References of "2007"
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See detailSleep deprivation on the post-encoding night modifies the neural correlates of retrieval of emotional memories 6 months later
Sterpenich, Virginie ULg; Albouy, Geneviève ULg; Darsaud, Annabelle et al

in Journal of Neuroscience (2007), 27(Suppl. 1),

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See detailEvaluation de la fonction musculaire au grand âge
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Abstract Book des 10èmes Journées d’Automne de la Société Belge de Gérontologie et de Gériatrie (2007)

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See detailSeismic ground motion evaluation in the Valais : modelling and response spectra
Alvarez, Sonya; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Fäh, Donat

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2007)

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See detailA Finite Volume Spatial Discretisation for taxis-diffusion-reaction systems with axi-symmetry: application to fracture healing
Gerisch, Alf; Geris, Liesbet ULg

in Deutsch, A.; Brusch, L.; Byrne, H. (Eds.) et al Advances in Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems (2007)

We consider the numerical simulation of a time-dependent taxis-diffusion-reaction model of fracture healing in mice using the method of lines. The partial differential equation problem has an axi ... [more ▼]

We consider the numerical simulation of a time-dependent taxis-diffusion-reaction model of fracture healing in mice using the method of lines. The partial differential equation problem has an axi-symmetric structure and this is employed to properly reduce the model to an equivalent problem in two-dimensional (2D) space leading subsequently to an efficient spatial discretisation. Special care is given to respect conservation of mass and the non-negativity of the solution. The numerical simulation results are contrasted to those obtained from a simplistic reduction of the axi-symmetric model to 2D space (at the same computational cost).We observe quantitative and qualitative differences. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust computation of stress intensity factors within the eXtended Finite Element Method
Chevaugeon, N.; Moës, Nicolas; Minnebo, Hans et al

Scientific conference (2007)

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See detailEditorial
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Vila Real, Paulo

in Fire Safety Journal (2007), 42(6-7, SEP-OCT), 407-407

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See detailCompléments de Fabrication mécanique et F.A.O. - Partie Usinage
Debongnie, Jean-François ULg

Learning material (2007)

Numerical command of machine tools : principles. Introduction to I.S.O. coding of machine tools. Tolerances. Tolerance stacking for manufacturing processes. Non conventional machining processes.

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See detailLes incretinomimetiques et incretinopotentiateurs dans le traitement du diabete de type 2.
Scheen, André ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg; Philips, Jean-Christophe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2007), 3(122), 18841886-8

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut hormone secreted in response to a meal ingestion, which is rapidly degraded by a specific enzyme, dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4). It enhances insulin secretion in a ... [more ▼]

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut hormone secreted in response to a meal ingestion, which is rapidly degraded by a specific enzyme, dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4). It enhances insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner, inhibits glucagon secretion, retards gastric emptying,... Two pharmacological approaches have been developed to increase the abnormally low GLP-1 levels in type 2 diabetic patients: either to subcutaneously inject an agent closed to GLP-1 (exenatide), which is partially resistant to the action of DPP-4, either to orally administer a selective DPP-4 inhibitor (sitagliptin,...). These new drugs offer improved blood glucose control of type 2 diabetic patients, without inducing hypoglycaemia and with favourable effects on body weight. [less ▲]

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See detail« Sa Sainteté femelle » ou les réincarnations discrètes du mythe historiographique confessionnel de la papesse Jeanne au Refuge huguenot
Donneau, Olivier ULg

in Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire du Protestantisme Français (1852) (2007), 153

Contrary to the usual affirmations, the myth of ‘Pope Joan’ was not destroyed by David Blondel (1647), but survived within the restricted circle of Huguenot intellectuals until the middle of the 18th ... [more ▼]

Contrary to the usual affirmations, the myth of ‘Pope Joan’ was not destroyed by David Blondel (1647), but survived within the restricted circle of Huguenot intellectuals until the middle of the 18th century. Faithful to his convictions, Pierre Bayle saw in this blindness a proof of partisan bias. The Huguenots of the Refuge rejected this idea, claiming that their aim was simply to avenge Protestant scholarship unjustly mocked by the Catholics on this subject. But the true aim of the rehabilitation of Pope Joan was quite different. The objective was to denounce the Papist spirit of deceit, at a moment when the memory and the identity of the Huguenots was cruelly threatened. [less ▲]

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See detailMeiotic segregation analysis in cow heterozygotes for the t(1;29) Robertsonian translocation
Bonnet-Garnier, A; Lacaze, S; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Chromosome Research : An International Journal on the Molecular, Supramolecular and Evolutionary Aspects of Chromosome Biology (2007), 15(2), 87

Heterozygotes for Robertsonian translocations have usually a normal phenotype but show variable decrease in fertility. In humans, meiotic segregation studies carried out in male carriers reveal a majority ... [more ▼]

Heterozygotes for Robertsonian translocations have usually a normal phenotype but show variable decrease in fertility. In humans, meiotic segregation studies carried out in male carriers reveal a majority of balanced spermatozoa. The rate of unbalanced segregation products appears higher in females than in males, but the number of human oocytes analysed so far remains limited (about 100). The occurrence of the t(1;29) translocation in several cattle breeds makes bovines an interesting animal model to study the meiotic segregation in female carrier of Robertsonian translocations. The aim of our project is thus to assess the rates of unbalanced oocytes produced by four cows and to compare these values with those obtained in bulls carriers of the same translocation. The superstimulated cows were subjected to twenty um pick up (OPU) sessions. Dual colour whole chromosome painting probes for BTA1 and 29 were hybridized on oocytes preparations. To date, 649 oocytes have been matured in vitro and 500 successfully spread. Among the 266 oocytes analysed by FISH so far: 201 (75,5%) are balanced, including 105 translocated and 96 normal, 55 are diploid (20.7%), and 10 unbalanced (3.8%). The proportion of balanced oocytes is lower than the average proportion of balanced spermatozoa estimated for two heterozygous bulls (97.1%). This difference is essentially due to a higher rate of diploid oocytes (20.7% vs 0.04% diploid spermatozoa). The origin of observed differences in the segregation profiles of the two sexes, as well as the practical implications of these results for genetic counselling and cattle breeding are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailConformational and thermodynamic changes of the repressor/DNA operator complex upon monomerization shed new light an regulation mechanisms of bacterial resistance against beta-lactam antibiotics
Boudet, J.; Duval, V.; Van Melckebeke, H. et al

in Nucleic Acids Research (2007), 35(13), 4384-4395

In absence of beta-lactam antibiotics, Blal and Mecl homodimeric repressors negatively control the expression of genes involved in P-lactam resistance in Bacillus licheniformis and in Staphylococcus ... [more ▼]

In absence of beta-lactam antibiotics, Blal and Mecl homodimeric repressors negatively control the expression of genes involved in P-lactam resistance in Bacillus licheniformis and in Staphylococcus aureus. Subsequently to P-lactam presence, Blal/Mecl is inactivated by a single-point proteolysis that separates its N-terminal DNA-binding domain to its C-terminal domain responsible for its dimerization. Concomitantly to this proteolysis, the truncated repressor acquires a low affinity for its DNA target that explains the expression of the structural gene for resistance. To understand the loss of the high DNA affinity of the truncated repressor, we have determined the different dissociation constants of the system and solved the solution structure of the B. licheniformis monomeric repressor complexed to the semi-operating sequence OP1, of blaP (1/20P(1)blaP) by using a de novo docking approach based on inter-molecular nuclear Overhauser effects and chemical-shift differences measured on each macromolecular partner. Although the N-terminal domain of the repressor is not subject to internal structural rearrangements upon DNA binding, the molecules adopt a tertiary conformation different from the crystallographic operator-repressor dimer complex, leading to a 300 rotation of the monomer with respect to a central axis extended across the DNA. These results open new insights for the repression and induction mechanisms of bacterial resistance to beta-lactams. [less ▲]

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See detailConcordantia in Nicolaum Damascenum
Famerie, Etienne ULg

Book published by Georg Olms Verlag (2007)

First lemmatized concordance of all fragmentary works by Nicolas of Damascus (éd. Jacoby).The work is completed by three indices of lemmata (alphabetical, reverce, frequency list) and an analytical index ... [more ▼]

First lemmatized concordance of all fragmentary works by Nicolas of Damascus (éd. Jacoby).The work is completed by three indices of lemmata (alphabetical, reverce, frequency list) and an analytical index nominum [less ▲]

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See detailOxygen consumption of equine articular chondrocytes: Influence of applied oxygen tension and glucose concentration during culture.
Schneider, Nicole ULg; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Lejeune, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Cell Biology International (2007), 31

We investigated the oxygen (O2) uptake of equine articular chondrocytes to assess their reactions to anoxia/re-oxygenation. They were cultured under 5% or 21% gas phase O2 and at glucose concentrations of ... [more ▼]

We investigated the oxygen (O2) uptake of equine articular chondrocytes to assess their reactions to anoxia/re-oxygenation. They were cultured under 5% or 21% gas phase O2 and at glucose concentrations of 0, 1.0 or 4.5 g/L in the culture medium (n = 3). Afterwards, the O2 consumption rate of the chondrocytes was monitored (oxymetry) before and after an anoxia period of 25 min. The glucose consumption and lactate release were measured at the end of the re-oxygenation period. The chondrocytes showed a minimal O2 consumption rate, which was hardly changed by anoxia. Independently from the O2 tension, glucose uptake by the cells was about 30% of the available culture medium glucose, thus higher for cells at 4.5 g/L glucose (n = 3). Lactate release was also independent from O2 tension, but lower for cells at 4.5 g/L glucose (n = 3). Our observations indicated that O2 consumption by equine chondrocytes was very low despite a functional mitochondrial respiratory chain, and nearly insensitive to anoxia/re-oxygenation. But the chondrocytes metabolism was modified by an excess of O2 and glucose. [less ▲]

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See detailEncore Ounamon 2,27
Winand, Jean ULg

in Lingua Aegyptia [= LingAeg] (2007), 15

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See detailForaging tactics in alternative heterochronic salamander morphs: trophic quality of ponds matters more than water permanency
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Whiteman, Howard H.; Wissinger, Scott A.

in Freshwater Biology (2007), 52(9), 1667-1676

1. In lentic freshwater habitats, the composition of animal assemblages shifts along a gradient from temporary to permanent basins. When habitats with different degrees of permanence are at the scale of ... [more ▼]

1. In lentic freshwater habitats, the composition of animal assemblages shifts along a gradient from temporary to permanent basins. When habitats with different degrees of permanence are at the scale of the home range of species, they constitute alternatives in terms of energy acquisition through feeding. 2. In this context, previous studies showed an advantage of metamorphic over paedomorphic tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) in temporary ponds which are only available to metamorphs. The aim of this study was to establish whether salamanders obtain similar benefits in ponds that do not differ in water permanence and whether salamanders shifted from detrimental to advantageous ponds. To this end, we determined the feeding habits, body condition and movement patterns of the two morphs in a complex of four permanent and four temporary ponds. 3. Consistent with previous studies, metamorphs consumed higher-quality diets than paedomorphs in term of energy intake. However, these differences occurred because metamorphs consumed fairy shrimp in a single temporary pond. Individual movement patterns confirmed that most of the metamorphs used different aquatic habitats both within and between years and that most of them moved from permanent ponds for breeding towards the most profitable temporary pond in terms of foraging. 4. These results indicate that habitat selection by salamanders is optimal in term of energy intake in metamorphs that use high quality ponds independently of hydroperiod. It seems that both spatial and temporal variation can influence the relative foraging success of each morph. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of ventricular interaction during pulmonary embolism using clinical identification in a minimum cardiovascular system model.
Desaive, Thomas ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg et al

in Proceedings of the IEEE (2007)

Cardiovascular disturbances are difficult to diagnose and treat because of the large range of possible underlying dysfunctions combined with regulatory reflex mechanisms that can result in conflicting ... [more ▼]

Cardiovascular disturbances are difficult to diagnose and treat because of the large range of possible underlying dysfunctions combined with regulatory reflex mechanisms that can result in conflicting clinical data. Thus, medical professionals often rely on experience and intuition to optimize hemodynamics in the critically ill. This paper combines an existing minimal cardiovascular system model with an extended integral based parameter identification method to track the evolution of induced pulmonary embolism in porcine data. The model accounts for ventricular interaction dynamics and is shown to predict an increase in the right ventricle expansion index and a decrease in septum volume consistent with known physiological response to pulmonary embolism. The full range of hemodynamic responses was captured with mean prediction errors of 4.1% in the pressures and 3.1% in the volumes for 6 sets of clinical data. Pulmonary resistance increased significantly with the onset of embolism in all cases, as expected, with the percentage increase ranging from 89.98% to 261.44% of the initial state. These results are an important first step towards model-based cardiac diagnosis in the Intensive Care Unit. [less ▲]

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See detailSPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere
Bertaux, Jean-Loup; Nevejans, D.; Korablev, O. et al

in Planetary and Space Science (2007), 55

Spectroscopy for the investigation of the characteristics of the atmosphere of Venus (SPICAV) is a suite of three spectrometers in the UV and IR range with a total mass of 13.9 kg flying on the Venus ... [more ▼]

Spectroscopy for the investigation of the characteristics of the atmosphere of Venus (SPICAV) is a suite of three spectrometers in the UV and IR range with a total mass of 13.9 kg flying on the Venus Express (VEX) orbiter, dedicated to the study of the atmosphere of Venus from ground level to the outermost hydrogen corona at more than 40,000 km. It is derived from the SPICAM instrument already flying on board Mars Express (MEX) with great success, with the addition of a new IR high-resolution spectrometer, solar occultation IR (SOIR), working in the solar occultation mode. The instrument consists of three spectrometers and a simple data processing unit providing the interface of these channels with the spacecraft. A UV spectrometer (118-320 nm, resolution 1. 5 nm) is identical to the MEX version. It is dedicated to nadir viewing, limb viewing and vertical profiling by stellar and solar occultation. In nadir orientation, SPICAV UV will analyse the albedo spectrum (solar light scattered back from the clouds) to retrieve SO2, and the distribution of the UV-blue absorber (of still unknown origin) on the dayside with implications for cloud structure and atmospheric dynamics. On the nightside, 7 and 6 bands of NO will be studied, as well as emissions produced by electron precipitations. In the stellar occultation mode the UV sensor will measure the vertical profiles of CO2, temperature, SO2, SO, clouds and aerosols. The density/temperature profiles obtained with SPlCAV will constrain and aid in the development of dynamical atmospheric models, from cloud top (similar to 60 km) to 160 km in the atmosphere. This is essential for future missions that would rely on aerocapture and acrobraking. UV observations of the upper atmosphere will allow studies of the ionosphere through the emissions of CO, CO+, and CO2+, and its direct interaction with the solar wind. It will study the H corona, with its two different scale heights, and it will allow a better understanding of escape mechanisms and estimates of their magnitude, crucial for insight into the long-term evolution of the atmosphere. The SPICAV VIS-IR sensor (0.7-1.7 mu m, resolution 0.5-1.2 nm) employs a pioneering technology: an acousto-optical tunable filter (AOTF). On the nightside, it will study the thermal emission peeping through the clouds, complementing the observations of both VIRTIS and Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS) on VEX. In solar occultation mode this channel will study the vertical structure of H2O, CO2, and aerosols. The SOIR spectrometer is a new solar occultation IR spectrometer in the range lambda=2.2-4.3 mu m, with a spectral resolution lambda/Delta lambda > 15,000, the highest on board VEX. This new concept includes a combination of an echelle grating and an AOTF crystal to sort out one order at a time. The main objective is to measure HDO and H2O in solar occultation, in order to characterize the escape of D atoms from the upper atmosphere and give more insight about the evolution of water on Venus. It will also study isotopes of CO2 and minor species, and provides a sensitive search for new species in the upper atmosphere of Venus. It will attempt to measure also the nightside emission, which would allow a sensitive measurement of HDO in the lower atmosphere, to be compared to the ratio in the upper atmosphere, and possibly discover new minor atmospheric constituents. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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