative and 6 in seropositive animals), and 63 (71.6%) after AI using Limousin semen (7 in seronegative and 56 in seropositive animals). Gamma interferon was detected in the plasma of 14 (22.6%) of the 62 Neospora-seropositive cows and could not be detected in any of the 26 seronegative animals. All 14 cows producing IFN-γ became pregnant by using Limousin semen. Our GLM repeated measures showed no effect of herd, lactation number, milk production at the time of pregnancy diagnosis and Neospora-seropositivity on plasma PAG-1 concentrations. Significant positive effects of both the day of gestation (P<0.0001) and interaction between day of gestation and breed of sire (P = 0.001) on PAG-1 values were registered. Cows carrying twins had higher (P = 0.002) PAG-1 concentrations throughout gestation than cows carrying singletons. Interactions between breed of sire and Neospora-seropositivity (P<0.0001), and between IFN-γ production and Neospora-seropositivity (P = 0.04) were also detected. Thus, Neospora-seronegative cows inseminated with Limousin and Neospora-seropositive cows with no IFN-γ production, exhibited higher PAG-1 concentrations throughout gestation than seropositive cows inseminated with Limousin semen and producing IFN-γ, respectively. Our data indicate that production of IFN-γ correlates negatively and, the production of antibodies against N. caninum is uncorrelated with plasma PAG-1 concentrations during gestation in Neospora-infected dairy cows. Our results also suggest that augmented Th1 cell-mediated immunity is related to a lower risk of abortion and therefore higher resistance to the parasite in cows inseminated with Limousin versus Holstein-Friesian semen. [less ▲]

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See detailDe rol van de magistratuur in herstelgerichte praktijken
Aertsen, Ivo; Lauwaert, Katrien ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht (2009), 9(2), 38-51

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See detailL'etude UPLIFT (Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium).
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(1), 52-7

The UPLIFT study (Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium) was a double-blind, randomised, international, multicentric, placebo-controlled clinical trial, investigating with ... [more ▼]

The UPLIFT study (Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium) was a double-blind, randomised, international, multicentric, placebo-controlled clinical trial, investigating with tiotropium (Spiriva) the change in the annual rate of decline in FEV1 in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Secondary end points included COPD exacerbation rate with or without hospitalisation, lung function, quality of life and mortality. 5.993 patients were randomized. In this article, we briefly describe the most important results of the study. While tiotropium did not alter the annual rate of decline in FEV1 (pre and postbronchodilatation), it improved lung function and quality of life, and reduced exacerbations and hospitalisations by comparison with control for up to 4 years. Tiotropium also reduced respiratory and cardiac morbidity. [less ▲]

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See detailLutte antidopage et cyclisme à deux vitesses: évolution du rapport au dopage chez les cyclistes belges depuis l'affaire Festina
Fincoeur, Bertrand ULg

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique (2009), 3

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See detailInvolvement of autophagic pathway in the hypoxia-induced resistance to etoposide in HepG2
Cosse, Jean-Philippe ULg; Sermeus, Audrey; Flamant, Lionel et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailPour échapper aux flammes il faut se confier à la mer (ou bien savoir nager)
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Cazalé Bérard, Claude; Gambino-Longo, Susanna; Girard, Pierre (Eds.) La mer dans la culture italienne (2009)

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See detailPinning centers produced by magnetic microstructures
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Van de Vondel, J.; Leo, A. et al

in Superconductor Science and Technology (2009), 22(3),

We investigate the flux pinning and dynamic properties of superconducting vortices in an Al film with an array of magnetic bars deposited on top. The dimensions of each bar are chosen in such a way that ... [more ▼]

We investigate the flux pinning and dynamic properties of superconducting vortices in an Al film with an array of magnetic bars deposited on top. The dimensions of each bar are chosen in such a way that they host a single magnetic domain. These micromagnets are distributed periodically in a rectangular array with 0.5 mu m separation parallel to the longest side of the bars and displaced laterally by a distance w. We show that, for w > Lambda, where Lambda is the effective field penetration depth, the pinning strength is almost independent of w whereas the critical temperature at zero field, T(c)(0), decreases as similar to w(-1). For w < Lambda the opposite behavior is observed, i.e. T(c)(0) seems to saturate to a nearly w-independent value and the transition from large to small w is accompanied by a large suppression of the critical current j(c) together with a clear change in the shape of the current-voltage characteristics. In particular, the substantial weakening of the pinning potential for w < Lambda gives rise to an unexpected flux flow response. The field evolution of this regime allows us to determine whether the magnetic bars induce vortex-antivortex pairs in the system. The present findings suggest that practical application of magnetic pinning centers are restricted to low field values. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ACTIVATION AU SEIN DES CPAS BELGES En quête de parcours durables et de bonnes pratiques
Nisen, Laurent ULg; Chaoui, Dounia; Raeymaeckers, Peter

Report (2009)

L'étude vise d'abord à analyser le concept d'activation, celui d'activation durable, et leur opérationnalisation. Dans une seconde partie, quantitative, des trajectoires d'activation sont étudiées, sur ... [more ▼]

L'étude vise d'abord à analyser le concept d'activation, celui d'activation durable, et leur opérationnalisation. Dans une seconde partie, quantitative, des trajectoires d'activation sont étudiées, sur base des données de la Banque Carrefour de la Sécurité Sociale, selon la méthode de l'Optimal Matching Analysis. Une dernière partie, qualitative, vise à typologiser les différents CPAS belges selon leurs pratiques d'activation, et d'identifier les meilleures politiques menées par les CPAS. [less ▲]

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See detailThe obese dog and its owner : a method to implement a weight loss program using a concept map
Diez, Marianne ULg; Picavet, Philippe; Istasse, Louis ULg et al

in Mussa, P. P.; Nery, J.; Sciavone, A. (Eds.) et al Congress Proceedings 13t h Congress of the ESVCN (2009)

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See detailOut of Sight, Still in Place. On the Use of Italian Renaissance Portrait Medals as Building Deposits
Schraven, Minou ULg

in Res (Cambridge, Mass.) (2009), 55-56(Spring), 182-193

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See detailEarly identification of inner pillar cells during rat cochlear development.
Thelen, Nicolas ULg; Breuskin, Ingrid ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg et al

in Cell & Tissue Research (2009), 337(1), 1-14

Although the structure of the auditory organ in mature mammals, the organ of Corti, is clearly established, its development is far from being elucidated. Here, we examine its spatio-temporal development ... [more ▼]

Although the structure of the auditory organ in mature mammals, the organ of Corti, is clearly established, its development is far from being elucidated. Here, we examine its spatio-temporal development in rats from embryonic day 16 (E16) to E19 by using cytochemical and immunocytochemical methods at the light- and electron-microscope levels. We demonstrate that the organ of Corti develops from a non-proliferating cell zone that is located in the junctional region between two edges of the dorsal epithelium of the cochlear duct. We also reveal that the first cells to develop in this zone are the inner pillar cells, a particular type of non-sensory supporting cell, which arise in the base of the cochlear duct at the boundary between the two ridges at E16. Cell differentiation in this prosensory region continues according to a base-to-apex gradient; the inner hair cells appear in the greater epithelial ridge at E17 and the outer hair cells in the lesser epithelial ridge at E18. At E19, the various cell types of the organ of Corti are in place. Finally, we show that unlike the development of all the supporting cell types of the organ of Corti, the development of inner pillar cells within the prosensory domain seems not to involve Notch1 activation. These results highlight the central role that the inner pillar cells probably play in the development of the organ of Corti. [less ▲]

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See detailDe novo interstitial duplication 4q associated with sporadic young-onset dopa-responsive parkinsonism
Garraux, Gaëtan ULg; VANBELLINGHEN, Jean-François ULg; JAMAR, Mauricette ULg et al

in Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society (2009), 24(Suppl. 1), 138-139

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See detailNon-myeloablative transplantation with CD8-depleted or unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells: a phase II randomized trial.
Willems, Evelyne ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg et al

in Leukemia : Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K (2009), 23(3), 608-10

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See detailNon-native variëteiten van het Nederlands: verwerving en didactiek
Rasier, Laurent ULg

Conference (2009)

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See detailRandom matrix model for antiferromagnetism and superconductivity on a two-dimensional lattice
Vanderheyden, Benoît ULg; Jackson, A. D.

in Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics) (2009), 79(14), 144502

We suggest a new mean-field method for studying the thermodynamic competition between magnetic and superconducting phases in a two-dimensional square lattice. A partition function is constructed by ... [more ▼]

We suggest a new mean-field method for studying the thermodynamic competition between magnetic and superconducting phases in a two-dimensional square lattice. A partition function is constructed by writing microscopic interactions that describe the exchange of density and spin fluctuations. A block structure dictated by spin, time-reversal, and bipartite symmetries is imposed on the single-particle Hamiltonian. The detailed dynamics of the interactions are neglected and replaced by a normal distribution of random matrix elements. The resulting partition function can be calculated exactly. The thermodynamic potential has a structure which depends only on the spectrum of quasiparticles propagating in fixed condensation fields, with coupling constants that can be related directly to the variances of the microscopic processes. The resulting phase diagram reveals a fixed number of phase topologies whose realizations depend on a single coupling parameter ratio, alpha. Most phase topologies are realized for a broad range of values of alpha and can thus be considered robust with respect to moderate variations in the detailed description of the underlying interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailLes relations internationales: entre mur et globalisation
Santander, Sébastian ULg; Wintgens, Sophie ULg

in Département de science politique (Ed.) Entre les murs. Un collage (2009)

La présente contribution vise à comprendre la place prise par le mur dans les relations internationales et plus particulièrement dans les rapports Nord-Sud, vingt ans après la disparition du mur de Berlin ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution vise à comprendre la place prise par le mur dans les relations internationales et plus particulièrement dans les rapports Nord-Sud, vingt ans après la disparition du mur de Berlin. Nous analyserons le paradoxe d’un monde de plus en plus globalisé mais davantage emmuraillé. [less ▲]

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