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See detailVapor phase doping with N-type dopant into silicon by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition
Takeuchi, Shotaro; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Leys, Frederik et al

in ECS Transactions (2008), 16

Atomic layer doping of phosphorus (P) and arsenic (As) into Si was performed using the vapor phase doping (VPD) technique. For increasing deposition time and precursor gas flow rate, the P and As doses ... [more ▼]

Atomic layer doping of phosphorus (P) and arsenic (As) into Si was performed using the vapor phase doping (VPD) technique. For increasing deposition time and precursor gas flow rate, the P and As doses tend to saturate at about 0.8 and 1.0 monolayer of Si, respectively. Therefore, these processes are self-limited in both cases. When a Si cap layer is grown on the P-covered Si(001), high P concentration of 3.7 × 1020 cm-3 at the heterointerface in the Si- cap/P/Si-substrate layer stacks is achieved. Due to As desorption and segregation toward the Si surface during the temperature ramp up and during the Si-cap growth, the As concentration at the heterointerface in the Si-cap/As/Si-substrate layer stacks was lower compared to the P case. These results allowed us to evaluate the feasibility of the VPD process to fabricate precisely controlled doping profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailParameterization of a process-based tree growth model : comparison of optimization, MCMC and particle filtering algorithms
Gaucherel, C.; Campillo, F.; Misson, L. et al

in Environmental Modelling & Software (2008), 23(10-11), 1280-1288

Finely tuned process-based tree-growth models are of considerable help in understanding the variations of biomass increments measured in the dendrochronological series. Using site and species parameters ... [more ▼]

Finely tuned process-based tree-growth models are of considerable help in understanding the variations of biomass increments measured in the dendrochronological series. Using site and species parameters, as well as daily climate variables, the MAIDEN model computes the water balance at ecosystem level and the daily increment of carbon storage in the stem through photosynthesis processes to reproduce the structure of the tree-ring series. In this paper, we use three techniques to calibrate this model with Pinus halepensis data sampled in the Mediterranean part of France: a standard optimization (PEST), Monte Carlo Markov Chains (MCMC) and Particle Filtering (PF). Contrary to PEST, which tries to find an optimum fit (giving the lowest error between observations and simulations), the principle of MCMC and PF is to walk, from a priori distributions, in the parameter space according to particular statistical rules to compute each parameter distribution. The PEST and MCMC calibrations of our dendrochronological series lead to rather similar adjustments between simulations and observations. PF and MCMC calibrations give different parameter distributions, showing how complementary are these methods, with a better fit for MCMC. Yet, independent validations over 11 independent meteorological years show a higher efficiency of the recent PF method over the others. [less ▲]

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See detailArchaeometry At The Tomb Of Menna, Theban Necropolis, Egypt: A Multi-Method Analytical Approach
Garcia Moreno, Renata; Mathis, François ULg; Van Elslande, Elsa et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailAssembly and concept of a web-based GIS within the paleolimnological project CONTINENT (Lake Baikal, Russia)
Heim, Birgit; Klump, Jens; Oberhaensli, Hedi et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(4), 567-584

Web-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are excellent tools within interdisciplinary and multi-national geoscience projects to exchange and visualize project data. The web-based GIS presented in ... [more ▼]

Web-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are excellent tools within interdisciplinary and multi-national geoscience projects to exchange and visualize project data. The web-based GIS presented in this paper was designed for the paleolimnological project 'High-resolution CONTINENTal paleoclimate record in Lake Baikal' (CONTINENT) (Lake Baikal, Siberia, Russia) to allow the interactive handling of spatial data. The GIS database combines project data (core positions, sample positions, thematic maps) with auxiliary spatial data sets that were downloaded from freely available data sources on the world wide web. The reliability of the external data was evaluated and suitable new spatial datasets were processed according to the scientific questions of the project. GIS analysis of the data was used to assist studies on sediment provenance in Lake Baikal, or to help answer questions such as whether the visualization of present-day vegetation distribution and pollen distribution supports the conclusions derived from palynological analyses. The refined geodata are returned back to the scientific community by using online data publication portals. Data were made citeable by assigning persistent identifiers (DOI) and were published through the German National Library for Science and Technology (TIB Hannover, Hannover, Germany). [less ▲]

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See detailCyclosporine, a P-glycoprotein modulator, increases [18F]MPPF uptake in rat brain and peripheral tissues: microPET and ex vivo studies.
Lacan, Goran; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Rubins, Daniel J. et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2008), 35(12), 2256-66

PURPOSE: Pretreatment with cyclosporine, a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) modulator increases brain uptake of 4-(2'-methoxyphenyl)-1-[2'-(N-2"-pyridinyl)-p-[(18)F]fluorobenzamido]ethylpiperaz ine ([(18)F]MPPF) for ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: Pretreatment with cyclosporine, a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) modulator increases brain uptake of 4-(2'-methoxyphenyl)-1-[2'-(N-2"-pyridinyl)-p-[(18)F]fluorobenzamido]ethylpiperaz ine ([(18)F]MPPF) for binding to hydroxytryptamine(1A) (5-HT(1A)) receptors. Those increases were quantified in rat brain with in vivo microPET and ex vivo tissue studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Each Sprague-Dawley rat (n = 4) received a baseline [(18)F]MPPF microPET scan followed by second scan 2-3 weeks later that included cyclosporine pretreatment (50 mg/kg, i.p.). Maximum a posteriori reconstructed images and volumetric ROIs were used to generate dynamic radioactivity concentration measurements for hippocampus, striatum, and cerebellum, with simplified reference tissue method (SRTM) analysis. Western blots were used to semiquantify P-gp regional distribution in brain. RESULTS: MicroPET studies showed that hippocampus uptake of [(18)F]MPPF was increased after cyclosporine; ex vivo studies showed similar increases in hippocampus and frontal cortex at 30 min, and for heart and kidney at 2.5 and 5 min, without concomitant increases in [(18)F]MPPF plasma concentration. P-gp content in cerebellum was twofold higher than in hippocampus or frontal cortex. CONCLUSIONS: These studies confirm and extend prior ex vivo results (J. Passchier, et al., Eur J Pharmacol, 2000) that showed [(18)F]MPPF as a substrate for P-gp. Our microPET results showed that P-gp modulation of [(18)F]MPPF binding to 5-HT(1A) receptors can be imaged in rat hippocampus. The heterogeneous brain distribution of P-gp appeared to invalidate the use of cerebellum as a nonspecific reference region for SRTM modeling. Regional quantitation of P-gp may be necessary for accurate PET assessment of 5-HT(1A) receptor density when based on tracer uptake sensitive to P-gp modulation. [less ▲]

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See detailLong term Subjective Evaluation of the Effects of Vocal Therapy on Dysfunctional Dysphonia.
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Faurichon de la Bardonnie, Marie; Verduykt, Ingrid et al

Conference (2008)

The goal of this study is the evaluation of the long-term efficiency of voice therapy (> to 6 months) in the treatment of dysfunctional dysphonia . Four subjective measurements were performed on 29 ... [more ▼]

The goal of this study is the evaluation of the long-term efficiency of voice therapy (> to 6 months) in the treatment of dysfunctional dysphonia . Four subjective measurements were performed on 29 patients: -A visual analogical scale (VAS) ranging from 0 (not efficient at all) to 100 (very efficient). -A question “Is the speech therapy still efficient?” Yes or no. -The G(rade), R(oughness) and B(reathiness) parameters from the GRBAS perceptual scale (evaluated by the patient measured on VAS). -The Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10). The results show that 76% of the patients consider that the voice therapy is still efficient. In regard to G.R.B., we observe a high score for G (median: 77). The score for R is lower (median R: 12). G and R are significantly correlated (r Spearman=0.516, p=0.004), but the satisfaction of the vocal quality does not seem correlated to B (p=0,251, NS). The median values of VHI 10 shows a significant improvement from 15 to 10 (p=0,017). In addition, the correlations between the judgment on the treatment efficiency and vocal quality (r=0,623, p<0,001) and between VHI-10 and the length of treatment (r=0.416, p=0,035) are significant. The first correlation shows that the most satisfied patients when it comes to the vocal therapy are also the most satisfied when it comes to their vocal quality. The second correlation specifies that the longer the treatment, the higher the grade of vocal handicap. Voice therapy is efficient in the long term and is worth to be prolonged for difficult cases [less ▲]

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See detailAufbau und Vermessung eines Regenerators für offene Sorptionssysteme mit flüssigen Sorbentien zur Raumklimatisierung mit Niedertemperaturwärme
Léonard, Grégoire ULg

Master's dissertation (2008)

Travail de fin d'études réalisé dans le cadre d'un échange TIME à l'Université Technique de Munich. Il s'agissait de concevoir et construire un échangeur de chaleur et de matière à plaques pour la ... [more ▼]

Travail de fin d'études réalisé dans le cadre d'un échange TIME à l'Université Technique de Munich. Il s'agissait de concevoir et construire un échangeur de chaleur et de matière à plaques pour la régénération de solvants employés pour la climatisation des bâtiments avec de la chaleur basse température. [less ▲]

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See detailDistributed Collaborative Design Studio : a sketch-based environment to support rich distant collaboration. Workshop.
Safin, Stéphane ULg; Delfosse, Vincent ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg et al

Conference (2008)

An increasing number of large scale projects requires that distant teams collaborate together remotely. At the same time, the current CAD tools only offer minimal support for partial and asynchronous ... [more ▼]

An increasing number of large scale projects requires that distant teams collaborate together remotely. At the same time, the current CAD tools only offer minimal support for partial and asynchronous interactions. The application we propose enables full synchronous and remote sketch-based collaborative design. This setup is a combination of a virtual desktop (a remote meeting table), a standard videoconference system, a gesture recognition module and a networked, real-time, collaborative drawing software (SketSha). The solution as a whole is multimodal in essence (gestures, speech, drawing…) supporting immersive remote collaborative design. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation de l'impact économique du cotonnier sans gossypol en Côte d'Ivoire.
Zagbai, H. S.; Berti, Fabio ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Tropicultura (2008), 26(1), 28-31

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See detailLe projet DACEFI : contexte, philosophie et résultats attendus
Federspiel, M.; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Carr, B. et al

in Vermeulen, Cédric; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) Les premières forêts communautaires du Gabon : Récits d'une expérience pilote (2008)

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See detailRentabilité des cultures céréalières en Région wallonne durant la période 2004-2006 et perspectives
Delille, Nicolas ULg; Gheysen, Marjorie; Vanorlé, L. et al

(2008)

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See detailRendre opérationnelles les entités de gestion : une démarche consensuelle
Bracke, C.; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Ovono Edzang, N. et al

in Vermeulen, Cédric; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) Les premières forêts communautaires du Gabon : Récits d'une expérience pilote (2008)

La mise en œuvre de la foresterie communautaire au Gabon est notamment freinée par le vide règlementaire relatif aux entités juridiques de gestion des forêts communautaires. Cet article présente la ... [more ▼]

La mise en œuvre de la foresterie communautaire au Gabon est notamment freinée par le vide règlementaire relatif aux entités juridiques de gestion des forêts communautaires. Cet article présente la démarche adoptée en ce domaine par le projet DACEFI au Nord-Est du pays. Celle-ci a consisté, dans un premier temps, à identifi er l’organisation sociale et le cadre institutionnel villageois. Ensuite, la législation existante a été analysée afin de proposer un modèle adapté au contexte gabonais. Celui-ci a été testé selon une démarche consensuelle menant à son application opérationnelle sur le terrain. Enfin, l’utilité d’une plateforme locale d’appui aux entités légales de gestion de forêts communautaires a été soulevée. [less ▲]

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See detailWeathering in the Lake Baikal watershed during the Kazantsevo (Eemian) interglacial: Evidence from the lacustrine clay record
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Mackay, Anson W

in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2008), 259(2-3), 244-257

The clay-mineralogical record of a piston core recovered on an elevated plateau in the northern basin of Lake Baikal has been investigated for the Kazantsevo interglacial period (i.e., Eemian s.s ... [more ▼]

The clay-mineralogical record of a piston core recovered on an elevated plateau in the northern basin of Lake Baikal has been investigated for the Kazantsevo interglacial period (i.e., Eemian s.s. equivalent in northern Europe). The age model (as inferred from palaeomagnetic intensity) suggests that this stage spans ca. 128 to 117 kyr BP. Relative clay mineral abundances and clay-mineral ratios are used to reconstruct the weathering conditions within the Baikal watershed at a sub-millennial resolution, and suggest that the clay record is highly variable. A bimodal clay-data distribution is in agreement with different clay sources and/or formation between the studied glacial and interglacial periods. High amounts of smectites in the Taz glacial samples (128.7-136.4 kyr BP) may be explained by an additional source of neoformed smectites during the glacial stage. In addition to the classically used smectite/illite ratio, the mineralogical results are integrated by the calculation of a hydrolysis index that takes into account the abundance of all clay species and their sensitivity to chemical weathering. A principal components analysis (PCA) of the Baikal clay minerals allows the comparison of the clay parameters with regard to weathering conditions. Clay data are further compared (i) with diatom and pollen profiles, (ii) with pollen-based quantitative reconstructions for the same core material, and (iii) with other climate reconstructions for the Lake Baikal region and Siberia. Several features of our record are highlighted here. During the early period of the Kazantsevo interglacial (128.4-125.2 kyr BP), weathering processes remain controlled by physical reworking for more than 2 kyr after the initial transition from cold to warm conditions. Inception of chemical weathering starts only after ca. 125 kyr BP, a period coincident with the warmest conditions according to both the pollen record and by the strongest chernozem development in Siberian soils. Within the interglacial interval, the hydrolysis index displays a two-step increase, punctuated by a minimum value ca. 122 kyr BP. The increasing but irregular trend persists after the transition from the Kazantsevo interglacial to the Zyryanka glacial (similar to 117 kyr BP). Peak chemical weathering, as inferred by clay changes, lags the interglacial/ glacial transition by at least 2 kyr. This suggests that pedogenesis remains active after the interval of surface stabilization. Lake Baikal clay minerals trace the nature of the main weathering conditions within the watershed. We note any increase in physical weathering is rapidly recorded in sedimentary clay assemblages but the mineral imprint to chemical weathering changes is more gradual, lagging reconstructed climate conditions over the lake by ca. 2 kyr. 0 2007 Elsevier B.V.. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance des aides aux vaches allaitantes dans le revenu agricole en Région wallonne
Delille, Nicolas ULg; Bouquiaux, J. M.; Closset, M. F. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailMultipartite entanglement criterion from uncertainty relations
Gillet, Jérémie ULg; Bastin, Thierry ULg; Agarwal, G. S.

in Physical Review. A (2008), 78

We formulate an entanglement criterion using Peres-Horodecki positive partial transpose operations combined with the Schrödinger-Robertson uncertainty relation. We show that any pure entangled bipartite ... [more ▼]

We formulate an entanglement criterion using Peres-Horodecki positive partial transpose operations combined with the Schrödinger-Robertson uncertainty relation. We show that any pure entangled bipartite and tripartite state can be detected by experimentally measuring mean values and variances of specific observables. Those observables must satisfy a specific condition in order to be used, and we show their general form in the 2 x 2 (two qubits) dimension case. The criterion is applied on a variety of physical systems including bipartite and multipartite mixed states and reveals itself to be stronger than the Bell inequalities and other criteria. The criterion also work on continuous variable cat states and angular momentum states of the radiation field. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Ghersetti, Antonella; Bauden, Frédéric ULg; Chraïbi, Aboubakr

in Bauden, Frédéric; Chraïbi, Aboubakr; Ghersetti, Antonella (Eds.) Le Répertoire narratif arabe médiéval: transmission et ouverture. Actes du colloque international (Université de Liège, 15-17 septembre 2005) (2008)

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See detailCompte rendu de Carlos STEEL, Procli in Platonis Parmenidem Commentaria. Tomus I, Libros I-III continens, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2008), 77

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