References of "2006"
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See detailLa PESD après l'échec constitutionnel européen
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Sur, Serge (Ed.) Annuaire français de relations internationales 2006 (2006)

La crise autour du Traité constitutionnel a épargné la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense. Le Conseil européen va devoir néanmoins récupérer certaines avancées de la PESD qui avait été ... [more ▼]

La crise autour du Traité constitutionnel a épargné la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense. Le Conseil européen va devoir néanmoins récupérer certaines avancées de la PESD qui avait été introduite directement dans ce document à haute valeur symbolique. Au-delà d’une visibilité pragmatique de l’UE en matière de missions civilo-militaires, la PESD pourrait être autant soutenue que fragilisée par de nouvelles configurations organiques imposées par les événements institutionnels européens : structure de coopération ad hoc, noyaux durs, cercles thématiques, union dans l’union. Toutes configurations qui complexifient la lecture d’une Union européenne « sans frontières ». [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative risk assessment of Campylobacter spp. in poultry based meat preparations as one of the factors to support the development of risk-based microbiological criteria in Belgium
Uyttendaele, Mieke; Baert, Katleen; Ghafir, Yasmine et al

in International Journal of Food Microbiology (2006), 111(2), 149-163

The objective of this study was to do an exercise in risk assessment on Campylobaeter spp. for poultry based meat preparations in Belgium. This risk assessment was undertaken on the demand of the ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to do an exercise in risk assessment on Campylobaeter spp. for poultry based meat preparations in Belgium. This risk assessment was undertaken on the demand of the competent national authorities as one of the supportive factors to define fisk-based microbiological criteria. The quantitative risk assessment model follows a retail to table approach and is divided in different modules. The contamination of raw chicken meat products (CMPs) was represented by a normal distribution of the natural logarithm of the concentration of Campylobacter spp. (In[Camp]) in raw CMPs based on data from surveillance programs in Belgium. To analyse the relative impact of reducing the risk of campylobacteriosis associated with a decrease in the Campylobacter contamination level in these types of food products, the model was run for different means and standard deviations of the normal distribution of the ln[Camp] in raw CMPs. The limitation in data for the local situation in Belgium and on this particular product and more precisely the semi-quantitative nature of concentration of Campylobacter spp. due to presence/absence testing, was identified as an important information gap. Also the knowledge on the dose-response relationship of Campylobacter spp. was limited, and therefore three different approaches of dose-response modelling were compared. Two approaches (1 and 2), derived from the same study, showed that the reduction of the mean of the distribution representing the ln[Camp] in raw CMPs is the best approach to reduce the risk of Campylobacter spp. in CMPs. However, for the simulated exposure and approach 3 it was observed that the reduction of the standard deviation is the most appropriate technique to lower the risk of campylobacteriosis. Since the dose-response models used in approach I and 2 are based on limited data and the reduction of the mean corresponds with a complete shift of the contamination level of raw CMPs, demanding high efforts from the poultry industry, it is proposed to lower the standard deviation of the concentration of Campylobacter spp. in raw CMPs. This proposal corresponds with the elimination of the products that are highly contaminated. Simulation showed that eating raw chicken meat products can give rise to exposures that are 10(10) times higher than when the product is heated, indicating that campaigns are important to inform consumers about the necessity of an appropriate heat treatment of these type of food products. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailKinetic of the hydrolysis of pectin galacturonic acid chains and quantification by ionic chromatography
Garna, H.; Mabon, N.; Nott, Katherine ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2006), 96(3), 477-484

These experiments were designed to develop a rapid, repeatable and accurate analysis method for the quantification of galacturonic acid of pectins. Different pectin hydrolysis procedures (chemical and ... [more ▼]

These experiments were designed to develop a rapid, repeatable and accurate analysis method for the quantification of galacturonic acid of pectins. Different pectin hydrolysis procedures (chemical and enzymatic) were carried out with H2SO4, TFA and HCl at different acid concentrations (0.2, 1 and 2 M) and temperatures (80 and 100 degrees C). Enzymatic and combined chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis of pectin were also studied. A acid hydrolysis under drastic conditions (100 degrees C) is insufficient for complete hydrolysis and results in low recovery of galacturonic acid residues. Mild chemical hydrolysis (0.2, 1 and 2 M H2SO4 72 h at 80 degrees C) is also insufficient for complete depolymerization. Its main advantage is cleavage of the galacturonic acid chains into oligomeric forms without any degradation within 72 h of hydrolysis. However, enzymatic hydrolysis with VL9 for 2 h at 50 degrees C and combined chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis (0.2 M TFA at 80 degrees C for 72 h and VL9) give high recovery of this acid. Analysis of the liberated sugar residue by HPAEC allows us to determine the galacturonic acid composition of this polysaccharide accurately with high selectivity and sensitivity in one assay without the need for derivatization. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFotogrammi per una "consegna del testimone" : Da Guy Tosi a Ivanos Ciani e alla giovane critica
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Cappellini, Milva Maria; Zollino, Antonio (Eds.) D'Annunzio e dintorni : Studi per Ivanos Ciani (2006)

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein 76 [Fragment] from Bison bison placenta - Access number P84918
Kiewisz, J.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

E-print/Working paper (2006)

N-terminal microsequence obtained after purification and characterization of placental proteins in Bison bison. Proteins were submitted to SwissProt databank.

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See detailLutte biologique contre les maladies de post-récolte des pommes: Sélection des antagonistes de Penicillium expansum et de Botrytis cinerea
Achbani, E. H.; Mounir, R.; El Jaafari, S. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailHistone deacetylase 7 is involved in the control of angiogenesis by regulating platelet-derived growth factor-β
Mottet, Denis; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg; Deroanne, Christophe et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailDiagnostic de la pollution intérieure
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg

Report (2006)

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See detailEpidémiosurveillance des événements rares chez les bovins en Belgique
Saegerman, Claude ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(Sp. Iss. SI), 4-9

Epidémiosurveillance des événements rares chez les bovins en Belgique. Thèse de doctorat en sciences vétérinaires défendue le 29 septembre 2004.

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See detailMinerals discovered in paleolithic black pigments by transmission electron microscopy and micro-X-ray absorption near-edge structure
Chalmin, Emilie; Vignaud; Salomon, Hélène ULg et al

in Applied Physics A : Materials Science & Processing (2006)

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See detailEffect of water intake of dietary mannitol, sodium chloride and foot frequency in healthy cats
Kirschvinck, N.; Lhoest, E.; Leemans, Jérôme ULg et al

in Proceedings: 10th Congress of the European Society of Veterinary and Comparative Nutrition (2006)

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See detailTraducción y primera persona en Victoria Ocampo
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Bocchino, Adriana A. (Ed.) V.O. (2006)

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See detailLa controverse sur la négation de Bolzano à Windelband
Seron, Denis ULg

in Philosophie (2006), 90

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