References of "2006"
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See detailGeorges Kellens, de la tradition à l'innovation
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Kefer, Fabienne; Born, Michel; Lemaître, André (Eds.) Une criminologie de la tradition à l'innovation, En hommage à Georges Kellens (2006)

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See detailLe traitement de l'hypertension artérielle prévient-il la démence?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Louvain Medical (2006), 125(6), 198-202

Chronic arterial hypertension plays a certain role in the cognitive function decline and dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease, through vascular lesions added to the degenerative injuries. When ... [more ▼]

Chronic arterial hypertension plays a certain role in the cognitive function decline and dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease, through vascular lesions added to the degenerative injuries. When stroke occurs, it accelerates the development of dementia. By using antihypertensive drugs and correcting high blood pressure, the incidence of stroke has been dramatically reduced. Such treatment has also demonstrated protective efffect on stroke recurrence but also on cognitive dysfunction related to cerebrovascular complication. When severe cognitive dysfunction is present, the interest of antihypertensive treatment, its nature and the blood pressure target have not been clearly defined. An individual approach must be stimulated with an overall cardiovascular risk factors correction. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of surface preparation techniques on the cohesion of superficial concrete: comparison between jack-hammering and water-jetting
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît; Belair, Normand

in Beushausen, H.; Dehn, F.; Alexander, M. G. (Eds.) Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (2006)

The aim of concrete surface preparation is to obtain a surface with properties similar to those of the bulk concrete. Superficial concrete must be sound, dry, cohesive and contaminant-free. Particularly ... [more ▼]

The aim of concrete surface preparation is to obtain a surface with properties similar to those of the bulk concrete. Superficial concrete must be sound, dry, cohesive and contaminant-free. Particularly, the preparation must be performed in such a way that sound and homogeneous concrete is reached. The most widespread surface preparation techniques are sandblasting, jack-hammering, milling and other water hydro-jetting. Evaluation of the effect of surface preparation is often based upon surface roughness or specific sur-face. It is necessary however to investigate further within the first few centimetres from the surface to verify the concrete homogeneity and soundness. Pull-off test is a destructive method that can be useful for such evaluation, but it only gives an indication; the observation of the failure mode is more instructive. This paper summarizes the results of a microscopy investigation performed to quantify the number and length of cracks. The analysis leads to the comparison of jack-hammering and water-jetting techniques in terms of their poten-tial effect on superficial cohesion of concrete. [less ▲]

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See detailDespite inhibition of hematopoietic progenitor cell growth in vitro, the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib does not impair engraftment of human CD133+ cells into NOD/SCIDbeta2mNull mice.
Pirson, Laurence ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Meuris, Nathalie ULg et al

in Stem Cells (2006), 24(7), 1814-21

There is potential interest for combining allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and particularly allogeneic HCT with a nonmyeloablative regimen, to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib ... [more ▼]

There is potential interest for combining allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and particularly allogeneic HCT with a nonmyeloablative regimen, to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib (Glivec; Novartis, Basel, Switzerland, http://www.novartis.com) in order to maximize anti-leukemic activity against Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias. However, because imatinib inhibits c-kit, the stem cell factor receptor, it could interfere with bone marrow engraftment. In this study, we examined the impact of imatinib on normal progenitor cell function. Imatinib decreased the colony-forming capacity of mobilized peripheral blood human CD133(+) cells but not that of long-term culture-initiating cells. Imatinib also decreased the proliferation of cytokine-stimulated CD133(+) cells but did not induce apoptosis of these cells. Expression of very late antigen (VLA)-4, VLA-5, and CXCR4 of CD133(+) cells was not modified by imatinib, but imatinib decreased the ability of CD133(+) cells to migrate. Finally, imatinib did not decrease engraftment of CD133(+) cells into irradiated nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient/beta2m(null) mice conditioned with 3 or 1 Gy total body irradiation. In summary, our results suggest that, despite inhibition of hematopoietic progenitor cell growth in vitro, imatinib does not interfere with hematopoietic stem cell engraftment. [less ▲]

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See detailDopa-responsive parkinsonism after acute subdural hematoma.
MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg; DAENEN, Frédéric ULg; Bex, Vincent

in European Journal of Neurology (2006), 13(7), 10-1

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See detailDepth-integrated flow modelling taking into account bottom curvature
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (2006), 44(6), 787-795

Successfully modelling flows over a spillway and on strongly vertically curved bottoms is a challenge for any depth-integrated model. This type of computation requires the use of axes properly inclined ... [more ▼]

Successfully modelling flows over a spillway and on strongly vertically curved bottoms is a challenge for any depth-integrated model. This type of computation requires the use of axes properly inclined along the mean flow direction in the vertical plane and a modelling of curvature effects. The proposed generalized model per-forms such computations by means of suitable curvilinear coordinates in the vertical plane, leading to a fully integrated approach. This means that the flows in the upstream reservoir, on the spillway, in the stilling basin and in the downstream river reach are all handled in a single simulation. The velocity profile is generalized in comparison with the uniform one usually assumed in the classical shallow water equations. The pressure dis-tribution is modified as a function of the bottom curvature and is thus not purely hydrostatic. Representative test cases, as well as the application of the extended model to the design of a large hydraulic structure in Bel-gium, lead to satisfactory validation results. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifunctional landscapes. Volume III. Continuity and change (Ü. Mander, M. Antrop).
Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Landscape Ecology (2006), 21

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See detailCalculation of the random-incidence scattering coefficients of a sine-shaped surface
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg; De Geetere, L.; Vermeir, G. et al

in Acta Acustica United with Acustica (2006), 92(4, JUL-AUG), 593-603

Random-incidence scattering coefficients obtained by measurement in reverberation chambers (ISO 17497-1) for a particular sine-shaped surface are compared with theoretical results. Holford-Urusovskii's ... [more ▼]

Random-incidence scattering coefficients obtained by measurement in reverberation chambers (ISO 17497-1) for a particular sine-shaped surface are compared with theoretical results. Holford-Urusovskii's method and a hybrid plane wave decomposition - FEM method are applied to an infinite sine-shaped surface having the same profile, while the 3D BEM gives numerical results for the finite-size surface. Perfect rigidity (Neumann boundary condition) is assumed in all computations. The validity of the computations is compared and discussed with regard to the approximations involved. Finally, the measured and calculated values of the scattering coefficients are compared. A good correspondence is found, in particular concerning the overall dependence on frequency. Small deviations have however been observed, at low as well as at high frequencies. They will be explained by uncertainties in the measurements and discretisation errors in the calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of Sox 10 in the development of the inner ear
Bodson, M; Breuskin, I; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailMélanodermie infraclinique et cancers photo-induits
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; PIERARD-FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; HENRY, Frédérique ULg et al

in Actualités en Ingéniérie Cutanée (2006)

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See detailLattice involvement in low temperature phase of U(Ru,Rh)(2)Si-2
Jaime, M.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Kim, K. H. et al

in Physica B: Condensed Matter (2006), 378-80

Specific heat, magnetocaloric effect and magnetization experiments were performed on the 5f-electron system U(Ru0.96Rh0.04)(2)Si-2. This compound exhibits a non-magnetic ground state with a single ... [more ▼]

Specific heat, magnetocaloric effect and magnetization experiments were performed on the 5f-electron system U(Ru0.96Rh0.04)(2)Si-2. This compound exhibits a non-magnetic ground state with a single magnetic field-induced phase between H = 26 and 38 T. We show that the transition into this phase is first-order as revealed by a large irreversible specific heat anomaly and asymmetric magnetocaloric effect. A comparative analysis with the valence transition compound YbInCu4, where similar irreversibility and asymmetry exists, is presented. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension du domaine de la littérature
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Toussaint, Jean-Philippe (Ed.) La Mélancolie de Zidane (2006)

En se penchant sur la finale de la Coupe du monde de football, Jean-Philippe Toussaint élargit le domaine de la littérature légitime.

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See detailCrystal structure of the Mycobacterium fortuitum class A beta-lactamase: structural basis for broad substrate specificity.
Sauvage, Eric ULg; Fonze, Eveline; Quinting, Birgit et al

in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (2006), 50(7), 2516-21

beta-Lactamases are the main cause of bacterial resistance to penicillins and cephalosporins. Class A beta-lactamases, the largest group of beta-lactamases, have been found in many bacterial strains ... [more ▼]

beta-Lactamases are the main cause of bacterial resistance to penicillins and cephalosporins. Class A beta-lactamases, the largest group of beta-lactamases, have been found in many bacterial strains, including mycobacteria, for which no beta-lactamase structure has been previously reported. The crystal structure of the class A beta-lactamase from Mycobacterium fortuitum (MFO) has been solved at 2.13-A resolution. The enzyme is a chromosomally encoded broad-spectrum beta-lactamase with low specific activity on cefotaxime. Specific features of the active site of the class A beta-lactamase from M. fortuitum are consistent with its specificity profile. Arg278 and Ser237 favor cephalosporinase activity and could explain its broad substrate activity. The MFO active site presents similarities with the CTX-M type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases but lacks a specific feature of these enzymes, the VNYN motif (residues 103 to 106), which confers on CTX-M-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases a more efficient cefotaximase activity. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of ß-Cyclodextrin Derivatives on Bronchial Epithelial Cell Layer Permeability
Bosquillon, C; Belhadj Salem, L; Hernandez, E et al

in Delivery to the lung (2006), 17

Cyclodextrins have been identified as promising adjuvants for pulmonary drug delivery. However, concerns regarding possible adverse effects on the respiratory epithelium may limit their development in ... [more ▼]

Cyclodextrins have been identified as promising adjuvants for pulmonary drug delivery. However, concerns regarding possible adverse effects on the respiratory epithelium may limit their development in inhaled products. Concentrations (10-50 mM) of three ß-cyclodextrin derivatives, randomly methylated ß-cyclodextrin (RAMEB), hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HPßCD) and Kleptose® CRYSMEB, were applied to human respiratory epithelial (Calu-3) cell layers and effects on permeability were evaluated by 14C-mannitol permeability and transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements. Each cyclodextrin produced a concentration-dependent increase in mannitol flux which was associated with a drop in TEER. Increases in mannitol flux were the highest after exposure to RAMEB and were not apparent until a 50-60% reduction in TEER was reached. Disrupted cell layers recovered to their initial TEER value in less than 24 h except after exposure to high concentrations of RAMEB. Perturbations of the Calu-3 cell layers were shown to be dependent on cyclodextrin concentration, as well as chemical derivatisation, and were reversible in all but the most severe cases. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation des microscories métallurgiques comme traceur de la sédimentation dans les plaines alluviales ardennaises
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Petit, François ULg

in l'érosion entre société, climat et paléoenvironnement (2006)

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See detailStrategies nouvelles et recompositions sociales autour de la faune dans le Bassin du Congo.
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2006), 10(3), 251-257

The faunaʼs overexploitation in the Congo basin in general and within logging concessions in particular case still appears as a crucial problematic. Commercial poaching threats not only mammal ... [more ▼]

The faunaʼs overexploitation in the Congo basin in general and within logging concessions in particular case still appears as a crucial problematic. Commercial poaching threats not only mammal biodiversity but also long-term food safety of local populations. Strangely, this situation is generating a new and collective answer from stakeholders having opposite interests. Administrative authorities, international NGOs of conservation, logging companies have found in the context of wood certifi cation a common deal to begin an anti-poaching action on large landscapes. This study analyses interests of each stakeholder and discusses the place given to populations in this social blending around wildlife. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation des fillers dans les bétons
Michel, Frédéric ULg; Courard, Luc ULg

Report (2006)

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