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See detailTHE DIOXIN FUNCTION AS A USEFUL TOOL FOR ASSESSING DIOXIN LABORATORY PERFORMANCES IN PROFICIENCY TESTS
Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Van Cleuvenbergen, Rudy; Smastuen Haug, Line et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2007)

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See detailElectrophysiological and behavioral responses of the multicolored asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis pallas, to sesquiterpene semiochemicals
Verheggen, François ULg; Fagel, Quentin; Heuskin, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Journal of Chemical Ecology (2007), 33(11), 2148-2155

The role of two volatile sesquiterpenes, (E)-beta-farnesene and (-)-beta-caryophyllene, in the chemical ecology of the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas, was investigated by using ... [more ▼]

The role of two volatile sesquiterpenes, (E)-beta-farnesene and (-)-beta-caryophyllene, in the chemical ecology of the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas, was investigated by using both electrophysiological and behavioral techniques. (E)-beta-Farnesene is the major component of the alarm pheromone of most aphid species, which are preyed on by H. axyridis. (-)-beta-Caryophyllene was previously isolated from the headspace volatiles above overwintering and aggregated H. axyridis females. These sesquiterpenes elicited significant electroantennogram (EAG) activity from both H. axyridis male and female antennae. In a four-arm olfactometer, male and female H. axyridis were highly attracted toward (E)-beta-farnesene, whereas only males were attracted to (-)-beta-caryophyllene. In a bioassay technique that used a passively ventilated plastic box, both male and female H. axyridis aggregated in the (-)-beta-caryophyllene-treated side of the box. These results support the potential usefulness of (E)-beta-farnesene and (-)-beta-caryophyllene in push-pull strategies that use H. axyridis as a biological control agent in aphid-infested sites or to control this new urban pest in residential structures. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of alcohol precipitation and membrane filtration effects on sugar beet pulp pectin chemical features and surface properties
Yapo, B. M.; Wathelet, Bernard ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg

in Food Hydrocolloids (2007), 21(2), 245-255

Two different procedures, alcohol precipitation with washing (APW) and a 10 kD MWCO membrane ultrafiltration with diafiltration (UF-DF), for pectin recovering and purification from crude aqueous extracts ... [more ▼]

Two different procedures, alcohol precipitation with washing (APW) and a 10 kD MWCO membrane ultrafiltration with diafiltration (UF-DF), for pectin recovering and purification from crude aqueous extracts were investigated. The results showed that the yield, purity, chemical, and physicochemical features of isolated pectins depended upon the type of procedure used. The APW technique gave a higher pectin yield, and the isolated pectin contained more neutral sugars, more proteins, and more ash but less galacturonic acids than the 10 kD membrane UF-DF one. The weight-average molar mass of the APP was lower and its emulsifying properties slightly better than those of the UFPR10. Molar mass distribution of APP or UFPR10 showed two distinct pectin fractions peaks, which were separated in high-MW and low-MW pectin fractions using a 50kD MWCO membrane. The high-MW fractions exhibited poor emulsifying and emulsion stabilizing abilities whereas the low-MW fractions displayed a much higher emulsifying ability than the initial pectin fractions. Therefore, it was inferred that the ability of beet pectin to be an effective emulsifier and/or emulsion stabilizer was greatly dependent on its weight-average molar mass. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-predator defence mechanisms in sawfly larvae of Arge (Hymenoptera, Argidae)
Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Detrain, Claire; Boevé, Jean-Luc

in Journal of Insect Physiology (2007), 53

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See detailL'écrivain et son lecteur. Réflexion sur les limites d'une "générosité"
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Modernités (2007), (26), 211-220

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See detailPeut-on lutter contre l'échec scolaire ? (3e éd.)
Crahay, Marcel ULg

Book published by De Boeck (2007)

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See detailA Nested Model of the Cariaco Basin: Study of the Hydrography and Interactions with the Open Ocean
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Virmani, J. I. et al

Conference (2007)

The circulation of the Cariaco Basin (Venezuela) is modeled using the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) nested in the global 1/12 degree Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). The objective of this work ... [more ▼]

The circulation of the Cariaco Basin (Venezuela) is modeled using the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) nested in the global 1/12 degree Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). The objective of this work is to obtain a better understanding of the Cariaco Basin circulation by studying the processes that link the basin with the Caribbean Sea. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to model the circulation in the Cariaco Basin with a nested high resolution hydrodynamical model. In particular, we examined the interaction of the Cariaco Basin with the large-scale, open-ocean processes, as the westward Caribbean Current and the eastward subsurface counter-current flowing along the South America Caribbean coast. These two current systems connect the Cariaco Basin with the Caribbean Sea waters, and therefore are directly related to the ventilation of the basin. By studying the kinematics and dynamics of the Cariaco Basin we anticipate gaining a better understanding on how the past conditions affected the basin characteristics and hence the geological records obtained from the basin sediments. We will report on several years of observations from the continuous monitoring of currents within the basin, plus analyses of year-long model runs that provide a basin-wide, three-dimensional context for the circulation. [less ▲]

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See detailPhosphoinositide phosphatases in a network of signaling reactions
Blero, D.; Payrastre, B.; Schurmans, Stéphane ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2007), 455

Phosphoinositide phosphatases dephosphorylate the three positions (D-3, 4 and 5) of the inositol ring of the poly-phosphoinositides. They belong to different families of enzymes. The PtdIns(3,4)P(2) 4 ... [more ▼]

Phosphoinositide phosphatases dephosphorylate the three positions (D-3, 4 and 5) of the inositol ring of the poly-phosphoinositides. They belong to different families of enzymes. The PtdIns(3,4)P(2) 4-phosphatase family, the tumour suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), SAC1 domain phosphatases and myotubularins belong to the tyrosine protein phosphatases superfamily. They share the presence of a conserved cysteine residue in the consensus CX(5)RT/S. Another family consists of the inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase isoenzymes. The importance of these phosphoinositide phosphatases in cell regulation is illustrated by multiple examples of their implications in human diseases such as Lowe syndrome, X-linked myotubular myopathy, cancer, diabetes or bacterial infection [less ▲]

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See detailSeparate And Combined Disruptions Of Two Exo-Beta-1,3-Glucanase Genes Decrease The Efficiency Of Pichia Anomala (Strain K) Biocontrol Against Botrytis Cinerea On Apple
Friel, D.; Pessoa, Nmg.; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg et al

in Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions [=MPMI] (2007), 20(4), 371-379

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See detailL’entrepreneuriat féminin: Des trajectoires de mobilité
Constantinidis, Christina ULg

in Gavray, Claire (Ed.) Femmes et Mobilités (2007)

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See detailCarbon dioxide dynamics in the tropical Ebrié lagoon (Ivory Coast)
Koné, Y. J. M.; Delille, Bruno ULg; Borges, Alberto ULg

Poster (2007)

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See detailCadaveric liver transplantation for non-acetaminophen fulminant hepatic failure: A 20-year experience
Detry, Olivier ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Coimbra Marques, Carla ULg et al

in World Journal of Gastroenterology (2007), 13(9), 1427-1430

AIM: To investigate the long-term results of liver transplantation (LT) for non-acetaminophen fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). METHODS: Over a 20-year period, 29 FHF patients underwent cadaveric whole LT ... [more ▼]

AIM: To investigate the long-term results of liver transplantation (LT) for non-acetaminophen fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). METHODS: Over a 20-year period, 29 FHF patients underwent cadaveric whole LT. Most frequent causes of FHF were hepatitis B virus and drug-related (not acetaminophen) liver failure. All surviving patients were regularly controlled at the out-patient clinic and none was lost to follow-up. Mean follow-up was 101 mo. RESULTS: One month, one-, five- and ten-year patient survival was 79%, 72%, 68% and 68%, respectively. One month, one-, five- and ten-year graft survival was 69%, 65%, 51% and 38%, respectively. Six patients needed early (< 2 mo) retransplantation, four for primary non-function, one for early acute refractory rejection because of ABO blood group incompatibility, and one for a malignant tumor found in the donor. Two patients with hepatitis B FHF developed cerebral lesions peri-transplantion: One developed irreversible and extensive brain damage leading to death, and one suffered from deep deficits leading to continuous medical care in a specialized institution. CONCLUSION: Long-term outcome of patients transplanted for non-acetaminophen FHF may be excellent. As the quality of life of these patients is also particularly good, LT for FHF is clearly justified, despite lower graft survival compared with LT for other liver diseases. (C) 2007 The WJG Press. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine herpesvirus 1 infection and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Muylkens, Benoît ULg; Thiry, Julien ULg; Kirten, P. et al

in Veterinary Research (2007), 38(2), 181-209

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), classified as an alphaherpesvirus, is a major pathogen of cattle. Primary infection is accompanied by various clinical manifestations such as infectious bovine ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), classified as an alphaherpesvirus, is a major pathogen of cattle. Primary infection is accompanied by various clinical manifestations such as infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, abortion, infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, and systemic infection in neonates. When animals survive, a life-long latent infection is established in nervous sensory ganglia. Several reactivation stimuli can lead to viral re-excretion, which is responsible for the maintenance of BoHV-1 within a cattle herd. This paper focuses on an updated pathogenesis based on a molecular characterization of BoHV-1 and the description of the virus cycle. Special emphasis is accorded to the impact of the latency and reactivation cycle on the epidemiology and the control of BoHV-1. Several European countries have initiated BoHV-1 eradication schemes because of the significant losses incurred by disease and trading restrictions. The vaccines used against BoHV-1 are described in this context where the differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals is of critical importance to achieve BoHV-1 eradication. [less ▲]

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See detailLes céréales dans le monde : besoin, production, flux
Burny, Philippe ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2007)

Présentation de tableaux et figures relatifs aux statistiques concernant la superficie, le rendement, la production, le nombre d'exploitations, le commerce extérieur, le taux d'auto-approvisionnement, les ... [more ▼]

Présentation de tableaux et figures relatifs aux statistiques concernant la superficie, le rendement, la production, le nombre d'exploitations, le commerce extérieur, le taux d'auto-approvisionnement, les utilisations des céréales en Belgique. Présentation des chiffres principaux relatifs aux céréales dans le monde et dans l'Union européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailBloodless cadaveric liver transplantation: Experience with Jehovah's witness recipients
Detry, Olivier ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Coimbra Marques, Carla ULg et al

in Journal of Hepatology (2007), 46(Suppl. 1), 67

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See detailExploring the synergy between promoting active participation in work and in society and social, health and long-term care strategies
Grammenos, S.; Atta, C.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg et al

Report (2007)

The purpose of this study is to provide information that can help the Commission and EU Member States engage in policy discussion on how social, health and long-term care systems can help enhance ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to provide information that can help the Commission and EU Member States engage in policy discussion on how social, health and long-term care systems can help enhance participation in work and family, social and community activities and how, in turn, participation in paid employment, family, social and community activities can contribute to healthy and autonomous living at present and in the future. Part I presents a review of the literature on the synergy between health and activity/work. Health affects work and social participation but on the other side work and activity affect health. We focus on people aged 55 and over as this interrelation (double causality) seems to be significant for important life events (retirement decision, social participation, etc.) of this age group. Part II presents a quantitative analysis and tries to identify national specificities. It presents the lessons which we can draw from European surveys. It presents a quantitative analysis based on the LFS, the EU-SILC, the ECHP UDB and SHARE surveys. The fourth step summarises national policies and gives a comparative analysis, while the fifth step presents the best practices. Finally, the last part summarises the main conclusions and the policy implications. [less ▲]

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See detailLes performances des organisations africaines. Pratiques de gestion en contexte incertain
Nizet, Jean; Pichault, François ULg

Book published by L'Harmattan - postface de Pierre Louart (2007)

Les organisations africaines seraient peu performantes. Leurs dirigeants seraient mal formés, ils seraient marqués par une mentalité traditionnelle peu conciliable avec la modernité managériale et la ... [more ▼]

Les organisations africaines seraient peu performantes. Leurs dirigeants seraient mal formés, ils seraient marqués par une mentalité traditionnelle peu conciliable avec la modernité managériale et la recherche de la rentabilité, etc. Les auteurs de l’ouvrage ont voulu déconstruire ce cliché. Dans une quinzaine de contributions qui se réfèrent à des approches disciplinaires variées (anthropologie, économie, sociologie, gestion), ils analysent de près les spécificités des entreprises d’Afrique sub-saharienne (leur ancrage familial et communautaire, l’incidence qu’ont sur elles les croyances magico-religieuses, etc.) et ils explorent l’apport d’outils de gestion tantôt inspirés des traditions locales (tontine d’entreprise, conseil des sages, etc.), tantôt importés de l’Occident (qualité totale, externalisation, etc.). Il en ressort une image contrastée des facteurs contribuant à la performance des organisations africaines ainsi que des pistes susceptibles de l’améliorer de façon durable. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of controlled immediate loading and implant design on peri-implant bone formation.
Vandamme, Katleen; Naert, Ignace; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Periodontology (2007), 34(2), 172-81

AIM: Tissue formation at the implant interface is known to be sensitive to mechanical stimuli. The aim of the study was to compare the bone formation around immediately loaded versus unloaded implants in ... [more ▼]

AIM: Tissue formation at the implant interface is known to be sensitive to mechanical stimuli. The aim of the study was to compare the bone formation around immediately loaded versus unloaded implants in two different implant macro-designs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A repeated sampling bone chamber with a central implant was installed in the tibia of 10 rabbits. Highly controlled loading experiments were designed for a cylindrical (CL) and screw-shaped (SL) implant, while the unloaded screw-shaped (SU) implant served as a control. An F-statistic model with alpha=5% determined statistical significance. RESULTS: A significantly higher bone area fraction was observed for SL compared with SU (p<0.0001). The mineralized bone fraction was the highest for SL and significantly different from SU (p<0.0001). The chance that osteoid- and bone-to-implant contact occurred was the highest for SL and significantly different from SU (p<0.0001), but not from CL. When bone-to-implant contact was observed, a loading (SL versus SU: p=0.0049) as well as an implant geometry effect (SL versus CL: p=0.01) was found, in favour of the SL condition. CONCLUSIONS: Well-controlled immediate implant loading accelerates tissue mineralization at the interface. Adequate bone stimulation via mechanical coupling may account for the larger bone response around the screw-type implant compared with the cylindrical implant. [less ▲]

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