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See detailThe rocker bone: a new kind of mineralised tissue?
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; Casadevall, Margarida et al

in Cell & Tissue Research (2008), 334

In some Ophidiiform fishes, the anterior part of the swimbladder is thickened into a hard structure called the “rocker bone”, which is thought to play a role in sound production. Although this structure ... [more ▼]

In some Ophidiiform fishes, the anterior part of the swimbladder is thickened into a hard structure called the “rocker bone”, which is thought to play a role in sound production. Although this structure has been described as cartilage or bone, its nature is still unknown. We have made a thorough analysis of the rocker bone in Ophidion barbatum and compared it with both classical bone and cartilage. The rocker bone appears to be a new example of mineralisation. It consists of (1) a ground substance mainly composed of proteoglycans (mucopolysaccharide acid) and fibres and (2) a matrix containing small mineralised spherules composed of a bioapatite and fibrils. These spherules are embedded in mineralised cement of a similar composition to the spherules themselves. The rocker bone grows via the apposition of new apatite spherules at its periphery. These spherules are first secreted by the innermost fibroblast layer of the capsule contained in the rocker bone and then grow extracellularly. Blood vessels, which represent the only means of transport for matrix and mineral material, are numerous. They enter the rocker bone via the hyle and ramify towards the capsule. We propose to call this new kind of mineralised tissue constituting the rocker bone “frigolite” (the Belgian name for styrofoam) in reference to the presence of spherules of different sizes and the peculiarity of the rocker bone in presenting a smooth surface when fractured. [less ▲]

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See detailParodie et autoparodie dans Exercices de style de Raymond Queneau
Goto, Kanako ULg

in Gaudard, François-Charles (Ed.) Champs du signe : DuBellay, Diderot, Verlaine, Gracq, Dossier Raymond Queneau (2008)

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See detailIonospheric Products and Services from the Regional Warning Centers of the International Space Environment Service (ISES) for GNSS Users
Kunches, J.; Terkildsen, M.; Stanislawska, I. et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailIn Unordnung erstarrt
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Richter, K.

Article for general public (2008)

Experimente mit kalten Atomen zeigen erstmals direkt die Anderson-Lokalisierung von Materiewellen.

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See detailIm Zeichen des Ödipuskomplexes. Mutterbindung und Vaterhass in Günter Grass’ Autobiographie „Beim Häuten der Zwiebel“ und seinem Roman „Die Blechtrommel“.
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Hagestedt, Lutz (Ed.) Literatur als Lust. Begegnungen zwischen Poesie und Wissenschaft: Festschrift für Thomas Anz zum 60. Geburtstag (2008)

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See detailOn the complementarity of contrastive linguistics and interlanguage studies
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe

Conference (2008)

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See detailTunisian Table Olive Phenolic Compounds And Their Antioxidant Capacity
Ben Othman, N.; Weber, Dominique ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Food Science (2008), 73(4),

For the 1st time, 4 olive cultivars, theMeski, Chemlali, Besbessi, and Tounsi, fromthe Tunisian market were investigated to evaluate the phenolic compounds’ contribution in nutritional value of table ... [more ▼]

For the 1st time, 4 olive cultivars, theMeski, Chemlali, Besbessi, and Tounsi, fromthe Tunisian market were investigated to evaluate the phenolic compounds’ contribution in nutritional value of table olives. From the Meski cultivar, we have chosen 4 different samples to evaluate differences within the same cultivar. Basic characteristics and total phenolic content were evaluated in flesh and kernel. The highest value of flesh phenolic content was observed in sample M4 of the Meski cultivar; however, the lowest value was observed in the Besbessi cultivar and they were 1801 and 339 mg GA/100 g dry weight, respectively. Themain simple phenolic compounds identified in flesh extracts are hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, and vanillic acid. Oleuropein was not detected in any samples. The antioxidant activity of Tunisian olive flesh varies between 212 and 462 μM TEAC/g of dry weight. Antioxidant activity of olives was related to their phenolic content but we found a low correlation between phenolic content and TEAC [less ▲]

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See detailPeinlichkeit und Imagination
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Ziemer, Gesa; Zumsteg, Simon; Huber, Jörg (Eds.) Archipele des Imaginären (2008)

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See detailInfrared Signature of DNA G-Quadruplexes in the Gas Phase
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Journal of the American Chemical Society (2008), 130(6), 1810-1

DNA oligonucleotide ions forming G-quadruplex structures were studied in the gas phase using IRMPD spectroscopy. Data interpretation on these large biomolecule ions was made using carefully chosen control ... [more ▼]

DNA oligonucleotide ions forming G-quadruplex structures were studied in the gas phase using IRMPD spectroscopy. Data interpretation on these large biomolecule ions was made using carefully chosen control experiments. The major finding is a fingerprint of hydrogen bonding in the gas phase in the guanine C6=O6 stretching mode, that allows probing the conservation of G-quartets in the gas phase. The experiments demonstrate the conservation of G-quadruplex hydrogen bonds in the human telomeric sequence d(TTAGGG)4. [less ▲]

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See detailPietätlose Rezeption? – Elfriede Jelineks Umgang mit der Tradition in „Die Kinder der Toten“.
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Müller, Sabine; Theodorsen, Cathrin (Eds.) Elfriede Jelinek – Tradition, Politik und Zitat. (2008)

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See detailUne histoire à plusieurs voix entre le pays soninké (Mali) et la France
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Krauskopff, G. (Ed.) Les faiseurs d’histoires (2008)

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See detailCalculul Constructiilor Metalice la Actiunea Focului
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Zaharia, Raul

Book published by Editura Orizonturi Universitare (2008)

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See detailCoherent backscattering of Bose-Einstein condensates in two-dimensional disorder potentials
Hartung, Michael; Wellens, Thomas; Mueller, Cord A et al

in Physical Review Letters (2008), 101(2), 020603

We study quantum transport of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in a two-dimensional disorder potential. In the limit of a vanishing atom-atom interaction, a sharp cone in the angle-resolved density ... [more ▼]

We study quantum transport of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in a two-dimensional disorder potential. In the limit of a vanishing atom-atom interaction, a sharp cone in the angle-resolved density of the scattered matter wave is observed, arising from constructive interference between amplitudes propagating along reversed scattering paths. Weak interaction transforms this coherent backscattering peak into a pronounced dip, indicating destructive instead of constructive interference. We reproduce this result, obtained from the numerical integration of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, by a diagrammatic theory of weak localization in the presence of nonlinearity. [less ▲]

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See detailSemiotica della fotografia. Investigazioni teoriche e pratiche di analisi
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg; Basso Fossali, Pierluigi

Book published by Guaraldi Editore - 2nd ed. (2008)

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See detailSeismic risk in Belgium for ordinary buildings: methodological aspects and study cases
Camelbeeck, T.; Degée, Hervé ULg; Wilquin, H. et al

in Proceedings of the Conference "Seismi Risk - Earthquakes in North-Western Europe" (2008)

Belgium is located in a region in which damaging earthquakes exist. Assessing the risks for the society caused by this seismic activity is complex but useful. We propose in this paper the concept of a ... [more ▼]

Belgium is located in a region in which damaging earthquakes exist. Assessing the risks for the society caused by this seismic activity is complex but useful. We propose in this paper the concept of a general tool for a first level assessment of seismic risks aiming a rapid identification of problematic buildings in a given area. General methodological aspects are presented. For a building, the risk is represented by a volume in a multi-dimensional space. This space is defined by axes representing the main parameters that have an influence on the risk. We are Seismic Risk 2008 - Earthquakes in North-Western Europe especially developing the assessment of the Belgian buildings vulnerability. We also express the importance of including a parameter to consider the specific value of cultural heritage. Then we apply the proposed tool to analyze and compare methods of seismic risk assessment used in Belgium. They differ by the spatial scale of the studied area. Study cases for the whole Belgian Territory and for parts of cities in Liège and Mons (Be) aim also to give an overview of the overall risk in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailAdvantages of a semi-analytical approach for the analysis of an evolving structure with contacts
Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering (2008), 24(12), 1667-1683

This paper presents a semi-analytical approach for the evolution analysis of a beam into given boundaries. The analytical description of contact locations, contact forces and beam deflections results in ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a semi-analytical approach for the evolution analysis of a beam into given boundaries. The analytical description of contact locations, contact forces and beam deflections results in an exact modelling of the phenomenon (no penetration allowed). Despite the apparent complexity of the problem, the analytical relations leading to two-point boundary and integro-restrained differential equations are formally written. An iterative resolution of these equations is adopted by converting the problem into a single-point boundary value one. Due to a proper selection of the global unknowns, namely the contact forces and their locations, the proposed method is particularly efficient in the context of evolving structures. The resolution is illustrated on a simple example, and comparisons with the finite element method are given as persuasive arguments. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailEnrichment of anhydrous milk fat in polyunsaturated fatty acid residues from linseed and rapeseed oils through enzymatic interesterification
Aguedo, Mario ULg; Hanon, EMILIEN ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2008), 56(5), 1757-1765

Lipozyme TL IM was used in a solvent-free batch and microaqueous system for enzymatic interesterification of anhydrous milkfat (AMF) with linseed oil (LO) in binary blends and with rapeseed oil (RO) in ... [more ▼]

Lipozyme TL IM was used in a solvent-free batch and microaqueous system for enzymatic interesterification of anhydrous milkfat (AMF) with linseed oil (LO) in binary blends and with rapeseed oil (RO) in one ternary blend. The aim was to obtain and characterize physicochemically fats enriched with unsaturated C-18 fatty acids (oleic, linoleic, and, especially, linolenic acids) from natural vegetable oils. Binary blends of AMF/LO 100/0, 90/10, 80/20, 70/30, and 60/40 (w/w) were interesterified. The change in triacylglycerol (TAG) profiles showed that quasi-equilibrium conditions were reached after 4-6 h of reaction. Free fatty acid contents < 1%. The decrease in solid fat content and in dropping point temperature obtained with increasing content of LO and interesterification resulted in good plastic properties for the products originating from the blends 70/30 and 60/40. This was confirmed by textural measurements. Melting profiles determined by differential scanning calorimetry showed complete disappearance of low-melting TAGs from LO and the formation of intermediary species with a lower melting temperature. Oxidative stability of the interesterified products was diminished with increasing LO content, resulting in low oxidation induction times. A ternary blend composed of AMF/RO/LO 70/20/10 gave satisfactory rheological and oxidative properties, fulfilling the requirements for a marketable spread and, moreover, offering increased potential health benefits due to the enriched content in polyunsatured fatty acid residues. [less ▲]

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