References of "2007"
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See detailRepresentations of Migrant Workers in the Pearl River
Florence, Eric ULg

in Critical Asian Studies (2007), 39(1), 121-150

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See detailCompte rendu de Naomi RESHOTKO, "Socratic Virtue. Making the Best of the Neither-Good-Nor-Bad"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2007), (76), 392-393

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See detailMonitoring of PCDDs and PCDFs of waste incinerators in Wallonia : uncertainty evaluation.
Bergmans, B.; Idczak, F.; Maetz, P. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2007), 69

Since the end of 2000, a continuous sampling to monitor PCDDs and PCDFs emission was implemented on the 11 municipal waste incineration ovens in Walloon Region, to check the compliance with the EU ... [more ▼]

Since the end of 2000, a continuous sampling to monitor PCDDs and PCDFs emission was implemented on the 11 municipal waste incineration ovens in Walloon Region, to check the compliance with the EU emission limit value, 0.1 TEQ ng/Nm³. For this purpose, uncertainty estimation is one of the most crucial points for decision making. The sampling and analytical uncertainty was estimated by two different ways: 1. Identification and quantification of the major contributions through QA/QC data (type A evaluation) or by other sources (type B evaluation), 2. Direct assessment through specific duplicate measurements. Both ways were found to give results in good agreement, with an extended uncertainty of about 30 to 40%, depending on the congener, with a coverage factor k=2. [less ▲]

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See detailMetachronous type III and type II acute aortic dissections in puerperium.
Radermecker, Marc ULg; Durieux, Rodolphe ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2007), 32(3), 541-3

The case of a 30-year-old non-Marfan woman who developed a type III acute aortic dissection 5 days after delivery, followed within 16 h by an independent type II dissection, is reported. Preoperative CT ... [more ▼]

The case of a 30-year-old non-Marfan woman who developed a type III acute aortic dissection 5 days after delivery, followed within 16 h by an independent type II dissection, is reported. Preoperative CT scan imaging and TEE suggested metachronous type II and type III dissection. This was confirmed at surgery, where limited dissection of the aortic root without communication with the isthmic area via the aortic arch was evidenced. The patient underwent repair of the aortic root and adjacent ascending aorta and was medically treated for her type III dissection. This is the first report of metachronous acute aortic dissections in puerperium. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Hollywood Cobweb : New Laws of Attraction (The Spectacular Mechanics of Blockbusters)
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Strauven, Wanda (Ed.) The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded (2007)

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See detailMichel Jakar. Du désir de danse au désir de corps
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Aubenas, Jacqueline (Ed.) Filmer la danse (2007)

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See detailObservations of comet McNaught from La Silla
Snodgrass, C.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Fitzsimmons, A. et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailTwo millennia of atmospheric lead and heavy metal pollution in Belgium : a record from an ombrotrophic peat bog
De Vleeschouwer; Gerard; Goormaghtigh et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailPalaeozoic Reefs and Bioaccumulations: Climatic and Evolutionary Controls
Álvaro; Aretz; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg et al

Book published by Geological Society (2007)

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See detailFacies from Palaeozoic reefs and bioaccumulations
Vennin, E.; Aretz, M.; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg et al

Book published by Publications scientifiques du Muséum (2007)

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See detailNonexponential decay of Bose-Einstein condensates: a numerical study based on the complex scaling method
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Wimberger, S.

in Applied Physics B : Lasers & Optics (2007), 86(3), 385-390

We study the decay dynamics of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of a metastable trapping potential from which the condensate can escape via tunneling through finite barriers. The ... [more ▼]

We study the decay dynamics of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in the presence of a metastable trapping potential from which the condensate can escape via tunneling through finite barriers. The time-dependent decay process is reproduced by means of the instantaneous decay rates of the condensate at a given population of the quasi-bound state, which are calculated with the method of complex scaling. Both for the case of a double-barrier potential as well as for the case of a tilted periodic potential, we find pronounced deviations from a monoexponential decay behavior, which would generally be expected in the absence of the atom-atom interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuroimaging of neuronal circuits involved in tic generation in patients with Tourette syndrome.
Lerner, Alicja; Bagic, Anto; Boudreau, Elis et al

in Neurology (2007), 68(23), 1979-87

OBJECTIVE: To identify brain regions generating tics in patients with Tourette syndrome using sleep as a baseline. METHODS: We used [15O]H2O PET to study nine patients with Tourette syndrome and nine ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To identify brain regions generating tics in patients with Tourette syndrome using sleep as a baseline. METHODS: We used [15O]H2O PET to study nine patients with Tourette syndrome and nine matched control subjects. For patients, conditions included tic release states and sleep stage 2; and for control subjects, rest states and sleep stage 2. RESULTS: Our study showed robust activation of cerebellum, insula, thalamus, and putamen during tic release. CONCLUSION: The network of structures involved in tics includes the activated regions and motor cortex. The prominent involvement of cerebellum and insula suggest their involvement in tic initiation and execution. [less ▲]

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See detailTransport of the leaderless protein Ku on the cell surface of activated monocytes regulates their migratory abilities.
Paupert, Jenny ULg; Dauvillier, Stephanie; Salles, Bernard et al

in EMBO reports (2007), 8(6), 583-8

Recent evidence shows that the DNA repair protein Ku is expressed on the surface of a subset of cells, where it contributes to adhesion and invasion processes, and also to viral or bacterial entry into ... [more ▼]

Recent evidence shows that the DNA repair protein Ku is expressed on the surface of a subset of cells, where it contributes to adhesion and invasion processes, and also to viral or bacterial entry into target cells. Here, we show that Ku was expressed on the cell surface during activation of human monocytes and that its expression was independent of the conventional endoplasmic reticulum (ER)/Golgi secretory pathway. Ku inhibition, by blocking antibodies, decreases the migration of monocytes on fibronectin and laminin. On activation, nuclear Ku seems to move to the periphery of the cell and it shows a punctuate staining in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasmic distribution of Ku was shown to be unaltered by brefeldin A. Protease protection experiments show that Ku is contained within vesicles in activated monocytes. These data support a new role for Ku in the migration of monocytes into tissues, which depends on a tightly regulated pathway of intracellular redistribution. [less ▲]

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See detailToxicity Of Some Terpenoids Of Essential Oils Of Xylopia Aethiopica From Cameroon Against Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky
Kouninki, Habiba; Hance, Thierry; Noudjou, Félicité A. et al

in Journal of Applied Entomology (2007), 131(4), 269-274

The acute toxicity of essential oils from the whole fruit (EF) or from the fibres of the fruit (FF) of the local aromatic plants Xylopiα αethiopicα Dunal (Annonaceae) collected in north Cameroon was ... [more ▼]

The acute toxicity of essential oils from the whole fruit (EF) or from the fibres of the fruit (FF) of the local aromatic plants Xylopiα αethiopicα Dunal (Annonaceae) collected in north Cameroon was evaluated on Sitophilus zeαmαis adults. A concentration of 1 ml of essential oil per 100 g of maize seeds was tested to determine weevil mortality after 24 h of exposure. Under these conditions, the essential oil derived from both EF and FF of X. αethiopicα led to 100% mortality. In a second step, proportions of active compounds present in the oil of both EF and FF of X. αethiopicα were quantified. The toxicity of the four main compounds was tested against S. zeαmαis: α-pinene, β-pinene, -3-carene and terpinen-4-ol according to their proportion in the essential oil of the concerned plant part. β-pinene and terpinen-4-ol were responsible for 50% of the mortality at the proportion found in EF and FF essential oils respectively. When mixed, a synergic effect of the compounds was observed that restored the mortality percentage observed for the crude oil. It appears that X. αethiopicα essential oil could be a potential source of natural and low-cost insecticide to control storage pests. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Computation of Equating Errors in International Surveys in Education
Monseur, Christian ULg; Berezner, Alla

in Journal of Applied Measurement (2007), 8(3), 323-35

Since the IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, one of the major objectives of international surveys in education has been to report trends in achievement. The names of the two current ... [more ▼]

Since the IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, one of the major objectives of international surveys in education has been to report trends in achievement. The names of the two current IEA surveys reflect this growing interest: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS). Similarly a central concern of the OECD's PISA is with trends in outcomes over time. To facilitate trend analyses these studies link their tests using common item equating in conjunction with item response modelling methods. IEA and PISA policies differ in terms of reporting the error associated with trends. In IEA surveys, the standard errors of the trend estimates do not include the uncertainty associated with the linking step while PISA does include a linking error component in the standard errors of trend estimates. In other words, PISA implicitly acknowledges that trend estimates partly depend on the selected common items, while the IEA's surveys do not recognise this source of error. Failing to recognise the linking error leads to an underestimation of the standard errors and thus increases the Type I error rate, thereby resulting in reporting of significant changes in achievement when in fact these are not significant. The growing interest of policy makers in trend indicators and the impact of the evaluation of educational reforms appear to be incompatible with such underestimation. However, the procedure implemented by PISA raises a few issues about the underlying assumptions for the computation of the equating error. After a brief introduction, this paper will describe the procedure PISA implemented to compute the linking error. The underlying assumptions of this procedure will then be discussed. Finally an alternative method based on replication techniques will be presented, based on a simulation study and then applied to the PISA 2000 data. [less ▲]

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See detailStratégie pour l’analyse qualitative et quantitative de sirops de céréales enrichis par voie enzymatique en isomaltooligosaccharides
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2007)

Les Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO) sont constitués de monomères de glucose liés par au moins une liaison α-1-6 (IMO classique), ou dans une moindre proportion α -1-3 (famille nigero-) ou α -1-2 (famille ... [more ▼]

Les Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO) sont constitués de monomères de glucose liés par au moins une liaison α-1-6 (IMO classique), ou dans une moindre proportion α -1-3 (famille nigero-) ou α -1-2 (famille koji-). Ils sont produits par voie enzymatique à partir d’amidon de céréales hydrolysé. Un mélange très complexe est obtenu avec des molécules caractérisées à la fois par leur valeur de DP (de 2 à ~15), le type de liaisons en présence ainsi que la proportion et la position de chaque type de liaison (seules α -1-6 ou en combinaison). Le défi de cette étude est de trouver une méthode qualitative et quantitative pour caractériser ces sirops. Trois différentes méthodes ont été testées à l’aide de trois différents types de détecteur et comparées selon des critères de sélectivité, sensibilité, robustesse, applicabilité et de la faisabilité de l’analyse quantitative L’HPLC-RID (Refractive Index Detector) utilisée avec une colonne Prevail Carbohydrate (Alltech), adaptée aux sucres de DP variables, s’est révélée être peu sélective du fait de l’obligation de travailler en conditions isocratiques. L’HPLC-ELSD (Evaporating Light Scattering Detector) permettant de travailler en gradient d’élution, une très bonne séparation des différents DP est obtenue sur la même colonne ainsi qu’une séparation des différents DP2 et une amélioration de la sensibilité. L’analyse quantitative reste plus délicate du fait de la zone relativement limitée de linéarité. La Chromatographie à Echange d’Anion et à Haute performance couplée à la Détection à Amperometrie Pulsée (HPAEC-PAD), une séparation hautement sélective et une détection très sensible. Elle est une des seules méthode capable de séparer des molécules homologues ayant comme seules différences leur DP ou de leur type et la séquence de leurs liaisons. L’analyse quantitative a fait l’objet d’une étude approfondie, les facteur de réponses étant dépendant de la structure, du DP et du type de liaisons des oligosaccharides. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation comportementale et par neuroimagerie fonctionnelle des patients en état végétatif
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Schnakers, Caroline ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62 Spec No

Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. This should incite clinicians to use the most sensitive "coma scales" to detect signs of consciousness in these patients. The ... [more ▼]

Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. This should incite clinicians to use the most sensitive "coma scales" to detect signs of consciousness in these patients. The gold standard remains the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS, Teasdale and Jennet, 1974), with the Glasgow Liege Scale (GLS, Born, 1988) adding standardized assessment of brainstem reflexes. New sensible behavioral assessment tools for use in the acute neurocritical care setting include the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR, Wijdicks et al., 2005). The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R, Giacino and Kalmar, 2004) specifically tests the diagnostic criteria differentiating vegetative from minimally conscious patients. Detecting signs of consciousness also depends on the employed methodology. We showed that for the assesment of the presence of visual pursuit, using a moving mirror is better suited than using a moving object or person. The clinical diagnosis can be confirmed by cerebral positron emission tomography studies objectively quantifying residual metabolic activity in vegetative and minimally conscious patients. Ongoing studies evaluate the prognostic value of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies in these challenging patient populations. [less ▲]

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