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See detailUtiliser la logique floue pour gérer une production
Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente (2008), 126

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See detailLes motifs : un outil pour la caractérisation topologique des textes
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Mellet, Sylvie; Luong, Xuan

in Heiden, Serge; Pincemin, Benedicte (Eds.) Actes des JADT 2008, 9èmes Journées internationales d’Analyse statistique des Données Textuelles, Lyon, 12-14 mars 2008, (2008)

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See detailNégociations identitaires et comportements déviants à l'adolescence
Born, Michel ULg; Gavray, Claire ULg

in Vrancken, D.; Dubois, C.; Schoenaers, F. (Eds.) Penser la négociation (2008)

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See detailQuand la politique est conviée sur les planches. Spectacles, patriotisme et morale politique dans les collèges jésuites belges au XVIIe s.
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Cahiers du Centre de Recherches en Histoire du Droit et des Institutions (2008), 29

Mars enchaîné, tyran renversé, impiété condamnée, paix exaltée : les grandes actions publiques des élèves des collèges des jésuites des provinces belges montrent la dimension très politique du théâtre ... [more ▼]

Mars enchaîné, tyran renversé, impiété condamnée, paix exaltée : les grandes actions publiques des élèves des collèges des jésuites des provinces belges montrent la dimension très politique du théâtre jésuite. Le présent article en étudie les modalités et les objectifs. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure et ontogenèse des comportements de banc chez deux poissons Cichlidés: approche quantitative par l'utilisation du vidéotracking automatisé chez Oreochromis niloticus et Pelvicachromis pulcher.
Delcourt, Johann ULg

Doctoral thesis (2008)

Structures and ontogeny of schools in two cichlid fishes: quantitative approach with computerized videotracking systems in Oreochromis niloticus and Pelvicachromis pulcher. by Johann DELCOURT (Behavioural ... [more ▼]

Structures and ontogeny of schools in two cichlid fishes: quantitative approach with computerized videotracking systems in Oreochromis niloticus and Pelvicachromis pulcher. by Johann DELCOURT (Behavioural Biology Unit, Ethology and Animal Psychology, University of Liège, Belgium) The research works presented in this thesis, using new ethometric techniques based on digital imaging analysis, concerns several questions relating to the study of shoaling and schooling behaviours in early stages of life in two Cichlid species. Our two model species, the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) and Pelvicachromis pulcher, are respectively a mouthbreeder and a substrate breeder. These reproductive and parental strategies have a direct impact on the ontogeny of fry. In this study, we have worked at understanding the impact of these strategies on the ontogeny of shoaling and schooling behaviours. The characterization of these behaviours needed the elaboration of new videotracking systems able to track individually a large number of fish, and the analysis of the spatial and dynamical structure of the group. After an extensive general introduction devoted to the shoaling and schooling behaviours in regards of the ethological study plan, we present our works in three major goals. These three topics concern: 1. Lab works using some classical methods of direct observation and a technique of computerised vision systems (Ethovision®). Moreover, Laboratory studies of fish groups were conducted to develop a new multitracking system, in collaboration with the G.R.A.S.P. (ULg), able to track a large number of unmarked individuals (up to 100 fishes) during several minutes. Thanks these two tracking systems, we studied the fry behaviours at the individual and the groups levels. 2. The emergence conditions of these behaviours. Are the fry able to adopt these behaviours in absence of parents, in absence of external stimuli? In this context, we described the spatial and dynamical (local and global) structures of groups to understand the mechanisms allowing the existence of schools. 3. The ontogeny of shoaling and schooling behaviours in the two model parental species. The first part exposes research devoted to the application, development and validation of the use of two videotracking systems (presented in the material and methods section). The advantages, capacities and limits of these systems are presented. The work concerning the emergence (the mechanisms) and the ontogeny are presented in scientific paper format in the “Results” section. A large general discussion centred on the three major goals (development of new ethometric tools, the structures and mechanisms of schools and the ontogeny of shoaling and schooling behaviours) concludes this PhD dissertation. [less ▲]

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See detailPresence of six bee viruses in Apis mellifera L. populations in Wallonia (Belgium)
Mignon, Jacques ULg; Snoeck, Chantal; Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailDécomposition photocatalytique de polluants et de micro-organismes dans l'eau
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Dans le cadre de la réutilisation des eaux usées et de l’accès limité à l’eau potable dans certaines régions du globe, de nouvelles techniques de désinfection nécessitant de faibles consommations ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de la réutilisation des eaux usées et de l’accès limité à l’eau potable dans certaines régions du globe, de nouvelles techniques de désinfection nécessitant de faibles consommations d’énergie sont étudiées. Cette eau n’est pas toujours potable et contient des polluants qui induisent des mutations génétiques pouvant conduire au développement de cancers ou encore des micro-organismes pathogènes causant des maladies graves. Depuis la découverte des propriétés de photodégradation oxydante du dioxyde de titane (TiO2), la photocatalyse hétérogène est utilisée pour l’élimination des polluants environnementaux et des micro-organismes. [less ▲]

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See detailSzűz Mária alakja a nők és a feminizmus történetében
Delfosse, Annick ULg; Gabi, Somorjai

in Pannonhalmi Szemle (2008), 16(2), 63-68

The A. offers to study the place of the Marian figure in the women story. She proves to show various points of view: the masculine cleric authorities’ use of the Virgin as an identification norm imposed ... [more ▼]

The A. offers to study the place of the Marian figure in the women story. She proves to show various points of view: the masculine cleric authorities’ use of the Virgin as an identification norm imposed to the women as well as the claim of these latter that the Virgin is also an emancipation tool. [less ▲]

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See detailImposing monotonicity in parametric distance functions
Santin, D.; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Applied Economics (2008)

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See detailArticulation des plans, schémas et règlements d'urbanisme et Le régime d'indemnisation des dépréciations d'urbanisme
Pâques, Michel ULg; Van Damme, N.; Thiebaut, Ch.

in Complément au Répertoire pratique de Droit belge (2008)

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See detailEvolution of anti-eCG antibodies in response to eCG doses and number of injections. Relation with rabbit does productivity
Theau-Clément, M.; Lebas, F.; Beckers, J. F. et al

in Animal (2008), 2(5), 746-751

The aim of this experiment was to study the kinetics of anti-eCG (equine chorionic gonadotrophin) antibodies in relation to eCG dose (8 or 25 IU) and number of injections (n = 11) in comparison with a ... [more ▼]

The aim of this experiment was to study the kinetics of anti-eCG (equine chorionic gonadotrophin) antibodies in relation to eCG dose (8 or 25 IU) and number of injections (n = 11) in comparison with a control group (no injection), and to relate antibody production to sexual receptivity and productivity of rabbit does. In all, 124 lactating primiparous rabbit does were inseminated every 35 days for a year. Just before eCG injection (48 h before insemination), blood samples were collected from all the does to assay anti-eCG antibodies. The anti-eCG antibody binding rate, regardless of the injected dose, shows that none of the does developed detectable anti-eCG antibodies before the 7th injection. The level of detectable anti-eCG antibodies began to show an increase at the 7th injection and was significant only for the 25 IU dose at the 11th injection. At the end of the experiment, 15% and 39% of does treated with 8 and 25 IU, respectively, developed immunity to eCG (binding rate >6%: higher binding rate of the control group). Consequently, the immune response depends on the eCG dose and on the number of injections. Moreover, productivity of does estimated from the number of weaned rabbits produced per insemination is not influenced by the level of eCG antibodies (7.0 and 6.9 for binding rate <6% and binding rate 6%, respectively). Only 19 inseminations (n = 6 and n = 13 for 8 and 25 IU, respectively) were made on hyperimmune does. Consequently, the immune response to eCG seems to be marginal for rabbit does. Moreover, under the described experimental conditions, reproductive performances of hyperimmune does were not affected [less ▲]

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See detailGait analysis during an original walking test
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Chapelier, Dominique et al

in Parkinsonism & Related Disorders (2008), 14

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See detailDeletion of Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor-1 gene accentuates D-amphetamine-induced psychomotor activation but neither the subsequent development of sensitization nor the expression of conditioned activity in mice
Tyhon, Amélie ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg; Grisar, Thierry ULg et al

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (2008), 88

The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that mice lacking the MCHR1 receptor (Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor-1) present an elevated vulnerability towards the neurobehavioural effects of D ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that mice lacking the MCHR1 receptor (Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor-1) present an elevated vulnerability towards the neurobehavioural effects of D-amphetamine, presumably due to previously established up-regulations of dopamine D1 receptors in these mice. We examined the psychomotor effects of five once-daily injections of 1.5 and 3 mg/kg D-amphetamine (i.p.) or ten once-daily injections of 2.25 mg/kg D-amphetamine in knockout (KO) mice lacking the MCHR1 receptor. The first injection of Damphetamine induced a greater psychomotor response amongst the KO mice at 2.25 and 3.0 mg/kg. On all subsequent D-amphetamine injections, KO mice still showed greater levels of psychomotor activity than the WT mice, but with no between-genotype difference in the rate of development of sensitization (similar slopes of the curves). Furthermore, 24 h after the last injection of 2.25 mg/kg D-amphetamine both genotypes exhibited a significant post-sensitization conditioned activity. Thus, MCHR1 receptors are likely not deeply involved in the mechanisms of induction of sensitization and related conditioned activity induced by D-amphetamine, albeit our results confirm a contribution of these receptors to the mechanisms of the acute effects of that drug, possibly via an inhibitory action on the dopaminergic mesolimbic system. Our results do not support the hypothesis of a functional contribution of MCHR1 receptors to the addictive effects of D-amphetamine [less ▲]

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See detailLe medicament du mois. Ivabradine (Procoralan).
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(4), 220-4

Ivabradine (Procoralan), a new If inhibitor which acts specifically and in a dose-dependent manner on the pacemaker activity of the sinoatrial node, is a pure heart rate lowering agent. It slows the ... [more ▼]

Ivabradine (Procoralan), a new If inhibitor which acts specifically and in a dose-dependent manner on the pacemaker activity of the sinoatrial node, is a pure heart rate lowering agent. It slows the diastolic depolarization slope of sinoatrial node cells and reduces heart rate at rest and during exercise. It has shown anti-ischaemic and anti-anginal activity at recommended doses of 5 and 7.5 mg bid in patients with stable angina. Ivabradine is as effective as atenolol and amlodipine to prevent or attenuate exercise-induced ischaemia in these patients. It is well tolerated, with transient visual symptoms being the main drug-related adverse event. These symptoms may be linked to the presence in the retina of ion channels similar to cardiac If channels and did not adversely affect the tolerability of the drug for most patients. In Belgium, ivabradine is currently reimbursed in patients with stable angina and normal sinus rhythm who do not tolerate beta-blockers and non-dihydropyridine calcium antagonists or in whom these treatments are contra-indicated. [less ▲]

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See detailTemperature dependence of mycosubtilin homologue production in Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633.
Fickers, Patrick ULg; Leclere, Valerie; Guez, Jean*-Sebastien et al

in Research in Microbiology (2008), 159(6), 449-57

Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633 produces mycosubtilin, a non-ribosomally synthesized lipopeptide of the iturin family which presents antagonistic activities toward various phytopathogens. Different homologues ... [more ▼]

Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633 produces mycosubtilin, a non-ribosomally synthesized lipopeptide of the iturin family which presents antagonistic activities toward various phytopathogens. Different homologues with fatty acid moiety varying from C15 to C17 are usually co-produced, with their biological activities increasing with the number of carbons in the fatty acid chain. In the present report, we highlight that growth temperature modulates both the extent of mycosubtilin production and the relative abundance of the different homologues. A 30-fold increase in mycosubtilin production was observed when the temperature was decreased from 37 degrees C to 25 degrees C for both strain ATCC6633 and its derivative BBG100, a constitutive mycosubtilin overproducer. However, no significant difference in either the expression of the mycosubtilin synthetase encoding genes or in the intracellular synthetase concentration could be found, suggesting that the observed phenotype originated from a higher mycosubtilin synthetase turnover at lower temperature. We also point out that lower growth temperature leads to an increased proportion of odd-numbered fatty acid homologues as a consequence of de novo synthesis of C17 anteiso fatty acid following cell adaptation to low temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailTiming of the late glacial and Younger Dryas cold reversal in southern Chile varved sediments
Boes, Xavier; Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 267-281

The timing of the last deglaciation in southern Chile is re-evaluated from a calendar varve chronology (Lago Puyehue, 40 degrees S). The climate shifts are analysed by continuous annual varve-thickness ... [more ▼]

The timing of the last deglaciation in southern Chile is re-evaluated from a calendar varve chronology (Lago Puyehue, 40 degrees S). The climate shifts are analysed by continuous annual varve-thickness measurements through the similar to 17,100 cal. year to 10,800 cal. year BP time window (similar to 3.5 m sediment core). The varve years are determined by the alternation of light (phytoplankton-rich) and dark (terrigenous and organic-rich) layers forming graded annual couplets (similar to 0.2 to 0.8 mm/year). The varve chronology is constructed by conventional varve-counting methods on thin sections after correction for instantaneous volcanic and/or seismic events detected in the thin sections. The calibrated varve-age model derived from the manual varve counting is constrained by high-resolution grey-scale (GS) semi-automatic counts of the annual light phytoplankton-rich layers (similar to 120 mu m to 300 mu m thick). Due to physical sediment properties the GS constitutes a proxy record for the phytoplankton/terrigenous varve-thickness variations through the sediment record. The varve couplets are thicker/thinner during humid/dry phases and darker/lighter (negative/positive annual grey-scale index) during cold/warm phases. Our results show that at 40 degrees S the last deglaciation took place in two phases between similar to 17,100 cal. year and similar to 15,500 cal. year BP. We note a climate instability between similar to 15,500 cal. year and 13,300 cal. year BP and a significant dry phase between similar to 15,000 and 14,500 cal. year BP. We evidence a cold event in two phases between similar to 13,300 and 12,200 cal. year BP interrupted by a dry event between similar to 12,800 and 12,600 cal. year BP. The onset of a significant warmer period is observed after similar to 11,500 cal. year BP. Our results provide new evidence of a Younger Dryas cool reversal in southern Chile, i.e., the Huelmo/Mascardi event Hajdas et al. (2003) associated with an abrupt dry pulse at similar to 12,800-12,600 cal. year BP. The high-resolution grey-scale measurements performed on the biogenic varves from Lago Puyehue provide a reliable calibrated chronology of the regional environmental and climate shifts during the last deglaciation. [less ▲]

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See detailAbsence d'hypogonadisme chez un patient masculin avec prolactinome géant : un paradoxe clinique
Tamagno, Gianluca; Daly, Adrian ULg; Deprez, Manuel ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2008), 69(1), 47-52

Background Impotence and decreased libido are the cardinal features of prolactinomas in males. We describe the unusual clinical, pathological and biochemical features in a male patient with a giant ... [more ▼]

Background Impotence and decreased libido are the cardinal features of prolactinomas in males. We describe the unusual clinical, pathological and biochemical features in a male patient with a giant prolactinoma and normal gonadal function. Case Report A 57 year-old man presented with visual symptoms related to a 30 × 25 × 60 mm tumor of the sella and skull base. Biopsy revealed a pituitary adenoma and subsequent hormone profiles demonstrated grossly elevated serum prolactin (131,412 ng/ml), LH at the upper limit of normal and normal testosterone. The patient had no symptoms of decreased libido or impotence related to this giant prolactinoma. Immunohistochemistry revealed a tumor that was positive for prolactin, alpha-subunit and LH. Cabergoline greatly reduced prolactin levels but these remained above normal. LH, testosterone and alpha-subunit levels were decreased in parallel. Loss of libido and impotence became apparent when testosterone fell below normal, a situation that resolved with further cabergoline treatment and prolactin inhibition and testosterone therapy. Conclusions Sexual dysfunction is a hallmark of prolactinomas in males. Tumors that co-secrete prolactin and LH are extremely rare and this is the first such case reported in an adult male. In this case, normal testosterone was maintained by intact LH levels even in the face of the highest prolactin level reported to date. [less ▲]

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See detailPrise en charge d'enfants en malnutirition dans un centre de réhabilitation nutitionnelle à Ouagadougou
Franckh, Marc ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2008)

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See detailTâche de Rappel Indicé à 48 items (RI-48)
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Hugonot-Diener, L.; Barbeau, Emmanuel; Michel, Bernard (Eds.) et al GREMOIRE: Tests et échelles de la maladie d'Alzheimer et des syndromes apparentés (2008)

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