References of "2008"
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See detailVerb-late word order in Old Swedish subordinate clauses : Loan, Ausbau phenomenon, or both?
Zeevaert, Ludger ULg; Höder, Steffen

in Siemund, Peter; Kintana, Noemi (Eds.) Contact languages and language contact (2008)

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See detailEnvironmental factors and puberty timing : expert panel research needs
Buck Louis, Germaine; Gray, L. Earl; Marcus, Michele et al

in Pediatrics (2008), 121(Suppl3), 192-207

Serono Symposia International convened an expert panel to review the impact of environmental influences on the regulation of pubertal onset and progression while identifying critical data gaps and future ... [more ▼]

Serono Symposia International convened an expert panel to review the impact of environmental influences on the regulation of pubertal onset and progression while identifying critical data gaps and future research priorities. An expert panel reviewed the literature on endocrine-disrupting chemicals, body size, and puberty. The panel concluded that available experimental animal and human data support a possible role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and body size in relation to alterations in pubertal onset and progression in boys and girls. Critical data gaps prioritized for future research initiatives include (1) etiologic research that focus on environmentally relevant levels of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and body size in relation to normal puberty as well as its variants, (2) exposure assessment of relevant endocrine-disrupting chemicals during critical windows of human development, and (3) basic research to identify the primary signal(s) for the onset of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-dependent/central puberty and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-independent/peripheral puberty. Prospective studies of couples who are planning pregnancies or pregnant women are needed to capture the continuum of exposures at critical windows while assessing a spectrum of pubertal markers as outcomes. Coupled with comparative species studies, such research may provide insight regarding the causal ordering of events that underlie pubertal onset and progression and their role in the pathway of adult-onset disease. [less ▲]

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See detailThe development of subordinate clauses in Old Swedish - an example of contact-induced language change?
Zeevaert, Ludger ULg

in Zanchi, Anna (Ed.) Skáldamjöðurinn. Selected proceedings of the UCL graduate symposia in Old Norse literature and philology, 2005-2006 (2008)

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See detailReliures monastiques de la Vallée de la Meuse. L'activité des Croisiers de Huy et de Liège à la fin du Moyen Âge
Opsomer, Carmélia ULg

in Lanoë, Guy; Grand, Geneviève (Eds.) La reliure médiévale. Pour une description normalisée : actes du colloque international (Paris, 22-24 mai 2003) (2008)

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See detailDe l'école au marché du travail : l'égalité des chances en question
Dupriez, Vincent; Orianne, Jean-François ULg; Verhoeven, Marie

Book published by Peter Lang (2008)

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See detailA parametric study on the emissions from an HCCI alternative combustion engine resulting from the auto-ignition of primary reference fuels
Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Cavadias, Simeon; Amouroux, Jacques

in Applied Energy (2008), 85(8), 755-764

The homogeneous charge compression ignition is an alternative combustion technology that can reduce automobile pollution, provided that the exhaust emission can be controlled. A parametric study can be ... [more ▼]

The homogeneous charge compression ignition is an alternative combustion technology that can reduce automobile pollution, provided that the exhaust emission can be controlled. A parametric study can be useful in order to gain more understanding in the emission reduction possibilities via this new combustion technology. For this purpose, the inlet temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio are changed, respectively, from 30 to 70 degrees C, 0.28 to 0.41 and 6 to 14. Also the diluting, thermal and chemical effects of exhaust gas recirculation were studied. The emission of CO, CO2, O-2 and hydrocarbons has been measured using primary reference fuels. It appears that an increase in the inlet temperature, the EGR temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio results into a decrease of the emissions of CO and the hydrocarbons of up to 75%. The emission of CO2 increased, however, by 50%. The chemical parameters showed more complicated effects, resulting into a decrease or increase of the emissions, depending on whether the overall reactivity increased or not. If the reactivity increased, generally, the emissions of CO and hydrocarbons increased, while that of CO2 increased. The increase of CO2 emissions could be compensated by altering the compression ratio and the EGR parameters, making it possible to control the emission of the HCCI engine. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of aphid salivary proteins: a proteomic investigation of Myzus persicae.
Harmel, Nicolas ULg; Letocart, E.; Cherqui, A. et al

in Insect Molecular Biology (2008), 17(2), 165-74

The role of insect saliva in the first contact between an insect and a plant is crucial during feeding. Some elicitors, particularly in insect regurgitants, have been identified as inducing plant defence ... [more ▼]

The role of insect saliva in the first contact between an insect and a plant is crucial during feeding. Some elicitors, particularly in insect regurgitants, have been identified as inducing plant defence reactions. Here, we focused on the salivary proteome of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. Proteins were either directly in-solution digested or were separated by 2D SDS-PAGE before trypsin digestion. Resulting peptides were then identified by mass spectrometry coupled with database investigations. A homemade database was constituted of expressed sequence tags from the pea aphid Acyrtosiphon pisum and M. persicae. The databases were used to identify proteins related to M. persicae with a nonsequenced genome. This procedure enabled us to discover glucose oxidase, glucose dehydrogenase, NADH dehydrogenase, alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amylase in M. persicae saliva. The presence of these enzymes is discussed in terms of plant-aphid interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe nucleolus in reptiles: Ultrastructural studies
Lamaye, F; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailDiscrimination of parasitized aphids by a hoverfly predator: effects on larval performance, foraging, and oviposition behavior
Almohamad, Raki; Verheggen, François ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

in Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2008), 128(1), 73-80

The choice of oviposition site by female aphidophagous predators is crucial for offspring performance, especially in hoverflies whose newly hatched larvae are unable to move over large distance. Predator ... [more ▼]

The choice of oviposition site by female aphidophagous predators is crucial for offspring performance, especially in hoverflies whose newly hatched larvae are unable to move over large distance. Predator and parasitoid interactions within the aphidophagous guild are likely to be very important in influencing the choices made by predatory hoverfly females. In the present study, the foraging and oviposition behavior of the aphidophagous hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae) was investigated with respect to the parasitized state of its aphid prey, Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris (Homoptera: Aphididae), that were parasitized by Aphidius ervi Haliday (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae). We also recorded the number of eggs laid by hoverfly females when subjected to parasitized aphids. Furthermore, we studied the influence of being fed with parasitized aphids on hoverfly larval performance. Hoverfly females did not exhibit any preference for plants infested with unparasitized or aphids parasitized for 7 days. On the other hand, plants infested with mummies or exuvia were less attractive for E. balteatus. These results were correlated with (i) the number of eggs laid by E. balteatus females and (ii) larval performance. Thus, our results demonstrate that E. balteatus behavior is affected by parasitoid presence through their exploitation of aphid colonies. Indeed, hoverfly predators select their prey according to the developmental state of the parasitoid larvae. [less ▲]

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See detailHealthy and safe food for everybody
Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailThe spin-flip amplitude in the impact-parameter representation
Selyugin, O. V.; Cudell, Jean-René ULg

in European Physical Journal. Special Topics (2008)

The impact-parameter representation of the spin-flip amplitude of hadron elastic scattering is examined in different unitarisation schemes, taking the Born term of the spin-flip amplitude from the Dubna ... [more ▼]

The impact-parameter representation of the spin-flip amplitude of hadron elastic scattering is examined in different unitarisation schemes, taking the Born term of the spin-flip amplitude from the Dubna Dynamical Model (DDM). It is shown that the basic properties of the unitarisation schemes are independent of the functional form used for unitarisation but heavily depend on the asymptotic value of the unitarised amplitude. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat makes Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) oviposit on aphid infested tomato plants?
Verheggen, François ULg; Capella, Quentin ULg; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2008), 73(3), 371-81

Under attack by insect pests, many plant species change their volatile chemical emissions to attract natural enemies. Most of the tomato (Lycopersicon sp., Solanaceae) varieties are subjected to ... [more ▼]

Under attack by insect pests, many plant species change their volatile chemical emissions to attract natural enemies. Most of the tomato (Lycopersicon sp., Solanaceae) varieties are subjected to infestation by molluscs and insects, including the generalist aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer (Homoptera, Aphididae). Episyrphus balteatus De Geer (Diptera: Syrphidae) is a generalist aphid predator that was here observed to lay eggs on M. persicae infested tomato but not on non-infested plants. In order to identify the volatile chemicals that guide the foraging and oviposition behaviour of E. balteatus, we collected and identified volatiles released in the headspace of both aphid infested and uninfested tomato plants by SPME-GC-MS. The identified chemicals were subsequently tested by electroantennography (EAG) on E. balteatus. Monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes were identified, the main volatile chemicals being beta-phellandrene, 2-carene, alpha-phellandrene, 3-carene and o-pinene. Electrical depolarizations were observed for each tested monoterpene, with optimal responses ranging from -0.2 to -0.8 mV. Episyrphus balteatus antennae showed dose-response relationships towards all the active chemicals. (E)-beta-farnesene, the main component of the aphid alarm pheromone, was the only active sesquiterpene, and is presumed to act as an oviposition stimulus for E. balteotus. [less ▲]

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See detailPolitiques publiques et autocontrainte
Orianne, Jean-François ULg; Draelants, Hugues; Donnay, Jean-Yves

in Dupriez, Vincent; Orianne, Jean-François; Verhoeven, Marie (Eds.) De l’école au marché du travail : l’égalité des chances en question (2008)

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See detailA decision problem for ultimately periodic sets in non-standard numeration systems
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Actes des Journées Montoises d'Informatique Théorique (2008)

Consider a non-standard numeration system like the one built over the Fibonacci sequence where nonnegative integers are represented by words over {0, 1} without two consecutive 1. Given a set X of ... [more ▼]

Consider a non-standard numeration system like the one built over the Fibonacci sequence where nonnegative integers are represented by words over {0, 1} without two consecutive 1. Given a set X of integers such that the language of their greedy representations in this system is accepted by a finite automaton, we consider the problem of deciding whether or not X is a finite union of arithmetic progressions. We obtain a decision procedure under some hypothesis about the considered numeration system. In a second part, we obtain an analogous decision result for a particular class of abstract numeration systems built on an infinite regular language. [less ▲]

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