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See detailCompression tests and numerical simulations of thin-walled stainless steel columns
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Degée, Hervé ULg

in International Conference on Coupled instabilities in metal structures: CIMS2008, Sydney 23-25 June 2008 (2008)

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See detailOver literaire prijzen
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Freespace Nieuwzuid (2008), 8(32), 101

This issue reflects on the growing importance of literary prizes in literary life, and how this has changed literature in general.

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See detailSpreading segregation of blended fertilizers : influence of particles properties
Miserque, Olivier; Pirard, Eric ULg; Schenkel, Yves et al

in Applied Engineering in Agriculture (2008), 24(2), 137-144

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See detailVibration Mitigation of Nonlinear Vibrating Structures using Nonlinear Energy Sinks
Viguié, Régis ULg; Peeters, Maxime ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg et al

in 26th International Modal Analysis Conference, Orlando, 2008 (2008)

The tuned mass damper (TMD) is a simple and efficient device, but it is only effective when it is precisely tuned to the frequency of a vibration mode. Because nonlinear vibrating structures have resonant ... [more ▼]

The tuned mass damper (TMD) is a simple and efficient device, but it is only effective when it is precisely tuned to the frequency of a vibration mode. Because nonlinear vibrating structures have resonant frequencies that vary with the amount of total energy in the system, the efficiency of a TMD is questionable in this case. In the present study, the performance of an essentially nonlinear attachment, termed a nonlinear energy sink (NES), is assessed. It is shown that, unlike the TMD, an NES has no preferential resonant frequency, which makes it a good candidate for vibration mitigation of nonlinear vibrating structures. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficient targeted energy transfers in coupled nonlinear oscillators through 1:1 transcient resonance captures:
Sapsis, Themistoklis; Quinn, D. Dane; Gendelman, Oleg et al

in Sixth EUROMECH Nonlinear Dynamics Conference, Saint Petersbourg, 2008 (2008)

We study targeted energy transfer (TET) in a two degree-of-freedom damped system caused by 1:1 transient resonance capture (TRC). The system consists of a linear oscillator strongly coupled to an ... [more ▼]

We study targeted energy transfer (TET) in a two degree-of-freedom damped system caused by 1:1 transient resonance capture (TRC). The system consists of a linear oscillator strongly coupled to an essentially nonlinear attachment. First, we study the underlying structure of the Hamiltonian dynamics of the system, and then show that, for sufficiently small values of viscous damping, the nonlinear damped transitions are strongly influenced by the underlying topological structure of periodic and quasiperiodic orbits of the hamiltonian system. Then, a detailed computational study of the different types of nonlinear transitions that occur in the weakly damped system is presented. As a result of these studies, conditions that lead to effective or even optimal TET from the linear system to the nonlinear attachment are determined. Finally, direct analytical treatment of the governing strongly nonlinear damped equations of motion is performed through slow/fast partition of the transient responses, in order to analytically model the dynamics the region of optimal TET, and to determine the characteristic time scales of the dynamics that influence the capacity of the nonlinear attachment to passively absorb and locally dissipate broadband energy from the linear oscillator. [less ▲]

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See detailImposing monotonicity in parametric distance functions
Santin, D.; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Applied Economics (2008)

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See detailCOMPUTATION OF NONLINEAR NORMAL MODES, PART I: NUMERICAL CONTINUATION IN MATLAB
Peeters, Maxime ULg; Viguié, Régis ULg; Serandour, Guillaume et al

in Sixth EUROMECH Nonlinear Dynamics Conference, Saint Petersbourg, 2008 (2008)

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) is discussed in the present paper and its companion, Part II. Because there is virtually no application of the NNMs to large-scale engineering structures ... [more ▼]

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) is discussed in the present paper and its companion, Part II. Because there is virtually no application of the NNMs to large-scale engineering structures, these papers are an attempt to highlight one aspect that might drive their development in the future. Specifically, we support that numerical methods for the continuation of periodic solutions pave the way for an effective and practical computation of NNMs. In this context, we show that the NNM computation is possible with limited implementation effort. The proposed algorithm, implemented in MATLAB, relies on two main techniques, namely a shooting procedure and a method for the continuation of NNM motions. The algorithm is demonstrated using a 2DOF nonlinear system. A comparison with the results given by the AUTO software is achieved in Part II. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed sedimentological study of a non-classical succession for Trois-Fontaines and Terres d'Haurs formations (Lower Givetian, Marenne, Belgium)- Introduction of the Marenne Member
Mabille, Cédric ULg; De Wilde, Clotilde ULg; Hubert, Benoît et al

in Geologica Belgica (2008), 11

This work details for the first time the sedimentology of the Marenne quarry. It exposes a remarkable succession of strata from the Trois-Fontaines Formation and the base of the Terres d’Haurs Formation ... [more ▼]

This work details for the first time the sedimentology of the Marenne quarry. It exposes a remarkable succession of strata from the Trois-Fontaines Formation and the base of the Terres d’Haurs Formation. Two sections (Marenne East and Marenne Centre) are investigated within the quarry. The first one (115 metres) covers both formations and is characterized by a mixed carbonate-siliciclastic succession replacing the classical base of the Trois-Fontaines Formation. We propose here to include these particular facies into a new member of the Trois-Fontaines Formation, the Marenne Member. The second one (48 metres) exposes a reefal lens also attributed to this new Marenne Member. Magnetic susceptibility was used to confirm geometric correlations previously obtained between these two sections. Petrographic study leads to the definition of 14 microfacies which are integrated into three palaeoenvironmental models. The first model (six microfacies) is proposed for the Marenne Member. In this ramp model, terrigenous inputs are particularly important. The mid-ramp is composed of four microfacies more or less influenced by storm events. The inner ramp (limited to the FWWB vicinity) is characterized by the development of the reefal lens and by peloidal microfacies. The upper part of Trois-Fontaines Formation is depicted by a back-reef model (three microfacies) which is mainly dominated by lagoons. However, intermittent agitation and non-restricted settings allow the local development and the reworking of branching organisms. The last model proposed (five microfacies) concerns the Terres d’Haurs Formation and corresponds to a ramp profile with the development of shoals. Those shoals locally protect semi-restricted lagoons. Algal mats are also observed. The last part of the work concerns the sedimentary dynamics and proposes sea level variations as the key parameter probably responsible for the succession of these three depositional settings. [less ▲]

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See detailF. Guicciardini, Le lettere, vol. X
Jodogne, Pierre ULg; Moreno, Paola ULg

Book published by Istituto Storico Italiano per l’Età Moderna e Contemporanea (2008)

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See detailComputation of nonlinear normal modes, part II: numerical continuation in Auto
Serandour, Guillaume; Peeters, Maxime ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg et al

in Sixth EUROMECH Nonlinear Dynamics Conference, Saint Petersbourg, 2008 (2008)

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) is discussed in the present paper and its companion, Part I. Because there is virtually no application of the NNMs to large-scale engineering structures, these ... [more ▼]

The concept of nonlinear normal modes (NNMs) is discussed in the present paper and its companion, Part I. Because there is virtually no application of the NNMs to large-scale engineering structures, these papers are an attempt to highlight one aspect that might drive their development in the future. Specifically, we support that numerical methods for the continuation of periodic solutions pave the way for an effective and practical computation of NNMs. In this context, we show that the NNMs computation is possible using an existing continuation software, namely AUTO07. This is demonstrated using a 2DOF nonlinear system. The results are compared with those obtained with the Matlab algorithm described in Part I. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Minimal Fusion Peptide Of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Corresponds To The 11 First Residues Of Gp32
Lorin, A.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Stroobant, V. et al

in Journal of Peptide Science (2008), 14(4), 423-8

We had previously predicted successfully the minimal fusion peptides (FPs) of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) gp41 and the bovine leukemia virus (BLV) gp30 using an original approach based on ... [more ▼]

We had previously predicted successfully the minimal fusion peptides (FPs) of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) gp41 and the bovine leukemia virus (BLV) gp30 using an original approach based on the obliquity/fusogenicity relationship of tilted peptides. In this paper, we have used the same method to predict the shortest FP capable of inducing optimal fusion in vitro of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) mac isolate and of other SIVs and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-2) isolates. In each case, the 11-residue-long peptide was predicted as the minimal FP. For the SIV mac isolate, liposome lipid-mixing and leakage assays confirmed that this peptide is the shortest peptide inducing optimal fusion in vitro, being therefore the minimal FP. These results are another piece of evidence that the tilted properties of FPs are important for the fusion process and that our method can be used to predict the minimal FPs of other viruses. [less ▲]

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See detailIsotopic ratios and elemental contents as indicators of seagrass C processing and sewage influence in a tropical macrotidal ecosystem (Madagascar, Mozambic channel)
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Frederich, Bruno ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg et al

in Scientia Marina (2008), 72(1), 109-117

Isotopic ratios and elemental concentrations of carbon and nitrogen were measured in seven seagrass species colonising different tidal flats near Toliara (SW Madagascar) in order to determine the ... [more ▼]

Isotopic ratios and elemental concentrations of carbon and nitrogen were measured in seven seagrass species colonising different tidal flats near Toliara (SW Madagascar) in order to determine the potential use of these parameters for assessing C processing and sewage use by tropical seagrasses. Nitrogen concentrations measured in upper intertidal seagrasses near Toliara were almost twice those measured on the tidal flat near a healthy mangrove situated 20 km away from Toliara town. At Toliara Beach, δ15N values were correlated with the N concentrations of Halodule sp., one of the dominant species on the tidal flat. This correlation did not exist for Halophila ovalis, the other dominant species. An increase in N concentrations and δ15N values demonstrates the influence of sewage coming directly onto Toliara Beach on the N cycles of intertidal seagrasses. Nevertheless, this influence seems restricted to the upper littoral zone and was not the main cause of seagrass die-off. On the other hand, at the mangrove site, δ15N values were not correlated with the N concentrations of Halodule sp. or Thalassia hemprichii, showing that natural δ15N variability is driven by other factors than the δ15N of N sources. Moreover, inter-individual variability of δ15N values was greater than inter-specific or inter-site variability, making the δ15N difficult to interpret in the context of human-disturbance influence on the N cycle of tropical seagrasses. δ13C values were close to -9‰, indicating the use of HCO 3– as an inorganic carbon source by the seven investigated species. Contrary to our hypothesis, variation between sites and location on the tidal flat was limited, suggesting limited impact on δ13C values of sewage, emersion duration and mechanisms for HCO 3– incorporation. [less ▲]

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See detailGenomic deletions of OFD1 account for 23% of oral-facial-digital type 1 syndrome after negative DNA sequencing.
Thauvin-Robinet, Christel; Franco, Brunella; Saugier-Veber, Pascale et al

in Human Mutation (2008), 30(2), 320-9

Oral-facial-digital type I syndrome (OFDI) is characterised by an X-linked dominant mode of inheritance with lethality in males. Clinical features include facial dysmorphism with oral, dental and distal ... [more ▼]

Oral-facial-digital type I syndrome (OFDI) is characterised by an X-linked dominant mode of inheritance with lethality in males. Clinical features include facial dysmorphism with oral, dental and distal abnormalities, polycystic kidney disease and central nervous system malformations. Considerable allelic heterogeneity has been reported within the OFD1 gene, but DNA bi-directional sequencing of the exons and intron-exon boundaries of the OFD1 gene remains negative in more than 20% of cases. We hypothesized that genomic rearrangements could account for the majority of the remaining undiagnosed cases. Thus, we took advantage of two independent available series of patients with OFDI syndrome and negative DNA bi-directional sequencing of the exons and intron-exon boundaries of the OFD1 gene from two different European labs: 13/36 cases from the French lab; 13/95 from the Italian lab. All patients were screened by a semiquantitative fluorescent multiplex method (QFMPSF) and relative quantification by real-time PCR (qPCR). Six OFD1 genomic deletions (exon 5, exons 1-8, exons 1-14, exons 10-11, exons 13-23 and exon 17) were identified, accounting for 5% of OFDI patients and for 23% of patients with negative mutation screening by DNA sequencing. The association of DNA direct sequencing, QFMPSF and qPCR detects OFD1 alteration in up to 85% of patients with a phenotype suggestive of OFDI syndrome. Given the average percentage of large genomic rearrangements (5%), we suggest that dosage methods should be performed in addition to DNA direct sequencing analysis to exclude the involvement of the OFD1 transcript when there are genetic counselling issues. [less ▲]

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See detailCavernous hemangiosarcoma in a free-living red deer (Cervus elaphus)
Grégoire, Fabien ULg; Mousset, Bénédicte ULg; Hanrez, David ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2008), 162

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See detailVapor phase doping: an atomic layer deposition approach to n-type doping in classical chemical vapor deposition epitaxy
Takeuchi, Shotaro; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Leys, Frederik et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailDetection of glucocorticoid bioactivity in bovine urine samples using a reporter gene assay
Connolly, Lisa; Kai, C.; Van Der Heiden, Edwige ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Euroresidue VI Conference (2008)

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See detailCombining Feed, Food and Non-Food Uses of Lupin for Sustainability
Froidmont, E.; Delcarte, J.; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in III International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Process Management in Sustainable Agriculture (2008)

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