References of "2008"
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See detailAsset Dynamics Estimation and Its Impact on CDS Pricing
François, Pascal; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Ali, Paul; Gregoriou, Greg (Eds.) Credit Derivatives Handbook (2008)

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See detailImmune-mediated respiratory and cardiac disease
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Clinical Immunology of the Dog and Cat”, 2d edition (2008)

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See detailAlternative betas
Hübner, Georges ULg

in Gregoriou, Greg (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Alternative Investments (2008)

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See detailAn experimental and numerical analysis of the influence of the inlet temperature, equivalence ratio and compression ratio on the HCCI auto-ignition process of Primary Reference Fuels in an engine
Machrafi, Hatim ULg; Cavadias

in Fuel Processing Technology (2008), 89(11), 1218-1226

In order to understand better the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine, the influence of some important parameters on the auto-ignition is investigated. The inlet temperature, the equivalence ratio and ... [more ▼]

In order to understand better the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine, the influence of some important parameters on the auto-ignition is investigated. The inlet temperature, the equivalence ratio and the compression ratio were varied and their influence on the pressure, the heat release and the ignition delays were measured, The inlet temperature was changed from 25 to 70 degrees C and the equivalence ratio from 0.18 to 0.41, while the compression ratio varied from 6 to 13.5. The fuels that were investigated were PRF40 and n-heptane. These three parameters appeared to decrease the ignition delays, with the inlet temperature having the least influence and the compression ratio the most. A previously experimentally validated reduced surrogate mechanism, for mixtures of n-heptane, iso-octane and toluene, has been used to explain observations of the auto-ignition process. The same kinetic mechanism is used to better understand the underlying chemical and physical phenomena that make the influence of a certain parameter change according to the operating conditions. This can be useful for the control of the auto-ignition process in an HCCI engine. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAge and the time lag method
Delhez, Eric ULg; Deleersnijder, Eric

in Continental Shelf Research (2008), 28(8), 1057-1067

The time lag method is one of the most straightforward methods used to estimate transit times from experimental data and is therefore widely used. The transit time between two points is estimated from the ... [more ▼]

The time lag method is one of the most straightforward methods used to estimate transit times from experimental data and is therefore widely used. The transit time between two points is estimated from the analysis of time series taken at these two points that suggest the propagation of a signal from one point to the other. To account for the distortion of the signal during its propagation between the two points an optimum time lag can be estimated by the analysis of the cross-correlation of the two time series. This study clarifies the relation between the transit time estimated by the time lag method and the well-defined concept of the age of a water mass. It is shown, through simplified process models, that the time lag method systematically underestimates the true mean age. The error can be quantified by means of a dimensionless parameter which is the inverse of a Peclet number based on a characteristic length given by the ratio of the velocity of the flow to the frequency of the signal. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of dust processes on air quality in Niamey, Niger, and consequences on human health
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Gabriels, Donald; Cornelis, Wim M.; Eyletters, Murielle (Eds.) et al Combating desertification: Assessment, adaptation and mitigation strategies (2008)

It is now irrefutable that air pollution caused by large amounts of respiratory particulates (Particulate Matter less than 10 µm in aerodynamic diameter, PM10) has numerous undesired consequences on human ... [more ▼]

It is now irrefutable that air pollution caused by large amounts of respiratory particulates (Particulate Matter less than 10 µm in aerodynamic diameter, PM10) has numerous undesired consequences on human health. Although air quality degradation far away from the African continent in the US and in Europe caused by high concentration of African dust is seen as a major health threat although most of these countries are very distant from the Sahara; no estimates of PM10 levels near the Saharan dust source are available. Based on horizontal visibility observations which are reduced by the presence of dust in the atmosphere, PM10 levels are estimated during 2005 at Niamey-Airport, Niger. It appears that excessive concentrations of particles are very important both in magnitude and frequency as the 24-hour PM10 thresholds established by the US EPA National Ambient Air Quality Standards and the EU Limits Values for Air Quality were exceeded 103 and 67 times, respectively. The average yearly concentration is far above air quality standards and estimated to 92 µg m-3 for PM10. These very high particulate levels are likely to represent an important public health threat and should be considered as a major environmental risk. [less ▲]

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See detailA 17,900-year multi-proxy lacustrine record of Lago Puyehue (Chilean Lake District): introduction
De Batist, Marc; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Loutre, Marie-France et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 151-161

This paper introduces the background and main results of a research project aimed at unravelling the paleolimnological and paleoclimatological history of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees S, Lake District, Chile ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces the background and main results of a research project aimed at unravelling the paleolimnological and paleoclimatological history of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees S, Lake District, Chile) since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), based on the study of several sediment cores from the lake and on extensive fieldwork in the lake catchment. The longest record was obtained in an 11-m-long piston core. An age-depth model was established by AMS C-14 dating, Pb-210 and Cs-237 measurements, identification of event-deposits, and varve-counting for the past 600 years. The core extends back to 17,915 cal. yr. BP, and the seismic data indicate that an open-lake sedimentary environment already existed several thousands of years before that. The core was submitted to a multi-proxy analysis, including sedimentology, mineralogy, grain-size, major geochemistry and organic geochemistry (C/N ratio, delta C-13), loss-on-ignition, magnetic susceptibility, diatom analysis and palynology. Along-core variations in sediment composition reveal that the area of Lago Puyehue was characterized since the LGM by a series of rapid climate fluctuations superimposed on a long-term warming trend. Identified climate fluctuations confirm a.o. the existence of a Late-Glacial cold reversal predating the northern-hemisphere Younger Dryas cold period by 500-1,000 years, as well as the existence of an early southern-hemisphere Holocene climatic optimum. Varve-thickness analyses over the past 600 years reveal periodicities similar to those associated with the El Nino Southern Oscillation and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, as well as intervals with increased precipitation, related to an intensification of the El Nino impact during the southern-hemisphere equivalent of the Little Ice Age. [less ▲]

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See detailClimate variability of southern Chile since the Last Glacial Maximum: a continuous sedimentological record from Lago Puyehue (40 degrees S)
Bertrand, Sebastien; Charlet, Francois; Charlier, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 179-195

This paper presents a multi-proxy climate record of an 11 m long core collected in Lago Puyehue (southern Chile, 40 degrees S) and extending back to 18,000 cal yr BP. The multi-proxy analyses include ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a multi-proxy climate record of an 11 m long core collected in Lago Puyehue (southern Chile, 40 degrees S) and extending back to 18,000 cal yr BP. The multi-proxy analyses include sedimentology, mineralogy, grain size, geochemistry, loss-on-ignition, magnetic susceptibility and radiocarbon dating. Results demonstrate that sediment grain size is positively correlated with the biogenic sediment content and can be used as a proxy for lake paleoproductivity. On the other hand, the magnetic susceptibility signal is correlated with the aluminium and titanium concentrations and can be used as a proxy for the terrigenous supply. Temporal variations of sediment composition evidence that, since the Last Glacial Maximum, the Chilean Lake District was characterized by three abrupt climate changes superimposed on a long-term climate evolution. These rapid climate changes are: (1) an abrupt warming at the end of the Last Glacial Maximum at 17,300 cal yr BP; (2) a 13,100-12,300 cal yr BP cold event, ending rapidly and interpreted as the local counterpart of the Younger Dryas cold period, and (3) a 3,400-2,900 cal yr BP climatic instability synchronous with a period of low solar activity. The timing of the 13,100-12,300 cold event is compared with similar records in both hemispheres and demonstrates that this southern hemisphere climate change precedes the northern hemisphere Younger Dryas cold period by 500 to 1,000 years. [less ▲]

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See detailAgreement between two independent groups of raters
Vanbelle, Sophie ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailPediatric gastric lymphoma: a rare entity.
Jacquemart, Caroline; Guidi, Ornella; Etienne, Isabelle et al

in Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (2008), 30(12), 984-6

Primary gastric lymphoma is a rare event in childhood. We describe a 13-year-old boy with gastric Burkitt-like lymphoma localized in the fundus. Symptoms mimicking gastritis-epigastric pain, hypochromic ... [more ▼]

Primary gastric lymphoma is a rare event in childhood. We describe a 13-year-old boy with gastric Burkitt-like lymphoma localized in the fundus. Symptoms mimicking gastritis-epigastric pain, hypochromic anemia, anorexia, and weight loss had been present for a few months before diagnosis. No Helicobacter pylori infection was shown at diagnosis. Biopsies obtained by ultrasound gastroscopy proved the diagnosis; F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography detected an isolated large gastric hypermetabolic mass. According to the international FAB/LMB 96 trial, the patient was treated with chemotherapy alone and is in first complete remission 2(1/2) years after diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detailLacustrine record of Late Pleistocene and Holocene climate evolution, volcanism and seismic activity in Lake Puyehue (Chilean Lake District)
De Batist, M.; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Loutre, M. F. et al

Book published by Journal of Paleolimnology (2008)

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See detailIdentification of aphid salivary proteins: a proteomic investigation of Myzus persicae.
Harmel, Nicolas ULg; Letocart, E.; Cherqui, A. et al

in Insect Molecular Biology (2008), 17(2), 165-74

The role of insect saliva in the first contact between an insect and a plant is crucial during feeding. Some elicitors, particularly in insect regurgitants, have been identified as inducing plant defence ... [more ▼]

The role of insect saliva in the first contact between an insect and a plant is crucial during feeding. Some elicitors, particularly in insect regurgitants, have been identified as inducing plant defence reactions. Here, we focused on the salivary proteome of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. Proteins were either directly in-solution digested or were separated by 2D SDS-PAGE before trypsin digestion. Resulting peptides were then identified by mass spectrometry coupled with database investigations. A homemade database was constituted of expressed sequence tags from the pea aphid Acyrtosiphon pisum and M. persicae. The databases were used to identify proteins related to M. persicae with a nonsequenced genome. This procedure enabled us to discover glucose oxidase, glucose dehydrogenase, NADH dehydrogenase, alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amylase in M. persicae saliva. The presence of these enzymes is discussed in terms of plant-aphid interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailComment je traite... Une acné par isotretinoine.
Pierard, Claudine ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(3), 115-8

Acne benefits from a series of treatments. The introduction of isotretinoin was a therapeutic breakthrough which considerably improved both the evolution and the prognosis of the disease. Indications of ... [more ▼]

Acne benefits from a series of treatments. The introduction of isotretinoin was a therapeutic breakthrough which considerably improved both the evolution and the prognosis of the disease. Indications of this retinoid kept changing over the past twenty years. New clinical conditions emerged including the management of disease recurrences. The daily dosages must be selected according to the type of acne, the gender of the patient and the pharmaco-economical implications. Teratogenicity must never be neglected as it represents the dreadful adverse event of the drug. A European Directive currently marks out the way to use this retinoid. [less ▲]

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See detailLate Quaternary climatic changes in southern Chile, as recorded in a diatom sequence of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees 40 ' S)
Sterken, Mieke; Verleyen, Elie; Sabbe, Koen et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 219-235

A late Quaternary diatom stratigraphy of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees 40'S, 72 degrees 28'W) was examined in order to infer past limnological and climatic changes in the South-Chilean Lake District. The ... [more ▼]

A late Quaternary diatom stratigraphy of Lago Puyehue (40 degrees 40'S, 72 degrees 28'W) was examined in order to infer past limnological and climatic changes in the South-Chilean Lake District. The diatom assemblages were well preserved in a 1,122 cm long, C-14-dated sediment core spanning the last 17,900 years, and were in support of an early deglaciation of Lago Puyehue. The presence of a short cold spell in South Chile, equivalent to the Younger Dryas event in the Northern Hemisphere, the Antarctic Cold Reversal in Antarctica, or the Huelmo-Mascardi event in southern South America, was not clearly evidenced in the diatom data, although some climate instability may have occurred between 13,400 and 11,700 cal. yr. BP, and a relatively long period (between 16,850 and 12,810 cal. yr. BP) with low absolute abundances and biovolumes could be tentatively interpreted as a period of low rainfall and/or temperatures. An increase in the moisture supply to the lake was tentatively inferred at 12,810 cal. yr. BP. After 9,550 cal. yr. BP, inferred stronger and longer persisting summer stratification, may have been the result of the higher temperatures associated with an early-Holocene thermal optimum. The mid-Holocene appeared to be characterized by a decrease in precipitation, culminating around 5,000 cal. yr. BP, and rising again after 3,000 cal. yr. BP, likely associated with a previously documented lowered frequency and amplitude of El Nino events. An increase in precipitation during the late Holocene (3,000 cal. yr. BP-present) might have marked subsequent increased frequency of El Nino occurrences, leading to drier summers and slightly moister winters in the area. [less ▲]

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See detailAcoustique appliquée: fondements et lutte contre le bruit
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg

Learning material (2008)

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See detailLe système endocannabinoïde dans le cerveau... et ailleurs
Scheen, André ULg; Seutin, Vincent ULg; Van Gaal, L. F.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(5-6), 364-71

The endocannabinoid system is a complex system with endogenous ligands, synthesis and transport processes, specific receptors (CB1 and CB2) and intracellular degrading enzymes. It is widely distributed in ... [more ▼]

The endocannabinoid system is a complex system with endogenous ligands, synthesis and transport processes, specific receptors (CB1 and CB2) and intracellular degrading enzymes. It is widely distributed in the central nervous system, but also in peripheral organs. In the brain, endocannabinoids and CB1 receptors are almost ubiquitous and play a role in synaptic plasticity: they modulate, through an inhibitory retrograde action, the release of classical neurotransmitters such as amines, acetylcholine or amino acids. They may exert a neuroprotective effect, but are also involved in appetite and alcohol/drug dependence. At the periphery, they are present (and overexpressed in case of abdominal obesity) in various organs involved in energy control and metabolic regulation. Furthermore, CB2 receptors are also present in the brain, although less numerous than CB1 receptors. They could attenuate pain and also be neuroprotective. Selective agonists, antagonists and inverse agonists of CB1 and CB2 receptors are currently developed and open new interesting therapeutic perspectives. Rimonabant, a CB1 antagonist, has been recently launched for the treatment of obese or overweight patients at high cardiometabolic risk. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations in the sound producing mechanism in the pearlfish Carapini (Carapidae)
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Lagardère, Jean-Paul; Chancerelle, Yannick et al

in Journal of Zoology (2008), 276

Sound production in Carapus boraborensis results from the action of different sonic muscles terminating in complex tendons, which have hooks that fit over a tubercle on the swimbladder wall. The primary ... [more ▼]

Sound production in Carapus boraborensis results from the action of different sonic muscles terminating in complex tendons, which have hooks that fit over a tubercle on the swimbladder wall. The primary sonic muscles (PSM) draw progressively the forepart of the swimbladder until the hook releases the tubercle. This allows the swimbladder to snap back to its resting position, which initiates the onset of the sound. In the present study, the morphology of the C. boraborensis sound-producing apparatus and the resulting sounds were compared with Encheliophis gracilis and Carapus homei. The main difference concerns the direct insertion of the PSM on the swimbladder in C. homei and E. gracilis and, concurrent sonic characteristics. These morphological features also allow both fish to produce an additional kind of sound with more compact pulses, each being clearly composed of two parts and each having a different frequency. The sound producing system could be compared with a guitarist who makes a sound in releasing a guitar string and modulates it by moving his/her finger along the string. However, E. gracilis possess more filtered sounds than C. boraborensis and C. homei, probably because of the unusual shape of its swimbladder. This study highlights the diversity and plasticity of sonic mechanisms and their implication in the development of sonic repertoire in evolving species. [less ▲]

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See detailBifidobacteria as indicators of faecal contamination along a sheep meat production chain
Delcenserie, Véronique ULg; Loncaric, D.; Bonaparte, Christine et al

in Journal of Applied Microbiology (2008), 104(1), 276-284

Aims: The potential use of bifidobacteria as indicators for faecal contamination was studied along a sheep meat production and processing chain. The levels of bifidobacteria were compared with those of ... [more ▼]

Aims: The potential use of bifidobacteria as indicators for faecal contamination was studied along a sheep meat production and processing chain. The levels of bifidobacteria were compared with those of Escherichia coli. Total viable counts were followed along the chain (244 samples). Methods and Results: Forty-three per cent of the samples contained bifidobacteria, of which 15% were solely detected using a PCR method based on the hsp60 gene and not by a culture-based method. Bifidobacteria were detected in only three of nine sheep faeces samples using one or the other method. However, carcasses (types C and E) were highly contaminated. These sample types (30% and 28%, respectively) were positive for bifidobacteria and negative for E. coli. The species Bifidobacterium pseudolongum and Bif. thermophilum, isolated from faecal samples, were predominant. Bifidobacterium choerinum were found in C, D, E and F sample types. Conclusions: Bifidobacteria were shown more efficient than E. coli in carcasses samples. The presence of Bif. choerinum suggested a faecal pork contamination. Significance and Impact of the Study: Detection and identification of bifidobacteria, in correlation with E. coli counting, should improve hygiene quality of mutton processing chains. [less ▲]

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