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See detailVibrational spectroscopy of extant and fossil microbes: Relevance for the astrobiological exploration of Mars
Marshall, Craig P; Carter, Elizabeth A; Leuko, Stefan et al

in Vibrational Spectroscopy (2006), 41(2), 182-189

The vibrational spectra of an extant Archaea, Halobacterium salinarum, an extant micro-eukaryote resistant biopolymer isolated from Botrycoccus braunii, and an extinct (ca. 590-565 Ma) micro-eukaryote ... [more ▼]

The vibrational spectra of an extant Archaea, Halobacterium salinarum, an extant micro-eukaryote resistant biopolymer isolated from Botrycoccus braunii, and an extinct (ca. 590-565 Ma) micro-eukaryote microfossil Tanarium conoideum, have been recorded using near-infrared FT Raman spectroscopy and FTIR spectroscopy. Raman biosignatures for the carotenoid pigment, bacterioruberin was obtained from the halophilic Archaea H. salinarum. Another pigment biosynthesized by halophilic Archaea, bacteriorhodopsin a retinal-protein complex was also investigated. The FTIR analysis of H. salinarum showed the presence of proteins and lipids, and the spectrum of isolated bacteriorhodopsin was different in that it contained retinal C-C stretching bands. FT Raman and FTIR analysis of the resistant biopolymer isolated from B. braunii indicated a composition of long straight chain polymethylenic macromolecule-termed algaenan. Moreover, these biopolymers can be preserved on geological timescales, hence the importance of generating a database of these materials for palaeobiology and astrobiology applications. The FT Raman and FTIR spectra acquired from T. conoideum contain intense aliphatic C-H stretching modes in the 2700-3000 cm(-1) region. Both the FT Raman and FTIR spectra are consistent with vibrational spectra obtained from algaenans isolated from extant chlorophytes, for example, B. braunii, or eustigmatophyte micro-algae. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation du coût global d'un plan de lutte contre l'IBR en Belgique
Dispas, Marc; Houtain, Jean Yves; Muylkens, Benoît ULg et al

in Epidémiologie et Santé Animale (2006), 49

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See detailRole of Sox 10 in the development of the inner ear
Bodson, M; Breuskin, I; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailPoésie, Langage, Antiprose
Delville, Michel ULg

in Formes Poétiques Contemporaines (2006), 4

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See detailEvent-related brain potentials in psychopathology: Clinical and cognitive perspectives
Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2006), 46(1-2), 5-36

Since the discovery of the P300 component, a large number of studies have been conducted with the aim to find abnormalities of this psychophysiological marker among the main psychiatric disorders. The ... [more ▼]

Since the discovery of the P300 component, a large number of studies have been conducted with the aim to find abnormalities of this psychophysiological marker among the main psychiatric disorders. The first studies were very promising, but successive findings were rather controversial resulting in two main positions (the pros and the cons) as regard to the usefulness of P300 in clinical psychopathology. However, P300 studies provide interesting findings concerning information processing in psychopathology. Moreover, other Event-Related Potentials (ERPs), such as the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and the Error-Related Negativity (ERN) are particularly interesting for the study of cognitive processes in psychopathology. In this review, the author will give an overview of the main findings of P300, MMN and ERN values in psychopathology from a clinical and a cognitive point of view. After a brief description of the rationale of ERPs, the findings in schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism, posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder will be sequentially reviewed. The diagnostic usefulness of P300 in psychopathology is limited, but could be increased if variables known to influence P300 amplitude or latency are controlled. Doubtless, grouping two or more different ERP components would greatly improve the usefulness of the clinical applications of brain potentials. On the other hand, a growing number of studies have provided evidence of the relevance of ERPs to investigate cognitive processes in psychopathology. [less ▲]

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See detailTrou Al’Wesse : Campagne de fouilles 2006
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Zwyns, Nicolas; Stewart, John et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2006), 26

We present the results of the analysis of the large mammals recovered from strata 4a et 4b at Trou Al'Wesse, which confirms the division of complex 4 into two strata and their attribution to the Neolithic ... [more ▼]

We present the results of the analysis of the large mammals recovered from strata 4a et 4b at Trou Al'Wesse, which confirms the division of complex 4 into two strata and their attribution to the Neolithic 'stratum 4a) and the Mesolithic (facies of stratum 4b). We also present a summary of the 2006 field season. [less ▲]

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See detailGeorges Kellens, de la tradition à l'innovation
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Kefer, Fabienne; Born, Michel; Lemaître, André (Eds.) Une criminologie de la tradition à l'innovation, En hommage à Georges Kellens (2006)

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See detailLe traitement de l'hypertension artérielle prévient-il la démence?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Louvain Medical (2006), 125(6), 198-202

Chronic arterial hypertension plays a certain role in the cognitive function decline and dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease, through vascular lesions added to the degenerative injuries. When ... [more ▼]

Chronic arterial hypertension plays a certain role in the cognitive function decline and dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease, through vascular lesions added to the degenerative injuries. When stroke occurs, it accelerates the development of dementia. By using antihypertensive drugs and correcting high blood pressure, the incidence of stroke has been dramatically reduced. Such treatment has also demonstrated protective efffect on stroke recurrence but also on cognitive dysfunction related to cerebrovascular complication. When severe cognitive dysfunction is present, the interest of antihypertensive treatment, its nature and the blood pressure target have not been clearly defined. An individual approach must be stimulated with an overall cardiovascular risk factors correction. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of surface preparation techniques on the cohesion of superficial concrete: comparison between jack-hammering and water-jetting
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît; Belair, Normand

in Beushausen, H.; Dehn, F.; Alexander, M. G. (Eds.) Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (2006)

The aim of concrete surface preparation is to obtain a surface with properties similar to those of the bulk concrete. Superficial concrete must be sound, dry, cohesive and contaminant-free. Particularly ... [more ▼]

The aim of concrete surface preparation is to obtain a surface with properties similar to those of the bulk concrete. Superficial concrete must be sound, dry, cohesive and contaminant-free. Particularly, the preparation must be performed in such a way that sound and homogeneous concrete is reached. The most widespread surface preparation techniques are sandblasting, jack-hammering, milling and other water hydro-jetting. Evaluation of the effect of surface preparation is often based upon surface roughness or specific sur-face. It is necessary however to investigate further within the first few centimetres from the surface to verify the concrete homogeneity and soundness. Pull-off test is a destructive method that can be useful for such evaluation, but it only gives an indication; the observation of the failure mode is more instructive. This paper summarizes the results of a microscopy investigation performed to quantify the number and length of cracks. The analysis leads to the comparison of jack-hammering and water-jetting techniques in terms of their poten-tial effect on superficial cohesion of concrete. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the load bearing capacity of thin-walled steel members for long span composite floors
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in International Colloquium on Stability and Ductility of Steel Structures : SDSS2006, Lisbon 6-8 September 2006 (2006)

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See detailFréquence et importance du charriage dans les rivières du massif ardennais
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Hallot, Eric ULg; Gob, F. et al

in Géographie physique et Quaternaire (2006)

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See detailTowards a standard protocol for community-driven organizations of knowledge
Zhou, Chao; Lejeune, Christophe ULg; Bénel, Aurélien

in Ghodous, Parisa; Dieng, Rose; Loureiro, Geilson (Eds.) Leading the Web in Concurrent Engineering (2006)

This paper deals with the “Web 2.0”, where every user can contribute to the content, “harnessing collective intelligence”. After studying what makes the success of services like Google Base, Del.icio.us ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the “Web 2.0”, where every user can contribute to the content, “harnessing collective intelligence”. After studying what makes the success of services like Google Base, Del.icio.us and the Open Directory Project, we propose a unifying “REST” protocol for this kind of community-driven organizations of knowledge. The aim is to make the collaboration possible beyond the boundaries of the software and of the resulting communities. [less ▲]

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See detailNew validation strategy for the LC determination of ascorbic acid in sublingual tablets
Cahay, B.; Rousseau, Anne ULg; Klinkenberg, R. et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailApplying statistics recomended by regulatory documents.
Rozet, Eric ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Dewe, W. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailCalculation of the random-incidence scattering coefficients of a sine-shaped surface
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg; De Geetere, L.; Vermeir, G. et al

in Acta Acustica United with Acustica (2006), 92(4, JUL-AUG), 593-603

Random-incidence scattering coefficients obtained by measurement in reverberation chambers (ISO 17497-1) for a particular sine-shaped surface are compared with theoretical results. Holford-Urusovskii's ... [more ▼]

Random-incidence scattering coefficients obtained by measurement in reverberation chambers (ISO 17497-1) for a particular sine-shaped surface are compared with theoretical results. Holford-Urusovskii's method and a hybrid plane wave decomposition - FEM method are applied to an infinite sine-shaped surface having the same profile, while the 3D BEM gives numerical results for the finite-size surface. Perfect rigidity (Neumann boundary condition) is assumed in all computations. The validity of the computations is compared and discussed with regard to the approximations involved. Finally, the measured and calculated values of the scattering coefficients are compared. A good correspondence is found, in particular concerning the overall dependence on frequency. Small deviations have however been observed, at low as well as at high frequencies. They will be explained by uncertainties in the measurements and discretisation errors in the calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailMélanodermie infraclinique et cancers photo-induits
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; PIERARD-FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; HENRY, Frédérique ULg et al

in Actualités en Ingéniérie Cutanée (2006)

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See detailLa transmission familiale : s'approprier le passé entre frères et soeurs.
Favart, Evelyne ULg

in Pensée plurielle (2006), 1/11

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See detailStudy of a bisquaternary ammonium salt by atmospheric pressure photoionization mass spectrometry
Giuliani, Alexandre; Debois, Delphine ULg; Laprévote, Olivier

in European Journal of Mass Spectrometry (Chichester, England) (2006), 12(3), 189-197

A comprehensive atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) mass spectrometry investigation of hexamethonium bromide is reported. This bisquaternary ammonium salt is a model system for the investigation ... [more ▼]

A comprehensive atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) mass spectrometry investigation of hexamethonium bromide is reported. This bisquaternary ammonium salt is a model system for the investigation of multiply charged species and elucidation of ion formation processes. It has been used to elucidate the physico-chemical phenomenon occurring when photoionization is carried out at atmospheric pressure. First, the in-source fragmentations were studied for aqueous solutions of the salt with the photoionization lamp switched off, i.e. under thermospray conditions. It is shown that, in this mode of operation, fragmentations are minor and may be classified into two classes, namely dequaternization and charge separation, arising from the two precursors, M2+ and [M+Br]+. Second, the fragmentation patterns have been monitored in dopant-assisted APPI for different dopants (toluene, toluene-d8 anisole and hexafluorobenzene) at various amounts. At low dopant flow rates, the [M+Br]+ and M2+ ions are still observed. As the flow rate is increased, these precursor ions lose intensity and are finally suppressed for all three dopants. Comparison of toluene and toluene-d8 reveals that H atoms may be transferred from the dopant to the molecular ions, very likely mediated by the solvent. The role of the solvent (water) was also investigated by using heavy water. Apart from the thermospray fragmentations, which are also observed in APPI, several fragmentation pathways appear to be specific to the photoionization process. Photoionization efficiencies are measured by determination of the relative photoionization cross sections with respect to toluene. It is found that, when the ionization efficiencies are taken into account, the depletion of the precursors as a function of the dopant flow rates is the same for all three dopant molecules. This result shows that the precursor ions are depleted by reactions with the photoelectrons released from the dopant. Three additional mechanisms are proposed to account for this effect: electron transfer or H atom transfer from negatively charged water nanodroplets and H atom transfer from the dopant. [less ▲]

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See detailLa qualité des services à l’ordre du jour
Pirard, Florence ULg

in Furet (Le) (2006), 49

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See detailExtension du domaine de la littérature
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Toussaint, Jean-Philippe (Ed.) La Mélancolie de Zidane (2006)

En se penchant sur la finale de la Coupe du monde de football, Jean-Philippe Toussaint élargit le domaine de la littérature légitime.

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