References of "2007"
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See detailRelevance of nitric oxide for myocardial remodeling.
MASSION, Paul ULg; Balligand, Jean-Luc

in Current Heart Failure Reports (2007), 4(1), 18-25

Endogenous myocardial nitric oxide (NO) may modulate the transition from adaptive to maladaptive remodeling leading to heart failure. In rodent models of pressure overload or myocardial infarction, the ... [more ▼]

Endogenous myocardial nitric oxide (NO) may modulate the transition from adaptive to maladaptive remodeling leading to heart failure. In rodent models of pressure overload or myocardial infarction, the three NO synthase (NOS) isoforms were shown to play a neutral, protective, or even adverse role in myocardial remodeling, depending on the quantity of NO produced, the location of each NOS and their regulators, the prevailing oxidant stress and resultant NO/oxidant balance, as well as NOS coupling/dimerization. Beside neuronal NOS and--in specific conditions--inducible NOS isoforms, endothelial NOS (eNOS) exerts cardioprotective effects on pressure-overload, ischemia/reperfusion, and myocardial infarction-induced myocardial remodeling, provided the enzyme remains in a coupled state. Besides its effects on excitation-contraction coupling in response to stretch, eNOS acts as an "endogenous beta-blocker" by restoring the sympathovagal balance, opposing excessive hypertrophy as well as promoting vasodilatation and neoangiogenesis, thereby contributing to tissue repair. As eNOS was also shown to mediate the beneficial effects of cardiovascular drugs commonly used in patients with heart failure, strategies to increase its expression and/or coupled catalytic activity in the myocardium offer new therapeutic avenues for the treatment of this disease. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a RAPD marker and a semi-selective medium for aureobasidium pullulans (strain Ach1-1), a biocontrol agent against postharvest disease on apples
El Hamouchi, A.; Najimi, B.; Achbani, E. H. et al

in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2007), 30

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See detailChanges of sub-fossil chironomid assemblages associated with volcanic sediment deposition in an Andean lake (38 degrees S), Chile
Araneda, Alberto; Cruces, Fabiola; Torres, Laura et al

in Revista Chilena de Historia Natural (2007), 80(2), 141-156

Chironomid assemblages and sedimentological parameters (grain size, organic content, mineralogy) of a short sediment core from Lake Galletue (38 degrees 41' S, 71 degrees 17' W) were analysed. The ... [more ▼]

Chironomid assemblages and sedimentological parameters (grain size, organic content, mineralogy) of a short sediment core from Lake Galletue (38 degrees 41' S, 71 degrees 17' W) were analysed. The sedimentary record includes one volcanic ash (tephra) layer, which has a completely different composition than the host sediment in terms of organic content, grain size, and mineralogy. According to the geochronology (Pb-210 and Cs-137), this ash layer corresponds to the eruption of Llaima Volcano in 1956-1957. The tephra deposition had an impact on chironomid assemblages producing, among other changes, an increase in Parakiefferiella and a decrease in Ablabesmyia, although no noticeable change was detected in the diversity index. When compared with other studies, our results also show an impact in terms of the presence of chironomid head capsules within the tephra. The presence of these head capsules could result from the effects of percolation, since the coarse grain size of the tephra particles provides large interstitial spaces. The recovery in the abundances of some taxa after the tephra input, suggests the lake is probably restoring the conditions prevailing before the tephra fall. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology and genetics of pituitary tumors
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2007)

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See detailEmerging therapeutic agents for onychomycosis.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs (2007), 12(3), 345-53

Onychomycosis is a frequent disorder that represents the most prevalent fungal infection, particularly among older individuals. Diverse fungi of the dermatophyte, non-dermatophyte mold and yeast families ... [more ▼]

Onychomycosis is a frequent disorder that represents the most prevalent fungal infection, particularly among older individuals. Diverse fungi of the dermatophyte, non-dermatophyte mold and yeast families have been reported to be responsible for onychomycosis. The output from the pharmaceutical industry of new antifungals to treat onychomycosis has been limited over the last decade. Present treatment options include both oral and topical drugs, with oral therapies giving better outcomes. However, neither of these treatment options provides high cure rates that are durable. At present, azoles and allylamines are keeping the pivotal roles. New derivatives with a favorable risk-benefit ratio and new formulations of older azoles seem to be promising. Thus, ongoing drug development activities have focused on novel delivery technologies to facilitate incorporation of existing antifungal drugs inside the nail plate and the discovery of new active antifungals. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro study of the influence of temperature, pH and Aw on the growth rate of trichoderma aspergillum
Begoude, B. A. D.; Lahlali, R.; Friel, D. et al

in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2007), 30

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See detailNatural antibody--complement dependent neutralization of bovine herpesvirus 4 by human serum
Machiels, Bénédicte ULg; Gillet, Laurent ULg; Brito, Sieberth Do Nascimento et al

in Microbes & Infection (2007), 9(14-15), 1530-1537

In contrast to most gammaherpesviruses, Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) has a broad range of host species both in vitro and in vivo. Several in vitro studies demonstrated that some human cell lines are ... [more ▼]

In contrast to most gammaherpesviruses, Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) has a broad range of host species both in vitro and in vivo. Several in vitro studies demonstrated that some human cell lines are sensitive or even permissive to BoHV-4. These observations led to the hypothesis that cross-species transmission of BoHV-4 could lead to human infections. In the present study, we investigate the sensitivity of BoHV-4 to neutralization by naïve human sera in order to determine if humans exhibit innate anti-viral activities against this virus. Our results demonstrate that human sera from naïve individuals, in contrast to the sera of naïve subjects from various animal species, neutralize BoHV-4 efficiently. A series of complementary experiments were performed to unravel the mechanism(s) of this neutralization. The data obtained in this study demonstrates that human serum neutralizes BoHV-4 in a complement dependent manner activated by natural antibodies raised against the Galalpha1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-R epitope expressed by bovine cells [less ▲]

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See detailLe nouveau 'partenariat stratégique' avec le Brésil: point d'inflexion dans la stratégie latino-américaine de l'UE?
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Europa & America Latina (2007), 2

La présente contribution se penche sur l’évolution actuelle de la stratégie latino-américaine de l’Union européenne et plus particulièrement sur le nouveau « partenariat stratégique » scellé par cette ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution se penche sur l’évolution actuelle de la stratégie latino-américaine de l’Union européenne et plus particulièrement sur le nouveau « partenariat stratégique » scellé par cette dernière, en juillet 2007, avec le Brésil. Pourquoi, après tant d’années d’efforts à construire des relations de groupe à groupe régional avec le MERCOSUR, Bruxelles s’intéresse dorénavant à développer des relations directes et régulières avec Brasilia ? La réponse à la question est pluricausale. Au-delà des déterminants liés au système international post-11 septembre et aux aspirations européennes de reconnaissance internationale dans un monde davantage stato-centré, l’initiative communautaire s’explique également par les mutations auxquelles fait face la scène politique latino-américaine et par la volonté de l’Union d’adapter sa stratégie à ces changements. [less ▲]

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See detailWound age effect on the efficacy of Candida oleophila strain O against post-harvest decay of apple fruits.
Bajji, M.; Jijakli, Mohamed ULg

in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2007), 30(6(1)), 279-282

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See detailRéhabilitation de cours d'eau : complémentarité de la morphologie et de la qualité de l'eau
Dupont, Etienne; Hallot, Eric ULg; Verniers, Gisèle et al

in La Gestion physique des cours d'eau : bilan d'une décennie d'ingénierie écologique (2007)

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See detailRetirement age and health expenditures
Cremer, Helmuth; Lozachmeur, Jean-Marie; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Annales d'Economie et de Statistique (2007), (83/84),

We study the design of pension benefits and contributions when an individual’s health status depends on his consumption of health services. Health services can be subsidized and their uniform public ... [more ▼]

We study the design of pension benefits and contributions when an individual’s health status depends on his consumption of health services. Health services can be subsidized and their uniform public provision is also considered. We show that the second-best policy induces early retirement and that health expenditures ought to be subsidized under plausible assumptions. When only linear subsidies are available, the case for uniform public provision of health services appears to be quite strong. [less ▲]

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See detailNouvelles approches dans la prise en charge de l'infection a VIH.
Chandrika, K.; Dellot, Patricia ULg; Frippiat, Frédéric ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62 Spec No

HIV infection remains a major problem of public health in Belgium as well as globally. The number of new diagnosies of HIV infection in Belgium remains between two and three daily. Given the dramatic ... [more ▼]

HIV infection remains a major problem of public health in Belgium as well as globally. The number of new diagnosies of HIV infection in Belgium remains between two and three daily. Given the dramatic effect of antiretroviral therapy on the mortality due to HIV infection, the number of patients is constantly increasing. The different problems related to HIV care are also changing. Aging of the patients and chronic exposure to antiretroviral medications have induced new complications. We will present in this brief article several new experimental and clinical approaches in which our centre has participated during the last two years. [less ▲]

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