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See detailA Critical Study of Primate Reintroduction Projects in the Mesoamerican Region.
Martin, Sarah ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Libois, Roland ULg

Poster (2008)

Very little is known about primate reintroduction projects in Mesoamerica. The aim of this study was to focus on existing projects concerning primate re-introductions, conservation-introduction ... [more ▼]

Very little is known about primate reintroduction projects in Mesoamerica. The aim of this study was to focus on existing projects concerning primate re-introductions, conservation-introduction, translocation, as well as on reinforcement-supplementation of parallel initiatives. In order to create a database, a survey was sent to a panel of scientists in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and we visited five projects in Costa Rica from March to August 2006. A total of 19 projects were found: Costa Rica hosted the higher number (7) while Salvador and Nicaragua did not host any. Fourteen out of those 19 projects concerned confiscated animals. Six of the 7 Costa Rican projects used confiscated primates; the other ones came from wild populations or were born in captivity. Alouatta palliata and Ateles geoffroyi are the most common species subject to reintroduction effort in the Mesoamerican region. A wide range of factors seem to influence reintroduction success such as: the project’s budget, the release site, the mode of transportation, the caging setting, the support from local communities, the presence of environmental education programs, but also the age of primates, etc. Each project seems to work as a completely separated entity, with its own definition of reintroduction success and its own policy. There’s no communication between the projects, no matter if they are based in the same country or work on the same species. A reintroduction guideline for this region should be established as well as a regional network coordinating the information. [less ▲]

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See detailSeismic behaviour of storage racks made of thin-walled steel members
Degée, Hervé ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Structural Dynamics (2008)

This paper presents an example of rack structure modelling accounting for structural non-linearities and for the possible relative motion between the rack and the stored goods that occurs as soon as the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an example of rack structure modelling accounting for structural non-linearities and for the possible relative motion between the rack and the stored goods that occurs as soon as the inertial force exceeds the friction resistance. It evidences that the constant reduction factor proposed by the RMI should actually be modulated according to the structural typology (and in particular the first natural frequency of the system) and to the ratio ag/μ between the design acceleration and the friction coefficient of the pallets. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévalence de l’ostéochondrose chez le cheval de sport en Wallonie
Vander Heyden, Laurent ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg; Caudron, Isabelle et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2008), 152(3), 131-137

Osteochondrosis (OC), a developmental orthopaedic disease, is consecutive to a defect in the endochondral ossification process, and can result in formation of an osteochondral fragment (osteochondrosis ... [more ▼]

Osteochondrosis (OC), a developmental orthopaedic disease, is consecutive to a defect in the endochondral ossification process, and can result in formation of an osteochondral fragment (osteochondrosis dissecans). Our objective is to establish the prevalence of osteochondrosis in Wallonia, and describe the main observed lesions. One hundred forty-two Warmblood horses, aged from 12 to 36 months, underwent a systematic X-ray examination. Sixty-three of these horses (44.4 %) presented one or more OC lesions, 46 (32.4 %) of them with an articular fragment. This prevalence is similar to those observed in Dutch Warmblood horses (44.3 %). The localisation of the lesions was as follows: 25 (17.6 %) of the experimental group showed one or more lesions in the hindlimbs fetlocks, 23 (16.2 %) in the hocks, 21 (14.8 %) in the stifles and 14 (9.9 %) in the forelimbs fetlocks. The medial ridge of the talus is the most frequently injured anatomical site in our study. This lesion was observed in 12 horses (8.4 %), a prevalence that is by far higher than those observed in Dutch Warmblood horses (2.9 %). Not any significant difference was observed between males and females. The high prevalence and the clinical and economic consequences of this disease in the horse’s industry fully justify further research in order to improve the understanding of its pathogenic process. [less ▲]

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See detailAn elasto-viscoplastic model for chalk including suction effects
Collin, Frédéric ULg; De Gennaro, Vincenzo; Delage, Pierre et al

in Toll, David (Ed.) Unsaturated Soils: Advances in Geo-Engineering (2008)

During the six years long Pasachalk project devoted to the mechanical behaviour of high porosity chalks from North Sea oilfields, the constitutive model Pasachalk (Collin et al., 2002) was proposed based ... [more ▼]

During the six years long Pasachalk project devoted to the mechanical behaviour of high porosity chalks from North Sea oilfields, the constitutive model Pasachalk (Collin et al., 2002) was proposed based on the Barcelona Basic Model (BBM) (Alonso et al., 1990). The approach was based on the similarities found between the oil-water interactions (oil and water being the non wetting and wetting fluid respectively) in oil reservoir chalk and the air-water interactions in unsaturated soils. This approach appeared to be relevant to in-terpret the subsidence of the seafloor during waterflooding operations for enhanced oil recovery that has been observed in North Sea oilfields (e.g. Ekofisk oilfield). Another important component of subsidence was then related to the creep behaviour of the multiphase chalk (De Gennaro et al., 2003). A modified Pasachalk model was proposed to account for time effects using the framework of Perzyna’s viscoplasticity (1964) but without considering suction effects. Based on available experimental results (Priol et al., 2007), a modified version of the viscoplastic Pasachalk model including suction effects is proposed in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailLes aspects sociologiques de la transmission du patrimoine familial
Guillaume, Jean-François ULg

in Baugniet, Nathalie; Taymans, Jean-François (Eds.) Planification successorale. Aspects civils et fiscaux (2008)

Quelle place pour la transmission du patrimoine dans les familles contemporaines ? Quelles normes pour organiser le partage des biens entre héritiers ? Ces questions sont envisagées au départ de ... [more ▼]

Quelle place pour la transmission du patrimoine dans les familles contemporaines ? Quelles normes pour organiser le partage des biens entre héritiers ? Ces questions sont envisagées au départ de recherches en sociologie de la famille, réalisées en Belgique et en France. [less ▲]

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See detailVibration Mitigation of Nonlinear Vibrating Structures using Nonlinear Energy Sinks
Viguié, Régis ULg; Peeters, Maxime ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg et al

in 26th International Modal Analysis Conference, Orlando, 2008 (2008)

The tuned mass damper (TMD) is a simple and efficient device, but it is only effective when it is precisely tuned to the frequency of a vibration mode. Because nonlinear vibrating structures have resonant ... [more ▼]

The tuned mass damper (TMD) is a simple and efficient device, but it is only effective when it is precisely tuned to the frequency of a vibration mode. Because nonlinear vibrating structures have resonant frequencies that vary with the amount of total energy in the system, the efficiency of a TMD is questionable in this case. In the present study, the performance of an essentially nonlinear attachment, termed a nonlinear energy sink (NES), is assessed. It is shown that, unlike the TMD, an NES has no preferential resonant frequency, which makes it a good candidate for vibration mitigation of nonlinear vibrating structures. [less ▲]

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See detailLe modèle des événements d'apprentissage-Enseignement
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Poumay, Marianne ULg

Learning material (2008)

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See detailModal analysis of mineral blends using optical image analysis versus X ray diffraction
Bouzahzah, Hassan; Califice, Arnaud ULg; Benzaazoua, Mostafa et al

in GU, Ying; BUTCHER, Alan; STEELE, David (Eds.) Proceedings of International Congress for Applied Mineralogy ICAM08 (2008)

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See detailWater and Habitability, FNRS contact group workshop, Abstracts and Program, ROB Brussels nov 20th 2008
Dehant, Véronique; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Book (2008)

Water and Habitability, FNRS contact group workshop, Abstracts and Program, ROB Brussels nov 20th 2008

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See detailDes cases très sensibles
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in Cahiers du CIRCAV (2008), 19

about the use of photography into the comics of Breccia, Naito, Spiegelman, Guibert, Teulé and Boilet.

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See detailCOMPUTATION OF NONLINEAR NORMAL MODES, PART I: NUMERICAL CONTINUATION IN MATLAB
Peeters, Maxime ULg; Viguié, Régis ULg; Serandour, Guillaume et al

in Sixth EUROMECH Nonlinear Dynamics Conference, Saint Petersbourg, 2008 (2008)

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) is discussed in the present paper and its companion, Part II. Because there is virtually no application of the NNMs to large-scale engineering structures ... [more ▼]

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) is discussed in the present paper and its companion, Part II. Because there is virtually no application of the NNMs to large-scale engineering structures, these papers are an attempt to highlight one aspect that might drive their development in the future. Specifically, we support that numerical methods for the continuation of periodic solutions pave the way for an effective and practical computation of NNMs. In this context, we show that the NNM computation is possible with limited implementation effort. The proposed algorithm, implemented in MATLAB, relies on two main techniques, namely a shooting procedure and a method for the continuation of NNM motions. The algorithm is demonstrated using a 2DOF nonlinear system. A comparison with the results given by the AUTO software is achieved in Part II. [less ▲]

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See detailA parametric study on the emissions from an HCCI alternative combustion engine resulting from the auto-ignition of primary reference fuels
Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Cavadias, Simeon; Amouroux, Jacques

in Applied Energy (2008), 85(8), 755-764

The homogeneous charge compression ignition is an alternative combustion technology that can reduce automobile pollution, provided that the exhaust emission can be controlled. A parametric study can be ... [more ▼]

The homogeneous charge compression ignition is an alternative combustion technology that can reduce automobile pollution, provided that the exhaust emission can be controlled. A parametric study can be useful in order to gain more understanding in the emission reduction possibilities via this new combustion technology. For this purpose, the inlet temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio are changed, respectively, from 30 to 70 degrees C, 0.28 to 0.41 and 6 to 14. Also the diluting, thermal and chemical effects of exhaust gas recirculation were studied. The emission of CO, CO2, O-2 and hydrocarbons has been measured using primary reference fuels. It appears that an increase in the inlet temperature, the EGR temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio results into a decrease of the emissions of CO and the hydrocarbons of up to 75%. The emission of CO2 increased, however, by 50%. The chemical parameters showed more complicated effects, resulting into a decrease or increase of the emissions, depending on whether the overall reactivity increased or not. If the reactivity increased, generally, the emissions of CO and hydrocarbons increased, while that of CO2 increased. The increase of CO2 emissions could be compensated by altering the compression ratio and the EGR parameters, making it possible to control the emission of the HCCI engine. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Minimal Fusion Peptide Of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Corresponds To The 11 First Residues Of Gp32
Lorin, A.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Stroobant, V. et al

in Journal of Peptide Science (2008), 14(4), 423-8

We had previously predicted successfully the minimal fusion peptides (FPs) of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) gp41 and the bovine leukemia virus (BLV) gp30 using an original approach based on ... [more ▼]

We had previously predicted successfully the minimal fusion peptides (FPs) of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) gp41 and the bovine leukemia virus (BLV) gp30 using an original approach based on the obliquity/fusogenicity relationship of tilted peptides. In this paper, we have used the same method to predict the shortest FP capable of inducing optimal fusion in vitro of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) mac isolate and of other SIVs and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-2) isolates. In each case, the 11-residue-long peptide was predicted as the minimal FP. For the SIV mac isolate, liposome lipid-mixing and leakage assays confirmed that this peptide is the shortest peptide inducing optimal fusion in vitro, being therefore the minimal FP. These results are another piece of evidence that the tilted properties of FPs are important for the fusion process and that our method can be used to predict the minimal FPs of other viruses. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of the Slow-Flow Dynamics of Transonic Aeroelastic Response from Time-Series Data
Lee, Y. S.; Vakakis, Alexander F.; McFarland, D. M. et al

in 45th Technical Meeting of the Society of Engineering Science, Urbana Champaign, 2008 (2008)

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See detailThe role of control and system theory in systems biology
Wellstead, Peter; Bullinger, Eric ULg; Kalarnatianos, Dimitrios et al

in Annual Reviews in Control (2008), 32(1), 33-47

The use of new technology and mathematics to study the systems of nature is one of the most significant scientific trends of the century. Driven by the need for more precise scientific understanding ... [more ▼]

The use of new technology and mathematics to study the systems of nature is one of the most significant scientific trends of the century. Driven by the need for more precise scientific understanding, advances in automated measurement are providing rich new sources of biological and physiological data. These data provide information to create mathematical models of increasing sophistication and realism-models that can emulate biological and physiological systems with sufficient accuracy to advance our understanding of living systems and disease mechanisms. New measurement and modelling methods set the stage for control and systems theory to play their role in seeking out the mechanisms and principles that regulate life. It is of inestimable importance for the future of control as a discipline that this role is performed in the correct manner. If we handle the area wisely then living systems will present a seemingly boundless range of important new problems-just as physical and engineering systems have done in previous centuries. But there is a crucial difficulty. Faced with a bewildering array of choices in an unfamiliar area, how does a researcher select a worthwhile and fruitful problem? This article is an attempt to help by offering a control-oriented guide to the labyrinthine world of biology/physiology and its control research opportunities. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA novel method for the quantitative assessment of the ionosphere effect on high accuracy GNSS applications which require ambiguity resolution
Lejeune, Sandrine; Warnant, René ULg

in Journal of Atmospheric & Solar-Terrestrial Physics (2008), 70

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See detailPrediction of the sound pressure levels using a diffusion model: numerical validations and experimental comparisons
Billon, Alexis ULg; Picaut, Judicaël

in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (2008), 123(5), 3924-3924

redictions of sound propagation in urban areas have attracted a considerable over the years. If the sound energy is assimilated to particles with a constant energy, their movement can be described by a ... [more ▼]

redictions of sound propagation in urban areas have attracted a considerable over the years. If the sound energy is assimilated to particles with a constant energy, their movement can be described by a transport equation. In canyon streets, this transport equation can be reduced to a diffusion equation whose expression is more simple. In this presentation, sound absorption at the boundaries (buildings facades and ground), as well as atmospheric sound attenuation are introduced. The problem is then solved numerically using a finite elements method for the configuration of a canyon street. A systematic validation of the obtained model is carried out in terms of sound pressure level by comparison to numerical simulations taken from the literature. Comparisons with experimental data are then conducted. Finally, applications in more complex configurations are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of glucocorticoid bioactivity in bovine urine samples using a reporter gene assay
Connolly, Lisa; Kai, C.; Van Der Heiden, Edwige ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Euroresidue VI Conference (2008)

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