References of "2009"
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See detailPolitiques éducatives et approche par les capacités
Verhoeven, Marie; Dupriez, Vincent; Orianne, Jean-François ULg

in Ethique publique (2009), 11

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See detailMilli-arcsecond Astrophysics with VSI, the VLTI Spectro-imager in the ELT Era
Malbet, F.; Buscher, D.; Weigelt, G. et al

in Moorwood, Alan (Ed.) Science with the VLT in the ELT Era (2009)

Nowadays, compact sources relatively warm like surfaces of nearby stars, circumstellar environments of stars from early stages to the most evolved ones and surroundings of active galactic nuclei can be ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, compact sources relatively warm like surfaces of nearby stars, circumstellar environments of stars from early stages to the most evolved ones and surroundings of active galactic nuclei can be investigated at milli-arcsecond scales only with the VLT in its interferometric mode. We propose a spectro-imager, named VSI (VLTI spectro-imager), which is capable to probe these sources both over spatial and spectral scales in the near-infrared domain. This instrument will provide information complementary to what is obtained at the same time with ALMA at different wavelengths and the extreme large telescopes. [less ▲]

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See detailQuestions sur le questionnement des pratiques
Van Beveren, Julien ULg

in La Lettre de l'AIRDF (2009), 44

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See detailDeutscher Einfluss und syntaktischer Wandel im Schwedischen
Zeevaert, Ludger ULg

in Wollin, Lars; Neuendorff, Dagmar; Szurawitzki, Michael (Eds.) Deutsch im Norden : Akten der nordisch-germanistischen Tagung zu Åbo/Turku, Finnland, 18.–19. Mai 2007 (2009)

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See detailOvarian steroidogenesis inhibition by constant photothermal conditions is caused by a lack of gonadotropin stimulation in Eurasian perch
Milla, S.; Mandiki, S. N. M.; Hubermont, P. et al

in General and Comparative Endocrinology (2009), 163(3), 242-250

In fish, the reasons for the inhibition of reproduction by constant photothermal conditions of rearing are far from clear. In an in vivo experiment, two groups of females reared under natural (4-28 ... [more ▼]

In fish, the reasons for the inhibition of reproduction by constant photothermal conditions of rearing are far from clear. In an in vivo experiment, two groups of females reared under natural (4-28 degrees C) or constant photothermal conditions (20-22 degrees C, photoperiod 12/12) were investigated for gonad development, sex-steroids (testosterone-T, 17-beta-estradiol-E2 and 11 Keto-Testosterone-11KT) dynamics and brain aromatase activity in January, February and March. Two days before each sampling date, a group of females reared under constant conditions was injected with HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin: 100 Ul/kg) and evaluated for the same parameters. In addition, in vitro ovarian steroidogenesis capacity for each female was determined with or without stimulation by HCG and/or IGF-1 (insulin-like Growth Factor-1). The results indicate that vitellogenesis stage is the limit ovarian stage never reached in females submitted to constant photothermal conditions. This was associated with gonadogenesis delay and low levels of circulating sex-steroids (T, E2 and 11KT). Nevertheless, HCG injections partly counteracted the plasma steroid deprivation, indicating that ovaries from fish reared under constant photothermal conditions suffer from a lack of gonadotropin stimulation, maybe caused by plasma LH suppression. Such finding was confirmed by the in vitro ovary incubation test. HCG and IGF-1 treatments induced broad testosterone and 17-beta-estradiol elevations and the exposure to constant photothermal conditions, in some cases, decreased that response to HCG. In conclusion, we show that the inhibition of reproductive cycle in Eurasian perch females by constant photothermal conditions of rearing may be related to lower sex-steroid levels and to an inhibition of ovarian regulation by gonadotropins (at least LH), probably stopping gonadogenesis before vitellogenesis stage. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe story of a tragedy. How people in Haut-Katanga interpret the post-colonial history of Congo
Rubbers, Benjamin ULg

in Journal of Modern African Studies (2009), 42(2), 267-289

Cet article analyse les cadres narratifs auxquels les habitants du Haut-Katanga recourent pour rendre compte de l'histoire post-coloniale du Congo.

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See detailL'obésité (féline) : de la prévention au défi du "thérapeutique"
Diez, Marianne ULg

in 15th FECAVA Eurocongress - Proceedings (2009)

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See detailVariations in stratigraphic and reservoir properties adjacent to the Mid-Paleocene sequence boundary, Campo section, Pyrenees, Spain
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Loisy, Corinne; Cerepi, Adrian et al

in Sedimentary Geology (2009), 219

The Paleocene of the Campo section, Spain has different sedimentological characteristics above and below the Mid-Paleocene Unconformity. Beneath the unconformity sediments are dominated by evaporitic ... [more ▼]

The Paleocene of the Campo section, Spain has different sedimentological characteristics above and below the Mid-Paleocene Unconformity. Beneath the unconformity sediments are dominated by evaporitic carbonates and collapse breccias. Above it they are characterized by continental detrital beds alternating with paleosols. Different subaerial features are observed and correspond to different porosity values, pore–throat sizes and micrite morphologies. Unexposed or intertidal facies have low porosity, low throat–pore size (mesoporosity) and well preserved rhombic crystals. Intermediate exposed facies (paleosols) possess medium porosity, medium pore–throat size (microporosity) and mainly micro-rhombic crystals. Finally, the facies corresponding to high exposure intensity and to evaporitic original facies presents high porosity, permeability, large pore–throat size and rounded micritic crystals. These observations show that the emersion phase caused important dissolution, especially when associated with an easily dissolved original lithofacies. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance-based financing for better quality of services in Rwandan health centres: 3-year experience.
Rusa, Louis; Ngirabega, Jean De Dieu; Janssen, Willy et al

in Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH (2009), 14(7), 830-7

In 2005, the Ministry of Health in Rwanda, with the support of the Belgian Technical Cooperation, launched a strategy of performance-based financing (PBF) in a group of 74 health centres (HCs), covering 2 ... [more ▼]

In 2005, the Ministry of Health in Rwanda, with the support of the Belgian Technical Cooperation, launched a strategy of performance-based financing (PBF) in a group of 74 health centres (HCs), covering 2-m inhabitants. In 2006, PBF was extended to an additional group of 85 HCs, thus reaching 3.8-m inhabitants. This study evaluates the effect of PBF on HC performance from 2005 to 2007. Composite indicators for measuring quantity and quality of services were developed and evaluated through monthly formative supervisions by qualified and well-trained district supervisors. The strategy was based on a fixed fee per quality-approved service. The entire budget spent on the implementation of PBF amounted to $0.25/cap/year, of which $0.20/cap/year for subsidies and an estimated $0.05/cap/year for administration, supervision and training. A positive effect on utilization rates was only seen for activities that were previously less well organized; in this case, growth monitoring services and institutional deliveries. The quality of services, defined as the compliance rate with national and international norms, rose considerably for all services in both groups. A sustained level of quality between 80% and 95% was reached within 18 months in the first group. A similar result was reached in the second group in 8 months. [less ▲]

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See detailFormation littéraire et compétences. Notes pour un débat.
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

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See detailLa marque des Vampires: sur les Vampires de Louis Feuillade
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailPutative DNA G-quadruplex formation within the promoters of Plasmodium falciparum var genes
Smargiasso, Nicolas ULg; Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Damblon, Christian ULg et al

in BMC Genomics (2009), 10

Background. Guanine-rich nucleic acid sequences are capable of folding into an intramolecular four-stranded structure called a G-quadruplex. When found in gene promoter regions, G-quadruplexes can ... [more ▼]

Background. Guanine-rich nucleic acid sequences are capable of folding into an intramolecular four-stranded structure called a G-quadruplex. When found in gene promoter regions, G-quadruplexes can downregulate gene expression, possibly by blocking the transcriptional machinery. Here we have used a genome-wide bioinformatic approach to identify Putative G-Quadruplex Sequences (PQS) in the Plasmodium falciparum genome, along with biophysical techniques to examine the physiological stability of P. falciparum PQS in vitro. Results. We identified 63 PQS in the non-telomeric regions of the P. falciparum clone 3D7. Interestingly, 16 of these PQS occurred in the upstream region of a subset of the P. falciparum var genes (group B var genes). The var gene family encodes PfEMP1, the parasite’s major variant antigen and adhesin expressed at the surface of infected erythrocytes, that plays a key role in malaria pathogenesis and immune evasion. The ability of the PQS found in the upstream regions of group B var genes (UpsB-Q) to form stable Gquadruplex structures in vitro was confirmed using 1H NMR, circular dichroism, UV spectroscopy, and thermal denaturation experiments. Moreover, the synthetic compound BOQ1 that shows a higher affinity for DNA forming quadruplex rather than duplex structures was found to bind with high affinity to the UpsB-Q. Conclusions. This is the first demonstration of non-telomeric PQS in the genome of P. falciparum that form stable G-quadruplexes under physiological conditions in vitro. These results allow the generation of a novel hypothesis that the G-quadruplex sequences in the upstream regions of var genes have the potential to play a role in the transcriptional control of this major virulence-associated multi-gene family. [less ▲]

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See detailA Simple Method to Determine Electrospray Response Factors of Noncovalent Complexes
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

in Analytical Chemistry (2009), 81(16), 6708-6715

The quantitative study of noncovalent complexes by electrospray mass spectrometry requires the determination of the relative response of each species. The method proposed here to determine the ... [more ▼]

The quantitative study of noncovalent complexes by electrospray mass spectrometry requires the determination of the relative response of each species. The method proposed here to determine the electrospray response factors is based on the use of (1) an internal standard and (2) the mass balance equation applied to one binding partner M, for which different complexes MxLy are detected in the electrospray mass spectra. A set of experiments providing various ratios between the complexes (e.g. different ligand concentrations in a titration experiment or different time points in a kinetics experiment) is used to generate a set of independent linear equations that can be solved using simple matrix algebra to find the response factors of each MxLy complex relative to that of the internal standard. The response factors can then be used to determine equilibrium dissociation constants or for the quantitative monitoring of reaction kinetics. The first is illustrated with a study of DNA-ligand complexes, where we show that neither minor groove binding nor intercalation dramatically affects the DNA response factor. The second is illustrated with a study of the association kinetics of the telomeric G-quadruplex dGGG(TTAGGG)3 with its complementary strand, where the response factors allow correcting for the relative response of the quadruplex and the long duplex and obtaining reproducible association rate constants independently of the source tuning potentials. [less ▲]

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See detailDecalcifying odontocete ears following a routine protocol with RDO (R)
Morell, M.; Degollada, E.; Alonso, J. M. et al

in Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology (2009), 376(2), 55-58

The study of the organ of Corti is essential to assess the impact of underwater noise on cetaceans. While classical histology techniques (including EDTA decalcification) have been previously considered ... [more ▼]

The study of the organ of Corti is essential to assess the impact of underwater noise on cetaceans. While classical histology techniques (including EDTA decalcification) have been previously considered, the process is time consuming. Independently from the histological technique, one of the challenging steps after extraction and fixation of the samples is to decalcify the bone envelope to access the cochlea without damaging the soft tissues. Here, we propose to use a fast commercial decalcifier (RDO (R)). 93 ears from 11 different odontocetes species stranded in the Mediterranean, Spanish North Atlantic and North Sea were used to precisely determine the decalcification time. Depending on the tympanic-periotic volume of the species, the decalcification time ranged from several hours to a few days, allowing a subsequently faster observation of the cochlear structures through routine microscope techniques. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical staging: a new scenario for the treatment of psychosis
Raballo, A.; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Lancet (2009), 374(9687), 365-367

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See detailStructural and electrochemical characterization of mesoporous thin films of Nb2xV2-2xO5 upon lithium intercalation
Krins, Natacha ULg; Lepot, Laurent; Cloots, Rudi ULg et al

in Solid State Ionics (2009), 180(11-13), 848-852

Nb2xV2 - 2xO5 (0 <= x <= 1) powders were prepared by a synthetic route based on the inorganic polymerization of alkoxy-choride precursors and characterized by a combination of X-ray diffraction V-51 and ... [more ▼]

Nb2xV2 - 2xO5 (0 <= x <= 1) powders were prepared by a synthetic route based on the inorganic polymerization of alkoxy-choride precursors and characterized by a combination of X-ray diffraction V-51 and Nb-93 NMR and Raman spectroscopy. Amorphous mesoporous thin films of similar compositions were successfully prepared by a modified Evaporation Induced Self Assembly method using polystyrene-b-polyethyleneoxide diblock copolymer as structuring agent. The electrochemical properties of the mesoporous films upon lithium insertion-deinsertion are investigated by cyclic voltammetry. This study highlights the advantages of such nanoarchitecture in terms of increased capacity to insert lithium. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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