References of "2007"
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See detailMacronutrient composition of three cucurbit species cultivated for seed consumption in Côte d'Ivoire
Loukou, A. L.; Gnakri, D.; Djè, Y. et al

in African Journal of Biotechnology (2007), 6(5), 529-533

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See detailForward models for EEG
Phillips, Christophe ULg; Mattout, Jérémie; Friston, Karl

in Friston, Karl; Ashburner, John; Kiebel, Stefan (Eds.) et al Statistical Parametric Mapping: the analysis of functional brain images (2007)

The book Statistical Parametric Mapping: The Analysis of Functional Brain Images (2007) provides the background and methodology for the analysis of all types of brain imaging data, from functional ... [more ▼]

The book Statistical Parametric Mapping: The Analysis of Functional Brain Images (2007) provides the background and methodology for the analysis of all types of brain imaging data, from functional magnetic resonance imaging to magnetoencephalography. Critically, "Statistical Parametric Mapping" provides a widely accepted conceptual framework which allows treatment of all these different modalities. The book takes the reader from the basic concepts underlying the analysis of neuroimaging data to cutting edge approaches that would be difficult to find in any other source. The material is presented in an incremental way so that the reader can understand the precedents for each new development. This book will be particularly useful to neuroscientists engaged in any form of brain mapping; who have to contend with the real-world problems of data analysis and understanding the techniques they are using. It is primarily a scientific treatment and a didactic introduction to the analysis of brain imaging data. It can be used as both a textbook for students and scientists starting to use the techniques, as well as a reference for practicing neuroscientists. [less ▲]

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See detailWhole body vibration in the treatment of fibromyalgia: Influence on muscle performances
Maquet, Didier ULg; Helene, Loic; Demoulin, Christophe ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

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See detailOptimization of superconducting critical parameters by tuning the size and magnetization of arrays of magnetic dots
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Gillijns, W.; Milosevic, M. V. et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2007), 76(10),

We investigate the nucleation of superconductivity in an Al film deposited on top of an array of micromagnets with perpendicular anisotropy by dc transport measurements. The absolute control of the ... [more ▼]

We investigate the nucleation of superconductivity in an Al film deposited on top of an array of micromagnets with perpendicular anisotropy by dc transport measurements. The absolute control of the magnetic state of the ferromagnets enabled us to explore the superconductor-normal-metal phase boundary as a function of the magnetization M of the dots. For a given external homogeneous field H, the magnetization of the dots can be tuned in such a way to optimize the field and current compensation in the sample, thus yielding a clear enhancement of the upper critical field H-c2. In addition, we theoretically demonstrate that the critical current I-c for a given temperature could be further enhanced by properly adjusting the size of the magnetic dots. These results are fully corroborated by the Ginzburg-Landau theory as well as analytic estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailComposition of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. rich essential oils from Cameroon and identification of a minor diterpene: ent-13-epi manoyl oxide.
Noudjou, Félicité; Kouninki, Habiba; Hance, Thierry et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2007), 11(3), 193-199

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See detailSmall-scale spatial associations between Artemisia frigida and Potentilla acaulis at zero, light, medium and heavy grazing intensities with sheep.
Liu, Z.; Li, Z.; Dong, M. et al

in Applied Vegetation Science (2007), 10(1), 139-148

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See detailMultivariate reconstruction of missing data in sea surface temperature, chlorophyll, and wind satellite fields
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans (2007), 112(C3), 03008

An empirical orthogonal function–based technique called Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions (DINEOF) is used in a multivariate approach to reconstruct missing data. Sea surface temperature ... [more ▼]

An empirical orthogonal function–based technique called Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions (DINEOF) is used in a multivariate approach to reconstruct missing data. Sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll a concentration, and QuikSCAT winds are used to assess the benefit of a multivariate reconstruction. In particular, the combination of SST plus chlorophyll, SST plus lagged SST plus chlorophyll, and SST plus lagged winds have been studied. To assess the quality of the reconstructions, the reconstructed SST and winds have been compared to in situ data. The combination of SST plus chlorophyll, as well as SST plus lagged SST plus chlorophyll, significantly improves the results obtained by the reconstruction of SST alone. All the experiments correctly represent the SST, and an upwelling/downwelling event in the West Florida Shelf reproduced by the reconstructed data is studied. [less ▲]

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See detailRiti indicibili. La parola e l’abominio fra Baccanti e Heart of Darkness
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Beltrametti, Anna (Ed.) Studi e materiali per le Baccanti di Euripide. Storia Memorie Spettacoli (2007)

A study of the influence of Euripides' Bacchae on the narrative structure and the cultural world of Joseph Conrad's novel Heart of Darkness

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See detailActualites therapeutiques en pneumologie
Louis, Renaud ULg; Bosquee, Léon ULg; DUYSINX, Bernard ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6, May-Jun), 288-92

We review what we think to be the major advances in the field of respiratory medicine over the last ten years. We concentrate here on four major diseases i.e. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... [more ▼]

We review what we think to be the major advances in the field of respiratory medicine over the last ten years. We concentrate here on four major diseases i.e. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer and chronic respiratory insufficiency due to restrictive disorders. Therapeutic advances are based either on new drugs or on new disease management concepts and, in some cases, on new medical devices. These advances have allowed a reduction in mortality and morbidity in aforementioned diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailHow does the age of hoverfly females affect their reproduction?
Almohamad, Raki; Verheggen, François ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2007), 72(3),

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See detailDevelopment of atherosclerosis for the vascular surgeon.
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg

in Liapis, C. D. (Ed.) European Manual of Medicine (2007)

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See detailQuantum-confinement effects in InAs-InP core-shell nanowires
Zanolli, Zeila ULg; Pistol, Mats-Eric; Froberg, Linus E et al

in Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter (2007), 19(29),

We report the detection of quantum confinement in single InAs–InP core–shell nanowires. The wires, having an InAs core with ~25 nm diameter, are characterized by emission spectra in which two peaks are ... [more ▼]

We report the detection of quantum confinement in single InAs–InP core–shell nanowires. The wires, having an InAs core with ~25 nm diameter, are characterized by emission spectra in which two peaks are identified under high excitation intensity conditions. The peaks are caused by emission from the ground and excited quantized levels, due to quantum confinement in the plane perpendicular to the nanowire axis. We have identified different energy contributions in the emission spectra, related to the wurtzite structure of the wires, the strain between the wurtzite core and the shell, and the confinement energy of the InAs core. Calculations based on six-band strain-dependent theory allow the theoretical estimation of the confined energy states in such materials, and we found these results to be in good agreement with those from the photoluminescence studies. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevention of hip fractures in osteoporosis
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica (2007), 58(5), 423-437

Hip fracture is the major clinical consequence of osteoporosis. It is linked with decreased life expectancy and quality of life, placing an ever increasing burden on health services. Few medications have ... [more ▼]

Hip fracture is the major clinical consequence of osteoporosis. It is linked with decreased life expectancy and quality of life, placing an ever increasing burden on health services. Few medications have unequivocally demonstrated their ability to reduce hip fracture risk in osteoporotic subjects. Daily alendronate and risedronate reduce hip fracture in patients with low bone mineral density and prevalent vertebral fractures. Intravenous bisphosphonates have been developed, in response to long-term poor adherence to oral anti-osteoporotic treatments. Once-yearly zoledronic acid reduces fracture rates at the spine, non-spine and hip locations. Strontium ranelate, the first drug to uncouple bone formation from bone resorption has also demonstrated its ability to reduce hip fractures in patients above 74 years old, with prevalent low bone mineral density. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation are prerequisite for the management of elderly subjects and should always been associated to anti-resorptive or bone forming agents. Non-pharmacological management of osteoporosis is recommended cannot be considered a substitute for pharmacological treatment of osteoporosis, not even in old age. [less ▲]

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See detailClinique du sujet et hyperspécialisation du soin en hôpital de jour: quand la réalité dépasse la fiction
Massart, Nicolas ULg; Conraads, Valérie; Argento, Gino et al

in Revue des Hôpitaux de Jour Psychiatriques et des Thérapies Institutionnelles (2007), 9

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See detailPhase I/IIclinical trial of local GM-CSF application in patients with cervical HPV-associated low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions
Hubert, Pascale ULg; Doyen, Jean ULg; Chapelle, X. et al

Conference (2007)

Background: Quantitative and functional alterations of professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) in SIL suggest that these lesions may have a diminished capacity to capture viral antigens. Moreover, GM ... [more ▼]

Background: Quantitative and functional alterations of professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) in SIL suggest that these lesions may have a diminished capacity to capture viral antigens. Moreover, GM-CSF (whose production is decreased in HPV-transformed keratinocytes) is an essential factor for the migration of APC in cervical (pre)neoplastic lesions formed in vitro and transplanted in vivo on mouse. In this study we performed a phase I/II clinical trial in order to determine whether a local application of GM-CSF on cervical low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) might increase the recruitment of APC into the epithelium and indirectly the viral antigen presentation to the immune system. Methods: Fifteen patients with LSIL (10 GM-CSF and 5 placebo) were enrolled in this study. Patients received 4 GM-CSF applications (or placebo gel) and were followed during 6-7 months. APC infiltration was quantified by immunostaining with anti-CD1a mAb. Cellular immune response was evaluated by using an IFN-gamma intracellular staining on PBMC stimulated in vitro with the E7 HPV16 protein and L1 HPV16 Virus-like particles (VLP). Hybrid capture was performed to semi-quantify the viral DNA in cervical brush specimens. Results: GM-CSF applications were well tolerated in all patients. No difference in the cytological/histological and viral parameters assessed at 2 and 6 months after the last application was observed between the GM-CSF and the placebo group. An increased number of CD1a+ APC was observed in 6/10 patients treated by GM-CSF compared to 1/5 patient in the placebo group. There was an increased immune response against HPV in the GM-CSF group showed by NK and T cells producing IFN-gamma. [less ▲]

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See detailCharge de la preuve et théorie du contrôle en droit communautaire de la concurrence : pour un changement de perspective
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg; Barbier de La Serre, Eric

in Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Européen (2007), (2), 205-252

Many authors have pointed to a lack of clarity in the existing case law of EC courts in the field of competition law regarding the allocation of the burden of proof, as well as the determination of the ... [more ▼]

Many authors have pointed to a lack of clarity in the existing case law of EC courts in the field of competition law regarding the allocation of the burden of proof, as well as the determination of the standard of proof. This article attempts to clarify the concepts underlying these questions, bearing in mind that the Court reasons in more than one language. It consists in three sections. The first section is of a theoretical nature. It shows how questions regarding the allocation of the burden of proof and judicial control are conceptualised differently in different legal traditions. It also attempts to clarify the notions of burden of proof, standard of proof and standard of control. With regard to these notions, as is often the case, EC case law appears to be a melting pot of different legal traditions. It is thus shown that notions originating both in the common law and in the civil law tradition are useful to understand EC case law in relation to the issues of proof and control. The second section is more descriptive. It states the current law and illustrates with examples from court cases the usefulness of the various notions defined in the first section. It leads to the conclusion that the common law notions of standard of proof and standard of control are not sufficient to understand the intensity of control applied by Community courts over Commission’s decisions. The third section proposes another description of judicial control, based on the notions of “scenario” (depicting the economic story line adduced by the Commission to account for anticompetitive effect) and “economic normality”, as perceived by judges. [less ▲]

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See detailIonospheric and geomagnetic conditions during periods of degraded GPS position accuracy : 2. RTK events during disturbed and quiet geomagnetic conditions
Warnant, René ULg; Kutiev, Ivan; Marinov, Pencho et al

in Advances in Space Research (2007), 39(5), 881-888

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See detailLe syndrome Piro-like chez le cheval
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Pittel, PH; Amory, Hélène ULg

in Proceedins of the 24th Annual Congress of the Belgian Equine Practitioners Society (BEPS) (2007)

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