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See detailMotor neuron disorders : novel electrophysiologic approach (MUFDEC protocol)
WANG, François-Charles ULg; Le Forestier, Nadine; WANG, Pascale ULg et al

in Clinical Neurophysiology (2009), Suppl(Vol 60), 143-152

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See detailThe reanalysis and grammaticalization of nominal constructions with kind/sort of: Chronology and paths of change.
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Davidse, Kristin

in Cantos Gómez, Pascual; Sánchez Pérez, Aquilino (Eds.) A Survey on Corpus-based research (2009)

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See detailAdult neurogenesis and the diseased brain.
Vandenbosch, Renaud ULg; Borgs, Laurence ULg; Beukelaers, Pierre ULg et al

in Current Medicinal Chemistry (2009), 16(6), 652-66

For a long time it was believed that the adult mammalian brain was completely unable to regenerate after insults. However, recent advances in the field of stem cell biology, including the identification ... [more ▼]

For a long time it was believed that the adult mammalian brain was completely unable to regenerate after insults. However, recent advances in the field of stem cell biology, including the identification of adult neural stem cells (NSCs) and evidence regarding a continuous production of neurons throughout life in the dentate gyrus (DG) and the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricles (SVZ), have provided new hopes for the development of novel therapeutic strategies to induce regeneration in the damaged brain. Moreover, proofs have accumulated this last decade that endogenous stem/progenitor cells of the adult brain have an intrinsic capacity to respond to brain disorders. Here, we first briefly summarize our current knowledge related to adult neurogenesis before focusing on the behaviour of adult neural stem/progenitors cells following stroke and seizure, and describe some of the molecular cues involved in the response of these cells to injury. In the second part, we outline the consequences of three main neurodegenerative disorders on adult neurogenesis and we discuss the potential therapeutic implication of adult neural stem/progenitors cells during the course of these diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling the Vertical Spincasting of Large Bimetallic Rolling Mill Rolls
Studer, Léo ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Ambrosio, J. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 7th EUROMECH Solid Mechanics Conference (2009)

In order to take into account the dynamic effects of molten metal during solidification, a methodology is presented to interface a metal solidification solver (coupled thermal mechanical metallurgical ... [more ▼]

In order to take into account the dynamic effects of molten metal during solidification, a methodology is presented to interface a metal solidification solver (coupled thermal mechanical metallurgical finite elements solver) with a specifically developed flow dynamics solver. (flow dynamics and thermics finite volume solver) The numerical set of tools is designed to be used for the simulation of bimetallic hot rolling mill rolls vertical spincasting. Modeling the industrial process for these products imply certain specifications on the numerical methods used, mainly due to the size of the geometrical domain, low Rossby & Ekman numbers, and a high Reynolds number. [less ▲]

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See detailACMEG-T: Soil Thermoplasticity Model
Laloui, Lyesse; François, Bertrand ULg

in Journal of Engineering Mechanics (2009), 135(9), 932-944

This paper addresses an advanced and unified thermomechanical constitutive model for soils. Based on experimental evidence showing the nonlinear and irreversible thermomechanical responses of saturated ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses an advanced and unified thermomechanical constitutive model for soils. Based on experimental evidence showing the nonlinear and irreversible thermomechanical responses of saturated soils, the constitutive equations of the developed model, Advanced Constitutive Model for Environmental Geomechanics-Thermal effect (ACMEG-T), are presented. In the context of elastoplasticity and critical state theory, the model uses the multimechanism plasticity and bounding surface theory. Nonlinear thermoelasticity is joined with two coupled thermoplastic dissipative processes. The yield functions, the dissipative potentials and the plastic multipliers are introduced. Attention is particularly focused on the coupling between both plastic mechanisms, an isotropic and a deviatoric one, which are in agreement with the consistency condition for multiple dissipation. As far as isotropic mechanism is concerned, a unique thermomechanical yield surface reproduces the thermoplasticity observed at low and intermediate overconsolidation ratios, as well as the plasticity under mechanical loading in an framework unifying mechanical and thermal hardenings. Finally, the efficiency of ACMEG-T is proven by validation tests on drained and undrained thermomechanical paths. [less ▲]

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See detailLes profils musculaires inertiels permettent une définition plus précise des charge d'entraînement.
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Quièvre, Jacques; Hanon, Christine et al

in Science & Sports (2009), (24), 91-94

Aims of the study : the aim of the present study was to explore the interest of inertial load-velocity and load-power relationships for establishing resistance training zones. Materials and methods : 35 ... [more ▼]

Aims of the study : the aim of the present study was to explore the interest of inertial load-velocity and load-power relationships for establishing resistance training zones. Materials and methods : 35 subjects went twice at the laboratory. The first session was used to determine bench press one repetition maximal (1RM) while the second session was used to determine load-velocity and load-power relationships by the means of an inertial dynamometer. For each subject four major training zones (maximal velocity, power-velocity, strength-power, maximal strength), defined from the 1RM, were compared to the corresponding training zones defined from inertial load-velocity and load-power relationships. Results: training zones defined from the 1RM are significantly different (p<0,001) from the ones based on load-velocity and load-power relationships. According to load-power and load-velocity relationships results, maximal bench press velocity should be trained from 0 to 23% of the 1RM ; power-velocity should be trained from 25 to 54% of the 1RM ; strength-power should be trained from 54 to 82% of the 1RM and maximal strength should be trained with superior loads. Such muscular profiles defined with inertial dynamometers allow a more acute and individualised prescription for power-velocity resistance training. [less ▲]

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See detailAlcohol consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome : a meta-analysis of observational studies
Alkerwi, A; Boutsen, M; Vaillant, M et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailBariatric surgery in patients with Type 2 diabetes: benefits, risks, indications and perspectives.
Scheen, André ULg; De Flines, Jenny ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg et al

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2009), 35(6 Pt 2), 537-43

Obesity plays a key role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and weight loss is a major objective, although difficult to achieve with medical treatments. Bariatric surgery has proven its ... [more ▼]

Obesity plays a key role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and weight loss is a major objective, although difficult to achieve with medical treatments. Bariatric surgery has proven its efficacy in obtaining marked and sustained weight loss, and is also associated with a significant improvement in glucose control and even diabetes remission. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass appears to be more effective in diabetic patients than the restrictive gastroplasty procedure. This may be explained not only by greater weight reduction, but also by specific hormonal changes. Indeed, increased levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) may lead to improved beta-cell function and insulin secretion as well as reduced insulin resistance associated with weight loss. The presence of T2DM in obese individuals is a further argument to propose bariatric surgery, and even more so when diabetes is difficult to manage by medical means and other weight-related complications may occur. Bariatric surgery is associated with a better cardiovascular prognosis and reduced mortality, even though acute and long-term complications are present. The observation that surgical rerouting of nutrients triggers changes in the release of incretin hormones that, in turn, ameliorate the diabetic state in the absence of weight loss has led to the recent development of innovative surgical procedures. Thus, bariatric surgery may be said to be progressing towards so-called 'metabolic surgery', which merits further evaluation in patients with T2DM within a multidisciplinary approach that involves both surgeons and endocrinologists. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergising an exchange network between trainers in health promotion in the long term
Giot, Catherine ULg; Gosselain, Yves; Vanesse, Catherine et al

in Archives of Public Health (2009), 67(Supplement 2), 27-28

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See detailIdéologies et hégémonie : la classe dirigeante au prisme des think tanks
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

in Quaderni : la Revue de la Communication (2009), 70 ("Think tanks, experts et pouvoirs")(automne), 69-77

This article seeks to rethink the world of think tanks as a sub-space constituting the field of power; growing links of this sub-space with media industry, economy and politics being expressed and ... [more ▼]

This article seeks to rethink the world of think tanks as a sub-space constituting the field of power; growing links of this sub-space with media industry, economy and politics being expressed and consolidated through the seamless movement of certain social agents. These representatives of the financial bourgeoisie have in fact a purely instrumental relation with liberalism, their pragmatism being well accommodated with a social discourse of public regulation. In this perspective, the denunciation of think tanks as a preferred vehicle for liberal ideology ignores the role of think tanks in the construction, reproduction and dissemination of a hegemonic discourse – that of capitalism – which uses both market idolatry and State fetishism. [less ▲]

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See detailSciences, technologies et société : Guide pratique en 250 questions
Wautelet, Michel; Duvivier, Damien; Ozer, Pierre ULg

Book published by De Boeck - 3e édition (2009)

Nous vivons incontestablement dans une société où les sciences et les technologies jouent un rôle essentiel. Étant donné le nombre grandissant de questions cruciales, possédant un ou plusieurs aspects ... [more ▼]

Nous vivons incontestablement dans une société où les sciences et les technologies jouent un rôle essentiel. Étant donné le nombre grandissant de questions cruciales, possédant un ou plusieurs aspects technoscientifiques, il est nécessaire que chacun puisse se faire une idée, personnelle, mais justifiée. Mais, entre le spécialiste, le technicien et le citoyen, une étape est généralement manquante. Lorsqu’on essaye d’en savoir plus sur une technologie donnée ou un problème scientifique complexe pour essayer d’effectuer des calculs d’ordres de grandeur, on trouve peu de données utiles. C’est le point de départ de cet ouvrage : associer des connaissances suffisantes de notions fondamentales de sciences à des données techniques afin d’en savoir plus sur une technologie donnée ou un problème scientifique complexe C’est donc au travers de 250 questions et réponses que le lecteur pourra appréhender des thématiques aussi diverses que le bâtiment, l’informatique, les énergies ou encore les transports. Ce livre s’adresse à plusieurs catégories de lecteurs. D’abord, au citoyen désireux de se faire une opinion sur certains thèmes à caractère technoscientifique. Au curieux aussi, qui veut savoir sur quoi reposent différentes technologies, quels sont leurs liens et implications avec la société. Aux enseignants, qui trouveront des données numériques, des formules de base pour illustrer leur cours de sciences. La volonté de cet ouvrage est de démontrer qu’il est possible d’appréhender des problèmes de société majeurs, à partir de notions scientifiques vues dans le secondaire. N’est-ce pas une voie à suivre pour recréer une dynamique nouvelle dans l’enseignement des sciences, et pour montrer aux enseignants et aux jeunes l’utilité des cours de sciences ? Ce livre s’adresse aussi à tous ceux qui ont mission d’informer le public. Ils trouveront ici des données, des raisonnements utiles pour, selon leurs propres sources, réévaluer certains chiffres officiels, analyser certains discours techniques ou politiques à l’aide de faits scientifiques et techniques. La plupart des réponses aux 250 questions qui suivent sont donc accessibles au plus grand nombre, ce qui fait de cet ouvrage un guide pratique à l’usage de tous ! [less ▲]

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See detailFirst-Principles conductance of nanoscale junctions from the polarizability of finite systems
Verstraete, Matthieu ULg; Bokes, Peter; Godby, Rex W

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2009), 130

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See detailDoes cognitive impairment influence burden in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease?
Germain, Sophie ULg; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Olivier, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Alzheimer's Disease [=JAD] (2009), 17(1), 105-114

Alzheimer's disease is characterized by a progressive deterioration of various cognitive and behavioral abilities and it also has a health impact on the patients’ caregiver. Our aim was to determine the ... [more ▼]

Alzheimer's disease is characterized by a progressive deterioration of various cognitive and behavioral abilities and it also has a health impact on the patients’ caregiver. Our aim was to determine the patient (and to a lesser extent the caregiver’s) characteristics that contribute most to the caregiver burden. We used the baseline data from the ICTUS study, a European longitudinal cohort of patients with mild to moderate AD. Data from 1091 patients and their caregivers has been used for analysis. Three principal components analyses were performed on variables from the domains of cognition, neuropsychiatric symptoms and daily function using MMSE plus ADAS-Cog, NPI and IADL subscores respectively. These were followed by a stepwise logistic regression to identify patient characteristics which best predict caregiver burden. The regression model (R2 = 0.35, p < .001) shows that the best explanatory variables are (1) neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPI), (2) difficulties in the IADL, (3) time taken by caregiving, (4) demographic variables such as caregiver’s age and patient sex and (5) severity of cognitive impairment. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that although the strongest determinant of the caregiver burden is behavioral disturbance, the impact of the degree of cognitive impairment on burden is also significant. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian beekeeping situation and the symptomatology as discriminatory tools
Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg; Mignon, Jacques ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Proceedings of the 4th Coloss Conference - Prevention of honey bee losses. COLOSS. Zagreb 3-4 March. abstract book p.8 (2009)

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See detailLes planètes
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailImidazol(in)ium-2-carboxylates as N-heterocyclic carbene precursors for the synthesis of second generation ruthenium metathesis catalysts
Sauvage, Xavier ULg; Demonceau, Albert ULg; Delaude, Lionel ULg

in Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis (2009), 351(11-12), 2031-2038

Five well-known ruthenium-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) catalysts for olefin metathesis and related reactions, including the second generation Grubbs and Hoveyda-Grubbs catalysts, were prepared by ... [more ▼]

Five well-known ruthenium-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) catalysts for olefin metathesis and related reactions, including the second generation Grubbs and Hoveyda-Grubbs catalysts, were prepared by phosphane exchange between first generation ruthenium-benzylidene or indenylidene complexes and NHCs generated in situ upon thermolysis of imidazol(in)ium-2-carboxylates. Because N-heterocyclic carbene -carbon dioxide adducts (NHC · CO2) are stable zwitterionic compounds that can be stored and handled with no particular precautions, this procedure is particularly attractive from a practical point of view. Reaction courses were conveniently monitored by 31P NMR spectroscopy and the experimental conditions were carefully adjusted to obtain high yields of pure products within short periods of time. [less ▲]

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See detailImmigration et diversité en Belgique
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Perrin, Nathalie ULg

in Matagne, Geoffroy; Beaufays, Jean (Eds.) La Belgique en mutation. Systèmes politiques et politiques publiques (1968-2008) (2009)

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See detailMultiaxial fatigue damage modelling at Macro scale of Ti6AL4V alloy
Marmi, Abdeljalil ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg; Duchene, Laurent ULg

in International Journal of Fatigue (2009), 31

The Lemaitre and Chaboche fatigue model is investigated in order to predict the fatigue life of tensile samples with and without notches, defining different stress concentration fields. Elastoplastic FE ... [more ▼]

The Lemaitre and Chaboche fatigue model is investigated in order to predict the fatigue life of tensile samples with and without notches, defining different stress concentration fields. Elastoplastic FE simulations based on anisotropic yield locus description were carried out in order to obtain the stress and strain distributions near the notch root. The Lemaitre and Chaboche fatigue model was applied using the point method (local approach) and the gradient method (non-local approach). [less ▲]

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See detailDirect regeneration of rattan seedlings from apical meristem and axillary bud explants
Kouakou, L. K.; Zoro Bi, I. A.; Kouakou, T. H. et al

in Belgian Journal of Botany (2009), 142(1), 60-67

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