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See detailAnalysis of 4495 canine and feline uroliths in the Benelux. A retrospective study: 1994-2004.
Picavet, Philippe; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Verschuren, Stephan et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (2007), 91(5-6), 247-51

From 1994 to 2004, Hill's Pet Nutrition received 4495 canine (65%) and feline (35%) uroliths from Benelux veterinary practitioners. They were sent to the Minnesota Urolith Center, USA for analysis. In ... [more ▼]

From 1994 to 2004, Hill's Pet Nutrition received 4495 canine (65%) and feline (35%) uroliths from Benelux veterinary practitioners. They were sent to the Minnesota Urolith Center, USA for analysis. In 1994, 110 uroliths were analysed - 85% from dogs - and in 2003, 1067 uroliths were analysed - 59% from dogs. During this period, substantial changes were observed in composition. In 1994, 77% of the cats had uroliths composed of struvite, and 12% had uroliths composed of calcium oxalate. In 2003, feline uroliths were composed of 32% struvite, and 61% calcium oxalate. The same evolution was observed in the dogs. In 1994, 51% of canine uroliths were composed of struvite, and 33% of calcium oxalate. In 2003, 40% had struvite uroliths, and 46% had calcium oxalate uroliths. A significant effect of the size, the breed, and the gender were noticed in the dogs. The mean age of uroliths appearance was 7.3 years in the dogs and 7.2 years in the cats. The findings are similar to those previously published in the USA. [less ▲]

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See detailLa veracidad de la literatura
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg

in López Arnal, Salvador; Vázquez Álvarez, Iñaki (Eds.) El legado de un maestro (2007)

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See detailStructure modification in osteoarthritis
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in European Musculoskeletal Review (2007)

For decades, the traditional pharmacological management of osteoarthritis (OA) has been mainly symptomatic, despite a lack of evidence of its influence on the duration of the disease and its progression ... [more ▼]

For decades, the traditional pharmacological management of osteoarthritis (OA) has been mainly symptomatic, despite a lack of evidence of its influence on the duration of the disease and its progression. However, in recent years several sets of guidelines, recommendations or points to consider have been issued by regulatory authorities or scientific groups regarding requirements for the registration of drugs to be used in the treatment of OA. The ideal outcomes currently include pain and function assessment for symptom-modifying drugs, and joint-space narrowing (JSN) assessed by plain radiography for structure-modifying compounds. Taking advantage of these more precise recommendations, several chemical entities have been carefully investigated for the management of OA. This article provides a summary of the available evidence demonstrating that some compounds can effectively interfere with the structural progression of the disease. Avocado/Soybean Unsaponifiables The unsaponifiable part of avocado (A) and soybean (S) oils (ASU) mixed in a ratio of 1:2 (A1:S2) has been investigated in the treatment of connective tissues, including in OA, for several years. A pilot randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with follow-up over two years failed to demonstrate a structural effect of ASU in 163 patients with painful hip OA.1 However, in a post hoc analysis a significant difference was detected in the subgroup with a baseline joint-space width (JSW) smaller than 2.45mm: joint space loss was halved in the treated group (-0.43±0.51mm) compared with the placebo group (-0.86±0.62mm; p=0.01). This finding suggests that ASU may have a structure-modifying effect in patients with severe hip OA. Chondroitine Sulphate Chondroitine sulphate (CS) is a major component of the extra-cellular matrix from many connective tissues, including – but not limited to – cartilage, bone, skin, ligaments and tendons. In the articular cartilage, the high content of CS in the aggrecan plays a major role in creating considerable osmotic swelling pressure, which expands the matrix and places the collagen network under tension. In a pilot double-blind study, JSW measurement on digitalised radiographs of the extended knees was used to compare the effects of CS 800mg/day and a placebo in patients with knee OA.2 There were 23 patients in each group. After one year, JSW was unchanged in the treated group but had decreased by 0.4mm in the placebo group (p<0.005). No significant difference was found for JSW at the narrowest site. The small number of patients for whom end-point values were available (12 in the placebo group and 14 in the CS group) limits the relevance of the results. Another study randomised a total of 120 patients with symptomatic knee OA into two groups receiving either 800mg CS or placebo per day for two periods of three months during one year.3 Radiological progression was assessed as a secondary outcome by automatic measurement of medial femoro-tibial JSW on weight-bearing X-rays of both knees. Radiological progression at month 12 showed significantly decreased JSW in the placebo group, with no change in the CS group. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphology of the stifle menisci in dogs: preliminary study
De Busscher, Virginie; Letesson, Julien; Busoni, Valeria ULg et al

in Slovenian Veterinary Research (2007), 44

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See detailIntroduction du catalogue de l'exposition Acquisitions des Collections artistiques de l’Université de Liège 1998-2006. Peintures, dessins…
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Catalogue de l'exposition Acquisitions des Collections artistiques de l’Université de Liège 1998-2006. Peintures, dessins… (2007)

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See detailLa lettre de Belgique
Biquet, Christine ULg; Lecocq, Pascale ULg; Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg

in Revue Juridique Themis (La) (2007), 41

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See detailLe théâtre italien en avant-poste
Delhalle, Nancy ULg

in Alternatives Théâtrales (2007)

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See detailLa voie royale. Deux siècles de contribution wallonne à l’art en France
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Carpeaux, Carole (Ed.) Les Wallons à Versaille (2007)

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See detailSperm quality and cryopreservation in Perca fluviatilis
Linhart, Ottomar; Alavi Hadi, S. M.; Rodina, M. et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailLe Jardin Botanique National de Belgique doit rester l’outil de tous
Jacquemart, Anne-Laure; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg et al

Article for general public (2007)

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See detail"Le fonds africain de l’Université de Liège. Introduction historique" dans le catalogue de l’exposition Léopoldville-Liège. Liège-Kinshasa
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Catalogue de l’exposition Léopoldville-Liège. Liège-Kinshasa (2007)

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See detailA Palaeolithic site at Wadi Bili in the Red Sea Mountains, Egypt
Vermeersch, Pierre M.; Van Peer, Philip; Van Neer, Wim et al

in Bicho, Nuno F. (Ed.) From the Mediterranean Basin to the Portugese Atlantic Shore: Papers in Honor of Anthony Marks (2007)

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See detailPartenariat F.N.P.S.M.S. - ULg / Rapport d'activité ULg 2006
Périlleux, Claire ULg; Van Kerkoven, Fabrizio; Jennès, Nicolas

Report (2007)

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See detailActualites neurochirurgicales dans le traitement des tumeurs cerebrales
Robe, Pierre ULg; Martin, Didier ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6, May-Jun), 405-409

Neuronavigation is a tool for image guidance surgery. Based on the principle of the GPS, it is notably used for the ablation of brain tumors. Because of their millimetre precision, neuronavigation devices ... [more ▼]

Neuronavigation is a tool for image guidance surgery. Based on the principle of the GPS, it is notably used for the ablation of brain tumors. Because of their millimetre precision, neuronavigation devices bring more safety and effectiveness due to the ever increasing performances of medical imaging. However, neuronavigation presents a major pitfall as it uses a static support (the images acquired preoperatively) to perform a dynamic process (the surgical ablation). To preserve the performance of neuronavigation, it is mandatory to update the images during surgery. This is now achievable by interventional MRI, intra-operative ultrasound and the incorporation of fluorescent tracers by the tumor cells. These major tools, now available at Sart Tilman University Hospital of combined with state-of-the-art chemotherapy, radiotherapy and experimental protocols (including gene therapy) will undoubtedly improve the prognosis of brain tumors. [less ▲]

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See detailLe syndrome d'Ehlers-Danlos. Qu'y a-t-il sous la pointe émergée de l'iceberg?
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Blaise, Géraldine; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Dermatologie Actualité (2007), 105

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See detailDeciphering the record of early life in Precambrian oceans using combined microscopy and microchemistry of organic-walled microfossils.
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Marshall, C. P.

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2007), 71(15), 442

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See detailLe moine Léonard de Saint-Jacques (+ 1401) et son oeuvre médicale
Xhayet, Geneviève ULg

in Actes des VIIe Congrès de l’Association des Cercles francophones d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de Belgique et LIVe Congrès de la Fédération des Cercles d’Archéologie et d’Histoire de Belgique. Congrès d'Ottignies – Louvain-la-Neuve, 26-28 août 2004, tome I (2007)

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