References of "2006"
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See detailStrenuous concentric and eccentric isokinetic exercises: specific fatigue patterns ?
Delvaux, François ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Lehance, Cédric ULg et al

in Abstract Book “Exercise and muscle physiology” de l’Ecole Doctorale en Sciences de la Motricité (2006)

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See detailMise au point d'une hyperferritinémie
Delwaide, Jean ULg; Giet, Didier ULg; Lamproye, Anne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6), 329-333

Hemochromatosis is the most common genetic disorder in persons of northern European descent, and the majority of cases are caused by a mutation in the gene HFE. Genetic testing for hemochromatosis is ... [more ▼]

Hemochromatosis is the most common genetic disorder in persons of northern European descent, and the majority of cases are caused by a mutation in the gene HFE. Genetic testing for hemochromatosis is therefore indicated in all patients with increases in transferrine saturation and ferritin levels. When this genetic testing does not demonstrate a hemochromatosis, other diseases responsible for elevated ferritin levels have to be ruled out, mainly hemolytic anemia, chronic inflammatory disorders, liver diseases such as hepatitis B or C, alcohol abuse, and non alcoholic fatty liver disease. In demonstrated iron overload with absence of classic causes, second-line genetic testing should be considered. [less ▲]

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See detailS100B protein expression in the amnion and amniotic fluid in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia.
Tskitishvili, Ekaterine ULg; Komoto, Yoshiko; Temma-Asano, Kumiko et al

in Molecular Human Reproduction (2006), 12(12), 755-61

Our aim was to investigate the expression of S100B protein in the amnion and to assess the amniotic fluid concentration in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Samples were obtained from women who ... [more ▼]

Our aim was to investigate the expression of S100B protein in the amnion and to assess the amniotic fluid concentration in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Samples were obtained from women who developed pre-eclampsia (n = 7), pre-eclampsia with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) (n = 4), normotensive IUGR (n = 7) and gestational hypertension (n = 4) during pregnancy and healthy controls who delivered at term (n = 35). To determine the difference in the expression of S100B in the amnion, we performed immunohistochemistry, western blot analysis and RT-PCR. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we assessed the S100B concentration in amniotic fluid. The S100B mRNA expression in the amnion of pre-eclamptic patients and patients with pre-eclampsia with IUGR was significantly higher than that in the control. The amniotic fluid S100B protein concentration of the pre-eclampsia and normotensive IUGR cases was significantly higher than that of the control. This study shows that amnion could be a source responsible for the increased concentration of S100B in amniotic fluid. In pre-eclampsia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by oxidative stress. Some pathological conditions that develop during pregnancy and are related to hypoxic stress can affect the elevation of S100B concentration in the amnion. [less ▲]

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See detailLa citoyenneté européenne de proximité. En marge de l'arrêt Schempp
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Limber amicorum Jacques Malherbe (2006)

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See detailEtude du mécanisme de production de sons chez Amphiprion clarkii (Pomacentridae)
Colleye, Orphal ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2006)

Les Pomacentridae constituent une des familles de l’ordre des Perciformes pour lesquels le comportement acoustique a déjà été avéré chez de nombreuses espèces. A l’heure actuelle, sept genres sont ... [more ▼]

Les Pomacentridae constituent une des familles de l’ordre des Perciformes pour lesquels le comportement acoustique a déjà été avéré chez de nombreuses espèces. A l’heure actuelle, sept genres sont référencés comme étant des producteurs de sons : Amphiprion, Dascyllus, Stegastes, Chromis, Abudefduf, Plectroglyphidodon et Hemichromis. Les émissions sonores interviennent principalement dans la reproduction et la défense de territoire ; contribuant ainsi à la survie et au succès reproducteur des individus. Les Amphiprioninae, mieux connus sous le nom de poissons-clowns, créent de véritables clans familiaux au sein d’une même actinie autour de laquelle ils déterminent leur territoire. Ainsi, la production de sons semble jouer un rôle important dans leur comportement ; la structure sociale qui règne chez ces poissons impliquant le respect de la territorialité et de la hiérarchie, les émissions sonores pourraient notamment avoir comme rôle de maintenir une bonne cohésion au sein du groupe. Malgré plusieurs études réalisées sur la production de sons chez les Amphiprion, aucune explication satisfaisante du mécanisme producteur de sons n’a été développée, seules quelques hypothèses ont été formulées. Ce travail repose sur une approche biomécanique de la production de sons basée sur la réalisation de films aux rayons X à l’aide d’une caméra à haute vitesse, combinée à une étude de morphologie fonctionnelle. Le mécanisme sonore serait autre que ceux habituellement proposés (l’action de la vessie natatoire et le grincement des dents des mâchoires pharyngiennes). Il impliquerait la mise en mouvement de nombreuses structures squelettiques, notamment la dépression du plancher pharyngien ; ce dernier engendrerait alors la tension du ligament angulo-cératohyal dont la mise en vibration pourrait être à l’origine des émissions sonores [less ▲]

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See detailOutils pour gérer l'hétérogénéité des élèves au cours de langues étrangères : synthèse critique d'une recherche-action menée avec de jeunes enseignants.
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Simons, Germain ULg

in Actes du 4e Congrès des Chercheurs en Education. La qualité pour tous les élèves : l'école face aux inégalités (2006)

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See detailRecombinant bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) expressing glycoprotein D of BoHV-1 is immunogenic and elicits serum-neutralizing antibodies against BoHV-1 in a rabbit model.
Donofrio, Gaetano; Cavirani, Sandro; Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg et al

in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology (2006), 13(11), 1246-54

Several biological characteristics of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) make it a good candidate as a gene delivery vector for vaccination purposes. These characteristics include little or no pathogenicity ... [more ▼]

Several biological characteristics of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) make it a good candidate as a gene delivery vector for vaccination purposes. These characteristics include little or no pathogenicity, unlikely oncogenicity, the capability to accommodate large amounts of foreign genetic material, the ability to infect several cell types coming from different animal species, and the ability to maintain transgene expression in both undifferentiated and differentiated cells. Starting from BoHV-4 cloned as a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC), we used MuA transposase-mediated in vitro transposition to generate recombinant BoHV-4 expressing the immunodominant glycoprotein D (gD) of BoHV-1, one of the most important pathogens of cattle. Although a cis-acting element from woodchuck hepatitis virus (the woodchuck hepatitis virus posttranscriptional regulatory element [WPRE]) in the 3' end of the gD expression cassette was required for maximal gD expression from plasmids in transient transfection assays, this element was not necessary for efficient expression of gD from recombinant BoHV-4 genomes. BoHV-4 recombinants containing gD expression cassettes with or without the WPRE expressed gD at similarly high levels. Several cell lines originating from different animal species expressed gD when infected with BoHV-4 recombinants. When rabbits were immunized with one of the recombinants, high levels of serum neutralizing antibodies against BoHV-1 were generated. This work is one of the first demonstrations of the use BoHV-4 as a vector for vaccine purposes and may provide the basis for BoHV-1 vaccination of cattle with recombinant BoHV-4. [less ▲]

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See detailLes migrants ont-ils des manières particulières d’habiter ? L’exemple soninké
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Hommes & Migrations (2006), 1254

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See detailPotential Estimation of Fatty Acid Content in Cow Milk by Mid-Infrared Spectrometry
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dardenne, Pierre; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Prooceedings of the 35th ICAR session (2006)

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See detailEtude de la diversité des pucerons et des auxiliaires adiphages relative à la présence d'orties en bordures de champ
Alhmedi, A.; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2006), 59(2), 121-124

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See detailAnalysis of association of GPX5, FUT1 and ESR2 genotypes with litter size in a commercial pig cross population
Buske, Bernd ULg; Sternstein, Ina; Reissmann, Monika et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2006), 49(3), 259-268

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See detailExamination of non-genetic factors affecting the growth performance of Djallonke sheep in soudanian zone at the Okpara Breeding farm of Benin
Gbangboche, A. B.; Youssao, A. K. I.; Adamou-Ndiaye, M. et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (2006), 38

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See detailLes enjeux éthiques de l'existentialisme sartrien
Caeymaex, Florence ULg

in PhaenEx (2006), 1

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See detailLa libre circulation des personnes dans l'Union européenne (1er janvier-31 décembre 2005)
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Journal de Droit Européen [=JDE] (2006), 14(127), 75-82

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See detailAgriculture in Belgium : main characteristics and problems
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund (Ed.) International Scientific Seminar "Farm machinery management in sustainable agriculture" : Seminar Proceedings (2006)

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See detailValidation analytique de l'ImmunoCap 250 (Sweden Diagnostics)
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Carlisi, Agnès; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2006), 64(1, Jan-Feb), 91-4

A new automate, ImmunoCap 250 has recently been released by Sweden Diagnostics for the determination of specific and total IgE. We have evaluated its analytical performances (intra- and inter-assay ... [more ▼]

A new automate, ImmunoCap 250 has recently been released by Sweden Diagnostics for the determination of specific and total IgE. We have evaluated its analytical performances (intra- and inter-assay precision, linearity, recovery and sensibility) and compared the results obtained by Unicap 100 on 149 samples positive for 12 different allergens and 30 samples containing different concentrations of total IgE. Intra- and inter-assay precision are less than 10% excepted for the specific IgE of one allergen (i3, common wasp), but still in accordance with the NCCLS guidelines. The sensibility is 0.01 kU(A)/L for specific and 0.35 kU/L for total IgE. The method is linear up to 5000 kU/L for total and at least 80 kU(A)/L for specific IgE. The recovery test showed a recovery of the International standard WHO 75/502 between 85 and 115%, with a mean of 103%. The correlation coefficient between the ImmunoCap 250 and Unicap 100 is 0.9866 and 0.9984 for specific and total IgE respectively. ImmunoCap 250 is a good solution for laboratories that perform twenty to thirty thousand determinations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe capital social : une introduction
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Houard, Jean; Jacquemain, Marc (Eds.) Capital social et dynamique régionale (2006)

The text presents the main articulations within social capital theory : formal and informal, thin and thick, bonding, bridging and linking social capital, with a word about the theory of the "dark side ... [more ▼]

The text presents the main articulations within social capital theory : formal and informal, thin and thick, bonding, bridging and linking social capital, with a word about the theory of the "dark side". It also adresses the question of what is at stake in this theory. Then, the text introduces the main themes of the book : the links between social capital and social cohesion, gender, education, media, entrepeneurship [less ▲]

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See detailLe lipopolysaccharide d’Escherichia coli : structure, biosynthèse et rôles
Szalo, Ioan Mihai ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(2), 108-124

The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the surface of the Gram negative bacteria. The LPS is composed of three separately synthesized entities: the lipid A, the core oligosaccharide and the ... [more ▼]

The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the surface of the Gram negative bacteria. The LPS is composed of three separately synthesized entities: the lipid A, the core oligosaccharide and the O antigen, that will be linked together after their respective synthesis. The lipid A, embedded inside the outer membrane, is the proximal part of the LPS and the core is the medial part, whereas the O antigen represents the distal part free in the external environment. Amongst the Enterobacteriaceae family, the lipid A is structurally highly conserved and the variation in the structure of the core oligosaccharide is limited whereas the O antigen is the hypervariable region. Diverse biological activities have been associated with LPS, amongst which the endotoxinic activity carried by the lipid A, and the strain immunogenic specificity carried by the O antigen. In this review manuscript we summarize the state of knowledge on the structures and biosynthesis of the different components of the LPS of Escherichia coli and on their respective roles in the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. [less ▲]

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