References of "2007"
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See detailJacques Dubois, Stendhal, une sociologie romanesque, Paris, la découverte, 2007, 251 p.
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2007)

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See detailGlycosaminoglycan interactions in murine gammaherpesvirus-68 infection.
Gillet, Laurent ULg; Adler, Heiko; Stevenson, Philip G

in PLoS ONE (2007), 2(4), 347

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) commonly participate in herpesvirus entry. They are thought to provide a reversible attachment to cells that promotes subsequent receptor binding. Murine gamma-herpesvirus-68 ... [more ▼]

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) commonly participate in herpesvirus entry. They are thought to provide a reversible attachment to cells that promotes subsequent receptor binding. Murine gamma-herpesvirus-68 (MHV-68) infection of fibroblasts and epithelial cells is highly GAG-dependent. This is a function of the viral gp150, in that gp150-deficient mutants are much less GAG-dependent than wild-type. Here we show that the major MHV-68 GAG-binding protein is not gp150 but gp70, a product of ORF4. Surprisingly, ORF4-deficient MHV-68 showed normal cell binding and was more sensitive than wild-type to inhibition by soluble heparin rather than less. Thus, the most obvious viral GAG interaction made little direct contribution to infection. Indeed, a large fraction of the virion gp70 had its GAG-binding domain removed by post-translational cleavage. ORF4 may therefore act mainly to absorb soluble GAGs and prevent them from engaging gp150 prematurely. In contrast to gp70, gp150 bound poorly to GAGs, implying that it provides little in the way of adhesion. We hypothesize that it acts instead as a GAG-sensitive switch that selectively activates MHV-68 entry at cell surfaces. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatial pattern analysis as a focus of landscape ecology to support evaluation of human impact on landscapes and diversity
Koffi, K; Deblauwe, V; Sibomana, S et al

in Hong, S-K; Nakagoshi, N; Fu, B (Eds.) et al Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas: Linking Man and Nature Systems (2007)

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See detailLe farfalle di Madrid : L'antimonio, i narratori italiani e la guerra civile spagnola
Curreri, Luciano ULg

Book published by Bulzoni (2007)

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See detailEffect Of Site Location And Collecting Period On The Chemical Composition Of Hyptis Spicigera Lam. An Insecticidal Essential Oil From North-Cameroon
Noudjou, Félicité; Kouninki, Habiba; Ngamo, Léonard S.T. et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (2007), 19(6), 597-601

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See detailCharge de la preuve et théorie du contrôle en droit communautaire de la concurrence : pour un changement de perspective
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg; Barbier de La Serre, Eric

in Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Européen (2007), (2), 205-252

Many authors have pointed to a lack of clarity in the existing case law of EC courts in the field of competition law regarding the allocation of the burden of proof, as well as the determination of the ... [more ▼]

Many authors have pointed to a lack of clarity in the existing case law of EC courts in the field of competition law regarding the allocation of the burden of proof, as well as the determination of the standard of proof. This article attempts to clarify the concepts underlying these questions, bearing in mind that the Court reasons in more than one language. It consists in three sections. The first section is of a theoretical nature. It shows how questions regarding the allocation of the burden of proof and judicial control are conceptualised differently in different legal traditions. It also attempts to clarify the notions of burden of proof, standard of proof and standard of control. With regard to these notions, as is often the case, EC case law appears to be a melting pot of different legal traditions. It is thus shown that notions originating both in the common law and in the civil law tradition are useful to understand EC case law in relation to the issues of proof and control. The second section is more descriptive. It states the current law and illustrates with examples from court cases the usefulness of the various notions defined in the first section. It leads to the conclusion that the common law notions of standard of proof and standard of control are not sufficient to understand the intensity of control applied by Community courts over Commission’s decisions. The third section proposes another description of judicial control, based on the notions of “scenario” (depicting the economic story line adduced by the Commission to account for anticompetitive effect) and “economic normality”, as perceived by judges. [less ▲]

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See detailCan passive house be the solution to our energy problems, and particularly with solar energy?
Merciadri, Luca ULg

E-print/Working paper (2007)

A description about the main characteristics of the passive house concept. The aim of this document is to answer to the question ``Can passive house be the solution to our energy problems, and ... [more ▼]

A description about the main characteristics of the passive house concept. The aim of this document is to answer to the question ``Can passive house be the solution to our energy problems, and particularly with solar energy ?'' in an objective way. [less ▲]

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See detailGivetian megaspores from Libya and Belgium
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Breuer, P.; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailValproic acid induces apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells through activation of the death receptor pathway and potentiates TRAIL response.
Lagneaux, Laurence; Gillet, Nicolas ULg; Stamatopoulos, Basile et al

in Experimental hematology (2007), 35(10), 1527-37

OBJECTIVE: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells develop chemoresistance over time associated with defects in apoptosis pathway. Novel treatment strategies are required to overcome resistance of cells ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells develop chemoresistance over time associated with defects in apoptosis pathway. Novel treatment strategies are required to overcome resistance of cells to commonly used agents. The effects of valproic acid (VPA), an antiepileptic drug with histone deacetylase inhibitory activity, on mononuclear cells isolated from 40 CLL patients were evaluated. METHODS: CLL cells were treated with increasing doses of VPA (0.5, 1, 2, and 5 mM). The mode of cytotoxic drug action was determined by annexin binding, DNA fragmentation, and caspase activation. RESULTS: Exposure of CLL cells to VPA resulted in dose-dependent cytotoxicity and apoptosis in the 40 CLL patients. VPA treatment induced apoptotic changes in CLL cells including phosphatidylserine externalization and DNA fragmentation. The mean apoptotic rates were similar between IgV(H) mutated and unmutated patients, the latter presenting a more aggressive clinical course. VPA induced apoptosis via the extrinsic pathway involving engagement of the caspase-8-dependent cascade. Although CLL cells are commonly resistant to death receptor-induced apoptosis, VPA significantly increased sensitivity of leukemic cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and led to downregulation of c-FLIP (L) expression. VPA caused no potentialization of TRAIL-induced apoptosis on normal B cells. In addition, VPA overcame the prosurvival effects of bone marrow stromal cells. CONCLUSION: These findings point out that the combination of TRAIL and VPA, at clinically relevant concentration, may be valuable in the treatment of CLL. [less ▲]

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See detailOtage(s)
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Durand, Pascal (Ed.) Les Nouveaux Mots du Pouvoir. Abécédaire critique (2007)

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See detailOxygen mass transfer in a biphasic medium: Influence on the biotransformation of methyl ricinoleate into γ-decalactone by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica
Gomes, N.; Aguedo, Mario ULg; Teixeira, J. et al

in Biochemical Engineering Journal (2007), 35(3), 380-386

In this work, an empirical correlation is proposed to describe kLa as a function of operating conditions (agitation and aeration rates) and of oil and surfactant volumetric fractions in a ... [more ▼]

In this work, an empirical correlation is proposed to describe kLa as a function of operating conditions (agitation and aeration rates) and of oil and surfactant volumetric fractions in a biotransformation medium, an oil-in-water dispersion. An interaction effect between the oil and the surfactant effects was found, since oil presence increased kLa in the absence of the surfactant but had an opposite effect when Tween 80 was available in the medium. The biotransformation of methyl ricinoleate (MR) into γ-decalactone (an aroma compound of industrial interest), by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, was carried out at different conditions of operation, to evaluate the influence of kLa on the production of the aroma. It was demonstrated that kLa had an influence on the aroma production; however, for the low hydrophobic substrate concentration used (1.08% v/v) and cellular density of 2.0 × 107 cells mL-1, a minimal kLa value of 70 h-1 was necessary to attain the maximal aroma production. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPaysages patrimoniaux en Wallonie (Belgique), analyse par approche des paysages témoins
Droeven, Emilie ULg; Dubois, Catherine; Feltz, Claude ULg

in Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales (2007), 84-85

In 2000, the Walloon Region (Belgium) has initiated a research program at the Standing Conference on Territorial Development (CPDT) in order to address the European Landscape Convention requirements. The ... [more ▼]

In 2000, the Walloon Region (Belgium) has initiated a research program at the Standing Conference on Territorial Development (CPDT) in order to address the European Landscape Convention requirements. The research concentrated at first on the identification and the typology of Walloon macrolandscapes at a regional scale. Then the research focussed on the landscapes characterisation at a scale of 1/20 000 and their patrimonial qualification. The paper traces the research progress (definition of the concepts of landscape and patrimonial landscape, the adopted procedure) and presents the elaborated method to appreciate the landscapes scientific values, called the method of the “witness landscape”. It also presents the difficulties met during its application on the field. The method is iterative and combines the observation on the field, the review of both historic and present cartographies, the interpretation of aerial photographs and the mobilisation of the available bibliography. Reading, analysing, nderstanding and documenting the landscape in order to highlight the meaningful landscapes’ configurations and components, such was one of the research team contributions to the landscape management. [less ▲]

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See detailConception d’une méthode destinée à promouvoir l’implantation de bandes herbeuses extensives dans les prairies permanentes en Wallonie.
De Longueville, Florence; Tychon, Bernard ULg; Oger, Robert et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2007), 11(1), 19-26

Conception of a method to promote extensive grassy headland’s establishment in permanent meadows of the Walloon Region. In accordance with agriculture evolution in Europe, the Walloon Region has ... [more ▼]

Conception of a method to promote extensive grassy headland’s establishment in permanent meadows of the Walloon Region. In accordance with agriculture evolution in Europe, the Walloon Region has emphasized the importance of buffer zones in agricultural parcels since many years. Consequently, one of the agri-environmental measures in force at the present time concerns extensive grassland strips settlement in agricultural parcels. Buffer zones preserve river quality, reduce soil erosion, diversify landscapes and promote biodiversity. With a Geographic Information System (GIS) based on the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) of the Walloon General Directorate of Agriculture, it is possible to detect parcel sections where farmers can introduce extensive strips in accordance with legal specifications in order to benefit of grants. Results of the new method are presented in a diagnostic table which includes an indicator expressing the total grantable strips length (in meters) at the exploitation scale. Its calculation is based on existing strips, surface and location of permanent meadow parcels. Results are completed with cartographic representation of settlement’s possibilities for each exploitation. These two complementary tools – diagnostic table and geographical map – can be very useful to manage agricultural exploitations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes principales formations végétales
Ouédraogo, M.; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Cornélis, D.

in Delvingt, W.; Vermeulen, Cédric (Eds.) Nazinga (2007)

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See detailEvaluation comportementale et par neuroimagerie fonctionnelle des patients en état végétatif
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Schnakers, Caroline ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62 Spec No

Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. This should incite clinicians to use the most sensitive "coma scales" to detect signs of consciousness in these patients. The ... [more ▼]

Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. This should incite clinicians to use the most sensitive "coma scales" to detect signs of consciousness in these patients. The gold standard remains the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS, Teasdale and Jennet, 1974), with the Glasgow Liege Scale (GLS, Born, 1988) adding standardized assessment of brainstem reflexes. New sensible behavioral assessment tools for use in the acute neurocritical care setting include the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR, Wijdicks et al., 2005). The Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R, Giacino and Kalmar, 2004) specifically tests the diagnostic criteria differentiating vegetative from minimally conscious patients. Detecting signs of consciousness also depends on the employed methodology. We showed that for the assesment of the presence of visual pursuit, using a moving mirror is better suited than using a moving object or person. The clinical diagnosis can be confirmed by cerebral positron emission tomography studies objectively quantifying residual metabolic activity in vegetative and minimally conscious patients. Ongoing studies evaluate the prognostic value of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies in these challenging patient populations. [less ▲]

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See detailTre pastiches montaliani di Fabio Pusterla
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

in Per leggere (2007), 12

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See detailThermal and structural behavior of blends made of palm oil, anhydrous milk fat or their fractions.
Braipson, Sabine ULg; Gibon, Véronique; Deroanne, Claude

Conference (2007)

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See detailCurrent Post Harvest Practices to Avoid Insect Attacks on Stored Grains in Northern Cameroon
Ngamo, Tinkeu S.L.; Ngassoum, Martin B.; Mapongmestsem, Pierre M. et al

in Agricultural Journal (2007), 2(2), 242-247

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (7 ULg)