References of "2006"
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See detailNutritive value of tropical tree leaf meals in adult sows.
Leterme, Pascal; Botero, M.; Londono, A. M. et al

in Animal Science (2006), 82

Tree leaf meals (TLM) are increasingly used in the tropics to feed pigs. The nutritive value of the TLM of cocoyam (Xanthosoma saggitifolium), mulberry (Morus alba) and Trichanthera gigantea, their effect ... [more ▼]

Tree leaf meals (TLM) are increasingly used in the tropics to feed pigs. The nutritive value of the TLM of cocoyam (Xanthosoma saggitifolium), mulberry (Morus alba) and Trichanthera gigantea, their effect on the digestive tract and their fermentation rate in the large intestine, were determined in adult sows given diets containing 150 or 300 g TLM per kg. The TLM contained from 8·5 to 12·0 MJ digestible energy per kg dry matter (DM) and from 60 to 125 g digestible protein per kg DM. The digestibility was not affected ( P>0·05) by their rate of incorporation in the diet. The apparent ileal protein digestibility of the diets containing 300 g TLM per kg was also determined by the slaughtering method. It reached 80% for the basal diet and 54, 70 and 74% for the Trichanthera-, mulberry- and cocoyam-based diets, respectively. No diet effect ( P>0·05) was observed on the weight and length of the gastro-intestinal tract, with the exception of a heavier caecum in sows given the Trichanthera-based diet ( P<0·01). The pH of the gastric fluid of these sows was also higher ( P<0·001). The fermentation of the dietary fibre in the large intestine was evaluated by the gas technique using syringes. The cocoyam leaves presented the highest amount of total gas produced after fibre fermentation ( P<0·001). The ranking order of gas production was identical to that observed for the digestibility coefficients: Trichanthera <mulberry <cocoyam. In conclusion, TLM can represent up to 0·3 of a diet for sows. Their use in sow nutrition may be considered in tropical regions where protein sources are scarce. [less ▲]

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See detailTell Beydar/Nabada
Van der Stede, Véronique ULg

in L’archéologie à l’Université Libre de Bruxelles (2001-2005). Matériaux pour une histoire des milieux et des pratiques humaines (2006)

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See detailRole of tumor-associated lipogenesis in the formation and composition of membrane microdomains
Timmermans, L.; Kischel, Philippe; Beckers, Albert ULg et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailSuction and time effects on the behaviour of a reservoir chalk
Priol, Grégoire; De Gennaro, Vincenzo; Delage, Pierre et al

in Van Cotthem, Alain; Charlier, Robert; Thimus, Jean-François (Eds.) EUROCK 2006 - Multiphysics Coupling and Long Term Behaviour in Rock Mechanics (2006)

Oil reservoir rocks contain various immiscible fluids (oil, water and gas) and they are submitted to elevated temperatures in the oilfield. Hence, they exhibit a typical coupled behaviour where ... [more ▼]

Oil reservoir rocks contain various immiscible fluids (oil, water and gas) and they are submitted to elevated temperatures in the oilfield. Hence, they exhibit a typical coupled behaviour where multiphysics and coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical aspects are predominant. This paper presents some results from researches carried out within the PASACHALK 2 European funded collaborative research. In this research dedicated to subsidence problems in the North sea Ekofisk oilfield, the behaviour of a reservoir chalk containing two immiscible fluids (an organic non polar fluid and water) is considered within the framework of the mechanics of unsaturated soils (no temperature effects considered). In order to account for the mechanical coupled effects related to the two pore fluids, the oil-water suction was considered as an independent stress variable. The paper presents some experimental results describing the combined effect of suction and time on the isotropic compression behaviour of the chalk. A viscoelastoplastic constitutive model based on one hand on the Barcelona BBM elastoplastic model for unsaturated and on the other hand on Perzina’s approach of viscous behaviour of soils is also presented and validated against experimental evidence. [less ▲]

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See detailFrasnian
Coen-Aubert, M.; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2006), 9(1-2), 19-25

The name Frasnian, which comes from the locality of Frasnes near Couvin in Belgium, was introduced by Gosselet in 1879 and was formally retained for the lower stage of the Upper Devonian by the ... [more ▼]

The name Frasnian, which comes from the locality of Frasnes near Couvin in Belgium, was introduced by Gosselet in 1879 and was formally retained for the lower stage of the Upper Devonian by the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy in 1981. The modern definition of the Frasnian is based on conodonts and the historical background of the stage is developed in detail herein. Data about the lithostratigraphy, sedimentology, biostratigraphy, chronostratigraphy and absolute age of the Frasnian can also been found in this contribution. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the modes of action of two biocontrol agents Z1 and ZH2
Drider, R.; Friel, D.; El Guilli, M. et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailA new in vitro model of Microsporum canis dermatophytosis in reconstituted feline skin
Tabart, J.; Baldo, Aline ULg; Vermout, S. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailDevelopment of a chemiotherapy protocol to sanitise banana genotypes infected by banana mild mosaic virus (BanMMV)
Busogoro, J. P.; Vandermolen, M.; Masquelier, L. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailSampling strategy for CO2 sampling
Heinesch, Bernard ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailComparative assessment of old and new suboptimal control schemes on three example processes
Journee, Michel ULg; Schweickhardt, T.; Allgöwer, Frank

in Proceedings of the 13th IFAC Workshop on Control Applications of Optimisation, Paris (2006)

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See detailCaractéristiques morphologiques des juments de Trait belge
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Delfontaine, Béatrice; Canart, Bernard et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(4), 247-252

Belgian draft mares were measured when visiting their owners. The mean wither height of at least 4-year-old mares (n = 207) was 1.64 m and the girth circumference 2.22 m. Compared with the wither height ... [more ▼]

Belgian draft mares were measured when visiting their owners. The mean wither height of at least 4-year-old mares (n = 207) was 1.64 m and the girth circumference 2.22 m. Compared with the wither height, the hip height was 1 % higher (1.655 m) and the body length 8 % higher (1.775 m). The mean cannon circumference was about 30 cm. The wither height, the body length and the girth circumference of the 2-year-old mares ( n = 39) represented respectively 98 %, 96 % and 94 % of the corresponding measurements of the group of older mares ( at least 4 years old). The morphological characteristics of these last ones, compared with results published about 50 years ago, show that the wither height remained identical whereas body length and width seem to have slightly increased. [less ▲]

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See detailThe riddle of genuine skin microrelief and wrinkles.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Thirion, L.; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in International Journal of Cosmetic Science (2006), 28(6), 389-95

Wrinkles result from distinct structural changes occurring in specific parts of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. There is a need for evidenced-based cosmetology identifying and quantifying the ... [more ▼]

Wrinkles result from distinct structural changes occurring in specific parts of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. There is a need for evidenced-based cosmetology identifying and quantifying the different aspects of wrinkling. Histology allows to detect specific changes associated with particular types of wrinkles. Four main types of wrinkles can thus be recognized, including the atrophic crinkling rhytids, the permanent elastotic creases, the dynamic expression lines, and the gravitational folds. Each type usually develops on specific skin regions exhibiting distinct microanatomical characteristics. Whereas skin microrelief, expression lines and skin folds appear clearly marked at the histological level, only little dermal changes are identified under other reducible or permanent wrinkles compared with the skin immediately adjacent to them. Distinguishing different types of wrinkles brings more precision to the clinical practice. This is of importance because the different types of wrinkles respond differently to cosmetic, dermatological and surgical treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Mycosphaerella fijiensis toxins on banana antioxidant systems.
Busogoro, J. P.; Olivier, T.; Leiva, M. et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailFrom the design to the clinical application of thromboxane modulators
Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg; Hanson, Julien ULg; de Leval, Xavier et al

in Current Pharmaceutical Design (2006), 12(8), 903-923

Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites are key mediators involved in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, inflammatory, and thromboembolic diseases. One of these bioactive metabolites of ... [more ▼]

Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites are key mediators involved in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, inflammatory, and thromboembolic diseases. One of these bioactive metabolites of particular importance is thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)). It is produced by the action of thromboxane synthase on the prostaglandin endoperoxide H-2 (PGH(2)) which results from the enzymatic transformation of AA by the cyclooxygenases. It is a potent inducer of platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction, and has been involved in a series of major pathophysiological conditions. Therefore, TXA(2) receptor antagonists, thromboxane synthase inhibitors and drugs combining both properties have been developed by different laboratories since the early 1980s. Several Compounds have been launched on the market and others are tinder clinical evaluation. In the first part of this review. we will describe the physiological properties of TXA(2), thromboxane synthase and thromboxane receptors. The second part is dedicated to a description of each class of thromboxane modulators with the advantages and disadvantages they offer. In the third part. we aim to describe recent studies performed with the most interesting thromboxane modulators in major pathologies: myocardial infarction and thrombosis, atherosclerosis, diabetes, pulmonary embolism, septic shock.. preeclampsia, and asthma. Each pathology will be systematically reviewed. Finally, in the last part we will highlight the latest perspectives in drug design of thromboxane modulators and in their future therapeutic applications such as cancer, metastasis and angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Yin and Yang of cell cycle progression and differentiation in the oligodendroglial lineage
Nguyen, Laurent ULg; Borgs, Laurence ULg; Vandenbosch, Renaud ULg et al

in Mental Retardation & Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews (2006), 12(2), 85-96

In white matter disorders such as leukodystrophies (LD), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), or multiple sclerosis (MS), the hypomyelination or the remyelination failure by oligodendrocyte progenitor ... [more ▼]

In white matter disorders such as leukodystrophies (LD), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL), or multiple sclerosis (MS), the hypomyelination or the remyelination failure by oligodendrocyte progenitor cells involves errors in the sequence of events that normally occur during development when progenitors proliferate, migrate through the white matter, contact the axon, and differentiate into myelin-forming oligodendrocytes. Multiple mechanisms underlie the eventual progressive deterioration that typifies the natural history of developmental demyelination in LID and PVL and of adult-onset demyelination in MS. Over the past few years, pathophysiological studies have mostly focused on seeking abnormalities that impede oligodendroglial maturation at the level of migration, myelination, and survival. In contrast, there has been a strikingly lower interest for early proliferative and differentiation events that are likely to be equally critical for white matter development and myelin repair. This review highlights the Yin and Yang principles of interactions between intrinsic factors that coordinately regulate progenitor cell division and the onset of differentiation, i.e. the initial steps of oligodendrocyte lineage progression that are obviously crucial in health and diseases. (C) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailA Survey of the Theoretical Economic Literature on Foreign Aid
Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in Asian-Pacific Economic Literature (2006), 20(1), 1-17

This paper surveys the theoretical economic literature on foreign aid -- in particular, the aid donor–recipient relationship. Economic theory, especially new institutional economics, can be very helpful ... [more ▼]

This paper surveys the theoretical economic literature on foreign aid -- in particular, the aid donor–recipient relationship. Economic theory, especially new institutional economics, can be very helpful in understanding foreign aid relationships -- especially the incentive problems involved -- and in designing institutions to improve aid effectiveness. In particular, it helps in understanding the chain of principal–agent relations inherent in the aid delivery system and the resulting potential for agency problems. The survey shows that economic theory can improve the design of cooperation modalities by aligning the incentives of donors and recipients for poverty reduction, but that, in order to address the problems, policy analysis must take into account the constraints faced by stakeholders in the aid relationship. The aid 'contract' should thus seek to improve the agents' incentives to use aid effectively, given the circumstances of the developing country [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Carcinome basocellulaire chez un patient psoriasique.
Thirion, L.; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(12), 795-6

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