References of "2007"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe welfare of farmed pigs
Meunier-Salaun, Marie-Claude; Bizeray, D.; Colson, V. et al

in Productions Animales (2007), 20(1), 73-80

The current intensive system of pig production is the outcome of better control of the environment, prevention of infectious disease, a feeding strategy adapted to the nutritional needs of pigs, and ... [more ▼]

The current intensive system of pig production is the outcome of better control of the environment, prevention of infectious disease, a feeding strategy adapted to the nutritional needs of pigs, and genetic selection oriented towards increased growth and reproductive performances. Meanwhile, certain practices have been shown to be detrimental to pig welfare. During the last few decades, research conducted on pig welfare has mainly been oriented towards measurement of behavioural and physiological responses to housing, feeding and management practices. The results have demonstrated the animals' difficulties to adapt to their conditions, particularly regarding changes in social relationships, impoverishment of the environment, restriction of space, and the development of management practices leading to discomfort, fear or pain. This review presents a summary of the scientific research conducted on the consequences of husbandry conditions and management practices on pig welfare. Finally, some possible solutions are presented for improving pig welfare by providing greater harmony between the animals and their environment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRégulation et dérégulation de l'âge pubertaire : populations à risque ?
Parent, Anne-Simone ULg; Domine, Françoise ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62

Detailed reference viewed: 158 (18 ULg)
See detailLa voie royale. Deux siècles de contribution wallonne à l’art en France
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Carpeaux, Carole (Ed.) Les Wallons à Versaille (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
See detailFunctionele analyse van een piek uit Spiennes (Neolithicum)
Rots, Veerle ULg

Report (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSouvenirs de Babel. La reconstruction de l'histoire des langues de la Renaissance aux Lumières
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

Book published by Académie royale de langue et de littérature françaises de Belgique (2007)

La question, voire le mythe de l'origine des langues, formulée dans de multiples récits et hypothèses, est un ensemble conjecturel qui méritait qu'on l'aborde de manière panoramique et objective. C'est ce ... [more ▼]

La question, voire le mythe de l'origine des langues, formulée dans de multiples récits et hypothèses, est un ensemble conjecturel qui méritait qu'on l'aborde de manière panoramique et objective. C'est ce qu'entreprend Daniel Droixhe dans son essai Souvenirs de Babel, très richement documenté et audacieusement conçu. Cette publication est le premier des ouvrages inédits que l'ARLLFB compte désormais proposer au public sur son site. Une innovation frappée au sceau de l'originalité et de la hardiesse de l'investigation philologique. – Jacques De Decker, Secrétaire perpétuel de l'Académie royale de langue et de littérature françaises de Belgique [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (12 ULg)
See detail"Le fonds africain de l’Université de Liège. Introduction historique" dans le catalogue de l’exposition Léopoldville-Liège. Liège-Kinshasa
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Catalogue de l’exposition Léopoldville-Liège. Liège-Kinshasa (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailUltrastructural organization of the reptilian nucleolus
Lamaye, Françoise; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe Jardin Botanique National de Belgique doit rester l’outil de tous
Jacquemart, Anne-Laure; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg et al

Article for general public (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (16 ULg)
Full Text
See detailActualites neurochirurgicales dans le traitement des tumeurs cerebrales
Robe, Pierre ULg; Martin, Didier ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6, May-Jun), 405-409

Neuronavigation is a tool for image guidance surgery. Based on the principle of the GPS, it is notably used for the ablation of brain tumors. Because of their millimetre precision, neuronavigation devices ... [more ▼]

Neuronavigation is a tool for image guidance surgery. Based on the principle of the GPS, it is notably used for the ablation of brain tumors. Because of their millimetre precision, neuronavigation devices bring more safety and effectiveness due to the ever increasing performances of medical imaging. However, neuronavigation presents a major pitfall as it uses a static support (the images acquired preoperatively) to perform a dynamic process (the surgical ablation). To preserve the performance of neuronavigation, it is mandatory to update the images during surgery. This is now achievable by interventional MRI, intra-operative ultrasound and the incorporation of fluorescent tracers by the tumor cells. These major tools, now available at Sart Tilman University Hospital of combined with state-of-the-art chemotherapy, radiotherapy and experimental protocols (including gene therapy) will undoubtedly improve the prognosis of brain tumors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeciphering the record of early life in Precambrian oceans using combined microscopy and microchemistry of organic-walled microfossils.
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Marshall, C. P.

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2007), 71(15), 442

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailAtlas des Paysages de Wallonie 1 : L'Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse
Van Der Kaa, Claire ULg; Cremasco, Veronica; Doguet, Anne et al

Book published by Maréchal L. (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrognostic value of metabolic imaging in locally advanced non small cell lung cancers.
DUYSINX, Bernard ULg; LAROCK, Marie-Paule ULg; CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2007), 48(SUPPL), 358

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIonoluminiscencia en minerales de interés gemológico
Calvo Del Castillo, Helena ULg; Ruvalcaba Sil, Jose Luis; Millán Chagoyén, Asunción et al

Poster (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEtude des séries chronologiques par les méthodes de lissage
Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (2007), (1), 1-22

This note briefly describes forecasting procedures for time series based on smoothing techniques. The following procedures are examined : exponential smoothing for non-seasonal time series showing no ... [more ▼]

This note briefly describes forecasting procedures for time series based on smoothing techniques. The following procedures are examined : exponential smoothing for non-seasonal time series showing no trend, Holt procedure for non-seasonal time series with trend and Holt-Winters procedure for time series containing trend and seasonal variation. The methods are illustrated by an example processed with Minitab software. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStructure modification in osteoarthritis
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in European Musculoskeletal Review (2007)

For decades, the traditional pharmacological management of osteoarthritis (OA) has been mainly symptomatic, despite a lack of evidence of its influence on the duration of the disease and its progression ... [more ▼]

For decades, the traditional pharmacological management of osteoarthritis (OA) has been mainly symptomatic, despite a lack of evidence of its influence on the duration of the disease and its progression. However, in recent years several sets of guidelines, recommendations or points to consider have been issued by regulatory authorities or scientific groups regarding requirements for the registration of drugs to be used in the treatment of OA. The ideal outcomes currently include pain and function assessment for symptom-modifying drugs, and joint-space narrowing (JSN) assessed by plain radiography for structure-modifying compounds. Taking advantage of these more precise recommendations, several chemical entities have been carefully investigated for the management of OA. This article provides a summary of the available evidence demonstrating that some compounds can effectively interfere with the structural progression of the disease. Avocado/Soybean Unsaponifiables The unsaponifiable part of avocado (A) and soybean (S) oils (ASU) mixed in a ratio of 1:2 (A1:S2) has been investigated in the treatment of connective tissues, including in OA, for several years. A pilot randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with follow-up over two years failed to demonstrate a structural effect of ASU in 163 patients with painful hip OA.1 However, in a post hoc analysis a significant difference was detected in the subgroup with a baseline joint-space width (JSW) smaller than 2.45mm: joint space loss was halved in the treated group (-0.43±0.51mm) compared with the placebo group (-0.86±0.62mm; p=0.01). This finding suggests that ASU may have a structure-modifying effect in patients with severe hip OA. Chondroitine Sulphate Chondroitine sulphate (CS) is a major component of the extra-cellular matrix from many connective tissues, including – but not limited to – cartilage, bone, skin, ligaments and tendons. In the articular cartilage, the high content of CS in the aggrecan plays a major role in creating considerable osmotic swelling pressure, which expands the matrix and places the collagen network under tension. In a pilot double-blind study, JSW measurement on digitalised radiographs of the extended knees was used to compare the effects of CS 800mg/day and a placebo in patients with knee OA.2 There were 23 patients in each group. After one year, JSW was unchanged in the treated group but had decreased by 0.4mm in the placebo group (p<0.005). No significant difference was found for JSW at the narrowest site. The small number of patients for whom end-point values were available (12 in the placebo group and 14 in the CS group) limits the relevance of the results. Another study randomised a total of 120 patients with symptomatic knee OA into two groups receiving either 800mg CS or placebo per day for two periods of three months during one year.3 Radiological progression was assessed as a secondary outcome by automatic measurement of medial femoro-tibial JSW on weight-bearing X-rays of both knees. Radiological progression at month 12 showed significantly decreased JSW in the placebo group, with no change in the CS group. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (5 ULg)