References of "2009"
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See detailThe biodiversity of cyanobacteria in Antarctic microbial mats
Wilmotte, Annick ULg; Fernandez-Carazo, Rafael; Zakhia, Frederic et al

Conference (2009)

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See detailRapid regulation of brain oestrogen synthesis: the behavioural roles of oestrogens and their fates.
Cornil, Charlotte ULg

in Journal of Neuroendocrinology (2009), 21(3), 217-26

Besides their well-known genomic actions, oestrogens also exert effects through the activation of receptors associated with the plasma membrane that are too fast to be mediated by transcriptional ... [more ▼]

Besides their well-known genomic actions, oestrogens also exert effects through the activation of receptors associated with the plasma membrane that are too fast to be mediated by transcriptional activation (nongenomic effects). Although the existence of such rapid effects of oestrogens and their involvement in various biological processes are not in doubt, questions remain about the mechanisms responsible for the rapid modulations of oestrogen production that are required to sustain their nongenomic effects. Recent data indicate that the conversion of androgens into oestrogens in the brain by the enzyme aromatase can be rapidly modulated by conformational changes of the enzyme, thus providing a possible mechanism for rapid controls of the effects of oestrogens on male sexual behaviour. In this review, the data supporting this hypothesis are described. Subsequently, a few unanswered questions are discussed, such as the mechanism of oestrogen inactivation or the potential cellular sites of action of brain-derived oestrogens on male sexual behaviour. [less ▲]

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See detailForeword
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Kerlin, Janelle A. (Ed.) Social Enterprise. A Global Comparison (2009)

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See detailModeratrice
Parra Santamaria, Lusmiriam Andrea ULg

Conference (2009)

This Forum has been organised in order to discuss different approaches for the bilateral Colombia-Venezuela's conflict that had taken place during the gouvernements of Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chavez ... [more ▼]

This Forum has been organised in order to discuss different approaches for the bilateral Colombia-Venezuela's conflict that had taken place during the gouvernements of Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chavez. Several secteors of the society participated in it. We had academics (from different universities in the city), the local journal's president, the Chief of research of the Central Bank (local office in Cartagena). [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and theoretical radiative decay rates for highly excited ruthenium atomic levels and the solar abundance of ruthenium
Fivet, V.; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Palmeri, P. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2009), 396

The solar photospheric abundance of ruthenium is revised on the basis of a new set of oscillator strengths derived for Ru I transitions with wavelengths in the spectral range 2250–4710 Å. The new ... [more ▼]

The solar photospheric abundance of ruthenium is revised on the basis of a new set of oscillator strengths derived for Ru I transitions with wavelengths in the spectral range 2250–4710 Å. The new abundance value (in the usual logarithmic scale where the solar hydrogen abundance is equal to 12.00), ARu = 1.72 ± 0.10, is in agreement with the most recent meteoritic result, ARu = 1.76 ± 0.03. The accuracy of the transition probabilities, obtained using a relativistic Hartree–Fock model including core-polarization effects, has been assessed by comparing the theoretical lifetimes with previous experimental results. A comparison is also made with new measurements performed in this work by the time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy for 10 highly excited odd-parity levels of Ru I [less ▲]

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See detailCriminologie en criminaliteitsbeleid: tussen mensenrechten en doeltreffende criminaliteitsbeheersing
Lauwaert, Katrien ULg; Wolthuis, Annemieke

in Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht (2009), 9(3), 65-72

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See detailFaciogenital dysplasia protein Fgd1 regulates invadopodia biogenesis and extracellular matrix degradation and is up-regulated in prostate and breast cancer.
Ayala, Inmaculada; Giacchetti, Giada; Caldieri, Giusi et al

in Cancer Research (2009), 69(3), 747-52

Invadopodia are proteolytically active membrane protrusions that extend from the ventral surface of invasive tumoral cells grown on an extracellular matrix (ECM). The core machinery controlling ... [more ▼]

Invadopodia are proteolytically active membrane protrusions that extend from the ventral surface of invasive tumoral cells grown on an extracellular matrix (ECM). The core machinery controlling invadopodia biogenesis is regulated by the Rho GTPase Cdc42. To understand the upstream events regulating invadopodia biogenesis, we investigated the role of Fgd1, a Cdc42-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Loss of Fgd1 causes the rare inherited human developmental disease faciogenital dysplasia. Here, we show that Fgd1 is required for invadopodia biogenesis and ECM degradation in an invasive cell model and functions by modulation of Cdc42 activation. We also find that Fgd1 is expressed in human prostate and breast cancer as opposed to normal tissue and that expression levels matched tumor aggressiveness. Our findings suggest a central role for Fgd1 in the focal degradation of the ECM in vitro and, for the first time, show a connection between Fgd1 and cancer progression, proposing that it might function during tumorigenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of intraovarian application of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on the superovulatory response of diary cattle.
Velazquez, M. A.; Hadeler, K. G.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2009), 44(S1), 38

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See detailMeasuring home-range quality in the frugivorous gibbon (Hylobates lar)
Hambuckers, Alain ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Savini, Tommaso

Conference (2009)

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See detailContamination du marsouin commun (Phocoena phocoena) de la Mer du Nord par des perturbateurs endocriniens persistants
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

Endocrine disrupters are molecules able to interfere with the endocrine system and are largely spread in the environment. The evaluation of the estrogenic activity of some of these substances by reporter ... [more ▼]

Endocrine disrupters are molecules able to interfere with the endocrine system and are largely spread in the environment. The evaluation of the estrogenic activity of some of these substances by reporter gene assays was the first aim of this paper. The substances chosen are also persistent organic pollutants (POP), which are capable to bioaccumulate in several organisms. Then, the occurrence of these substances was evaluated in the blubber tissue of North Sea harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Harbour porpoises are good indicators of the environmental contamination and therefore of seafood by POP. These POP were quantified by GC-MS and also by reporter gene assays. For the achievement of these aims, different analytical methods were developed. The following raking is proposed for the studied substances, according to their estrogenic activity: o,p’-DDT > o,p’-DDD > β-HCH > p,p’-DDT > p,p’-DDD > p,p’-DDE > δ-HCH > PCB 138 > γ-HCH > α-HCH > PCB 153 > HCB > PCB 180. None of them presented anti-estrogenic activity. The analysed samples presented high levels of POP, sometimes associated with estrogenic activity, confirming the occurrence of endocrine disruptors in these animals. [less ▲]

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See detailPerspectives : Compromis tragiques ou défense stérile des identités politiques
Verjans, Pierre ULg

in Fournier, Bernard; Reuchamps, Min (Eds.) Le fédéralisme en Belgique et au Canada (2009)

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See detailDecentralized reactive power dispatch for a time-varying multi-TSO system
Phulpin, Yannick; Begovic, Miroslav; Petit, Marc et al

in Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-42) (2009)

This paper addresses the problem of reactive power dispatch in a power system partitioned into several areas controlled by different transmission system operators. Previous research has shown that nearly ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of reactive power dispatch in a power system partitioned into several areas controlled by different transmission system operators. Previous research has shown that nearly optimal performance could be achieved in a time-invariant system by using a specific iterative decentralized control scheme with no information exchange. At each iteration of this scheme, every transmission system operator concurrently schedules its own control settings for the next iteration while representing the neighboring areas with external network equivalents. This paper focuses on some parameter tracking techniques to extend the range of application of the decentralized control scheme to time-varying systems, where the time-varying nature of the system is modeled as a succession of steady-state operating conditions with variation of the load demand. Those new techniques are evaluated in the context of IEEE 118 bus system partitioned into three control areas. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of equid herpesvirus-5 in respiratory liquids: A retrospective study of 785 samples taken in 2006-2007
Fortier, Guillaume; Pronost, Stéphane; Miszczak, Fabien et al

in Veterinary Journal (2009), 182

During a case control study undertaken in 2006-2007, a screening and consensus polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to evaluate the potential role of equid herpesviruses (EHV) in several ... [more ▼]

During a case control study undertaken in 2006-2007, a screening and consensus polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to evaluate the potential role of equid herpesviruses (EHV) in several occurrences of respiratory disorders in 661 horses. Of 785 bronchoalveolar or tracheal lavage fluid samples submitted for analysis, 20 were positive for EHV-5 DNA by sequential analysis of the consensus PCR product. Nineteen of those samples were confirmed using a specific EHV-5 PCR. No particular changes in cytological profile could be associated with the detection of EHV-5 in contrast to suggestions in previous reports of natural or experimental respiratory viral infections in horses or ponies. This is the first description of EHV-5 isolation in equine respiratory fluids in Europe, but further investigations are needed to determine the potential pathogenic role of this gammaherpesvirus in the horse. [less ▲]

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See detailBiology of bovine herpesvirus 5
Del Medico Zajac, M. P.; Ladelfa, M. F.; Kotsias, F. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2009)

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See detailVariability of major fatty acid contents in Luxembourg dairy cattle
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Arnould, Valérie ULg; Dardenne, Pierre et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 60th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2009)

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See detailDetection and quantification of non-linear dynamic behaviour of space structures
Hot, A.; Cogan, S.; Foltete, E. et al

in 11th European Conference on Spacecraft Structures, Materials and Mechanical Testing, Toulouse, 2009 (2009)

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See detailVaccines and vaccination. The principles and the polemics
Horzinek, M. C.; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2009), 11

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See detailLarge scale experimental study of piano key weirs
Machiels, Olivier ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proc. 33rd IAHR Congress: Water Engineering for a Sustainable Environment (2009)

Piano Key Weirs (PKW) are a new type of weir, showing very good flood release capacities as well as strong economic and structural benefits. However, lacks of understanding persist about the flow ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weirs (PKW) are a new type of weir, showing very good flood release capacities as well as strong economic and structural benefits. However, lacks of understanding persist about the flow conditions on such structures. With the goal to fill some of these lacks, a combined experimental and numerical study has been undertaken at the Laboratory of Structures Hydraulics of the University of Liege. This paper presents the goals and the scientific strategy of this research. The first results of experiments being carried out on a large physical model of PKW are also depicted. These experiments lead to characterization of the flow behavior for low heads and enable to highlight the influence of the crest thickness and the outlet slope on the release capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign procedure of a nonlinear vibration absorber using bifurcation analysis: application to a drill-string system
Viguié, Régis ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Euromech 503, Nonlinear Normal Modes, Dimension Reduction and Localization in Vibrating Systems, Frascati, 2009 (2009)

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See detailWho's in charge? Nuclear receptor coactivator and corepressor function in brain and behavior.
Tetel, M. J.; Auger, A. P.; Charlier, Thierry ULg

in Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology (2009), 30

Steroid hormones act in brain and throughout the body to regulate a variety of functions, including development, reproduction, stress and behavior. Many of these effects of steroid hormones are mediated ... [more ▼]

Steroid hormones act in brain and throughout the body to regulate a variety of functions, including development, reproduction, stress and behavior. Many of these effects of steroid hormones are mediated by their respective receptors, which are members of the steroid/nuclear receptor superfamily of transcriptional activators. A variety of studies in cell lines reveal that nuclear receptor coregulators are critical in modulating steroid receptor-dependent transcription. Thus, in addition to the availability of the hormone and the expression of its receptor, nuclear receptor coregulators are essential for efficient steroid-dependent transactivation of genes. This review will highlight the importance of nuclear receptor coregulators in modulating steroid-dependent gene expression in brain and the regulation of behavior. [less ▲]

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