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See detailLate Quaternary climatic changes in southern Chile, as recorded in a diatom sequence of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees 40 ' S)
Sterken, Mieke; Verleyen, Elie; Sabbe, Koen et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 219-235

A late Quaternary diatom stratigraphy of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees 40'S, 72 degrees 28'W) was examined in order to infer past limnological and climatic changes in the South-Chilean Lake District. The ... [more ▼]

A late Quaternary diatom stratigraphy of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees 40'S, 72 degrees 28'W) was examined in order to infer past limnological and climatic changes in the South-Chilean Lake District. The diatom assemblages were well preserved in a 1,122 cm long, C-14-dated sediment core spanning the last 17,900 years, and were in support of an early deglaciation of Lago Puyehue. The presence of a short cold spell in South Chile, equivalent to the Younger Dryas event in the Northern Hemisphere, the Antarctic Cold Reversal in Antarctica, or the Huelmo-Mascardi event in southern South America, was not clearly evidenced in the diatom data, although some climate instability may have occurred between 13,400 and 11,700 cal. yr. BP, and a relatively long period (between 16,850 and 12,810 cal. yr. BP) with low absolute abundances and biovolumes could be tentatively interpreted as a period of low rainfall and/or temperatures. An increase in the moisture supply to the lake was tentatively inferred at 12,810 cal. yr. BP. After 9,550 cal. yr. BP, inferred stronger and longer persisting summer stratification, may have been the result of the higher temperatures associated with an early-Holocene thermal optimum. The mid-Holocene appeared to be characterized by a decrease in precipitation, culminating around 5,000 cal. yr. BP, and rising again after 3,000 cal. yr. BP, likely associated with a previously documented lowered frequency and amplitude of El Nino events. An increase in precipitation during the late Holocene (3,000 cal. yr. BP-present) might have marked subsequent increased frequency of El Nino occurrences, leading to drier summers and slightly moister winters in the area. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between southern Chilean varved lake sediments, precipitation and ENSO for the last 600 years
Boes, Xavier; Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 237-252

In this paper, the relationships between paleo-precipitation and the regional influence of El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in South America are assessed from a high-resolution calendar varve-thickness ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the relationships between paleo-precipitation and the regional influence of El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in South America are assessed from a high-resolution calendar varve-thickness record. Two short laminated sediment cores (53 and 61 cm length) from Lago Puyehue (40 degrees S) are analysed by continuous varve measurements through the last 600 years. The calendar varve years are determined by the occurrence of graded planktonic-rich layers. The annual sediment accumulation rates are reconstructed by using the standard varve-counting methods on thin sections. The 1980-2000 varve-thickness record is interpreted in terms of climate through correlation with limnological and local monthly instrumental climate databases. The comparison between the standardized varve thickness with the instrumental records reveals a strong correlation (r = 0.75, p = 0.07) between the total varve thickness and the austral autumn/winter precipitation. We argue that strong austral winter winds and precipitation are the forcing factors for the seasonal turn-over and phytoplankton increase in the lake sediments. During strong El Nino events the precipitation and the winds decrease abnormally, hence reducing the thickness of the biogenic sediments deposited after the winter turn-over. Our results show one significant regional maximum peak of winter precipitation (>900 mm) in the mid 20th century and a significant period with lower winter precipitation (<400 mm) before the 15th century, i.e., the late Medieval Warm Period. The first peak in the mid 20th century is confirmed by the regional precipitation database. The influence of ENSO cycles over the last 600 years is assessed by spectral analysis in Fagel et al. (2007). The possible influence of the regional volcanism and/or the seismic activity on the local climate record is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailGenre, emploi et marché du travail : un tableau contrasté
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Cornet, Annie; Laufer, Jacqueline; Belghiti-Mahut, S. (Eds.) GRH et genre : les défits de l'égalité hommes-femmes (2008)

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See detailQuantum imaging with uncorrelated single photon sources
Bastin, Thierry ULg

in Proceedings of SPIE (2008)

We propose a technique to obtain sub-wavelength resolution using photons from uncorrelated single photon sources. The method employs N photons of wavelength λ spontaneously emitted from N atoms and ... [more ▼]

We propose a technique to obtain sub-wavelength resolution using photons from uncorrelated single photon sources. The method employs N photons of wavelength λ spontaneously emitted from N atoms and subsequently detected by N detectors. We demonstrate that for certain detector positions the N-th order correlation function as a function of the first detector position is a pure sinusoidal oscillation with a fringe spacing of λ/N and a contrast of 100%. The result corresponds to an N-fold increase in resolution compared to classical microscopy. Our technique is also capable of imaging a distinct physical object with sub-Rayleigh resolution. [less ▲]

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See detailMothflies (Diptera : Psychodidae) in hospitals: A guide to their identification and methods for their control
Verheggen, François ULg; Mignon, Jacques ULg; Louis, Josiane ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 63(4), 251-255

Repeated observation of "mothflies" at CHU Brugmann (Horta site hospital in Brussels) is not an isolated incident. Many public buildings have been infested by these Diptera of the Psychodidae Family ... [more ▼]

Repeated observation of "mothflies" at CHU Brugmann (Horta site hospital in Brussels) is not an isolated incident. Many public buildings have been infested by these Diptera of the Psychodidae Family. Although the species currently seen in Belgium is not a danger to human health, any infestation should be swiftly eradicated so as to limit the risks of a massive proliferation, source of hygiene problems and of potential bacterial dissemination. A good knowledge of adult and larval biology allows the potential sites of infestation to be quickly identified. The method to be envisaged to solve the problem will combine different approaches such as removing the risk factors (decomposing organic matter), monitoring egg-laying sites, applying caustic soda-based products and possibly treating with insecticide. [less ▲]

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See detailL'héritage des études sociales de l'objet dans l'action
Melard, François ULg

in Melard, François (Ed.) Écologisation : Objets et concepts intermédiaires (2008)

Ce chapitre introductif vise à présenter une série de perspectives de recherche associées à l'étude des objets et dispositifs socio-techniques selon leurs modes d'engagement dans l'action : l'objet ... [more ▼]

Ce chapitre introductif vise à présenter une série de perspectives de recherche associées à l'étude des objets et dispositifs socio-techniques selon leurs modes d'engagement dans l'action : l'objet "transparent", l'objet "média" ou encore l'objet "médiateur". [less ▲]

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See detailWood remains and sporomorphs from the Wealden facies of Hautrage (Mons Basin, Belgium): palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironnemental implications.
Gerards, Thomas ULg; Yans, Johan; Spagna, Paul et al

in Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Belgium (2008), 55

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See detailComment je previens...l'endocardite infectieuse: une meilleure hygiene bucco-dentaire plutot qu'une antibioprophylaxie systematique?
Morimont, P.; Frippiat, F.; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(11), 640-2

Prophylaxis for infective endocarditis has been recommended on the basis of the supposed pathophysiology of the disease, although no randomised clinical trial has confirmed its efficacy. Bacteraemia ... [more ▼]

Prophylaxis for infective endocarditis has been recommended on the basis of the supposed pathophysiology of the disease, although no randomised clinical trial has confirmed its efficacy. Bacteraemia resulting from daily activities is much more likely to cause infective endocarditis than bacteraemia associated with invasive medical procedures. As a result, recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis tend now to be severely restricted. [less ▲]

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See detailLe point sur le diagnostic de l’aspergillose naso-sinusale chez le chien.
Billen, Frédéric ULg; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Peeters, Dominique ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2008), 152(2)

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See detailAn original adaptation of photosynthesis in the marine green alga Ostreococcus.
Cardol, Pierre ULg; Bailleul, Benjamin; Rappaport, Fabrice et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2008), 105(22), 7881-6

Adaptation of photosynthesis in marine environment has been examined in two strains of the green, picoeukaryote Ostreococcus: OTH95, a surface/high-light strain, and RCC809, a deep-sea/low-light strain ... [more ▼]

Adaptation of photosynthesis in marine environment has been examined in two strains of the green, picoeukaryote Ostreococcus: OTH95, a surface/high-light strain, and RCC809, a deep-sea/low-light strain. Differences between the two strains include changes in the light-harvesting capacity, which is lower in OTH95, and in the photoprotection capacity, which is enhanced in OTH95. Furthermore, RCC809 has a reduced maximum rate of O(2) evolution, which is limited by its decreased photosystem I (PSI) level, a possible adaptation to Fe limitation in the open oceans. This decrease is, however, accompanied by a substantial rerouting of the electron flow to establish an H(2)O-to-H(2)O cycle, involving PSII and a potential plastid plastoquinol terminal oxidase. This pathway bypasses electron transfer through the cytochrome b(6)f complex and allows the pumping of "extra" protons into the thylakoid lumen. By promoting the generation of a large DeltapH, it facilitates ATP synthesis and nonphotochemical quenching when RCC809 cells are exposed to excess excitation energy. We propose that the diversion of electrons to oxygen downstream of PSII, but before PSI, reflects a common and compulsory strategy in marine phytoplankton to bypass the constraints imposed by light and/or nutrient limitation and allow successful colonization of the open-ocean marine environment. [less ▲]

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See detailLa laïcité à l'épreuve de ses usages
Brausch, Géraldine ULg

in Jacquemain, Marc; Rosa-Rosso, Nadine (Eds.) Du bon usage de la laïcité (2008)

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See detailTraité de Lisbonne et politique de concurrence – Rupture ?
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2008), (1), 265-279

L'auteur envisage les différentes modifications que l'adoption du Traité de Lisbonne pourra apporter à la définition de la politique de concurrence en Europe

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See detailBase de données sur les prix artistiques dans l'entre-deux-guerres au Québec
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Lapointe, Olivier

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2008)

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See detailDébats belges pour une politique migratoire. Mapping des acteurs
Perrin, Nathalie ULg; Stockmans, Pieter

Book published by Fondation Roi Baudouin (2008)

Cette publication propose un inventaire des principaux acteurs qui contribuent ou peuvent contribuer à définir une politique migratoire pour la Belgique ; elle fait aussi le point sur leurs prises de ... [more ▼]

Cette publication propose un inventaire des principaux acteurs qui contribuent ou peuvent contribuer à définir une politique migratoire pour la Belgique ; elle fait aussi le point sur leurs prises de position récentes. Quel est par exemple le point de vue de la FGTB sur une régularisation ? Que pense la FEB d’une nouvelle migration économique ? Que dit le Conseil des Femmes sur l’accueil des primo-arrivants ? Et bien d’autres encore. [less ▲]

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See detailThe hallucinating brain: A review of structural and functional neuroimaging studies of hallucinations
Allen, P.; Laroi, Frank ULg; McGuire, P. K. et al

in Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews (2008), 32(1), 175-191

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See detailRebeccamycin derivatives as dual DNA-damaging agents and potent checkpoint kinase 1 inhibitors.
Marminon, Christelle; Anizon, Fabrice; Moreau, Pascale et al

in Molecular Pharmacology (2008), 74(6), 1620-9

Rebeccamycin is an indolocarbazole class inhibitor of topoisomerase I. In the course of structure-activity relationship studies on rebeccamycin derivatives, we have synthesized analogs with the sugar ... [more ▼]

Rebeccamycin is an indolocarbazole class inhibitor of topoisomerase I. In the course of structure-activity relationship studies on rebeccamycin derivatives, we have synthesized analogs with the sugar moiety attached to either one or both indole nitrogens. Some analogs, especially those with substitutions at the 6' position of the carbohydrate moiety, exhibit potent inhibitory activity toward checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1), a kinase that has a major role in the G(2)/M checkpoint in response to DNA damage. Some of these compounds retained a genotoxic activity either through intercalation into the DNA and/or by topoisomerase I-mediated DNA cleavage. We explored the structure-activity relationship between these compounds and their multiple targets. These rebeccamycin derivatives represent a novel class of potential antitumor agents that have a dual effect and might selectively induce the death of cancer cells. [less ▲]

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See detailTheoretical Understanding of Targeted Energy Transfers for Suppressing Aeroelastic Instabilities in a Nonlinear Aeroelastic Test Apparatus
Lee, Young S.; McFarland, D. Michael; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg et al

in 45th Technical Meeting of the Society of Engineering Science, Urbana Champaign, 2008 (2008)

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See detailOn the complementarity of contrastive linguistics and interlanguage studies
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (6 ULg)