References of "2008"
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See detailImprovement of He ion induced SiGe layer relaxation by a thin Si:C layer
Buca, D.; Trinkaus, H.; Holländer, B. et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailMallarmé. Du sens des formes au sens des formalités
Durand, Pascal ULg

Book published by Seuil (2008)

Mallarmé : son nom n’en finit pas d’irradier la conscience littéraire. Une œuvre à la fois mince et d’une profondeur inquiétante. Des poésies dont la radicalité formelle reste sans égale. Des proses qui ... [more ▼]

Mallarmé : son nom n’en finit pas d’irradier la conscience littéraire. Une œuvre à la fois mince et d’une profondeur inquiétante. Des poésies dont la radicalité formelle reste sans égale. Des proses qui fascinent autant qu’elles déroutent. Un chef-d’œuvre, le Coup de dés, dans lequel mots et espacements s’ordonnent aux grands rythmes cosmiques. Et pourtant cet adepte déclaré de l’action restreinte fut aussi poète de circonstance, journaliste de mode, chroniqueur culturel, critique d’art engagé dans la cause de l’impressionnisme. D’un côté, un poète métaphysicien. De l’autre, un observateur des rituels de la vie culturelle et sociale. Ces deux Mallarmé n’en font qu’un et le pari est ici de montrer que le sens des formes s’est doublé, chez lui, d’un sens des formalités, c’est-à-dire d’une conscience aiguë des ressorts sociaux qui régissent la littérature. L’œuvre se voit ainsi placée sous le signe d’une étonnante réflexivité critique, en ce qu’elle porte à son comble la logique d’autonomisation du champ littéraire moderne tout en problématisant le principe de fiction dont dépend l’enchantement esthétique. Au miroir du texte mallarméen, c’est tout l’univers symbolique l’ayant rendu possible qui se donne à voir, dans un rapport fait de distance et de participation aux cérémonies de la littérature. Retracer la genèse de l’esthétique mallarméenne, lire de très près les textes dans lesquels celle-ci s’est accomplie, faire valoir à la lumière d’une expérience exemplaire que dans la forme la plus fermée au social c’est encore un principe social de fermeture qui se manifeste, tels sont les enjeux du présent ouvrage, ouvrant aussi la voie d’une sociologie de la littérature avec les écrivains. [less ▲]

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See detailLes mécanismes de blanchiment
Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Dantinne, Michaël (Ed.) Blanchiment de capitaux et notariat (2008)

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See detailDe koe? Zolang die maar melk geeft!
De Vos, Lien ULg; De Vogelaer, Gunther

in Over Taal (2008), 47(2), 45-47

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See detailOccupational stress, work-home interference and burnout among Belgian veterinary practitioners.
Hansez, Isabelle ULg; Schins, F.; Rollin, Frédéric ULg

in Irish Veterinary Journal (2008), 61(4), 233-241

There have been few formal studies on stress in veterinary surgeons and, in the rare studies available, stress is not examined jointly through the levels of job strain and job engagement, the sources of ... [more ▼]

There have been few formal studies on stress in veterinary surgeons and, in the rare studies available, stress is not examined jointly through the levels of job strain and job engagement, the sources of stress in the issue of work environment and the work-home interference. The authors’ goal in this study was to analyse job engagement, job strain, burnout, work-home interference and job stress factors among 216 Belgian veterinary surgeons. Rural practice was compared to small animal and mixed activity. The mean job strain and job engagement level in veterinary surgeons was not higher than what we found in other working populations. However, 15.6 % of the group were found to be suffering from high burnout. Rural practitioners had a lower level of job engagement than small animal veterinary surgeons. These small animal practitioners had a lower level of job strain than the mixed practitioners. The level of burnout did not differ significantly across the three types of activity. In comparison to other Belgian and Dutch workers, veterinary surgeons perceived more negative workhome interference. Bovine and mixed practitioners were the most concerned with this problem. The two most important sources of stress reported by bovine practitioners were relations to farmers and working time management (including emergencies and availability). [less ▲]

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See detailNouveaux marqueurs de pH utilisables en RMN du 31P : étude de la relaxation longitudinale en fonction de la structure chimique, de la température, du pH et du milieu biologique
Gosset, Gaëlle; Martel, Sophie; Clement, Jean-Louis et al

in Comptes Rendus Chimie (2008), 11(4-5), 541-552

New uncharged a-aminophosphonates derived from diethyl(2-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl) phosphonate were synthesized by nucleophilic addition of dialkylphosphites on 2-methyl-1-pyrroline. These compounds were ... [more ▼]

New uncharged a-aminophosphonates derived from diethyl(2-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl) phosphonate were synthesized by nucleophilic addition of dialkylphosphites on 2-methyl-1-pyrroline. These compounds were intended as enhanced 31P-NMR pH probes in biological systems. Compared to standard pH markers such as inorganic phosphate or methylphosphonate, they demonstrated in vitro low acidic pKa values (6.6 < pKa < 7.0), resonance peaks ranging from 21 to 35 ppm, distinct from those of phosphorylated metabolites, and 3e4 times as sensitive (9.2 < Ddab < 9.9 ppm) as usual markers, such as inorganic phosphate or methylphosphonate. The detailed synthetic procedures for three representative new pH probes, which were non-toxic (in the mM range) in rat isolated heart preparations, was reported. In a larger series of 27 structurally related a-aminophosphonates, 1/T1 (31P) values were given in different conditions of milieu, temperature and pH. The data support unique features for these compounds to reveal acidic cellular compartments. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the design of ferritic stainless steel lipped channel
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Degée, Hervé ULg

in International Conference on Coupled instabilities in metal structures: CIMS2008, Sydney 23-25 June 2008 (2008)

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See detailLe melanome cutane: innovations conceptuelles et therapeutiques, fruit de la recherche translationnelle.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Rorive, Andrée ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(10), 579-84

The scientific information about melanoma is on the rise. It has a direct impact on the diagnostic acuteness and on the therapeutic management. The most recent aspects of the utmost importance are ... [more ▼]

The scientific information about melanoma is on the rise. It has a direct impact on the diagnostic acuteness and on the therapeutic management. The most recent aspects of the utmost importance are presented. The concept of the duality between fast-growing (high malignancy) and slow-growing (reduced malignancy) melanoma is stressed. A new international multicentric approach using adjuvant therapy for stage III melanomas involves the clinical oncology department of the CHU of Liege. It concerns a targeted immunotherapy directed to the Mage A3 protein. [less ▲]

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See detailImplémentation d’une prise en charge cognitivo-comportementale auprès d’adolescents délinquants dans une unité d’accueil court
Mathys, Cécile ULg; Born, Michel ULg; Hélin, Dominique

in Baileau, Francis; Baileau, Francis (Eds.) Evolution ou rupture ? La justice des mineurs en question (2008)

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See detailLa sociologie à l'épreuve de l'art. Un entretien de Nathalie Heinich avec Julien Ténédos.
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Liens-socio, le portail francophone des sciences sociales (2008)

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See detailLes fondamentaux du blanchiment de capitaux
Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Dantinne, Michaël (Ed.) Blanchiment de capitaux et notariat (2008)

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See detailFrom Mixed Angles to Infinitesimals
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in College Mathematics Journal (2008), 39(3), 230-233

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See detailh- and b-conform finite element perturbation techniques for nondestructive eddy current testing
V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg

in COMPEL (2008), 27(1), 319-327

Purpose - The aim of the present paper is to compare the performances of a finite-element perturbation technique applied either to the h- conform magnetodynamic formulation or to its b-conform counterpart ... [more ▼]

Purpose - The aim of the present paper is to compare the performances of a finite-element perturbation technique applied either to the h- conform magnetodynamic formulation or to its b-conform counterpart in the frame of nondestructive eddy-current testing problems. Design/methodology/approach - In both complementary perturbation techniques, the computation is split into a computation without defect (unperturbed problem) and a computation of the field distorsion due to its presence (perturbation problem). The unperturbed problem is conventionally solved in the complete domain. The source of the perturbation problem is then determined by the projection of the unperturbed solution in a relatively small region surrounding the defect. The discretisation of this reduced domain is chosen independently of the dimensions of the excitation probe and the specimen under study and is thus well adapted to the size of the defect. Findings - The accuracy of the perturbation model is evidenced by comparing the results of the two counterpart formulations to those achieved in the conventional way for different dimensions of the reduced domain. The size of the reduced domain increases with the size of the defect at hand. This proposed sub-domain approach eases considerably the meshing process and speeds-up the computation for different probe positions. Originality/value - At a discrete level, the impedance change due to the defect is efficiently and accurately computed by integrating only over the defect itself and a layer of elements in the reduced domain that touches its boundary. Therefore, no integration of any flux variation in the coils is required. [less ▲]

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See detailIsotope Analysis Reveals Foraging Area Dichotomy for Atlantic Leatherback Turtles
Caut, Stéphane ULg; Guirlet, Elodie ULg; Angulo, Elena et al

in PLoS ONE (2008), 3(3), 1845

Background: The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) has undergone a dramatic decline over the last 25 years, and this is believed to be primarily the result of mortality associated with fisheries ... [more ▼]

Background: The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) has undergone a dramatic decline over the last 25 years, and this is believed to be primarily the result of mortality associated with fisheries bycatch followed by egg and nesting female harvest. Atlantic leatherback turtles undertake long migrations across ocean basins from subtropical and tropical nesting beaches to productive frontal areas. Migration between two nesting seasons can last 2 or 3 years, a time period termed the remigration interval (RI). Recent satellite transmitter data revealed that Atlantic leatherbacks follow two major dispersion patterns after nesting season, through the North Gulf Stream area or more eastward across the North Equatorial Current. However, information on the whole RI is lacking, precluding the accurate identification of feeding areas where conservation measures may need to be applied. Methodology/Principal Findings: Using stable isotopes as dietary tracers we determined the characteristics of feeding grounds of leatherback females nesting in French Guiana. During migration, 3-year RI females differed from 2-year RI females in their isotope values, implying differences in their choice of feeding habitats (offshore vs. more coastal) and foraging latitude (North Atlantic vs. West African coasts, respectively). Egg-yolk and blood isotope values are correlated in nesting females, indicating that egg analysis is a useful tool for assessing isotope values in these turtles, including adults when not available. Conclusions/Significance: Our results complement previous data on turtle movements during the first year following the nesting season, integrating the diet consumed during the year before nesting. We suggest that the French Guiana leatherback population segregates into two distinct isotopic groupings, and highlight the urgent need to determine the feeding habitats of the turtle in the Atlantic in order to protect this species from incidental take by commercial fisheries. Our results also emphasize the use of eggs, a less-invasive sampling material than blood, to assess isotopic data and feeding habits for adult female leatherbacks. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la distribution spatiale de deux espèces dominantes dans la forêt périodiquement inondée de l’île Mbiye à Kisangani (R.D. Congo).
Nshimba, S M; Mbuyi, L; Lejoly, J et al

in Annales de la Faculté des Sciences, Université de Kisangani (2008), 13

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See detailEvolution d'une prairie de fauche sub-montagnarde soumise à un fauchage très tardif et à des essais de fertilisation
Luxen, Pierre; Philippe, Anne; Rouxhet, Serge ULg et al

in Fourrages (2008), 195

Dans le cadre des mesures agri-environnementales (ancienne législation), un essai fauche très tardive a été mis en place durant huit années à Elsenborn (Ardenne belge, 620 m d'altitude), de 1997 à 2004 ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre des mesures agri-environnementales (ancienne législation), un essai fauche très tardive a été mis en place durant huit années à Elsenborn (Ardenne belge, 620 m d'altitude), de 1997 à 2004. L’objectif de cet essai est de quantifier les changements de végétation suite à l’apport d’engrais de ferme, tout en tenant compte des rendements et de la valeur alimentaire du foin récolté tardivement. [less ▲]

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See detailA One Phase Thermomechanical Model for Semi-Solid Thixoforming
Koeune, Roxane ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in S2P, the 10th International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites (2008)

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See detailThe impact of lateral carbon fluxes on the European carbon balance
Ciais, P.; Borges, Alberto ULg; Abril, Gwenaël et al

in Biogeosciences (2008), 5

To date, little is known about the impact of processes which cause lateral carbon fluxes over continents, and from continents to oceans on the CO2 – and carbon budgets at local, regional and continental ... [more ▼]

To date, little is known about the impact of processes which cause lateral carbon fluxes over continents, and from continents to oceans on the CO2 – and carbon budgets at local, regional and continental scales. Lateral carbon fluxes contribute to regional carbon budgets as follows: Ecosystem CO2 sink=Ecosystem carbon accumulation+Lateral carbon fluxes. We estimated the contribution of wood and food product trade, of emission and oxidation of reduced carbon species, and of river erosion and transport as lateral carbon fluxes to the carbon balance of Europe (EU-25). The analysis is completed by new estimates of the carbon fluxes of coastal seas. We estimated that lateral transport (all processes combined) is a flux of 165 Tg C yr−1 at the scale of EU-25. The magnitude of lateral transport is thus comparable to current estimates of carbon accumulation in European forests. The main process contributing to the total lateral flux out of Europe is the flux of reduced carbon compounds, corresponding to the sum of non-CO2 gaseous species (CH4, CO, hydrocarbons, . . . ) emitted by ecosystems and exported out of the European boundary layer by the large scale atmospheric circulation. [less ▲]

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