References of "2009"
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See detailCurvilinear mesh generation for CFD
Remacle, J.-F.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Hillewaert, K.

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Spectral and High Order Methods (ICOSAHOM 2009) (2009)

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See detailDo Personality Traits Modulate the Effect of Emotional Visual Stimuli on Auditory Information Processing?
Mardaga, Solange; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Journal of Individual Differences (2009), 30(1), 28-34

Several lines of evidence attest robust relationships between personality dimensions and emotions, including cognitive aspect of emotion. More particularly, many studies reported strong relationships ... [more ▼]

Several lines of evidence attest robust relationships between personality dimensions and emotions, including cognitive aspect of emotion. More particularly, many studies reported strong relationships between extraversion, the behavioral activation system (BAS), and the cognitive processing of positive information, on the one hand, and between neuroticism, the behavioral inhibition system (BIS), and the processing of negative information, on the other hand. Recently, DePascalis, Awari, Matteucci, and Mazzocco (2005) reported that personality traits modulated the effect of the emotional visual stimuli on the mismatch negativity (MMN). The aim of the present study was to replicate these data and extend them to other personality dimensions. Auditory MMN was recorded in normal subjects simultaneously to the presentation of emotional pictures selected as neutral, positive, or negative from the International Affective Picture System, and presented in randomized order. The results support the recent finding that personality (namely, BIS and harm avoidance) modulates the influence of emotional (negative) context on auditory information processing. The present findings suggest that the modulation by personality of change detection in the unattended environment as a function of context valence is limited to unpleasant context. [less ▲]

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See detailPathologies sociales de la communication
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Questions de Communication (2009), 15

La communication, dans sa généralité et dans la perspective des travaux récents de l'Ecole de Francfort, est généralement pensée comme solution à diverses pathologies sociales (isolement, malentendus ... [more ▼]

La communication, dans sa généralité et dans la perspective des travaux récents de l'Ecole de Francfort, est généralement pensée comme solution à diverses pathologies sociales (isolement, malentendus réciproques, aliénation, etc.). Le présent article l'envisage comme un vecteur de pathologies spécifiques : anomie, censure, propagande, production d'idéologèmes divers. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly land plant evolution: a tremendous success story.
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

Conference (2009)

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See detailDC Magnetron Sputtering Deposition of Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles: Influence of Temperature, Pressure and Deposition Time on the Deposited Layer Morphology, the Wetting and Optical Surface Properties
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Cecchet, Francesca; Lucas, Stéphane

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (2009), 6

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were prepared on glass substrates by reactive DC magnetron sputtering. As highlighted by the atomic force microscopy characterization, we were able to control the ... [more ▼]

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were prepared on glass substrates by reactive DC magnetron sputtering. As highlighted by the atomic force microscopy characterization, we were able to control the nanoparticles' surface coverage and diameter by varying the deposition time and the total pressure, respectively. The titanium dioxide energy band gap, determined by using ultraviolet-visible, spectroscopy, depends on the total pressure but is quite independent of the deposition temperature. On the contrary, it is blue shifted when the pressure increases. Finally, the contact angles slightly decrease after ultraviolet illumination irrespective of the different deposition parameters, indicating an improvement of the hydrophilic properties of the adsorbed layer. After 21 h in dark, the contact angles are nearly identical to the ones before exposure to UV light: the samples do not keep their hydrophilic behaviour. [less ▲]

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See detailInformation du patient lombalgique : de la recherche à la pratique
Marty, Marc; Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2009), 76

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See detailModel calculations of the Sivers function satisfying the Burkardt sum rule
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Scopetta, S.; Vento, V.

in Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology (2009), 79(7),

It is shown that, at variance with previous analyses, the MIT bag model can explain the available data of the Sivers function and satisfies the Burkardt sum rule to a few percent accuracy. The agreement ... [more ▼]

It is shown that, at variance with previous analyses, the MIT bag model can explain the available data of the Sivers function and satisfies the Burkardt sum rule to a few percent accuracy. The agreement is similar to the one recently found in the constituent quark model. Therefore, these two model calculations of the Sivers function are in agreement with the present experimental and theoretical wisdom. © 2009 The American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailSources of phenotypic variation of life history traits in an invasive species, Senecio inaequidens DC. (Asteraceae)
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Conference (2009)

The importance of different sources of phenotypic variation, namely adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, environmental maternal effects, ploidy level and genetic drift, were estimated in several life ... [more ▼]

The importance of different sources of phenotypic variation, namely adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, environmental maternal effects, ploidy level and genetic drift, were estimated in several life history traits among populations of an invasive plant species within its invasion range. Several common garden experiments were set out, two of which in a reciprocal transplants experiment. The populations considered in this study were located in Belgium, in France and in the native range of the model species. Senecio inaequidens DC. (Asteraceae) is native to Africa. It was introduced in Europe via wool trade in the late 19th century. In the native range, the species occurs at two co-existing cytotypes: diploid and tetraploid. Only tetraploid individuals are reported in Europe. The particular and well-documented invasion history of S. inaequidens makes it an excellent plant model for evolutionary studies. Several life history traits were measured, related to germination, growth and sexual reproduction. The sources of phenotypic variation in those traits were analysed with respect to climatic variation along altitudinal gradients in the invaded areas. The influence of the ploidy level and the range (native vs introduced) on those traits was also analysed. Results showed that diploid and tetraploid populations differed, mainly in winter survival capacity. Along altitudinal gradients, clinal phenotypic differentiations with a genetic basis were observed among populations. However, environmental maternal effects were found to significantly influence phenotypic variation in areas with harsh climatic conditions. Monty A., Mahy G. 2009. Clinal differentiation during invasion: Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae) along altitudinal gradients in Europe. Oecologia 159:305–315. Monty A., Lebeau J., Meerts P., Mahy G. 2009. An explicit test for the contribution of environmental maternal effects to rapid clinal differentiation in an invasive plant. Journal of Evolutionary Biology22: 917-936 [less ▲]

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See detailDe l’Education physique aux Sciences de la motricité. Mise en place de la réforme « Bologne » à l’Université de Liège
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2009), 49(1), 24-34

En Communauté française de Belgique, l’application des directives européennes concernant l’harmonisation de l’enseignement supérieur s’est appuyée sur le désormais célèbre décret « Bologne » (Ministère de ... [more ▼]

En Communauté française de Belgique, l’application des directives européennes concernant l’harmonisation de l’enseignement supérieur s’est appuyée sur le désormais célèbre décret « Bologne » (Ministère de la Communauté française, 2004). Mis en application à partir de l’année académique 2004-2005, ce dernier a scellé l’avenir de plusieurs générations de jeunes et imposé de profondes modifications dans la structure des formations proposées depuis des décennies. Dans cet article, nous nous proposons de synthétiser les principaux changements dans l’organisation des études supérieures et d’illustrer le programme qui a été conçu dans le domaine de la motricité humaine au sein de l’Institut supérieur d’Education physique et de Kinésithérapie de l’Université de Liège. Nos propos visent à fournir des informations qui permettront aux porteurs de diplômes antérieurs à 2004 de se familiariser à la terminologie actuelle et à visualiser la manière avec laquelle l’université a évolué en réponse aux directives des pouvoirs publics. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of modelling uncertainties in long-term climate and sea level change projections "Aster"
Fichefet, T.; Loutre, M.-F.; Goosse, H. et al

Report (2009)

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See detailQuantum Entanglement Antibunching and Saturation of Atoms in Dipole Blockade
Gillet, Jérémie ULg; Agarwal, G. S.; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Conference (2009)

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See detailExploratory approach on a relationship between ration and mastitis prevalence in dairy herds
Froidmont, Eric; Delfosse, C.; Planchon, V. et al

in Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants (2009), 16

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See detailDevelopment and Validation of a Markov Microsimulation Model for the Economic Evaluation of Treatments in Osteoporosis.
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Value in Health (2009), 12(5), 687-696

ABSTRACT Objective: Markov models are increasingly used in economic evaluations of treatments for osteoporosis. Most of the existing evaluations are cohort-based Markov models missing comprehensive memory ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT Objective: Markov models are increasingly used in economic evaluations of treatments for osteoporosis. Most of the existing evaluations are cohort-based Markov models missing comprehensive memory management and versatility. In this article, we describe and validate an original Markov microsimulation model to accurately assess the cost-effectiveness of prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Methods: We developed a Markov microsimulation model with a lifetime horizon and a direct health-care cost perspective. The patient history was recorded and was used in calculations of transition probabilities, utilities, and costs. To test the internal consistency of the model, we carried out an example calculation for alendronate therapy. Then, external consistency was investigated by comparing absolute lifetime risk of fracture estimates with epidemiologic data. Results: For women at age 70 years, with a twofold increase in the fracture risk of the average population, the costs per quality-adjusted life-year gained for alendronate therapy versus no treatment were estimated at Euro 9105 and Euro 15,325, respectively, under full and realistic adherence assumptions. All the sensitivity analyses in terms of model parameters and modeling assumptions were coherent with expected conclusions and absolute lifetime risk of fracture estimates were within the range of previous estimates, which confirmed both internal and external consistency of the model. Conclusion: Microsimulation models present some major advantages over cohort-based models, increasing the reliability of the results and being largely compatible with the existing state of the art, evidence-based literature. The developed model appears to be a valid model for use in economic evaluations in osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe biology of bone formation in orthodontic tooth movement: a mathematical model
van Schepdael, A.; Vander Sloten, Jos; Geris, Liesbet ULg

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Mathematical Biology 2009 (2009)

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See detailFunctional analysis of an FLC-LIKE gene in root chicory
Périlleux, Claire ULg; Pieltain, Alexandra ULg; D'Aloia, Maria ULg et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Physiology (2009), 153A(2/Suppl.), 198-199

Vernalization is known to promote flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana by inhibiting the expression of a strong repressor: FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). The recent cloning of an FLC-LIKE gene in sugar beet (Beta ... [more ▼]

Vernalization is known to promote flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana by inhibiting the expression of a strong repressor: FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). The recent cloning of an FLC-LIKE gene in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris; BvFL1) and – here – in root chicory (Cichorium intybus; CiFL1) suggests the conservation of FLC biological function during evolution of eudicots. Hence physiological questions that remain difficult to address in Arabidopsis can be studied in other species. We investigated the correlation between CiFL1 expression and plant-age dependent responsiveness to vernalization. We also studied the effect of post-vernalization growing temperature, which can stabilize or erase the vernalized state. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial : Les invasions biologiques ... appréhender la démesure
Vanderhoeven, Sonia ULg; Branquart, Etienne; Mahy, Grégory ULg

in Parcs & Réserves (2009), 3

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See detailNear-intrared observations of the HE 0450-2958 system: discovery of a second active galactic nucleus?
Letawe, Géraldine ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg; Chantry, Virginie ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2009), 396(1), 78-84

The quasi-stellar object (QSO) HE 0450−2958 was brought to the front scene by the non-detection of its host galaxy and strong upper limits on the latter's luminosity. The QSO is also a powerful infrared ... [more ▼]

The quasi-stellar object (QSO) HE 0450−2958 was brought to the front scene by the non-detection of its host galaxy and strong upper limits on the latter's luminosity. The QSO is also a powerful infrared emitter, in gravitational interaction with a strongly distorted ultraluminous infrared companion galaxy. We investigate the properties of the companion galaxy, through new near- and mid-infrared observations of the system obtained with Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) onboard Hubble Space Telescope, Infrared Spectrometer and Array Camera (ISAAC) and Very Large Telescope Imager and Spectrometer in the Infrared (VISIR) on the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope. The companion galaxy is found to harbour a point source revealed only in the infrared, in what appears as a hole or dark patch in the optical images. Various hypotheses on the nature of this point source are analysed and it is found that the only plausible one is that it is a strongly reddened active galactic nucleus hidden behind a thick dust cloud. The hypothesis that the QSO supermassive black hole might have been ejected from the companion galaxy in the course of a galactic collision involving three-body black holes interaction is also reviewed, on the basis of this new insight on a definitely complex system. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction: Jacqmin dans ses poèmes
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2009), 35

Présentation de ce numéro, qui est la première monographie universitaire consacrée au poète liégeois François Jacqmin (1929-1992).

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See detailFormes et enjeux du premier Verlaine
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Acta Fabula : Revue des Parutions en Théorie Littéraire (2009)

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