References of "2007"
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See detailCaroline Spurgeon and her Relationship to Chaucer. The Text of her Viva Presentation at the Sorbonne
Dor, Juliette ULg

in Summerfield, Théa; Busby, Keith (Eds.) People and Texts. Relationships in Medieval Literature (2007)

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See detailLes bêtabloquants sont-ils encore des medicaments de premier choix pour le traitement de l'hypertension arterielle non compliquee?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(5-6, May-Jun), 254-7

Arterial hypertension is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, proportional to the blood pressure level. Treating hypertension reduces the risk. Until recently, beta-blockers were ... [more ▼]

Arterial hypertension is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, proportional to the blood pressure level. Treating hypertension reduces the risk. Until recently, beta-blockers were considered as a first line class for hypertension management. The British Hypertension Society has recently pronounced that using beta-blockers as first line antihypertensive therapy is no good choice since these agents are less protective than other antihypertensive classes against cardiovascular disorders and diabetes mellitus, especially when used in association with diuretics. [less ▲]

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See detailMicro-entreprises in rural areas : redeployment of rurality in Walloon Region
Brulard, Cécile; Burny, Philippe ULg; Dogot, Thomas ULg et al

in 18th European Seminar on Extension Education "Supporting viable rural communities" : proceedings, September 2007 (2007)

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See detailAsian Foreign Exchange Risk Exposure
Muller, Aline ULg; Verschoor, Willem

in Journal of the Japanese & International Economies (2007), 21(1), 16-37

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See detailHuman gene organization driven by the coordination of replication and transcription
Huvet, Maxime; Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Touchon, Marie et al

in Genome Research (2007), 17(9), 1278-1285

In this work, we investigated a large-scale organization of the human genes with respect to putative replication origins. We developed an appropriate multiscale method to analyze the nucleotide ... [more ▼]

In this work, we investigated a large-scale organization of the human genes with respect to putative replication origins. We developed an appropriate multiscale method to analyze the nucleotide compositional skew along the genome and found that in more than one-quarter of the genome, the skew profile presents characteristic patterns consisting of successions of N-shaped structures, designated here N-domains, bordered by putative replication origins. Our analysis of recent experimental timing data confirmed that, in a number of cases, domain borders coincide with replication initiation zones active in the early S phase, whereas the central regions replicate in the late S phase. Around the putative origins, genes are abundant and broadly expressed, and their transcription is co-oriented with replication fork progression. These features weaken progressively with the distance from putative replication origins. At the center of domains, genes are rare and expressed in few tissues. We propose that this specific organization could result from the constraints of accommodating the replication and transcription initiation processes at chromatin level, and reducing head-on collisions between the two machineries. Our findings provide a new model of gene organization in the human genome, which integrates transcription, replication, and chromatin structure as coordinated determinants of genome architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailFeline herpesvirus
Gaskell, Rosalind; Dawson, Susan; Radford, Alan et al

in Veterinary Research (2007), 38(2, FEB-MAR), 337-354

Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1; felid herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1)) is an alphaherpesvirus of cats closely related to canine herpesvirus-1 and phocine herpesvirus-1. There is only one serotype of the virus and it is ... [more ▼]

Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1; felid herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1)) is an alphaherpesvirus of cats closely related to canine herpesvirus-1 and phocine herpesvirus-1. There is only one serotype of the virus and it is relatively homogenous genetically. FeHV-1 is an important cause of acute upper respiratory tract and ocular disease in cats. In addition, its role in more chronic ocular disease and skin lesions is increasingly being recognised. Epidemiologically, FeHV-1 behaves as a typical alphaherpesvirus whereby clinically recovered cats become latently infected carriers which undergo periodic episodes of virus reactivation, particularly after a stress. The primary site of latency is the trigeminal ganglion. Conventional inactivated and modified-live vaccines are available and protect reasonably well against disease but not infection, although viral shedding may be reduced. Genetically engineered vaccines have also been developed, both for FeHV-1 and as vector vaccines for other pathogens, but none is as yet marketed. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimentally induced epizootic rabbit enteropathy: Clinical, histopathological, ultrastructural, bacteriological and haematological findings
Dewrée, Roxane; Meulemans, L.; Lassence, Cédric ULg et al

in World Rabbit Science (2007), 15(2, APR-JUN), 91-102

Epizootic rabbit enteropathy is an emerging disease that has appeared in French intensive enclosed rabbit farms since the beginning of 1997. Common clinical signs are mild watery diarrhoea with ... [more ▼]

Epizootic rabbit enteropathy is an emerging disease that has appeared in French intensive enclosed rabbit farms since the beginning of 1997. Common clinical signs are mild watery diarrhoea with considerable distension of the abdomen. At necropsy, a significant dilation of the stomach and small intestine without gross evidence of acute or chronic enteric lesions (inflammation or congestion) was observed. The purpose of this study was to describe the anatomopathologic changes concerning the small intestine and those concerning the blood profile, in experimentally infected rabbits. In a first part of the experiment, thirty animals were inoculated with a reference inoculum and five were kept as controls for clinical signs examination and histopathological study. In a second part, 17 out of the inoculated rabbits and the 5 controls animals were randomly assigned to blood testing. Microscopic lesions were studied in sections from the different parts of the small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) by light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The histological findings revealed only limited inflammation in inoculated animals. Major villous changes were atrophy, fusion, destruction and loss of epithelial cells. In inoculated rabbits, the congestion and dilation of blood vessels of jejunal lamina propria were significantly higher than in control animals (P<0.005). There was significantly more (P<0.05) apoptosis of cells of the jejunal epithelium in inoculated rabbits than in control animals. Infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophiles was observed into the jejunal or ileal tunica muscularis. SEM performed on the intestinal tract of 15 inoculated rabbits revealed blankets and globular particles of mucus associated with numerous bacteria on jejunum and ileum villi. This was; not observed in the intestinal tract of control rabbits. Bacteria were found adhering to the epithelial surface and inside intestinal epithelial cells in a few animals by TEM and by light microscopy after Warthin-Starry staining. None of the bacteria isolated from the intestinal mixed contents and cultivated on usual media, are commonly known as rabbit's pathogens. Regarding the haernatological profile, neutrophil counts significantly increased (P<0.05) and lymphocyte counts significantly decreased (P<0.01), in inoculated rabbits compared to those of the control group. [less ▲]

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See detailLeadership et modèles de gestion des ressources humaines
Pichault, François ULg

in Cobbut, Eric (Ed.) Vers un leadership de qualité. Rêve ou réalité ? (2007)

Studies the contextual conditions under which a quality-based leadership may be efficient

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See detailDiagnosis of the sediment transport in the Belgian Coastal Zone
Mercier, Christophe ULg; Delhez, Eric ULg

in Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science (2007), 74(4), 670-683

Estimating the age of particles in marine environment constitutes an invaluable tool to understand the interactions between complex flows and sediment dynamics, particularly in highly energetic coastal ... [more ▼]

Estimating the age of particles in marine environment constitutes an invaluable tool to understand the interactions between complex flows and sediment dynamics, particularly in highly energetic coastal areas such as the Belgian Coastal Zone (Southern Bight in the North Sea). To this end, the Constituent Age and Residence time Theory-CART-introduced by Delhez, E.J.M., Campin, J.-M., Hirst, A.C., Deleersnijder, E. [1999a. Toward a general theory of the age in ocean modelling. Ocean Modelling 1, 17-27] for passive water constituents is extended to describe the sediment dynamics. It is then used in combination with a three-dimensional coupled hydrodynamic-sediment transport model to investigate sediment processes in the Belgian Coastal Zone focusing on two complementary aspects of the sediment dynamics: the internal sediment motion and redistribution within the Belgian coast; and the horizontal transport. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detail"Au-delà du principe de plaisir". Politique du désir et bataille de l'intelligence selon Bernard Stiegler
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Matière & l'Esprit (La) (2007), 9

Ce bref article présente Mécréance et Discrédit. 3. L’esprit perdu du capitalisme de Bernard Stiegler. Cet ouvrage récent constitue une partie d’un programme philosophique original, commencé en 1994 avec ... [more ▼]

Ce bref article présente Mécréance et Discrédit. 3. L’esprit perdu du capitalisme de Bernard Stiegler. Cet ouvrage récent constitue une partie d’un programme philosophique original, commencé en 1994 avec La Technique et le Temps 1. Profondément inscrit au sein de la pensée française contemporaine, notamment phénoménologique et psychanalytique, il donne d’un même élan la possibilité de penser la situation politique et intellectuelle depuis 1968 sur la base de ce qui a longtemps constitué l’impensé de la philosophie, la technique – marquée aujourd’hui par un devenir technologique de vaste ampleur –, menace mais aussi support prothétique de toute institution humaine individuelle ou collective. Le diagnostic sévère d’un épuisement du désir et d’une perte générale de l’attention exige une clarification de ces deux concepts, en vue de leur repolitisation. Un souci particulier sera accordé à la question de l’éducation, en tant qu’elle est le cadre dans lequel chacun de nous est affronté, de façon privilégiée, à ce qui, en lui, est bête. [less ▲]

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See detailCompétences et identité professionnelles : L’enseignement et autres métiers de l’interaction humaine
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

Book published by De Boeck Université (2007)

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See detailLinking flux network measurements to continental scale simulations: Ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange capacity under non-water-stressed conditions
Owen, Katherine; Tenhunen, John; Reichstein, Markus et al

in Global Change Biology (2007), 13

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See detailLe Gravettien du Nord-ouest de l'Europe
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Paléo. Revue d'Archéologie préhistorique (2007), 19

Around 30 sites have yielded Gravettian assemblages in Belgium. Present fairly early (28,000 BP), the Gravettian appears in trios distinct facies. The earliest includes large pointed blades and tanged ... [more ▼]

Around 30 sites have yielded Gravettian assemblages in Belgium. Present fairly early (28,000 BP), the Gravettian appears in trios distinct facies. The earliest includes large pointed blades and tanged tools; the most recent is marked by microlithic backed elements (truncated elements, microgravettes). These facies likely correspond to regional groups, for which the first can also be found fairly easily in neighbouring regions (England, Wales and northern France). In Rhenania, some 15 sites correspond to two facies (with Font Robert points and with microgravettes), similar but not identical to the Belgian facies. [less ▲]

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See detailLocked-in syndrome et états de conscience altérée: comment détecter la conscience?
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

in Pellas, Frederique; Kiefer; Weiss (Eds.) et al Entretiens de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation (2007)

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See detailNatural dualities for varieties generated by a set of subalgebras of a semi-primal algebra
Mathonet, Pierre ULg; Niederkorn, Philippe; Teheux, Bruno ULg

in Algebra and Discrete Mathematics (2007), (1), 67--85

The main contribution of this paper is the construction of a strong duality for the varieties generated by a set of subalgebras of a semi-primal algebra. We also obtain an axiomatization of the objects of ... [more ▼]

The main contribution of this paper is the construction of a strong duality for the varieties generated by a set of subalgebras of a semi-primal algebra. We also obtain an axiomatization of the objects of the dual category and develop some algebraic consequences (description of the dual of the finite structures and algebras, construction of finitely generated free algebras,. . . ). Eventually, we illustrate this work for the finitely generated varieties of MV-algebras. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrical transport and magnetic properties of Mn3O4-La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 ceramic composites prepared by a one-step spray-drying technique
Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of the European Ceramic Society (2007), 27(13-15), 3923-3926

La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/Mn3O4 composites can be synthesized in one step by thermal treatment of a spray-dried precursor, instead of mixing pre-synthesized powders. Another advantage of this composite system is ... [more ▼]

La0.7Ca0.3MnO3/Mn3O4 composites can be synthesized in one step by thermal treatment of a spray-dried precursor, instead of mixing pre-synthesized powders. Another advantage of this composite system is that a long sintering step can be used without leading to significant modification of the manganite composition. The percolation threshold is reached at ~ 20 vol% of manganite phase. The 77 K low field magnetoresistance is enhanced to ~ 11 % at 0.15 T when the composition is close to the percolation threshold. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCompléments et exercices d'application du droit social
Clesse, Jacques ULg

Learning material (2007)

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See detailA seven-year survey of Campylobacter contamination in meat at different production stages in Belgium
Ghafir, Yasmine; China, Bernard; Dierick, Katelijne et al

in International Journal of Food Microbiology (2007), 116(1), 35-45

The presence of Campylobacter was assessed in different samples of poultry, pork and beef meat and carcasses from slaughterhouses, production plants and retail level. An introductory study from 1997 to ... [more ▼]

The presence of Campylobacter was assessed in different samples of poultry, pork and beef meat and carcasses from slaughterhouses, production plants and retail level. An introductory study from 1997 to 1999, had the purpose of establishing the optimum dilution to detect changes in prevalence and allowed a semi-quantitative estimation of poultry and pork contamination. Following this, between 2000 and 2003, 4254 samples were taken in order to study the trends. The poultry matrixes represented the greatest number and the most highly contaminated samples, with 30.9% (in 0.01 g) positive samples, 18.7% (in 1 g), 46.9% (in 25 g) and 19.6% (in 0.01 g) for broiler carcasses, broiler fillets, prepared chicken and layer carcasses, respectively. Broiler carcasses and fillets sampled at retail level were significantly less contaminated than samples from production plants. Pork, beef and veal samples were rarely contaminated and, where contamination existed, it was at a low prevalence (maximum 5.0%). The high and unvarying prevalence of Campylobacter in poultry necessitates the implementation of intervention measures at the primary production level, in addition to methods of minimizing cross-contamination at the processing level. A survey plan in line with the present study could be used in the future to monitor the effects of the planned measures and performance objectives and to follow the evolution of Campylobacter contamination at all stages of the food chain, in accordance with European legislation. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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