References of "2009"
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See detailGaze direction influences awareness in recognition memory for faces after intentional learning
Daury, Noémy ULg

in Perceptual & Motor Skills (2009), 109

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See detailLa Danse des spectres. Sur quelques hantises chorégraphiques et cinématographiques
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Bordina, Alessandro; Dubois, Philippe; Monteiro, Lucia Ramos (Eds.) Oui, c'est du cinéma. Formes et espaces de l'image en mouvement (2009)

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See detailGenetic analysis of lactoferrin content in bovine milk
Arnould, Valérie ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2009), 92(5), 2151-2158

Bovine lactoferrin (LF) is mainly present in milk and shows important physiological and biological functions. The aim of this study was to estimate the heritability and correlation values of LF content in ... [more ▼]

Bovine lactoferrin (LF) is mainly present in milk and shows important physiological and biological functions. The aim of this study was to estimate the heritability and correlation values of LF content in bovine milk with different economic traits as milk yield (MY), fat and protein percentages, and somatic cell score (SCS). Variance components of the studied traits were estimated by REML using a multiple-trait mixed model. The obtained heritability (0.22) for LF content predicted using mid-infrared spectrometry (pLF) suggested the possibility of animal selection based on the increase of LF content in milk. The phenotypic and genetic correlation values calculated between pLF and SCS were moderate (0.31 and 0.24, respectively). Furthermore, a preliminary study of bovine LF gene polymorphism effects was performed on the same production traits. By PCR, all exons of the LF gene were amplified and then sequenced. Three new polymorphisms were detected in exon 2, exon 11, and intron 8. We examined the effects of LF gene polymorphisms of exons 2, 4, 9, 11, and 15, and intron 8 on pLF, MY, fat and protein percentages, and SCS. The different observed effects did not reach a significant level probably because of the characteristics of the studied population. However, the results were promising, and LF may be a potential indicator of mastitis. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the effect of genetic selection based on LF content on the improvement of mastitis resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailModel calculations of the Sivers function satisfying the Burkardt sum rule
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Scopetta, S.; Vento, V.

in Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology (2009), 79(7),

It is shown that, at variance with previous analyses, the MIT bag model can explain the available data of the Sivers function and satisfies the Burkardt sum rule to a few percent accuracy. The agreement ... [more ▼]

It is shown that, at variance with previous analyses, the MIT bag model can explain the available data of the Sivers function and satisfies the Burkardt sum rule to a few percent accuracy. The agreement is similar to the one recently found in the constituent quark model. Therefore, these two model calculations of the Sivers function are in agreement with the present experimental and theoretical wisdom. © 2009 The American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailUn théâtre sans acteurs: l'enlèvement de Hanns Martin Schleyer par la Fraction Armée Rouge
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in Cahier Louis-Lumière (2009), 6(printemps), 53-67

On the 5th of September 1977, Hanns Martin Schleyer, head of the German Confederation of Employer’s Associations and former SS member was kidnapped by the Red Army Fraction. This kidnapping was the point ... [more ▼]

On the 5th of September 1977, Hanns Martin Schleyer, head of the German Confederation of Employer’s Associations and former SS member was kidnapped by the Red Army Fraction. This kidnapping was the point of departure for what is usually referred to as the "German Autumn". Since 1977, this important episode in German contemporary history has become the main subject of many audiovisual treatments that attest to the progressive reduction and transformation of an event into some rare symbolic images. This article intends to reflect on the role played by one of these images: a photograph of the kidnapping scene of Hanns Martin Schleyer. This is a striking picture since no dead body is shown, emphasizing that this episode was a (non)event that the media can only document after the fact. Animated by a « dynamic of visual frustration », this image has activated a vast system of semantic filling and reinvestment in which the news, documentary cinema, video art, and the representations produced by the terrorists have become inextricably entangled. [less ▲]

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See detailVapor phase doping and sub-melt laser anneal for ultra-shallow extension junctions in sub-32 nm CMOS technology
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Rosseel, Erik; Takeuchi, Shotaro et al

in Chiussi, S.; Alpuim, P.; Murota, J. (Eds.) et al SiNEP 2009. 1st International Workshop on Si based nano-electronics and -photonics (2009)

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See detailLa vignette therapeutique de l'etudiant. Quand l'asthme se revele.
Louis, Renaud ULg; Schleich, FLorence ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(9), 474-8

Asthma is a frequent chronic inflammatory disease which is often mistaken for simple bronchitis. The diagnosis is based on the association of symptoms and excessive airway calibre variability. When ... [more ▼]

Asthma is a frequent chronic inflammatory disease which is often mistaken for simple bronchitis. The diagnosis is based on the association of symptoms and excessive airway calibre variability. When symptoms are present more than once a week, it is recommended to give low dose inhaled corticoids as a maintenance treatment together with, as needed, rapid acting beta2 agonist. In addition it is crucial to provide the patient with an education on the disease to reinforce adherence to the treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscrepancies between creatinine-based and cystatin C-based equations in estimating prevalence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease in an elderly population.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation (2009), 69(3), 344-9

Background . The prevalence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing, calculated using the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) study equation for estimating glomerular filtration ... [more ▼]

Background . The prevalence of stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing, calculated using the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) study equation for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Cystatin C-based equations are also being used to estimate GFR. Using creatinine-based and cystatin C-based equations, the aim of our study was to measure the difference in prevalence of stage 3 CKD in a population. Methods . CKD screening is organized in the Province of Liege, Belgium. On a voluntary basis, people aged between 45 and 75 years are invited for screening. GFR is estimated using the MDRD study equation and by the three recent cystatin C-based equations proposed by Levey's group. The Levey 1 equation is based on cystatin C only and the Levey 2 equation on cystatin C corrected for age and sex. The Levey 3 equation combines cystatin C, creatinine, age and sex. Results . The population screened comprised 754 people. Cystatin C is highly correlated with creatinine (r = 0.6196, p<0.0001). Prevalence of stage 3 CKD when GFR is estimated by the MDRD equation study is 17.2 %, which is significantly and much higher than the prevalence obtained when cystatin C-based equations are used. Indeed, prevalence is 2 %, 3.3 % and 5.8 % with the Levey 1, 2 and 3 equations, respectively. Conclusions . The prevalence of stage 3 CKD varies strongly following the method used for estimating GFR, creatinine-based or cystatin C-based equations. Such discrepancies must be confirmed and explained in additional studies using GFR measured with a reference method. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobial biomass and C and N transformations in forest floors under European beech, sessile oak, Norway spruce and Douglas-fir at four temperate forest sites
Malchair, Sandrine ULg; Carnol, Monique ULg

in Soil Biology & Biochemistry (2009), 41

The purpose of this research was to compare soil chemistry, microbially mediated carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) transformations and microbial biomass in forest floors under European beech (Fagus sylvatica L ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this research was to compare soil chemistry, microbially mediated carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) transformations and microbial biomass in forest floors under European beech (Fagus sylvatica L), sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Lieblein), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L) Karst) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco) at four study sites. We measured soil chemical characteristics, net N mineralization, potential and relative nitrification, basal respiration, microbial and metabolic quotient and microbial biomass C and N under monoculture stands at all sites (one mixed stand). Tree species affected soil chemistry, microbial activities and biomass. but these effects 'varied between sites. Our results indicated that the effect of tree species on net N mineralization was likely to be mediated through their effect on soil microbial biomass, reflecting their influence on organic matter content and carbon availability. Differences in potential nitrification and relative nitrification might be related to the presence of ground vegetation through its influence on soil NH4 and labile C availability. Our findings highlight the need to study the effects of tree species on microbial activities at several sites to elucidate complex N cycle interactions between tree species, ground vegetation, soil characteristics and microbial processes. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailModélisation numérique 2D unifiée des écoulements dans une retenue, sur l’évacuateur de crue et en aval
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Actes du Colloque Dimensionnement et Fonctionnement des Evacuateurs de crues (2009)

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See detailFirst epidemiological study on exposure to Neospora caninum in different canine populations in the Algiers District (Algeria)
Ghalmi, F.; China, B.; Kaïdi, R. et al

in Parasitology International (2009), 58(4), 444-450

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See detailActive Learning using Mean Shift Optimization for Robot Grasping
Kroemer, Oliver; Detry, Renaud ULg; Piater, Justus ULg et al

in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (2009)

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See detailFonctions et localisation préférentielle des travaux de forge dans les campagnes du Haut-Empire de Narbonnaise : pour une approche paléométallurgique des faits archéologiques
Pagès, Gaspard ULg

in Leveau, Philippe; Raynaud, Claude; Sablayrolles, Robert (Eds.) et al Les formes de l’habitat rural gallo-romain : Terminologies et typologies à l’épreuve des réalités archéologiques, Actes du colloque AGER VIII (2009)

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See detailDe la contemplation de nos limites absolues. A propos de Science Friction de Stan Vanderbeek
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Le Silo (Collectif) (Ed.) Fredric Jameson, Archéologies du futur (2009)

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See detailEvaluation biologique du stress oxydant : application en routine clinique.
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Le Goff, Caroline ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg et al

in Nutritions & Endocrinologie (2009), Déc

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See detailGenotype by environment interaction in dairy cattle
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13(1), 155-164

The aim of this literature review was to identify the existence and scope of genotype by environment interaction (G x E) from reports on dairy cattle populations in different management systems, Methods ... [more ▼]

The aim of this literature review was to identify the existence and scope of genotype by environment interaction (G x E) from reports on dairy cattle populations in different management systems, Methods applied to deal with G x E (controlled experiments and large data modeling) were discussed. A G x E was confirmed essentially when high differences between production environments and/or genotypes (genetically distant genotypes) were observed. Environmental effects were aggregated in most studies and identification of the components of the environment was largely unresolved, with only a few studies based on more definite-descriptors of environment. The implications of G x E on breeding decisions are discussed. Breeders should select genotypes on production traits within environmental conditions comparable to where candidate animals are intended to perform. [less ▲]

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See detailThiaminylated adenine nucleotides — chemical synthesis, structural characterization and natural occurrence
Frederich, Michel ULg; Delvaux, David ULg; Gigliobianco, Tiziana ULg et al

in FEBS Journal (2009), 276(12), 32563268

Thiamine and its three phosphorylated derivatives (mono-, di- and triphosphate) occur naturally in most cells. Recently, we reported the presence of a fourth thiamine derivative, adenosine thiamine ... [more ▼]

Thiamine and its three phosphorylated derivatives (mono-, di- and triphosphate) occur naturally in most cells. Recently, we reported the presence of a fourth thiamine derivative, adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), produced in E. coli in response to carbon starvation. Here, we show that the chemical synthesis of AThTP leads to another new compound, adenosine thiamine diphosphate (thiaminylated ADP, AThDP), as a side product. The structure of both compounds was confirmed by mass spectrometry and 1H-, 13C- and 31P-NMR and some of their chemical properties were determined. Our results show an upfield shifting of the C-2 proton of the thiazolium ring in adenosine thiamine derivatives compared to the conventional thiamine phosphate derivatives. This modification of the electronic environment of the C-2 proton might be explained by a through-space interaction with the adenosine moiety, suggesting an U-shaped folding of adenosine thiamine derivatives. Such a structure where the C-2 proton is embedded in a closed conformation can be located using molecular modeling as an energy minimum. In E. coli, AThTP may account for 15% of total thiamine under energy stress. It is less abundant in eukaryotic organisms, but is consistently found in mammalian tissues and in some cell lines. Using a HPLC method, we show for the first time that AThDP may also occur in small amounts in E. coli and in vertebrate liver. The discovery of two natural thiamine adenine compounds further highlights the complexity and diversity of thiamine biochemistry, which is not restricted to the cofactor role of thiamine diphosphate. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of space allowance on gas emissions from group-housed gestating sows
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Canart, Bernard et al

in Book of abstract of the 60th Annual meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2009)

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