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See detailBetaine Adducts of N-Heterocyclic Carbenes: Synthesis, Properties, and Reactivity
Delaude, Lionel ULg

in European Journal Of Inorganic Chemistry (2009), (13), 1681-1699

N-Heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) form stable zwitterionic adducts with a range of heteroallenes, ketenes, and allenes. Although the first representatives of this class of inner salts were first investigated ... [more ▼]

N-Heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) form stable zwitterionic adducts with a range of heteroallenes, ketenes, and allenes. Although the first representatives of this class of inner salts were first investigated as far back as the 1960s, they have enjoyed a sustained interest from the chemical community over the years. Depending on the nature of their anionic moiety, NHC betaines display a very broad palette of reactivities and have found applications in various fields of organic synthesis and catalysis. In this Microreview, the synthesis, properties, and reactivity of NHC betaines are surveyed. The NHCs under consideration include ylidenes derived from imidazole, benzimidazole, imidazoline, thiazole, or triazole, and the heteroallenes investigated so far are carbon dioxide, carbon disulfide, isocyanates, isothiocyanates, and their selenium analogues. A historical background is provided for each type of adduct under consideration, but emphasis is placed mainly on developments that have appeared in the literature within the past few years. ((c) Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2009) [less ▲]

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See detail“Jurilingüística : Las equivalencias interlingüísticas en Derecho »
Thiry, Bernard ULg

in Maria Rosa Álvarez Silva, Celia, Álvarez Moreno, Leonel Ruiz Miyaress (Ed.) Actas del XI Simposio Internacional de Comunicación Social (2009)

La communication proposée offre l'analyse des conclusions d'une expérience de terminologie juridique bilingue menées au travers d'une double publication : un dictionnaire juridique bilingue (français ... [more ▼]

La communication proposée offre l'analyse des conclusions d'une expérience de terminologie juridique bilingue menées au travers d'une double publication : un dictionnaire juridique bilingue (français - espagnol) de la Responsabilité civile et un ouvrage de synthèse sur la Terminologie et le Droit . Dans la ligne du titre du colloque, le Droit occupe un lieu significatif, puisque le problème d'intercompréhension qu'il pose consiste à établir les points d'équivalence possibles entre deux "mondes" (deux droits) par définition étrangers l'un à l'autre. Cette affirmation se fonde sur une analyse des domaines du savoir humain, orientée vers la démonstration de ce que le Droit entre, avec peu d'autres domaines, dans la catégorie de ceux qui n'ont pas de référent universel, ce qui, aux dires de certains, rend sa traduction prétendument impossible. Ensuite, la communication détaillera l'analyse des équivalences (et degrés de celles-ci) dont fait montre le dictionnaire cités ci-dessus, selon qu'il établit des catégories d'équivalence totale, d'équivalence partielle ou d'absence de toute équivalence possible. Cette analyse, avec tous les exemples illustratifs disponibles, cède alors le pas à plusieurs réflexions théoriques et conduit à proposer enfin une théorie de la traduction juridique :"qu'est-ce que traduire en droit?". [less ▲]

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See detailDielectric Multilayer Films Fabricated by Magnetron Sputtering: How Far Can the Iridescence Be Tuned?
Deparis, Olivier; Rassart, Marie; Vandenbem, Cedric et al

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (2009), 6

Periodic dielectric multilayer structures can generate interferential colours from optically transparent basic materials. Their iridescence property, i.e. the change of colour with the illumination or ... [more ▼]

Periodic dielectric multilayer structures can generate interferential colours from optically transparent basic materials. Their iridescence property, i.e. the change of colour with the illumination or viewing angle, is exploited in the industry to produce structurally coloured coatings and paints. Magnetron sputtering is an efficient technique for producing multilayer films owing to its ability to deposit films on large surfaces with excellent uniformity and reproducibility in both the film thickness and composition. Based on a theoretical model of the optical response, we investigated the iridescence tuning range of the technologically important SiO2/TiO2 material system. Radically different iridescent behaviours were predicted theoretically and demonstrated experimentally by selecting appropriate combinations of period and layer thickness ratio. [less ▲]

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See detailLes contrats immobiliers - Le mandat - Les agents immobiliers
Salzburger, Romain ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques Notariales (2009)

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See detailThe Transnational Political Participation of Immigrants A Transatlantic Perspective
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg; Martiniello, Marco ULg

Book published by Routledge (2009)

With the progress in communication and transport technologies, it has never been easier for migrants to stay connected with their country of origin. Facing the wide range of activities in which immigrants ... [more ▼]

With the progress in communication and transport technologies, it has never been easier for migrants to stay connected with their country of origin. Facing the wide range of activities in which immigrants are involved, governments in the country of origin and the country of destination have endeavoured to respond to these activities. Up until now, the question of the nature of political engagement across borders that migrants may pursue has yet to be studied in a broad sense. The purpose of this book is to establish to what extent the place in which immigrants settle (namely the region or country) might determine the types of political activity in which they engage. More precisely, it ascertains whether and for what reasons different forms of transnational political activity develop in the United States and Europe. Looking at a series of case studies from Europe and the USA, it identifies the full range of political activities and various similarities in the actions undertaken by communities based in the same area. With contributions from international experts, this insightful book will be of interest to postgraduates in the field of international politics, migration researchers, political scientists and policymakers. Table of Contents 1. Towards a transatlantic dialogue in the study of immigrant political transnationalism Marco Martiniello and Jean-Michel Lafleur 2. Migrant political transnationalism and the practice of democracy: Dominican external voting rights and Salvadoran home town associations Jose Itzigsohn and Daniela Villacres 3. The reinvention of political community in a transnational setting: framing the Kabyle citizens’ movement Michael Collyer 4. Contradictions of diasporic institutionalization in Mexican politics: the 2006 migrant vote and other forms of inclusion and control Robert Courtney Smith 5. The waxing and waning of the political field in Burundi and its diaspora Simon Turner 6. Religion as a path to civic engagement Peggy Levitt 7. Representing voiceless migrants: Moroccan political transnationalism and Moroccan migrants’ organizations in France Antoine Dumont [less ▲]

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See detailRhétorique de l'image dans le discours scientifique
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Tarasti, Eero (Ed.) Communication: Understanding/Misunderstanding Proceedings of the 9th Congress of the IASS/AIS - Helsinki-Imatra (2009)

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See detailNeed for high-standard translation methodology for the dissemination of guidelines.
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2009), 17(12), 1536-8

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See detailExposition "Diversité des primates" : Dossier pédagogique pour l'enseignement secondaire
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Hauglustaine, Céline

Learning material (2009)

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See detailWho's in charge? Nuclear receptor coactivator function in brain and behavior
Charlier, Thierry ULg

Scientific conference (2009)

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See detailPoésie et subversion. Rimbaud mauvaises manières.
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Bernadet, Arnaud (Ed.) Rimbaud, l'invisible et l'inouï (2009)

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See detailAmbiguïté du stage parental ou chronique d'une mort annoncée
Gerin, Corinne ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2009), 4

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See detailStudying the sivers function by model calculations
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Scopetta, S.; Vento, V.

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2009), 1105

A formalism is presented to evaluate the Sivers function in constituent quark models. A non-relativistic reduction of the scheme is performed and applied to the Isgur-Karl model. The sign for the u and d ... [more ▼]

A formalism is presented to evaluate the Sivers function in constituent quark models. A non-relativistic reduction of the scheme is performed and applied to the Isgur-Karl model. The sign for the u and d flavor contributions that we obtained turns out to be opposite. The Burkardt Sum Rule is fulfilled to a large extent. After the estimate of the QCD evolution of the results from the momentum scale of the model to the experimental one, a reasonable agreement with the available data is obtained. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailPS : baisse tendancielle ou conjoncturelle ?
Verjans, Pierre ULg

in Revue Nouvelle (2009), (mai-juin), 10-12

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See detailLong-term treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with strontium ranelate: Results at 8 years.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Sawicki, A. et al

in BONE (2009), 45

OBJECTIVES: Strontium ranelate 2 g/day has proven efficacy against vertebral and nonvertebral fracture over 5 years in postmenopausal osteoporosis, though many women require longer-term treatment. This ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Strontium ranelate 2 g/day has proven efficacy against vertebral and nonvertebral fracture over 5 years in postmenopausal osteoporosis, though many women require longer-term treatment. This article describes the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of this agent over 8 years. METHODS: Postmenopausal osteoporotic women having participated in the 5-year efficacy trials SOTI and TROPOS were invited to enter a 3-year open-label extension study. The results presented here focus on patients who received strontium ranelate for 8 years. RESULTS: At the extension baseline, the population treated for 8 years (n=879; 79.1+/-5.6 years) had femoral neck T-score of -2.61+/-0.71. The cumulative incidences of new vertebral and nonvertebral fractures (13.7% and 12.0%, respectively) over years 6 to 8 were non-statistically different from the cumulative incidences in the first 3 years of the original studies (11.5% and 9.6%). Lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip bone mineral density (BMD) increased throughout the 8-year period. Annual relative change in BMD was significant at every visit, except the 8-year visit for femoral neck and total hip BMD. Strontium ranelate was safe and well tolerated over 8 years. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term treatment with strontium ranelate 2 g/day in postmenopausal osteoporotic women leads to continued increases in BMD at all sites. The data also provide some evidence for a sustained antifracture efficacy. [less ▲]

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See detailInvasive plant species management tests in Southern Belgium
Delbart, Emmanuel ULg; Halford, Mathieu ULg; Pieret, Nora et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailOperational Determination of Multiqubit Entanglement Classes via Tuning of Local Operations
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2009), 102

We present a physical setup with which it is possible to produce arbitrary symmetric long-lived multiqubit entangled states in the internal ground levels of photon emitters, including the paradigmatic ... [more ▼]

We present a physical setup with which it is possible to produce arbitrary symmetric long-lived multiqubit entangled states in the internal ground levels of photon emitters, including the paradigmatic Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W states. In the case of three emitters, where each tripartite entangled state belongs to one of two well-defined entanglement classes, we prove a one-to-one correspondence between well-defined sets of experimental parameters, i.e., locally tunable polarizer orientations, and multiqubit entanglement classes inside the symmetric subspace. [less ▲]

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