References of "2009"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFormes et enjeux du premier Verlaine
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Acta Fabula : Revue des Parutions en Théorie Littéraire (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative analysis of painting recipes: a new contribution to the study of the texts of the Strasbourg family
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in HERMENS, Erma; TOWNSEND, Joyce (Eds.) Sources and Serendipity. Testimonies of Artists’ Practice (2009)

For many years, the Strasbourg Manuscript was believed to be the oldest German-language source for the study of Northern European painting techniques. Unfortunately, the manuscript was lost in the 1870 ... [more ▼]

For many years, the Strasbourg Manuscript was believed to be the oldest German-language source for the study of Northern European painting techniques. Unfortunately, the manuscript was lost in the 1870 fire at the Strasbourg Library, and the text only survives in a 19th-century transcription made for Eastlake (1847). Studies such as those of Ploss and more recently those of Oltrogge have already highlighted the existence of texts with very similar contents, grouping them under the name of the ‘Strasbourg family’. Since these studies, a clearly defined corpus of manuscripts has been established as belonging to this family. This paper shows the different degrees of connection between the texts and presents some suggestions concerning their compilation process. The possibility of collating different versions of an identical text and cross-checking recipes can also be exploited to learn more about the ways in which recipe books were compiled, and to provide information concerning their use and function. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSocial Enterprise: the Shaping of a New Concept in a Comparative Regional Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Defourny, Jacques; Develtere, Patrick; Fonteneau, Bénédicte (Eds.) et al The Worldwide Making of the Social Economy. Innovations and Changes (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUltrastructural detection of nucleic acids within heat shock-induced perichromatin granules of HeLa cells by cytochemical and immunocytological methods.
Charlier, Christine; Lamaye, Françoise ULg; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Structural Biology (2009), 166(3), 329-36

The perichromatin granules (PGs) are enigmatic structures of the cell nucleus. The major drawbacks for a biological study are their rare occurrence and their small size in normal conditions. As heat shock ... [more ▼]

The perichromatin granules (PGs) are enigmatic structures of the cell nucleus. The major drawbacks for a biological study are their rare occurrence and their small size in normal conditions. As heat shock has been shown to increase their number, we applied a hyperthermal shock on HeLa cells to investigate the nucleic acid content of PGs by means of cytochemical and immunocytological approaches. These heat shock-induced PGs (hsiPGs) appeared as clusters organized in the form of honeycomb structures and were always associated with some blocks of condensed chromatin, such as the perinucleolar chromatin shell. A stalk connecting the hsiPG to the chromatin could be observed. For the detection of RNA, we applied an immunocytological method involving two anti-RNA antibodies and quantified the gold labelling obtained. The results clearly revealed that hsiPGs contained RNA. Regarding to the detection of DNA, we used three different methods followed by quantitative analyses. The results seemed to indicate that a small amount of DNA was present in hsiPGs. Together, these findings suggest that hsiPGs might be RNP structures associated with particular regions of DNA. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)
See detailEconomie plurielle et régulation publique. Le quasi-marché des titres-services en Belgique
Henry, Arnaud; Nassaut, Stéphane; Defourny, Jacques ULg et al

Book published by Academia Press (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 239 (30 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDielectric Multilayer Films Fabricated by Magnetron Sputtering: How Far Can the Iridescence Be Tuned?
Deparis, Olivier; Rassart, Marie; Vandenbem, Cedric et al

in Plasma Processes and Polymers (2009), 6

Periodic dielectric multilayer structures can generate interferential colours from optically transparent basic materials. Their iridescence property, i.e. the change of colour with the illumination or ... [more ▼]

Periodic dielectric multilayer structures can generate interferential colours from optically transparent basic materials. Their iridescence property, i.e. the change of colour with the illumination or viewing angle, is exploited in the industry to produce structurally coloured coatings and paints. Magnetron sputtering is an efficient technique for producing multilayer films owing to its ability to deposit films on large surfaces with excellent uniformity and reproducibility in both the film thickness and composition. Based on a theoretical model of the optical response, we investigated the iridescence tuning range of the technologically important SiO2/TiO2 material system. Radically different iridescent behaviours were predicted theoretically and demonstrated experimentally by selecting appropriate combinations of period and layer thickness ratio. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFunctional analysis of an FLC-LIKE gene in root chicory
Périlleux, Claire ULg; Pieltain, Alexandra ULg; D'Aloia, Maria ULg et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Physiology (2009), 153A(2/Suppl.), 198-199

Vernalization is known to promote flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana by inhibiting the expression of a strong repressor: FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). The recent cloning of an FLC-LIKE gene in sugar beet (Beta ... [more ▼]

Vernalization is known to promote flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana by inhibiting the expression of a strong repressor: FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). The recent cloning of an FLC-LIKE gene in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris; BvFL1) and – here – in root chicory (Cichorium intybus; CiFL1) suggests the conservation of FLC biological function during evolution of eudicots. Hence physiological questions that remain difficult to address in Arabidopsis can be studied in other species. We investigated the correlation between CiFL1 expression and plant-age dependent responsiveness to vernalization. We also studied the effect of post-vernalization growing temperature, which can stabilize or erase the vernalized state. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (25 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the likely future of real-time transient stability ?
Ernst, Damien ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Pavella, Mania ULg

in Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE/PES Power Systems Conference & Exposition (PSCE 2009) (2009)

Despite very intensive research efforts in the field of transient stability during the last five decades, the large majority of the derived techniques have hardly moved from the research laboratories to ... [more ▼]

Despite very intensive research efforts in the field of transient stability during the last five decades, the large majority of the derived techniques have hardly moved from the research laboratories to the industrial world and, as a matter of fact, the very large majority of today's control centers do not make use of any real-time transient stability software. On the other hand, along all these years the techniques developed for real-time transient stability have mainly focused on the definition of stability margins and speeding-up techniques rather than on preventive or emergency control strategies. In the light of the above observations, this paper attempts to explain the reasons for lack of industrial interest in real-time transient stability, and also to examine an even more fundamental question, namely: is transient stability, as has been stated many decades ago, still the relevant issue in the context of the new power systems morphology towards more dispersed generation, higher penetration of power electronics, larger and more complex structures, and, in addition, of economic and environmental constraints? Or, maybe, there is a need for techniques different from those developed so far? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeed for high-standard translation methodology for the dissemination of guidelines.
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2009), 17(12), 1536-8

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCarte hydrogéologique de Wallonie 1/25000 71/5-6 Lamorteau-Ruette.
Bouezmarni, Mohamed ULg; Denne, Pierre; Debbaut, Vincent ULg

Cartographic material (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
See detailAnalyse des coûts/bénéfices dans le cadre de la lutte contre Diahotica virgifera Le Conte
Louppe, H.; Burny, Philippe ULg; De Proft, M. et al

Report (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRuthenium-arene complexes bearing imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylate ligands: Evaluation of their catalytic activity in the synthesis of enol esters
Willem, Quentin ULg; Nicks, Francois ULg; Sauvage, Xavier et al

in Journal of Organometallic Chemistry (2009), 694(25), 4049-4055

The catalytic activity of four ruthenium imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylates was evaluated for the synthesis of vinyl esters through addition of 4-acetoxybenzoic acid to 1-hexyne, and compared to those ... [more ▼]

The catalytic activity of four ruthenium imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylates was evaluated for the synthesis of vinyl esters through addition of 4-acetoxybenzoic acid to 1-hexyne, and compared to those of the parent ruthenium-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes and [RuCl2(p-cymene)(PPh3)] (a standard catalyst). It turned out that ruthenium imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylates were poorly active and selective. Quantitative yields, indeed, were obtained only after extended reaction times. However, the catalytic activity could be improved significantly under microwave heating or conventional heating in a sealed tube at 160 degrees C, driving the reaction to completion in less than 4 h of reaction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe partage des compétences et les relations intergouvernementales dans les fédérations belge et canadienne
Reuchamps, Min ULg; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Fournier, Bernard; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Le fédéralisme en Belgique et au Canada. Comparaison sociopolitique (2009)

In this comparative dialogue, we present possible avenues of comparison between power-sharing and intergovernmental relations in Belgium and in Canada. This dialogue follows the presentation of each ... [more ▼]

In this comparative dialogue, we present possible avenues of comparison between power-sharing and intergovernmental relations in Belgium and in Canada. This dialogue follows the presentation of each national situation done by A. Leton and J. Poirier for the Belgian federation and the Canadian federation respectively as well as the oral presentation by C. Behrendt. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (37 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLifetime and transition probability determinationin Xe IX
Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Enzonga Yoca, S.; Quinet, Pascal ULg et al

in Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer (2009), 110

A new set of transition probabilities is proposed for Xe IX.They have been calculated by two different theoretical approaches i.e. a fully relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock (MCDF) method and a ... [more ▼]

A new set of transition probabilities is proposed for Xe IX.They have been calculated by two different theoretical approaches i.e. a fully relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock (MCDF) method and a partly relativistic Hartree–Fock (HFR) approach takingcore-polarization effects in to account. Their accuracy has been evaluated through comparisons with lifetimeme asurements for 11 levels performed using beams of Xeþ ions produced by a 2 MVV an de Graaff accelerator. The agreement theory-experimentis nice for most of the levels and gives more weight to the theoretical models used for the calculations and, consequently,to the new transition probabilities [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClinal differentiation during invasion: Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae) along altitudinal gradients in Europe.
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Poster (2009)

Plant population differentiation may play a role in decreasing the ability to predict whether, where, and when an introduced species will invade. However, few studies have addressed the level of genetic ... [more ▼]

Plant population differentiation may play a role in decreasing the ability to predict whether, where, and when an introduced species will invade. However, few studies have addressed the level of genetic change an alien species may undergo during range expansion, e.g. in response to climatic variation with altitude. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that invasive populations of Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae) differentiated during migration from two independent introduction sites into divergent altitudinal and climatic zones. We carried out two years of common garden experiments with eight populations from a Belgian altitudinal transect and ten populations from similar French transect. Climatic analysis revealed that the Belgian transect followed a temperature and precipitation gradient. A temperature and summer drought gradient characterized the French study site. We evaluated differentiation and clinal variation in the following characters: days to germination, days to flowering, height at maturity, final plant height and aboveground biomass. Results showed that S. inaequidens populations differentiated in growth traits during invasion. First year of experiment, regressing population growth trait means against source population altitude indicated the presence of clinal variation along both transects. Second year, similar results were found along the French transect, i.e. a reduction in height at maturity, plant height and aboveground biomass with increasing altitude. Including seed mass as a covariate did not change the outcome of the analysis. The possible evolutionary causes for the differentiation observed are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolymerization of ortho-Substituted Phenylacetylenes with Well-Defined Ruthenium-Alkylidene Catalysts and Related Metathesis Initiators
Katsumata, T.; Shiotsuki, M.; Sanda, F. et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry And Physics (2009), 210(22), 1891-1902

The polymerization of (2-isopropoxyphenyl)acetylene was investigated using a wide range of well-defined ruthenium-alkylidene complexes and related olefin metathesis initiators. In view of its superior ... [more ▼]

The polymerization of (2-isopropoxyphenyl)acetylene was investigated using a wide range of well-defined ruthenium-alkylidene complexes and related olefin metathesis initiators. In view of its superior activity, the second generation Hoveyda-Grubbs catalyst was singled out for further studies. Only phenylacetylenes ortho-substituted with alkoxy, ester, fluoro, and silyl groups afforded polymers with moderate molecular weights. They were characterized by various analytical techniques, and their properties were pared with those of samples prepared using Rh and W initiators. The Ru-based polymers possessed high trans contents and took a helical conformation with predominantly one-handed screw sense when chiral side-chains were present. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSaturn's equinoctial auroras
Nichols, J. D.; Badman, S. V.; Bunce, E. J. et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2009), 36

We present the first images of Saturn's conjugate equinoctial auroras, obtained in early 2009 using the Hubble Space Telescope. We show that the radius of the northern auroral oval is similar to 1.5 ... [more ▼]

We present the first images of Saturn's conjugate equinoctial auroras, obtained in early 2009 using the Hubble Space Telescope. We show that the radius of the northern auroral oval is similar to 1.5 degrees smaller than the southern, indicating that Saturn's polar ionospheric magnetic field, measured for the first time in the ionosphere, is similar to 17% larger in the north than the south. Despite this, the total emitted UV power is on average similar to 17% larger in the north than the south, suggesting that field-aligned currents (FACs) are responsible for the emission. Finally, we show that individual auroral features can exhibit distinct hemispheric asymmetries. These observations will provide important context for Cassini observations as Saturn moves from southern to northern summer. Citation: Nichols, J. D., et al. (2009), Saturn's equinoctial auroras, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L24102, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041491. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDam Break Flow Modelling and Geographical Distribution of the Roughness Coefficient
Paulus, Raphaël ULg; Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proc. 33rd IAHR Congress: Water Engineering for a Sustainable Environment (pp. 2429-2436) (2009)

Dam break flow modelling is a major field of research. In order to enable risk analysis in the downstream valleys of dams, 2D numerical simulations are of prime interest. These are based on the ... [more ▼]

Dam break flow modelling is a major field of research. In order to enable risk analysis in the downstream valleys of dams, 2D numerical simulations are of prime interest. These are based on the conservative set of shallow water equations. Beyond their numerical implementation, the challenge of the computation relies on the ability to handle very huge sets of high-precision data, in order to get the highest possible accuracy, whereas the computational time must remain realistic for simulations carried out on real valleys topography. In this paper, a simulation on about 2 500 000 cells is presented. Particularly, the results are compared and discussed regarding especially the exploitation of landuse data for the roughness. Beyond the examples of validation, the relevance of the developed methodology appears to be essential in the framework of risk analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (36 ULg)