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See detailSimplicius lecteur du "Sophiste". Contribution à l'étude de l'exégèse néoplatonicienne tardive
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

Book published by Klincksieck (2007)

Ce livre explore la méthode et l’interprétation du Sophiste par Simplicius, en tant qu’elles illustrent l’exégèse néoplatonicienne tardive et entraînent une restauration de la lettre du texte. À partir ... [more ▼]

Ce livre explore la méthode et l’interprétation du Sophiste par Simplicius, en tant qu’elles illustrent l’exégèse néoplatonicienne tardive et entraînent une restauration de la lettre du texte. À partir d’un corpus issu des commentaires (largement inédit en français), Marc-Antoine Gavray reconstruit la lecture de Simplicius et la met en regard avec celles de Plotin, de Proclus et de Damascius. Il en ressort une exégèse attentive, digne d’accompagner le lecteur moderne dans sa compréhension de Platon. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cancer du col de l'utérus: du virus au traitement
Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Goffin, Frédéric ULg; Kridelka, Frédéric ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(S1)

Squamous cell cancer of the uterine cervix is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide and in Belgium. New therapeutic approaches have been recently proposed. The development of this ... [more ▼]

Squamous cell cancer of the uterine cervix is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide and in Belgium. New therapeutic approaches have been recently proposed. The development of this cancer is related to the infection by oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) types. The link between cervical cancer and HPV has, in recent years, generated, a great interest for studies aiming to better understand the role of the immune system in the control of these infections and for the development of prophylactic anti-HPV vaccines. [less ▲]

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See detailA propos de la prevention et du traitement des maladies cardiovasculaires.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2007), 3(122), 1859-60

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See detailGlobal morphology of substorm growth phases observed by the IMAGE-SI12 imager
Blockx, Caroline ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Coumans, Valérie ULg et al

Poster (2007)

Growth phases are observed to start from less than 30 minutes to over an hour before the substorm onset. The sector of maximum proton precipitation during the growth phase is generally located around 2200 ... [more ▼]

Growth phases are observed to start from less than 30 minutes to over an hour before the substorm onset. The sector of maximum proton precipitation during the growth phase is generally located around 2200 MLT. It rapidly moves in local time by about 1.2 hour toward midnight at the time of the onset. The open magnetic flux increases by as much as a 33% during the growth phase. The mean value of the open flux at the end of the growth phase, immediately preceding the substorm, onset is about 0.74. GWb for substorms triggered by external (solar wind) factors and 0.67 GWb for non-triggered substorms. The open magnetic flux generally drops following the onset of triggered substorms but continues to increase for non-triggered events. We interpret this behavior as an indication that the rate of opening of closed field lines on the dayside can exceed that of the nightside reconnection after the onset in non-triggered substorms. By contrast, flux closure is more efficient while the flux opening rate drops in the case of externally triggered onset, so that the closure rate exceeds that of field line opening on the dayside. The rate of equatorward displacement is typically ~ 3 deg/hour. It is statistically correlated with the magnitude of the southward Bz component of the IMF measured by the ACE satellite. It is also correlated with transfer functions describing the efficiency of solar wind energy transfer which involve the transverse electric field carried by the solar wind. The equatorward motion may be global, restricted to local time sectors or a combination of both. No nightside local time sector appears favored where the motion of the equatorial boundary would be more pronounced. The maximum displacement of the polar boundary is statistically located around midnight MLT. [less ▲]

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See detailL'arrêt Cottin c. Belgique ou l'irrésistible marche vers l'expertise contradictoire en matière pénale
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue Trimestrielle des Droits de l'Homme (2007), 69

état de la question de du caractère contradictoire ou non de l'expertise en matière pénale en procédure pénale belge.

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See detailOccurrence of perfluorooctane sulfonate and other perfluorinated alkylated substances in harbor porpoises from the Black Sea
Van de Vijver, Kristin Inneke; Holsbeek, Ludo; Das, Krishna ULg et al

in Environmental Science & Technology (2007), 41(1), 315-320

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) were determined in liver, kidney, muscle, brain, and blubber samples of 31 harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena relicta ... [more ▼]

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) were determined in liver, kidney, muscle, brain, and blubber samples of 31 harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena relicta) of different age and sex stranded along the Ukrainian coast of the Black Sea. In all individuals and in all tissues, PFOS was the predominant PFAS, accounting for on average 90% of the measured PFAS load. PFOS concentrations were the highest in liver (327 +/- 351 ng/g wet wt) and kidney (147 +/- 262 ng/g wet wt) tissue, and lower in blubber (18 +/- 8 ng/g wet wt), muscle (41 +/- 50 ng/g wet wt), and brain (24 +/- 23 ng/g wet wt). No significant differences could be determined between males and females, nor between juvenile and adult animals (p > 0.05). Perfluorononanoic acid, perfluorodecanoic acid, perfluoroundecanoic acid, and perfluorododecanoic acid could be detected in liver tissue of approximately 25% of the individuals. Perfluorobutane sulfonate, perfluorobutanoic acid, and perfluorooctanoic acid were not detected in any of the porpoise livers. Although we investigated a potential intraspecies segregation according to the source of prey, using stable isotopes, no statistically significant correlation between PFOS concentrations and stable isotopes could be determined. It is, however, noteworthy that the contamination by PFOS in the Black Sea harbor porpoises is comparable to levels found in porpoises from the German Baltic Sea and from coastal areas near Denmark and, therefore, might pose a threat to this population. [less ▲]

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See detailExiste-t-il une "memoire therapeutique" en prevention cardiovasculaire?
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2007), 3(122), 1864-61868-9

The prevention of type 2 diabetes and of cardiovascular diseases is a major public health objective. Obviously life-style changes play a major role in this strategy. The Finnish Prevention Study recently ... [more ▼]

The prevention of type 2 diabetes and of cardiovascular diseases is a major public health objective. Obviously life-style changes play a major role in this strategy. The Finnish Prevention Study recently demonstrated that the remarkable diabetes prevention observed after a 4-year lifestyle intervention is maintained after a further 3-year period of follow-up without prolongation of the active intervention. Such a reminiscent effect may also be observed in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases with various pharmacological interventions: an ACE inhibitor (HOPE), a statin (4S), a fibrate (Helsinki Heart Study) or an intensive insulin therapy in type I diabetic patients (DCCT-EDIC). These intriguing results argue for a long-term memory of previous therapeutic interventions in cardiovascular prevention. [less ▲]

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See detailGlitazones et insuffisance cardiaque: resultats des etudes PROactive, ADOPT, DREAM et RECORD.
De Flines, Jenny ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2007), 3(122), 18761878-83

Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are used as insulin sensitizers in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but are associated with an increased risk of congestive heart failure (CHF). The odds ratio of ICC was 1.43 ... [more ▼]

Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are used as insulin sensitizers in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but are associated with an increased risk of congestive heart failure (CHF). The odds ratio of ICC was 1.43 (pioglitazone vs placebo) in diabetic patients with high cardiovascular risk in the PROactive trial while it averaged 1.22 (rosiglitazone vs metformin) and 2.20 (rosiglitazone vs metformin) in the ADOPT study. In the interim analysis of the ongoing RECORD trial, the odds ratio averaged 2.15 (rosiglitazone vs metformin or sulfonylureas). In four real life registries, the relative risk of CHF with TZDs varied between 1.06 and 1.76 (between 1.10 and 1.44 combined with insulin) as compared to a treatment without TZDs. Such higher CHF risk should be appreciated according to the potential benefits of glitazones in the management of type 2 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailPlace de l'isocinétisme dans la rééducation des instabilités d'épaule
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Gremeaux, V.; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Codine, P.; Hérisson, C. (Eds.) Instabilité de l'épaule et médecine de rééducation (2007)

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See detailCompte rendu de Saminadayar-Perrin (Corinne), Les discours du journal. Rhétorique et médias au XIXe siècle (1836–1885)
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2007)

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See detailLe secteur de la viande bovine dans l’Union européenne : situation et perspectives dans le contexte de l’environnement
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Sudia Universitatis, Babes-Bolyai, Ambientum I/1-2, 2007 (2007)

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See detailExperimental determination of dynamic properties of the concrete foundation of a cement roller mill
Denoël, Vincent ULg; Butz, Christiane; Jakobi, Hubertus et al

in Proceedings of the Conference on EVACES 07, Experimental Vibration Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures (2007)

Extensive dynamic measurements are performed on the massy and stiff concrete foundation of a cement roller mill. Dynamic properties like mode shapes, natural frequencies and damping ratios are determined ... [more ▼]

Extensive dynamic measurements are performed on the massy and stiff concrete foundation of a cement roller mill. Dynamic properties like mode shapes, natural frequencies and damping ratios are determined using the SSI-COV method. A methodology for the statistical estimation of these modal properties by evaluating a sufficient amount of time windows is derived and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of the DGAT1 K232A and variable number of tandem repeat polymorphisms in French dairy cattle.
Gautier, M.; Capitan, A.; Fritz, S. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2007), 90(6), 2980-8

A quantitative trait locus (QTL) underlying different milk production traits has been identified with a high significance threshold value in the genomic region containing the acylCoA:diacylglycerol ... [more ▼]

A quantitative trait locus (QTL) underlying different milk production traits has been identified with a high significance threshold value in the genomic region containing the acylCoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT1) gene, in the 3 main French dairy cattle breeds: French Holstein, Normande, and Montbeliarde. Previous studies have confirmed that the K232A polymorphism in DGAT1 is responsible for a major QTL underlying several milk production traits in Holstein dairy cattle and several other bovine breeds. In this study, we estimate the frequency of the 2 alternative alleles, K and A, of the K232A polymorphism in French Holstein, Normande, and Montbeliarde breeds. Although the K allele segregates in French Holstein and Normande breeds with a similar effect on production traits, the existence of additional mutations contributing to the observed QTL effect is strongly suggested in both breeds by the existence of sires heterozygous at the QTL but homozygous at the K232A polymorphism. One allele at a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) locus in the 5' noncoding region of DGAT1 has been recently proposed as a putative causative variant. In our study, this marker was found to present a high mutation rate of 0.8% per gamete and per generation, making the allele diversity observed compatible with that expected under neutrality. Moreover, among the sires homozygous at the K232A polymorphism, no allele at the VNTR can fully explain their QTL status. Finally, no allele at the VNTR was found to be significantly associated with the fat percentage variation in the 3 breeds simultaneously after correction for the effect of the K232A polymorphism. Therefore, our results suggest the existence of at least one other causative polymorphism not yet described. Because the A allele is nearly fixed in the Montbeliarde breed, this breed represents an interesting model to identify and confirm other mutations that have a strong effect on milk production traits. [less ▲]

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See detailQuestions choisies de droit de l'urbanisme et de l'environnement
Pâques, Michel ULg

Book published by Anthémis (2007)

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See detailFeline herpesvirus 1, the causative agent of feline viral rhinotracheitis
Costes, Bérénice ULg; Van Den Brande, A.; Thiry, Etienne ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2007), 73

Infectious respiratory diseases also called ‘cat flu’ are nowadays one of the most relevant areas of feline medicine. Epidemiologic surveys revealed that 80% of the cases are due to feline calicivirus and ... [more ▼]

Infectious respiratory diseases also called ‘cat flu’ are nowadays one of the most relevant areas of feline medicine. Epidemiologic surveys revealed that 80% of the cases are due to feline calicivirus and Felid herpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1). FeHV-1 is an alphaherpesvirus that has a worldwide distribution in cat population. It is responsible for feline viral rhinotracheitis. This disease can be acute, chronic or latent. It is characterized by fever and respiratory or ocular signs among which conjunctivitis and keratitis are the most common. Severe cases can cause complete blindness of the cat mostly following repetitive reactivations. Latent viral carriers are epidemiologically important because they are the main source of infection to susceptible cats. Nowadays no vaccine can prevent infection. At best, available vaccines help to reduce clinical signs but fail to prevent establishment of latency or reactivation. Consequently, feline viral rhinotracheitis still represents a major problem in domestic cats. This review focuses on the current knowledge about feline viral rhinotracheitis and its etiologic agent, FeHV-1. [less ▲]

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See detailNHC-Ru complexes- Friendly catalytic tools for manifold chemical transformations
Dragutan, Valerian; Dragutan, Ileana; Delaude, Lionel ULg et al

in Coordination Chemistry Reviews (2007), 251(5-6), 765-794

N-Heterocyclic carbenes are now commonly encountered in organometallic and inorganic coordination chemistry. The increasing attention they enjoy is due to their ability to act as ancillary ligands in a ... [more ▼]

N-Heterocyclic carbenes are now commonly encountered in organometallic and inorganic coordination chemistry. The increasing attention they enjoy is due to their ability to act as ancillary ligands in a growing number of transition metal catalysts or even to play the role of nucleophilic reagents and catalysts in diverse organic transformations. As a fine addition to the NHC-Ru-alkylidenes, popular for their tremendous success in metathesis chemistry, an array of robust and stable Ru-NHCs has proven their utility in non-metathetical reactions. The present review surveys different classes of Ru-NHCs and their applications as efficient catalysts (or precatalysts) in several types of fundamental organic processes e.g. hydrogenation, hydrogen transfer, isomerization, cycloisomerization, cyclopropanation, hydrosilylation, allylation and deallylation, enol-ester synthesis, heterocycle synthesis, C-C alkyne coupling, Kharasch addition and ATRP. A special section is devoted to tandem processes some of which include concurrent or sequential metathesis steps. Relevant mechanistic and stereochemical aspects related to NHC-Ru catalysis will be highlighted. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisations et changements en entreprises
Robert, Jocelyne ULg

Book published by Editions de l'Université de Liège (2007)

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See detailPhylogenomics: how far back in the past can we go?
Brinkmann, Henner; Baurain, Denis ULg; Philippe, Hervé

in Pudritz, Ralph; Higgs, Paul; Stone, Jonathan (Eds.) Planetary Systems and the Origins of Life (2007)

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See detailDes musées au-dessus de tout soupçon
Gob, André ULg

Book published by Armand Colin (2007)

Conservatoires du patrimoine, garants de la mémoire, refuges du Beau, les musées relèvent a priori d’une autre branche de l’activité humaine que la guerre, et plus généralement que l’exercice de la ... [more ▼]

Conservatoires du patrimoine, garants de la mémoire, refuges du Beau, les musées relèvent a priori d’une autre branche de l’activité humaine que la guerre, et plus généralement que l’exercice de la violence… Et pourtant… On s’est bien gardé jusqu’à présent de trop creuser la question, mais ce livre le montre, le musée et la guerre ont fait couple plus souvent qu’à leur tour. Si, de la Campagne d’Italie de 1796 à la récente guerre d’Irak, le musée est trop souvent la victime impuissante de faits de guerre, les situations ne manquent pas non plus où il « s’adapte » un peu trop bien. La convoitise du collectionneur prend le pas sur la responsabilité du conservateur : plus de guerre chez les uns, plus de musée chez les autres… L’impérialisme, le nationalisme, l’idéologie, le manque d’humanité ou la simple ignorance des torts commis aux individus ou aux peuples spoliés se révèlent d’excellents agents muséaux… Retour sur une histoire où rode encore le fantôme de Göring et quelques autres qu’on eût pu croire plus fréquentables, ce livre érudit, captivant et salubre analyse toutes les pièces du dossier : dégâts directs et indirects, saisies, commerce et trafic illicite, restitutions, etc. Fondamentalement honnête, il n’obéit à aucune logique d’imprécation. L’anime plutôt le soupçon que l’idéal qui a donné naissance aux premiers musées doit connaître une relance, au service du patrimoine mondial et de l’homme universel. [less ▲]

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See detailNationalism, reconciliation, and the cultural genealogy of magic in Richard Flanagan's 'Death of a River Guide'
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Journal of Commonwealth Literature (2007), 42(1), 117-129

This article offers an attempt to redeem Death of a River Guide, the first novel by Richard Flanagan, from readings which see it mainly as an instance of appropriation of Aboriginal culture and ... [more ▼]

This article offers an attempt to redeem Death of a River Guide, the first novel by Richard Flanagan, from readings which see it mainly as an instance of appropriation of Aboriginal culture and spirituality on the part of a white settler writer living in Australia. Indeed, next to its gesturing towards a sense of indigenous belonging in Tasmania, the book displays its affiliation with a more European cultural inheritance, notably through the reference to the work of Italo Svevo and through the inclusion of a rival sense of spirituality, Christian in inspiration. In all, the book's magic realism then incorporates distinct constituents, in a way which points to the critical necessity of subjecting fiction's magic moments to the kind of analysis that will reveal their specific cultural genealogy. Such critical practice would preserve magic realism, as a world-wide literary category, from being used in any levelling, dehistoricized, apolitical manner; and moreover, in the case of Flanagan, it points to an important discursive dialogism which provides an adequate response to the sense of divided epistemology that has characterized Australian literary culture since the Reconciliation. [less ▲]

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