References of "2009"
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See detailLa reconstruction congolaise
Kabamba, Bob ULg; Zacharie, Arnaud

Book published by Luc Pire (2009)

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See detailAnalyse expérimentale du fonctionnement hydraulique des déversoirs en touches de piano
Machiels, Olivier ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Actes du Colloque Dimensionnement et Fonctionnement des Evacuateurs de crues (2009)

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See detailExperimental infection of reindeer with cervid herpesvirus 2
das Neves, C.; Mork, T.; Godfroid, J. et al

in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology (2009), 16

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See detail"Mnemosyne" et le "Denkraum" renaissant. Pratique du document visuel chez Aby Warburg
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (2009), 2

L’historien de l’art juif allemand Aby Warburg (1866-1929) a marqué de manière décisive toute une génération de théoriciens de l’art du xxe siècle. Relativement discrète, son oeuvre prend toute son ... [more ▼]

L’historien de l’art juif allemand Aby Warburg (1866-1929) a marqué de manière décisive toute une génération de théoriciens de l’art du xxe siècle. Relativement discrète, son oeuvre prend toute son ampleur lorsqu’elle est envisagée du point de vue de l’épistémologie de l’histoire de l’art. En effet, Warburg s’est distingué par ses nombreuses audaces méthodologiques : son sens désarmant du détail, sa bibliothèque — dont le classement thématique défiait toute systématicité —, ses propositions inaugurales pour l’iconologie, sa désinvolture à l’égard des frontières disciplinaires. Son dernier projet (inachevé), l’atlas d’images Mnemosyne, rassemble tous ces points. L’Atlas témoigne, par ailleurs, d’une pratique du document visuel inédite pour l’époque, où le matériau iconographique, révélé par de subtils montages, fait surgir de nouveaux problèmes théoriques. Afin d’en dégager toute l’originalité, on aura ici recours aux principes exposés par Foucault dans L’archéologie du savoir (1969). [less ▲]

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See detailMullite coatings on ceramic substrates: Stabilisation of Al2O3-SiO2 suspensions for spray drying of composite granules suitable for reactive plasma spraying
Schrijnemakers, Audrey ULg; Andre, Sophie; Lumay, Geoffroy ULg et al

in Journal of the European Ceramic Society (2009), 29(11), 2169-2175

The present work deals with the preparation of stable alumina + silica suspensions with high solid loading for the production of spray-dried composite powders. These composite powders are to be used for ... [more ▼]

The present work deals with the preparation of stable alumina + silica suspensions with high solid loading for the production of spray-dried composite powders. These composite powders are to be used for reactive plasma spraying whereby the formation of mullite and the coating on a ceramic substrate are achieved in a single step process. Electrostatic stabilisation of alumina and silica suspensions has been studied as a function of pH. Silica suspensions are most stable at basic pH whereas alumina suspensions are stable at acidic pH. The addition of ammonium polymethacrylate (APMA) makes it possible to stabilise alumina and prepare a stable 50 wt% alumina + silica suspension at pH 10. The optimum amounts of dispersant and binder have been determined by zeta potential, viscosity and sedimentation measurements. Spray drying of the suspension yields composite powders whose morphology, size distribution and flowability have been characterized before realizing reactive plasma spraying tests. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All fights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailModulating mouse innate immunity to RNA viruses by expressing the Bos taurus Mx system.
Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULg; Cloquette, Karine ULg; Leroy, Michael et al

in Transgenic Research (2009), 18(5), 719-32

Mx proteins are interferon-induced members of the dynamin superfamily of large guanosine triphosphatases. These proteins have attracted much attention because some display antiviral activity against ... [more ▼]

Mx proteins are interferon-induced members of the dynamin superfamily of large guanosine triphosphatases. These proteins have attracted much attention because some display antiviral activity against pathogenic RNA viruses, such as members of the orthomyxoviridae, bunyaviridae, and rhabdoviridae families. Among the diverse mammalian Mx proteins examined so far, we have recently demonstrated in vitro that the Bos taurus isoform 1 (boMx1) is endowed with exceptional anti-rabies-virus activity. This finding has prompted us to seek an appropriate in vivo model for confirming and evaluating gene therapy strategies. Using a BAC transgene, we have generated transgenic mouse lines expressing the antiviral boMx1 protein and boMx2 proteins under the control of their natural promoter and short- and long-range regulatory elements. Expressed boMx1 and boMx2 are correctly assembled, as deduced from mRNA sequencing and western blotting. Poly-I/C-subordinated expression of boMx1 was detected in various organs by immunohistochemistry, and transgenic lines were readily classified as high- or low-expression lines on the basis of tissue boMx1 concentrations measured by ELISA. Poly-I/C-induced Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells, bovine turbinate cells, and cultured cells from high-expression line of transgenic mice were found to contain about the same concentration of boMx1, suggesting that this protein is produced at near-physiological levels. Furthermore, insertion of the bovine Mx system rendered transgenic mice resistant to vesicular-stomatitis-virus-associated morbidity and mortality, and embryonic fibroblasts derived from high-expression transgenic mice were far less permissive to the virus. These results demonstrate that the Bos taurus Mx system is a powerful anti-VSV agent in vivo and suggest that the transgenic mouse lines generated here constitute a good model for studying in vivo the various antiviral functions-known and yet to be discovered-exerted by bovine Mx proteins, with priority emphasis on the antirabic function of boMx1. [less ▲]

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See detailBone mineral density and health related quality of life: a 3-year follow-up study of osteoportic postmenopaul women
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; De Cock, Caroline; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in The Open Geritric Medicine Journal (2009), 2

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between change in bone mineral density (BMD) and change in health related quality of life (HRQoL) over a 3-year eriod, in patients ... [more ▼]

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between change in bone mineral density (BMD) and change in health related quality of life (HRQoL) over a 3-year eriod, in patients without incident of osteoporotic fracture. Materials and Methods: Prior to the present study, two randomized controlled trials had been carried out to assess the efficacy of a new anti-osteoporotic drug. From the placebo group of those two trials, we selected for the present study 1838 osteoporotic postmenopausal women aged over 50 years, and followed their progress for a period of 3 years. BMD was measured at the lumbar spine and the proximal femur by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Each patient received calcium and vitamin D supplements. HRQoL was assessed using 2 questionnaires: the generic tool Short Form 36 items (SF-36; including mental and physical components) and the specific Quality of Life Questionnaire in Osteoporosis (QUALIOST). Result: At baseline, after adjustment for body mass index (BMI), age, number of vertebral fractures and number of peripheral fractures, multivariate regression analysis showed a significant association between the lumbar BMD and the mental component of the SF-36 (p<0.001). However, the relationship was not significant with the global score of the QUALIOST (p=0.098) and the physical component of the SF-36 (p=0.051). Multivariate regressions did not show a significant relationship between HRQoL and proximal femur BMD at baseline. After 3 years of follow-up, multivariate regression analysis showed no significant association between change in lumbar BMD and the main HRQoL items (global score of the QUALIOST, physical and mental components of the SF-36; p between 0.437 and 0.942). No significant relationships were found between change in femoral BMD and change in the global score of the QUALIOST (p=0.088) or change in the mental component of the SF-36 (p=0.222). However, a significant positive association (p=0.031) appeared between change in the physical component of the SF-36 and femoral BMD change. Conclusion: In osteoporotic postmenopausal women receiving calcium and vitamin D, few relationships were found between BMD and HRQoL. However, these results were not strong enough to indicate a real clinically interesting relationship between HRQoL and BMD. Other studies would need to be performed to verify these results. [less ▲]

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See detailOutreach goals of the Europa Jupiter System Mission
Blanc, M.; Coustenis; Nazé, Yaël ULg et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailThe fully-active and structurally-stable form of the mitochondrial ATP synthase of Polytomella sp is dimeric
Villavicencio-Queijeiro, Alexa; Vazquez-Acevedo, Miriam; Cano-Estrada, Araceli et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2009), 41(1), 1-13

Mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase of chlorophycean algae is a stable dimeric complex of 1,600 kDa. It lacks the classic subunits that constitute the peripheral stator-stalk and the orthodox polypeptides ... [more ▼]

Mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase of chlorophycean algae is a stable dimeric complex of 1,600 kDa. It lacks the classic subunits that constitute the peripheral stator-stalk and the orthodox polypeptides involved in the dimerization of the complex. Instead, it contains nine polypeptides of unknown evolutionary origin named ASA1 to ASA9. The isolated enzyme exhibited a very low ATPase activity (0.03 Units/mg), that increased upon heat treatment, due to the release of the F-1 sector. Oligomycin was found to stabilize the dimeric structure of the enzyme, providing partial resistance to heat dissociation. Incubation in the presence of low concentrations of several non-ionic detergents increased the oligomycin-sensitive ATPase activity up to 7.0-9.0 Units/mg. Incubation with 3% (w/v) taurodeoxycholate monomerized the enzyme. The monomeric form of the enzyme exhibited diminished activity in the presence of detergents and diminished oligomycin sensitivity. Cross-linking experiments carried out with the dimeric and monomeric forms of the ATP synthase suggested the participation of the ASA6 subunit in the dimerization of the enzyme. The dimeric enzyme was more resistant to heat treatment, high hydrostatic pressures, and protease digestion than the monomeric enzyme, which was readily disrupted by these treatments. We conclude that the fully-active algal mitochondrial ATP synthase is a stable catalytically active dimer; the monomeric form is less active and less stable. Monomer-monomer interactions could be mediated by the membrane-bound subunits ASA6 and ASA9, and may be further stabilized by other polypeptides such as ASA1 and ASA5. [less ▲]

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See detailL'agriculture familiale africaine au coeur des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD)
Berti, Fabio ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2009)

L’agriculture familiale africaine est concernée directement par l’Objectif 1 du Millénaire pour le Développement, de réduire de moitié d’ici 2015 l’extrême pauvreté et la faim. En effet, selon la plupart ... [more ▼]

L’agriculture familiale africaine est concernée directement par l’Objectif 1 du Millénaire pour le Développement, de réduire de moitié d’ici 2015 l’extrême pauvreté et la faim. En effet, selon la plupart des observateurs, 70% des pauvres sont localisés dans les zones rurales et sont agriculteurs. Dans ce contexte, il importe de s’interroger sur l’avenir des exploitations agricoles familiales en Afrique. Après avoir présenté la problématique générale de l’exploitation agricole familiale dans le développement, les auteurs présentent une analyse au départ des constats qu’ils ont pu réaliser, respectivement pour les filières de rente de la zone forestière au Cameroun et pour le coton, dans plusieurs pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Les analyses sont réalisées à partir des observations effectuées au départ de différentes études financées essentiellement par la Commission européenne au cours de ces dernières années. Il en résulte que le terme « agriculture familiale » recouvre des réalités très différentes avec une différenciation de plus en plus poussée des exploitations agricoles. Dans le même temps, il subsiste de nombreuses exploitations familiales plus « traditionnelles » mêlant des logiques d’autoconsommation et de marché avec des dotations en facteurs plus inégales et donc plus vulnérables. L’enjeu primordial des politiques agricoles qui seront définies sera précisément de prendre en considération la dimension spécifique de ce type d’exploitation, cible prioritaire dans la lutte contre la pauvreté. L’orientation des politiques mises en œuvre autour du seul objectif de la production de biens agricoles ne permettra pas de réduire les disparités internes et souvent croissantes observées. Il convient donc d’intégrer les dimensions sociales et environnementales dans les objectifs des politiques agricoles à mettre en œuvre. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement d’une stratégie d’immunisation passive du poulet de chair vis-à-vis de Salmonella Enteritidis et Typhimurium à l’aide d’anticorps du jaune d’œuf
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Chalghoumi, RAJA ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

in 8èmes JRA : Synthèses et textes (2009)

The present study investigates the potential of oral immunotherapy using hen egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) as a strategy to reduce the impact of Salmonella contamination on broilers. In a first step ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates the potential of oral immunotherapy using hen egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) as a strategy to reduce the impact of Salmonella contamination on broilers. In a first step, hyperimmune eggs were obtained from laying hens immunized using Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) and Typhimurium (ST) outer membrane proteins in emulsion with Freund adjuvants. This led to the production of high levels of IgY antibodies directed against the two Salmonella serovars in egg yolks. Furthermore, no adverse affects were detected on mortality or laying rate in hens injected with this vaccine. Powders were obtained from these eggs by spray- or freeze-drying the whole yolk. In order to study the effect of these powders on broiler’s growth performances, a challenge trial was conducted. 384 Salmonella spp.-free day-of-hatch chickens received supplemented feed (5 % freeze-dried egg yolk powder) since arrival, and were infected at day four with 106 cfu of SE and ST per animal. We found a significant improvement in growth performances for the groups receiving the yolk-enriched diets. Nevertheless, none of the supplement concentrations allowed to raise the same body weight after 28 days of complementation than in uninfected broilers (p < 0,05). Interestingly, nonimmune egg yolk powder also exhibited a positive effect on performances of broilers experimentally infected with SE and ST. Our results suggest that passive immunization through egg yolk powders could be useful to reduce negative effects of Salmonella infection on broilers growth performances. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of aggressive encounters on plasma corticosteroid-binding globulin and its ligands in white-crowned sparrows.
Charlier, Thierry ULg; Underhill, Caroline; Hammond, Geoffrey L. et al

in Hormones & Behavior (2009), 56(3), 339-47

In birds, corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) binds corticosterone, progesterone and testosterone. The concentration of each ligand can alter the binding of the other ligands through competitive ... [more ▼]

In birds, corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) binds corticosterone, progesterone and testosterone. The concentration of each ligand can alter the binding of the other ligands through competitive interactions. Thus, an increase in corticosterone or progesterone may displace testosterone bound to CBG, leading to an increase in bioactive free testosterone levels without affecting total testosterone levels in the circulation. Aggressive interactions increase plasma total testosterone levels in some birds but not in others. Here, we tested the hypothesis that aggressive encounters in the late breeding season would not increase total testosterone levels in plasma, but would alter CBG, total corticosterone or total progesterone levels in such a way as to modify the number of available binding sites and therefore occupancy by testosterone. A marked decrease in CBG occupancy by testosterone would indirectly suggest an increase in free testosterone levels in plasma. Wild male white-crowned sparrows were exposed to a simulated territorial intrusion (STI) or control for 30 min. Subjects were then caught and bled. We measured CBG using a ligand-binding assay and corticosterone, progesterone and testosterone using highly sensitive radioimmunoassays. STI significantly increased aggressive behaviors but did not affect plasma total testosterone levels. STI significantly increased plasma CBG and total corticosterone levels and decreased plasma total progesterone levels. We predict that CBG occupancy by corticosterone will increase slightly following an aggressive encounter. However, this small change is unlikely to increase free testosterone levels, because of the large number of seemingly unoccupied CBG binding sites in these subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailNon, les cabinets d'avocats ne sont pas des banques données!
Jacobs, Ann ULg; Henry, Patrick

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009), 19

Etat de la jurisprudence belge en matière de perquisitions dans les cabinets d'avocats; critique de cette jurisprudence au regard de la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme et ... [more ▼]

Etat de la jurisprudence belge en matière de perquisitions dans les cabinets d'avocats; critique de cette jurisprudence au regard de la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme et propositions de changements. [less ▲]

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See detailLes plantes exotiques envahissantes en Belgique ont-elles des impacts?
Saad, Layla ULg; Jacquemart, Anne-Laure; Cawoy, Valérie et al

in Parcs & Réserves (2009), 64(4), 10-16

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See detailSemiparametric inference in general heteroscedastic regression models
Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Van Keilegom, Ingrid

in Proceedings of the Sixth Petersburg Workshop on Simulations (2009)

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See detailEx vivo expansion of hematopoietic progenitor cells is associated with downregulation of alpha4 integrin- and CXCR4-mediated engraftment in NOD/SCID beta2-microglobulin-null mice
Foguenne, Jacques ULg; Di Stefano; Giet, Olivier ULg et al

in Haematologica (2009), 94

Several studies indicate that ex vivo cytokine-supported expansion induces defective hematopoietic stem cell engraftment. We investigated the role of alpha4 integrin, alpha5 integrin and CXCR4 in ... [more ▼]

Several studies indicate that ex vivo cytokine-supported expansion induces defective hematopoietic stem cell engraftment. We investigated the role of alpha4 integrin, alpha5 integrin and CXCR4 in engraftment of unmanipulated and cytokine-treated human cord blood CD34+ cells. [less ▲]

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See detailH5N1 avian influenza virus infection in cats. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Addie, D.; Belak, B. et al

in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2009), 11

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See detailBottom friction formulations for free surface flow modeling
Machiels, Olivier ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in 8th NCTAM Congress (2009)

Bottom friction modeling is an important step in river flows computation with 1D or 2D solvers. It is usually performed using empirical laws established for uniform flow conditions or a modern approach ... [more ▼]

Bottom friction modeling is an important step in river flows computation with 1D or 2D solvers. It is usually performed using empirical laws established for uniform flow conditions or a modern approach based on turbulence analysis. Following the definition of the flow validity field of the main friction laws proposed in the iterature, an original continuous formulation has been developed. It is suited to model river flows with a high variability of properties (water depth, discharge, roughness…). The efficiency of this new formulation, theoretically established and numerically adjusted, is demonstrated through various practical applications. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvolution des traits d’histoire de vie lors des invasions végétales
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13(3), 449-458

Les invasions par les plantes, malgré les problèmes qu’elles engendrent, sont des opportunités d’étude des phénomènes évolutifs rapides. Dans cet article sont présentés les principaux changements ... [more ▼]

Les invasions par les plantes, malgré les problèmes qu’elles engendrent, sont des opportunités d’étude des phénomènes évolutifs rapides. Dans cet article sont présentés les principaux changements évolutifs d’histoire de vie accompagnant les invasions végétales. Ceux-ci peuvent avoir lieu lors des différentes phases de l’invasion que sont l’introduction, la naturalisation et l’expansion proprement dite. Leur étude s’articule généralement en deux approches : les comparaisons entre populations de l’aire d’indigénat et de l’aire d’invasion d’une part, et d’autre part, les études de la différenciation au sein de l’aire d’invasion. [less ▲]

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