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See detailSocial Insurance and Redistribution with Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection
Boadway, Robin; Leite-Monteiro, Manuel; Pestieau, Pierre ULg et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2006), 108(2), 279-298

Rochet (1991) showed that with distortionary income taxes, social insurance is a desirable redistributive device when risk and ability are negatively correlated. This finding is re-examined when ex post ... [more ▼]

Rochet (1991) showed that with distortionary income taxes, social insurance is a desirable redistributive device when risk and ability are negatively correlated. This finding is re-examined when ex post moral hazard and adverse selection are included, and under different informational assumptions. Individuals can take actions influencing the size of the loss in the event of accident (or ill health). Social insurance can be supplemented by private insurance, but private insurance markets are affected by both adverse selection and moral hazard. We study how equity and efficiency considerations should be traded off in choosing the optimal coverage of social insurance when those features are introduced. The case for social insurance is strongest when the government is well informed about household productivity. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical simulation in cold rolling using adiabatic strip model : application to large roll deformation
STEPHANY, A.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg; LEGRAND, N.

in AUSTRIB 06 (2006)

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See detailTraducción y primera persona en Victoria Ocampo
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Bocchino, Adriana A. (Ed.) V.O. (2006)

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See detailContribution to the knowledge of lichens in northern France
Diederich, Paul; Van Den Broeck, Dries; Ertz, Damien et al

in Bulletin de la Société des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois (2006), 106

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See detailRenaissance de l’Égypte aux Temps Modernes. De l’intérêt pour la civilisation pharaonique et ses hiéroglyphes à Liège au XVIe siècle
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Warmenbol, Eugène (Ed.) La Caravane du Caire. L’Égypte sur d’autres rives (2006)

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See detailChronique de la 60ème Session de la Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher à Komotini (26-30 Septembre 2006)
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Revue Internationale des Droits de l'Antiquité (2006), LIII

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See detailComputation of the sensitivity matrix used for Elasto-plastic material parameter identification by inverse methods
Cooreman, Steven; Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Lecompte, David et al

in Congress on theoretical and applied Mechanics, Mons, Belgium, May 2006 (2006)

Inverse methods offer a powerful tool for the determination of the elasto-plastic material properties. Contrary to standard tests, these methods can deal with heterogeneous stress and strain-fields which ... [more ▼]

Inverse methods offer a powerful tool for the determination of the elasto-plastic material properties. Contrary to standard tests, these methods can deal with heterogeneous stress and strain-fields which have a larger information contents and hence allow the simultaneous identification of several material parameters. Moreover, it is expected that the obtained material parameters are more accurate, since these heterogeneous deformation fields are much closer to those occurring in real (metal) forming operations. The principle of the inverse method for the identification of material parameters presented in this paper is to compare an experimentally measured strain field to that computed by a Finite Element (FE) model. The material parameters in the FE model are iteratively tuned in such a way that both strain fields match each other as closely as possible. One of the building blocks in this identification procedure is the updating algorithm for the material parameters in the FE model. The key problem of this updating algorithm is the determination of the sensitivity matrix, which expresses the sensitivities of the strains with respect to the material parameters. This paper presents an analytical method for the calculation of this sensitivity matrix in case of simple tensile tests. [less ▲]

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See detailRésumé CEDH, 11 octobre 2005, NA et autres c. Turquie
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Aménagement - Environnement (2006), 2

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See detailNifedipine nanocrystals: pharmacokinetic evaluation in the rat and permeability studies in Caco-2/HT29-5M21 (co)-cultures
Hecq, Julien; Nollevaux, Géraldine; Deleers, M. et al

in Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology (2006), 16(6, NOV-DEC), 437-442

Poorly water-soluble drugs such as nifedipine (NIF) (similar to 20 mu g/mL) offer challenging problems in drug formulation as poor solubility is generally associated with poor dissolution characteristics ... [more ▼]

Poorly water-soluble drugs such as nifedipine (NIF) (similar to 20 mu g/mL) offer challenging problems in drug formulation as poor solubility is generally associated with poor dissolution characteristics and thus with poor oral bioavailability (BCS class H drugs). In order to enhance these characteristics, formulation of NIF as nanocrystals was carried out. NIF nanoparticles (NP) were prepared using high-pressure homogenization (HPH). Solubility and dissolution characteristics have been reported in previous work to be significantly enhanced for NIF NP. Influence of NIF particle size on NIF permeation rate across intestinal cell models (Caco-2 and HT29-5M21 cultures and co-cultures) was investigated in order to complement these promising in vitro data. Apical to basolateral transfer studies were carried out across Caco-2 and HT29-5M21 cultures and co-cultures. Caco-2/HT29-5M21 co-cultures (seeding ratio 3: 1) were evaluated to better represent in vivo intestinal conditions. The influence of chitosan in the NIF NP formulation with regard to in vitro NIF permeation rate was also evaluated. These studies showed that NIF permeation rate across the different in vitro models evaluated can be significantly enhanced (approximate to 6-fold) by formulation of NIF as nanoparticles. No significant difference was observed either in the presence of chitosan in the formulation or between the three cell models evaluated. To complement these observations, preliminary in vivo pharmacokinetic evaluations in Sprague-Dawley rats, in the fed and fasted states, were also carried out for both un-milled NIF and NIF NP. [less ▲]

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See detailPlis et enveloppements chez Leibniz
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULg

in Différence et identité. Les enjeux phénoménologiques du pli (2006)

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See detailL'entretien d'aide en situation de souffrance relationnelle au travail
Faulx, Daniel ULg

Report (2006)

Ce chapitre aborde les différentes manières de mener des entretiens avec des personnes vivant une situation de harcèlement ou de conflit.

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See detailPharmacological Treatment of Ambulatory Schizophrenic Patients in Belgium
Hanssens, L.; De Hert, M.; Wampers, M. et al

in Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health (2006), 2

BACKGROUND: the objective of this study was twofold:1) Describe the use of antipsychotic treatments in ambulatory patients suffering from schizophrenia in Belgium.2) Evaluate to which extend antipsychotic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: the objective of this study was twofold:1) Describe the use of antipsychotic treatments in ambulatory patients suffering from schizophrenia in Belgium.2) Evaluate to which extend antipsychotic treatment prescribing patterns are in accordance with published treatment guidelines. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 16 Belgian hospitals selected from a sample of 67 hospitals. The hospitals were equally distributed between the north and south part of the country and were representative of Belgian practice. During 2 months, participating psychiatrists were asked to record the medication use as well as demographic parameters of all consecutive ambulatory patients seen at their consultation or attending a day-hospital. Data concerning 1000 ambulatory patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were collected. RESULTS: In Belgium, the use of atypical antipsychotics is frequent (69%) in ambulatory patients with schizophrenia. In the overall sample, 73% receive only one antipsychotic drug. The majority of patients are treated with drugs of only one antipsychotic drug group, either first- typical (29.8%) or second-generation, atypical antipsychotics (53.2%). 15.8% of patients combine different types of antipsychotics. Antipsychotic dosing is adequate for the majority of patients but about one fifth receives a higher than recommended dose as per package inserts. Polypharmacy remains within reasonable limits. The use of concomitant medication varies according the antipsychotic treatment: patients who take second-generation antipsychotics only, receive the least additional drugs. CONCLUSION: Atypical antipsychotics appear to be the first line treatment for schizophrenic psychosis. Psychiatrists working with ambulatory patients are well aware of treatment guidelines and follow them quite adequately. [less ▲]

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See detailBiocontrol of blue mold on apple fruits by Aureobasidium pullulans (strain Ach 1-1): in vitro and in situ evidence for the possible involvement of competition for nutrients.
Bencheqroun, S Krimi; Bajji, M.; Massart, Sébastien ULg et al

in Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences (2006), 71(3 Pt B), 1151-1157

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See detailCollagen fibril arabesques in connective tissue disorders.
Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in American Journal of Clinical Dermatology (2006), 7(5), 323-6

BACKGROUND: In various connective tissue disorders, collagen fibrils and elastic fibers may exhibit some ultrastructural abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: This electron microscopy study focused on collagen fibril ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In various connective tissue disorders, collagen fibrils and elastic fibers may exhibit some ultrastructural abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: This electron microscopy study focused on collagen fibril orientation and unusual shapes in the dermis of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) and related entities, including spontaneous cervical artery dissection syndrome and recurrent preterm premature rupture of fetal membranes syndrome. RESULTS: In addition to some abnormal fibril shapes typically found in these syndromes, other conformations (hook shaped, S shaped, ring shaped) that have not been illustrated previously in the literature were observed. CONCLUSION: The abnormal collagen fibril conformations observed in EDS and other related conditions characterized by tissue fragility likely affect both the internal cohesiveness of the bundles and the mechanobiologic properties of the tissue. [less ▲]

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See detailYBa2Cu3O(7-delta) thick films on Ag prepared by the electrophoretic deposition technique
Dusoulier, Laurent; Denis, Samuel; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2006), 43

YBa2Cu3O7-δ thick films have been deposited onto Ag substrates by the Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) technique. Different microstructures and electrical behaviours were observed depending on the ... [more ▼]

YBa2Cu3O7-δ thick films have been deposited onto Ag substrates by the Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) technique. Different microstructures and electrical behaviours were observed depending on the starting powder. Coatings prepared from commercial powder displayed significant porosity and the superconducting transition width was found to be magnetic-field dependent. Films produced from home-made coprecipitated powder are denser but contain some secondary phases. No dependence of the resistive transition as a function of magnetic field (H ≤ 20 Oe) was observed in that case. [less ▲]

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See detailAnastomose de Martin-Gruber
Wang, François-Charles ULg

in Correspondances en Nerf & Muscle (2006), 1(3/4), 23

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