References of "2007"
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See detailFemmes et Livres
Bajomée, Danielle ULg; Dor, Juliette ULg; Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

Book published by L'Harmattan (2007)

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See detailOrigin of reversed vortex ratchet motion
Gillijns, W.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Moshchalkov, V. V. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2007), 99(24),

We experimentally demonstrate that the origin of multiply reversed rectified vortex motion in an asymmetric pinning landscape not only is a consequence of the vortex-vortex interactions but also ... [more ▼]

We experimentally demonstrate that the origin of multiply reversed rectified vortex motion in an asymmetric pinning landscape not only is a consequence of the vortex-vortex interactions but also essentially depends on the ratio between the characteristic interaction distance and the period of the asymmetric pinning potential. We study four samples with different periods d of the asymmetric potential. For large d the dc voltage V(dc) recorded under a ac excitation indicates that the average vortex drift is from bigger to smaller dots for all explored positive fields. As d is reduced, a series of sign reversals in the dc response are observed as a function of field. We show that the number of sign reversals increases as d decreases. These findings are in agreement with recent computer simulations and illustrate the relevance of the different characteristic lengths for the vortex rectification effects. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomass production in experimental grasslands of different species richness during three years of climate warming
de Boeck, H. J.; Lemmens, CMHM; Gielen, B. et al

in Biogeosciences Discussions (2007), 4

Here we report on the single and combined impacts of climate warming and species richness on the biomass production in experimental grassland communities. Projections of a future warmer climate have ... [more ▼]

Here we report on the single and combined impacts of climate warming and species richness on the biomass production in experimental grassland communities. Projections of a future warmer climate have stimulated studies on the response of terrestrial ecosystems to this global change. Experiments have likewise addressed the importance of species numbers for ecosystem functioning. There is, however, little knowledge on the interplay between warming and species richness. During three years, we grew experimental plant communities containing one, three or nine grassland species in 12 sunlit, climate-controlled chambers in Wilrijk, Belgium. Half of these chambers were exposed to ambient air temperatures (unheated), while the other half were warmed by 3 degrees C (heated). Equal amounts of water were added to heated and unheated communities, so that warming would imply drier soils if evapotranspiration was higher. Biomass production was decreased due to warming, both aboveground (-29%) and belowground (-25%), as negative impacts of increased heat and drought stress in summer prevailed. Complementarity effects, likely mostly through both increased aboveground spatial complementarity and facilitative effects of legumes, led to higher shoot and root biomass in multi-species communities, regardless of the induced warming. Surprisingly, warming suppressed productivity the most in 9-species communities, which may be attributed to negative impacts of intense interspecific competition for resources under conditions of high abiotic stress. Our results suggest that warming and the associated soil drying could reduce primary production in many temperate grasslands, and that this will not necessarily be mitigated by efforts to maintain or increase species richness. [less ▲]

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See detailThe lymphatic ring assay: a new in vitro model of lymphangiogenesis
Bruyère, F; Melen, L; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailPapyrus et papyrologie à l'Université de Liège
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

Book published by CEDOPAL - Editions de l'Université de Liège (2007)

Under the title Papyrus et papyrologie à l'Université de Liège (Papyri and Papyrology at the University of Liège), the fifth issue of the Cahiers du CEDOPAL includes 7 contributions, of which 4 are about ... [more ▼]

Under the title Papyrus et papyrologie à l'Université de Liège (Papyri and Papyrology at the University of Liège), the fifth issue of the Cahiers du CEDOPAL includes 7 contributions, of which 4 are about the history of this discipline at the University of Liège from 1891 to the present day (Marie-Hélène Marganne), 1 is about the restoration of papyri in general (Mario Capasso) and 1 about the restoration of the CEDOPAL papyrus collection (Mario Capasso and Natascia Pellé), as well as the republishing of the inaugural speech about La Constitution d'Athènes jusqu'à l'établissement de la démocratie (The Constitution of the Athenians until the establishment of democracy) which Louis Roersch gave on October 13th, 1891 at the University of Liège. [less ▲]

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See detailLiberté académique et cour d'arbitrage
Pâques, Michel ULg

in L’humanisme dans la résolution des conflits. Utopie ou réalité ? Liber amicorum Paul Martens (2007)

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See detailSpectroscopic anatomy of a meteor with the very large telescope (ESO)
Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Jenniskens, P.; Cabanac, R. A. et al

in Advances in Space Research (2007), 39

A meteor spectrum was recorded serendipitously with the ESO Very Large Telescope during a long exposure in long-slit spectroscopic mode with the instrument FORS1. The -8 magnitude fireball crossed the ... [more ▼]

A meteor spectrum was recorded serendipitously with the ESO Very Large Telescope during a long exposure in long-slit spectroscopic mode with the instrument FORS1. The -8 magnitude fireball crossed the narrow (1 arcsec × 7 arcmin) slit during the observation of a high z supernova in normal service mode operation on May 12, 2002. The spectrum covers the range of 637 1050 nm, where the meteor’s air plasma emissions from N[SUB]2[/SUB], N and O dominate. The meteor trail appears moreover resolved along the slit but we conclude that this is because the meteor at 100 km altitude was out of focus for the VLT. The plasma excitation temperature varies only from about 4300 to 4365 K across the trail, based on the ratio of atomic and molecular nitrogen emissions. This is in agreement with the fact that the trail is not actually spatially resolved. Finally, carbon atom emission is not detected in the relatively unexplored range above 900 nm. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between muscular performances of the shoulder and morphostatic profile
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Arimont, A.; Bregonzio, Jany et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

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See detailThe Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins: Biochemical Aspects and Clinical Application for Pregnancy Follow-up
Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Barbato, O.; Bella, Amina ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminants. In the last years, a large polymorphic family of placenta-expressed proteins has been discovered in ruminant species and ... [more ▼]

Pregnancy diagnosis is an important part in reproduction management of ruminants. In the last years, a large polymorphic family of placenta-expressed proteins has been discovered in ruminant species and used for pregnancy diagnosis. Members of this family are named pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG), being synthesized in the mono- and binucleate cells of the ruminant’s trophectoderm. Part of them are released in the maternal blood circulation where they can be assayed by different laboratory techniques. Due to large variety of expressed molecules and to large variations in the post-translational processing of the PAG, different immuno-systems present different ability to quantify the PAG released in blood. The sensitivity (92 to 100%) and specificity of PAG radioimmunoassay when used for pregnancy diagnosis are very high. The assay of PAG can also bring very interesting information for researchers working in programs focused on the study of embryonic and fetal mortalities, as well as on embryo biotechnology (ET, FIV, clonage), animal nutrition, or infections diseases resulting in pathologies affecting the pregnancy. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon dioxide dynamics in the tropical Ebrié lagoon (Ivory Coast)
Koné, Y. J. M.; Delille, Bruno ULg; Borges, Alberto ULg

Poster (2007)

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See detailLe traitement biologique des maladies inflammatoires à médiation immune. Le cas de la dermatologie et de la rhumatologie
Von Frenckell, Christian ULg; Henno, Audrey ULg; de LA BRASSINNE, Michel ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(Spec No), 55-62

The pathophysiology and the treatment of diseases with clinical presentation so different as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis vulgaris have been ... [more ▼]

The pathophysiology and the treatment of diseases with clinical presentation so different as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis vulgaris have been revolutionized by the discovery of common pro-inflammatory effector mechanisms involving TNF-alpha and by the use of targeted therapies, the anti-TNF-alpha antibodies. In the past 10 years, our experience has helped several hundreds of patients who were treated with novel drugs, years before they became routinely available. In parallel tools of metrology were developped that can now be applied to the routine patient. Lastly, clinical research on these new drugs has also generated derived research works allowing the university hospital to satisfactorilly fullfil its specific missions. [less ▲]

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See detailFungal thigmotropism in onychomycosis and in a clear hydrogel pad model.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2007), 215(2), 107-13

BACKGROUND: Thigmotropism is a biological characteristic corresponding to the directional growth of cells following topographical guidance cues. This behavior has been shown experimentally with fungal ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Thigmotropism is a biological characteristic corresponding to the directional growth of cells following topographical guidance cues. This behavior has been shown experimentally with fungal hyphae of both dermatophytes and nondermatophyte molds, as well as with the mycelial phase of the dimorphic yeast Candida albicans. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We presently document this phenomenon using histomycology in onychomycoses of various fungal origins. RESULTS: This mechanism is involved in the invasive phase of the pathogen or opportunistic fungi, and it probably governs various clinical aspects of onychomycoses. We incidentally disclosed fungal invasions of hydrogel pads. Conclusion: Thigmotropism can in part explain the diversity of orientations and shapes of fungi invading nail plates. The same phenomenon was disclosed inside hydrogel pads. As this material is transparent and easy to cut for microscopic examination, fungal thigmotropism is conveniently explored by this way. [less ▲]

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See detailThe grammaticalization of small size nouns : reconsidering frequency and analogy
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

in Journal of English Linguistics (2007), 35(4), 293-324

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See detailNaming actions and objects in bilingual aphasia : a multiple case study
Poncelet, Martine ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg; Raman, Ilhan et al

in Brain & Language (2007), 103

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See detailLa Balsamine et les Hommes
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Cristofoli, Sara ULg

Learning material (2007)

Les invasions biologiques sont actuellement considérées comme l’une des atteintes majeures à la biodiversité. Néanmoins, elles sont encore souvent mal perçues du grand public. Ce court-métrage s’inscrit ... [more ▼]

Les invasions biologiques sont actuellement considérées comme l’une des atteintes majeures à la biodiversité. Néanmoins, elles sont encore souvent mal perçues du grand public. Ce court-métrage s’inscrit dans ce contexte et présente le cas de la Balsamine géante (Impatiens glandulifera ROYLE), espèce très esthétique, mais aussi particulièrement dommageable pour la flore des berges de cours d’eau, dans son aire d’invasion. La Balsamine fut introduite en Europe il y a plus d’un siècle, depuis les hauts-plateaux indiens et l’Himalaya, pour ses qualités décoratives. Après une phase de latence, elle a commencé à se répandre dans les milieux naturels, favorisée par les perturbations anthropiques et par un engouement des jardiniers pour l’espèce. Actuellement, elle est devenue problématique dans plusieurs vallées belges comme celle de l’Ourthe, l’Amblève ou la semois. Dans ce court-métrage, sous forme de fable, la Balsamine nous conte l’histoire de son invasion, tantôt aidée, tantôt enrayée par l’Homme. Le texte, entièrement original, est basé sur les connaissances les plus actuelles de l’espèce et des mécanismes sous-jacents à l’invasion. L’objectifs des réalisateurs est d’interpeller le spectateur sur la problématique tout en lui suggérant des actions préventives. [less ▲]

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See detailSobre armas y letras. El Quijote como intertexto en los relatos del Subcomandante Marcos
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Boletin AFEHC (2007)

El Subcomandante Marcos multiplica las referencias a Don Quijote de la Mancha en sus diversas estrategias para construir la imagen del EZLN y de sus enemigos. Esta contribución se concentrará en aquellos ... [more ▼]

El Subcomandante Marcos multiplica las referencias a Don Quijote de la Mancha en sus diversas estrategias para construir la imagen del EZLN y de sus enemigos. Esta contribución se concentrará en aquellos aspectos de su discurso que tienen que ver con la construcción del narrador y de los personajes en la medida en que se inspiren en el texto de Cervantes y que se hayan publicado entre 1994 y 1999. Se trata principalmente de los relatos que Marcos ha escrito acerca del escarabajo parlante Durito y que, en 1999, han sido reunidos en el libro Don Durito de la Lacandona (Chiapas, CIACH). Para poder entender las implicaciones de esta intertextualidad con la obra de Cervantes, cabe recordar también algunos aspectos básicos del discurso del EZLN y la problemática de las distintas voces en las filas zapatistas. [less ▲]

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