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See detailPeut-on sortir de l'embrouillamini relatif aux contraceptifs oraux et aux cancers cutanés?
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6), 463-6

Skin contains various hormonal receptors, particularly those for estrogens, progesterone and androgens. Steroid hormones of oral contraceptives affect the skin, in particular the control of the cell cycle ... [more ▼]

Skin contains various hormonal receptors, particularly those for estrogens, progesterone and androgens. Steroid hormones of oral contraceptives affect the skin, in particular the control of the cell cycle, DNA replication, apoptosis and other cellular functions. Some estrogen-responsive pathways have the potential to promote tumor development. The question of whether oral contraceptives increase the risk for the development of skin cancer, particularly melanoma, remains an area of concern. There is some evidence that steroid hormones present in oral contraceptives do not significantly increase the risk of developing skin cancer when estrogen exposure is not excessive. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation of extraction of phenolics and antioxidants from black currant leaves and buds and of stability during storage
Tabart, Jessica ULg; Kevers, Claire ULg; Sipel, Arnaud ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2007), 105(3), 1268-1275

Health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables are attributed in part to their contents of phenolics and other antioxidant compounds. In this research, the extraction of phenolics and antioxidant ... [more ▼]

Health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables are attributed in part to their contents of phenolics and other antioxidant compounds. In this research, the extraction of phenolics and antioxidant compounds from black currant was optimised for different plant organs. The extraction solvent affected yield: aqueous acetone was better than methanol and acetate or glycine buffer. In aqueous buffer, maximum yields of total phenolics and antioxidant activities were obtained at pH 3. Extraction from lyophilised materials yielded extracts with higher phenolic contents and antioxidant activities. Stability of extracts made with acetate or glycine buffer was limited while the use of a mixture of acetone/acetic acid/water for extraction allowed a high phenolic content and antioxidant capacity in dry extract to be maintained for several months. This type of extract could be incorporated in functional food, beverage or dietary supplement. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of attention on emotional face processing in depression : a functional MRI study
Desseilles, Martin; Maquet, Pierre ULg; Dang Vu, Thien Thanh et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailInvestigation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) prevalence in thyroid carcinomas in Tunisia
Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia; Hachana, Mohamed Ridha ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv : An International Journal of Pathology (2007)

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See detailThe search for tolerant Lewis acid catalysts. Part2: enantiopure cycloalkyldialkylsilyl triflimide catalysts
Tang Zilong; Mathieu, Benoît; Tinant, Bernard et al

in Tetrahedron (2007), 63(35), 8449-8462

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See detailDefensis induce the recruitment of dendritic cells in cervical human papillomavirus-associated (pre)neoplastic lesions formed in vitro and transplanted in vivo
Hubert, Pascale ULg; Herman, Ludivine ULg; Maillard, Catherine ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2007), 21(11), 2765-75

In addition to their direct antimicrobial activity, defensins might also influence adaptive immunity by attracting immature dendritic cells (DC). As these cells have been shown to be deficient in uterine ... [more ▼]

In addition to their direct antimicrobial activity, defensins might also influence adaptive immunity by attracting immature dendritic cells (DC). As these cells have been shown to be deficient in uterine cervix carcinogenesis, we evaluated the ability of -defensin (HNP-2, human neutrophil defensin 2) and ß-defensin (HßD2, human beta defensin 2) to stimulate their migration in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated (pre)cancers. We first observed, using RT-PCR and immunohistology, that HßD2 is absent in HPV-transformed keratinocytes and that it is weakly expressed in cervical (pre)neoplastic lesions in comparison with normal keratinocytes. We next demonstrated that defensins exert a chemotactic activity for DC in a Boyden Chamber assay and stimulate their infiltration in an in vitro-formed (pre)neoplastic epithelium (organotypic culture of HPV-transformed keratinocytes). To evaluate the ability of defensins also to recruit DC in vivo, we developed a model of immunodeficient mice grafted with organotypic cultures of HPV+ keratinocytes, which form an epithelium similar to a high-grade neoplastic lesion, with tumoral invasion and neovascularization. Intravenously injected human DC were able to infiltrate grafts of HPV+ keratinocytes after administration of HNP-2 in the transplantation chamber. Taken together, these results suggest that defensins could reverse a frequent immune alteration observed in cancer development. [less ▲]

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See detailA dynamic upper atmosphere of Venus as revealed by VIRTIS on Venus Express
Drossart, P.; Piccioni, G.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Nature (2007), 450

The upper atmosphere of a planet is a transition region in which energy is transferred between the deeper atmosphere and outer space. Molecular emissions from the upper atmosphere (90-120 km altitude) of ... [more ▼]

The upper atmosphere of a planet is a transition region in which energy is transferred between the deeper atmosphere and outer space. Molecular emissions from the upper atmosphere (90-120 km altitude) of Venus can be used to investigate the energetics and to trace the circulation of this hitherto little-studied region. Previous spacecraft(1) and ground-based(2-4) observations of infrared emission from CO2, O-2 and NO have established that photochemical and dynamic activity controls the structure of the upper atmosphere of Venus. These data, however, have left unresolved the precise altitude of the emission(1) owing to a lack of data and of an adequate observing geometry(5,6). Here we report measurements of day-side CO2 non-local thermodynamic equilibrium emission at 4.3 mu m, extending from 90 to 120 km altitude, and of night-side O-2 emission extending from 95 to 100 km. The CO2 emission peak occurs at similar to 115 km and varies with solar zenith angle over a range of similar to 10 km. This confirms previous modelling(7), and permits the beginning of a systematic study of the variability of the emission. The O-2 peak emission happens at 96 km +/- 1 km, which is consistent with three-body recombination of oxygen atoms transported from the day side by a global thermospheric sub-solar to anti-solar circulation, as previously predicted(8). [less ▲]

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See detailFilippo Tuena, Le variazioni Reinach. Una memoria 'estetica' della Shoah
Ricciardi, Stefania ULg

in Italianistica : Rivista di Letteratura Italiana (2007), XXXVI(3), 99-107

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See detailDe la suppression par le juge d'appel de l'exécution provisoire accordée par le premier juge
Boularbah, Hakim ULg

in Journal des Juges de Paix = Tijdschrift van de Vrederecters (2007)

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See detailSleep deprivation on the post-encoding night modifies the neural correlates of retrieval of emotional memories 6 months later
Sterpenich, Virginie ULg; Albouy, Geneviève ULg; Darsaud, Annabelle et al

in Journal of Neuroscience (2007), 27(Suppl. 1),

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See detailSeismic ground motion evaluation in the Valais : modelling and response spectra
Alvarez, Sonya; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Fäh, Donat

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2007)

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See detailDendritic Cells: More Than Just Adaptive Immunity Inducers?
Jacobs, Nathalie ULg; Boniver, Jacques ULg; Hubert, Pascale ULg et al

in Current Immunology Reviews (2007), 2

Dendritic cells (DC) are well known for their capacity to induce immune responses and there is also accumulating evidence of their ability to interact with various cell types of the innate system, such as ... [more ▼]

Dendritic cells (DC) are well known for their capacity to induce immune responses and there is also accumulating evidence of their ability to interact with various cell types of the innate system, such as NK, NKT or TCR gamma-delta cells. These interactions are bi-directional, mediated by soluble or cell surface molecules and have been mainly described in the context of immune responses to infectious agents and tumors. NK, NKT or TCR gamma-delta cells induce the maturation of DC, as shown by the increased expression of CD86, IL12 production and priming of T cell responses. On the other hand, mature DC have the ability to activate NK, NKT or TCR gamma-delta cells for sustained innate immune responses and activated NK cells may kill immature DC. In addition, DC and NK or TCR gamma-delta cells share similar functions such as cytotoxic and antitumor activity, interferon production and antigen presentation capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailPratiques de la lecture, de l'écriture et du calcul dans le milieu professionnel et à domicile
Hindryckx, Geneviève ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg; Crepin, Françoise ULg

in Journal de l'alpha (2007), 159(juillet-août), 88-95

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See detailEditorial
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Vila Real, Paulo

in Fire Safety Journal (2007), 42(6-7, SEP-OCT), 407-407

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See detailTherapeutic armamentarium in neurology: the birth of a new era
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Magis, Delphine ULg; Lievens, Isabelle ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6), 432-448

The field of neurology was long infamous for a lack of therapeutic options. How many of you have once thought: "Neurologists don't cure the disease, they admire it". But those days have passed into ... [more ▼]

The field of neurology was long infamous for a lack of therapeutic options. How many of you have once thought: "Neurologists don't cure the disease, they admire it". But those days have passed into history, and the field is now vibrant with new treatments and hope even for patients with the worst neurodegenerative diseases. We summarized in the present review the latest major advances in therapeutic principles and practice for some of the most frequent chronic neurological disorders such as headaches, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, dementias, Parkinson's disease, sleep/wake disturbances and peripheral neuropathies. We cannot cure or prevent, but we can now halt or control symptoms and disease progression to provide physical and psychological relief, and a better quality of life for patients who suffer from these otherwise devastating neurological conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrowave-enhanced ruthenium-catalysed atom transfer radical additions
Borguet, Yannick ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg; Delfosse, Sbastien et al

in Tetrahedron Letters (2007), 48(36), 6334-6338

The first monomode microwave-assisted atom transfer radical additions (ATRA) of carbon tetrachloride to various olefins were successfully performed, affording the adducts with almost quantitative yields ... [more ▼]

The first monomode microwave-assisted atom transfer radical additions (ATRA) of carbon tetrachloride to various olefins were successfully performed, affording the adducts with almost quantitative yields in less than 10 min at 160 'C. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe generalized-alpha scheme as a linear multistep integrator: Towards a general mechatronic simulator
Bruls, Olivier ULg; Arnold, Martin

in Proceedings of the ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (2007)

This paper presents a consistent formulation of the generalized-alpha time integration scheme for mechanical and mechatronic systems. The algorithm can deal with a nonconstant mass matrix, controller ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a consistent formulation of the generalized-alpha time integration scheme for mechanical and mechatronic systems. The algorithm can deal with a nonconstant mass matrix, controller dynamics, and kinematic constraints. The theoretical background relies on the analogy with linear multistep formulae, which leads to elegant results related with consistency, order conditions for constant and variable stepsize methods, as well as global convergence. The algorithm is applied for the simulation of a vehicle semi-active suspension. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of the surface structure of TRIP steels prior to hot-dip galvanizing
Bellhouse, Erika M.; Mertens, Anne ULg; McDermid, Joe R.

in Materials Science & Engineering : A (2007), 463

Focusing on improving the reactive wetting of transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels during hot-dip galvanizing, the effect of the alloying elements manganese, silicon and aluminum on the surface ... [more ▼]

Focusing on improving the reactive wetting of transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels during hot-dip galvanizing, the effect of the alloying elements manganese, silicon and aluminum on the surface structure prior to galvanizing was studied. A C-Mn steel and two TRIP steels with aluminum either completely or partially replacing silicon were investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailLe ministère public est-il tenu au secret de l'instruction ? Ou les incidences du secret de l'instruction sur l'intervention de la partie publique dans les procédures civiles et pénales
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2007)

Dans cet article, l'auteur examine le droit d'appel du ministère public dans les matières civiles ( article 138bis paragraphe 1er du Code judiciaire ) et le secret de l'instruction à l'égard de la partie ... [more ▼]

Dans cet article, l'auteur examine le droit d'appel du ministère public dans les matières civiles ( article 138bis paragraphe 1er du Code judiciaire ) et le secret de l'instruction à l'égard de la partie publique. [less ▲]

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