References of "2008"
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See detailSuperficie et emphytéose. Chronique de jurisprudence 2001-2008
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale (Ed.) Chronique de jurisprudence en droit des biens (2008)

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See detailAlternative photosynthetic electron flow to oxygen in marine Synechococcus.
Bailey, Shaun; Melis, Anastasios; Mackey, Katherine R M et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (2008), 1777(3), 269-76

Cyanobacteria dominate the world's oceans where iron is often barely detectable. One manifestation of low iron adaptation in the oligotrophic marine environment is a decrease in levels of iron-rich ... [more ▼]

Cyanobacteria dominate the world's oceans where iron is often barely detectable. One manifestation of low iron adaptation in the oligotrophic marine environment is a decrease in levels of iron-rich photosynthetic components, including the reaction center of photosystem I and the cytochrome b6f complex [R.F. Strzepek and P.J. Harrison, Photosynthetic architecture differs in coastal and oceanic diatoms, Nature 431 (2004) 689-692.]. These thylakoid membrane components have well characterised roles in linear and cyclic photosynthetic electron transport and their low abundance creates potential impediments to photosynthetic function. Here we show that the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus WH8102 exhibits significant alternative electron flow to O2, a potential adaptation to the low iron environment in oligotrophic oceans. This alternative electron flow appears to extract electrons from the intersystem electron transport chain, prior to photosystem I. Inhibitor studies demonstrate that a propyl gallate-sensitive oxidase mediates this flow of electrons to oxygen, which in turn alleviates excessive photosystem II excitation pressure that can often occur even at relatively low irradiance. These findings are also discussed in the context of satisfying the energetic requirements of the cell when photosystem I abundance is low. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociations Between Dimensions of Alexithymia and Psychometric Schizotypy in Nonclinical Participants
Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Aleman, A.

in Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease (2008), 196(12), 927-930

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See detailLes messicoles, fleurs des moissons
Legast, Marie ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg

Book published by Claude Delbeuck/Direction générale de l'Agriculture (2008)

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See detailNumerical Modelling of Coupled Mechanics and Gas Transfer around Radioactive Waste in Long-Term Storage
Gerard, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Barnichon, Jean-Dominique et al

in Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (2008), 38(1-2), 25-44

During long-term storage of radioactive waste, steel containers will be corroded. This process leads to hydrogen production. A boundary value problem has been proposed to study the numerical modelling of ... [more ▼]

During long-term storage of radioactive waste, steel containers will be corroded. This process leads to hydrogen production. A boundary value problem has been proposed to study the numerical modelling of the gas migration and its coupling with the mechanical strains and stresses, under isothermal conditions. Biphasic fluid transfer model (considering water, vapour, gaseous hydrogen and dissolved hydrogen) is defined. A 2D axisymmetric case with simplified geometry close to waste disposal in clay is modelled. Fluid transport problem is first resolved. Then, coupled mechanics and fluid transfers are modelled to determine the coupling effects. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficiency or inhibition of oxygen sensor Phd1 induces hypoxia tolerance by reprogramming basal metabolism.
Aragones, Julian; Schneider, Martin; Van Geyte, Katie et al

in Nature Genetics (2008), 40

HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1-3) are oxygen sensors that regulate the stability of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in an oxygen-dependent manner. Here, we show that loss of Phd1 lowers oxygen ... [more ▼]

HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1-3) are oxygen sensors that regulate the stability of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in an oxygen-dependent manner. Here, we show that loss of Phd1 lowers oxygen consumption in skeletal muscle by reprogramming glucose metabolism from oxidative to more anaerobic ATP production through activation of a Pparalpha pathway. This metabolic adaptation to oxygen conservation impairs oxidative muscle performance in healthy conditions, but it provides acute protection of myofibers against lethal ischemia. Hypoxia tolerance is not due to HIF-dependent angiogenesis, erythropoiesis or vasodilation, but rather to reduced generation of oxidative stress, which allows Phd1-deficient myofibers to preserve mitochondrial respiration. Hypoxia tolerance relies primarily on Hif-2alpha and was not observed in heterozygous Phd2-deficient or homozygous Phd3-deficient mice. Of medical importance, conditional knockdown of Phd1 also rapidly induces hypoxia tolerance. These findings delineate a new role of Phd1 in hypoxia tolerance and offer new treatment perspectives for disorders characterized by oxidative stress. [less ▲]

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See detailPeptidoglycan Glycosyltransferase Inhibition: New Perspectives for An Old Target.
Terrak, Mohammed ULg

in Anti-Infective Agents in Medicinal Chemistry (2008)

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See detailL’avenir du Jardin Botanique National.
Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2008)

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See detailEtalement urbain et services collectifs : les surcoûts d’infrastructures liés à l’eau
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Lambotte, Jean-Marc ULg; Bruck, L.

in Revue d'Economie Régionale et Urbaine (2008), (1), 21-42

L’article porte sur les relations entre les formes urbaines et la productivité des services collectifs. Il s’appuie sur la distinction entre les trois types de fourniture technique des infrastructures ... [more ▼]

L’article porte sur les relations entre les formes urbaines et la productivité des services collectifs. Il s’appuie sur la distinction entre les trois types de fourniture technique des infrastructures, des superstructures et des dessertes par agent spécialisé. Les recherches développées pour le contexte wallon sur ce thème confirment la littérature quant à l’importance des surcoûts de l’étalement pour les services dont le fonctionnement est assuré par des infrastructures (notamment pour les domaines de la distribution de l’eau alimentaire et de l’assainissement). Il ressort également de l’analyse que ces surcoûts sont massivement collectivisés, via une taxation ou via une facturation qui ne considèrent nullement l’influence des modes de peuplement sur les besoins en investissements. [less ▲]

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See detailNitrogen leaching forecasting: modelling and measurements
Sohier, Catherine ULg; Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Dautrebande, Sylvia et al

in Bruthans, Jiri; Kovar, Karel; Hrkal, Zbynek (Eds.) International Interdisciplinary Conference on Predictions for Hydrology, Ecology and water Resources Management Using Data And Models To Benefit Society (2008)

European nitrate directive (CEE/91/676) imposes wide monitoring of Nitrogen in farmlands. The Walloon Region (South of Belgium – 750 000 ha of arable land) develops an original combination of methods to ... [more ▼]

European nitrate directive (CEE/91/676) imposes wide monitoring of Nitrogen in farmlands. The Walloon Region (South of Belgium – 750 000 ha of arable land) develops an original combination of methods to reach European objectives in this topic. On the one hand, water and nitrogen flows and balances are modelled, on the other hand, an Agricultural Surface Survey is put into practice to monitor nitrate nitrogen in the soil at the beginning of the leaching period. The Agricultural Surface Survey is constituted by a 30 reference farms network within more than 200 plots are monitored each in order to fix annual standards for nitrate profiles. Each year, about 1% of the Walloon farms are assessed about their good nitrogen management. Thanks to the existence of a useful database of nitrate profiles measured through six years in the whole Walloon Region, validation of the simulations in the vadose zone can be realised. The comparison of the measured data and the simulation shows a good accuracy of the EPICgrid model. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la valeur des vivants. La réparation du dommage corporel, une mise à distance philosophique
Bolmain, Thomas ULg

in Peeters, W. (Ed.) Le tableau indicatif révisé/De indicatieve tabel herzien (2008)

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See detailA regional travel model for predicting the number of visitors in forests: application to the Walloon region
Colson, Vincent ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg

in Raschi, A.; Trampetti, S. (Eds.) Management for protection and sustainable development (2008)

The Walloon forests are visited by local people and tourists but the importance of forest recreation is very different from one part of the Region to another. As it was particularly difficult to obtain ... [more ▼]

The Walloon forests are visited by local people and tourists but the importance of forest recreation is very different from one part of the Region to another. As it was particularly difficult to obtain quantified information by counting, a model has been built by GIS and taking results from different surveys (telephone survey and face-to-face interviews) into account. This model makes the distinction between local visitors and one-day tourists coming from the neighbouring regions (in a buffer zone of 50 km). A decay curve based on travel time is used for predicting the number of visits throughout all Walloon forests from each departure point. An attraction function is added to the model to attribute each visit to a woodland and different scenarios have been tested to obtain a distribution of people by regions of provenance as similar as the results of surveys. At a regional level, this model is a good alternative to counting and gives a good overview of the forests for which recreation activities are more relevant and have to be taken into account in forest management plans. [less ▲]

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See detailFragmentation of forest landscapes in Central Africa: causes, consequences and management.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Bamba, I; Koffi, K J et al

in Lafortezza, R; Chen, J; Sanesi, G (Eds.) et al Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes (2008)

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See detailVerb-late word order in Old Swedish subordinate clauses : Loan, Ausbau phenomenon, or both?
Zeevaert, Ludger ULg; Höder, Steffen

in Siemund, Peter; Kintana, Noemi (Eds.) Contact languages and language contact (2008)

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See detailThe development of subordinate clauses in Old Swedish - an example of contact-induced language change?
Zeevaert, Ludger ULg

in Zanchi, Anna (Ed.) Skáldamjöðurinn. Selected proceedings of the UCL graduate symposia in Old Norse literature and philology, 2005-2006 (2008)

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