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See detailTowards a participative tool of decision-making aid as regards retail location-International Conference of Territorial Intelligence, Besançon 2008
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Devillet, Guénaël ULg; Jaspard, Mathieu ULg et al

in Papers on Tools and methods of Territorial Intelligence (2009)

Retail activities are more and more regulated. This regulation requires efficient management and decision support tools. In this framework, the University of Liège, in Belgium, work to implement this kind ... [more ▼]

Retail activities are more and more regulated. This regulation requires efficient management and decision support tools. In this framework, the University of Liège, in Belgium, work to implement this kind of tool on the Walloon Region. In this tool, a cartographic interface allows to locate, analyse and quantify retail supply.The interactive and multidimensional tool makes the diagnosis of a reference territory (the market area of a retail project) while permitting the implementation of a participative space regrouping the actors at least at two scales:intra communal and supra communal improving the governance in this sector. [less ▲]

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See detailL'etude UPLIFT (Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium).
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(1), 52-7

The UPLIFT study (Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium) was a double-blind, randomised, international, multicentric, placebo-controlled clinical trial, investigating with ... [more ▼]

The UPLIFT study (Understanding Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium) was a double-blind, randomised, international, multicentric, placebo-controlled clinical trial, investigating with tiotropium (Spiriva) the change in the annual rate of decline in FEV1 in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Secondary end points included COPD exacerbation rate with or without hospitalisation, lung function, quality of life and mortality. 5.993 patients were randomized. In this article, we briefly describe the most important results of the study. While tiotropium did not alter the annual rate of decline in FEV1 (pre and postbronchodilatation), it improved lung function and quality of life, and reduced exacerbations and hospitalisations by comparison with control for up to 4 years. Tiotropium also reduced respiratory and cardiac morbidity. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropologie et migrations africaines : une généalogie des recherches
Kuczynski; Razy, Elodie ULg

in Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales (2009), 25(3), 79-100

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See detailCollaboration industrielle et enseignement par projet en électronique de puissance
Plumier, Frédéric ULg; Bleus, Paul; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in J3eA : Journal sur l'Enseignement des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information et des Systèmes (2009), 8(Hors série 1), 1015

For the first time during year 2007-2008, a complete design of a DC/DC converter, based on specifications only, was asked to the students following the basic Power Electronics course at University of ... [more ▼]

For the first time during year 2007-2008, a complete design of a DC/DC converter, based on specifications only, was asked to the students following the basic Power Electronics course at University of Liège. This very realistic pedagogical way of teaching helped the students to be autonomous, to learn project and team work. [less ▲]

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See detailEffets de l'inoculation mycorhizienne du substrat sur la croissance et la résistance au stress hydrique de cinq espèces fixatrices de dunes : Acacia raddiana Savi ; Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Ex Del. var. adansonii ; Acacia senegal (L.) Willd ; Prosopis chilensis Stunz. et Bauhinia rufescens Lam..
Laminou Manzo, Ousmane; Ibrahim, D.; Campanella, Bruno ULg et al

in Geo-Eco-Trop (2009), 33

Effects of the addition of an indigenous mycorrhizal complex, coming from soils of Gouré and of Glomus intraradices in a non sterile culture substrate were assessed on five woody species, among which 3 ... [more ▼]

Effects of the addition of an indigenous mycorrhizal complex, coming from soils of Gouré and of Glomus intraradices in a non sterile culture substrate were assessed on five woody species, among which 3 acacias (A. nilotica, A. raddiana, A. senegal), Bauhinia rufescens and Prosopis chilensis, in a tree nursery and on a sand dune of Gouré. In the nursery, species underwent a water stress by interrupting the watering during six days. Foliar hydration has been determined in order to evaluate the respective effects of the mycorrhizal inoculation for water loss limitation. Mycorrhizal root colonization has been determined as well as plant height and total biomass. In a field experiment, inoculated and non inoculated species have been planted on a mechanically prefixed sand dune portion in order to evaluate the effects of mycorrhizal inoculations on growth in the field. Results in nursery showed that (i) the non sterile soil would contain some endogenous AMF (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi) as infectious as those in soils with mycorrhizal additions; (ii) addition of Glomus intraradices would be efficient to stimulate total biomass and (iii) natural mycorhization would be as efficient as both mycorrhizal addition for growth stimulation and water loss limitation by transpiration. Results on site confirm the comparable effectiveness of the natural mycorhization and mycorrhizal additions. Although the addition of G. intraradices appears to be slightly superior by some aspects on some species, the observed effects do not justify preferring it, when compared to indigenous composite inoculum or to natural mycorhization in this zone. [less ▲]

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See detailIn situ follow-up of adsorption in activated carbon beds using X-ray microtomography
Almazan, Maria del Carmen; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg et al

in Kaskel, S.; Llewellyn, P.; Rodriguez-Reinoso, F. (Eds.) et al Characterisation of Porous Solids VII - Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on the Characterisation of Porous Solids (2009)

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See detailImpaired semantic knowledge underlies the reduced verbal short-term storage capacity in Alzheimer's disease.
Peters, Frederic; Majerus, Steve ULg; De Baerdemaeker, Julie et al

in Neuropsychologia (2009), 47(14), 3067-73

A decrease in verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity is consistently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although this impairment has been mainly attributed to attentional deficits during ... [more ▼]

A decrease in verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity is consistently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although this impairment has been mainly attributed to attentional deficits during encoding and maintenance, the progressive deterioration of semantic knowledge in early stages of AD may also be an important determinant of poor STM performance. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of semantic knowledge on verbal short-term memory storage capacity in normal aging and in AD by exploring the impact of word imageability on STM performance. Sixteen patients suffering from mild AD, 16 healthy elderly subjects and 16 young subjects performed an immediate serial recall task using word lists containing high or low imageability words. All participant groups recalled more high imageability words than low imageability words, but the effect of word imageability on verbal STM was greater in AD patients than in both the young and the elderly control groups. More precisely, AD patients showed a marked decrease in STM performance when presented with lists of low imageability words, whereas recall of high imageability words was relatively well preserved. Furthermore, AD patients displayed an abnormal proportion of phonological errors in the low imageability condition. Overall, these results indicate that the support of semantic knowledge on STM performance was impaired for lists of low imageability words in AD patients. More generally, these findings suggest that the deterioration of semantic knowledge is partly responsible for the poor verbal short-term storage capacity observed in AD. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of the “Radiosity Importance Concept” in the Error Estimation in Radiative Heat Transfer Design of Spacecraft
Vueghs, Pierre ULg; Rochus, Pierre ULg; de Koning, Hans-Peter et al

in 1st INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF SPACE TECHNOLOGY - ICST 2009 (2009)

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See detailSocial security and early retirement: the relationship between workers, firms and government
Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

In this paper we survey a number of theoretical and empirical studies in order to propose explanations to the fall of labor force participation at older age. Starting from the largely studied effect of ... [more ▼]

In this paper we survey a number of theoretical and empirical studies in order to propose explanations to the fall of labor force participation at older age. Starting from the largely studied effect of social security schemes on labor supply, we explore the employers behavior and the role of governments in the development of early retirement schemes. We show that early retirement is the result of a global agreement between firms and government where workers have incentives to early exit the labor market due to generous non actuarial bene ts. Firms have an advantage to separate older workers because they are costly compare to young workers and governments hope that by pushing elderly into early retirement they will solve the massive unemployment problem. [less ▲]

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See detailVerslag van de workshop "Compétences terminales / Eindtermen ASO"
Rasier, Laurent ULg; De Valck, Inez

in Hiligsmann, Philippe (Ed.) Met Nederlands aan de slag / Au travail, en néerlandais (2009)

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See detailAntibubbles, liquid onions and bouncing droplets
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Terwagne, Denis ULg; Gilet, Tristan ULg et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2009), 344

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See detailContribution à l'étude de métabolites secondaires d'Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) en relation avec la coloration de l'insecte
Fischer, Christophe ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

This work aims to study secondary metabolites of Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coccinellidae) in relation with the insect color. To achieve this goal, two original quantification methods of insect secondary ... [more ▼]

This work aims to study secondary metabolites of Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coccinellidae) in relation with the insect color. To achieve this goal, two original quantification methods of insect secondary metabolites have been devised. The first one allows quantifying harmonine which is its main defense alkaloid; the other one permit to determine its emission rate of 2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine which is highly odorous compound probably involved in the communication between individuals and in the aposematism of this insect. As well, a method for characterizing the elytra color has been developed. First of all, a method of extraction, acetylation and purification of harmonine from Harmonia axyridis has been devised to obtain a calibration standard because this molecule is not available commercially. The identity of the compound extracted has been confirmed by mass spectrometry and NMR. The GC purity of this N,N-diacetylharmonine is of 100%. Its stability in acetonic solution at 4°C has been verified. Using this purified molecule, an original method of harmonine quantification has been developed by ultra fast gas chromatography and validated using accuracy profile. This method allows quantifying harmonine in one single insect. Afterward, an original method for determining the emission rate of 2-isopropylmethoxypyrazine of a Harmonia axyridis by TD-GC-MS has been validated. These two methods and the picture analysis script have been used to analyze 80 Harmonia axyridis divided in four groups of at least 15 individuals on basis of the morph type and the elytra hue. The mean 2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine emission rate of a Harmonia under stress is of 707 pg/4h with a standard deviation of 1766pg/4h. The mean harmonine content is of 106,6µg/individual with a standard deviation of 80,2µg/individual. So a strong variability between individuals is observed. Results have been statistically analyzed in order to show potential correlations between these factors. What emerges is that elytra color seems to be linked with the insect harmonine content and its pyrazine emission rate. Individuals with a non-melanic orange color present a harmonine content significantly higher than other studied colors while individuals with a melanic red color show a lower pyrazine emission rate. Leads explaining the high variability observed have been researched. It seems that elytra black pattern is mainly influenced by genetic factors and that the hue is influenced by environmental and seasonal factors. The harmonine content and the pyrazine emission rate do not seem influenced by the population of origin in a limited geographic area. These conclusions are to take with caution because of samples size. It only opens ways to future researches. The harmonine quantification method has been transposed to Coccinella septempunctata in order to study intraguilde predation by searching exogenous sequestrated alkaloids. It seems possible to use the image analysis script as classification and elytra color characterization tool. [less ▲]

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