References of "2009"
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See detailIntroduction au débat "Le lait, les agriculteurs, l'Europe"
Burny, Philippe ULg

Scientific conference (2009)

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See detailStability analysis of the evaporation of a binary liquid into an inert gas, considering solute/thermal and gravity/surface tension effects
Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Rednikov, A.; Colinet, P. et al

in Proceedings (CD) of the EUROTHERM Seminar Nr. 84 “Thermodynamics of phase changes”, Namur (Belgium), May 24-27, 2009 (2009)

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See detailConcurrent chikungunya and dengue virus infections during simultaneous outbreaks, Gabon, 2007.
Leroy, Eric M.; Nkoghe Mba, Dieudonne ULg; Ollomo, Benjamin et al

in Emerging Infectious Diseases (2009), 15(4), 591-3

An outbreak of febrile illness occurred in Gabon in 2007, with 20,000 suspected cases. Chikungunya or dengue-2 virus infections were identified in 321 patients; 8 patients had documented co-infections ... [more ▼]

An outbreak of febrile illness occurred in Gabon in 2007, with 20,000 suspected cases. Chikungunya or dengue-2 virus infections were identified in 321 patients; 8 patients had documented co-infections. Aedes albopictus was identified as the principal vector for the transmission of both viruses. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of partial or total replacement of forage fish by a dry diet on the quality of reproduction in pikeperch, Sander lucioperca
Wang, Neil; Mandiki, S. N. M.; Henrotte, Emilie et al

in Aquaculture Research (2009), 40(3), 376-383

The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the influence of different feeding regimes on the quality of reproduction in pikeperch. Three diets were tested: forage fish (FF), a commercial dry feed ... [more ▼]

The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the influence of different feeding regimes on the quality of reproduction in pikeperch. Three diets were tested: forage fish (FF), a commercial dry feed (DD) and a mix of both (FD). The diets were given to fish throughout a complete reproductive cycle. During the spawning season, couples were injected with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and let to spawn on nests. Proportion of running males, spawning and hatching success and larval quality (weight, length, body protein, total lipid, fatty acid and lipid class compositions and resistances to osmotic shock and starvation stress tests at hatching) were evaluated. The proportion of running male was lower in the DD group than in the FF and FD groups (54% for DD against 76-89% for FF and FD). In addition, 25%, 62.5% and 75% of injected couples gave spawning that hatched in DD, FF and FD groups respectively. Larval quality parameters were not significantly different between treatments. The results indicate that overall quality of reproduction was higher in FF and FD treatments than in DD. It suggests that the dry feed used was not totally adequate for pikeperch reproduction. Relations between breeder reproductive performances and the feed compositions are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAn iterative approach for the solution of multiple-scattering problems at high-frequencies using finite elements
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the conference The Mathematics of Finite Elements and Applications (MAFELAP 2009) (2009)

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See detailCommon variants in the NLRP3 region contribute to Crohn's disease susceptibility.
Villani, Alexandra-Chloé; Lemire, Mathieu; Fortin, Geneviève et al

in Nature Genetics (2009), 41(1), 71-6

We used a candidate gene approach to identify a set of SNPs, located in a predicted regulatory region on chromosome 1q44 downstream of NLRP3 (previously known as CIAS1 and NALP3) that are associated with ... [more ▼]

We used a candidate gene approach to identify a set of SNPs, located in a predicted regulatory region on chromosome 1q44 downstream of NLRP3 (previously known as CIAS1 and NALP3) that are associated with Crohn's disease. The associations were consistently replicated in four sample sets from individuals of European descent. In the combined analysis of all samples (710 father-mother-child trios, 239 cases and 107 controls), these SNPs were strongly associated with risk of Crohn's disease (P(combined) = 3.49 x 10(-9), odds ratio = 1.78, confidence interval = 1.47-2.16 for rs10733113), reaching a level consistent with the stringent significance thresholds imposed by whole-genome association studies. In addition, we observed significant associations between SNPs in the associated regions and NLRP3 expression and IL-1beta production. Mutations in NLRP3 are known to be responsible for three rare autoinflammatory disorders. These results suggest that the NLRP3 region is also implicated in the susceptibility of more common inflammatory diseases such as Crohn's disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal ionospheric activity – nowcast and forecast services
Stankov, Stanimir; Warnant, René ULg; Stegen, Koen et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailUse of cDNA-AFLP to study the defence-related gene expression in bananas (Musa spp.), inoculated with Colletotrichum musae responsible of crown rot
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; de Lapeyre de Bellaire, Luc; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Conference (2009)

Crown rot disease of bananas is widespread in producing countries and is considered as the most important post-harvest disease of exported bananas. Variations of susceptibility to the disease have been ... [more ▼]

Crown rot disease of bananas is widespread in producing countries and is considered as the most important post-harvest disease of exported bananas. Variations of susceptibility to the disease have been noted between bananas but the origins still unknown. The biological responses of the fruit, including physiological change and disease susceptibility are controlled and regulated by gene expression. One way to understanding the reactions involved in variation of banana susceptibility to the disease in relation to their physiological state, is to study the expression of genes involved in these processes. To this purpose, crown sample previously inoculated with C. musae and showing 2 levels of susceptibility (very high and very low) were collected to be compared. Crown sample of each susceptibility level was collected at two different maturity stages: at harvest and 13 days after harvest (3 days after ripening). Collected crowns were immediately freeze-dried, an original method to conserve gene expression. cDNA-AFLP was applied on these 4 cell populations in order to highlight the differential transcription of genes whose function is "a priori" unknown. The cDNA-AFLP result was confirmed using quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. Various defence-related genes were identified and will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailCurvilinear mesh generation for CFD
Remacle, J.-F.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Hillewaert, K.

in Proceedings of the 11th International Society of Grid Generation Conference (ISSG 2009) (2009)

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See detailISEIA, a Belgian non-native species assessment protocol
Branquart, Etienne; Verreyken, Hugo; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ULg et al

in Seghers; Branquart (Eds.) Science Facing Aliens Proceedings of a Scientific Meeting onInvasive Alien Species (2009)

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See detailEfficacy and safety of piroxicam revisited. A global meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials.
Richy, F.; Scarpignato, C.; Lanas, A. et al

in Pharmacological Research (2009), 60

BACKGROUND: The relative efficacy/safety profiles of traditional (non-selective) NSAIDs (t-NSAIDs) have been repeatedly challenged. To better understand the efficacy and safety profile of piroxicam, a ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The relative efficacy/safety profiles of traditional (non-selective) NSAIDs (t-NSAIDs) have been repeatedly challenged. To better understand the efficacy and safety profile of piroxicam, a widely used NSAID, a meta-analysis of comparative RCTs was carried out according to the QUOROM guidance. METHODS: A systematic comprehensive research (years 1980-2006) of any comparative randomised controlled trial (of over 7-day duration) with piroxicam for the treatment of osteoarticular conditions was conducted. Conservative analyses were stratified by comparator, outcome, indication, duration, and doses. Publication bias and robustness were exhaustively investigated. RESULTS: Seventy-five comparative trials were ultimately included for analyses. Regarding global efficacy, piroxicam was more effective than naproxen [OR=1.37 (1.05; 1.77)] and nabumetone [OR=1.72 (1.26; 2.34)], while equivalent to other NSAIDS [OR=1.06 (0.96; 1.18)]. For pain and articular swelling, piroxicam was statistically equivalent to all other NSAIDs. For mobility, piroxicam appeared to be more effective than indomethacin, while equivalent to all other NSAIDs. Piroxicam was globally safer than other NSAIDs OR=0.84 [0.73; 0.96], notably indomethacin [OR=0.53 (0.43; 0.64], naproxen [OR=0.75 (0.65; 0.85)] and salicylates [OR=0.36 (0.17; 0.75)]. From a global GI safety point of view, piroxicam was better tolerated than indomethacin [OR=0.46 (0.36; 0.58)], naproxen [OR=0.66 (0.53; 0.83)] and salicylates [OR=0.45 (0.27; 0.78)] while less tolerated when compared to meloxicam [OR=1.49 (1.05; 2.13)]. Major GI effects were comparable among piroxicam users as in comparator drugs users [OR=1.33 (0.96; 1.84)], except for meloxicam [OR=2.37 (1.13; 4.97)]. The skin safety of piroxicam was statistically comparable to those of comparators [OR=1.01 (0.68; 1.51)]. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis of RCTs support a similar to more favourable efficacy/safety profile of piroxicam as compared to other t-NSAIDs. [less ▲]

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See detailPowerPoint : Histoire de l'art et archéologie : l'Époque contemporaine : le XXe siècle
Bawin, Julie ULg

Learning material (2009)

Le cours a pour objet de fournir à la fois les données historiques, stylistiques et tout éclairage (d'ordre philosophique, sociologique, politique, économique, scientifique, littéraire...) utiles à la ... [more ▼]

Le cours a pour objet de fournir à la fois les données historiques, stylistiques et tout éclairage (d'ordre philosophique, sociologique, politique, économique, scientifique, littéraire...) utiles à la compréhension des formes d'expressions plastiques (architecture, peinture, sculpture, ainsi que, dans la mesure du possible, arts graphiques et arts dits "appliqués") qui se sont succédé et/ou opposé de 1900 à nos jours. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Personality Traits Modulate the Effect of Emotional Visual Stimuli on Auditory Information Processing?
Mardaga, Solange; Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Journal of Individual Differences (2009), 30(1), 28-34

Several lines of evidence attest robust relationships between personality dimensions and emotions, including cognitive aspect of emotion. More particularly, many studies reported strong relationships ... [more ▼]

Several lines of evidence attest robust relationships between personality dimensions and emotions, including cognitive aspect of emotion. More particularly, many studies reported strong relationships between extraversion, the behavioral activation system (BAS), and the cognitive processing of positive information, on the one hand, and between neuroticism, the behavioral inhibition system (BIS), and the processing of negative information, on the other hand. Recently, DePascalis, Awari, Matteucci, and Mazzocco (2005) reported that personality traits modulated the effect of the emotional visual stimuli on the mismatch negativity (MMN). The aim of the present study was to replicate these data and extend them to other personality dimensions. Auditory MMN was recorded in normal subjects simultaneously to the presentation of emotional pictures selected as neutral, positive, or negative from the International Affective Picture System, and presented in randomized order. The results support the recent finding that personality (namely, BIS and harm avoidance) modulates the influence of emotional (negative) context on auditory information processing. The present findings suggest that the modulation by personality of change detection in the unattended environment as a function of context valence is limited to unpleasant context. [less ▲]

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See detailMid-term economical consequences of roadside tree topping
Campanella, Bruno ULg; Toussaint, André ULg; Paul, Roger ULg

in Urban Forestry and Urban Greening (2009), 8

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See detailGeneralized Cloaking and Optical Polyjuice
Nicolet, A.; Zolla, F.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF'2009) (2009)

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See detailCurvilinear mesh generation for CFD
Remacle, J.-F.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Hillewaert, K.

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Spectral and High Order Methods (ICOSAHOM 2009) (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (1 ULg)