References of "2009"
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See detailDéfigurer la littérature ou l’impossible témoignage
Servais, Christine ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme (2009), 122124-123-

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See detailEcologie et distribution des espèces de Culicoides Latreille 1809 (Diptera : Ceratopogonidae) à proximité d’une exploitation bovine en Belgique
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg et al

in Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (2009), 45(3), 393-400

Bluetongue is a non-contagious disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its spreading to Northern Europe in 2006, this viral epizooty caused considerable economical losses on the ovine and ... [more ▼]

Bluetongue is a non-contagious disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its spreading to Northern Europe in 2006, this viral epizooty caused considerable economical losses on the ovine and bovine livestock. The biological vectors of the bluetongue virus (BTV) are biting midges belonging to the genus Culicoides. Many elements still remain unknown about their biology, physiology, ecology and distribution. This study shows that these biting midges are much more abundant on farm level than in the nearby meadows; these last ones nevertheless present a much more specifi c diversity. So possibility of migration between the meadow and the farm is voiced for the C. chiopterus and C. dewulfi species. Females are much more represented than males for the farm and the meadow alike. The physiology observation of these ones is realized throughout the study. [less ▲]

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See detailNeed for high-standard translation methodology for the dissemination of guidelines.
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2009), 17(12), 1536-8

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See detailClinal differentiation during invasion: Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae) along altitudinal gradients in Europe.
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Poster (2009)

Plant population differentiation may play a role in decreasing the ability to predict whether, where, and when an introduced species will invade. However, few studies have addressed the level of genetic ... [more ▼]

Plant population differentiation may play a role in decreasing the ability to predict whether, where, and when an introduced species will invade. However, few studies have addressed the level of genetic change an alien species may undergo during range expansion, e.g. in response to climatic variation with altitude. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that invasive populations of Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae) differentiated during migration from two independent introduction sites into divergent altitudinal and climatic zones. We carried out two years of common garden experiments with eight populations from a Belgian altitudinal transect and ten populations from similar French transect. Climatic analysis revealed that the Belgian transect followed a temperature and precipitation gradient. A temperature and summer drought gradient characterized the French study site. We evaluated differentiation and clinal variation in the following characters: days to germination, days to flowering, height at maturity, final plant height and aboveground biomass. Results showed that S. inaequidens populations differentiated in growth traits during invasion. First year of experiment, regressing population growth trait means against source population altitude indicated the presence of clinal variation along both transects. Second year, similar results were found along the French transect, i.e. a reduction in height at maturity, plant height and aboveground biomass with increasing altitude. Including seed mass as a covariate did not change the outcome of the analysis. The possible evolutionary causes for the differentiation observed are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of nursing resource weights for the Belgian Nursing Minimum Dataset in general hospitals: a Delphi questionnaire survey approach.
SERMEUS, Walter; GILLET, Pierre ULg; GILLAIN, Daniel ULg et al

in International Journal of Nursing Studies (2009), 46(2), 256-67

BACKGROUND: Internationally, nursing is not well represented in hospital financing systems. In Belgium a nursing weight system exists to adjust budget allocation for differences in nurse staffing ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Internationally, nursing is not well represented in hospital financing systems. In Belgium a nursing weight system exists to adjust budget allocation for differences in nurse staffing requirements, but there is a need for revision. Arguments include the availability of a nursing minimum dataset and the adverse consequences of the current historically based nursing weight system. OBJECTIVES: The development and validation of nursing resource weights for the revised Belgium nursing minimum dataset (NMDS). DESIGN: Two independent cross sectional Delphi-surveys. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 222 head nurses from 69 Belgian hospitals participated in the cross sectional survey methods. To assess validity 112 patient case records from 61 nursing wards of 35 Belgian general hospitals representing general, surgical, pediatric, geriatric and intensive care were selected. METHODS: Nursing resource weights were constructed based on Delphi survey results by NMDSII intervention. The patient case Delphi survey results were used as the primary source for validation. A series of additional validation measures were calculated, based on the different patient classification systems. Finally, three validated nursing resource weighting systems were compared to the constructed NMDSII weighting system: the use of 'Closon', 'Ghent' and WIN weights. RESULTS: A coherent set of nursing resource weights was developed. The comparison of nurse resource weights, based on the survey per NMDS intervention versus the survey on patient cases, yielded high correlations: r=0.74 to r=0.97 (p<0.01) between three case rating questions, as an indication of reliability in terms of internal consistency, and r=0.90 (p<0.01) between summed intervention weights and patient case weights, as an indication of criterion validity in terms of concurrent validity. Other concurrent validity measures based on summed intervention weights versus patient classification dependency weights showed a correlation ranging from r=0.14 to r=0.74. The correlation of summed intervention weights with the Closon, Ghent and WIN weights ranged from r=0.93 to r=0.96 (p<0.01), as a third indication of concurrent validity. CONCLUSIONS: A system of valid nursing resource weights has been developed. The system should be further validated within an international context. [less ▲]

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See detailPS : baisse tendancielle ou conjoncturelle ?
Verjans, Pierre ULg

in Revue Nouvelle (2009), (mai-juin), 10-12

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See detailInfluence of Adhesive Rough Surface Contact on Micro-Switches
Wu, Ling ULg; Rochus, Véronique ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg et al

Scientific conference (2009)

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See detailDe la codicologie à l'archéologie du savoir. Le cas particulier du carnet de notes de l'historien égyptien al-Maqrīzī (m. 845/1442)
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique = Archief en Bibliotheekwezen in Belgie (2009), 87

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See detailInvasive plant species management tests in Southern Belgium
Delbart, Emmanuel ULg; Halford, Mathieu ULg; Pieret, Nora et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailComment gérer l'intercompréhension : les équivalences interlinguistiques en droit
Thiry, Bernard ULg

in Pinto Paulo Feytor, Brohy Claudine, Turi Joseph-G. (Ed.) Direito, Língua e Cidadania Global. Droit, langue et citoyenneté mondiale (2009)

Le texte offre une analyse des conclusions d'une expérience de terminologie juridique bilingue menées au travers d'une double publication : un dictionnaire juridique bilingue de la Responsabilité civile ... [more ▼]

Le texte offre une analyse des conclusions d'une expérience de terminologie juridique bilingue menées au travers d'une double publication : un dictionnaire juridique bilingue de la Responsabilité civile (THIRY B. : Diccionario jurídico : terminología de la Responsabilidad civil (español-francés, francés-español), Comares, Granada, 2005) et un ouvrage de synthèse sur la Terminologie et le Droit (Id : Terminología y Derecho, Edit. Atrio, Granada, 2009). Le problème d'intercompréhension que pose le Droit consiste à établir les points d'équivalence possibles entre deux "mondes" (deux droits) par définition étrangers l'un à l'autre. Cette affirmation se fonde sur une analyse des domaines du savoir humain, orientée vers la démonstration de ce que le Droit entre dans la catégorie des domaines du savoir qui n'ont pas de référent universel, ce qui, aux dires de certains, rend sa traduction prétendument impossible. A la suite de cet exposé, le texte détaille l'analyse des équivalences (et degrés de celles-ci) dont fait montre le dictionnaire cités ci-dessus, selon qu'il établit des catégories d'équivalence totale, d'équivalence partielle ou d'absence de toute équivalence possible. Cette analyse, avec tous les exemples illustratifs disponibles, cède alors le pas à plusieurs réflexions théoriques et conduit à proposer enfin une théorie de la traduction juridique :"qu'est-ce que traduire en droit?". [less ▲]

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See detailDam Break Flow Modelling and Geographical Distribution of the Roughness Coefficient
Paulus, Raphaël ULg; Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proc. 33rd IAHR Congress: Water Engineering for a Sustainable Environment (pp. 2429-2436) (2009)

Dam break flow modelling is a major field of research. In order to enable risk analysis in the downstream valleys of dams, 2D numerical simulations are of prime interest. These are based on the ... [more ▼]

Dam break flow modelling is a major field of research. In order to enable risk analysis in the downstream valleys of dams, 2D numerical simulations are of prime interest. These are based on the conservative set of shallow water equations. Beyond their numerical implementation, the challenge of the computation relies on the ability to handle very huge sets of high-precision data, in order to get the highest possible accuracy, whereas the computational time must remain realistic for simulations carried out on real valleys topography. In this paper, a simulation on about 2 500 000 cells is presented. Particularly, the results are compared and discussed regarding especially the exploitation of landuse data for the roughness. Beyond the examples of validation, the relevance of the developed methodology appears to be essential in the framework of risk analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailDichas de la investigación. Un caso de análisis nocional en terminología jurídica
Thiry, Bernard ULg

in R. De Maeseneer et al. (Ed.) El hispanismo omnipresente. Homenaje a Robert Verdonk (2009)

El capítulo es la pormenorizada exposición de los datos de análisis y de contenido de una investigación en Terminología bilingüe (francés y español) aplicada al derecho. En dicha disciplina, el análisis ... [more ▼]

El capítulo es la pormenorizada exposición de los datos de análisis y de contenido de una investigación en Terminología bilingüe (francés y español) aplicada al derecho. En dicha disciplina, el análisis nocional designa el método mediante el cual se investiga la adecuada relación entre los conceptos y sus denominaciones. Ahora bien, los conceptos de “fuerza irresistible” y de “miedo insuperable” dentro de la categoría de “Causas de justificación” (en derecho español) y el de “Contrainte (physique ou morale)” entre las “Causes d’exonération” (en derecho belga y francés) presentan un caso de relación interlingüística totalmente encubierta, a primera vista, bajo varias pantallas (desglose diferente entre las dos lenguas-derechos, influencia del latín y del derecho romano, etc.), que obstaculizan las claras soluciones finales. El proceso de acercamiento a una solución de adecuada puesta en equivalencia entre los términos de dos lenguas y entre las nociones de dos derechos será expuesto en detalle, mostrando las vías de descubrimiento de las adecuadas equivalencias nocionales o funcionales, salvando las apariencias engañosas de las denominaciones, gracias al llamado análisis nocional. [less ▲]

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See detailContamination du marsouin commun (Phocoena phocoena) de la Mer du Nord par des perturbateurs endocriniens persistants
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

Endocrine disrupters are molecules able to interfere with the endocrine system and are largely spread in the environment. The evaluation of the estrogenic activity of some of these substances by reporter ... [more ▼]

Endocrine disrupters are molecules able to interfere with the endocrine system and are largely spread in the environment. The evaluation of the estrogenic activity of some of these substances by reporter gene assays was the first aim of this paper. The substances chosen are also persistent organic pollutants (POP), which are capable to bioaccumulate in several organisms. Then, the occurrence of these substances was evaluated in the blubber tissue of North Sea harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Harbour porpoises are good indicators of the environmental contamination and therefore of seafood by POP. These POP were quantified by GC-MS and also by reporter gene assays. For the achievement of these aims, different analytical methods were developed. The following raking is proposed for the studied substances, according to their estrogenic activity: o,p’-DDT > o,p’-DDD > β-HCH > p,p’-DDT > p,p’-DDD > p,p’-DDE > δ-HCH > PCB 138 > γ-HCH > α-HCH > PCB 153 > HCB > PCB 180. None of them presented anti-estrogenic activity. The analysed samples presented high levels of POP, sometimes associated with estrogenic activity, confirming the occurrence of endocrine disruptors in these animals. [less ▲]

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See detailLe microdamier: un outil du futur pour le diagnostic de l’inflammation ?
Mignot, Clémence ULg; Fraipont, Audrey ULg; Richard, Eric et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailMagnetically controlled superconducting weak links
Van de Vondel, J.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Raes, B. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2009), 95(3),

We have designed and characterized a magnetic template which can be switched between chains of parallel and antiparallel field distribution by applying an in-plane magnetic field. The parallel field ... [more ▼]

We have designed and characterized a magnetic template which can be switched between chains of parallel and antiparallel field distribution by applying an in-plane magnetic field. The parallel field profile creates highly mobile vortex channels in a superconducting film deposited on top, reproducing the behavior of a weak link as evidenced by the presence of Shapiro steps in the current-voltage characteristics under rf excitation. The Josephson coupling can be fully suppressed by changing the field distribution to the antiparallel state. As a result, a reversible ON/OFF switch for magnetically induced weak links has been demonstrated. [less ▲]

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See detailPowerPoint : Histoire de l'art et archéologie : l'Époque contemporaine : le XXe siècle
Bawin, Julie ULg

Learning material (2009)

Le cours a pour objet de fournir à la fois les données historiques, stylistiques et tout éclairage (d'ordre philosophique, sociologique, politique, économique, scientifique, littéraire...) utiles à la ... [more ▼]

Le cours a pour objet de fournir à la fois les données historiques, stylistiques et tout éclairage (d'ordre philosophique, sociologique, politique, économique, scientifique, littéraire...) utiles à la compréhension des formes d'expressions plastiques (architecture, peinture, sculpture, ainsi que, dans la mesure du possible, arts graphiques et arts dits "appliqués") qui se sont succédé et/ou opposé de 1900 à nos jours. [less ▲]

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