References of "2007"
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See detailCommentary Article 32-33 Brussels I Regulation
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Mankowksi, Peter (Ed.) Brussels I Regulation - a Commentary (2007)

This is a commentary of two provisions to be found in the Brussels I Regulation, i.e. Article 32 and Article 33. The purpose of the commentary is to provide a clear and concise statement of the law ... [more ▼]

This is a commentary of two provisions to be found in the Brussels I Regulation, i.e. Article 32 and Article 33. The purpose of the commentary is to provide a clear and concise statement of the law, including the case law of the European Court of Justice and of the most important courts of the Member States, in relation to these two provisions. This version has been published in the first edition of the commentary. A second edition is now available (www.sellier.de). [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Inoculum And Pepsin-Pancreatin Hydrolysis On Fibre Fermentation Mecasured By The Gas Production Technique In Pigs
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Buldgen, André; Boudry, Christelle ULg et al

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (2007), 132(1-2), 111-122

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See detailLa tumeur faciale transmissible du Diable de Tasmanie
Vanherberghen, Morgane ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2007), 151

The Tasmanian Devil is the largest carnivorous marsupial of Australia. Since 1996, this species faces an emerging transmissible and fatal disease that is characterized by eruption of tumors on the face ... [more ▼]

The Tasmanian Devil is the largest carnivorous marsupial of Australia. Since 1996, this species faces an emerging transmissible and fatal disease that is characterized by eruption of tumors on the face and the neck. Having carried 75.000 animals off in only 8 years, the Tasmanian Devil’s transmissible tumor dramatically threatens the survival of the species, which would have disastrous ecological consequences because of its key role as a predator and as a scavenger. The following text gathers the information available on the features of the disease and brings to the light its astonishing etiology and mode of transmission [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on the equivalent viscous damping in direct displacement-based design
Degée, Hervé ULg; Bento, R.; Massena, B.

in Proceedings of the Congress SISMICA - 7º CONGRESSO DE SISMOLOGIA E ENGENHARIA SÍSMICA (2007)

It is generally stated that an accurate evaluation of the equivalent viscous damping is a crucial step in the Direct Displacement-Based Design (DDBD) methodology. In such a context, the main objective of ... [more ▼]

It is generally stated that an accurate evaluation of the equivalent viscous damping is a crucial step in the Direct Displacement-Based Design (DDBD) methodology. In such a context, the main objective of the present contribution is to assess and compare different existing equations aiming at evaluating the equivalent damping and to provide information of the practical consequences of choosing one or another of these equations in the design process. [less ▲]

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See detailMetachronous type III and type II acute aortic dissections in puerperium.
Radermecker, Marc ULg; Durieux, Rodolphe ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2007), 32(3), 541-3

The case of a 30-year-old non-Marfan woman who developed a type III acute aortic dissection 5 days after delivery, followed within 16 h by an independent type II dissection, is reported. Preoperative CT ... [more ▼]

The case of a 30-year-old non-Marfan woman who developed a type III acute aortic dissection 5 days after delivery, followed within 16 h by an independent type II dissection, is reported. Preoperative CT scan imaging and TEE suggested metachronous type II and type III dissection. This was confirmed at surgery, where limited dissection of the aortic root without communication with the isthmic area via the aortic arch was evidenced. The patient underwent repair of the aortic root and adjacent ascending aorta and was medically treated for her type III dissection. This is the first report of metachronous acute aortic dissections in puerperium. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamental and practical approaches to increase biocontrol efficacy
Jijakli, Haissam ULg; Ongena, M.; Höfte, M. et al

Book - IOBC/WPRS publisher (2007)

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See detailPrécision de l'estimation de l'âge des chevaux par l'examen des dents: résultats d'une étude sur des juments de Trait belge
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Delfontaine, B.; Claveau, C. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2007), 151(1), 6-14

The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of judging age from teeth, with standard aging guides, of mares from 2 to 20 years old registered in the Belgian draft horse stud-book. The replacement of ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of judging age from teeth, with standard aging guides, of mares from 2 to 20 years old registered in the Belgian draft horse stud-book. The replacement of the deciduous incisors by permanent teeth occurred when expected as the disappearance of the infundibulum on the permanent lower intermediate incisors. The disappearance of the infundibulum was however observed until 16 months earlier than expected on the central incisors and until 18 months later on the corner incisors with 64 % and 50 % of the concerned mares respectively. The modifications of the shape of the occlusal tables from oval to round occurred from 1 to 4 years earlier than expected. The risk to attribute an older age than the true age during the so called round period is lower when taking into account the disappearance of the cup cement leaving only an enamel spot on the occlusal table surface. The modifications of the shape of the incisor tables from round to triangular and to biangular was also observed earlier than expected but only with the central and intermediate incisors, not with the corner incisors. The measurement on photographs of the profile angle of the corner incisors confirmed that this angle decreases with age from about 134 degrees at about 5 years to about 72 degrees at 20 years. Statistical analyses of the differences between real ages and those estimated on pictures by a college of three experts, show that ageing horses from their dentition is more accurate for animals of 8 years old or less, than for older ones. For those animals, the overestimation was about 10 % of the real age. [less ▲]

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See detailSound production mechanism in the clownfish Amphiprion clarkii (Amphiprioninae, Pomacentridae)
Colleye, Orphal ULg; Herrel, Anthony; Mauguit, Quentin et al

Poster (2007)

Clownfishes live in social group within sea anemones. They are prolific “singers” that produce a wide variety of sounds, described as “pops” and “chirps”, involved in both reproductive and agonistic ... [more ▼]

Clownfishes live in social group within sea anemones. They are prolific “singers” that produce a wide variety of sounds, described as “pops” and “chirps”, involved in both reproductive and agonistic interactions. Although clownfish sounds were recorded since 1930, the mechanism of sound production has remained unresolved. The sounds used to describe the sonic mechanism were directed towards hetero- and conspecifics that approach their sea anemone host. Sound recordings were synchronized using a high speed video (500 fps) coupled or not with an X-ray system. These systems allowed to quantify the movements of external and internal bones during sound production. Sounds were typically accompanied by rapid (< 30 ms) head movements such as elevation of the skull, lowering of the hyoid bar and the anterior part of the branchial basket, retraction of the pectoral girdle, and finally closing of the mouth. Synchronization of sound pulses with X-ray images indicates that sound is produced when the hyoid apparatus is completely lowered and the mouth closed by a previously unknown mechanism. Dissections of freshly dead specimens reveal an unusual ligament responsible for the rapid mouth closing. This ligament joins the hyoid bar to the internal part of the mandible. Acting as a cord, it forces the mandible to turn around its articulation during the lowering of the anterior part of the branchial basket, forcing the mouth to close. Sounds result from the collision of the jaw teeth, transferring energy to the jaws that are presumably the sound radiator. [less ▲]

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See detailDevonian
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Wood, R.

in Vennin, E.; Aretz, M.; Boulvain, Frédéric (Eds.) et al Facies from Palaeozoic reefs and bioaccumulations (2007)

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See detailL'écrivain et ses doubles. Les Deux Consciences de Camille Lemonnier
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2007), (31), 60-73

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See detailPhysical interpretation of independent component analysis in structural dynamics
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Poncelet, Fabien ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2007), 21

This paper focuses on the relation between the vibration modes of mechanical systems and the modes computed through a blind source separation technique called independent component analysis (ICA). For ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the relation between the vibration modes of mechanical systems and the modes computed through a blind source separation technique called independent component analysis (ICA). For free and random vibrations of weakly damped systems, a one-to-one relationship between the vibration modes and the ICA modes is demonstrated using the concept of virtual source. Based on this theoretical link, a time-domain structural system identification technique is proposed and is illustrated using numerical examples. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of oral corticosteroids and phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor on the acute inflammation induced by inhaled lipopolysaccharide in human.
Michel, Olivier; Dentener, Mieke; Cataldo, Didier ULg et al

in Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2007), 20(6), 676-83

Background Endotoxins are pro-inflammatory substances present in the environment. In man, inhalation of its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation related to macrophages and ... [more ▼]

Background Endotoxins are pro-inflammatory substances present in the environment. In man, inhalation of its purified derivative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation related to macrophages and neutrophils. Corticosteroids and phosphodiesterase (PDE)-4 inhibitors have inhibiting effects on macrophages and neutrophils, respectively. This study investigated the effect of prednisolone and of the PDE-4 inhibitor cilomilast on the LPS-induced acute inflammation. Methods The study was a placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover design. On three occasions, at 2 weeks interval, 16 healthy subjects inhaled 50 μg LPS after a 6-day treatment with cilomilast (15 mg bd), prednisolone (10 mg bd) or placebo. For the assessment of the inflammatory response, induced sputum was obtained before inclusion and 6 h post-LPS while blood samples were collected before, 6 and 24 h post-LPS. Results Inhaled LPS induced an increase in sputum neutrophils (p<0.0001), logMMP-9 (p<0.05), logMMP-9/TIMP-1 (p<0.01) and logTNF-α (p<0.02). At the blood level there were significant rise in neutrophilia (p<0.001), E-selectin (p<0.02), C-reactive protein (CRP) (p<0.001) and LPS-binding protein (p<0.001). There was both a slight, but not significant, increase in body temperature and decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Neither prednisolone nor cilomilast had protective effect on the LPS-induced airways’ inflammation. The LPS-induced CRP acute-phase protein of inflammation (0.58±0.13 and 3.52±0.41 mg/dL, before and after LPS, respectively) was significantly inhibited by a pre-treatment with prednisolone (1.39±0.32 mg/dL, p<0.01) and attenuated (2.65±0.30 mg/dL, p=0.09) with cilomilast. Conclusion In healthy subjects, while the LPS-induced airways’ inflammation was not modified either by oral prednisolone or by PDE-4 inhibitor cilomilast (at actual dosage), the LPS-induced acute phase of blood inflammation was reduced by prednisolone. [less ▲]

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See detailSuivi 2006 du phytoplancton des eaux côtières corses : évaluation de la stratégie d’échantillonnage proposée dans le cadre des contrôles de surveillance de la DCE et première caractérisation des masses d’eau
Goffart, Anne ULg

Report (2007)

Les résultats obtenus dans le cadre du suivi DCE 2006 du phytoplancton des eaux côtières corses ont permis: − de tester et de valider une stratégie d’échantillonnage originale adaptée aux réseaux de ... [more ▼]

Les résultats obtenus dans le cadre du suivi DCE 2006 du phytoplancton des eaux côtières corses ont permis: − de tester et de valider une stratégie d’échantillonnage originale adaptée aux réseaux de surveillance et aux spécificités régionales; − de caractériser globalement les communautés phytoplanctoniques de 6 masses d’eau côtières ne présentant pas de risque NABE à l’horizon 2015 (Calvi, Cargèse, Pianottoli, Est Cap Corse, Sud Bastia et Sant’Amanza); - de démontrer le très bon état des masses d’eaux échantillonnées pour l’indicateur Phytoplancton; - d’émettre des recommandations visant à optimiser l’effort d’échantillonnage et la validité des résultats. La stratégie d’échantillonnage testée et validée propose de réaliser deux suivis « haute fréquence » au niveau des sites de référence de Calvi et de la station « Sud Bastia ». L’échantillonnage doit être réalisé en subsurface toute l’année, une fois par semaine de janvier à juin et une fois par quinzaine de juillet à décembre. Les autres masses d’eau sont échantillonnées une fois par mois, de janvier à décembre. Les résultats 2006 mettent en évidence les caractéristiques communes des communautés phytoplanctoniques des masses d’eau de Calvi, Cargèse et Pianottoli et des masses d’eau Est Cap Corse, Sud Bastia et Sant’Amanza. Ceci suggère que les suivis réalisés dans le cadre des contrôles de surveillance pourraient se limiter aux observations « haute fréquence » réalisées à Calvi et à la station « Sud Bastia ». [less ▲]

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See detailVoxel-based analysis of dementia severity versus age on cerebral metabolic dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease.
WITHOFS, Nadia ULg; SALMON, Eric ULg; LAUREYS, Steven ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2007), 48(SUPPL), 172

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See detailSafety of tibolone in the treatment of vasomotor symptoms in breast cancer patients – Design and baseline data LIBERATE trial”
Kubista, E.; Kenemans, P.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland ) (2007), 16

Many patients with a history of breast cancer (BC) will suffer from vasomotor symptoms, which can be induced or exacerbated by treatment with tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors. The LIBERATE trial was ... [more ▼]

Many patients with a history of breast cancer (BC) will suffer from vasomotor symptoms, which can be induced or exacerbated by treatment with tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors. The LIBERATE trial was designed as a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial to demonstrate that tibolone 2.5mg/day (Livial) is non-inferior to placebo regarding BC recurrence in women with vasomotor symptoms surgically treated for primary BC within the last 5 years. Secondary objectives are effects on vasomotor symptoms as well as overall survival, bone mineral density and health-related quality of life. Mean age at randomization was 52.6 years, and the mean time since surgery was 2.1 years. The mean daily number of hot flushes and sweating episodes was 7.3 and 6.1, respectively. For the primary tumor, Stage IIA or higher was reported for >70% of the patients. In subjects whose receptor status was known, 78.2% of the tumors were estrogen receptors positive. At randomization, tamoxifen was given to 66.2% of all patients and aromatase inhibitors to 7%. Chemotherapy was reported by 5% at randomization. The adjuvant tamoxifen use in LIBERATE allows a comparison with the Stockholm trial (showing no risk of BC recurrence associated with hormone therapy), which was stopped prematurely subsequent to HABITS. The LIBERATE trial is the largest, ongoing, well-controlled study for treatment of vasomotor symptoms in BC patients [less ▲]

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See detailThermomechanical one-phase modeling of semi-solid thixoforming
Koeune, Roxane ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Int. Conf. on Computational Methods for Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering, COUPLED PROBLEMS 2007 (2007)

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See detailSmoothing the mosaic subclinical melanoderma by calcipotriol.
Pierard, Claudine ULg; Paquet, Philippe ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology & Venereology (2007), 21(5), 657-61

BACKGROUND: The observation of photo-exposed skin under ultraviolet light reveals a mosaic pattern of varying intensity in epidermal melanization. Several patterns of mosaic subclinical melanoderma (MSM ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The observation of photo-exposed skin under ultraviolet light reveals a mosaic pattern of varying intensity in epidermal melanization. Several patterns of mosaic subclinical melanoderma (MSM) have been described using a specially designed CCD camera and the ultraviolet light-enhanced visualization (ULEV) method. Vitamin D(3) and its analogues influence the biology of keratinocytes and melanocytes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of calcipotriol on MSM. METHODS: This randomized split-face study was conducted in 27 men to compare the effect of once daily applications of 5% calcipotriol cream or a moisturizing cream on the heterogeneity of facial MSM. Computerized image analysis of video images was used at 1-month intervals before and during a 2-month treatment, as well as during a 3-month follow-up. RESULTS: At both sites, the average melanin content of the epidermis showed no significant change over time. However, the mottled appearance was smoothened at the calcipotriol site, whereas it was increased at the site receiving the moisturizer. CONCLUSION: The decreased heterogeneity in MSM after calcipotriol applications suggests a control of the epidermal melanocyte unit by the vitamin D(3) derivative. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional, inflammatory and morphological characterisation of a cat model of allergic airway inflammation
Kirschvink, N.; Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Delvaux, François et al

in Veterinary Journal (2007), 174(3), 541-553

The aims of this study were to characterise a model of feline allergic airway inflammation and to test through a longitudinal investigation whether five repeated allergen exposures would lead to signs of ... [more ▼]

The aims of this study were to characterise a model of feline allergic airway inflammation and to test through a longitudinal investigation whether five repeated allergen exposures would lead to signs of airway remodelling that would be detectable in vivo. Eight healthy control cats and eight cats sensitised with Ascaris suum allergens were investigated. Barometric whole body plethysmography (BWBP) was used for the assessment of respiratory variables and airway responsiveness (AR). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was sampled for cytology and determination of F-2-isoprostane concentration and matrix metalloproteinase type 9 (MMP-9) activity. Thoracic radiography and bronchoscopy scores were also established. Cats were investigated prior to sensitisation and after inhalation of placebo or allergen challenge 1. BWBP measurements revealed a significant increase of enhanced pause (Penh), an index of bronchoconstriction, and AR in sensitised cats in response to allergen challenge 1. A significant increase in BALF neutrophil and eosinophil %, F-2-isoprostane concentration and MMP-9 activity, and increased radiography and bronchoscopy scores were recorded. After a recovery period of 6 weeks, all variables except BALF MMP-9 returned to baseline values. Four further allergen challenges induced similar changes to those seen in challenge I and no signs of persistent changes suggestive of bronchial remodelling were detectable. The model provides an in vivo approach to functional, inflammatory and morphological changes occurring in response to single and repeated allergen exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailThe INCL model for spallation reactions below 10 GeV
Pedoux, Sophie ULg; Cugnon, Joseph ULg; Aoust, Thierry et al

in Advances in Space Research (2007), 40(9), 1332-1338

The Liège intranuclear cascade (INCL) model is shortly presented. The predictive power of its standard version concerning the description of nucleon-induced spallation reactions in the 200 MeV to ~2 GeV ... [more ▼]

The Liège intranuclear cascade (INCL) model is shortly presented. The predictive power of its standard version concerning the description of nucleon-induced spallation reactions in the 200 MeV to ~2 GeV range of incident energy is indicated. Current improvements of the model, in particular its extension to higher energies, are emphasized. The capabilities of the model for possible applications in astrophysics, space research and protontherapy are pointed out. [less ▲]

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