References of "2007"
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See detailLes principales formations végétales
Ouédraogo, M.; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Cornélis, D.

in Delvingt, W.; Vermeulen, Cédric (Eds.) Nazinga (2007)

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See detailActualités en droit pénal social
Maréchal, Benoît ULg

Conference (2007)

Introduction to the social criminal law.

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See detailCaroline Spurgeon and her Relationship to Chaucer. The Text of her Viva Presentation at the Sorbonne
Dor, Juliette ULg

in Summerfield, Théa; Busby, Keith (Eds.) People and Texts. Relationships in Medieval Literature (2007)

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See detailLes bêtabloquants sont-ils encore des medicaments de premier choix pour le traitement de l'hypertension arterielle non compliquee?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6, May-Jun), 254-7

Arterial hypertension is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, proportional to the blood pressure level. Treating hypertension reduces the risk. Until recently, beta-blockers were ... [more ▼]

Arterial hypertension is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, proportional to the blood pressure level. Treating hypertension reduces the risk. Until recently, beta-blockers were considered as a first line class for hypertension management. The British Hypertension Society has recently pronounced that using beta-blockers as first line antihypertensive therapy is no good choice since these agents are less protective than other antihypertensive classes against cardiovascular disorders and diabetes mellitus, especially when used in association with diuretics. [less ▲]

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See detailFace Recognition Failures in Schizotypy
Laroi, Frank ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg et al

in Cognitive Neuropsychiatry (2007), 12(6), 554-71

INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest an important role of disturbances of self in schizophrenia and in schizotypy. Based on findings from a previous study (Bredart & Young, 2004), we developed a questionnaire ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest an important role of disturbances of self in schizophrenia and in schizotypy. Based on findings from a previous study (Bredart & Young, 2004), we developed a questionnaire assessing self-face recognition failures in everyday life (Self-Face Recognition Questionnaire; SFRQ) to investigate the relations between dimensions of schizotypy (cognitive-perceptual, interpersonal, disorganised) and self-face recognition disturbances. METHODS: A sample of nonclinical participants (n = 170) completed the SFRQ and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire. RESULTS: Factor analysis of SFRQ items revealed a clear three-factor structure consisting of: (1) self-face recognition difficulties, (2) unusual perception of own or other faces, and (3) other-face recognition difficulties. Correlational analyses between schizotypy dimensions and the SFRQ revealed that only the cognitive-perceptual and disorganised schizotypy dimensions correlated significantly with the SFRQ. By contrast, the interpersonal schizotypy dimension was not associated with the SFRQ. CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide further support that positive (cognitive-perceptual) and negative (interpersonal) schizotypy represent discrete neurobehavioural dimensions. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailHuman gene organization driven by the coordination of replication and transcription
Huvet, Maxime; Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Touchon, Marie et al

in Genome Research (2007), 17(9), 1278-1285

In this work, we investigated a large-scale organization of the human genes with respect to putative replication origins. We developed an appropriate multiscale method to analyze the nucleotide ... [more ▼]

In this work, we investigated a large-scale organization of the human genes with respect to putative replication origins. We developed an appropriate multiscale method to analyze the nucleotide compositional skew along the genome and found that in more than one-quarter of the genome, the skew profile presents characteristic patterns consisting of successions of N-shaped structures, designated here N-domains, bordered by putative replication origins. Our analysis of recent experimental timing data confirmed that, in a number of cases, domain borders coincide with replication initiation zones active in the early S phase, whereas the central regions replicate in the late S phase. Around the putative origins, genes are abundant and broadly expressed, and their transcription is co-oriented with replication fork progression. These features weaken progressively with the distance from putative replication origins. At the center of domains, genes are rare and expressed in few tissues. We propose that this specific organization could result from the constraints of accommodating the replication and transcription initiation processes at chromatin level, and reducing head-on collisions between the two machineries. Our findings provide a new model of gene organization in the human genome, which integrates transcription, replication, and chromatin structure as coordinated determinants of genome architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailFeline herpesvirus
Gaskell, Rosalind; Dawson, Susan; Radford, Alan et al

in Veterinary Research (2007), 38(2, FEB-MAR), 337-354

Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1; felid herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1)) is an alphaherpesvirus of cats closely related to canine herpesvirus-1 and phocine herpesvirus-1. There is only one serotype of the virus and it is ... [more ▼]

Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1; felid herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1)) is an alphaherpesvirus of cats closely related to canine herpesvirus-1 and phocine herpesvirus-1. There is only one serotype of the virus and it is relatively homogenous genetically. FeHV-1 is an important cause of acute upper respiratory tract and ocular disease in cats. In addition, its role in more chronic ocular disease and skin lesions is increasingly being recognised. Epidemiologically, FeHV-1 behaves as a typical alphaherpesvirus whereby clinically recovered cats become latently infected carriers which undergo periodic episodes of virus reactivation, particularly after a stress. The primary site of latency is the trigeminal ganglion. Conventional inactivated and modified-live vaccines are available and protect reasonably well against disease but not infection, although viral shedding may be reduced. Genetically engineered vaccines have also been developed, both for FeHV-1 and as vector vaccines for other pathogens, but none is as yet marketed. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimentally induced epizootic rabbit enteropathy: Clinical, histopathological, ultrastructural, bacteriological and haematological findings
Dewrée, Roxane; Meulemans, L.; Lassence, Cédric ULg et al

in World Rabbit Science (2007), 15(2, APR-JUN), 91-102

Epizootic rabbit enteropathy is an emerging disease that has appeared in French intensive enclosed rabbit farms since the beginning of 1997. Common clinical signs are mild watery diarrhoea with ... [more ▼]

Epizootic rabbit enteropathy is an emerging disease that has appeared in French intensive enclosed rabbit farms since the beginning of 1997. Common clinical signs are mild watery diarrhoea with considerable distension of the abdomen. At necropsy, a significant dilation of the stomach and small intestine without gross evidence of acute or chronic enteric lesions (inflammation or congestion) was observed. The purpose of this study was to describe the anatomopathologic changes concerning the small intestine and those concerning the blood profile, in experimentally infected rabbits. In a first part of the experiment, thirty animals were inoculated with a reference inoculum and five were kept as controls for clinical signs examination and histopathological study. In a second part, 17 out of the inoculated rabbits and the 5 controls animals were randomly assigned to blood testing. Microscopic lesions were studied in sections from the different parts of the small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) by light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The histological findings revealed only limited inflammation in inoculated animals. Major villous changes were atrophy, fusion, destruction and loss of epithelial cells. In inoculated rabbits, the congestion and dilation of blood vessels of jejunal lamina propria were significantly higher than in control animals (P<0.005). There was significantly more (P<0.05) apoptosis of cells of the jejunal epithelium in inoculated rabbits than in control animals. Infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophiles was observed into the jejunal or ileal tunica muscularis. SEM performed on the intestinal tract of 15 inoculated rabbits revealed blankets and globular particles of mucus associated with numerous bacteria on jejunum and ileum villi. This was; not observed in the intestinal tract of control rabbits. Bacteria were found adhering to the epithelial surface and inside intestinal epithelial cells in a few animals by TEM and by light microscopy after Warthin-Starry staining. None of the bacteria isolated from the intestinal mixed contents and cultivated on usual media, are commonly known as rabbit's pathogens. Regarding the haernatological profile, neutrophil counts significantly increased (P<0.05) and lymphocyte counts significantly decreased (P<0.01), in inoculated rabbits compared to those of the control group. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial Report 2006
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Amphibia-Reptilia (2007), 28(3), 455-456

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See detailNotions d'histoire de l'art et archéologie: Orient ancien
Van der Stede, Véronique ULg

Learning material (2007)

 Syllabus destiné aux étudiants de 2e et 3e année de BA. Il reprend la matière présentée dans le cadre du cours de « Notions d’histoire de l’art et d’archéologie : orient ancien », soit une sélection des ... [more ▼]

 Syllabus destiné aux étudiants de 2e et 3e année de BA. Il reprend la matière présentée dans le cadre du cours de « Notions d’histoire de l’art et d’archéologie : orient ancien », soit une sélection des artefacts et des vestiges les plus significatifs de la période comprise entre le Natoufien et le milieu du 1er millénaire av. n. è. Cette documentation archéologique est replacée dans son contexte historique et géographique. [less ▲]

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See detailSequence-optimised E2 constructs from BVDV-1b and BVDV-2 for DNA immunisation in cattle
Couvreur, B.; Letellier, C.; Olivier, Fabrice ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2007), 38(6, NOV-DEC), 819-834

We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were ... [more ▼]

We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were optimised for efficient expression in mammalian cells. A modified leader peptide sequence from protein gD of BoHV1 was inserted upstream of the E2 coding sequences for efficient membrane export of the proteins. Recombinant E2 were efficiently expressed in COS7 cells and they presented the native viral epitopes as judged by differential recognition by antisera from cattle infected with BVDV-1 or BVDV-2. Inoculation of pooled plasmid DNA in young cattle elicited antibodies capable of neutralising viral strains representing the major circulating BVDV genotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailTL-dating applied to building archaeology: The case of the medieval church Notre-Dame-Sous-Terre (Mont-Saint-Michel, France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Guibert; Bouvier, Armel et al

in Radiation Measurements (2007), 42

The recent application of thermoluminescence (TL) dating to young building materials is being increasingly developed for use in the field of buildings archaeology. Ensuring the accuracy of the dating ... [more ▼]

The recent application of thermoluminescence (TL) dating to young building materials is being increasingly developed for use in the field of buildings archaeology. Ensuring the accuracy of the dating method is of the utmost importance in order to achieve results which are pertinent enough to have archaeological significance. This paper deals with an archaeological building study of the first church built on the Mont-Saint-Michel (France) and improvements made to the TL-protocol in Bordeaux. The aim is to achieve precise dates for the material under analysis and therefore, a better understanding of the evolution of the building. For this study, 14 bricks have been sampled from eight different masonries and submitted for TL dating analysis. With the exception of one sample which appears to be non-contemporaneous to the others, the date results range from 900 ± 80 to 1020 ± 60 AD. The results were then averaged according to the two phases established by the archaeological building study. The first two stages of the primitive church both date from the 10th century. [less ▲]

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See detailSalt, the kidneys and hypertension
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Cohen, E. P.

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2007), 62(5, Sep-Oct), 348-357

The kidneys play a major role in the regulation of the salt balance and thereby regulate blood pressure. Salt sensitivity is acquired or genetically-induced and is noted in about 50% of patients with ... [more ▼]

The kidneys play a major role in the regulation of the salt balance and thereby regulate blood pressure. Salt sensitivity is acquired or genetically-induced and is noted in about 50% of patients with essential hypertension.This property leads to a high cardiovascular risk. In this situation, the benefit of salt restriction is significant, and this dietary change should be associated with a high potassium intake. In patients treated by antihypertensive drugs, salt restriction improves the blood pressure control, which can permit a reduction of the number of drugs required to achieve a normal blood pressure. The recommended maximal salt intake should not exceed 6 grams/day (NaCl). Because most dietary salt comes from processed foods, the help of the food industry is crucial for a long-term compliance with a reduced salt intake, which could yield an additional important benefit in the reduction of cardiovascular risk. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisation de compétitions
Esch, Louis ULg

in Justens, Daniel (Ed.) Mathématiques sportives (2007)

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See detailModel GW band structure of InAs and GaAs in the wurtzite phase
Zanolli, Zeila ULg; Fuchs, F.; Furthmueller, J. et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2007), 75(24),

We report quasiparticle calculations of the newly observed wurtzite polymorph of InAs and GaAs. The calculations are performed in the GW approximation (based on a model dielectric function) using plane ... [more ▼]

We report quasiparticle calculations of the newly observed wurtzite polymorph of InAs and GaAs. The calculations are performed in the GW approximation (based on a model dielectric function) using plane waves and pseudopotentials. For comparison we also report the study of the zinc-blende phase within the same approximations. In the InAs compound the In 4d electrons play a very important role: whether they are frozen in the core or not leads either to a correct or a wrong band ordering (negative gap) within the local-density appproximation (LDA). We have calculated the GW band structure in both cases. In the first approach, we have estimated the correction to the pd repulsion calculated within the LDA and included this effect in the calculation of the GW corrections to the LDA spectrum. In the second case, we circumvent the negative gap problem by first using the screened exchange approximation and then calculating the GW corrections starting from the so obtained eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. This approach, that can be thought of as a step towards self-consistency, leads to a more realistic band structure and was also used for GaAs. For both InAs and GaAs in the wurtzite phase we predict an increase of the quasiparticle gap with respect to the zinc-blende polytype. [less ▲]

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See detailCatalase inhibition accelerates dormancy release and sprouting in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers.
Bajji, M.; M'Hamdi, M.; Gastiny, F. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2007), 11(2), 121-131

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