References of "2008"
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See detailNeutral Ion Coupling Explorer satellite measurements of thermospheric composition, winds and temperatures.
Mende, S. B.; Immel, T. J.; England, S. et al

Conference (2008, December 01)

A new Small Explorer mission, the Neutral Ion Coupling Explorer (NICE) mission, was selected for study by NASA to specifically address neutral ion coupling in the Earth's atmosphere. The main goal of NICE ... [more ▼]

A new Small Explorer mission, the Neutral Ion Coupling Explorer (NICE) mission, was selected for study by NASA to specifically address neutral ion coupling in the Earth's atmosphere. The main goal of NICE is to study neutral-ion coupling at low latitudes where the densest plasma in geospace is created and where a number of remarkable interactions between the plasma and neutral gas occur even in the relative absence of high-latitude forcing. NICE will study this region from a ~24 degree inclination 550 km circular orbit, residing entirely on closed magnetic field lines. The relatively fast precession of low-inclination orbit is favorable for frequent sampling of all local times for the determination of tidal structures. It is now widely recognized that the neutral thermosphere has a strong influence on the ionosphere and that Earth's ionosphere at quiet times is actually tidally dominated. The NICE concept is unique in simultaneously providing measurements of the parameters relevant to ion production and motion across the entire altitude range of the low-latitude ionosphere. The science payload consists of 3 remote sensing instruments viewing the atmospheric limb (1) a dual Doppler Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FP), scanning in altitude to measure neutral wind vector and temperature altitude profiles in the E- and F-regions, (2) a Far Ultraviolet (FUV) imager to measure daytime neutral composition and image the nighttime F-layer intensity distributions, and (3) an Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) altitude profiler to retrieve daytime F-layer properties. In addition, an Ion Velocity Meter (IVM) measures the in-situ ion drifts. NICE will take advantage of an elegant choice of orbit and instrument viewing geometries to make coordinated and complementary observations at all local times, with optimal conjunction of measurements occurring near the equator. The observations are accompanied by a suite of advanced numerical models and analysis techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailL'audit social. Evaluez les risques sociaux de votre entreprise !
Robert, Frédéric; Maréchal, Benoît ULg

Conference (2008, December 01)

This seminar introduce to the practice of the social audit with regard to compagnies. On basis of a list of social risks with regard to labour law and social security law, the Authors illustrated how ... [more ▼]

This seminar introduce to the practice of the social audit with regard to compagnies. On basis of a list of social risks with regard to labour law and social security law, the Authors illustrated how these risks could be examined and evaluated in the case of a social audit of the company. [less ▲]

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See detailLe projet PEGASE
Stubbe, Marc; Karoui, Karim; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue E Tijdschrift (2008), (4), 37-41

A group of Transmission System Operators (TSO’s), expert companies and leading research centers in power system analysis and applied mathematics, under the coordination of Tractebel Engineering, has ... [more ▼]

A group of Transmission System Operators (TSO’s), expert companies and leading research centers in power system analysis and applied mathematics, under the coordination of Tractebel Engineering, has joined to develop methodologies and software tools able to monitor, simulate and analyze the European Transmission Network (ETN). This project called PEGASE is part of the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission. Its budget is about 13 MEUR. It started in September 2008 and will last for 4 years. It will define the architecture, data flows and algorithms of an ETN state estimator making use of emerging technologies like the GPS-synchronized Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs). Giving access to the state of the ETN to each TSO would improve dramatically their coordination provided that new ideas to display huge amounts of ETN data are proposed. This is also part of the research. The static simulation of the ETN requires to take into account the various operating rules and control practices of each national grid. New algorithms will be developed, based on optimization techniques and sound engineering judgment. The dynamic simulation of the ETN is of paramount importance for better control and security assessment of this large-scale system. PEGASE will build a prototype of a simulation engine capable of reproducing all kinds of behavior of the ETN. Such an engine will be designed to play extreme scenarios up to the complete black-out of Europe and its subsequent restoration. It will require algorithmic breakthroughs and advanced computer architecture. It will be embedded in a mock-up of a real time dispatcher training simulator. Simplified dynamic simulation tools, able to run much faster than real time, will be developed for on-line security assessment. If the main challenge of the project remains the size and the heterogeneity of the ETN, special attention will be paid to modeling methodology. Component models have to face the complexity introduced by IT and power electronic technologies presently used in power systems. Standard model libraries reach some limits and a greater modeling flexibility is needed to introduce new devices in software tools or exchange models between operators. [less ▲]

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See detailIn situ SAXS of resorcinol-formaldehyde gel formation: either microphase separation or colloid aggregation
Gommes, Cédric ULg; Roberts, Anthony; Goderis, Barts

Scientific conference (2008, December)

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See detailEpidemiology and genetics of pituitary tumours
Beckers, Albert ULg

in Chanson, Philippe (Ed.) Best Practice Research - Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2008)

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See detailPetits commerces, grands préjugés
Dawance, Sophie ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2008), 55

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See detailApproche qualité pour améliorer l’accrochage scolaire
Plunus, Ghislain ULg; Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg; Polson, Delphine ULg et al

in Education Canada (2008), 48(5), 27-29

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See detailest-il possible d’intégrer la fragilité gériatrique dans le risque chirurgical ?
Petermans, Jean ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(12), 722-728

Frailty in the elderly is an important factor of morbidity, particularly in the setting of surgery. The various pathologies that can lead to a functional decline are well known. The risk of mortality and ... [more ▼]

Frailty in the elderly is an important factor of morbidity, particularly in the setting of surgery. The various pathologies that can lead to a functional decline are well known. The risk of mortality and morbidity should be assessed as a function of the nature of the surgical procedure and of the disease for which it is required; the factors of severity, the predictable duration of the procedure, and the expected blood losses must also be taken into account. The thrombo-embolic risk should finally be considered. In the elderly, one may say that the functional risk matters more than the vital risk. Frailty must be integrated into the risk assessment; however, further studies are needed to better determine the impact of that new concept. Undoubtedly, the cognitive and nutritional status are of main importance. A better knowledge of the risks should lead to validate specific interventions that could help to prevent surgical complications, shorten the length of hospital stay, and protect the self-sufficiency of the aged. [less ▲]

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See detailCommentaire sur l'arrêt Holmqvist
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

in Revue de Droit Commercial Belge = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Handelsrecht (2008), (10), 934-936

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See detailSedimentological fingerprints of recent earthquakes in lake sediments: A case study on the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), Turkey
Avsar, Ulas; Boes, X; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2008, December), 89(53)(Fall Meet. Suppl.), 21-1919

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See detailLBG-SQUARE - Fault Tolerant, Locality-Aware Co-allocation in P2P Grids
Dethier, Gérard ULg; Briquet, Cyril ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Huang, Zhiyi; Xu, Zhiwei; Rountree, Nathan (Eds.) et al Ninth International Conference On Parallel And Distributed Computing, Applications And Technologies : PDCAT 2008 (2008, December)

In this paper, the deployment and execution of Iterative Stencil applications on a P2P Grid middleware are investigated. So-called Iterative Stencil applications are composed of sets of heavily ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the deployment and execution of Iterative Stencil applications on a P2P Grid middleware are investigated. So-called Iterative Stencil applications are composed of sets of heavily-communicating, long-running Tasks. They thus require co-allocation of multiple reliable resources for extended periods of time. P2P Grids are totally decentralized and provide on-demand, transparent access to edge resources, e.g. Internet-connected, non-dedicated desktop computers. A P2P Grid has the potential to provide access to a large number of resources at the fraction of the cost of a dedicated cluster. However, edge resources are heterogeneous in performance and intrinsically unreliable: Task execution failures are common due to resource preemption or resource failure. Furthermore, P2P Grid schedulers usually target sets of independent computational Tasks, i.e. so-called Bags of Tasks applications. It is therefore not trivial to deploy and run an Iterative Stencil application on a P2P Grid. Checkpointing is a common fault-tolerance mechanism in High Performance Distributed Computing, often based on a centralized architecture. Locality-aware co-allocation in P2P Grids has been recently investigated. Checkpointing and locality-aware co-allocation yet have to be integrated in P2P Grids. We propose to provide co-allocation through an existing middleware-level Bag of Tasks scheduling mechanism. We also introduce a layer of fault-tolerance for the Iterative Stencils that relies on a scalable, application-level, P2P checkpointing mechanism. Finally, LBG-SQUARE is described. This software results from the combination of a specific Iterative Stencil application (a Computational Fluid Dynamics simulation software called LaBoGrid) with a P2P Grid middleware (Lightweight Bartering Grid). [less ▲]

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See detailLa nouvelle «résolution» du compromis de vente en Flandre : Un anéantissement très amiable
Douny, Raphaël ULg; Gustin, Manuel ULg

in Recueil Général de l'Enregistrement et du Notariat [= RGEN] (2008), 10

Par le biais d'un décret régional du 23 novembre 2007, la Région flamande a institué un régime spécifique tendant à réduire les conséquences fiscales, en terme de droits d'enregistrement, liée à la mise à ... [more ▼]

Par le biais d'un décret régional du 23 novembre 2007, la Région flamande a institué un régime spécifique tendant à réduire les conséquences fiscales, en terme de droits d'enregistrement, liée à la mise à néant amiable d'un compromis de vente immobilière peu de temps après sa conclusion. Pour autant que les conditions formulées par les nouvelles dispositions soient rencontrées, chacun des transferts de propriété découlant d'une telle opération fera l'objet d'un nouveau droit fixe spécifique de 10 euros. [less ▲]

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See detailPour envisager différemment les analyses de situation
Grignard, Sophie ULg; Goudet, Bernard; Vandoorne, Chantal ULg

in Education Santé (2008), (240), 13-17

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See detailA decision problem for ultimately periodic sets in non-standard numeration systems
Charlier, Emilie ULg

Scientific conference (2008, December)

Given a linear numeration system U and a set X (include in N) such that repU(X) is recognized by a (deterministic) finite automaton. Is it decidable whether or not X is ultimately periodic, i.e., whether ... [more ▼]

Given a linear numeration system U and a set X (include in N) such that repU(X) is recognized by a (deterministic) finite automaton. Is it decidable whether or not X is ultimately periodic, i.e., whether or not X is a finite union of arithmetic progressions? Honkala showed that this problem turns out to be decidable for the usual b-ary numeration system (b greater than 2) defined by U_n = bU_{n-1} for n greater than 1 and U_0 = 1. In this work, we give a decision procedure for this problem for a large class of linear numeration systems. [less ▲]

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See detailPanorama des imaginaires des jeunes au sujet de la société idéale
Brahy, Rachel ULg

Article for general public (2008)

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See detailFaire escale de dix ans
Habrand, Tanguy ULg

Article for general public (2008)

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See detailLa campagne de promotion de la santé mentale : une mise en perspective socio-politique
Ketterer, Frédéric ULg

in Sociologie Santé (2008)

This article is talking about the first french national campaign on mental health. It deals with the conditions which have led this campaign. Beginning in March 2005, it tries to fight against ... [more ▼]

This article is talking about the first french national campaign on mental health. It deals with the conditions which have led this campaign. Beginning in March 2005, it tries to fight against stigmatization of people suffering from psychic disorders. This campaign gathers four different instigators. The purpose of this article is to speak about french socio-political evolutions during the last years. In particular, users and local councillors’implication is sought by public policies, as there is a psychologization of social intervention, with an increased recognition of targeted populations’ needs. These evolutions are linked with a will to monitor public spendings. Furthermore, an epidemiologic study leads to make stigmatization of psychic disorders’people a public health problematics. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards an Improved Single-Frequency Ionospheric Correction: Focus on Mid-Latitudes
Bidaine, Benoît ULg; Warnant, René ULg

in 4th ESA Workshop on Satellite Navigation User Equipment Technologies NAVITEC (2008, December)

The modelling of the Total Electron Content (TEC) plays an important role in global satellite navigation systems (GNSS) accuracy, especially for single frequency receivers, the most common ones ... [more ▼]

The modelling of the Total Electron Content (TEC) plays an important role in global satellite navigation systems (GNSS) accuracy, especially for single frequency receivers, the most common ones constituting the mass market. For the latter and in the framework of Galileo, the NeQuick model has been chosen for correcting the ionospheric error contribution. It has been designed to calculate the electron density at a given point of the ionosphere according to the time conditions and the solar activity. This electron density can be integrated along the path from the receiver to the considered satellite to provide the TEC. For Galileo, a parameter Az (“effective ionisation level”) will be provided to the model as solar activity information and will be daily updated by the ground stations. In order to reach the ionosphere error correction level objective (70% or 20 TECu whichever is larger), the model itself as well as its use for Galileo are investigated. Different situations have to be considered: different latitude regions (space conditions), different hours, seasons and years (time conditions) and specific phenomena appearance (magnetic storms, Travelling Ionospheric Disturbances – TIDs). In addition the results can be compared to different data sets among which GPS slant or vertical TEC (sTEC or vTEC) measurements, Global Ionospheric Maps, ionosonde profiles, topside soundings but also other ionosphere models results such as IRI. In our comparison process, we take benefit of various ionosphere data from several European stations (Chilton in UK, Dourbes in Belgium, El Arenosillo and Roquetes in Spain, Pruhonice in Czech Republic) where ionosonde and GPS TEC data are available for different solar activity levels. These data allow us to study NeQuick representation of the ionosphere at mid-latitudes. We investigate the difference between GPS-derived vTEC and corresponding values from NeQuick for the latest years (between solar maximum in 2000 and minimum in 2007) in order to observe the temporal dependencies towards Universal Time, season and solar activity. On the one hand, we use ionosonde data to constrain the model so that we can concentrate on its formulation of the profile only. We especially highlight the improvements from the latest (second) version of NeQuick and show the critical importance of the topside formulation. On the other hand, we analyse the model residual errors for the same situations computing vTEC through the Galileo algorithm. [less ▲]

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