References of "2009"
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See detailComment j'explore ... une rarefaction des sourcils.
Devillers, Céline ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(1), 49-51

The rarefaction or loss of eyebrow hair may represent an esthetic complaint or a peculiar finding associated with a given disease. The causal disorders correspond to a few dermatitides and several ... [more ▼]

The rarefaction or loss of eyebrow hair may represent an esthetic complaint or a peculiar finding associated with a given disease. The causal disorders correspond to a few dermatitides and several endocrine, auto-immune, infectious, neoplastic, traumatic, iatrogenic and genetic disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailForaminifera in elevated Bermudian caves provide further evidence for +21 m eustatic sea level during Marine Isotope Stage 11
van hengstum, P. J.; Scott, David; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Quaternary Science Reviews (2009), 28(19-20), 1850-1860

Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the origin of marine isotope stage (MIS) 11 deposits in small Bermudian caves at þ21 m above modern sea level: (1) a þ21 m MIS 11 eustatic sea-level highstand ... [more ▼]

Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the origin of marine isotope stage (MIS) 11 deposits in small Bermudian caves at þ21 m above modern sea level: (1) a þ21 m MIS 11 eustatic sea-level highstand, and (2) a MIS 11 mega-tsunami event. Importantly, the foraminifera reported in these caves have yet to be critically evaluated within a framework of coastal cave environments. After statistically comparing foraminifera in modern Bermudian littoral caves and the MIS 11 Calonectris Pocket A (þ21 m cave) to the largest available database of Bermudian coastal foraminifera, the assemblages found in modern littoral caves – and Calonectris Pocket A – cannot be statistically differentiated from lagoons. This observation is expected considering littoral caves are simply sheltered extensions of a lagoon environment in the littoral zone, where typical coastal processes (waves, storms) homogenize and rework lagoonal, reefal, and occasional planktic taxa. Fossil protoconchs of the Bermudian cave stygobite Caecum caverna were also associated with the foraminifera. These results indicate that the MIS 11 Bermudian caves are fossil littoral caves (breached flank margin caves), where the total MIS 11 microfossil assemblage is preserving a signature of coeval sea level at þ21 m. Brackish foraminifera (Polysaccammina, Pseudothurammina) and anchialine gastropods (w95%, >300 individuals) indicate a brackish anchialine habitat developed in the elevated caves after the prolonged littoral environmental phase. The onset of sea-level regression following the þ21 m highstand would first lower the ancient brackish Ghyben-Herzberg lens (<0.5 m) and flood the cave with brackish water, followed by drainage of the cave to create a permanent vadose environment. These interpretations of the MIS 11 microfossils (considering both taphonomy and paleoecology) are congruent with the micropaleontological, hydrogeological and physical mechanisms influencing modern Bermudian coastal cave environments. In conclusion, we reject the mega-tsunami hypothesis, concur with the þ21 m MIS 11 eustatic sea-level hypothesis, and reiterate the need to resolve the disparity between global marine isotopic records and the physical geologic evidence for sea level during MIS 11. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal-Level Monitoring in Decentralized Forest Management: Exploring the Spaces for Community Participation
Tol, Sokchea; Srey, Marona; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Beaupre, Pauline; Taylor, Janet; Carson, Toby (Eds.) Emerging Trends, Challenges and Innovations Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) in Cambodia (2009)

This paper explores a participatory monitoring process initiated in Kampong Thom province with 3 Community Forestry (CF) sites where CF development was facilitated by Forestry Administration (FA) staff ... [more ▼]

This paper explores a participatory monitoring process initiated in Kampong Thom province with 3 Community Forestry (CF) sites where CF development was facilitated by Forestry Administration (FA) staff and externally supported by German Technical Support-Rural Development Programme (GTZ-RDP).The paper details the methodology used and the key outputs produced during the process, it highlights the four main principles of the principle, criteria, and indicator Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) which are: (1) that forest health is maintained, (2) public well-being is improved, (3) community well-being is assured, and (4) external support is effective. The results show that in all three CF, the land integrity and the forest resource itself was improved between the baseline and follow-up surveys. Despite the positive results, many of the challenges and limitations were acknowledged including the difficulty in capturing all different points of view and opinions when there are such a large number of people involved and consulted as well as how this can lead to a slowdown within the whole process and is very expensive. The paper concludes suggesting that a local level monitoring system can help to build local capacity, improve decision-making, reduce conflict between local forest dependents and responsible authorities as well as empower local community members, especially marginalized groups. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrofossils
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Benzerara, karim

in Comptes Rendus Palevol (2009), 8(7), 605-615

Defining biosignatures, i.e. features that are indicative of past or present life, has been one of the major strategies developed over the last few years for the search of life on the early Earth and in ... [more ▼]

Defining biosignatures, i.e. features that are indicative of past or present life, has been one of the major strategies developed over the last few years for the search of life on the early Earth and in the solar system. Current knowledge about microscopic remnants of fossil organisms, namely microfossils are reviewed, focusing on: (i) studies of recent environments used as analogues for the early Earth or extraterrestrial environments; (ii) examination of Precambrian rocks; and (iii) laboratory experiments simulating biotic and abiotic processes and resulting in the formation of genuine or pseudomicrofossils. Fossils’ preservation depends on environment and chemical composition of the primary structure, although they might undergo taphonomic processes that alter their morphology and/or composition. Altogether, these examples illustrate what can be potentially preserved during the very first stages of fossilization and what can be left in the geological record after diagenesis and metamorphism. Finally, this provides a rationale to tentatively define diagnosis criteria for microfossils or ways to look for life on Earth or in extraterrestrial environments. [less ▲]

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See detailLa saisie-arrêt: chronique de jurisprudence 2003-2009
Frankignoul, Laurent ULg

in X (Ed.) Actualités en droit de l'exécution forcée (2009)

Plan: Section 1 L'objet de la saisie-arrêt; Section 2 La procédure de la saisie-arrêt conservatoire et le titre privé; Section 3 La procédure de saisie-arrêt exécution et la sanction du dépassement du ... [more ▼]

Plan: Section 1 L'objet de la saisie-arrêt; Section 2 La procédure de la saisie-arrêt conservatoire et le titre privé; Section 3 La procédure de saisie-arrêt exécution et la sanction du dépassement du délai d'opposition; Section 4 Les obligations du tiers saisi et leurs sanctions; Section 5 A l'encontre de qui le tiers saisi peut-il se retourner?; Section 6 La saisie-arrêt dans un contexte international. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear Drillstring Dynamics Analysis
Germay, Christophe; deWouw, Nathan Van; Nijmeijer, Henk et al

in SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems (2009), 8(2), 527--553

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See detailEntre gestion de crise et vigilance : quand les médias et l’administration publique sont appelés à construire un référentiel partagé
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Joris, Geoffrey ULg

in Communication et Organisation (2009), 35

During periods of crisis, public authorities are assigned specific communication responsibilities. Analysis of crisis management, often strongly mediatized, are particularly fruitful to unveil ... [more ▼]

During periods of crisis, public authorities are assigned specific communication responsibilities. Analysis of crisis management, often strongly mediatized, are particularly fruitful to unveil collaboration problems between media and public authorities. Crisis represents a rupture threatening the social fabrics and urges the authorities to take decisions under time constrains when facts are uncertain and stakes high (Funtowicz et al.). Technological crisis are first and foremost information crisis and they are largely open to mediatized information. Communication deficits are often due to the fact that authorities are tight in administrative constrains which are often contradictory to the logics of crisis communication. Authorities too often limit their communication duty to pure information release, without building a process fostering stakeholders involvement. The administrative framework seems in several aspects irrelevant to the current information and communication regime, but under crisis conditions, the authorities are requested to develop partnerships with media.. Media are unavoidable to promote the enrolling of the public and to control the spreading of rumours which are currently reinforced through the new communication techniques (Web 2.0;gsm). Media construct and amplify accidents thereby transforming the possibilities for crisis management. But building partnership between media and administration is a difficult task. Media – administration partnership causes a confrontation between two professional logics with strong differences in terms of referring to authorities, using knowledge, communication regimes and consideration for the public Crisis communication should be considered as a rooted in “vigilance” communication. The analysis of the crisis communication patterns must also be linked to these periods in order to better unveil the contextual dimensions of informational and communicational regimes. Media play a central role in the construction of conceptual frames and values systems used for the representation of social world. Their presentation of public stakes is largely referred to by the public through a mutually reinforcing media-actors relationship when it comes to make sense for incumbent social events in a process only partially similar to a search for some objective truth. Media are also contributing to the citizen – policymakers relationship through selecting information and agenda setting. Mutations of media are therefore intertwined with the transformation of the politico-administrative system. The social transformations often described as characteristic to the ”risk society” tend to transform the role of media. Individualization makes citizens more sensitive to media information and this is reinforced by the weakening of institutions and of their communication structures. We observe the spreading of new media logics more geared to the emotional register and reinforcing the negativist bias in communication patterns. This affects strongly the management of crisis by public authorities. The analysis of public management of crisis offers a rich set of information for the researcher. It is timely to produce some coherent theoretical frame with reference to the material available from the case studies which are now numerous. This theoretical framework would help to develop relevant principles in order to help administration to develop new forms of communication, with due attention to the specificities of the communication partners and all stakeholders while making use of the emerging communication techniques. This could finally provide administration and media with a basis for defining new ways for “working together”. [less ▲]

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See detailMariage et union libre : quelle égalité en droit pénal ?
Masset, Adrien ULg

in Liber Amicorum Henri-D. Bosly. Loyauté, justice et vérité. (2009)

Le Code pénal belge date de 1867 et a subi de nombreuses modifications, mais est resté sourd à de nombreuses évolutions connues dans d'autres branches du droit (couples homosexuels, cohabitation légale ... [more ▼]

Le Code pénal belge date de 1867 et a subi de nombreuses modifications, mais est resté sourd à de nombreuses évolutions connues dans d'autres branches du droit (couples homosexuels, cohabitation légale, parents naturels ou adoptants, ...) Le couple non marié a été nié au début du Code pénal pour être ensuite pris en compte petit à petit, de manière disparate. [less ▲]

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See detailBluetongue Virus Detection By Real-Time Rt-Pcr In Culicoides Captured During The 2006 Epizootic In Belgium And Development Of An Internal Control
Vanbinst, T.; Vandenbussche, F.; Vandemeulebroucke, E. et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2009), 56(5), 170-177

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See detailPrimary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the gallbladder: report of a case harboring API2/MALT1 gene fusion.
Bisig, Bettina ULg; Copie-Bergman, Christiane; Baia, Maryse et al

in Human Pathology (2009), 40(10), 1504-9

The genetic alterations underlying extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type are heterogeneous and show variation according to the tumor site. Here, we report a ... [more ▼]

The genetic alterations underlying extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type are heterogeneous and show variation according to the tumor site. Here, we report a case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the gallbladder with genetic characterization. This lymphoma, diagnosed in a 75-year-old woman who underwent cholecystectomy for suspected acute cholecystitis, presented as diffuse thickening of the gallbladder wall. The morphology was typical of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and by immunophenotype, the tumor cells were CD20+ CD5- CD10- CD23- CD43- BCL6- BCL2+ IgM+ IgD- lambda+, with moderate nuclear expression of BCL10. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis on paraffin sections, using a fusion probe for API2/MALT1, demonstrated 2 fusion signals in most nuclei, bringing the first documentation of a t(11;18)(q21;q21) in this exceptional primary disease location. [less ▲]

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See detailUS anatomy of the foal foot
Van Thielen, B.; Murray, R.; Van den Broeck, R. et al

in AVEF Proceedings (2009)

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See detailNon, les cabinets d'avocats ne sont pas des banques données!
Jacobs, Ann ULg; Henry, Patrick

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009), 19

Etat de la jurisprudence belge en matière de perquisitions dans les cabinets d'avocats; critique de cette jurisprudence au regard de la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme et ... [more ▼]

Etat de la jurisprudence belge en matière de perquisitions dans les cabinets d'avocats; critique de cette jurisprudence au regard de la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme et propositions de changements. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of ozone measurements from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE)
Dupuy, Eric; Walker, K. A.; Kar, J. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2009), 9(2), 287-343

This paper presents extensive bias determination analyses of ozone observations from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) satellite instruments: the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) and ... [more ▼]

This paper presents extensive bias determination analyses of ozone observations from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) satellite instruments: the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) and the Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation (ACE-MAESTRO) instrument. Here we compare the latest ozone data products from ACE-FTS and ACE-MAESTRO with coincident observations from nearly 20 satellite-borne, airborne, balloon-borne and ground-based instruments, by analysing volume mixing ratio profiles and partial column densities. The ACE-FTS version 2.2 Ozone Update product reports more ozone than most correlative measurements from the upper troposphere to the lower mesosphere. At altitude levels from 16 to 44 km, the average values of the mean relative differences are nearly all within +1 to +8%. At higher altitudes (45 60 km), the ACE-FTS ozone amounts are significantly larger than those of the comparison instruments, with mean relative differences of up to +40% (about + 20% on average). For the ACE-MAESTRO version 1.2 ozone data product, mean relative differences are within +/- 10% (average values within +/- 6%) between 18 and 40 km for both the sunrise and sunset measurements. At higher altitudes (similar to 35-55 km), systematic biases of opposite sign are found between the ACE-MAESTRO sunrise and sunset observations. While ozone amounts derived from the ACE-MAESTRO sunrise occultation data are often smaller than the coincident observations (with mean relative differences down to -10%), the sunset occultation profiles for ACE-MAESTRO show results that are qualitatively similar to ACE-FTS, indicating a large positive bias (mean relative differences within +10 to +30%) in the 45-55 km altitude range. In contrast, there is no significant systematic difference in bias found for the ACE-FTS sunrise and sunset measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by MIPAS
Payan, S.; Camy-Peyret, C.; Oelhaf, H. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2009), 9(2), 413-442

The ENVISAT validation programme for the atmospheric instruments MIPAS, SCIAMACHY and GOMOS is based on a number of balloon-borne, aircraft, satellite and ground-based correlative measurements. In ... [more ▼]

The ENVISAT validation programme for the atmospheric instruments MIPAS, SCIAMACHY and GOMOS is based on a number of balloon-borne, aircraft, satellite and ground-based correlative measurements. In particular the activities of validation scientists were coordinated by ESA within the ENVISAT Stratospheric Aircraft and Balloon Campaign or ESABC. As part of a series of similar papers on other species [this issue] and in parallel to the contribution of the individual validation teams, the present paper provides a synthesis of comparisons performed between MIPAS CH4 and N2O profiles produced by the current ESA operational software (Instrument Processing Facility version 4.61 or IPF v4.61, full resolution MIPAS data covering the period 9 July 2002 to 26 March 2004) and correlative measurements obtained from balloon and aircraft experiments as well as from satellite sensors or from ground-based instruments. In the middle stratosphere, no significant bias is observed between MIPAS and correlative measurements, and MIPAS is providing a very consistent and global picture of the distribution of CH4 and N2O in this region. In average, the MIPAS CH4 values show a small positive bias in the lower stratosphere of about 5%. A similar situation is observed for N2O with a positive bias of 4%. In the lower stratosphere/upper troposphere (UT/LS) the individual used MIPAS data version 4.61 still exhibits some unphysical oscillations in individual CH4 and N2O profiles caused by the processing algorithm (with almost no regularization). Taking these problems into account, the MIPAS CH4 and N2O profiles are behaving as expected from the internal error estimation of IPF v4.61 and the estimated errors of the correlative measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailFacteurs genetiques de l'alcoolo-dependance Revue des principales donnees de la litterature.
Pinto, Emmanuel ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Encéphale (L') (2009), 35(5), 461-9

INTRODUCTION: Alcohol dependence is a complex and multifactorial disease resulting both from neurobiological mechanisms and environmental factors. It is frequently associated with comorbid psychiatric ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Alcohol dependence is a complex and multifactorial disease resulting both from neurobiological mechanisms and environmental factors. It is frequently associated with comorbid psychiatric disorders or with specific personality or behavioral features. Although action can be taken on the environment in order to decrease the risk of the illness, current methods used to prevent or to treat this pathology show moderate efficacy: problematic consumption of ethanol in the general population as well as relapse rates under treatment in dependent patients remain indeed very high. LITERATURE FINDINGS: It is therefore of major importance to broaden our knowledge of alcohol dependence and its comorbidities so as to improve both their prevention and treatment. In this perspective, recent progress in the field of neurosciences may contribute to achieve this goal. Precisely, genetics is a promising way benefiting from many advances in genetic epidemiology, cellular and molecular biology, neuroimaging and pharmacology. In parallel with a better understanding of the neurobiology of addictions and associated behaviors, these techniques led to the identification of brain mechanisms in which a genetic variation may influence the individual vulnerability towards alcohol dependence. Moreover, there is growing evidence that alcoholism results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors influencing both its expression and its course. Given the fact that alcohol-dependence seems highly heritable (50 to 60% of the variance in both men and women), this review assesses the role of some of the genomic regions linked with the disease, as well as the principal variants of candidate genes identified as specifically involved in the predisposition. Polymorphisms of genes influencing alcohol metabolism, GABAergic, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmission seem, indeed, at stake in the development of alcohol-dependence and its related features such as personality, behavior, impulse control or craving. In the future, a better characterization of the links between genotypes and phenotypes will probably increase our ability to treat alcoholic patients. [less ▲]

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See detailDu poids des opinions publiques européennes
Dumoulin, André ULg; Bonneu, Mathias; Manigart, Philippe

in Revue du Marché Commun et de l'Union Européenne (2009), (526),

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See detailManifestations hémodynamiques et respiratoires de la prééclampsie
Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Brichant, Géraldine ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg et al

in Pottecher, Thierry; Luton, Dominique (Eds.) Prise en charge multidisciplinaire de la prééclampsie (2009)

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See detailGli autografi di Francesco Guicciardini, in Autografi della letteratura italiana
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Motolese, Matteo; Procaccioli, Paolo; Russo, Emilio (Eds.) Il Cinquecento (2009)

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