References of "2006"
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See detailMettre en question les manifestations de l'intention littéraire
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2006), 67

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See detailS100B protein expression in the amnion and amniotic fluid in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia.
Tskitishvili, Ekaterine ULg; Komoto, Yoshiko; Temma-Asano, Kumiko et al

in Molecular Human Reproduction (2006), 12(12), 755-61

Our aim was to investigate the expression of S100B protein in the amnion and to assess the amniotic fluid concentration in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Samples were obtained from women who ... [more ▼]

Our aim was to investigate the expression of S100B protein in the amnion and to assess the amniotic fluid concentration in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Samples were obtained from women who developed pre-eclampsia (n = 7), pre-eclampsia with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) (n = 4), normotensive IUGR (n = 7) and gestational hypertension (n = 4) during pregnancy and healthy controls who delivered at term (n = 35). To determine the difference in the expression of S100B in the amnion, we performed immunohistochemistry, western blot analysis and RT-PCR. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we assessed the S100B concentration in amniotic fluid. The S100B mRNA expression in the amnion of pre-eclamptic patients and patients with pre-eclampsia with IUGR was significantly higher than that in the control. The amniotic fluid S100B protein concentration of the pre-eclampsia and normotensive IUGR cases was significantly higher than that of the control. This study shows that amnion could be a source responsible for the increased concentration of S100B in amniotic fluid. In pre-eclampsia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by oxidative stress. Some pathological conditions that develop during pregnancy and are related to hypoxic stress can affect the elevation of S100B concentration in the amnion. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologisation ou transformation des modes de traitement social de la « question sociale » ?
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Bresson, Maryse (Ed.) La psychologisation de l’intervention sociale : mythes et réalités (2006)

Envisageant la question de la problématisation d'une psychologisation du social, l'auteur propose une réflexion proposant davantage de partir des évolutions récentes des politiques sociales et de ... [more ▼]

Envisageant la question de la problématisation d'une psychologisation du social, l'auteur propose une réflexion proposant davantage de partir des évolutions récentes des politiques sociales et de considérer que nous évoluons plutôt dans une société du travail sur Soi de plus en plus confrontée à la montée de dispositifs individualisants. [less ▲]

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See detailPattern and process in landscape ecology
Bogaert, Jan ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailThe use of iso-inertial assessment in monitoring training effects
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Abstract Book “Exercise and muscle physiology” de l’Ecole Doctorale en Sciences de la Motricité (2006)

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See detailQualitative and quantitative evaluation of equine respiratory mechanics by impulse oscillometry
Van Erck, Emmanuelle; Votion, Dominique ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2006), 38(1), 52-58

Reasons for performing study: The long- established conventional reference technique (CRT) for measuring respiratory mechanics in horses lacks sensitivity and there is a need for further refinement in new ... [more ▼]

Reasons for performing study: The long- established conventional reference technique (CRT) for measuring respiratory mechanics in horses lacks sensitivity and there is a need for further refinement in new technology, such as the impulse oscillometry system (IOS). Objectives: To evaluate the potential use of the IOS as a clinical respiratory function test and compare it to the current CRT in horses suffering from common upper and lower airway dysfunctions. Methods: Six healthy horses were tested before and after induction of a unilateral nasal obstruction (UNO) or transient left laryngeal hemiplegia. (LLH). Six heaves-affected horses were tested in clinical remission and during a heaves crisis, before and after nebulisation of cumulative doses of a bronchodilator therapy (ipratropium bromide; IPB). Results: As opposed to the CRT, the IOS was able to detect partial upper airway obstruction (UAO) caused by UNO or LLH in resting horses, without differentiating both conditions. Upper airway obstruction caused an upward shift of resistance (R-rs) from 5 to 35 Hz without altering reactance (X-rs). As for the CRT, IOS respiratory parameters measured in heaves-affected horses in crisis differed significantly from values measured during remission. The difference in frequency-dependent behaviour of R-rs and X-rs allowed discrimination between upper and lower airway obstructions. Bronchodilator treatment induced significant dose-dependent changes in X-rs at 5 and 10 Hz, from the first dose. Total pulmonary resistance (R-L) and R-rs at 5 Hz were affected from the second dose and displayed similar sensitivity. Although post treatment R-L values were comparable to remission, R-rs and X-rs remained significantly different, characterising persistent peripheral obstruction. Conclusions: The IOS was more sensitive than the CRT in detecting partial UAO in resting horses and persistent post treatment peripheral dysfunction in heaves-affected horses. The IOS is a sensitive test that provides graded quantitative and qualitative information on disease-induced respiratory dysfunctions as well as on treatment efficiency in horses. Potential relevance: The IOS could represent a practical and sensitive alternative respiratory function test for routine clinical investigations of common airway obstructive diseases and therapy in horses. [less ▲]

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See detailEcrire et dessiner en éveil scientifique: Un reflet des apprentissages et des potentialités des élèves
Giot, Bernadette ULg; Quittre, Valérie ULg

in Actes du 4e Congrès des chercheurs en Education, Namur, 21 et 22 mars 2006. (2006)

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See detailElectroantennogram of Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera:Culicidae) to chemical compounds from fermented infusions and improvement of gravid mosquito trapping
Latte, Nicolas ULg

Master's dissertation (2006)

The urban mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) uses chemicals to locate suitable water pools for oviposition. These chemicals when identified can be used to trap gravid female ... [more ▼]

The urban mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) uses chemicals to locate suitable water pools for oviposition. These chemicals when identified can be used to trap gravid female mosquitoes. Experiments in Davis and in Sacramento (California, in the United States) were made to improve the trapping efficiency of Reiter/Cumming gravid traps baited by several attractants (or attractant blends). Unfortunately, it appeared that the number of gravid female mosquitoes collected was not sufficient to differentiate the efficacy of attractant blends tested by statistical analysis. However, a positive correlation between the total mosquito number collected daily and the highest humidity shows that the mosquito oviposition activity seems to be influenced by the humidity during the night. Observations on total number of mosquitoes and the highest temperature seem to reveal a threshold temperature which is critical for the adult mosquito survival. A coupled gas chromatography – electronantennography (GC-EAD) protocol was also developed step by step in order to find new Culex quinquefasciatus oviposition attractants. After obtaining repetitive electroantennographic (EA) response, two comparison experiments (SPME fiber type and infusion type) were made to finalize the specific GC-EAD/SPME protocol. This with the aim to prospect new attractants from fermented Bermuda grass infusion. Analyses based on all results permit to distinguish the EA responses from random perturbations (electromagnetic and vibration). GC-EAD/SPME of Bermuda grass infusion analyses confirms the presence of 10 and the activity of 9 chemical compounds as established by Du and Millar in 1999. Furthermore, experiments on Culex quinquefasciatus performed with the new protocol, brought to light the EA activity of 10 other unknown chemicals, 7 of which are low molecular weight chemical compounds. These new chemicals have now to be identified and their ability to elicit EA responses still has to be confirmed. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de David BRADSHAW, "Aristotle East and West. Metaphysics and the Division of Christendom"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2006), 75

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See detailEtude de la diversité des pucerons et des auxiliaires adiphages relative à la présence d'orties en bordures de champ
Alhmedi, A.; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2006), 59(2), 121-124

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See detailLipolyse electromagnetique et lipoatrophie semi-circulaire des cuisses
Flagothier, Caroline ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie (2006), 133(6-7, Jun-Jul), 577-80

INTRODUCTION: The semicircular lipoatrophy of the thighs is a disorder whose incidence remained rare for years. Only recently, an "epidemic" situation emerged, affecting hundreds of subjects who shared a ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: The semicircular lipoatrophy of the thighs is a disorder whose incidence remained rare for years. Only recently, an "epidemic" situation emerged, affecting hundreds of subjects who shared a status of administrative employee. OBSERVATION: The older etiopathogenic hypotheses give way to a newer one implying the electromagnetic fields generated by computers and their wirings. The resulting modifications in the intrinsic bioelectrical properties of the skin could influence the biology of macrophages exhibiting lipophagic activity in the hypodermis. The electroactivation of these cells could lead to TNF-alpha release. DISCUSSION: The semicircular lipoatrophy of the thighs is a problem that may affect an employee out of two. Rather than hoping an efficaceous drug therapy, prevention must be advocated by adapting the work conditions related to the use of computerized devices. [less ▲]

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See detailTemporal shift of diet in alternative cannibalistic morphs of the tiger salamander
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Whiteman, Howard H.; Wissinger, Scott A.

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (2006), 89(2), 373-382

Evolutionary theory predicts that alternative trophic morphologies are adaptive because they allow a broad use of resources in heterogeneous environments. The development of a cannibal morphology is ... [more ▼]

Evolutionary theory predicts that alternative trophic morphologies are adaptive because they allow a broad use of resources in heterogeneous environments. The development of a cannibal morphology is expected to result in cannibalism and high individual fitness, but conflicting results show that the situation is more complex. The goal of the present study was to increase our understanding of the ultimate benefits of a cannibalistic polyphenism by determining temporal changes in the feeding habits and biomass intake in a population of tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum nebulosum). Cannibals in this species develop a larger head than typicals and have prominent teeth, both useful for consuming large prey. Although cannibalism was only detected in cannibal morphs, large temporal variation in resource partitioning was found between morphs. The two morphs always differed in their foraging habits, but cannibalism mainly occurred immediately after the ontogenetic divergence between morphs. Cannibals shifted their foraging later to a more planktivorous diet (i.e. the primarily prey of the typical morph). Cannibals also obtained more prey biomass than typicals. These results indicate that the cannibalistic morph is advantageous over the typical development, but that these advantages vary ontogenetically. Although the results obtained are consistent with models predicting the maintenance of cannibalism polyphenism in natural populations, they show that the foraging tactics utilized by cannibal morphs, and the fitness consequences accrued by such tactics, are likely to be more complex and dynamic than previous studies have suggested. (c) 2006 The Linnean Society of London. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of two structural aberrations in the horse by FISH with BAC clones.
Durkin, Keith ULg; Raudsepp, T; Chowdhary, B.P.

in Chromosome Research : An International Journal on the Molecular, Supramolecular and Evolutionary Aspects of Chromosome Biology (2006), 14

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See detailIl destino della scrittura (postfazione)
Ricciardi, Stefania ULg; Veronesi, Sandro

in Occhio per occhio: La pena di morte in 4 storie [1992] (2006)

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See detailHypertension and the kidney
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Cohen, Eric P.

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2006), 62(1, Jan-Feb), 5-14

The kidney could be the cause of essential hypertension which can also cause renal disease. High blood pressure is also very common in chronic kidney disease, and is moreover a well-known risk factor for ... [more ▼]

The kidney could be the cause of essential hypertension which can also cause renal disease. High blood pressure is also very common in chronic kidney disease, and is moreover a well-known risk factor for a faster progression of kidney failure. Hypertension and kidneys are thus closely linked. Hypertension must be aggressively treated in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease, with a blood pressure goal of less than 130/80 mmHg, even lower than 125/75 mmHg when proteinuria is over 1g/day, using optimal and effective antihypertensive drugs. Among them, the blockers of the renin-angiotensin axis offer nephroprotective but also cardioprotective properties beyond their effect on blood pressure. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of a portable equine metabolic measurement system
Duvivier, V. H.; Van Erck, Emmanuelle; De Moffarts, Brieuc et al

in 7th International Conference on Equine Exercise Physiology (2006)

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See detailAspects récents des conditions d'exercice de la profession d'architecte
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Droit de la construction (2006)

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