References of "2009"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail“Jurilingüística : Las equivalencias interlingüísticas en Derecho »
Thiry, Bernard ULg

in Maria Rosa Álvarez Silva, Celia, Álvarez Moreno, Leonel Ruiz Miyaress (Ed.) Actas del XI Simposio Internacional de Comunicación Social (2009)

La communication proposée offre l'analyse des conclusions d'une expérience de terminologie juridique bilingue menées au travers d'une double publication : un dictionnaire juridique bilingue (français ... [more ▼]

La communication proposée offre l'analyse des conclusions d'une expérience de terminologie juridique bilingue menées au travers d'une double publication : un dictionnaire juridique bilingue (français - espagnol) de la Responsabilité civile et un ouvrage de synthèse sur la Terminologie et le Droit . Dans la ligne du titre du colloque, le Droit occupe un lieu significatif, puisque le problème d'intercompréhension qu'il pose consiste à établir les points d'équivalence possibles entre deux "mondes" (deux droits) par définition étrangers l'un à l'autre. Cette affirmation se fonde sur une analyse des domaines du savoir humain, orientée vers la démonstration de ce que le Droit entre, avec peu d'autres domaines, dans la catégorie de ceux qui n'ont pas de référent universel, ce qui, aux dires de certains, rend sa traduction prétendument impossible. Ensuite, la communication détaillera l'analyse des équivalences (et degrés de celles-ci) dont fait montre le dictionnaire cités ci-dessus, selon qu'il établit des catégories d'équivalence totale, d'équivalence partielle ou d'absence de toute équivalence possible. Cette analyse, avec tous les exemples illustratifs disponibles, cède alors le pas à plusieurs réflexions théoriques et conduit à proposer enfin une théorie de la traduction juridique :"qu'est-ce que traduire en droit?". [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailÉvolution (1979-2008) des services d'hospitalisation en Belgique. Quels liens avec la hiérarchie urbaine ?
Trotta, Marie ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2009), 53

This research compares the spatial pattern of services provided in hospitals just before the introduction of the moratorium stopping the growth of the hospital sector (1979) with the current situation ... [more ▼]

This research compares the spatial pattern of services provided in hospitals just before the introduction of the moratorium stopping the growth of the hospital sector (1979) with the current situation (2008) by their relationship to urban hierarchy. The method used to analyze this relationship is the application of the statistic coefficient ϒ. This work shows that this relationship is significant for the two studied periods. However, the presence of a nearby faculty of medicine appears to interfere significantly on this relationship. The study also highlights a slight tendency to the strengthening of the aforementioned relationship. Besides, it demonstrates the existence of different spatial behaviours depending on the type of service. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 178 (58 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFractals and wavelets: What can we learn on transcription and replication from wavelet-based multifractal analysis of DNA sequences?
Arneodo, A.; Audit, B.; Brodie of Brodie, E. B. et al

in Meyers, Robert A. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (10 ULg)
See detailThe Quiet HMXB Candidates HD 14633 and HD 15137
McSwain, M. V.; Roberts, M. S. E.; Boyajian, T. S. et al

Conference (2009)

The runaway O-type binaries HD 14633 and HD 15137 were likely ejected from the cluster of their birth by supernovae explosions in close binaries. Neither star is a known X-ray source, but they likely ... [more ▼]

The runaway O-type binaries HD 14633 and HD 15137 were likely ejected from the cluster of their birth by supernovae explosions in close binaries. Neither star is a known X-ray source, but they likely contain neutron stars and may be weak stellar wind accretion systems. Hence the two binaries have been classified as "quiet HMXBs". Here we present new optical spectra of these spectroscopic binaries and reassess their orbits. We also present preliminary results from recent XMM-Newton observations, intended to detect the hard power-law spectrum from accreting or quiescent neutron star companions and reveal the evolutionary history of these intriguing runaways. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailATRP of Methacrylates Catalysed by Homo- and Heterobimetallic Ruthenium Complexes
Borguet, Yannick ULg; Sauvage, Xavier; Bicchielli, Dario ULg et al

in Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof (Ed.) Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization: Progress in ATRP (2009)

The catalytic activity of a series of ruthenium-based homo- and heterobimetallic complexes was determined by investigating the atom transfer radical polymerisation of methyl methacrylate. The complexes ... [more ▼]

The catalytic activity of a series of ruthenium-based homo- and heterobimetallic complexes was determined by investigating the atom transfer radical polymerisation of methyl methacrylate. The complexes under investigation were [(arene)Ru(µ-Cl)3RuCl(C2H4)-(L)] (L = PCy3 or a N-heterocyclic carbene ligand), [(p-cymene)-Ru(µ-Cl)3RuCl(=C=CHR)(PCy3)] (R = Ph or t-Bu), and [RuCl2-(p-cymene){PCy2(CH2)2(eta5-C5H4)TiX2(eta5-C5H5)}] (X = Cl, F, and OBz). The catalytic activity of a variety of related [(p-cymene)-ClRu(µ-Cl)2Ru(O‚^N)(=CHPh)] complexes (O^N is a Schiff base ligand) is also reported. The results clearly demonstrate that the ligands strongly affect the ability of the resulting ruthenium complexes to favour the occurrence of a well-behaved ATRP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDietary incorporation of feedstuffs naturally high in organic selenium for racing pigeons (Columba livia): effects on plasma antioxidant markers after a standardised simulation of a flying effort
Schoonheere, Nicolas ULg; Dotreppe, Olivier ULg; PINCEMAIL, Joël ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (2009), 93

Selenium is a trace element of importance for animal health. It is essential for adequate functioning of many enzymes such as, the antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase, which protects the cell ... [more ▼]

Selenium is a trace element of importance for animal health. It is essential for adequate functioning of many enzymes such as, the antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase, which protects the cell against free radicals. A muscular effort induces a rise in reactive oxygen species production which, in turn, can generate an oxidative stress. Two groups of eight racing pigeons were fed respectively with a diet containing 30.3 (control group) and 195.3 (selenium group) lg selenium/kg diet. The pigeons were submitted to a standardised simulation of a flying effort during 2 h. Blood was taken before and after the effort to measure antioxidant markers and blood parameters related to muscle metabolism. Plasma selenium concentration and glutathione peroxidase activity were significantly higher in the selenium group. There were no significant differences for the other measured parameters. As a consequence of the effort, the pigeons of the selenium group showed a higher increase of glutathione peroxidase activity and a smaller increase of plasma lactate concentration. Variations because of the effort in the other markers were not significantly different between the two groups. It is concluded that the selenium status was improved with the feeding of feedstuffs high in Selenium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPathologies sociales de la communication
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Questions de Communication (2009), 15

De la communication, souligner non les vertus, mais les vices ; examiner, au titre de ses pathologies - et plus spécialement de ses pathologies sociales -, non les biais dont elle peut faire l'objet, mais ... [more ▼]

De la communication, souligner non les vertus, mais les vices ; examiner, au titre de ses pathologies - et plus spécialement de ses pathologies sociales -, non les biais dont elle peut faire l'objet, mais ceux à la source desquels il arrive qu'elle se trouve ; l'envisager, non comme facteur de prévention ou de résorption de ces pathologies, mais plutôt comme leur éventuel vecteur d'aggravation circulaire, voilà comment pourrait être résumé à grands traits le propos du dossier ouvert dans la présente livraison de Questions de communication. Programme exorbitant : quelques articles réunis pour la cause ne sauraient épuiser ni même baliser avec précision une problématique pouvant aller, de façon très reçue, des phénomènes d'addiction électronique et des syndromes de déréalisation ou d'isolement induits par les technologies du virtuel aux dispositifs de propagande et autres techniques de lissage des différends politiques ou sociaux. Programme qui n'en paraîtra pas moins incongru au regard des conceptions enchantées de la communication et de la doxa qui l'institue non seulement en principe actif de la vie sociale en général, mais encore en ressource de première nécessité et en valeur indiscutable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (20 ULg)
See detailSystéme d'évaluation génétique pour les verrats Piétrain en croisement en Wallonie
Dufrasne, Marie ULg; Rustin, Maïté; Hammami, Hedi ULg et al

Computer development (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (25 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPulse pressure and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy according to duration of type 1 diabetes.
Philips, Jean-Christophe ULg; Marchand, Monique ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Diabetes/Metabolism Research & Reviews (2009)

BACKGROUND: To evaluate changes in pulse pressure (PP) and markers of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) according to duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: This cross-sectional ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: To evaluate changes in pulse pressure (PP) and markers of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) according to duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: This cross-sectional controlled study evaluated 159 diabetic patients during a 3-min posture test (standing-squatting-standing) with continuous measurement of systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and mean (MBP) blood pressure by a Finapres device. Arterial stiffness was indirectly assessed by PP and the slope of PP as a function of MBP calculated during the whole 3-min test. CAN was assessed by the expiration/inspiration pulse interval ratio (E/I R-R ratio) during deep breathing and by three indices measured during the squatting test. Patients were divided into four groups according to diabetes duration (<10 years, 11-20 years, 21-30 years and > 30 years from group 1 to group 4, respectively) and compared with age-matched non-diabetic subjects. RESULTS: PP progressively increased (p < 0.0001) and PP/MBP decreased (p < 0.0005) according to T1DM duration, whereas these parameters remained almost unchanged in age-matched control subjects. E/I ratio (p < 0.0001) and baroreflex gain (p < 0.0005) progressively decreased with T1DM duration. The parasympathetic index (squatting test vagal ratio-SqTv) significantly increased (p < 0.0001), whereas the sympathetic index (squatting test sympathetic ratio-SqTs) only tended to decrease (p = 0.12) according to diabetes duration. No such changes in CAN indices were observed in the non-diabetic population. CONCLUSIONS: PP increased according to T1DM duration in an age range where PP remained almost stable in controls, in agreement with accelerated arterial stiffening due to chronic hyperglycaemia. The baroreflex gain decreased and other indices of CAN also deteriorated with diabetes duration, more so indices reflecting parasympathetic rather than sympathetic dysfunction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalyse de l'effet du type de tâche sur l'évolution des connaissance à la suite d'un processus d'apprentissage collaboratif
Dejean, Karine ULg

in Revue Internationale de Pédagogie de l'Enseignement Supérieur (2009)

Cette recherche longitudinale analyse l’effet du type de tâche sur l’évolution des connaissances à la suite d’un processus d’interaction. Deux types de tâches sont analysées. La méthode de collecte des ... [more ▼]

Cette recherche longitudinale analyse l’effet du type de tâche sur l’évolution des connaissances à la suite d’un processus d’interaction. Deux types de tâches sont analysées. La méthode de collecte des données consiste en un entretien semi-directif. Les résultats montrent que les groupes se distinguent selon le type de tâche qui leur est assigné [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssociation between asthma control and bronchial hyperresponsiveness and airways inflammation: a cross-sectional study in daily practice.
Quaedvlieg, Valérie ULg; Sele, Jocelyne ULg; Henket, Monique ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2009), 39

Summary Background The primary end-point in the management of asthma is to obtain optimal control. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the markers of airway inflammation (sputum ... [more ▼]

Summary Background The primary end-point in the management of asthma is to obtain optimal control. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the markers of airway inflammation (sputum eosinophilia and exhaled nitric oxide), bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and asthma control. Methods One hundred and thirty-four patients were recruited from our asthma clinic between January 2004 and September 2005 [mean age: 42 years, mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)): 86% predicted]. Eighty-six of them were treated by inhaled corticosteroids, 99 were atopic and 23 were current smokers. They all underwent detailed investigations including fractional-exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) measurement, sputum induction and methacholine challenge when FEV(1) was >70% predicted, and filled in a validated asthma control questionnaire (ACQ6 Juniper). Results When dividing patients into the three groups according to their level of asthma control determined by ACQ [well-controlled asthma (ACQ score </=0.75), borderline (0.75<ACQ score <1.5) and uncontrolled asthma (ACQ score >/=1.5)], it appeared that uncontrolled asthmatics had a greater BHR to methacholine and sputum eosinophilia than controlled asthma (P<0.05, P<0.001, respectively). By contrast, we failed to show significant differences in the FE(NO) levels between the groups. With receiver-operating characteristic curves for differentiating uncontrolled (ACQ>/=1.5) from controlled and borderline (ACQ<1.5) asthma, sputum eosinophilia and methacholine responsiveness were found to be more accurate than FE(NO) (area under the curve: 0.72, 0.72 and 0.59, respectively). Conclusion In a broad spectrum of asthmatics encountered in clinical practice, sputum eosinophilia and methacholine bronchial hyperresponsiveness, but not FE(NO), are associated with uncontrolled asthma. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUn bouleversement de la procédure pénale en vue : la présence de l’avocat dès l’arrestation judiciaire du suspect ?
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRing dike system to harness floodwater from the Mekong River for paddy rice cultivation in the Tonle Sap Lake floodplain in Cambodia
Someth, Paradis; Kubo, Narita; Tanji, Hajime et al

in Agricultural Water Management (2009), 96

Located in the floodplain of the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap River, Batheay irrigation system and its reservoir directly receive floodwater from the Mekong. The Batheay reservoir formedby a ring dike ... [more ▼]

Located in the floodplain of the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap River, Batheay irrigation system and its reservoir directly receive floodwater from the Mekong. The Batheay reservoir formedby a ring dike functions as botha reservoir anda paddy field. In thewet season, the ring dike prevents floodwater fromentering the reservoir and rainy season rice is growninside the dike. After harvesting, the gateson the ring dike are openedto receive floodwater. The water is stored inside the dike for cultivating dry season rice outside the dike. In this paper, the irrigation system is studied as a model site for future development of the floodplain of the Tonle Sap Lake of Cambodia. Specifically, this paper is concerned with the study of water balance and analysis of the hydrologic components of the Batheay irrigation system, and the effectiveness of the ring dike system. The study found that floodwater of the Mekong River contributed about 74% to the total inflow to the Batheay reservoir. Contributions to the total water supply of reservoir water, floodwater remaining in the fields, and precipitation were 73, 12, and 15%, respectively. The efficiency of the systemwas found to be 92%. The dike system is expected to be a paradigm for the floodplain of the Tonle Sap Lake. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (7 ULg)
See detailNationalisme et mixophobie
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Collectif (Ed.) Entre les murs (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLimit analysis of the statistics of quasi-steady non-linear aerodynamic forces for small turbulence intensities
Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics (2009), 24(4), 552-564

This paper focuses on the estimation of statistical characteristics of a specific quasi-steady wind loading used in buffeting analyses. In this loading, the intrinsic non-linearity of aerodynamic ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the estimation of statistical characteristics of a specific quasi-steady wind loading used in buffeting analyses. In this loading, the intrinsic non-linearity of aerodynamic coefficients is considered and approached by a polynomial expression of any a priori chosen degree. As rigorous developments of the statistical moments would result in impractical formulations, we suggest to consider the smallness of the turbulence intensities to construct, by means of a limit analysis, approximate expressions of the raw moments of aerodynamic forces. From these expressions, approximate cumulants and associated dimensionless characteristics, such as skewness and excess coefficients, are derived. The accuracy of the proposed analytical relations is assessed by comparison with Monte Carlo simulations, and the relevance of the sophisticated non-linear loading under consideration is compared to more traditional models. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (13 ULg)
See detailThe Genres of American Popular Culture
Delville, Michel ULg

Learning material (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles by reactive DC magnetron sputtering
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Colomer, Jean-François; Limage, Hervé et al

in Thin Solid Films (2009), 518

Nanometer-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles were prepared on carbon substrates by reactive direct-current magnetron sputtering. By performing measurements with high resolution electron microscopes ... [more ▼]

Nanometer-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles were prepared on carbon substrates by reactive direct-current magnetron sputtering. By performing measurements with high resolution electron microscopes, the mean nanoparticle diameter and the coverage fraction of the substrate by the nanoparticles (NPs) were measured at 19 nm and 30%, respectively. Moreover, electron diffraction analysis showed that the TiO2 NPs' crystalline structure on the carbon substrate was a mixture of anatase and rutile. Finally,we provided information on the TiO2 initial growth stage: crystalline NPs were formed after deposition of amorphous nanoparticles on the substrate and heating. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (11 ULg)