References of "2006"
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See detailManaging CSR in Complex Environments : Stakeholder Theory in Action
Xhauflair, Virginie ULg; Zune, Marc

in Allouche, José (Ed.) Corporate Social Responsibility : Performances and Stakeholders (2006)

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See detailPensions with endogenous and stochastic fertility
Cremer, Helmuth; Gahvari, Firouz; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Public Economics (2006), 90(12), 2303-2321

This paper studies the design of a pay-as-you-go social security system in an overlapping generations model where fertility is in part stochastic and in part determined through capital investment. If ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the design of a pay-as-you-go social security system in an overlapping generations model where fertility is in part stochastic and in part determined through capital investment. If investments are publicly observable, pension benefits must be linked positively to the level of investment, and payroll taxes negatively to the number of children. The outcome is characterized by full insurance with all parents, regardless of their number of children, enjoying identical consumption levels. Without observability, benefits must increase, and payroll taxes decrease, with the number of children. The second-best level of investment, and the resulting average fertility rate, are less than their corresponding first-best levels. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEquine oesophageal obstruction : a retrospective study on 143 cases
Seguin, A; Peters, F; Lopez, D et al

in Proceedings of the 45th Congress of the British Equine Veterinary Association (2006)

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See detailDétection des bifidobactéries dans le lait cru
Delcenserie, Véronique ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailSimulation of yield decline as a result of water stress with a robust soil water balance model
Raes, Dirk; Geerts, Sam; Kipkorir, Emmanuel et al

in Agricultural Water Management (2006), 81

The relative yield decline that is expected under specific levels of water stress at different moments in the growing period is estimated by integrating the FAO Ky approach [Doorenbos, J., Kassam, A.H ... [more ▼]

The relative yield decline that is expected under specific levels of water stress at different moments in the growing period is estimated by integrating the FAO Ky approach [Doorenbos, J., Kassam, A.H., 1979. Yield response to water. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 33. Rome, Italy] in the soil water balance model BUDGET. The water stored in the root zone is determined in the soil water balance model on a daily basis by keeping track of incoming and outgoing water fluxes at its boundary. Given the simulated soil water content in the root zone, the corresponding crop water stress is determined. Subsequently, the yield decline is estimated with the Ky approach. In the Ky approach the relation between water stress in a particular growth stage and the corresponding expected yield is described by a linear function. To account for the effect of water stresses in the various growth stages, the multiplicative, seasonal and minimal approach are integrated in the model. To evaluate the model, the simulated yields for two crops under various levels of water stress in two different environments were compared with observed yields: winter wheat under three different water application levels in the North of Tunisia, and maize in three different farmers’ fields in different years in the South West of Burkina Faso. Simulated crop yields agreed well with observed yields for both locations using the multiplicative approach. The correlation value (R2) between observed and simulated yields ranged from 0.87 to 0.94 with very high modeling efficiencies. The root mean square error values are relatively small and ranged between 7 and 9%. The minimal and seasonal approaches performed significantly less accurately in both of the study areas. Estimation of yields on basis of relative transpiration performed significantly better than estimations on basis of relative evapotranspiration in Burkina Faso. A sensitivity analysis showed that the model is robust and that good estimates can be obtained in both regions even by using indicative values for the required crop and soil parameters. The minimal input requirement, the robustness of the model and its ability to describe the effect on seasonal yield of water stress occurring at particular moments in the growing period, make the model very useful for the design of deficit irrigation strategies. BUDGET is public domain software and hence freely available. An installation disk and manual can be downloaded from the web. [less ▲]

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See detailLe financement par l'Etat fédéral des ministres des cultes et des délégués du Conseil central laïque. Rapport de la Commission des sages
Rigaux, Marie-François; Mortier, Freddy; Drijkoningen, Jonny et al

Report (2006)

This reports proposes an analysis of the current mechanism for recognizing and financing religious and philosophical communities in Belgium. It examines in depth all questions regarding salaries and ... [more ▼]

This reports proposes an analysis of the current mechanism for recognizing and financing religious and philosophical communities in Belgium. It examines in depth all questions regarding salaries and pensions of clerics and humanist delegates. Other apsects of the public financing of religous and phlosophical communities are also dealt with, including criteria on religious participation, religious identity and other means for "counting religions". A last part is dedicated to recommandations for reforming the current federal part of the public financing scheme. [less ▲]

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See detailCapital social et résultats sociaux de l'éducation
Baye, Ariane ULg; Mainguet, Christine ULg

in Houard, Jean; Jacquemain, M. (Eds.) Capital social et dynamique régionale (2006)

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See detailHistology of two rice bodies isolated from the stifle of an adult draught horse stallion.
Schneider, Nicole ULg; Heimann, Marianne; Lejeune, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Science (Suwon-si, Korea) (2006), 7(1), 83-5

In the human and equine species, different kinds of free floating intra-articular particles are related to certain disorders. Osteochondral fragments formed during osteochondrosis dissecans are the most ... [more ▼]

In the human and equine species, different kinds of free floating intra-articular particles are related to certain disorders. Osteochondral fragments formed during osteochondrosis dissecans are the most common finding in the equine species, whereas in humans rice bodies due to rheumatoid arthritis are more frequent. Herein we report a third type of floating body inside the stifle of an adult draught horse stallion, in macroscopic appearance similar to articular rice bodies known in humans. As revealed by histologic examination, the two particles consist of polypoid degenerated structures derived from synovial villi. Their formation was probably induced by ischemia. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust stress intensity factors evaluation for 3D cracks with X-FEM
Minnebo, Hans; Béchet, Eric ULg; Moës, Nicolas

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailAn energy momentum conserving algorithm using the variational formulation of visco-plastic updates
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2006), 65(6), 904942

In this paper we use the variational formulation of elasto-plastic updates proposed by Ortiz and Stainier (Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 1999; 171:419-444) in the context of consistent time integration ... [more ▼]

In this paper we use the variational formulation of elasto-plastic updates proposed by Ortiz and Stainier (Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 1999; 171:419-444) in the context of consistent time integration schemes. We show that such a formulation is well suited to obtain a general expression Of energy momentum conserving algorithms. Moreover, we present numerical examples that illustrate the efficiency of our developments. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailSauvage... le chat l'est-il toujours autant qu'on le souhaite ?
Le Proux de la Rivière, Bettina; Libois, Roland ULg

Learning material (2006)

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See detailLes angles corniculaires et l'infiniment petit
Bair, Jacques ULg; Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente Sup (2006), 31(mai-juin), 4-7

Nous mettons en évidence le fait que des angles entre un demi-cercle et une droite tangente mène au concept d'infiniment petit.

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See detailSelection of antagonists against Penicillium expansum and Botrytis cinerea, two postharvest apple parasites
Achbani, E. H.; Mounir, R.; El Jaafari, S. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailHigh-sensitivity staining of proteins for one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis using post migration covalent staining with a ruthenium fluorophore.
Tokarski, Caroline; Cren-Olive, Cecile; Fillet, Marianne ULg et al

in Electrophoresis (2006), 27(7), 1407-16

This paper describes the use of a ruthenium complex ((bis(2,2'-bipyridine)-4'-methyl-4-carboxybipyridine-ruthenium-N-succidimyl ester-bis(hexafluorophosphate), abbreviated below as ASCQ_Ru) commercially ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the use of a ruthenium complex ((bis(2,2'-bipyridine)-4'-methyl-4-carboxybipyridine-ruthenium-N-succidimyl ester-bis(hexafluorophosphate), abbreviated below as ASCQ_Ru) commercially available and chemically pure. This new ruthenium complex ASCQ_Ru brings an activated ester, allowing the selective acylation of amino acid side chain amines for the post migration staining of proteins separated in 1-DE and 2-DE. The protocol used is a simple three-step protocol fixing the proteins in the gel, staining and then washing, as no lengthy destaining step is required. First the critical staining step was optimized. Although in solution the best described pH for acylating proteins with this reagent is phosphate buffer at pH 7.0, we found that best medium for in-gel staining is unbuffered ACN/water solution (20/80 v/v). The two other steps are less critical and classical conditions are satisfactory: fixing with 7% acetic acid/10% ethanol solution and washing four times for 10 min with water. Sensitivity tests were performed using 1-DE on protein molecular weight markers. We obtained a higher sensitivity than SYPRO Ruby with a detection limit of 80 pg of protein per well. However, contrary to SYPRO Ruby, ASCQ_Ru exhibits a logarithmic dependency on the amount of protein. The dynamic range is similar to SYPRO Ruby and is estimated between three and four orders of magnitude. Finally, the efficiency of the post migration ASCQ_Ru staining for 2-D gel separation is demonstrated on the whole protein extract from human colon carcinoma cells lines HCT 116. ASCQ_Ru gave the highest number of spot detected compared to other common stains Colloidal CBB, SYPRO Ruby and Deep Purple. [less ▲]

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See detailSome theoritical and numerical features of strain gradient media regarded as micromorphic media
Caillerie, Denis; Chambon, René; Collin, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailLe caractère relatif des indicateurs de tendance
Monseur, Christian ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Bildungswissenschaften = Rivista Svizzera di Scienze dell' Educazione = Revue Suisse des Sciences de l'Education (2006), 3(28), 353-371

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See detailRépublique démocratique du Congo. Le système politique de la troisième république : Genèse d’une démocratie attendue
Kabamba, Bob ULg; Verjans, Pierre ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2006), (n°2006/4), 561-582

Les élections de 2006 en République démocratique du Congo sont la conséquence d'un long processus commencé par les accords de paix à l'issue de la guerre qui a déchiré le pays. Elles sont aussi le début d ... [more ▼]

Les élections de 2006 en République démocratique du Congo sont la conséquence d'un long processus commencé par les accords de paix à l'issue de la guerre qui a déchiré le pays. Elles sont aussi le début d'un processus démocratique classique. Les résultats de ces élections méritent d'être analysés en terme politique mais aussi démographique. [less ▲]

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See detailCannulation of bovine fetuses for a long period blood collection: the chirurgical approach
Touati, Kamal ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Van der Weijden, G. C. et al

in Proceedings: 24th World Buiatrics Congress (2006)

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See detailRetour sur le Conseil Wallon de l'Economie Sociale: quel héritage?
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in SAW-B Analyses (2006), 7

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)