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See detailN-heterocyclic carbene ruthenium complexes: Synthesis and catalytic properties
Dragutan, Ileana; Dragutan, Valerian; Delaude, Lionel ULg et al

in Revue Roumaine de Chimie (2007), 52(11), 1013-1025

Synthesis of imidazol(in)-2-ylidene ruthenium complexes relevant for metathesis and related catalytic processes is described. As an attractive alternative of importance for practical applications, the in ... [more ▼]

Synthesis of imidazol(in)-2-ylidene ruthenium complexes relevant for metathesis and related catalytic processes is described. As an attractive alternative of importance for practical applications, the in situ generation of new NHC ruthenium precatalysts, starting from the easily accessible imidazolium and imidazolinium salts, ruthenium dimer [RuCl2(p-cymene)](2) and a base, is reported in detail. The new NHC family of ruthenium complexes offers great promise as metathesis precatalysts enjoying a wide application profile in organic and polymer synthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailLe primat de l’imaginaire sur le symbolique dans l’anthropologie de Maurice Godelier
Melice, Anne ULg

in Denooz, Joseph; Dortu, Véronique; Steinmetz, Rudy (Eds.) Mosaïques. Hommages à Pierre Somville (2007)

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See detailChronic Toxicity Of Essential Oils Of 3 Local Aromatic Plants Towards Sitophilus Zeamais Motsch (Coleoptera : Curculionidae)
Ngamo, Tinkeu L.S.; Goudoum, A.; Ngassoum, Martin B. et al

in African Journal of Agricultural Research (2007), 2(4), 164-167

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See detailPirandello far from Nature?: A reading of I vecchi e i giovani Focusing on Landscape
de Seta, Ilaria ULg

in Pirandello Studies (2007), 27

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See detailBiodegradable Microparticles with Immobilized Peptide for Wound Healing Biochemistry
Stashevskaya, K.S.; Markvicheva, E.; Strukova, S.M. et al

in Biochemistry (Moscow). Supplement. Series B, Biomedical Chemistry (2007), 1(2), 147-154

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See detailAn unusual cell type of the auditory organ during neonatal development: the inner pillar cells
Thelen, Nicolas ULg; Breuskin, I; Malgrange, B et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailLes mots du corps : une ethnographie des émotions des soignants en cancérologie
Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël ULg

in ethnographiques.org (2007), 14

In a gynecological cancer unit, nurses and care assistants work together in treating their patients with a « global approach to the person ». Such an approach implies that the tumor, the body, the ... [more ▼]

In a gynecological cancer unit, nurses and care assistants work together in treating their patients with a « global approach to the person ». Such an approach implies that the tumor, the body, the physical appearances, and the emotional well-being of each patient are all considered at the time of treatment. As such, they pay close attention to their patients' personal views and emotions which are expressed to them both verbally and physically. Through their presence, their availability and their knowledge of this incurable disease, the nursing staff has a privileged relationship with their patients. In this regard, their continued treatment of cancer patients takes a toll on their emotions, which they speak about to each other and note in the patient's file. In this paper, through an ethnography of narratives and through my personal observations of care practices, I will be analyzing both the patients' and nursing staff's sharing of emotions as well as the way in which they are expressed and communicated. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased Inflammation Delays Wound Healing in Mice Deficient in Collagenase-2 (MMP-8)
Gutierrez-Fernandez, A.; Inada, M.; Balbin, M. et al

in FASEB Journal (2007), 21(10), 2580-91

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in numerous tissue-remodeling processes. The finding that mice deficient in collagenase-2 (MMP-8) are more susceptible to develop skin cancer ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in numerous tissue-remodeling processes. The finding that mice deficient in collagenase-2 (MMP-8) are more susceptible to develop skin cancer, prompted us to investigate the role of this protease in cutaneous wound healing. We have observed a significant delay in wound closure in MMP8-/- mice and an altered inflammatory response in their wounds, with a delay of neutrophil infiltration during the first days and a persistent inflammation at later time points. These changes were accompanied by alterations in the TGF-beta1 signaling pathway and by an apoptosis defect in MMP8-/- mice. The delay in wound healing observed in MMP8-/- mice was rescued by bone marrow transplantation from wild-type mice. Analysis of other MMPs showed that MMP8-/- mice had a significant increase in the expression of MMP-9, suggesting that both proteases might act coordinately in this process. This possibility was further supported by the novel finding that MMP-8 and MMP-9 form specific complexes in vivo. Taken together, these data indicate that MMP-8 participates in wound repair by contributing to the resolution of inflammation and open the possibility to develop new strategies for treating wound healing defects. [less ▲]

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See detailMiddle Devonian (Givetian) megaspores from Belgium (Ronquières) and Libya (A1-69 borehole)
De Ville de Goyet, F.; Breuer, P.; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg et al

in Carnets de Géologie = Notebooks on Geology (2007), CG2007(M01/02), 68-73

Preliminary results are presented on newly discovered megaspore assemblages recovered from Givetian localities at Ronquières, Belgium, and a borehole (A1-69) drilled in the Ghadames Basin, Libya, by SHELL ... [more ▼]

Preliminary results are presented on newly discovered megaspore assemblages recovered from Givetian localities at Ronquières, Belgium, and a borehole (A1-69) drilled in the Ghadames Basin, Libya, by SHELL in 1959. The miospore biostratigraphy of the Ronquières and of A1-69 borehole sections has been published (Ville de Goyet, 2005; Gerrienne et alii, 2004; Loboziak & Streel, 1989; Loboziak et alii, 1992; Streel et alii, 1990). [less ▲]

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See detailVoltage rectification effects in mesoscopic superconducting triangles: Experiment and modeling
Schildermans, N.; Kolton, A. B.; Salenbien, R. et al

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2007), 76(22),

The interaction of externally applied currents with persistent currents induced by magnetic field in a mesoscopic triangle is investigated. As a consequence of the superposition of these currents, clear ... [more ▼]

The interaction of externally applied currents with persistent currents induced by magnetic field in a mesoscopic triangle is investigated. As a consequence of the superposition of these currents, clear voltage rectification effects are observed. We demonstrate that the amplitude of the rectified signal strongly depends on the configurations of the current leads with the lowest signal obtained when the contacts are aligned along a median of the triangle. When the contacts are aligned off centered compared to the geometrical center, the voltage response shows oscillations as a function of the applied field, whose sign can be controlled by shifting the contacts. These results are in full agreement with theoretical predictions for an analogous system consisting of a closed loop with a finite number of identical Josephson junctions. [less ▲]

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See detailGlacial–interglacial rain ratio changes: Implications for atmospheric CO2 and ocean–sediment interaction
Munhoven, Guy ULg

in Deep-Sea Research Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography (2007), 54(5-7), 722-746

A reduction of the carbonate-carbon to organic-carbon export rain ratio during glacial times has been advanced to explain the glacial–interglacial atmospheric CO2 variations. This hypothesis is tested and ... [more ▼]

A reduction of the carbonate-carbon to organic-carbon export rain ratio during glacial times has been advanced to explain the glacial–interglacial atmospheric CO2 variations. This hypothesis is tested and implications for the dynamics of sedimentary carbonate preservation and dissolution are explored with a multi-box model (MBM) of the ocean carbon cycle, fully coupled to a new transient early diagenesis model (called MEDUSA). A peak reduction of the rain ratio by 40% at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was found to produce a net atmospheric pCO2 reduction of about 40 ppm. Changing shelf carbonate accumulation rates and continental weathering inputs produced a 55–60 ppm reduction. The combination of the two mechanisms generates a pCO2 change of 90–95 ppm, which compares well with the observed data. However, the resulting model sedimentary record does not conform to actual sedimentary records. The changes related to continental shelf processes and variable weathering flux depress the calcite saturation horizon (CSH) by about 1 km at the LGM; if rain ratio variations are also considered, that depression increases by another km. In addition to this large amplitude for the CSH, possibly due to the adopted box-model approach, the changing rain ratio also leads to transition zone changes in the model sedimentary record that are opposite in phase with data-based reconstructions. Realistic changes in the aragonite fraction of the carbonate rain were found to have only a minimal impact on atmospheric pCO2. Finally, chemical erosion of deep-sea sediment was shown to reduce the amplitude of variation of the sedimentary CCD by about 10–20%. It may provide a mechanism to improve the model-data agreement. [less ▲]

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See detailBIANZO: biodiversity of three representative groups of the Antarctic Zoobenthos: comparative structure, distribution and fucntion
De Broyer, Claude; Vanreusel, Ann; Vanhove, Sandra et al

Report (2007)

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See detailGaseous emissions during the fattening of pigs kept either on fully slatted floor or on straw flow
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Canart, Bernard et al

in Animal (2007), 1(1), 1515-1523

The aim of this study was to compare the environmental impact of the straw-flow system for fattening pigs with the slatted-floor system by measuring pollutant gas emissions such as ammonia (NH3), nitrous ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to compare the environmental impact of the straw-flow system for fattening pigs with the slatted-floor system by measuring pollutant gas emissions such as ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), manure nitrogen (N) content and emissions of water vapour (H2O). Three successive batches of 32 pigs were fattened. For each batch, pigs were allotted to two groups raised in separated rooms fitted either with a concrete totally slatted-floor system (0.75 m(2) per pig) or with a straw-flow system (0.79 m(2) per pig). With this last system, pigs were kept on a sloped floor, straw being provided daily at the top of the pen. Throughout the fattening period, about 34.4 kg of straw were supplied per pig. The straw, mixed with dung, travelled down the slope by pig motion and went out of the pen to a scraped passage. The solid fraction was scraped every day, stored in a heap in the room and removed every month, 1 week before each period of gaseous emission measurement. The liquid fraction was automatically pumped from the scraped passage into a hermetic tank, which was emptied at the end of each fattening period. Rooms were ventilated mechanically in order to maintain a constant ambient temperature. Once a month, the emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and H2O were measured hourly for 6 consecutive days via infrared photoacoustic detection. Mean daily emissions per pig fattened on the slatted floor or on the sloped floor were, respectively, 4.98 and 13.31 g NH3, 0.67 and 0. 68 g N2O, 15.2 and 8.88 g CH4, 548 g and 406 g CO2 equivalents, 1.61 and 1.77 kg CO2 and 2.33 and 2.95 kg H2O. Except for N2O emissions, all the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.001). From the slatted-floor system, the amount of slurry removed per fattening period was on average 256 kg per pig. From the straw-flow system, solid manure amounted on average to 209 kg per pig and liquid manure to 53 kg per pig. The total N-content of the manure was 2.23 kg N per pig with the straw-flow system (solid and liquid manure) v. 3.26 kg N per pig for slurry from the slatted-floor system. This reduction of 30% observed with the sloped floor was mainly explained by the higher level of NH3-N emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymorphic miRNA-mediated gene regulation: contribution to phenotypic variation and disease.
Georges, Michel ULg; Coppieters, Wouter ULg; Charlier, Carole ULg

in Current opinion in genetics & development (2007), 17(3), 166-76

The expression of at least a third of mammalian genes is post-transcriptionally fine-tuned by approximately 1000 microRNAs (miRNAs), assisted by the RNA silencing machinery, comprising tens of components ... [more ▼]

The expression of at least a third of mammalian genes is post-transcriptionally fine-tuned by approximately 1000 microRNAs (miRNAs), assisted by the RNA silencing machinery, comprising tens of components. Polymorphisms and mutations in the corresponding sequence space (machinery, miRNA precursors and target sites) are likely to make a significant contribution to phenotypic variation, including disease susceptibility. Here we review basic miRNA biology in animals, survey the available evidence for DNA sequence polymorphisms affecting miRNA-mediated gene regulation and thus phenotype, and discuss their possible importance in the determination of complex traits. [less ▲]

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See detailPhase I/IIclinical trial of local GM-CSF application in patients with cervical HPV-associated low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions
Hubert, Pascale ULg; Doyen, Jean ULg; Chapelle, X. et al

Conference (2007)

Background: Quantitative and functional alterations of professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) in SIL suggest that these lesions may have a diminished capacity to capture viral antigens. Moreover, GM ... [more ▼]

Background: Quantitative and functional alterations of professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) in SIL suggest that these lesions may have a diminished capacity to capture viral antigens. Moreover, GM-CSF (whose production is decreased in HPV-transformed keratinocytes) is an essential factor for the migration of APC in cervical (pre)neoplastic lesions formed in vitro and transplanted in vivo on mouse. In this study we performed a phase I/II clinical trial in order to determine whether a local application of GM-CSF on cervical low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) might increase the recruitment of APC into the epithelium and indirectly the viral antigen presentation to the immune system. Methods: Fifteen patients with LSIL (10 GM-CSF and 5 placebo) were enrolled in this study. Patients received 4 GM-CSF applications (or placebo gel) and were followed during 6-7 months. APC infiltration was quantified by immunostaining with anti-CD1a mAb. Cellular immune response was evaluated by using an IFN-gamma intracellular staining on PBMC stimulated in vitro with the E7 HPV16 protein and L1 HPV16 Virus-like particles (VLP). Hybrid capture was performed to semi-quantify the viral DNA in cervical brush specimens. Results: GM-CSF applications were well tolerated in all patients. No difference in the cytological/histological and viral parameters assessed at 2 and 6 months after the last application was observed between the GM-CSF and the placebo group. An increased number of CD1a+ APC was observed in 6/10 patients treated by GM-CSF compared to 1/5 patient in the placebo group. There was an increased immune response against HPV in the GM-CSF group showed by NK and T cells producing IFN-gamma. [less ▲]

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See detailDetecting awareness in impaired states of consciousness
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Conference (2007)

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See detailA Reputation-Based Approach for Securing Vivaldi Embedding System
Saucez, Damien; Donnet, Benoît ULg; Bonaventure, Olivier

in 13th Conference on Dependable and Adaptable Networks and Services (2007)

Many large-scale Internet applications optimize their overlay network to reduce latencies. Embedding coordinate systems like Vivaldi are valuable tools for this new range of applications since they ... [more ▼]

Many large-scale Internet applications optimize their overlay network to reduce latencies. Embedding coordinate systems like Vivaldi are valuable tools for this new range of applications since they propose light-weight algorithms that permit to estimate the latency between any pair of nodes without having to contact them first. It has been recently demonstrated that coordinate systems in general and Vivaldi in particular are sensible to attacks. Typically, nodes can lie about their coordinate and distort the coordinate space. In this paper, we propose a formal reputation model to detect misbehaving nodes and propose a reputation adaptation of Vivaldi called RVivaldi. We evaluate the performance of RVivaldi using the King dataset and show that RVivaldi is less sensitive to malicious nodes than Vivaldi. [less ▲]

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