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See detailSexual size dimorphism in the evolutionary context of facultative paedomorphosis: insights from European newts
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Ivanovic, Ana; Dzukic, Georg et al

in BMC Evolutionary Biology (2009), 9

BACKGROUND:Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is a key evolutionary feature that has been studied in many organisms. In a wide range of species, this pattern is more complex because of polymorphism within each ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND:Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is a key evolutionary feature that has been studied in many organisms. In a wide range of species, this pattern is more complex because of polymorphism within each sex. However, it is not known whether the magnitude and direction of SSD could be affected by alternative developmental trajectories within sexes. Our aim was to test whether an intrasexual polymorphism, facultative paedomorphosis (a process in which the development of somatic and gonadal tissues differs in alternative morphs), could affect SSD variation patterns in European newts. RESULTS:We report here the first evidence that SSD varies depending on the paedomorphic or metamorphic ontogenetic pathway. In species with a consistent female-biased SSD, paedomorphosis decreased the SSD level, but did not affect its direction. In species with moderate female-biased SSD or variable SSD patterns, paedomorphosis changed the magnitude, or both the magnitude and the direction, of SSD. CONCLUSIONS:Our study highlights the importance of developmental processes for shaping SSD patterns in populations in which contrasting life-history pathways evolved. European newts express different SSD patterns depending on their developmental pathway (i.e., metamorphosis versus paedomorphosis), as well as their species and population. These findings emphasize the importance of studying alternative morphotypes, which are found in a wide range of animal groups, to understand the evolution of SSD. [less ▲]

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See detailSet-up of Z- and E-guggulsterones purification method from guggul-gum extracts by liquid chromatography and study of their activities on human preadipocytes differentiation
Hanon, Emilien ULg; Keophiphath, Mayoura; Jacquemond-Collet, Ingrid et al

Poster (2009)

The rising prevalence of obesity within both industrialized and emerging societies is a major public health problem. Indeed obesity is a usual risk factor in the development of metabolic and ... [more ▼]

The rising prevalence of obesity within both industrialized and emerging societies is a major public health problem. Indeed obesity is a usual risk factor in the development of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases which nowadays rank among the highest causes of premature death. Therefore, modulating fat mass expansion represents a worldwide challenge. In this context, adipocyte differentiation, which corresponds to the cellular transition of a fibroblastic cell (the preadipocyte) to a highly specialized cell accumulating triglycerides (the adipocyte), is a decisive process in the expansion of adipose tissue during life span and consequently, in the development of obesity. Adipogenesis markers such as PPARg2, C/EBPa, lipoprotein lipase (LPL), perilipin (PLIN) and the adipokines (leptin and adinopectin) are known to be expressed throughout the different stages of adipocyte differentiation. Guggulsterones are the principal bioactive steroidal components found in the oleoresin (guggul gum) collected from the indian guggul tree, Commiphora mukul (Hook, ex Stocks) Engl. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the two purified diastereoisomeric forms of guggulsterones (Z- and E-) on the human preadipocytes proliferation and differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe post-Born-Oppenheimer regime: dynamics of electronic motion in molecules by attosecond few-cycle spectroscopy
Muskatel, B. H.; Remacle, Françoise ULg; Levine, R. D.

in Physica Scripta (2009), 80(4),

Dynamics of electronic motion when the nuclei are clamped is discussed and shown to be always described as a superposition of adiabatic electronic states. These states are stationary when the nuclei are ... [more ▼]

Dynamics of electronic motion when the nuclei are clamped is discussed and shown to be always described as a superposition of adiabatic electronic states. These states are stationary when the nuclei are clamped but their superposition leads to multiply periodic motion where the natural frequencies are the differences in the energies of the adiabatic electronic states. When one or more of the frequencies are low and the atoms are allowed to move, the electronic rearrangement is commensurate with the motion of the nuclei. This is the usual breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. But when the electronic frequencies are higher there is an electronic motion before the nuclei move. The motion can be demonstrated through expectation values such as the multipole moments of the charge distribution. Such superposition states will be excited when the laser pulse width in energy exceeds the spacings of the states. For low-lying valence excited or low Rydberg states this requires a femtosecond or shorter laser pulse. Since the carrier frequency has to be comparable to the excitation energy, the required laser pulses must span only a few cycles. [less ▲]

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See detailLes linguistes et leurs graphiques. Introduction
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Cahiers Parisiens = Parisian Notebooks (2009), 5

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See detailIdentità definite per contrasto. Immagini del personaggio D’Annunzio e rappresentazioni dell’io in alcuni poeti del Novecento
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

in Curreri, Luciano (Ed.) D’Annunzio come personaggio nell’immaginario italiano ed europeo (1938-2008) (2009)

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See detailMonitoring an Odour in the Environment with an Electronic Nose: Requirements for the Signal Processing
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in Gutierrez, Agustin; Marco, S. (Eds.) Biologically Inspired Signal Processing for Chemical Sensing (2009)

Artificial olfaction system (the so-called electronic nose) is a very promising tool to monitor the malodour in the field. Usual odour measurement techniques use human olfaction or analytical techniques ... [more ▼]

Artificial olfaction system (the so-called electronic nose) is a very promising tool to monitor the malodour in the field. Usual odour measurement techniques use human olfaction or analytical techniques. The first category represents the real odour perception but is not applicable to measure in continuous bad odours in the field. The second class of techniques gives the composition of the mixture but not the global information representative of the odour perception. The e-nose has the potentialities to combine “the odour perception” and the “monitoring in the field”. However to be able to reach this goal, the signal processing has to be adapted to work in complex environment. We have more than teen years experiments in the measure of environmental malodours in the field and the paper presents the minimal requirements that we consider essential for artificial olfaction system to become successful for this application. [less ▲]

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See detailDati, ipotesi e strategie di gruppo per rilanciare l'italiano nel Belgio francofono
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Manica, Giuseppe (Ed.) Promozione e diffusione della lingua italiana in Belgio (2009)

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See detailModel calculations of the Sivers function satisfying the Burkardt sum rule
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Scopetta, S.; Vento, V.

in Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology (2009), 79(7),

It is shown that, at variance with previous analyses, the MIT bag model can explain the available data of the Sivers function and satisfies the Burkardt sum rule to a few percent accuracy. The agreement ... [more ▼]

It is shown that, at variance with previous analyses, the MIT bag model can explain the available data of the Sivers function and satisfies the Burkardt sum rule to a few percent accuracy. The agreement is similar to the one recently found in the constituent quark model. Therefore, these two model calculations of the Sivers function are in agreement with the present experimental and theoretical wisdom. © 2009 The American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailReproduction assistée dans l’espèce équine : collecte, évaluation, maturation et utilisations d’ovocytes équins
Deleuze, Stefan ULg; Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Hanzen, Christian ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2009), 153(1), 22-30

Malgré le faible nombre d’ovocytes équins disponibles pour la recherche, des techniques de reproduction assistée récemment développées dans cette espèce permettent maintenant de produire des embryons en ... [more ▼]

Malgré le faible nombre d’ovocytes équins disponibles pour la recherche, des techniques de reproduction assistée récemment développées dans cette espèce permettent maintenant de produire des embryons en utilisant des étalons et des juments subfertiles ou même de sauvegarder leur potentiel génétique après leur mort. Cette revue de littérature décrit les aspects cliniques de la collecte d’ovocytes ex vivo ou in vivo, leur évaluation, leur maturation in vitro et leur utilisation pour le transfert intra-folliculaire ou salpyngien et l’injection intra-cytoplasmique de spermatozoïde. [less ▲]

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See detailNon destructive testing by digital shearography using a Savart plate
Michel, Fabrice ULg; Blain, Pascal ULg; Renotte, Yvon ULg et al

Poster (2009)

Shearography is a growing optical technique in the field of non-destructive testing (NDT). Hololab developed an out of plane, in line and almost common path interferometer based on polarization states ... [more ▼]

Shearography is a growing optical technique in the field of non-destructive testing (NDT). Hololab developed an out of plane, in line and almost common path interferometer based on polarization states separation using a coated prism for digital phase-shifting shearography. This setup is efficient but does not allow varying the shearing direction, that is an important parameter for defects detection and quantification. To overcome this disadvantage, the coated prism is substituted by a Savart plate device that allows scanning several shearing directions by rotating the device around the light propagation axis. Many advantages of the prism substitution are discussed. The behaviour of the Savart plate as a shearing device is experimentally analyzed to optimize its integration within the interferometer. Recorded phasemaps in NDT for different shearing directions are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailINHIBITION OF mRNA export and dimerization of interferon regulatory factor 3 by Theiler's virus leader protein
RICOUR, Céline ULg; DELHAYE, S; HATO, SV et al

in Journal of General Virology (2009), 90

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See detailGazing at Gawain: Reconsidering Tournaments, Courtly Love, and the Lady Who Looks
L'Estrange, Elizabeth ULg

in Medieval Feminist Forum [= MFF] (2009), 42

Historians have long acknowledged the importance of the female spectator in actual, staged, tournaments, and literary critics have noted her intrinsic role in the tournaments of romance texts.In both ... [more ▼]

Historians have long acknowledged the importance of the female spectator in actual, staged, tournaments, and literary critics have noted her intrinsic role in the tournaments of romance texts.In both cases, she functions as an inspiration to the male knight performing on the field, and as a means of constructing his masculinity.The potential agency of this female spectator who was able to look down on male bodies from a privileged viewing position has, however, been generally overlooked by art historians.This article uses the tournament context, in which women look at men (and vice versa), as a way of moving beyond the binary oppositions such as masculine/feminine, active/passive, that have traditionally structured discussions of gender and the gaze. By looking in particular at the imagery on carved ivory objects made for women, and their relationship to contemporary literature, I will argue for a more nuanced consideration of the ways women were able to look in the Middle Ages. [less ▲]

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See detailDes savoirs scolaires aux compétences. Une réforme en Communauté française de Belgique
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Voos, Marie-Catherine ULg

in Audigier, F.; Tutiaux-Guillon, N. (Eds.) Changements du monde, changements des savoirs et des pratiques de référence, changements des curriculums (2009)

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See detailExploring the L1-L2 relationship in the L2 acquisition of prosody
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe

Conference (2009)

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See detailHistorique de la fièvre catarrhale ovine
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Gourreau, J. M. (Ed.) Fièvre catarrhale ovine (2009)

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See detailDéveloppement des filières Jatropha décentralisées au Sénégal
Terren, Marieke ULg; Saverys, S.; Jacquet de Haverskercke, P et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailBehaviour of an engineered clay barrier involved in a prospective nuclear waste isolation system
François, Bertrand ULg; Laloui, Lyesse

in 1st International Symposium on Computational Geomechanics (ComGeo I) (2009)

In a few years, safe and definitive solutions should be ready to manage large quantities of high-level radioactive waste. Deep geological repository involving a multibarrier system constitutes one of the ... [more ▼]

In a few years, safe and definitive solutions should be ready to manage large quantities of high-level radioactive waste. Deep geological repository involving a multibarrier system constitutes one of the most promising options to isolate such waste from the human environment. In order to provide reasonable assurance of the waste isolation efficiency, it is essential to understand the behaviour of the confining geomaterials under a variety of environmental conditions. In particular, variations in temperature and humidity are two main critical aspects in the short and medium term (i.e. several thousands of years). To this end, results from a near-to-real scale experiment were studied by means of a thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) finite element approach including a consistent thermo-plastic constitutive model for unsaturated soils. This enabled a comprehensive understanding of the behaviour of the buffer material (bentonite). [less ▲]

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See detailTroubles des émotions et de la cognition sociale. Traité de Neuropsychologie de l’enfant.
Catale, Corinne ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg

in Poncelet, Martine; Majerus, Steve; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de Neuropsychologie de l’enfant (2009)

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See detailTroubles de la rétention à court terme
Majerus, Steve ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg

in Poncelet, Martine; Majerus, Steve; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de Neuropsychologie de l'Enfant (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (12 ULg)