References of "2008"
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See detailLes mécanismes de blanchiment
Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Dantinne, Michaël (Ed.) Blanchiment de capitaux et notariat (2008)

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See detailA Critical Study of Primate Reintroduction Projects in the Mesoamerican Region.
Martin, Sarah ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Libois, Roland ULg

Poster (2008)

Very little is known about primate reintroduction projects in Mesoamerica. The aim of this study was to focus on existing projects concerning primate re-introductions, conservation-introduction ... [more ▼]

Very little is known about primate reintroduction projects in Mesoamerica. The aim of this study was to focus on existing projects concerning primate re-introductions, conservation-introduction, translocation, as well as on reinforcement-supplementation of parallel initiatives. In order to create a database, a survey was sent to a panel of scientists in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and we visited five projects in Costa Rica from March to August 2006. A total of 19 projects were found: Costa Rica hosted the higher number (7) while Salvador and Nicaragua did not host any. Fourteen out of those 19 projects concerned confiscated animals. Six of the 7 Costa Rican projects used confiscated primates; the other ones came from wild populations or were born in captivity. Alouatta palliata and Ateles geoffroyi are the most common species subject to reintroduction effort in the Mesoamerican region. A wide range of factors seem to influence reintroduction success such as: the project’s budget, the release site, the mode of transportation, the caging setting, the support from local communities, the presence of environmental education programs, but also the age of primates, etc. Each project seems to work as a completely separated entity, with its own definition of reintroduction success and its own policy. There’s no communication between the projects, no matter if they are based in the same country or work on the same species. A reintroduction guideline for this region should be established as well as a regional network coordinating the information. [less ▲]

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See detailLa biographie dans l’étude des groupes littéraires. Les conduites de vie zutique et surréaliste.
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg; Vrydaghs, David ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2008), 3

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See detailACMEG-TS: A constitutive model for unsaturated soils under non-isothermal conditions.
François, Bertrand ULg; Laloui, Lyesse

in International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics (2008), 32

This paper introduces an unconventional constitutive model for soils, which deals with a unified thermomechanical modelling for unsaturated soils. The relevant temperature and suction effects are studied ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces an unconventional constitutive model for soils, which deals with a unified thermomechanical modelling for unsaturated soils. The relevant temperature and suction effects are studied in light of elasto-plasticity. A generalized effective stress framework is adopted, which includes a number of intrinsic thermo-hydro-mechanical connections, to represent the stress state in the soil. Two coupled constitutive aspects are used to fully describe the non-isothermal behaviour. The mechanical constitutive part is built on the concepts of bounding surface theory and multi-mechanism plasticity, whereas water retention characteristics are described using elasto-plasticity to reproduce the hysteretic response and the effect of temperature and dry density on retention properties. The theoretical formulation is supported by comparisons with experimental results on two compacted clays. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimalisation des techniques prothetiques de rehabilitation orale grace a l'orthodontie: analyse d'un cas clinique.
Lies, Céline ULg; Fernandez, S.; Limme, Michel ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(10), 609-14

This clinical case underlines the importance of a multidisciplinary approach, prosthetic and orthodontic, for the achievement of an oral rehabilitation treatment plan. Preliminary orthodontic treatment ... [more ▼]

This clinical case underlines the importance of a multidisciplinary approach, prosthetic and orthodontic, for the achievement of an oral rehabilitation treatment plan. Preliminary orthodontic treatment has significantly improved, the position of some natural teeth, which can serve or not as a prosthetic abutment. This has produced a direct prosthetic benefit by limiting tissue reduction for preparation and by giving a better biomechanical and functional context to the restoration.Thus, after an orthodontic treatment step, lasting a year and a half, using both removable appliance and fixed appliance, prosthetic rehabilitation was possible. This included a fixed prosthesis and a removable prosthesis that gave a very satisfying an esthetic result and good masticatory function. [less ▲]

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See detailImplémentation d’une prise en charge cognitivo-comportementale auprès d’adolescents délinquants dans une unité d’accueil court
Mathys, Cécile ULg; Born, Michel ULg; Hélin, Dominique

in Baileau, Francis; Baileau, Francis (Eds.) Evolution ou rupture ? La justice des mineurs en question (2008)

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See detailLa sociologie à l'épreuve de l'art. Un entretien de Nathalie Heinich avec Julien Ténédos.
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Liens-socio, le portail francophone des sciences sociales (2008)

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See detailLes tableaux à double entrée dans les écrits scientifiques des jeunes élèves
Giot, Bernadette ULg; Quittre, Valérie ULg

in Cahiers des Sciences de l'Education (Les) (2008), 27-28

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See detailLes fondamentaux du blanchiment de capitaux
Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Dantinne, Michaël (Ed.) Blanchiment de capitaux et notariat (2008)

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See detailComment évaluer une option sur le prix du pétrole ?
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente Sup (2008), 42

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See detailImpacts of alien invasive plants on soil nutrients are correlated with initial site conditions in NW Europe
Dassonville, Nicolas; Vanderhoeven, SONIA ULg; Vanparys, Valerie et al

in Oecologia (2008), 157(1), 131-140

Alien invasive plants are capable of modifying ecosystem function. However, it is difficult to make generalisations because impacts often appear to be species- and site-specific. In this study, we ... [more ▼]

Alien invasive plants are capable of modifying ecosystem function. However, it is difficult to make generalisations because impacts often appear to be species- and site-specific. In this study, we examined the impacts of seven highly invasive plant species in NW Europe (Fallopia japonica, Heracleum mantegazzianum, Impatiens glandulifera, Prunus serotina, Rosa rugosa, Senecio inaequidens, Solidago gigantea) on nutrient pools in the topsoil and the standing biomass. We tested if the impacts follow predictable patterns, across species and sites or, alternatively, if they are entirely idiosyncratic. To that end, we compared invaded and adjacent uninvaded plots in a total of 36 sites with widely divergent soil chemistry and vegetation composition. For all species, invaded plots had increased aboveground biomass and nutrient stocks in standing biomass compared to uninvaded vegetation. This suggests that enhanced nutrient uptake may be a key trait of highly invasive plant species. The magnitude and direction of the impact on topsoil chemical properties were strongly site-specific. A striking finding is that the direction of change in soil properties followed a predictable pattern. Thus, strong positive impacts (higher topsoil nutrient concentrations in invaded plots compared to uninvaded ones) were most often found in sites with initially low nutrient concentrations in the topsoil, while negative impacts were generally found under the opposite conditions. This pattern was significant for potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese and nitrogen. The particular site-specific pattern in the impacts that we observed provides the first evidence that alien invasive species may contribute to a homogenisation of soil conditions in invaded landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailConsistency of Neuropsychiatric Syndromes across Dementias: Results from the European Alzheimer Disease Consortium
Aalten, Pauline; Verhey, Frans R. J.; Boziki, Marina et al

in Dementia & Geriatric Cognitive Disorders (2008), 25(1), 1-8

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the consistency of neuropsychiatric subsyndromes of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory across several clinical and demographic subgroups ( e. g ... [more ▼]

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the consistency of neuropsychiatric subsyndromes of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory across several clinical and demographic subgroups ( e. g. dementia subtypes, dementia severity, medication use, age and gender) in a large sample of outpatients with dementia. Methods: Cross-sectional data of 2,808 patients with dementia from 12 centres from the European Alzheimer's Disease Consortium were collected. Principal component analysis was used for factor analysis. Subanalyses were performed for dementia subtypes, dementia severity, medication use, age and gender. Results: The results showed the relatively consistent presence of the 4 neuropsychiatric subsyndromes `hyperactivity', `psychosis', `affective symptoms' and `apathy' across the subanalyses. The factor structure was not dependent on dementia subtypes, age and gender but was dependent on dementia severity and cholinesterase use. The factors hyperactivity and affective symptoms were present in all subanalyses, but the presence of the factors apathy and psychosis was dependent on use of cholinesterase inhibitors and dementia severity, respectively. Conclusion: The present study provided evidence of the relative consistency of neuropsychiatric subsyndromes across dementia subtypes, age and gender, thereby stressing the importance of thinking about neuropsychiatric subsyndromes instead of separate symptoms. However, the subsyndromes apathy and psychosis were dependent on use of cholinesterase inhibitors and dementia severity. Copyright (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel. [less ▲]

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See detailLe traitement des peaux. Reconstitution des outils et des procédés
Beyries, Sylvie; Rots, Veerle ULg

in Anthropozoologica (2008), 43(1),

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See detailEvolution d'une prairie de fauche sub-montagnarde soumise à un fauchage très tardif et à des essais de fertilisation
Luxen, Pierre; Philippe, Anne; Rouxhet, Serge ULg et al

in Fourrages (2008), 195

Dans le cadre des mesures agri-environnementales (ancienne législation), un essai fauche très tardive a été mis en place durant huit années à Elsenborn (Ardenne belge, 620 m d'altitude), de 1997 à 2004 ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre des mesures agri-environnementales (ancienne législation), un essai fauche très tardive a été mis en place durant huit années à Elsenborn (Ardenne belge, 620 m d'altitude), de 1997 à 2004. L’objectif de cet essai est de quantifier les changements de végétation suite à l’apport d’engrais de ferme, tout en tenant compte des rendements et de la valeur alimentaire du foin récolté tardivement. [less ▲]

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See detailOntogenetic shape changes in Pomacentridae (Teleostei, Perciformes) and their relationships with feeding strategies: a geometric morphometric approach
Frederich, Bruno ULg; Adriaens, Dominique; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (2008), 95

The present study explores the shape changes of cranial structures directly involved in food capturing during growth after reef settlement in two species of Pomacentridae (Dascyllus aruanus and ... [more ▼]

The present study explores the shape changes of cranial structures directly involved in food capturing during growth after reef settlement in two species of Pomacentridae (Dascyllus aruanus and Pomacentrus pavo). Landmark-based geometric morphometrics were used to study allometric patterns and related shape changes in four skeletal units: neurocranium, suspensorium and opercle, mandible and premaxilla. At settlement, the larvae of both species have a relatively similar morphology, especially with respect to the mandible. Their shapes suggest a feeding mode defined as ram/suction-feeding. Ontogenetic shape changes show a shift to a suction feeding mode of prey capture. The main transformations involved are an increase in height of the suspensorium and the opercle, an elevation of the supraoccipital crest, a relative shortening of the mandible, and a lengthening of the ascending process of the premaxilla. Shape changes of the mandible in the two studied species also reflect an increase of biting capacities. The high disparity between adult shape results from differences in the rate and in the length of ontogenetic trajectories, from divergence of the ontogenetic trajectories (neurocranium, mandible, and premaxilla) and parallel shifts of the trajectories in the size-shape space (suspensorium and opercle). In an evolutionary context, allometric heterochronies during ontogeny of different skeletal unit of the head may be considered as a basis for the explanation of the diversity of damselfishes. [less ▲]

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See detailMourir en Pays cathare au XIIIe siècle : Les morts de la croisade albigeoise au regard de l’histoire
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Cazanave, C.; Marchal-Ninosque, Fr (Eds.) Actes du Colloque international « Mourir pour ses idées », Besançon, 7-9 septembre 2006 (2008)

Résumé dans Bulletin bibliographique de la Société Rencesvals, 40, 2008-2009, n° 430.

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See detailMeasuring and Comparing the Equity of Education System Though Indicators
Baye, Ariane ULg; Demeuse, Marc

in Soguel, N.; Jaccard, P. (Eds.) Governance and Performance of Education Systems (2008)

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See detailReconstructed interfollicular feline epidermis as a model for the screening of antifungal drugs against Microsporum canis.
Tabart, Jeremy; Baldo, Aline ULg; Vermout, Sandy et al

in Veterinary Dermatology (2008), 19(3), 130-133

A fully differentiated reconstructed interfollicular feline epidermis (RFE) was recently developed in vitro. It was shown to be relevant for the study of Microsporum canis-epidermal interactions. In this ... [more ▼]

A fully differentiated reconstructed interfollicular feline epidermis (RFE) was recently developed in vitro. It was shown to be relevant for the study of Microsporum canis-epidermal interactions. In this study, RFE was evaluated as a potential model for the in vitro screening of drugs against M. canis. As a preliminary step, the minimum inhibitory concentration of miconazole nitrate against M. canis IHEM 21239 grown on Sabouraud's dextrose agar was determined to be 0.3 microg mL(-1). RFE grown at the air-liquid interface was cultured for 24 h in RFE culture medium, supplemented with either miconazole (range 0.1-1 microg mL(-1)) or its solvent (dimethylsulfoxide). Then, RFE was inoculated in triplicate with 1 x 10(5 )M. canis arthroconidia and incubated for five additional days. To evaluate fungal growth, RFE was processed for routine histopathology, three serial sections being performed across the block at 100 microm intervals. No fungal growth was detected invading or on the surface of infected RFE in the presence of miconazole concentrations equal to or higher than 0.3 microg mL (final concentration in the culture medium). This study demonstrates that RFE is an adequate model for the in vitro screening of drugs against M. canis and potentially against other skin pathogens. [less ▲]

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