References of "2007"
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See detailEditorial Report 2006
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Amphibia-Reptilia (2007), 28(3), 455-456

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See detailDe la séparation des pouvoirs à l'espace public démocratique
Herla, Anne ULg

Article for general public (2007)

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See detailEvaluation comportementale et par neuroimagerie fonctionnelle des patients en état végétatif
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Schnakers, Caroline ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62 Spec No

Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. This should incite clinicians to use the most sensitive "coma scales" to detect signs of consciousness in these patients. The ... [more ▼]

Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. This should incite clinicians to use the most sensitive "coma scales" to detect signs of consciousness in these patients. The gold standard remains the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS, Teasdale and Jennet, 1974), with the Glasgow Liege Scale (GLS, Born, 1988) adding standardized assessment of brainstem reflexes. New sensible behavioral assessment tools for use in the acute neurocritical care setting include the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR, Wijdicks et al., 2005). The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R, Giacino and Kalmar, 2004) specifically tests the diagnostic criteria differentiating vegetative from minimally conscious patients. Detecting signs of consciousness also depends on the employed methodology. We showed that for the assesment of the presence of visual pursuit, using a moving mirror is better suited than using a moving object or person. The clinical diagnosis can be confirmed by cerebral positron emission tomography studies objectively quantifying residual metabolic activity in vegetative and minimally conscious patients. Ongoing studies evaluate the prognostic value of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies in these challenging patient populations. [less ▲]

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See detailSequence-optimised E2 constructs from BVDV-1b and BVDV-2 for DNA immunisation in cattle
Couvreur, B.; Letellier, C.; Olivier, Fabrice ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2007), 38(6, NOV-DEC), 819-834

We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were ... [more ▼]

We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were optimised for efficient expression in mammalian cells. A modified leader peptide sequence from protein gD of BoHV1 was inserted upstream of the E2 coding sequences for efficient membrane export of the proteins. Recombinant E2 were efficiently expressed in COS7 cells and they presented the native viral epitopes as judged by differential recognition by antisera from cattle infected with BVDV-1 or BVDV-2. Inoculation of pooled plasmid DNA in young cattle elicited antibodies capable of neutralising viral strains representing the major circulating BVDV genotypes. [less ▲]

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See detail이집트 파라오
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

Book published by WoongjinThink Big Co. Ltd - Traduction en coréen de "L'Égypte pharaonique" (Paris, 2001) (2007)

Étant donné la place exceptionnelle dont elle jouit dans l'imaginaire collectif occidental depuis près de 4.000 ans, l'Égypte pharaonique est de nos jours l'objet de nombreuses idées reçues, qui, pour la ... [more ▼]

Étant donné la place exceptionnelle dont elle jouit dans l'imaginaire collectif occidental depuis près de 4.000 ans, l'Égypte pharaonique est de nos jours l'objet de nombreuses idées reçues, qui, pour la plupart, remontent à l'Antiquité. L'examen que l'ouvrage propose des principales idées reçues générées par notre société à propos de l'Égypte antique vise à constituer un éveil autant à l'Égyptologie, à l'étude de ce que fut réellement la civilisation pharaonique, qu'à la manière dont celle-ci fut récupérée, exploitée et parfois déformée par notre système culturel, à ce que l'on appelle en Histoire la réception culturelle de l'Égypte. [less ▲]

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See detailSalt, the kidneys and hypertension
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Cohen, E. P.

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2007), 62(5, Sep-Oct), 348-357

The kidneys play a major role in the regulation of the salt balance and thereby regulate blood pressure. Salt sensitivity is acquired or genetically-induced and is noted in about 50% of patients with ... [more ▼]

The kidneys play a major role in the regulation of the salt balance and thereby regulate blood pressure. Salt sensitivity is acquired or genetically-induced and is noted in about 50% of patients with essential hypertension.This property leads to a high cardiovascular risk. In this situation, the benefit of salt restriction is significant, and this dietary change should be associated with a high potassium intake. In patients treated by antihypertensive drugs, salt restriction improves the blood pressure control, which can permit a reduction of the number of drugs required to achieve a normal blood pressure. The recommended maximal salt intake should not exceed 6 grams/day (NaCl). Because most dietary salt comes from processed foods, the help of the food industry is crucial for a long-term compliance with a reduced salt intake, which could yield an additional important benefit in the reduction of cardiovascular risk. [less ▲]

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See detailCell dynamics and immune response to BLV infection: a unifying model
Florins, Arnaud-Francois ULg; Gillet, Nicolas ULg; Asquith, Becca et al

in Frontiers in Bioscience : A Journal and Virtual Library (2007), 12

Bovine Leukemia virus (BLV) is the natural etiological agent of a lymphoproliferative disease in cattle. BLV can also be transmitted experimentally to a related ruminant species, sheep, in which the ... [more ▼]

Bovine Leukemia virus (BLV) is the natural etiological agent of a lymphoproliferative disease in cattle. BLV can also be transmitted experimentally to a related ruminant species, sheep, in which the pathogenesis is more acute. Although both susceptible species develop a strong anti-viral immune response, the virus persists indefinitely throughout life, apparently at a transcriptionally silent stage, at least in a proportion of infected cells. Soon after infection, these humoral and cytotoxic activities very efficiently abolish the viral replicative cycle, permitting only mitotic expansion of provirus-carrying cells. Short term cultures of these infected cells initially indicated that viral expression protects against spontaneous apoptosis, suggesting that leukemia is a process of accumulation of long-lived cells. This conclusion was recently reconsidered following in vivo dynamic studies based on perfusions of nucleoside (bromodeoxyuridine) or fluorescent protein markers (CFSE). In sheep, the turnover rate of infected cells is increased, suggesting that a permanent clearance process is exerted by the immune system. Lymphocyte trafficking from and to the secondary lymphoid organs is a key component in the maintenance of cell homeostasis. The net outcome of the immune selective pressure is that only cells in which the virus is transcriptionally silenced survive and accumulate, ultimately leading to lymphocytosis. Activation of viral and/or cellular expression in this silent reservoir with deacetylase inhibitors causes the collapse of the proviral loads. In other words, modulation of viral expression appears to be curative in lymphocytic sheep, an approach that might also be efficient in patients infected with the related Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1. In summary, a dynamic interplay between BLV and the host immune response modulates a complex equilibrium between (i) viral expression driving (or) favoring proliferation and (ii) viral silencing preventing apoptosis. As conclusion, we propose a hypothetical model unifying all these mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailL'écrivain et son lecteur. Réflexion sur les limites d'une "générosité"
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Modernités (2007), (26), 211-220

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See detailActivation de l'information morphologique au cours de la reconnaissance des mots chez les apprentis lecteurs et les dyslexiques
Casalis, Séverine; Quemart, Pauline ULg; Colé, Pascale

in Hathout; Montermini, Fabio (Eds.) Morphologie à Toulouse. Actes du colloque international de morphologie 4èmes Décembrettes (2007)

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See detailOrganisation de compétitions
Esch, Louis ULg

in Justens, Daniel (Ed.) Mathématiques sportives (2007)

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See detailEffects of non-genetic and crossbreeding factors on daily milk yield of Ayrshire x (Sahiwal x Ankole) cows in Mahwa station (Burundi)
Hatungumukama, G.; Sidikou, D. L.; Leroy, Pascal ULg et al

in Livestock Science (2007), 110(1-2), 111-117

The study was carried out at the Mahwa station located in Bututsi natural region in South of Burundi at 1850 m of altitude. The objective of the study was to assess the effects of days in milk, cow's ... [more ▼]

The study was carried out at the Mahwa station located in Bututsi natural region in South of Burundi at 1850 m of altitude. The objective of the study was to assess the effects of days in milk, cow's calving age, type of crossbreeding, year and month of lactation, parity on daily milk yield of crossbreds Ayrshire (AY) x Sahiwal (S) x Ankole (A) cows. Milk yields were obtained from 9 cows (S) that have been both milked and suckled during the entire lactation, on 8 cows (M) only milked during the entire lactation and on 150 cows (SM) suckled before and milked after weaning. Data were analyzed using the procedure GLM in SAS for S,M, and SM cows separately. All factors affected significantly daily milk yields (P < 0.001). Least-squares means (LSM) for daily milk yields were highest at the 8th (7.16 +/- 0.07 1), 8th (7.63 +/- 0.35 1), and 7th (7.34 +/- 0.39 1) day in milk for SM, S and M lactations, respectively. The Wood model was able to detect 2 main groups of curve shape: standard for SM and S cows and atypical decreasing for M cows. An important decrease in milk production was observed around the 120th day in SM cows corresponding to the weaning period. Crossbreeding improved milk production and highest yields were observed with 50% to 75% of Ayrshire inheritance (LSM = 5 +/- 0.05 to 5.51 +/- 0.02 1/day). A significant increase was observed from 1977 to 1992 due to the improvement of genetic and management techniques. During this period, LSM raised from 1.26 +/- 0.11 1 to 4.74 +/- 0.03 1 per day for SM cows. Unfortunately, the 1993 civilian war destabilized the managerial techniques and consequently, the milk production decreased in Mahwa station, In all cows, milk production was significantly higher from December to May (LSM - 3.96 +/- 0.03 1/day) during the rainy season than in September (LSM = 3.12 +/- 0.03 1/day) at the end of the dry season. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between muscular performances of the shoulder and morphostatic profile
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Arimont, A.; Bregonzio, Jany et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15

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See detailTime-domain homogenization of windings in 2-D finite element models
Gyselinck, Johan; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2007), 43(4), 1297-1300

In this paper, the authors propose an original time-domain extension of the frequency-domain homogenization of multiturn windings in finite element (FE) models. For the winding type in hand (e.g., round ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the authors propose an original time-domain extension of the frequency-domain homogenization of multiturn windings in finite element (FE) models. For the winding type in hand (e.g., round conductor with hexagonal packing), an elementary FE model is used for determining dimensionless frequency and time-domain coefficients regarding skin and proximity effect. These coefficients are readily utilized for homogenizing the winding in the FE model of the complete device. The method is successfully applied to an axisymmetric 103-turn inductor. The results agree very well with those obtained by an accurate but very expensive FE model in which all turns are finely discretized. [less ▲]

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See detailLa qualification juridique de la relation de travail
Clesse, Jacques ULg

in Questions de droit social (2007)

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See detailOpera latina : le nouveau site Internet du LASLA
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Citti, Francesco; dell Vecchio, Tommaso (Eds.) Proceedings of the Colloquium (2007)

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See detailUltrastructural organization of the nucleolus in reptiles
Lamaye, Françoise; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2007)

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See detailRail-Road terminal locations: aggregation errors and best potential locations on large networks
Limbourg, Sabine ULg; Jourquin, Bart

in European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research (2007), 7(4), 317-334

In network location problems, the number of potential locations is often too large in order to find a solution in a reasonable computing time. That is why aggregation techniques are often used to reduce ... [more ▼]

In network location problems, the number of potential locations is often too large in order to find a solution in a reasonable computing time. That is why aggregation techniques are often used to reduce the number of nodes. This reduction of the size of the location problems makes them more computationally tractable, but aggregation introduces errors into the solutions. Some of these errors will be estimated in this paper. A method that helps to isolate the best potential locations for rail-road terminals embedded in a hub-and-spoke network will further be outlined. Hub location problems arise when it is desirable to consolidate flows at certain locations called hubs. The basic idea is to use the flows of commodities and their geographic spreading as input to determine a set of potential locations for hub terminals. The exercise will be done for the trans-European networks. These potential locations can then further be used as input by an optimal location method. [less ▲]

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See detailL'oeuvre du temps. Réflexion sur la conservation et la restauration d'objets d'art
Verbeeck, Muriel ULg

in Images re-vues. Histoire, anthropologie et théorie de l'art (2007), 4

Interroger l'objet, c'est aussi, au-delà de sa forme ou de son sens, interroger le temps — notre rapport à l'origine, au passé ou au devenir. Nulle part cependant, cette question ne se pose de façon plus ... [more ▼]

Interroger l'objet, c'est aussi, au-delà de sa forme ou de son sens, interroger le temps — notre rapport à l'origine, au passé ou au devenir. Nulle part cependant, cette question ne se pose de façon plus cruciale que dans l'acte de conserver ou restaurer l'objet d'art : car l’intervention le situe dans un champ de valeurs parfois hétéroclites. C’est au travers de l’axiologie que prennent corps des pratiques conservatives ou restauratives différenciées. Le praticien devient par conséquent, au sens propre, un « enseignant » : il donne sens aux signes, il éduque notre regard à l'objet préservé dans son authenticité et nous apprend à l’écouter respectueusement. [less ▲]

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See detailDevonian-Carboniferous Boundary global correlations and their paleogeographic implications for the assembly of pangaea.
Streel, Maurice ULg; Marshall, J.E.A.

in Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (2007)

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