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See detailNonexponential decay of Bose-Einstein condensates: a numerical study based on the complex scaling method
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Wimberger, S.

in Applied Physics B : Lasers & Optics (2007), 86(3), 385-390

We study the decay dynamics of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of a metastable trapping potential from which the condensate can escape via tunneling through finite barriers. The ... [more ▼]

We study the decay dynamics of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of a metastable trapping potential from which the condensate can escape via tunneling through finite barriers. The time-dependent decay process is reproduced by means of the instantaneous decay rates of the condensate at a given population of the quasi-bound state, which are calculated with the method of complex scaling. Both for the case of a double-barrier potential as well as for the case of a tilted periodic potential, we find pronounced deviations from a monoexponential decay behavior, which would generally be expected in the absence of the atom-atom interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailPolynomial regression with censored data based on preliminary nonparametric estimation
Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Van Keilegom, Ingrid

in Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics (2007), 59(2), 273-297

Consider the polynomial regression model Y = (beta)0 + beta(1) X + center dot center dot center dot beta X-p(p) + sigma (X)epsilon, where sigma(2)(X) = Var(Y vertical bar X) is unknown, and epsilon is ... [more ▼]

Consider the polynomial regression model Y = (beta)0 + beta(1) X + center dot center dot center dot beta X-p(p) + sigma (X)epsilon, where sigma(2)(X) = Var(Y vertical bar X) is unknown, and epsilon is independent of X and has zero mean. Suppose that Y is subject to random right censoring. A new estimation procedure for the parameters beta(0), center dot center dot center dot, beta (p) is proposed, which extends the classical least squares procedure to censored data. The proposed method is inspired by the method of Buckley and James (1979, Biometrika, 66, 429-436), but is, unlike the latter method, a noniterative procedure due to nonparametric preliminary estimation of the conditional regression function. The asymptotic normality of the estimators is established. Simulations are carried out for both methods and they show that the proposed estimators have usually smaller variance and smaller mean squared error than Buckley-James estimators. The two estimation procedures are also applied to a medical and a astronomical data set. [less ▲]

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See detailCamelpox virus encodes a schlafen-like protein that affects orthopoxvirus virulence.
Gubser, Caroline; Goodbody, Rory; Ecker, Andrea et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (2007), 88(Pt 6), 1667-76

Camelpox virus (CMLV) gene 176R encodes a protein with sequence similarity to murine schlafen (m-slfn) proteins. In vivo, short and long members of the m-slfn family inhibited T-cell development, whereas ... [more ▼]

Camelpox virus (CMLV) gene 176R encodes a protein with sequence similarity to murine schlafen (m-slfn) proteins. In vivo, short and long members of the m-slfn family inhibited T-cell development, whereas in vitro, only short m-slfns caused arrest of fibroblast growth. CMLV 176 protein (v-slfn) is most closely related to short m-slfns; however, when expressed stably in mammalian cells, v-slfn did not inhibit cell growth. v-slfn is a predominantly cytoplasmic 57 kDa protein that is expressed throughout infection. Several other orthopoxviruses encode v-slfn proteins, but the v-slfn gene is fragmented in all sequenced variola virus and vaccinia virus (VACV) strains. Consistent with this, all 16 VACV strains tested do not express a v-slfn detected by polyclonal serum raised against the CMLV protein. In the absence of a small animal model to study CMLV pathogenesis, the contribution of CMLV v-slfn to orthopoxvirus virulence was studied via its expression in an attenuated strain of VACV. Recombinant viruses expressing wild-type v-slfn or v-slfn tagged at its C terminus with a haemagglutinin (HA) epitope were less virulent than control viruses. However, a virus expressing v-slfn tagged with the HA epitope at its N terminus had similar virulence to controls, implying that the N terminus has an important function. A greater recruitment of lymphocytes into infected lung tissue was observed in the presence of wild-type v-slfn but, interestingly, these cells were less activated. Thus, v-slfn is an orthopoxvirus virulence factor that affects the host immune response to infection. [less ▲]

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See detailTHE DIOXIN FUNCTION AS A USEFUL TOOL FOR ASSESSING DIOXIN LABORATORY PERFORMANCES IN PROFICIENCY TESTS
Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Van Cleuvenbergen, Rudy; Smastuen Haug, Line et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2007)

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See detailLe syndrome Piro-like chez le cheval
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Pittel, PH; Amory, Hélène ULg

in Proceedins of the 24th Annual Congress of the Belgian Equine Practitioners Society (BEPS) (2007)

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See detailObservations of comet McNaught from La Silla
Snodgrass, C.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Fitzsimmons, A. et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailAntonin de Bemels. Le danseur, le pantin et la métamorphose
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Aubenas, Jacqueline (Ed.) Filmer la danse (2007)

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See detailUnderstanding the irregularity of Seismic cycles: A Case study in Turkey- A Marie Curie Excellence Team Project
Hubert-Ferrari; Boes; Faser et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailA classification of spores by support vectors based on an analysis of their ornament spatial distribution - An application to Emsian miospores from Saudi Arabia
Breuer, P.; Dislaire, G.; Filatoff, J. et al

in Carnets de Géologie = Notebooks on Geology (2007), CG2007(M01/02), 9-15

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See detailEchec du référendum
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Durand, Pascal (Ed.) Les Nouveaux Mots du Pouvoir. Abécédaire critique (2007)

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See detailUltrastructural organization of the reptilian nucleolus
Lamaye, Françoise; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2007)

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See detailProsodic Transfer from L1 to L2. Methodological Issues and Description
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe

in Nouveaux Cahiers de Linguistique Française (2007), 28

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See detailStrained silicon-on-insulator - Fabrication and characterization
Reiche, M.; Himcinschi, C.; Gösele, U. et al

in ECS Transactions (2007), 6

SSOI substrates were successfully fabricated using He+ ion implantation and annealing to relax thin (< 500nm) SiGe buffer layers, bonding and layer transfer processes to realize strained-Si layers onto ... [more ▼]

SSOI substrates were successfully fabricated using He+ ion implantation and annealing to relax thin (< 500nm) SiGe buffer layers, bonding and layer transfer processes to realize strained-Si layers onto oxide layers. The reduced thickness of the SiGe buffer possess numerous advantages such as reduced process costs for epitaxy and for reclaim of the handle wafer if the layer splitting is initiated in the SiGe/Si interface. The electron mobilities in the fabricated SSOI layers were measured using transistors with different gate lengths. An electron mobility of ~530 cm2 /Vs was extracted, being much higher than in non-strained SOI substrates. Furthermore, an 80% drive current (IDSAT) improvement has been measured for long channel devices. [less ▲]

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See detailLast two Millennia atmospheric lead and heavy metals inputs in a Belgian peat bog: regional to global Human impacts
De Vleeschouwer; Gerard; Goormaghtigh et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailEvaluation of oral corticosteroids and phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor on the acute inflammation induced by inhaled lipopolysaccharide in human.
Michel, Olivier; Dentener, Mieke; Cataldo, Didier ULg et al

in Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2007), 20(6), 676-83

Background Endotoxins are pro-inflammatory substances present in the environment. In man, inhalation of its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation related to macrophages and ... [more ▼]

Background Endotoxins are pro-inflammatory substances present in the environment. In man, inhalation of its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation related to macrophages and neutrophils. Corticosteroids and phosphodiesterase (PDE)-4 inhibitors have inhibiting effects on macrophages and neutrophils, respectively. This study investigated the effect of prednisolone and of the PDE-4 inhibitor cilomilast on the LPS-induced acute inflammation. Methods The study was a placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover design. On three occasions, at 2 weeks interval, 16 healthy subjects inhaled 50 μg LPS after a 6-day treatment with cilomilast (15 mg bd), prednisolone (10 mg bd) or placebo. For the assessment of the inflammatory response, induced sputum was obtained before inclusion and 6 h post-LPS while blood samples were collected before, 6 and 24 h post-LPS. Results Inhaled LPS induced an increase in sputum neutrophils (p<0.0001), logMMP-9 (p<0.05), logMMP-9/TIMP-1 (p<0.01) and logTNF-α (p<0.02). At the blood level there were significant rise in neutrophilia (p<0.001), E-selectin (p<0.02), C-reactive protein (CRP) (p<0.001) and LPS-binding protein (p<0.001). There was both a slight, but not significant, increase in body temperature and decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Neither prednisolone nor cilomilast had protective effect on the LPS-induced airways’ inflammation. The LPS-induced CRP acute-phase protein of inflammation (0.58±0.13 and 3.52±0.41 mg/dL, before and after LPS, respectively) was significantly inhibited by a pre-treatment with prednisolone (1.39±0.32 mg/dL, p<0.01) and attenuated (2.65±0.30 mg/dL, p=0.09) with cilomilast. Conclusion In healthy subjects, while the LPS-induced airways’ inflammation was not modified either by oral prednisolone or by PDE-4 inhibitor cilomilast (at actual dosage), the LPS-induced acute phase of blood inflammation was reduced by prednisolone. [less ▲]

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See detailA multicomponent exploration of verbal short-term storage deficits in normal aging and Alzheimer’s disease
Peters, Frédéric; Majerus, Steve ULg; Olivier, Laurence et al

in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology (2007), 29(4), 405-417

Although many studies have shown diminished performance in verbal short-term memory tasks in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), the cognitive processes responsible for this verbal short-term ... [more ▼]

Although many studies have shown diminished performance in verbal short-term memory tasks in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), the cognitive processes responsible for this verbal short-term storage (STS) impairment are still unclear for both populations. We explored verbal STS functioning in patients with AD, elderly participants, and young participants, by investigating a series of processes that could underlie STS impairments in normal elderly and AD populations. The processes we investigated were (a) the influence of lexical and sublexical language knowledge on short-term storage performance, (b) functioning of the phonological loop component via word length and phonological similarity effects, and (c) executive control processes (coordination and integration). For the AD and elderly groups, the influence of language knowledge on verbal STS performance and the functioning of the phonological loop were preserved. In contrast, the AD group showed deficits for coordination and integration processes. Our results suggest that the verbal STS deficit observed in AD patients is related to impaired executive control processes. On the other hand, language-related processes underlying passive storage capacity seem to be preserved. [less ▲]

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