References of "2007"
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See detailRelationship between muscular performances of the shoulder and morphostatic profile
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Arimont, A.; Bregonzio, Jany et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

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See detailPréface à "L'échec du livre électronique de Cytale" de D. Nauroy
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Nauroy, Dominique (Ed.) L'échec du livre électronique de Cytale au prisme des processus de traduction (2007)

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See detailLes cisterciens ou l’art du dépouillement. Avant-propos
George, Philippe ULg

in Joris, Freddy; Maquet, Julien (Eds.) Le Patrimoine wallon en estampes. Parcours à travers les collections de l’ancienne abbaye du Val-Dieu, éd. Fr. Joris et J. Maquet, Namur, 2007, p. 3-7. (2007)

Le sauvetage du patrimoine artistique de l'ancienne abbaye du Val-Dieu (Aubel, Belgique)

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See detailScreening for colorectal cancer in 2006
Piront, Patricia ULg; Louis, Edouard ULg; Belaiche, Jacques ULg et al

in Acta Endoscopica (2007), 37(3), 305-313

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of death in Northern countries and needs a national screening program to reduce mortality and improve quality of life. Screening has to be cost-effective and ... [more ▼]

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of death in Northern countries and needs a national screening program to reduce mortality and improve quality of life. Screening has to be cost-effective and acceptable for patients. Many screening tools, invasive or not, are existing and often debated: FOBT, sigmoidoscopy and complete colonoscopy. New tools are in development and have to be evaluated in current practice: virtual colonoscopy, new endoscopic technologies, DNA on faeces or proteomics with markers in serum. [less ▲]

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See detailRetraite, activités non professionnelles et vieillissement cognitif. Une exploration à partir des données de Share
Adam, Stéphane ULg; Bonsang, Eric; Germain, Sophie et al

in Economie et Statistique (2007), (403-404), 83-96

Une approche en termes de frontières d’effi cacité peut être utilisée pour étudier les relations entre les fonctions cognitives des personnes âgées de plus de 50 ans en Europe d’une part, et différents ... [more ▼]

Une approche en termes de frontières d’effi cacité peut être utilisée pour étudier les relations entre les fonctions cognitives des personnes âgées de plus de 50 ans en Europe d’une part, et différents facteurs, plus particulièrement l’âge, l’éducation et l’exercice d’activités, professionnelles ou non, d’autre part. Le but est de construire une « frontière » correspondant au fonctionnement cognitif optimal que chacun des individus est censé atteindre étant donné son âge et son niveau d’éducation. À cette fi n, nous utilisons des données individuelles collectées durant la première vague de l’enquête internationale et interdisciplinaire Share de 2004, laquelle contient le résultat de tests cognitifs réalisés auprès de plus de 22 000 individus âgés, ainsi que des informations sur leur état de santé, mentale et physique, leur situation socio-économique, leur entourage familial, l’exercice d’activités professionnelles ou non professionnelles, l’isolement social et les performances cognitives individuelles mesurées à l’aide de tests. En plus du rôle fondamental joué par l’éducation face au vieillissement cognitif, le fait de rester en activité, ainsi que la pratique d’une activité non professionnelle ou d’activités physiques, vigoureuses ou modérées, sont positivement associés à la constitution des « réserves cognitives » individuelles. La mise à disposition des données des vagues successives de Share , prévues tous les deux ans auprès des mêmes individus, pourrait permettre de déterminer les liens de causalité subjacents. [less ▲]

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See detailThe grammaticalization of small size nouns : reconsidering frequency and analogy
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

in Journal of English Linguistics (2007), 35(4), 293-324

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See detailIncreased Inflammation Delays Wound Healing in Mice Deficient in Collagenase-2 (MMP-8)
Gutierrez-Fernandez, A.; Inada, M.; Balbin, M. et al

in FASEB Journal (2007), 21(10), 2580-91

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in numerous tissue-remodeling processes. The finding that mice deficient in collagenase-2 (MMP-8) are more susceptible to develop skin cancer ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in numerous tissue-remodeling processes. The finding that mice deficient in collagenase-2 (MMP-8) are more susceptible to develop skin cancer, prompted us to investigate the role of this protease in cutaneous wound healing. We have observed a significant delay in wound closure in MMP8-/- mice and an altered inflammatory response in their wounds, with a delay of neutrophil infiltration during the first days and a persistent inflammation at later time points. These changes were accompanied by alterations in the TGF-beta1 signaling pathway and by an apoptosis defect in MMP8-/- mice. The delay in wound healing observed in MMP8-/- mice was rescued by bone marrow transplantation from wild-type mice. Analysis of other MMPs showed that MMP8-/- mice had a significant increase in the expression of MMP-9, suggesting that both proteases might act coordinately in this process. This possibility was further supported by the novel finding that MMP-8 and MMP-9 form specific complexes in vivo. Taken together, these data indicate that MMP-8 participates in wound repair by contributing to the resolution of inflammation and open the possibility to develop new strategies for treating wound healing defects. [less ▲]

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See detailNouvelles recommandations (2007) des Sociétés Européennes d'Hypertension et de Cardiologie pour la prise en charge de l'hypertension artérielle
Persu, Alexandre; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Van de Borne, Philippe

in Louvain Medical (2007), 126(7), 225-237

About a decade ago the Belgian Hypertension Committee endorsed the guidelines for the management of hypertension as proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Society of ... [more ▼]

About a decade ago the Belgian Hypertension Committee endorsed the guidelines for the management of hypertension as proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) in 1999. These guidelines have been adapted by the European Societies of Hypertension and of Cardiology in 2003 and more recently in 2007. The core of the document consists of the classification of hypertension according to blood pressure, the evaluation and global risk stratification of the individual patient, and the guidelines for management, non-pharmacological measures and antihypertensive drug treatment. The document also includes information on epidemiology, risk factors, complications of hypertension and the results from large intervention trials with regard to morbidity and mortality. The present manuscript will mainly cover those aspects which are of practical importance for the physician. [less ▲]

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See detailXPS analysis of chemical functions at the surface of Bacillus subtilis
Ahimou, François; Boonaert, Christophe; Adriaensen, Yasmine et al

in Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (2007), 309(1), 49-55

The surface chemical composition of nine strains of Bacillus subtilis was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Regressions between elemental concentrations and concentrations associated with ... [more ▼]

The surface chemical composition of nine strains of Bacillus subtilis was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Regressions between elemental concentrations and concentrations associated with different components of C1s, N1s, and O1s peaks provided a more precise validation of the procedure used for peak decomposition and allowed the assignment of the peak components to be completed or strengthened. The component of the O1s peak appearing around 531.2 eV was shown to contain a contribution of oxygen from phosphate groups (P=O, P–O−), the other contribution being due to oxygen involved in amide functions. The surface negative charge may be fully attributed to phosphate groups, despite the observation of two types of zeta potential vs pH curves. The strains exhibiting a sharp variation of the zeta potential (range of −35 to −55 mV) between pH 2 and 4.7 were characterized by a high phosphate surface concentration and by an excess (about 25%) of phosphate with respect to the sum of potassium, an exchangeable cation, and protonated nitrogen, attributed to protein or to alanine involved in teichoic acids. [less ▲]

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See detailHow can organic farming contribute to sustainable production and consumption patterns
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Mormont, Marc ULg; Jamar, Daniel et al

Report (2007)

A sustainable agricultural production chain (“from stable to table”) is not produced ex nihilo, especially when its future hinges on demand from a supermarket distribution circuit. Many of the standards ... [more ▼]

A sustainable agricultural production chain (“from stable to table”) is not produced ex nihilo, especially when its future hinges on demand from a supermarket distribution circuit. Many of the standards of conventional production chains effectively serve as references for intermediaries and consumers alike. The tensions between sustainability standards and market standards are thus the crucial areas in which negotiations about the chain’s future take place. These inextricably intertwined technical, social, and economic tensions are the subject of this research. These tensions create a situation of uncertainty, that is to say, of choices between pathways. They are both a springboard for action and the cause of inaction, depending on how they are interpreted. This exploration is what justified an intervention-research approach that combines restating questions and changing relations to explore the possible pathways to take [less ▲]

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See detailLa répétibilité en procédure pénale des honoraires et des frais d’avocat telle qu’elle est organisée par la loi du 21 avril 2007.
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (JLMB) (2007)

L'article s'attache à cerner les conséquences de la loi du 21 avril 2007 relative à la répétibilité des honoraires et des frais d’avocat en matière pénale.

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See detailEven attenuated bovine leukemia virus proviruses can be pathogenic in sheep.
Florins, Arnaud-Francois ULg; Gillet, Nicolas ULg; Boxus, Mathieu ULg et al

in Journal of virology (2007), 81(18), 10195-200

Based on a reverse genetics approach, we previously reported that bovine leukemia virus (BLV) mutants harboring deletions in the accessory R3 and G4 genes persist at very low proviral loads and are unable ... [more ▼]

Based on a reverse genetics approach, we previously reported that bovine leukemia virus (BLV) mutants harboring deletions in the accessory R3 and G4 genes persist at very low proviral loads and are unable to induce leukemia or lymphoma in sheep, indicating that these R3 and G4 gene sequences are required for pathogenesis. We now show that lymphoma can occur, albeit infrequently (1 case of 20) and after extended periods of latency (7 years). Direct sequencing and reinfection experiments demonstrated that lymphomagenesis was not due to the reversion of the mutant to the wild type. Similar observations with another type of attenuated mutant impaired in the transmembrane protein (TM) YXXL signaling motifs were made. We conclude that the R3 and G4 genes and the TM YXXL motifs are not strictly required for pathogenesis but that their integrity contributes to disease frequency and latency. [less ▲]

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See detailThyrotropin in newborn calves as a tool for diagnosing hypothyroidism
Guyot, Hugues ULg; Lebreton, Pascal; Alves de Oliveira, Laurent et al

in Cattle Practice (2007), 15(Part 3), 271-275

The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is of particular importance for the adaptation of mammals to their environment. Hypothyroidism is the most common type of thyroid disorders in cattle. Thyrotropin ... [more ▼]

The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis is of particular importance for the adaptation of mammals to their environment. Hypothyroidism is the most common type of thyroid disorders in cattle. Thyrotropin (TSH) is used in several mammalian species for the diagnosis of primary hypothyroidism. Currently in cattle, thyroid hormone assays are used to diagnose such disease. The aim of the study was to compare different tools for diagnosing hypothyroidism in newborn calves. Twelve goitrous newborn calves from two beef herds were studied as well as 45 healthy newborn calves. Bovine TSH, thyroxine (T4), tri-iodothyronine (T3), reverse-T3 (rT3), plasmatic inorganic iodine (PII) and glutathione peroxidase in erythrocytes (GPXe) were assayed in these calves during the first day of life. T4/T3 and T4/TSH ratio were calculated. Furthermore, TSH, T4, PII and GPXe were also assayed in their dams at calving. Results were analysed using Wilcoxon rank sum test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. A significant higher value (P < 0.01) of TSH was seen for the group of goitrous calves compared to healthy calves. There was no difference between healthy and goitrous calves for GPXe (P > 0.1) and PII (P > 0.05). Significantly higher values were seen for healthy calves compared to goitrous calves concerning T4, T4/T3 ratio, T4/TSH ratio, rT3 (P < 0.0 1) and T3 (P < 0.05). Regarding the group of goitrous calves, those that had larger goitre at palpation and were hairless (n=8) died within the first day of life while the four other with moderate goitre and normal hair stayed alive. Goitrous-dead calves had higher TSH values than goitrous-alive ones (P < 0.01), lower T4, T3, T4/TSH (P < 0.0 1) and rT3 (P < 0.05) but similar T4/T3 ratio (P > 0.1). Furthermore, it appeared that T4 and rT3 values in goitrous-alive calves were not different compared to healthy calves (P > 0.1). Regarding TSH (rho=0.44), T4 (rho=-0.44), PII (rho=0.70) and GPXe (rho=0.87), there was a correlation between healthy calves and their dams, with significantly higher values being found in the calves (P < 0.01). There was no correlation between values of TSH and T4 in goitrous calves and their dams (P > 0.1). However, for these animals there was a strong relationship in the values of PH (rho=0.82) and GPXe (rho=0.94) (P < 0.01). TSH, PII and GPXe were significantly higher in goitrous calves compared to their dams (P < 0.01). Regarding T4, only goitrous-dead calves showed significantly lower values than their dams (P < 0.01). Dams with goitrous calves had higher TSH (P < 0.01) and PII (P < 0.05) compared to dams with healthy calves but similar T4 and GPXe (P > 0.1). This study revealed that TSH alone is a good marker for hypothyroidism in newborn calves. In the absence of TSH assay, the T4/T3 ratio may be used to diagnose hypothyroidism in newborn calves. In our study, although T4/T3 ratio was helpful in identifying goitrous calves, it did not allow to discriminate goitrous-dead from goitrous-alive calves, contrary to TSH. In our study, the presence of a goitre in newborn calves could not be explained by the iodine (PII) and thyroid (via T4) status of their dams. [less ▲]

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See detailBenefits of an out-patient multidisciplinary rehabilitation program in the treatment of chronic low back pain
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; GROSDENT, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Abstract book of 6th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back & Pelvic Pain (2007)

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